The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 9, 1967 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, January 9, 1967
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BLYTHEVnXE COURIER NEWS VOL. 62—NO. 248 BLYTHEVILLB, ARKANSAS (72315); MONDAY, JANUARY 9, 1967 TIN CENTS 10 PAGES TANK STOPPER - Antitank missile makes an enemy tank a sitting duck, though' it may be traveling at top speed more than a mile away. Hits in tests have been scored on targets moving' at 30 m.p.h. The gunner draws a bead with his telescopic sight and holds the crosshair on the target while under cover of protective riflemen. The missile is automatically guided to the spot at which the sight is aimed. Legislature Assembles By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS LITTLE ROCK (AP) — The Arkansas General Assembly organizes for its 66th biennial session today in a prelude to inauguration Tuesday of the state's first Republican governor since Reconstruction. The 1967 session starts al noon. Within an hour the Senate is expected to elect Sen. Q. Byrum Hurst of Hot Springs as its president pro tempore and the House is expected to elect Rep. Sterling Cockrill of Little Rock as speaker. Then both houses will set a joint session Tuesday for retir- Dateline J a n. 9 TOKYO (AP) — Japan's ma jor political parties decided today not to hold campaign television debates for the Jan. 29 elections because Prime Minister Eisaku Sato's party objects Jo including the Communists. A spokesman for Sato's Liberal Democratic party said the Communists oppose "true parliamentary democracy." The debates had been suggested by the Socialist party. The election campaign got under way officially Sunday with more than 900 candidates competing for 486 seats in the ruling lower house. It will be the first test for Sato's government at the polls since he became prime minister two years ago, and he is expected to win despite charges of corruption in his government, the high cost of food, transportation and other urban problems. Sato's party has governed Japan ever since the war and had a comfortable majority of 72 in the last house. • QARA. Yemen (AP) - More than 125 persons were killed and another 120 critically injured Saturday when Soviet-made H- yushin bombers attacked royalist positions with gas bombs at Katarf in North Yemen, royalist sources have charged. The planes were assumed to be Egyptian. It was the third time in recent months the royalist forces have charged the republicans or their suppoters with a gas attack. • LONDON (AP) - Gold reserves of countries belonging to the International' Monetary Fund dropped last year because of largescale hoarding and the absence of Soviet gold from the sellers' market, a British dealer's report said today. The report by Mocatta and Goldsmid, bullion dealers in the Hambros Brank Group, also predicted "another interesting year •for the London gold market" in 1967 because of French pressure to examine the position of gold in the international monetary system. The price of gold has remained at $35 an ounce since it was fixed there by the United States in 1934. But Finance Minister Michel Debre of France is reported ready to seek an increase in the price when finance ministers of the 10 leading industrial nations and members of the IMP meet in London later this month to discuss the growing shortage of world money supplies. ing Gov. Orval Faubus' farewell address and the swearing in of Gov. Winthrop Rockefeller. Faubus speech is scheduled for 10:30 a.m. Rockefeller will take the oath at 11 a.m. The governor-elect will depart from tradition and make his inaugural address at Robinson Auditorium at 1 p.m. The speech will be followed by a receitpion at the governor's mansion. Faubus plans to drive from the capitol to Huntsville, passing up the inauguration in which he has been the main figure since 1955. Another Republican, Maurice Britt, will be sworn in as lieutenant governor. Other constitutional officers who will take their oaths, all Democrats, are Atty. Gen. Joe Purcell, Secretary of State Kelly Bryant, Auditor Jimmie Jones, Land Commissioner Sam Jones and Treasurer Nancy Hall. Purcell will be taking office for the first time. The Joneses are starting their fifth terms, Mrs. Hall and Bryant their third terms. The serious work of legislating will be delayed at least until Wednesday. When lawmakers get down to work, they face a host of problems, not the least of which will be determining the working relationship with a Republican governor. There are only three Republicans in the legislature, all in the 100-member House. The 35 senators are Democrats. The toughest knot of the 60- day session is expected to be division of state revenues. Rockefeller has guaranteed generous allotments to the public school funds and welfare. Budget requests far exceed anticipated revenues in other areas. Rockefeller also has promised to move toward governmental and prison reform. He has in-! dicated he will proceed slowly I in these fields. The most bitter fights may come over side issues such as abolition of the death penalty and university status for Arkansas State College. Several legislators, prompted by Rockefeller's declaration of opposition to capital punishment, have said they will move for abolition. Law enforcement groups are geared to fight any such legislation. Arkansas State's desire for university status was a hot issue in the 1959 session and it could disrupt this legislature if the college's backers are willing to settle for "name only" university status and Rockefeller and other legislators are unwilling to give it to them. Little activity is expected in the tax field. Rockefeller h&s said flatly that he will not ask for any new taxes in this session. Legislators seldom look favorably on taxes without solid pressure from the executive branch. Gearing the state's educational machinery to its drive for industry may be difficult to implement although there is.gen- eral agreement on the need. Watch Those Vitamins! WASHINGTON (AP) - Dr. James • Goddard, commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, has warned that need lessly supplementing diets with vitamin pills can be harmful. In most eases, he said Sunday on the CBS radio and television program "Face the Nation," regular diets are sufficient to maintain health. "Overingestion of vitamins can cause hypervitaminosis," he said, adding that overinges- tion of vitamin D, for example, can cause congenital heart diseases. OPPOSITION TO MAO CAUSES CHAOS IN CHINA By JOHN RODERICK TOKYO (AP) - Opposition to Communist Chairman Mao Tse- tung's purge is producing widening chaos in Red China, with Shanghai reported paralyzed by strikes and street fighting, and Nanking apparently still held by anti-Mao forces. Reports of killing, torture and uprisings involving more than a milion persons in the past few days suggest China may be close to civil war. Japanese correspondents said half a million anti-Mao followers of vice premier and party propaganda chief Tao Chu wera converging on Nanking. Wall bulletins posted in Peking by Red Guards supporting Mao indicated that the discord had split Mao's Cultural Revolu- tion Committee organized ts direct the purge. They accused Tao Chu and Gen. Liu Chih- comittee and deputy director of the army's general political department, of forming a dissident group including Wang Jen- chung, another committee vice chairman and first secretary of the Communist South Central Bureau, and Chang Ping-hua. Tao Chu rose to power only four months ago as an apparent followers of Mao. The pro-Mao group was led by committee chairman Chen Pota, Mao's wife, Chiang Ching, and Kang Sheng. The posters accused Gen. Liu of destroying the purge in the armed forces and of issuing false orders that continued "white terror" in military schools after Mao had ordered the suppression of students ended. The mounting turmoil reportedly followed efforts by Mao and Defense Minister Lin Piao to extend the purge aimed at groups led by President Liu Shao-chi and Communist general secretary Teng Hsiao-ping into industries, the 21-million- member All China Federation of Trade unions and various party committees. President Liu has strong support in the labor federation and the party apparatus. In the northern port of Shanghai, China's largest city with more than eight million persons, strikes by thousands of anti-Red Guard workers known as the "Red Workers Corps" were reported to have paralyzed communications and production. The Peking People's Daily appealed to loyal workers to take emergency action against "reactionary elements" that "plotted to cut off water, electricity and paralyze transportation." It said "revolutionary rebel workers" were atempting to maintain factory production under difficult conditions. Mao and Lin Piao were reported to have gone from Peking to Shanghai late last month but reports of the strife suggested that the ciy was no longer a stronghold for Mao. Nanking, a city of more than one million and the former Chinese Nationalist capital, was reported by Red Guards Sunday to have been taken over by followers of President Liu and Vice Premier Tao. Viet War Problem To Bomb or Not to By BOB HORTON WASHINGTON (AP) -For 22 frustrating months, U.S. planes have bombed and strafed North Vietnam's roads, highways, bridges, railroads, secondary power plants, truck convoys, boats, barges and fuel storage facilities. Almost as quickly as the targets are hit, they are patched up, replaced, bypassed, pluged up, restocked, overhauled or dicarded. Unlike World War II, when the allied goal was to crush the Germans and Japanese, the objective of the current campaign is to stop, or at least curtail, the flow of troops and equipment into South Vietnam, convince the Hanoi government that' a military victory is beyond its reach, and thus impel the Communists to accept repeated invitations to negotiate peace terms. To that end, the United States has expended 455 aircraf at a cost of more than half a billion dollars, spent air munitions at the rate of $2,000 a minute around the clock, and lost 200 to 300 airmen. There is some evidence that delivery of supplies and weapons to Communist forces in the field has been reduced by the bombing, but in their larger objective the raids have failed. —Infiltration of troops into South Vietnam has increased; in fact, the rate actually has almost doubled, to 8,800 a month. —The North Vietnamese government has rejected all overtures to negotiate, and shows little, if any, indication of changing its mind. —The raids have generated worldwide criticism of the United Slates on a steadily ascending scale, fueled by North Vietnamese charges 'that planes have deliberately bombed civilian areas—an accusation vehemently denied by the Defense Department. What the raids have achieved in hampering enemy operations is pure guesswork. But military men, and many congressional leaders, believe strikes aimed at disrupting supply and transportation facilities have reduced by 50 per cent the amount of war materials delivered to Communist forces in South Viet nam. Military men believe a supply shortage is the main reason for the declining scale of enemy unit actions. The Communists have not launched a big offensive since 1965. Interrogation of captured Viet Cong guerrillas and North Vietnamese regulars also shows the Communists fear sudden bombing more than any other U.S. tactic. Ah- attacks are regarded as the most effective weapon for sapping enemy morale. Lack of clear-cut success, however, has created deep-seated uneasiness among congressmen and some military men. This anxiety has spawned two debates within the government. One matches President Johnson's administration and congressional proponents of bombing aainst those who advocate that the raids be abandoned. The administration and its supporters believe the raids are imperative if the United States is to attain its political objectives: and a negotiated settlement. Those who want the bombing stopped, notably Chairman J. Fulbright of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, fear the raids eventually will draw Red China into the Bomb fighting and trap the United States in a major Asian land war. The other dispute is a sort of family squabble between the administration and supporters of the air raids. At issue is Johnson's policy of limiting the bombing targets. A group o£ influential congressmen and military men is demanding that the raids bs extended to primary targets, especially North Vietnam's major port, Haiphong. Until this is done, argues Chairman L. Mendel Rivers, D-S.C., of the House Armed Services Committee, "these people will think we ara kidding." The chairman of the Senate Preparedness subcommittee, Sen. John Stennis, D-, Mis., agrees. U.S. planes are unleashing bombs, rockets, misiles and bullets at the rate of 50,000 tons a month, almost matching the country's airborne firepower of World War II, and triple its rate in the Korean War. Congessional and military critics contend this formidable expenditure of munitions is being wasted on "cheap" tar- See VIET NAM on PageS A LOT AT STAKE Russia Watches Peking Battle By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Special Correspondent Moscow, with a great deal riding on the outcome, evidently expects Red China's power struggle to end soon in a .result ilasting any chance in the foreseeable future for. a Soviet- ihinese reconciliation. Communist bloc observers do not rule out thereafter the possibility of grave Soviet-Chinese ncidents, perhaps taking the -orm of deliberate Chinese provocations on Soviet borders. An indication of official Moscow thinking was provided in a ong article carried by Red Star, the Soviet Defense Ministry newspaper. Soviet soldiers, it said—as if preparing them for the outcome in Peking—"cannot fail to be shocked" at the dominant Chinese group's attitude toward the Soviet Union which "raises questions in the minds of Soviet servicemen." For a long time Moscow has carefully watched the struggle. Should the side headed by men like President Liu Shao-chi and the party general secretary, Ten Hsiao-ping, come out on top, there would be a chance of I healing some of the scar inflict!ed by the long Peking-Moscow feud. If the side headed by Defense Minister Lin Piao wins, the chances for Moscow-Peking cooperation would virtually evaporate. Too many bridges have been burned, too much has been said and done. It appears now that Communist observers see Lin Piao as the winner. They say it is not a question of who will win but when the issue will be finally decided. Some astute observers of the Peking scene say the decision is likely to come before the winter is out. The way the European and Soviet Communist observers see the China struggle, Lin Piao, claiming the support of party Chairman Mao Tse-tung and the right to interpret his "thinking," in reality heads a minority, but an extremely powerful one which soon, in effect, is likely to become the majority. This faction is attacking heavily at its opposition's stronghold —the ranks of the factory workers. President Liu and Secretary Teng have been strong in See RUSSIA on Page 3 MINING LOOKING UP—This mobile stairway designed for underground slope mining can extend itself 80 feet and rotate 360 degrees to pinpoint positioning of work crews. The stairway, built by Eaton Metal Products of Denver, can put operators and their equipment up near mine "face" areas to perform drilling, inspection, powder placement and various other mining and construction tasks. Rep. Powell's Days Numbered? By JACK MILLER WASHINGTON (AP) reckoning that could limit — or even end — the congressional career of Rep. Adam Clayton Powell begins today. The Harlem Democrat today faces an attempt to break his greatest grip on power, the chairmanship of the House Education and Labor Committee. And Tuesday, when the 90th Congress convenes, an attempt will be made to deny a seat to the swinging Negro, minister who has represented New York City's I8th District since 1945. Some of Powell's troubles have stemmed from failure to pay a $164,000 libel judgement. In New York, Powell faces a jail term on a contempt of court charge. A House committee recently probed Powell's activities as i to move that the committee on A | committees be instructed to committee charged he chairman deceptively and used official travel credit cards. Powell returned to Washington Sunday from a vacation in the Caribbean. Powell said he'd be ready to speak in his own defense when the first move against him is made. That's to come at the House Democrats caucus. Rep. Morris K. Udall, D-Ariz., has promised give Powell's chairmanship to Rep. Carl D. Perkins, D-Ky. House Speaker John W. McCormack Sunday night made an eloquent final appeal to a group of House Democrats for a plan to soften the blow against Powell. Instead of taking the chairmanship away from Powell outright, McCormack suggested, Powell would be asked to step aside temporarily while a special committee investigated charges against him. Members of the liberal Democratic Study Group reportedly were moved by McCormack's words. House Republican Leader Gerald R. Ford indicated support Sunday for the idea ttiat Powell be denied his seat as well as his chairmanship pending a special committee investigation. McCormack has pleaded with Powell to take care of the libel judgment. While his activities have incensed his critics, Powell has maintained that opponents are out to get him because he is a Negro. But Powell has his supporters too. Chief Ford Is Attacked A local man is in jail after attacking Chief of Police George Ford Jr. this morning. The assailant was identified by police as C. H. McCreary, ar McCreary. Harvey, last local address 208 West Davis, whose date of birth is given as Feb. 26, 1884. The incident occurred in the anteroom of the mayor's office. According to Ford, he walked into the office about 9 a.m. and noticed McCreary standing inside next to the door. Ford says he greeted McCreary and then proceeded toward the inner office. As he turned away from McCreary, continued Ford, he heard a sound behind him, and when he turned, saw McCreary swinging at him. Ford adds that he had to wrestle the man to the floor to subdue him. The chief says he did not strike McCreary because of his advanced age. Neither man was injured. McCreary had been reported See CHIEF on Page 3 Weather Forecast Partly cloudy and cold through Tuesday except not quite so cold tonight in north portions. Highs this afternoon 36 to 42. Lows tonight 16 to 22. Hlgha Tuesday in the 30s. Outlook Wednesday partly cloudy and cold. 'iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiililiiliiliiiliiiliiuiii*

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