Page 2 article text (OCR)
hiyrhevllle (Ark.) Courier News - Friday, February J, 1987 - Page Thre« HOW MUCH DO WE REALLY KNOW OF THE SEA? lution of the planets than they|masses which once was dry know about the surgings of the| land itse 'f) to a de P* of 200 By TOM NOLAN Newspaper Enterprise Assn. sea. For a combination of reasons — lack of incentive and technological limitations, mostly — man is only now beginning to realize that the oceans contain an almost limitless opportunity for profit. Perhaps much more than profit. With the population explosion threatening to outstrip food production in the near future, the sea's vast fish protein resources offer perhaps ttie only major untapped food source. Experimental plans have already shown that a pound of fish protein concentrate — a week's supply for the average person — can be produced for about seven cents. Within a few years, it should be economically feasible to convert tiie ocean's salt water into fresh water, thereby solving another of man's most pressing problems. Some oceanograpbers predict that within another two generations, man will have to turn to Kie sea for actual living space. The U. S. Navy is currently working on plans for the construction of a research facility 600 feet underwater. Tentatively called the Seafolor Habitat Complex, it will consist of living quarters, a laboratory and power sources. Though our knowledge of the sea is still rather primitive, American industry and government already have a substantial stake in the oceans. Current spending on all things connected with the sea is estimated at more than ?9 billion a year. Nearly half this amount is for military projects, about $2 billion for offshore oil and gas, $2 billion for marine recreation and $400 million for commercial fishing. Underseas mining and chemical extraction is a $250 million business. Another $250 million goes into nonmilitary research ($140 million by the government). Of the $4-plus billion spent on military projects, about $400 million goes into research and development. To most people — both military and civilian — the R&D expenditures are not nearly enough. Sen. Warren Magnuson, D-Wash., says Kie government is spending 36 times more on space than on the ocean. American scientists, in fact, know far more about the revo- "Resources" in this case in- WASHIN3TON - (NBA) -!tides! They know much more ! mete rs (about 600 feet). -_, ., , ., .. , | ^ ! '* l-f acnntv«e 3 in fhit; For something that s always been around, us, it's surprising how little we know about the about the surface of the moon dudes al , anima]s whid] u 238,000 miles away than they fa flr on the ^ _ such as know about the ocean floor five miles away at most. Spending by private industry is contributing more to oceanographic research than space research, but in terms of the actual money spent, it is no crabs, clams, oysters and the like. Golf a Religious Game? CHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP) Golfers take note: Rabbi Israel Gerfaer of Charlotte says golf is a religious game. Writing in a recent issue of Temple Beth El's newsletter, Rabbi Gerber had this to say: "Golf isn't religious simply because it is often played on Sunday mornings, or even because of the sacrifices people make for it and the single-minded devotion with which they regard it. "It is religious because the basic idea of the game is a spiritually sublime one. In golf, as some golfers of my acquaintance play it, the object is not so much to defeat the other player as to improve yourself, to do better today than you did the last time. "At first you struggle to break 100. When you can do that regularly, you try to whittle it down to 90, or even 80. You analyze what you're doing wrong and try to correct the little faults that ruin your score. And if your partner is going around in fewer stokes, because he's teen play- The convention's impact on I ing longer or has more ability, oceanography is double - bar- reled. It brings a semblance of sanity to the loose set of agreements constituting maritime , , , , , . . iinoui.a \~uno 1/1 Lui(,uig jiiaiiiiiiit; great sum by today's standards.i, aw undw which practically The government's interest is anything in the oceans is up for now picking up. The President's Science Advisory Committee last summer issued a report recommending a doubling of federal support for marine science and technology over the next four years. grabs. At the same time, it gives technology a shot in the arm, since any part of the Continental Shelf deeper than 200 meters can be brought under the convention's terms if it is "ex- that doesn't upset you. You concentrate on knocking a few strokes off your own score and Also encouraging to oceano- plotted" by the coastal nation, dents. •QnVlQl-c ie (Via Pnnflnonfol GlinlF "If !f f nn thn r-Urtlf nn/J i.rtu m_ ters. The Russians, for example, have always zealously maintained a 12-mile limit off their own coasts but have felt free to push their trawlers within three miles of any other nation. A couple of crab pots and a few tangled fishing nets have produced international inci- graphers is the Continental Shelf Convention, adopted at Geneva two years ago as a part of International Law. In effect, it gives each seacoast nation exclusive ownership of all resources in its own Continental Shelf (the area around allland If it's on fee shelf and you I To most experts, the Conti- can reach it, it's yours," ex-1 nental Shelf Convention is mere- plains one oceanographer. ! ly a prologue of things to come. Perhaps the most striking Though most of the resources characteristic of maritime law' extracted from the sea so far in the past has been its lack have come from the shelf, the of clarity, which even extends I real treasures lie in the deep to the limits of territorial wa- ocean. ONE OF THE VEHICLES used to explore the depths of the sea is the manned submersible, Deepstar-4000, buUt by Wcstinghouse and leased to the Navy. The vehicle has bydraulically controlled claw and specimen basket for retrieving samples. The pointed jaws of the pike are lined with numerous sharp teeth. Although teeth that are broken off or worn down are replaced, the idea that the fish sheds its teeth regularly each summer has definitely been proved untrue. Read Courier News Classifieds KNOW WHERE you're GOING on this year's INCOME TAX Feoph who know whm rh.yV. going toU therr BOTH t«r«turnstoH&RBlOCK. FCDERM OIK Mrvfn h so quick, convantait mi imutptn- itra, you cant afford to worry about your Nturn, Tlife year go HOCK. ^^aaeaaat OUAMNTK __ Wt guarantn aaiirat* preparation of fry toi mm mik* any «rar> A* ««t yon enf OMialiy tt w» will pay tti» p«nolty or inttmt. _ ArmrfM'* Urgi* T« .fcNtat y/jk Owr 1)7 SOUTH SECOND ST. to 9; Sat. * Sun. 9 to 5, Ph. PO 3-6451 NO APPOINTMENT NECESSARY m A sewing machine that crawls tinder the couch? Oh, you didn't know SINGER makes vacuum cleaners? Well, we do. With SINGER quality, too. Uke our "Power Master" Canister Clean-, er. It goes anywhere, and it cleans all the way.. Powerful,> quiet,' with a suction control feature that lets you select just the powar you Wd to get the job don*! i Th'is"SINGER f vacuum' 'crouches, glides and.< crawls while you romp through the housework.' $79.95 SINGER Easy terms—no month- Jy payments until Mar. v •67. 3*e Mi eompfofc lint of floor-Mr* pmtocfeat yowr SJNGCft&ntefV Plaza Shopping Center Phone PO 2-2782 », ... ... , .. m ^TlWCv^llVWr IOC VOTI1P •A TrKMnwV »H THl CING'H COMPANY if you can do that, you're exhul- tant. "Wouldn't we be at the threshold of the Messianic era if people who accept these notions so blithely on the golf course would extend them to other areas of life as well?" Dr. Gerber, who holds a degree in psychology — but still is trying to break 100 himself on the golf course — proposes the following indoor variations of golf "suitable for inclement weather when the course is inaccessible: "1. Ethical golf: In which people will ask, not 'Am I no worse than my competition?' but rather, 'Could I — with some effort and practice — be a little bit better, more honest, more sensitive, tomorrow than I was yesterday?' "2. Status golf: In which nobody will worry about keeping up with the Joneses, but people at all times will ask 'What is my real level? What is right for me?' — never satisfied to be less than they might be, never long to be more than they have the capacity to be. "3. Synagoue golK In which people will rush up to the local pro (rabbi) and ask him urgently, 'Please tell me, what little thing am I doing wrong, so that I may correct it — then rush out to put into practice the advice he gives them. * * * "People who are capable of such saintliness on the golf Today In History course should have no trouble transposing these same attitudes to (he homes, the temple and the office." "Fore!" By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Friday, Feb. 3, the 34th day of 1967. There are 331 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1943, the U.S. troopship Dorchester' was torpedoed in the North Atlantic. Four chaplains of different faiths gave their life preservers to soldiers and went down with the ship. The heroic deed was commemorated by a chapel dedicated to the four chaplains by President Harry S. Truman at Philadelphia eight years later. ' On this date: In 1809, the Territory of Illinois was created. In 1913, the income tax amendment to the Constitution was ratified. In 1917, the United States sev- Germany. IN 1924, Woodrow Wilson, the 28th president of the United j States, died. In 1946, Allied headquarters in Tokyo published complete figures on casualties in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima the previous August. The figures showed that 78,150 persons died, 13,983 were missing and 214,412 were wounded. Ten year ago — In reaction to a U.N. General Assembly vote approving an American resolution calling for Israel's withdrawal from Egypt, Israel said it would not withdraw from Egyptian land they had (aken unless Israel received guarantees from the United Nations. Five years ago — Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy was well along on a 28-day around-the- world goodwill tour. One year ago—An unmanned Soviet space ship made a successful soft-landing on the moon and immediately began to transmit telemetric signals to earth. The Southern Cross cannot be seen from the continental United States. REMEMBER SUMMER, with its swim suit weather and warm sand? Jean Cannon is a fetching reminder as she plays on a shore al Miami Beach. Spact Fwy 2-dooMtefdt^t 1WNN»IG T DEALSlJN PLYMOUTH FURYSTBELVEDERES, VALIANTS iANCrBARRACUDAS NOWS OUR.WIN-YOU-OVER SALE! "" 61" Motor Co.. Highway 61 - North, Blytheville, Ark.