Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on April 22, 1891 · Page 2
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 2

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Logansport, Indiana
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Wednesday, April 22, 1891
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Page 2
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SEEDLING APPLES. The Proper Time tor Grafting: and How- to Perform tho Operation. I haTO a number of applo trees, some) ono Tear and some two years om. Should they TBo grafted, and bow should it be done? When «toul(l it bo done and what kind of dons should be used? Your seedling 1 apples are just the age that n-arseryraen use for what is called -whip grafting- on the root. In their case it is clone any time in the winter "when work is slack, when they ure packed in boxes in soil and laid away in the cellar i>itil planting time. The •work can be done any time before growth takes place in the spring. If taken from the gronnS, as they do at planting time, they are set out and the part where the junction .is formed placed just below the soil. If your plants are far enough apart to allow it, it may be performed where they are growing, althoug-h»;t is somewhat diffi- GEAFTS AOT GRAFTING. cult to stoop down to properly perform jtlie act of grafting. ! This act of grafting, in whatever style jit is done, consists in having- the outer •part or bark made to exactly fit each iother, as it is in these parts only that a junction can be made that will grow. ,If the stock and cion are of the same eize, then an exact fit of the two in all Itheir parts where the cut is made ren- Iders the chances of growing much more •certain. The graft should be made at what is called the collar, that is, at that part |\vhere the old plant touched the top of .tie soil. Make a smooth, even, sloping cnt, say an inch long, upwards on the .collar of the root. In the center of this cut make a slit or tongue downwards. (The cion, which is of young, vigorous jtt-ood of a year old, should be three or four inches long. This is cut on the larger end with a tdoping 1 cut down- rwiBids, and exactly similar in all re- jspects to that made on the stock; a slit or tongne is made in it upwards, corresponding' also with that on the stock. ITheythen require to be neatly fitted rcojjether, the tongue of the one within the other, so that the inner harks come (in perfect contact, as we said before, at least on one side. You then want a tpiece- of prepared cloth, wrapping- firm- fly around the parts united. What is called the grafting composition is made jTvith resin, beeswax and tallow, equal •parts. This is heated and the cloth sat- (urated in the material i The cuts may make the matter plainer: 1 is the whole plant when finished, 3 the cion, 3 the stock, 4 the slanting cut, and 5 the tongue.—Prairie Farmer. POULTRY PICKINGS. OATS stand next to wheat as an egg- producing food. EADICAL changes of feed often make •the hens eat sparingly. - , -I IT is not necessary to co ddle or pam- ,per-fowls to make them grow. .' THE fowls will not thrive if they are -forced to stand in nvud all day. ' TWENTT-FOTTR hours after hatching tis soon enough to begin feeding. I WHEAT bran wet with hot water {makes a good summer hreakfast. | THTRE are OS standard breeds of chick- ,ens, 10 of ducks, 9 of turkeys and 7 of .geese. • | WHEN the fowls are closely confined and fed too high they are liable to be affected with cramp. WITH young chickens it is not the small lice that make the most trouble, Ira* the large body lice. " Os rainy days the hens with young {poultry will he all the better off if they -tare kept confined in dry quarters. s, \ TOBACCO leaves put into the nests -andbunches of it hung-around inside . 'the poultry house will keep away lice. THE best time to pick duck and 'geese feathers is when they are ripe; Whenever they are clear they are ready , THE extraordinary profits that are a,- jSometimes realized f«om one hen should i'not be taken as a guide to what can he gXjxnade from any particular breed.—St IpLoHis Republic. Old Trees Made Nnw, ' Fruit trees that have been neglected ff or a number of years and have grown • scrubby, moss-grown and half dead, may often be renovated and made to , "bear several good crops. First, all the I dead wood should be removed with the n' -saw. Then they may be pruned out 1 fe somewhat to admit light and air. Next, Stthe bark should be scraped and all Fmoss removed, and it might be well ^ to jiT-wash the bark with some alkaline IT -preparation. If the bark has the ap- /1,-pearanee of being hide-bound, a_few •' fejlongitudinal slits on the outer bark will ^e of service. Last, but by no means the ground should be thoroughly „..„£. The best way to do this .is 1th a pair of good horses and a plow. f i>onot be afraid if you break off some Klarge roots, because this will only .have ke tendency to start the tree to growing 1 , ferear up the sod and remove it from fwound the tree, and-keep --the land in ^^cultivation. Put on some barnyard wood ashes or commercial fertilizer. The trees will at once start |to grow and in a year or two will have tthrov.n out enough new wood to bear good crop.—Farm and I-Ioxnn. F r- A BIT OF CRITICISM. Serviceable and Simple Trellla for Blackberry Vinos. I would like to criticise Mr. E. P. Powell's notes on raspberries and blackberries, particularly his method of trellising 1 , which is to run a wire feet from the ground, supported by stakes at intervals of 30 feet, topping- the canes at a height of six feet. In my opinion mine is a far better and simpler method. My plan is to take g-ood fence posts five feet in length, set one at each end of a row, 3% feet in the ground, leaving 20 inches above ground. I use Iso. 13 galvanized wire and draw it as tightly as possible. However long the rows may be, a post set firmly at each cad is sufficient. After the canes are tied to the wire they form a perfect support, ^nd there "no stakes in the way of the hoe, I top my canes at three feet, just the right height to be handy for the pickers. By running the wires 20 inches from the ground they pass TP.KLLIS FOE BLACKBEBKY VISES. below the branches so that it is much more convenient to tie them, and less twine is required, while the tops are in better shape for picking. I remove the old canes as soon as the fruit is off, and tie the new ones to the wire to prevent their being gristed off by the wind. I am well aware that a large number of fruit- growers dispense with stakes or wires; but after having used both for three years, I regard them as indispensable, if one wants the crop to be the best. I would not advise anyone to use sawdust as a mulch for anything, as its affects on the soil are not desirable, and it also makes an excellent breeding place for injurious insects. To keep the soil moist, cool and rich each winter I eover a space about two feet wide along the rows with manure, and start the cultivator as soon in the spring as the soil is in fit .condition, and continue its use until August. Blackberries require the same treatment if one wants to be sure of a good crop. During the drought at fruiting time in the past season, I noticed that the neglected berries on the wild as well as the tame bushes were drying up, while mine were ripening nicely and in large quantities. Mr. Powell says: "Set this berry in your lowest land;" that would be bad advice for growers in Oljjo, for instance, on account of the liability of the vines to winter-kill. I say, set them on the highest land, and thus avoid this danger to a considerable extent.—E. A. .Trout, in Rural New Yorker. • GOOD FARM FENCE. Ono That Combines Strength, "Neatness and Complete Portability. Below I give a description of what I believe to be one of the best general purpose farm fences, as it combines strength, durability, neatness, cheapness and complete portability. It also can be made either in the field on the posts or in the shop or barn. For common farm fence. I would make it four feet high, or for those who wish a cheap poultry fence I would make it six feet high. The cost would be about as follows in this section of country: SO plc-kcts. ?;x2J4 In., 4 ft. long 13 3 strands singlo No. 13 wire 00 Two-potntert taclts to staple over wires 05 Posts V, la. iron. <1 ft. long, per rod 05 Sag-wire, period 03 Total cost per rod 32 The. posts 1 would put about twenty feet apart. ' Use only three strands of single wire and weave the pickets in and staple over every wire. The fence is to be made in lengths of five or ten rods, as would be most convenient, unless it is wished as a permanent fence, when it can be made in one continuous length. The sag wire is only to be stapled to about five pickets near their lower ends and the center carried up and hung, over the top of posts. • It should be short enough to raise the center of stretch between posts about two inches. The fence is fastened to posts by a loop of wire wrapped on main wires which the • post passes through. The post should extend a little above the center wire and should be driven into the ground about eighteen inches. As a poultry fence it will cost about five cents per rod less than as a stock fence. . There is no patent on this fence, so any farmer can take advantage of this and' get a good fence cheap.—Clarence Walter, in Farm, Field and Stockman. FARM GATE LATCH. One That Can Easily Bo Added to the Gates Now In Use. A home-made latch for' farm gates, ono that will never get out of order, is easily made and can be added to most gates now being used, is worth having, especially if its construction takes but a few minutes and its operation is automatic and sure. About one foot from the end of the gate nail a cleat on each side, so the latch can slide between these and on the upper edge of a board. Next cut off a two and one-half foot piece of furring and slide it in for a latch. Drive a. light staple in its upper edffe. arid anSther in. the top board and connect the two by a waste piece of bale wire, raising the inner end of the latch .an inch or two. The upper staple must be placed at least ono foot nearer the end of the gate than its mate in the latch. Then when the latch is forced toward the gate's hinges its inner end is lifted and its own weight forces it back into position. A smooth slot of sufficient size must be cut in the post to receive the latch.—H. S. Eden, in N, E. Homestead. TROUGH FOR HOGS. A Convenient Device Fully Explained by the Illustration. Mr. .T. Wiley, Indiana, sends a description of a convenient hog-trough, which is fully explained by the accompanying cut. A is a V-shaped trough, and B is a board cover arranged to raise and lower HOG-TROUGH. by the lever, C. The two small posts at each end of the trough serve as guides to the cover, and are connected at the top with an iron bolt. After the slop is poured in, the cover is raised and held up by pulling- down the lever and putting- it under the hook, D. The arrangement is an excellent one. One old sow cannot g'ei up in the trough and "act the hog" while the slop is be- flag poured in.—Farm and Fireside. Chained to tlie Rock. Prometheus was chained to the rock while vultures gnawed his entrails. So are many pe»ple chained to the rock of prejudice while all manner of violent medicines inflict injury upon the sensitive lining- of the stomach and intestines. They are apparently immovable in the belief that to experience benefit they must keep dosing with drastic medicines. Unless the]action of these is powerful and excessive, they are not satisfied. They would distrust a remedy of gentle action, however effective. It is not by such, purblind extremists as these that the acknowledged merits of Hostetters Stomach Bitters are recognized. That benign.regulator of the stomach, the bowels and the.kidneys appeals to the rational—not only appeals, but is awarded a just valuation. Constipation, liver complaint, dyspepsia and kidney troubles yield to its action. So also do malaria and rheumatism. to22 JFor Over Fifty Veors. An Old and Well-Tried BernecY —Mrs. Wlnslow's Soothing Syrup lias been used lor over Fifty Years by Millions of Mothers for their Children While Teething, with Perfect Success. It Soothe* the Child, Sortensthe Gums.AUays all Pain; Cures Diarrhoea. Sold by druggists in every part of the world. Be sure and ask lor Mrs. Wlnslow's Sootttag Syrup, and take na other kind, Twenty-five cents a bottle. JuneHWifcwly Bncklen's Arnica Salve. The Best Salve in the world for Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum, Fever Sores, .Tetter, Chapped Hands, Chilblains Corns, and all Skin Eruptions, and positively cures Files, or no pay required, It Is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction, or money refunded. Price 25 cents per box. FOE SALE BY B. F. Keesling. (ly) Miles'Nerve and liver Pills. An important discovery. They act on the liver, stomach and bowels through the nerves. A new principle. They speedily cure biliousness, bad aste, torpid liver, . piles and constipation Splendid for men, women and children. Smallest mildest, surest. SO doses for 25 cents. Samples free at B. Jf. Keesling's, 1 Nervous debility, poor memory, diffidence, sexual weakness, pimples cured by Dr. Miles' Nervine. Samples free at B. F. Keesling's. (6) Pain andrdrem attend the use of most catarrh remedies. Liquids and snuffs are unpleasant as well as dangerous. Ely's Cream Salmis safe, pleasant, easily applied Into the tasal passages and heals the inflamed membrane giving relief at once. Price 60c. to28 CATAKRH CURED, health and sweet breath secured, by Shiloh's Catarrh Remedy. Price 50 cents. Nasal injector free. Sold by B. F. Kees ing _ 3 THE REV. GEO. H. THAYEK, of Bourbon, Ind., says: '-Both myself and wife owe our lives to SMloh's Consumptive Cure. Sold by B. F. Keesling _ C SLEEPLESS NIGHTS made mise-able by that terrible cough. Shiloh's Cure ,s .the remedy for you. Sold by B. F Keesling-. _ 2 Biliousness, constipatioa, torpid liver, etc., cured by Miles' Nerve and Liver Pills. Free samples at B..F Keesling's. (3) Delicious Mince Pie in 20 Minutes TUCE OF. THE YEAE. I DOUGHERTY'S NEW ENGLAND BHHIMIKCE MEAT. In paper "boxes; enough for two largo pics. Always ready; easily prepared. . , CLEAN, WHOLESOME, CONVENIENT. SOLD BY ALL GROCERS. CHILD BIRTH • • • • • MADE EASY! " MOTHERS' FRIEND " is a scientific- allyprepared Liniment, every ingredient of recognized value and in constant use by the medical profession. These ingredients are combined in a mannei hitherto unknown "MOTHERS' FRIEND WILL DO all that is claimed for it AND MORE. It Shortens Labor, Lessens Pain, Diminishes Danger to Life of Mother and Child. Book to " MOTHERS "mailed FRtiE, containing valuable -information and voluntary testimonials. Scut by express on receipt nf price S1.50 per bottle BRADFIELD REGULATOR CO., Atlanta. Ga. SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS. Sold by Ben Fisher 4th. street. 99 GILD MEDAL, PABIS, 1878. W.BliR&Co.'S Breakfast Cocoa from which the excess ol oil has been remoyed, is Absolutely Pure and it is Soluble. No Chemicals are used iu its preparation. It has more than Ihret times the strength of Cocoa mixed with Starch, Arrowroot or Sugar, and is therefore far more economical, costing less than one cent a cup. It is delicious, nourishing, strengthening, EASILY DIOESTED, and admirably adapted for invalids, as well as for persons in health. • Sold by Grocers everywhere. W. BAKER & CO., Dorchester, Mass. PINE-APPLE FOR YOUR COUGHS, COLDS, ASTHMA AND It la unexcelled as a CROUP REMEDY. So pleasant that children cry for it. Cures all Throat, Lung and Bronchial troubles, and is pleasant, positive and PERFECT. for sale toy J. F Coulson"& Co.I febSd&wSm We "believe we have a thorough. D 1% of afl I the ins and outs of newspaper advertising, pained in an experience of twenty-five years of successful business; we have the best equipped office, far Go. Advertising placing contracts and verifying tneir fnlfillTTlpnt and unrrcaled facilities in all departments for careful and intelligent service. Wo offer our services to all•who contemplate 10 Spruce comprehensive as C* well Olii as the most convenient system of New or 810,000 irt newspaper advertising who •vrisb. to the most and best adverHsing for tha "money. 'B CottOZL COMPOUND .^ed of Cotton Hoot, Tanir and Pennjroyal—a recent discovery Dy iin __'old physician. Is mcccsafullv uttd moTUftJv-Safe. Effectual. Price $1, by maU. «e&Ied. Ladies, ask your drucuist for Cook'i Cotton Boot Compound and take no subatitnte, or inoloso 2 stamps (or sealed particulars. Ad- dreu POND Llirs COM-PANY, No. 3 Flmtiw Block, 131 Woodward ave.. Detroit. Mich. ioUbyBenlFIsher. TILES GRATESETC. 224.YWBASH AYE OH SEND marchlTdSm K REMEMBER LINC IS THE NAME OF THAT Wonderful Remedy That Cures CATARRH, HAY-FEVER, COLD in the HEAD, SORE THROAT, CANKER, and BRONCHITIS, Itnm Price »1.00. Pint Bottles, For Sale by leading Druggists. pltEPAIllQD OSIiTT BIT KliRck Catarrh & Bronchial Remedy Co. -..CHICAGO, ILL- DO YOU WANT TO BE "IN IT" -AND—— On the Ground Floor ? IF YOU DO Read Carefully, Decide Wisely, Act Promptly. For a Week, or Perhaps Ten Days, THE DAILY JOURNAL Will offer the Citizens of Logansport and vicinity a full year's subscription to the Daily and Sunday Editions, also a complete set of the Am ricanized Encyclopaedia Britannica, Ten Large, Handsome Volumes. S30.00 The Encyclopaedia In Cloth Binding FOR BOTH The World's Present History Embodied in the columns of THE DAILY JOURNAL. Art. Science • The World's Past History Embraced in the Teeming Pa.ges of The Americanized Encyclopedia Britanniea. 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