Blythevllle (Ark.) Courier News - Thursday, January 28, 1967 — Page Thm China's City Economy Suffers Under Confusion EDITOR' SNOTE - This article by an AP specialist is the fourth in a series of five back- grounding the upheaval in China. By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Special Correspondent Mao Tse-Tung's "great proletarian cultural revolution," spearheaded by hysterical teenagers, has stormed through China's cities, creating wild and violent confusion. It has readied into the trade unions and tiie factories. And now it is reaching out to China's 500 million peasants. Although most China-watchers agree that the danger of a shooting civil war has diminished, China remains in dire peril. The economy of the cities has suffered severe wrenches from Kie riotous confusion, and now there is a prospect that the farms are threatened. China's spring sowing must begin around April. If there is an interruption in that, the country is in trouble. It already has a problem feeding 750 million people and food is rationed. Despite official reports to the contrary from Peking, experts have reason to believe the last harvests were poor. A new crop failure would be a major calamity. ¥ * * But the "great proleterian cultural revolution" goes on. This is more than a power struggle of conflicting personalities, although that is part of it. It is evidently a clash of fundamental conceptions of China's economic, social and political future. Recent announcements of what has been going on in China's cities reveal the depth of this clash. Defense Minister Lin Piao, the man who seems to have the advantage, at least temporarily, has turned all the terrifying power of his "cultural revolution" apparatus at the power bases of his opponents, who seem to be led by President Liu Shao-chi and the party secretary-general, Teng Hsiao-ping. Much of the opposition's power has rested with the urban laboring class in the party-dominated All China Federation of Trade Unions. Lin now has succeeded in abolishing that organ- ization — as he had eliminated another opposition power base before by abolishing the eight- million-strong Young Communist League. The Young Communist League was replaced by the teen-age Red Guards — the Himg Wei Ping. The trade unions federation now is to be replaced by the "rebel revolutionaries" — Tsao Fan. Lin's forces, claiming the blessing of "Mao Tse-tung's thinking," moved in on the factories with disastrous results. Production was stopped in many. Enemies were accused of fomenting strikes. The wheels of industry are being slowed, even stopped in some cases, by endless rallies and forced mass discussion of Mao's thought. Each side is accusing the other of sabotaging production. t * * Lin's forces joined the battle for the laboring class with a declaration of war on "econo- mism," a Communist sin which suggests trying to buy the loyalty of workers with promises of better wages, welfare and living standards. Lin's forces say this is "bribery of the workers," and that it "corrupts the masses." The lime ol decision may be close—although it will likely be a long time before Red China recovers from the shock of this titanic struggle. To informed watchers, the critical question is not which personality wins out, but which line wins: Whether China will continue beligerently isolated from her neighbors, and whether she can recover from all the shocks of the past year and a half . Next: The consequences. By Lines ...by You (EDITOR'S NOTE: This column is for use by the readers. Material submitted wilJ not be returned. All material should be typed and double-spaced and is subject to editing. Writers should sign their names and, in the cases of students, should give their age. Names will be withheld on request.) CHILL WIND By Gwyndolyn Smith The wind blows chill and cold Along the lonely street, Its bite is brisk and bold, The wind blows chill and cold, Reviving ghosts of old, The wind blows chill and cold Along the lonely street. QUEST FOR FREEDOM By Gwendolyn Smith Fate, free me of the fetters, The shackles that stay my feet Within this placid pattern That pleases not my palate, Oh, love, loose this luckless one For flight to far flung places. I would wander where I will, Gravitate in gypsy guise, And at last when spell is spent Amid my restless warnings, Perhaps, then seek hearth of home, Content to wear chains again. Robert Kennedy's views on (most) draftees are uneducated. If that be true than we have certainly got us a job here on our soil to see that our boys get an education first. Second, induct our college men into service, whether it be their choosing or not. For this we all know: There are thousands of collegians in service. They are high-ranking officers, captains, etc. etc. We need and appreciate every one of these men who have had a college education. They are our leaders in war and peacetime. Citizens, too, that we are certainly proud of. But when it comes to induction at our draft boards there should be no difference between two men (one a dropout in school, the other a college boy). They are both 18 to 21 years old, able to be trained in service of our U.S.A. We have trained men and women of file highest caliber in all fields, electronics, engineers, medics, artillery and dozens of other things, if only the lad has just had a sixth grade education. Also they educate this way: Every man from 18 to 36 should have two years of ger- vice, for several reasons. First, I'd like to say it makes a fine man out of him. More Considerate of others and of himself. He alone has achieved a mission he'll never regret or be sorry for, and that's to serve us country two years, if not more. Furthermore, I believe this college boy wants to be inducted. I alone, during World War Two, saw men not drafted because we needed them home on the farms. Gee Whiz. Wake up, citizens. Like President Johnson said, this war is a weapon we all must touch. We must be prepared in hearts and minds, not of education alone. See, it's all our responsibility. We must work and strive to strengthen our men at home in boot training and over in Vietnam, I believe. We have just begun to see why we are in there fighting. It's either a few thousand die now or as Henry Cabot Lodge said, "275,000,000 starve later." For if we don't help those people to freedom and keep the enemy from coming on strong to capture the richest rice field on earth, these people, even from Asia, will starve. I believe the Chinese see this. I feel they do. So we are all hi a war to keep people alive and to be free. In order to do so men must die and I don't think there should be a difference in education. For schooling isn't at all at stake here. In Vietnam at present it's man-to-man warfare of seeing who is the strongest. We must win. Train all of our educated and college men on an equal basis. We would have to say, "Here, Mr. Kennedy, we appreciate your lovely thoughts, but thoughts aren't going to stop this guerilla war." It takes the men behind the wheel. Mr. Kennedy, if you get what I mean, sir, every American boy and man love each other to death and they will fight for freedom of our nation and also for the neighboring country who needs support. by Helen Mahan Aryan invaders from central Asia conquered India about 3,500 years ago. Pike Lashes Out Against Churches GAINESVILLE, Fla. (AP) — Bishop James A. Pike says the Christian church is the "taillight, not the headlight, when it comes to the truth." Speaking before a capacity crowd at the University of Florida Tuesday night, Bishop Pike said that theologians are showing laziness and underestimating the people when they say, "Don't let the little people know, say it the old way, make them feel good." | "The people as a whole and the new theologians are thinking the same questions. It's the church officials who are out of the ball game," Pike said, "But they will catch on." + * + Bishop Pike, who is seeking a hearing on heresy charges recently filed against him, said, "The prefabricated answers are getting to look stranger and stranger to us, and less and less relevant. It seems more like astrology and alchemy." The former Episcopal bishop of California said, "the church is dying. But religious books are selling like hotcakes." He noted a decline in church membership and attendance, accompanied by an Increased interest in religion. "The Christian church is being dragged screaming and kicking into the 20th century," he said. N. Viets Plan: Outlast U. S. EDITOR'S NOTE, - The following copyright story was written Jan. 18 by Bill Baggs, editor of the Miami (Fla.) News. Baggs spent eight days early this month in North Vietnam. By BILL BAGGS Editor of the Miami News Copyright 1967 by the Miami News Distributed by The Associated Press HANOI, North Vietnam (AP) — North Vietnam is a guerrilla society. The people here have been at war, mostly guerrilla war, for 25 years, and only the older ones remember a season of peace. And this long visit of war not only has conditioned the character of the people, but also the nature of their economy. The adults, and many teenagers, arc trained to use a rifle or a machine gun. You could say that the modern guerrilla society was established when the Japanese occupied Vietnam during World War II. The Japanese collaborated with the French residents, or most of them, and a Viet underground was fashioned to fight them both. * * » Later, the guerrilla society took on the French, and the world knows of the historic battle of Dien Bien Phu, where the Vietnamese astounded the French by transporting heavy artillery and other needs of war across the mountains and engaging the French. Now, in the conflict against fellow countrymen in the south and the Americans, the North Viets enlist the same tactics, the tactics of the B nierrilla fighter. Usually the soldiers move in small units, and only at night, and convoys are brief, and not strung out up and down the highway, to provide as small and mobile a target as possible. The soldiers, as well as a colonel from what serves as the chiefs of staff, tell you of the same conviction: they believe they can outlast the Americans. * * * In frank conversation, these men express what appears a knowing respect for the economy and the military of the United States. But they speak of a belief that, in time, the Americans are going to weary of war, such as this one, although it may take 10 or 20 years. You see the influence of a protracted war upon the society everywhere. Almost every school has been closed in Hanoi, but the schools, in smaller units, have been relocated to the provinces. The same is true of the university. You hear, .and you see some evidence, that North Vietnam does not need much industry to carry on the war at the present level. The heavier weapons of war seem to come from the Soviet Union, lighter weapons from China, some military aid from other countries. Food Is shipped in from various natons. 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