The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 13, 1967 · Page 5
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January 13, 1967

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 5

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, January 13, 1967
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sii - Blythevfllj (Ark.) CaurHr K«wi - VtUy, January ». W*_ FARM NEWS Review and Forecast Ma loch Says By D. V. Maloch County Agent Recommended cotton varieties in 1967 will be essentially the same as 1966. For Missis* ippi County Stoneville 7A, Stoneville 213, Deltapine 45, Del- tapine Smoothleaf and Hex Smoothie*! will continue on the recommended list for 1967. • Other varieties that are good but appear to be less popular according to acreage planted are Hale JS, Auburn M. Carolina Queen and Dixie King. The recommended varieties have remained «t the tip of the list for years and each his a strong poing In Its favor. For example, Stoneville TA over a 10 year period has been at the top of the list or near it in total pounds of lint produced. The staple length is reasonably good and the micro- naire about average for cottons grown in this area. Stoneville 213 Is a little earlier tSian Stoneville 7A but Is slightly less tolerant to Vertlclfllum Wilt. The 7A variety continues to rank as one of the best varieties in Verticillium Wilt tolerance. Rex Smoothleaf is one of the earlier cottons but the yield per acre has been slightly below the yield of Stoneville 7A, Deltapine 45 and D e 11 a p I n e Smoothleaf over a 10 year period. The Rex Smoothleaf is a little shorter in staple length than the Deltapine and Stoneville strains but it has, on an average for Mississippi County, a very acceptable micronaire reading. As a rule however, all of the cottons recommended have in the past been In the acceptable micronaire range. Annual Cotton Meeting The annual cotton meeting for South Mississippi County will be conducted in Osceola Feb. 16. 9:30 a.m. to about 3:30 p.m. with an hour off for lunch. We expect to have assistance In presenting the program on weed control, variety reports, the use of chemicals for weed control and other phases of the total cotton production program. Because of new wage and hour legislation the total farm management aspect of cotton production will receive special attention. Skip Row Planting The acreage planted in skip row patterns - four in and four out • In 1966 was the largest ever planted In South Mississippi CAunty. Because of the rains and other weather hazards the skips were hard to keep dean and a number of farmers who used skip row in 1966 plan to drop the method in 1967. Others who have been uslnj skip row for several years will likely maintain the practice because it is one way to step up cotton yield about 25 per ceni under average conditions. PRODUCTIVE HELD that has been planted in com continuouslyfoi'the past M years ,veraged230 62 bushels per acre for Frank Else, of Green Castle, Mo, Ms ^st harvest season. Perfect rains and generous applications of fertilizer contributed to this year's success, Elsea noted. Experiment Results Cited By Jim Wallace Assistant County Agent Maxie Taylor, director of Reiser Experimental Station presented the program thls'BO pounds per acre. Addition of week to the Leachvllle Agricul- u < ""~ "" " n '""'< ! He presented some yields being hurt by frosts. Bragg has some promise and is due some more study. Davis continues to produce »u pum.^ ,, c , a,i«. „ good yields on the heavy soils phosphorous above SO pounds I at Reiser. This bean is recom- of A. research plots at Manila, Nitrogen at rates from 0 to 120 pounds per acre was used on cotton. The optimum rate was --— „- ^ re Q U U He presented sunic A few of the growers who O j tne most recent information will likely use skip row planting "->—"- -< are Charles Ryals, John A. Ed- , . rington, P. D.Johnson, Moore Bros, and Henry Battle. The low yields in 1966 from all methods left the increase from skip row at only a small advantage but in most cases there was some improvement even though it was smaller than normal. If a person plans to plant his cotton on the 1966 skipped rows he should reduce the nitrogen fertilizer by one • third. This will help to limit stalk or vegetative growth and encourage more early fruiting. The rainfall for the past three years in Osceola according to Allen Harmon was as follows: 1964 - 57.87 inches; 1965 - 46.50 inches; 1966 - 46.62 inches. The average for the years was 50.26 inches. three Allen keeps up witti the rain guage and keeps a dally record We feel certain that this will vary at each location where records are kept even though the distance between gauges Is only a few miles. Complete Records Are Tax Benefit available from the University of Arkansas. This information is In no way a recommendation, but very valuable food for thought. Having attended, I'd like to share with you some of his comments. First, it is recognized that labor is getting scarce and expensive. We need herbicides that require as little additional hoe time as possible to keep the crop clean. On the station the answer was Treflan Incorporated followed by use of the flame cultivator later in the season. This practice required 4.9 man hours per acre hoe time to keep the crop clean. Other practices ranged up to almost nine hours hoe time per acre. Another test involved the use of Demosan (fungicide), Thimet (insecticide), and Treflan (herbicide). No real yield differences were noted with any single treatment or combination. The Thimet treated plots looked letter. Thrips were controlled to sixteen weeks. These plots grew faster and quicker, but yields were not affected. The only advantage of the this control might be in that post - emerge treatments can begin earlier because the plants grow up faster. By BO GIBSON Associate County Extension Agent Farm records are important for many reasons. Each year at this time many farmers find themselves in a frustrating situation. Income tax time has rolled around again and caught them with no accurate systematic records with which to do this important job. They begin searching for old receipts, running to the seed stores, fertilizer dealers and other places where they have done business during the past year. This could have been prevented by a small amount of time spent on a simple set of farm records during the year. A good set of farm records can be one of the most important tools found on the modern-day farm and can make just as important a contribution to farm income as a farm tractor or other piece of mechanical equipment. The Internal Revenue Service does not say what kind of a record book to use, but requires that a farmer keep r ec o r d s which will enable him to accurately prepare an income tax return. sources. Some of these receipts may be excludable from gross income. Reclpts from sale of capital items are handled under the capital gains provision. So, again it is important that the record system provide a means of grouping receipts by categories. A depreciation schedule. The cost of machinery, equipment, buildings and other items with a useful life of more than one year is a capital expenditure and may not be deducted as an ana may not ue ueuuuieu aa au —— i > ' expense on the year of purchase. I zoning and planning commis- However, a reasonable allow- sions, highway engineers, city per acre did not increase yields. There was no yield difference resulting from the use of lime. But we shbuld note that lime was not called for in the soil test. Taylor discussed cotton varieties in some detail. 1966 was not a typical cotton year. The early maturing varieties had the best yields this year. But five-year averages would still put our commonly used verities on top. * * * Two new varieties, McNair 1032 and Coker 413, causing considerable interest among farmers and buyers were discussed. McNair 1032, an early maturing variety had the top yields on sandy soils .at Manila. But the .yields from this variety were down on clay soils. Causing more interest among iarmers was the Coker 413 variety. This variety has never Deen an outstanding yielder in the university's tests, only average. But mills like it and are willing to pay a premium for it. It may be oversold, seed [mended for the heavy soils where phytophora root rot is a problem. The Pickett variety released for sandy soils where soybean cyst nematodes are a problem didn't do so well on the heavy soils at Reiser. The two varieties, Pickett and Davis, do well under the conditions for which they were developed, but when planted under other circumstances leave much to be desired. Since so much wheat is grown here, farmers want to know what varieties of beans to plani after the wheat. The university recommends the later maturity varieties, for example, Lee and Ogdon. Why does the early maturing variety like Hill do so well? The university doesn't know It shouldn't, but it does. In another test Di Nitro was used to see if it hurt the soybean yields. On this particular test it didn't. It was applied at three different times. Directly over the top a cracking, and as a directed spray at later times. The Di Nitro controlled By Keith .1. Bilbrey County Extension Agent Farmers are much disturbed hat detailed regulations are 6t yet available on the new 'age and hour law as it applies i farm labor. This irritation is understand- ble, because the law goes in- effect Feb. 1. Lab6r agree- lents for most farmers should ave been made long ago. This office has not yet re- eived any official information n the subject that we can pass n to farmers. Glen Cook of Dell, one 6f the many farm leaders in this area, as made quite a study of the lew law. He was carried On an xtensive correspondence with he U. S. Department of LabOr n Little Rock If you have detailed qiies- ions you wish to present, may suggest you write to Bill D. juse, Field Officer Supervisor, J.S. Department of Labor, 3527 Federal Building, Little Rock, Arkansas 72201. * * * Cook tells me that the best nd most extensive statement vritten so far on the provision f the minimum wage bill for agriculture was written by the tmerican Farm Bureau Fed- iration and published in the ^arm Bureau Official Newslet- er dated Sept. 26, 1966. I re- jeat some of the more impor- «nt provisions of the law as written and published by the 'arm Bureau last fall: prices are high. In a fewjmany cockleburr and morning years the price of seed will'glories in the test. But some probably be comparable with other varieties. In the Reiser soybean variety test, Bragg had the top yields for the second year in a row. This is a late maturing variety land not recommended for this "OW UP laSlCr, 1 "I"- 1 UVt i ct-uir.iuii'iiuV'U l "> «*"M In a fertilizer test on the U. [area because of the danger of farmers at the meeting told o: failure with its use. Again, these comments are not recommendations. They ar the latest information availabl from the experiment station the Northeast Experiment Sta tion in particular. Soil Survey Maps Available by Nelse Robertson Work Unit Conservationist Soil Conservation Service An important change in our society in recent years has been the tremendous growth of urban communities. This expansion into rural areas lias caused many problems and most of these problems are related to the nature of the soils in the area. Land planners, realtors, ance can be deducted each year for the exhaustion, wear, and obsolescence of such property. A depreciation schedule is a list of such property showing when it was acquired, Its cost, expected life arid amount of depreciation claimed in past years. This schedule la very important since depreciation can be claimed only in the year allowable and once passed up is gone. Inventories for the beginning and ending of the year if reporting on the accrual basis. This is a record of all items on and state officials are using the soils map to meet these problem. The system used should show hand which are held for sale or ttie following: use ' A list of all expenditures for the year and what they are for. Unless expenses are recorded at the time they are incurred or paid some may be overlooked or forgotten. One overlooked item could cost more in extra tax dollar*. Expenses for capital items should be kept separately so the cost of these item can be set up on a depreciation schedule. Also expenses for items bought for resale such as feeder cattle are kept separately and reported only for me year in which the cattle are sold If reporting on a cash basis. A list of all receipts for the year and what they are for. A farmer may receive cash or ether property from many It includes: farm products (whether raisea or purchased), all livestock raised or purchased and held primarily for sale, supplies, and livestock held for draft, dairy or breeding purposes if not capitalized and set up in the depreciation schedule. The inventory must be by actual count or measurement and should show all the factors that enter into ill valuation. The Agricultural Extension Service and the Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology of the University of Arkansas have developed a farm record book specifically dtdgned for keeping records for use in income tax add social Mcurity reporting. This book U of the soil resources of an area. It provides valuable information 'or the wise use of land. The Soil Conservation Service and Agricultural Experiment Sta- : tion cooperate in making soil I surveys which include mapping,! research and interpretation of the soil maps. The Agricultural Extension Service and Bureau of P u b 1 i c Roads test and collect informa- available in our office. The expense anr receipts' sections are set up with the| items classified exactly a they are entered on income tax form. It contains a depreciation schedule and inventory section to meet income tax requirements. A summary page makes provisions for summarizing expenses and receipt for each month during the year and at tho end of the book there are illustrated instructions on how, to transfer figures from the rec-1 ord book to the actual income' tax forms. A good way to avoid all the last minute confusion and rush when income tax time rolls. around next year would be to I obtain one of these record | books from your County Agricultural Extension Office and use. it during W67. tion about soils and inform the i County Soil and Water Conser public of mis knowledge. vation District have copies o • -- - S uch maps in their conserva tion plans. Variations in the soil can b found in short distances, sue as over a single city lot. So problem encountered may b related to depth to underlyin material.flooding, drainage, o shrinking and swelling. Many cities and. towns hav been built on the floodplain of streams; many soils have high content of clays that shrinl when dry and expand when we This may cause doors and win dows to jam, and walls, cei amount of clay or sand. All co- ings and floors to crack. B operators of the Mississippi' checking the soil maps, (Sies There are three major kinds of soil maps available. A General Soil Map of Arkansas was prepared in 1959, showing major soil resource areas with brief descriptions, A General County Soil Map for each county in Arkansas has been completed and is available in the local Soil Conservation Service office. Detailed soil maps are on file in the 'SCS office. These maps show detailed analysis of soil characteritics such a texture, | structure, permeability, mois- A'soll survey is an inventoryjture capacity, acidity and . ,1. _ __:T _r -« »~ An ! amount, hi rlav or satlCL All CO- Announcement Hardy Sales and Service has been selected by Atkins Phelps to be a franchisee! dealer for "RING AROUND COTTON SEED" in the Blytheville trade area. We, at Hardy Sales and Service strive to bring to you, our customers, the latest in farm Chemicals, farm machinery and now the latest thing in cotton seed, Ring Rround! To be sure you get the variety of cotton seed you want in Ring Around. . .Please place your order with us now. Feel free to call on us with any of your chemical, machinery or seed problems. Remember, wt offer service to you and it comes free with any of th« products we sell! Hardy Sales & Service 705 Clear Lake Avt. Ph. PO 3-6978 New Wage Hour Guidelines Listed iroblems could be avoided. Soil surveys can be of assi- ance in evaluating the engineering properties or soils in he developemtn of residential, cultural or recreational uses. They are valuable in determin- ng limitations for sewage, dis- losal systems, urban and agricultural system and founda- ion for buildings and struc- ures. Planning commissions find hese maps useful in zoning and sub-division layout. They are an aid in electing pipeline locations, highway and airport onstruction They are valuable n locating potential sources of opsoil, sand and other mineral esources. They help determine soils suitable for flowers, hurb and lawn. Farm Workers The minimum wage for farm workers employed by covered farmers will be $1.00 per hour after Feb. 1; $1.15 an hour after Feb. 1, 1968; and $1.30 an hour after Feb. 1, 1969. What Farmers Are Covered? | A farmer will be covered if irt any quarter of the preceding calendar year he "used" BOO man-days of labor on his farm. If a man works one hour or more in a day, this will be considered a man-day. In determining the number of man-days, the following will be excluded: (1) A parent, spouse, child, or other member of the farmer's immediate family; (2) A worker employed in hand harvest on a piece rate basis (if customary in the area) if he commutes daily from his permanent residence and was employed in agriculture less than 13 weeks In the preceding calendar year. A farmer who uses less than 500 man-days, as defined, is not covered by the bill, except for the child labor provisions as summarized below: Exempt Workers On Covered Farms Even though a farmer is covered, some Of his workers may be exempt. The following groups of workers are not covered even though employed by a covered farmer: (1) A parent, spouse, child, or other member of the farmer's immediate family. (2) A worker employed in hand harvest on a piece rate basis (if customary in the area) if he commutes daily from his permanent residence and was employed in agriculture less than 13 weeks in the preceding calendar year. (3) A worker 16 years of age or less, employed in hand harvest on a piece rate basis (if cutomary in the area) who works on the same farm as his parent (s) and is paid the Over 16 on the same farm. Record Keepsag The Department of Labor will probably issue detailed provisions relating to the records that must be kept by covered farmers to (1) show compliance with the wage requirements of the Act; (2) to show how the 500-man- days was determined (in a borderline case if exemption is claimed); and (3) to provide evidence with respect to the basis for exemption of workers on covered farms. Many covered fanners will be required to maintain more [detailed payroll records than they may have k6pt in the past, including: (1) The time each, worker starts and stops, morning and afternoon. (2) The calculation of gross earnings on a weekly basis. (3) Deductions from gross earnings for housing, meals, etc. (4) Net earnings on a weekly basis. Many farmers who are not covered by the law will have to keep detailed records in order to prove he is not covered. Farm Workers And Overtime There are no requirements that covered workers must be paid time and a half after 40 hours in a week. Allowance For Housing, Etc. The following excerpt from the Fair Labor Standards Act provides (and this was not changed by the 1966 revisions) that housing, meals, etc. furnished the worker without charge are part of his wage. Presumably reasonable valuations assigned by farmers for board, lodging, or other facilities will be acceptable until regulations pertaining to such matters-are issued. What the term "other facilities" may be considered to include is undetermined. . Sharecroppers Under the bill, sharecroppers are considered to be farm workers: If they are on a farm of a covered employer, they must be paid the minimum wage. Both the House and Senate reports on the bill contain i lengthy sections endeavoring to define who is a sharecropper, and therefore covered, and a tenant who is not covered. The major distinction is this: if the tenant makes the day-today decisions as to what and when to plant and harvest, the purchase of supplies, the sale agreement decisions, he is an In[ dependent operator, and is not covered. umew.. BLYTHeVILLt COURIER NEWS

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