The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 20, 1967 · Page 6
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, January 20, 1967
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Page Eight -Bfrflmvllh (Ark.) Curler News - Friday. JMUMY M. 1987 I Joi cei Ha th( "o inj the wi un srr jal as 1 ba foi er foi To du ch; ( gr; du. Ga of er "is sul lor me of twi da; doi "T. Ca: cr Ca int bo; unl bai ye? Pit on F ma bo> Review and Foiecast On Missco Farms By Kcilh I5ill)iey. Ciiunty Agenl ..„..„.,,.-, This is the time of year when-think all soils here contain this storage bins,'' he sail Ma loch Says By D. V. Maloch County Agent Secretary of Agriculture Or- villc Freenic.ii said a few days ago that "19GG marked the end of a new and better one. "Farm income and surpluses were down," the secretary said in his year-end statement. "Farmers as a whole are now producing food to meet the needs of hungry people rather than for {armors look at beautiful seed necessary bacteria 'The market is more inde- 0 ., many arguments, here is what 1 feel sorry fur farmers. So rj r C. E. Cavincss said on this 'subject in the last issue of the ! Arkansas Farm Research pub- catalogue:, and icad ads on how to get rich quick, o many ads arc misleading, not outright false. „„ North Mississippi County far- H ca tj on: mers nerd to increase their soybean yields if at all possi- • t . oybcan bie. So here's one of the ads'" that one of our fanners will have to evaluate. It say s: "Proof positive! It pays to ino And to further strengthen pendent of e™™^*™, . ,.„. <_ ....._, than at anv time since UM. culale soybeans with nitrogen- fixing bacteria." It goes on to say, "Out of 832 plantings with inocuhnl all but one yielded more soybeans than the check planting without inoc- ••When properly nodulated, .jybcan roots may derive much of (lie nitrogen needed by the plant through fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. The bacteria in the nodules convert nitrogen from the air into a form usable by the plant. Recent research at Iowa State University indicates Hint under ideal conditions nodulating bac- ine cnecK mauung \viiiium muu . ulant." Now, the question our tcria may supply the equ.va about 70 pounds of ier than at any Cotton and tobaccu still have burdensome surpluses which keep markets ''own some. Tins is true for cotton even though much of the surplus- is known to be of a poor spinnable quality. A few million bales of any type cotton even though of poor quality reduced the demand for cotton in general. whether the surplus is in storage by the farmer, the merchant, or the government. According to data listed in the Staple Cotton Grower Official Organ, there were on Dec. 12, 7.5 million bales 1 1/32 inch or shorter and 700,000 bales County? We don't Kiink so. Our expcr- ,l )ldnls ' e on . -Proper nodulaticn may be ac- ience has been that incoulation jcomplished by bacteria already is no longer, necessary on North Mississippi soils. We think every acre in North Mississippi County is already inoculanted. present in the soil or by com mercial inoculum added to the seed before planting. Research Illinois showed there was Twenty, thirty, and forty years good survival of nodulating bac- : 1_»_J ~ n .,Unrt»r< 4nr>!*i in cnilc flint Vinrt nfli ffTOWH but it is believed that loss than 100,000 bales of the uncatalogued cot'on stocks are 1 1/16 inch or longer. SOYBEAN MARKET The soybean market has not been as strong as many people believed it would be a few months ago. No one knows what to expect but we all know that the market is about 40 cents per bushel below the price offered last summer. On Dec. 1, there were 705,740,000 bushels on hand for processing, export and carryover. This compares to 624,885,000 bushels on Dec. 1,1964 or 80,855,000 bushels more in 1666 than was on hand on Dec. 1, 1965. The demand is holding up reasonably well because of the stronger demand for protein oods and feed and the remarkably good demand for oil. Much of the demand is also caused by cotton seed. Farmers grew about five mil- ion fewer bales of cotton in 1966 han in 1965. The five million lales of cotton furnished about 2,000,000 tons of cotton seed in 1965 which were not available in 1966. What will happen to the price on the local marRet' for soy- jeans is anyone's guest, but on :he basis of reported supplies ;he prospects for a sharp rise in price is slim unless speculation or war needs drives the price upward. ago we inoculated soybeans frequently, in order to get the bacteria 'started. Since then, through flood waters, cultiva- teria in soils that had not grown a crop of soybeans in 13 years. Similar results were reported in North Carolina and Missis inroucn noou waters, uuuvii- in nunu vjmwima <m u JTU*>.»W — i t tion and soybean rotation, wclslppi. After 12 years of conttn-, lar to those on inoculated plots uous cotton production in North Carolina, soybean yields on noninoculated plots were simi- Forest Industry To Reach 50 Million Dollars By 1975 By 1975 the value of Arkansas' forest industry should show new growth of $50 million. This is the report of the forestry leaders in a DART planning conference held recently by the Ag- ricultrual Extension Service of Their combined payroll I* more than $150 million. The manufactured products of the wood-using industries are valued at $500 million a y«ar l.o.b. mill. The leaders feel that an In- I ii:uiu uai i^Aitiioiuu ui-i YI^V> «» the University or Arkansas, say I crease in the value of the forest industry can be accomplished I C. A. Vines, director. The leaders recognized that 1 timber will continue to play an important part in the economic growth and development of Ar_ kansas. In 1965, the 20.8 million acres of commerical forestland, owned by 150,00ir individuals and companies, produced 2.1 million cords of pulpwood and 1.2 billion board feet of saw- logs. These m a j o r products, C along with the minor products, had a value delivered to the mills of approximately $120 million. Today, with Arkansas' recent expansion in industry, the 852 wood-using industries still employ 40 per cent of the state's total manufacturing labor force. Wood-using industries, such as lumber, plywood, furniture, and paper production, provide jobs in the woods, mills, and fac- tries for 75,000 workers. through a program which would crops with the most intensive effort being made on the mosl productive lands. Improvement of timber stands should continue in order to build the forest inventory and to improve the quality of both pine and hardwood species. Further, educational programs which would increase UUUUgll cl JJlUglcull ITHH-ll ,Tuit'" e .-...~ --- 1I1K I'rtlljlela IdA UUlUe 1C improve the level of forest the timberland owner s know- wr jtt en by the Agricultural E* management IhrouKTiout the in- ledge and understanding of the ( ens j on service and nrinted b\ management throughout the industry. The committee rcgo- nized that the average acreage burnd by wildfire in the past six years was 119,000 acres annually. The fire losses may be grouped into three major causes: (1) incendiarism, (2) careless debris burning, and (3) careless smokers. Some of the committee also felt that tlio fire arson law should be strengthened. The concensus was that a reduction in the acres lost from wildfire could be further reduced through an educational program Form Tax Guide Still Available By BO GIBSON Associate County Extension Agent TRANSFERRED -Gene Lowrey, associate county extension agent for Mississippi County, is being transferred to the associate agent's position in Yell County and will be stationed at Dardanelle. The appointment is effective Jan. 3, subject to the approval of the president of the University of Arkansas. Luxora Sets Farm Classes The Luxora High School Agriculture Department will hold a series of adult classes on cotton and soybean production. The first meeting will be Monday night Jan. 23 at 6:30 in the agriculture building. The subjects to be discussed are farm records, pre-emerage and post - emerge chemicals, Council Seeks Allowances For State Cotton Farmers The Agricultural Council of t The fact that the present cotton ••-"•—' program does nothing to discourage continued production of such cotton also perturbs Ar kansas growers," the letter Arkansas, headquarters in West Memphis, has acted to protect farmers of the state in two mat- ;ers of importance, according to Cecil Williams Jr., executive vice president of the organiza- ;ion. Williams said he has written officials of the U. S. Department of Agriculture about toe iremiums and discounts for the various grades of cotton and about bagging materials for cotton bales. In a letter to the Commodity stated. i x * Previously, tfie council had gone on record as favoring a cotton price structure that re- 'weight of bagging and ties* on the basis of charging off 21 pounds to the covering materials. If the materials actually weigh less, though, the standard deduction has the effect of charging off a few pounds of actual cotton as i( it were bagging. Ff three pounds of cotton are thus cil requested USDA to go ahead Credit Corporation the council;on announced plans to require asked that higher, more desir- better, heavier bagging for cot- able grades of cotton, such as ' L ~'~~ ™~- '- -—' oroduced in Arkansas, be award jdapremiumto encourage grades of cotton Present prices are set up to allow much lower grades of cotton to be sold for almost as much as the high- quality kinds. "Arkansas farmers have long been deeply concerned about the large amount of poor quality, short • staple cotton contained in CCC (surplus) stocks. cuuon price suuuiuie mat ic- n...-- i - . fleets the actual market value I lost by being assumed to be m of the fiber, with reasonable re-1 foe 21 pounds charged for bag- wards being paid to producers,ging, the farmer may lose up of Arkansas - quality cotton. I to 70 cents per bale. In the other action the coun-| In addition the lightweight, " open - weave coverings allow dirt and other foreign matter to contaminate the cotton and hurt the area's reputation with cotton tradesmen throughout the world. The council told the Secretary however, that the group favors letting overstocked ginners dispose of any lightweight materials still on hand. After thesa surplus materials are used, though, the council suggested that all bales in the future be covered with the closely woven, heavy bagging. ton bales. Plans to postpone the effective date of the heavy, more protective bagging were protested in a letter to Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman. Some of the present, lightweight materials not only fail to 'protect Arkansas cotton in world commerce, but they also penalize the grower. This penalty occurs when standard trade deductions are made for Soil Tests Encouraged At this time of year many of chemical equipment and cali- you are having trouble figuring your income tax. Income tax for farmers must be paid by February 15. Are your records in such a manner that it is hard to separate repairs and other farm expenses so they can be reported to your best advantage? Can you take your farm records and analyze them to help you plan for your coming crop year? If the answer to any or all of the above questions is yes, then we have material in our office that should help. The supply of income tax management for farmers has been exhausted, but we still have several copies of the Income Tax Guide for Farmers in our office. The Farmers Tax Guide is irations, insect control cotton and soybean varieties, cultural practices for planting and cul- ;ivation, equipment care and maintenance, fertilizer selec- maintenance and equipment James Permenter will be in ;harge of classes. The public is invited. along with strengthening of the | lands. value of timber products should continue so that the owner will receive the highest value for the products harvested. As timber management becomes more intensive, timberland owners must increase the use of practices Involved in insect and disease control. The committee recognized that a study of taxation is needed and that further training facilities for workers are needed, along with a greater effort to raise the level of forest manag- ment on absentee ownership arson laws. They also feel that reforestation of timberlands should be continued and consideration should be given to the potential of the site for producing tree The results of this DART (Developing Arkansas' Resources Today - Tomorrow) task group will now be taken to the producing counties for analyzing and additional fact finding. State Ranks High in Poultry Representatives from the Arkansas poultry industry in Project DART forecast farm val- us of poultry and poultry products to $764.2 million by 1975, says C. A. Vines, director, University of Arkansas Agricultural Extension Service. "The group, composed of representatives of poultry growers, processors, feed manufacturers and primary breeders, met as part of DART to analyze the situation and future trends of poultry in Arkansas and in the nation. The group recognized that realistic planning would be necessary by all segments to reach this goal. "This project was based on an increasing world population that would require an increase in food production. Arkansas is ideally situated for the production of poultry and poultry products," Vines pointed out. The combined farm value of poultry and eggs in Arkansas during 1965 was $241.2 million. Arkansas now ranks second nationally in the production of An increase in boiler production from 320 million in 1965 to 515.3 million in 1970 and 829.9 million in 1975 is possible. This would be an increase from $143 million in 1965 to $289 million in 1970 and $551 million by 1975. Eggs are expected to increase from 2.3 billion with a value of $73.« million in 1965 to 3.1 bil- lion with a value of $136 million by 1970 and 4.2 billion with a value of $158 million by 1975. _ Turkey production will increase from 4.7 million, with value of $19 million in 1965, to 7.7 million and value of $33 million by 1970 and 12 million with a value of $53 million by 1975. * * * The potential for use of feed grain such as corn and grain sorghum was also recognized. The poultry industry is presently using more than one million tons of feed grain annually. With only slightly over six million acres of the 16 million acres of cropland in Arkansas being harvested annually, farmers might consider this growing need for feed grain in the future. Cpnsumer education and marketing must increase as production increases, DART leaders said. It was pointed out that 80 per cent of the eggs are consumed nationally at breakfast. More and varied uses of eggs must be adopted by the consum Further processing of poultry is needed to make it more convenient for the consumer. Turkeys are presently being offered in more desirable forms so as to be used the year round by consumers. The growing poultry industry ., $80 million for new poultry housing not counting the investment in additional processing plants, hatcheries, and feed manufacturing plants. Financing must be made available and used in a sound expansion program, the leaders urged. Increased costs of production will require efficiency of production as well ass an increase in the selling price of poultry and poultry products. Since a large part of poultry is produced under contract, incentive payments must be designed to award the more efficient growers. All segments of the Industry must be allowed a fair return on their investment and labor. The rate of return will govern the number of young or new farmers that come into the industry in the future. Poultry and poultry products accounted for 65 per cent of the farm value of livestock and related products in 1965. This rapid increase indicates that poultry is important to the agricultural economy of the state. With the cooperation of all groups and agencies, the goal of $764 million can be reached b y 197S. This is DART — Developing Arkansas' Resources Today- Tomorrow — for a better Arkansas. The Arkansas Agricultural Extension Service intends to focus its resources on help- .ension Service and printed by the Internal Revenue Service. This book will be useful to all farmers this year because of detailed discussions of several changes in effect on income laws. Most of these changes apply to taxpayers generally, and they are particularly important to farmers. Some of the changes in internal revenue laws are: 1. Investment credit; 2. carry-over; 3. accelerated depreciation prohibition; 4. gain on depreciable property and others. Many fanners may hold their tax liability to a minimum by securing a copy of the tax guide and reading up on the changes and regulations. This will also help in reviewing the overall tax procedure. The new "F a r m e r s Tax Guide" is now available in the County Extension Office. This type of educational program for farm operators is conducted by the Agricultural Extension Service cooperating with the Internal Revenue Service. If you are interester in one of the new guides you may request it by mail or come by the Extension Office and pick one up. Some of the guides are placed in banks, gins and seed dealer buildings in Blymeville, Dell, Leachville, and Manila. Read Courier News Classifieds By JIM WALLACE Assistant County Agent In a few weeks after the soil thaws out some of you farmers might have some spare time. We in the County Agent's Office believe a good way to use it would be to take soil samples^ The soil testing program is one of the most valuable contributions that the University of Arkansas has available for farmers. The University has two modern soil testing facilities, one at Fayetteville and the other at Marianna station. If you haven't been using the program or if it's time to test again (soil should be tested at least every three years), here are some things to remember while taking your sample: 1. Before you begin taking the sample, it would be a good idea to draw a sketch showing the different fields. Number each field. 2. Then sample each field separately as follows: Scrape off surface organic matter. Use the soil testing probe (available at the county agent's office) to take the sample as deep as you ably also has probes available. If you do not- have access to a probe, dig a V-shaped hole and take a one-inch slice to plow depth. 3. Probes should be made at least one place per acre covering the entire field. Place individual cores in a bucket. Mix the soil thoroughly. Remove about one pound for laboratory use and label with field number. Repeat on the rest of your fields. Bring the samples to the County Agent's office. Be prepared to give information concerning number of acres, soil texture, internal drainage, cropping history for two years, fer- plow the. fields. Your gin prob-1 use. tilizer used and plans for future will require an outlay »( rough- ing reach this goal. Seed Dealers Meet Sunday The Arkansas Seed Dealers' Association's silver anniversary convention will convene Jan. 22nd, 23rd, and 24th at the Hotel LaFayette, Little Rock. Shelby Simpson, seed dealers president, has a program planned and hopes this meeting will be one of the most progressive, profitable, and pleasurable one of this organization. Registration starts at 2:30 p.m. Sunday, Jan. 23rd in the hotel lobby. Board of directors meeting will be at 3 p.m. . Although an agent for the German government, Mata Hari, famous spy ol World War I, 'was Dutch-born. ON;T FENCE ME our. ,» 'mate.^M^ -A il,M!k.»Jt f, .»,»•< j. *». — <-- \ - ' -* < x If you don't help your school officials open recreationareas nights, weekends and during the summer, nobody else will. Blytheville Courier News

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