The Times from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on May 19, 1889 · Page 11
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The Times from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania · Page 11

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WmJt.mmP;.M m - T9mm turn mm&aem mmmjpyps&i&rf&m jr - m v - THE TIMES PHILADELPHIA, ATT MOKN1NG, MAY 19, 1889. 11 SUNT) TOP OF EIFFEL TOWER. FRANCE'S GREAT FAIR Bound and About the Exposition Grounds in Paris Since the Opening. Everybody and his wife has gone to Paris to see the great exposition, which was opened with imposing ceremonies a short time ago and is now in complete running order, thongh here and there partly finished structures and nnopened cases of goods give evidence of the extreme haste with which it has been completed. A short time before the day fixed for the opening, President Carnot, accompanied by several officers and the chief executive of the exposition paid a visit to the uncompleted works in the Champ de Mars and made a careful inspection of the great buildings and workshops then in course of erection. The chief executive of the exposition, M. Charles Adolphe Alphand, is one - of the most distinguished men in France, and to him, perhaps, more than to any other one man is due the success which has thus far crowned the enterprise and the rapidity with which tho great exhibition halls have been erected. , M. Alphand was born at Grenoble in 1817 a:'d entered the Polytechnic School in 1835. Four years later he was sent to Bordeaux, where for fifteen years he superintended the building of bridges and railroads. In 1854 he was cnUed to Paris, where he was made chief engineer of the improvements then in progress in that city. During the Empire he hold successively all the chief offices which controlled the lighting, ornamentation, landscape gardening and public conveyances of the French capital. To this day the Champs Elysees and Bois de Boulogne owe much of their beauty to the skill and good taste of JI. Alphand. During the Exposition of 1867 he was put in charge of the important work of grading the Trocadero, in which he used the spare earth to improve the Champ de Mars. This work he conducted with incredible rapidity. After the 4th of September, 1870, he retained his office as Director of the Public Works of Paris, and was commissioned by the military commander to close the fortifications and organize an auxiliary corps to aid in the defense of the city. At the close of the war he was made, by a decree of M. Thiers, Director of Public Works, and at once set about destroying as rapidly as possible all traces of the two sieges and replanting the Bois de Boulogne with trees brought from the forests of Scnart and Fontainebleau. Although now in his sev enty - second year, his robust old age feared not the fatigues and anxiety of a new enter prise more gigantic than anything he had attempted before, namely, the exposition of 1889, and he threw himself into the work with extraordinary activity and a surprising fecundity of resource. Of course the Eiffel tower is the most con - spicnous feature of the exposition. The platform, which rests on the base, will be used as a cafe, and there will also be a print ing office and a number of small stores here. It will cost one dollar to make the ascent to this platform and five dollars to go to the top of the tower, one thousand feet in the air. The cost of the whole structure is over a million dollars, and at the close of the exposition it will become the property of the French Government, who will keep it open the year round for the benefit of those who wish to obtain the matchless view of Paris and the surrounding country which it affords. Already tho French people are beginning to talk about the uses to which this tower could be put in case of war, but it is hardly probable that any one would care to venture np the elevators if the German shells were flying about. It is impossible to convey an adequate idea of the beauty and size of the buildings in which the exposition will be held. Perhaps none of them are more imposing than the greatcentraldoraeof the Palaceof Industries, built by the famous architect M. Bouvard. It was here that President Carnot declared the exposition open, at the same time touching an electric button which set the vast machinery in motion and illuminated the Park and all the buildings with a flood of brilliant electric light. Alter the ceremony the President, accompanied by the chief members of the government and the executive officers of the exposition, spent three hours in walking through some of the principal buildings, but, of course, in that short time, he could obtain little more than a superficial glimpse of the beautiful and wonderful things that were displayed. One department which interested him particularly, was that in which the history of human habitations is shown. It was arranged by M. Charles Garnier, and comprises a complete history of the dwellings of the human race from the stone age and the bronze age down to tho present time. There may be seen the primitive caves bnilt by a people who have bequeathed to us no other trace of their existence, and there are also shown the dwellings of the Assyrians, tho Egyptians, the ancient Hebrews and the Persians. The luxury and elegance of Athens offer a sharp contrast to the huts of the Esquimaux and the tents of the American Indians, and to crown all, M. Garnier has erected a modern residence of exquisite beauty and fitted with every appliance of luxury and convenience known to the present age. i Not far off from this vivid history of human dwelling places stands a building consecrated to the peculiarly modern institution the press. And the pains which have been taken in the erection of this building and the . PRESIDENT CARNOT AND STAFF. sumptuous way in which it is furnished indicate plainly the Important part which Journalism plays at the present day. Within this building aro reception balls, committee rooms, writing and reading rooms, telephonic nd telegraphic offices nnd a large corps of special messengers. These conveniences will be extended to every journalist who goes to Paris with proper credentials, nnd in addition, he will doubtless meet with much cor - tiiality and hospitality at the hands of the nanagcrs of the exposition. On the day of die opening telegrams and cable dispatches of enormous length were sent out from this little pavilion and literally informed the whole civilized world of the ceremony. If the inside workings of a great modern newspaper, including the gathering of news, the setting up of type and the printing of the papers, could only be shown at this exposition it would prove wonderfully interesting. The police arrangements have been placed in the competent hands of M. Loze, Prefect of the Police, who six months ago began his preparations for the protection of the visitors to the great exposition. In 1878 there were employed 730 guardians of the police for an exhibition which lasted from 8 o'clock in the morning until six at night. In 1889, according to M. Loze, it will be necessary to employ 900 policemen, besides 75 gardes republi - caines during the daytime and an additional force of 350 men for night service. This force does not include the officers who will command them. When the work of build ing began 150 policemen were detailed for duty, and that number was increased trom month to month until the exposition opened. On the 1st of November the number will be diminished gradually ' until all traces of the exposition have been removed from the Champ de Mars, a work which v. ill occupy several months of time. At present the police arrangements are admirable aqd every one within the gates of the exposition is absolutely safe from loss by robbery or violence. The military side of the French character, which is always brought into prominence, is shown by the superb palace erected by the Minister of War. This great building occupies a prominent site in . the exposition grounds and has a frontage of 650 feet and a depth of 250 feet. It will contain a complete display of everything relating to ancient and modern warfare, together with a large number of arms and accoutrements, used at every period of history. In the construction of this palace the architect has shown with much cleverness the purpose for which it was built. It gives one at once an idea of strength and solidity combined with military exactness and precision. Probably nothing will interest American visitors more than the great palace of machinery, an enormous iron building, whicn was begun in April, 1888, and is large enough to contain a display of the most recent mechanical inventions in the world. It is almost needless to say that in this exhibition the United States will be well represented. Here will be seen every specimen of Yankee ingenuity, from the simple rocking - chair with which we are all familiar to the most intricate appliances created byourgreatinventive minds. Certainly there will be enough in the American mechanical exhibit to vastly increase our prestige on the other side. To begin with, there will be the marvelous electrical contrivances which have had their birth in this country during the past decade. Mr. Edison will show our trausatlantic cousins some of the possibilities of electricity. Our systems of telegraphy, long distance telephoning, lighting, etc., will attract universal MAIN ENTRANCE AND attention. The phonograph, also, will be an interesting exhibit, and great will be the astonishment of thehumbler classes when they behold an American machine that can - apparently listen and repeat at will. There will, also, be a remarkable display of dental appliances, many of which will be run by the aid of the magnetic current. We, who are accustomed to having our teeth operated on by means of a minute revolving wheel, which accomplishes in a few moments a work of excavation which used to occupy au hour's time, can well imagine the interest which such an apparatus will excite in the minds of those who see it for the first time. Means of rapid transport are extremely important in a city of such importance as that formed by the exhibition. The exhibition, moreover, is not all in the Champ de Mars. It includes also the Invalides and all that portion of the Quai which separates the two Esplanades. The exhibition railway, a M. ALPHAND. narrow - gauge line, is on the Decauvflle system. Its starting place is at the main entrance on the Esplanades drs Invalides ; its terminus at the end of the palace of machinery, at the corner of Avenue Lamotte - Piquet and the Avenue de Suffren. It has intervening stations at the palace of food products, the Eiffel tower and the Porte Desaix. Hut a certain number of stopping places established at intervals euable ono to take the cars as on a tramway. The cost, for any distance, is only twenty - five centimes. Tho Esplanade des Invalides has been devoted chiefly to the exhibitions of the respective colonies and of certain Ministerial departments War, Education, Post and Telegraphs. Round these exhibitions of a purely educational character are clustered a number of pavilions intended for special or collective exhibitions, but all belonging to our foreign possessions. On arriving at the station, and taking np a position opposite the dome of the Hotel des Invalides, the visitor has on his left the pal aces of Algeria and Tunis. They are encircled by annexes forming a real Arabian town, with its koubas, minarets, terraces and domes a true voyage in Africa, where one can at one s pleasure begin in Algeria and end in Tunis, or the reverse, as with a circular ticket. To complete the local color a certain number of natives have been introduced and dwell in the houses. A little further on is the exhibition of the colonies. This consists of a principal palace surrounded by pavilions, in which Cochin China, Ann am, Madagascar, Guiana, Guade loupe and the Gaboon display their products. The visitor can at will linger in a Tahitian village, a Cingalese. Cochin Chinese or Canack, and examine the inhabitants, thus going round the world, not in eignty days, or even eighty hours, but in one hour or an hour and a half, and without danger of being killed or eaten, which is certainly an advantage. Better still, there is an Annamese restaurant, an Annamese cafe and an Annamese theatre with a troup of dancing girls brought direct from Hue. Needless to say, the dancing of these young people does not in the least resemble that performed at the opera. It has a charm, none the less, for some admirers. After all, it is a matter of taste, and once inside the theatre one is far from Paris and the pruderies of its censure. The model school which the Minister of Education has established stands not far from these. On the other side of the central passage, on leaving the Hotel dea Invalides, we have an altogether different exhibition. Here is that of relief to the wounded in battle, that of the appliances for encampment; the exhibition of social economy, with the workingmen'sclnb, the co - operative and benefit societies; the artisans' dwellings, the mining associations, the cheap restaurant, the dispensary. How far away we are from Ann am and its dancing girls ! . Here now is the Health Exhibition, composed of a central pavilion and important annexes, the chief of which is the pavilion of the Board of Public Belief. Instructive, but hardly amusing. Here is something more entertaining ; the palace of the Ministry of War, led up to by a mediseval fortress, environed by moats, flanked by turrets, with drawbridges, machicolations, etc., etc. Just now we were in the far East ; behold now we are in the age of chivalry ! A perfect dissolving view. One of the wings of the Palace of the Liberal Arts has been set apart for the use of foreigners. Blocks of buildings of an elongated form are occupied by Americans, Italians, Swiss. Norwegians. Spaniards and Portuguese. From the garden the two palaces, which incline downwards, are reached by a series of steps and staircases. It is possible to eo from one to the other without being wet. Elegant awnings have been set along the walls ot the palace ana join tnose which THE BASE OF TOWER stretch as far as the central alley. Each pal ace communicates with the gallery of the Expositions Diverses, which runs perpendicularly to them, by means of a large hall supplied with a monumental portico. To wind up with we visit the pavilions of gunpowder and saltpetre, postaud telegraph, and then a lot of private pavilions or chalets, the Dutch bakery, the Swedish butter - makers, the English dairy. Who can say what? A cosmopolitan hurly - burly in which it is wise to shut one's ears lest one should forget the little French one knows. The visitor can then take once again the Decanville Railway and return to the Champ de Mars, to dine either at the Bouillon Duval or in one of the numberless restau rants scattered everywhere. Dinner finished he will take part in the ROTUNDA OF EXPOSITION. night fete, and according to inclination, finish the evening at the Theatre Scipion, the new Bastille, or the Fairy Palace, a grand establishment situated on the Rapp Gallery, in which, to - the great enthusiasm of the young ones, all the tales of Perrault are exhibited in turn and put in action. It is an innocent and amusing fairy scene, but one in which, no matter what pains are taken to astonish him, nothing can appear wonderful, since he is already in fairyland. A WOMAN'S LOYAITY. An Incident That Increases One's Respect for Human Nature. From the Augusta Journal. I well remember a visit to tho New Hampshire State prison at Concord wblch I made a few years ago in company with several friends. One little Incident of that visit made a vivid impression on my mind. In the horse cars with us. oo our way to the prison, sat a quiet, sad - faced littlo woman. She was neatly and plainly dressed and had a certain air of refinement about hor which showed bor to bo a lady. She came into the prison guard room with us and was at once shown to tho warden's private omco. A moment later, as I stood looking out through heavy - barred windows, across tho stone - paved Drlson yard at the plain, gloomy - looking stone buildings containing the work shops, the door of one of them opened aud an officer holding In his hand a heavy revolver stood out upon the granlto stops. A moment later a tall, finely - formed man, clad in the black and red suit of the prison, passed out in front of him. As he came slowly across the prison yard I saw that his face was a handsome and an Intelligent one. There was something in his appearance and bearing which, despite his prison garb, proclaimed the training and the instincts of a gentloman. I watched him as he camo up tho steps to the guard room, and a moment later through the Eartly open door of the warden's office I saw 1m clasp to his heart the little woman who had been our fellow - passenger and who threw herself Into his arms with a passlonnto love. Then the door was closed to shut out from curious eyes ail f urtherelght of that interview. 1 looked again across the prison yard, but there was a mist before my eyes that seemed to shut off everything. Later I learned that the man was a forger, "He came from a (rood family, 1 believo, " said the guard. In answer to my inquiries. "That little woman Is his wife. She has been true as steel to him through It all. He's one of the best behaved men in the prison and will get considerable time off bis sentence on that aocount. He has two years more. " Somehow I couldn't help feeling that when that man camo out from prison he would go to that little woman and, with her help, lead an honest life. Any community which would deliberately add one panir to those alroady endured by that woman would be worse than heathen. At O A. M. Clouds In the freshened West, Broken and small and si Ivor - wrought, Like the mists of a melted star. And wakes the humid breeze, Shaking the dew upon the grass Into a thousand bright Irradiations. From the delicious bowers of yonder tree That throws its exhllaratlnir shade Upon the panting earth I hear The sweet, the tremulously low Roundelay of somo delighted bird Whose notes, like the sliver gurgle Of clear water over stones. Speaks to the soul another tale Than that of well - matched notes. It. is the glad trill of nature's votary. O bird that feelest morel Whose eyes do pierce her mysteries With the keen llghtnlngsof deep love, Putting our philosophers toshame. AlnsI that I could live within Thy atmosphere, to lay my head On nature's breast and hear The beatings of tier heart. Contributor " in Chicago XewM, Hor Servant Girl. From the London Queen. At one time I noticed that every friend who called upon me met me with what, I can only desortbe as suppressed grins. I could not Imagine the cause of this general but covert merriment. We discussed It In the family, but without arriving - at any solution of the mystery. One clay tt was all revealed I 1 had forgotton my hitch - kev. and upon re - turnlnir borne was obliged to rinir. Our front door is half or grounu - glass, decorated with a flowery pattern in clear glass. In the vory centre or the panel Is a wide transparent rose. I chanced to glance at this rose Just after myrinu, and was startled qulto out of breath by what I saw n (treat green Cyclo - Fean eye filling the wholo space of the rose, t was thus that our goucral help took olwor - vatlons of our guests before she unclosed our portals to them. THE EAGLE AGAINST THE TIGER How a Cool - Headed American tbe Bank at Monte Carlo. From the Liverpool Post. Beat I entered the gaming saloon immediately after a gentleman who had the air of a San - kee. and was no little surprised to notice an official, in swell uniform. approach the Amer ican, and, with a shrug of the shoulders in pure French style, intimate that visitors are not allowed to wear their hats while within the precincts of that sacred room. Of course. the "wide awake" was Immediately put into a place for sale keeping - . From this little incident the Yankee was very much observed; but in the course of thirty minutes be became quite a hero. He soon approached the roulette t able and observed the play very closely, but apparently could not make up bis mind for a venture; and. in succession, be made a tour of all the roulette tables, but did not stake even a five - franc piece, which Is the smallest coin accepted. Finally he bad his attention quite riveted to the (raining - table where ' ' Trent ct Qaurante" is the order of the day. This game is worked by a distribution of ordinary playing cards. Here the minimum stako is a Napoleon, and piles of gold are laid all over the table. Our Yankee friend inquired the blsrhest stake the croupier would allow to bo placed on the table, and was informed by agentle - man standing close to him that the amount was nearly equal to five hundred pounds in English money. I may here remark at this game no odds are given; therefore the winners receive the exact sum staked of course, in addition to the money ventured. "Well," said our Yankee visitor, "I guess I'll go for the swag;" and go he did, and, to the amazement ot tho entire company, he came off a winner. The Brst winnings were coolly placed in his pocket, leaving his first stake on the table for another vouture. The cards were again dealt out, and again he was on tbe successful color. Once more the winnings were placed in sare keeping - . By this time, the American was a man to be envied, and others followed his example. The third venture had an immense pile of notes and gold on the same color that tbe man from the new world had been so lucky with ; and again proved the trump card, and much to the amazement of players In other parts of the saloon, a hearty cheor greeted this announcement and tlieVbank" was broken. But those who are acquainted with Monte Carlo will know that the breaking of the bank is only of short duration viz., whilst the croupier goes to headquarters for another supply of the "ready." On the croupier's return, down went the Yankee again and again, until he had made hazards ten times, and each time to the fullest extent allowed by the rulesof tbe establishment; and bis extraordinary run of fortune made dim the winner each time. The period had now arrived for a change of croupiers, which takes place at regular intervals during tbeday. Our heroof the hour, noticing this move and not quite understanding its purpose, turned to the retiring croupiers, and remarked: "Thank you, gentlemen ; this is tbe first time I bave had the pleasure of playing this game, and I assure you it shall be the last. " And he quietly retired from the room, a richer man by nearly 5,000. than when he entered about half an hour previously. EXTRAORDINARY ADVENTURE. A Man Falls Overboard and Is lies cued After a Three Days' Float. From the London Telegraph. A. M. Bnttye, engineer of the steamer Gulf of Trinidad, who arrived at Plymouth yesterday from Barbadoes, narrates an almost unexampled adventure which befell him during the voyage of that ship. The Gulf of Trini dad, while voyaging from Iquique for Europe, encountered heavy weather, during which, soon after 13 o'clock on a dark night, Battye was washed overboard. The accident was ob served on board and a life - buoy was Immediately thrown over and the vessel stopped. Battye sunk deeply when reaching the water. but on rising to the surface he struck out swimming and reached the life - buoy. The way on the steamer had carried her far beyond him, and though the boat was lowered the prospectof finding him In such weather and at night was almost hopeless. Battye soon ceasca to see tne snip, ana wnen aay - light broke ho found himself alone on the life - buoy a hundred miles, so far as be knew, trom any help. Me kept auoat throughout the next day, although the tropical heat of tbe sun was Intense. Tho following night he8utfered terribly from being without anything to eat or drink and In momentary danger of being swallowed by the sharks of that region. Another day ne held on with amazing endurance, his physical exhaustion and mental anxiety being intense. For the next night he ceased to feel hungry, but suffered from excessive thirst. The third day dawned to nnd him still in the same position. On tbe evening of that day a Norwegian bark passed close by him, the steersman of which saw an object in tbe water and thought ho saw Bab - tye move. The bark was immediately put about and a boat lowered, and, after a short search, found the buoy, with Battye still clinging to it, although when taken on board the bark he was still insensible. Ho was treated with great care aud kindness by the Norwegians and, being transferred to a home ship, has arrived in Plymouth to tell bis marvelous tale. He is a flno young man, about twenty - three years of ago. The Norwegian captain retained the life - buoy as a memento of the wonderful adventure. NOT A DUMB ANIMAL. The Sacred Bird of Slam Into San Diego. Smuggled From the San Dlegan. "Ha. ha, bal Why don't you get a chair to sit down on ?" The voice was rather loud, but not disagreeable, and ti - - ) tone somewhat muffled, as of a person t . choking with laughter. Tho salutation came to the news - gatherer as be was on his daily perambulations about the city, and was traced to a handsome blue - black bird in a cage hanging under the shade of a fig tree at tbe residence of Dr. Gildca, on Sixteenth street, near H. As the reporter approached nearer he was received with more laughtor and inquiries as to whether he came to see the "Mino," if his health was good. etc. A few inquiries directed to a pleasant - faced lady near by elicited tho Information that the bird was tbe sacred Mino of Siam, wblch as a nestling had been smuggled from the temple where tt was bred by a roving sea captain and sold to Dr. Gildca at Honolulu some eight years ago. Minnie, as she Is called, is about half the size of a crow and nearly as black. In the sunlight the feathers take a blue and green tinge, and there is a spot of white upon each wing and a necklace of bright yellow about tbe throat. The bill, which Is large and strong, tapers to a sharp point and is orange - hued near the head and lemon - colored at the tip. The prominent eyes are dark and bright, tbe feet and legs lemon - colored. The bird Is valued at $a50, but specimens have beon known to bring $1,000 In tho United States, where but few of them have ever been brought. The species is carefully guarded In Slam, and as none are ever sold they can only be obtained surreptitiously. OUR DUCHESS GOT ETEN. The Dncliess of Marlboro' Pities Mrs. Labretouche, tho Milliner. From the Graphic. I was told recently a funny story about our own Duchess of Marlboro' going to Mrs. Labretouche's place this winter, not knowing as ' Madame Vlctolro et Cle " Is on the sign whom she was golngto meet. It scorns that several years ago sho hod met this same lady at some French watering place aud bad made every effort to cultivate her, with a view, quite openly expressed In a restricted circle, of "getting in" to English society. Mrs. Labrotouche was In those days rather exclusivo. Money was never very plentiful with her, and she once had a habit of making up for Its atisence by hauteur, but she was sufficiently responsive to Mrs. Hammersley then. The rub came when all parties were again in England. Tbe American made a driving tour the next year in the early autumn with somo friends and took occasion to look in at Mrs. Labretouche's rather dilapidated country place down In Surrey, and they do say got a very freezl ng reception, one that gave the final quietus to her attempts to cultivate the English gentry. Think of the delicious emotions that swelled in her bosom when she next met the mistress of that mouldy but hereditary mansion presiding over a milliner's shop, and an upstairs mil liner shop at that, for " Victoire et Cle" are above Atlnson's perfumory place. Was not that recompense for a great deal of his Grace's society I She ordered abounot, and has been showing It and talking in a pitying and sympathetic stylo about finding an old acquaintance in such a position. Love's Bondage Lifted. From the New York Tribune. They bad been eugaged a week. Together they had been to see "Little Lord Faunt - leroy," and were returning to Brooklyn on a bridge train. When the train stopped Angelina got tip and walked to the front of the car, thinking that Algernon was close behind. Algernon walked to the rear door, thinking Angelina was tripping along at bis elbow. Two blank faces, a hasty search and a meeting on tbe platform. "I thought, Algernon, that of course you would follow me 1" "And I thought, Angelina, that of course you would follow mel" Both fell to meditating as they walked down tho passage way and took a Kings county eloynted train. When Vanderbllt avenue was passed Angelina at hist broke the silence. ' Perhaps Algernon wo we might not agree. Don't you think you had better take It back ?" and she pulled a dainty little ring from hor finger. Algernon hesitated. The train began to slacken speed for Franklin avenue. Then he took the ring In an alMent - minded way ns theyboth anise. "It's so much better, " Angelina added softly, "that we should And out In time, " nnd tbuy disappeared through the door. What Goes Up Most Come Down. From the Norwich Bulletin. A Norwich woman, who puts up the best of strawberry jam and labels the cans " Straw - borry Jam, put up hy , " was surprised to find a can ompty the other day and additionally labeled : Put down by tbe tramp who split wood for bis breakfast.1' THE STYLE OF THE FUTURE. EXPOSITION GOSSIP The Genius of Prance Pioturesque Types of the Parisiennes of a Century, In spite of evil augury nay, truth to tell. of secret hopes in certain quarters the Universal Exhibition, far from proving a miserable abortion, has come into being fully formed, living and healthy. And in six months' time there will be a noble page in the great history - book of pacific triumph, on which the name of France will blaze in letters of gold. This kind of glory is as good as another, we incline to think. Whatever our political creed or sect, we must surely rejoice at seeing so magnificent an outcome of this colossal industrial and artistic scheme. Nothing could give a loftier notion of the persistent vitality of our great and beloved country, and this is a consolation under many troubles and many failures. It won Id seem, indeed, that France alone among the nations of the earth has sufficient energy to attempt such an effort, or the resources needed to carry it through. Others is peace rising over the world. The Tower of Babel brought confusion of tongues ; this will inaugurate their harmony." Nor is it only from the point of view of its actnal extension that a comparison of the various great exhibitions is interesting. The ladies having to play a leading part during the first six months, another subject of comparison occurs to us that of the fashion of dress, especially for women, at each of these stages of national progress. In 18o5 we were still under the influence of the traditions of the reign of Louis Philippe. "Frenzied luxury," the pet horror of President Dupm, had not as yet perverted the hereditary habits of order and economy in which our women of fashion had grown up. It was the heyday of crinoline, of peace PARISIENNE OF 1789. for husbands and of modest allowances: crin oline which gave the tallest, the slimmest. the most gracefnl frenchwoman tne iuu blown pronortions of Mother Bunch. At that time I was still sitting on a form and chosen to be one of the contingent of schoolboys admitted, as representative of England. Austria and Italy roused to emulation and fired by her example, have tried it each in turn, but the results were on tbe whole poor. And it may be doubted whether they are as yet prepared to risk another attempt France is now at her fourth great exhibi tion in thirty - three years, and on each occa sion the vastness of her resources, the wealth of her inventiveness, the originality of her initiative have been more emphatically dis - Dlaved. She has made it her pnde to rea lize on the one baud the motto of Le Eoi Soleil: Neo plnribus impar, and at the same time that of Nicolct: "Better and better," f De nlus fort en dIus fort), both thoroughly French. The exhibition of 1889 will be as far superior to that of 1888 as that of 1867 was to that of 1855. "The Genius of France" then is no mere boastful formula of national vanity, since, torn and bruised as she was, bleeding at every vein, rent internally and looked at askance from outside, she could still challenge the world to these two great shows and reveal such triumphant manhood. It must be confessed that she has In her hand a royal trump which the rival nations cannot hold, and which gives her an advantage in the game. She has Paris. It is this trump card which gives her beforehaud a winning certainty ove the invading torrents of people which must bo the consequence of tho convergence of the world at large on one speck of the world ; the exhibition is the pretext, Paris is the goal. Great as the attractions may be which aro gathered together between the Military College and the Trocadero, what are they as compared with those epitomized in the magical word Paris ? Paris with its easy life, its traditions of hospitality, its liberal and largo - hearted cosmopolitan ways, its flavor of legend which fires every fancy! From April till October Paris will be the Mecca of the fanatics of pleasure. The absence of all foreign official functionaries will add a mysterious charm to the pilgrimage, giving it something of the relish of PARISIENNE OF 1810. ? laying truant, a savor as of forbidden fruit 'his will be one of the novelties of the Exhibition of 1889, by which it differs from all its predecessors. Not that it is the only one. The first Paris Exhibition in 1855 found sufficient space in the huge glass case known as the Palace of Industry, which is now scarcely large enough for incidental exhibitions. That of 1807 did not overflow the narrow limits of the Champ de Mars. To lodge the display in 1878 the Trocaders had to be built over, and now the fourth, stifled in the narrow limits of the elder three, has thrown np from mother earth the Eiffol tower to shoot into infinite space. Has it been sufficiently decried, abased and vituperated, that poor Liffcl tower f Poetry and art have veiled their gaze before it, as true believers before some more monstrous idol. And yet it has a poetry of its own ; it Is the triumph of material over sheer height, reminding us of the myth of tho giants assailing Olympus but escaping the final overthrow. No artist, in the most mysterious realm of his dreams, ever rose with such a harmonious nnion of force and grace to such ideal heights I Babel, they call it. Yes, Babel. But Babel was meant as an insult to the Divine Power, while the Eiffel tower does homage to its majesty by restricting effort to tho nee plus ultra of human genius. Babel was a work of reliellion and hatred ; the Eiffel tower Is a work of pacification and concord. And wise men, as tbey saw it serenely rising skywards amid the storms that raged around it said to themselves: "It Paris Lycees, to the distribution of awards on the 10th of November at the Palace of Industry. There was a purpose, no doubt, in fixing this national festival on tbe Em press' fete day. It was intended to show the people of France in the most conspicuous way that the future of the Napoleonic dynasty was secured, for the JSmpress' condi tion was sufficiently evident, in spite of the enormous hoops then worn. Who, on that day of intoxicated rejoicing, could have dreameav that the child born only three months later, the hope then of a great na tion, whose birth was hailed in song by Theophile Gautier that this hoy was fated to perish by a Zulu assegai ? In 1807 the crinoline was a thing of the past, though the skirt has lost nothing of its fullness and breadth. No more steel hoops, bnt a fearful and ruinous abundance of petti coats. The luxury of underskirts, if it had not reached the pitch of elegance which now characterizes it, was fast becoming the tombstone of fine dressing. The most typical evidence of this fact is to be found in Vic - torien Sardou's well - known play of "La Famille Benoiton." This perhaps is the reason why, of all that ingenious author's multifarious works, this comedy will perhaps survive the longest. In 1878 the reign of petticoats was over. Fashion had taken np the statuesque and assumed a delightfully Pagan character. Garments were cut to cling to the figure and display its simple beauty. Stuff became flesh, so to speak ; it was the' apotheosis of dress. Never at any modern period have women been more bewitchingly attractive, for never was the art of dress more nearly allied to plastic art. Nowadays, in 1889, there is a strong reaction, and, to my taste, not a happy one, towards the style of the Directoire. The day has dawned once more of short waists and leg - of - mutton sleeves, of which, indeed, Mes - demoiselles Magnier and Darlund, in Belle - Maman, have shown us some very remarkable specimens. Is the nineteenth contury in its dotage? No, thank heaven 1 It is bnt a passing whim a whim of which the artist has foreseen the end, sketching with a prophetic pencil the fashion of to - morrow. A very exquisite person is this Parisienne "before letters" that Marchetti here sets be - PARISIENNE OF 1830. fore yon leaning on hertall parasol and looking through her glasses. Do yon not agree with me that in the per fect taste of her "get - up" she hasnothingto fear from a comparison with her neighbors of the past, whose ghosts the draughtsman has summoned from oblivion? Parisian fair ones of tho time of Louis XVI., airing themselves under the arcades of the Palais Boyal, in front of the Cafe dela Eotonde. Then there is another scale of comparison : we may consider these successive exhibitions from the point of view of domestic economy. Every time that one of these grand assizes has been held it has had a marked effect in modifying Paris life. They have given Paris a cosmopolitan character which it can nevermore lose, turning it into a fashionable resort where every article of daily consumption has become perceptibly dearer. Of the First Empire, display ingthemselves on the Terrasse des Feuillants. Of 1830, stepped out of a sketch hy Ga - varni. Of the Second Empire, before the grub had turned to a butterfly. A whole century of fashions is displayed in these drawings, which are as faithful as they are amusing. This woul d not be a serious matter if the loss were inflicted on none but passing sojourners. But it has become a scourge to the natives. They were wont to comfort themselves with the reflection that if so much gold was spent some of it must surely stick to their fingers, and with the hope that when the scramble was over matters would fall into the old grooves. But alas! In France nothing is permanent save what is temporary. The rise in prices, which was endured as a temporary necessity, is a case in point ; like certain enactments, which, made to provide for a special case, take root in the code and become part of the national common law. And the cost of living, which was thus enhanced ' PARISIENNE OF 1860. "only while the exhibition lasts," proved, when the exhibition was over, to be the normal rate. I have never regretted so much as I do now my neglect in omitting to collect bills of fare, like my friend Xavier de Montepin. An edifying comparison might be made between a bill at the Maison d'Or in 1855 and one at the same house in 1867 or 1878. However, thongh I have no such documents, my memory is good. And from memory, with the help of account books, I can present tbe reader with the following estimate of prices : What in 1855 cost five francs in looo cost ten. What in 1867 cost ten francs in 1868 cost twenty. What in 1878 cost twenty francs in 1M7W cost forty. . Whence we may infer that what costs forty francs this year will cost eighty in 1890. . W e shudder to think of the cost of living at all in the year after the exhibition of A. D. 2000. Emile Blavet. TWO GOVERNORS. Bab Criticizes David IS. Hill and Fltzhugh Lee. From the New York Graphic. And the Governor of New York J I no longer swear fealty to him. A woman near me said: "He looks like a tough and acts like a brute 1" You see all the other Governors bad been behaving vory politely, and it seemed rather odd to gaze at a common place roan who found tbe raising of bis bat to the wives and daughters of the men who elected blm too great an exertion. He man aged to got It an inch or two trom msneaa and then dropped it. It was evident that he hnd not been bred In the same school as that of Governor Fitzhugh Lee, who sat his horse like a centaur and was as gallant asoniy a Lee can be. Don't tell me anything about there helnir nothing In blood. Fltzhugh Lee comos of a race of gentlemen, of a race of unristian gentlemen, and nis now to tne greeting given him was as much for the ragged woman on the wavsldo as lor the gor geously dressed one In the window of the mansion on t ilia avenue. A Father's Vigil. From the Terr Haute Express. CHAPTER I. Mr. Flgg. "Here's a little toy I've brough for Tommy to amuse himself with. Pigs In Clover, I bellove they call 11." CHAPTER It. Tommy. "Say, paw, ain't you goln to lemme see that puzzle V Mr. Flgg. "Go to bed! You ought to be In bod an hour ago 1" , CHAPTER XII. Mrs. Flgg. "John Flgg, ars you golngto sit up all night r" Mr. Flgg. "I'll be there In a minute. I've got them all In but one. " CHAPTER IV. Mrs. Flgg. "Have you been up all night, John Flgg f Mr. Flgg. "None of your Business." Tommy. "Pay, paw, whero's my puzzle?" Mr. Flgg. "In the stove I" , TRUE LOVELINESS. Her form was plump, her face was fair,' Her eyes were blue and brown her hair; Her toutrtntemble was quite rare : How could I help but ask her sharo My humble lot, a little cot? I'm glad I did, for wife I got With temper sweet and all things meet. The secret of her beauty and sweet temper, both of which she has retained ever since we wed, now several years ago, is that, when occasion required, she always used Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, which has done more to relievo the functional derangements, weaknesses, and sufferings peculiar to women, than any other medicine known to science. under the positive guarantee of its manufacturers, that it will give satisfaction in every case, or the money paid for it will be promptly refunded. A Certificate of Guarantee printed on every bottle - wrapper. Copyright, 1838, by World's Dispensary Medical Association, Proprietors. TYD TT17T)ri1?5C! TT?T ULli. 1 JLJJJi.bUlU U 1 DUUIi JL U . mmm TJnequaled as a Liver Pill. Smallest, cheapest, easiest to take. One tiny. Sugar - coated Pellet a dose. Cures Sick Headache, Bilious Headache, Constipation, Indigestion, Bilious Attacks, and all derangements of the Stomach and bowels. 25 cents, by druggists. TSCHIGOKIN LEADS Blackburne, Weiss and Guns - berg Soon to Pay a Visit . to Philadelphia. After the close of the New York Chess Con gress Messrs. Weiss, Blackburne and Guns - berg will visit the homo club for a week's chess seances. Mr. Blackburne will give an exhibition of his unrivaled blindfolded play, conducting eight games simultaneously, and all three matadors will give exhibitions of simultaneous chess. We also understand tbat H. . Bird will enliven the occasion by bis prpsence and play cbess with the boys in his usual lightning style. The committee ot arrangements, however, assures us tbat even first - class masters bave a bond of unison with ordinary mortals in so far that they cannot live on wind, and that, therefore, to con summate the arrangements it will be necessary to have a further supply of money than tbat already collected. We trust that all those wbodostre to help the matter along will at onoe sena tneircontnoutions (nor less than $1) to W. Penn Shipley, 404 Locust street, or, If more convenient, to W. C. Wilson, at the home club, southwest corner Kleventh and Sansoin streets. In all the exhibitions only subscribers to the f uud will be eligible to play as adversaries to tne masters. THE rRIESTER - sniPLEY HATCH. The following Is the score of their first game: White Prlester. Black Shipley. 1. P to K 4. P to K 4. 2. K Kt to B S. Q Kt to B 8. 3. It to Kt 5. PtoQKS. 4. B to K 4. KttoBS. 5. Castles. B to K 2. 6. B x Kt. This exchange tends to speedily neutralize the game. 6. P x B. 7. Kt X P. Kt x P. 8. P to 0 4. Castles. 8. B to K 8. II to Q 3. 10. Q to Q 8. Kt to B 4. Neat, but a shorter cut would have been to go to K B 3 at once. 11. 0 to K 2. Kt to Q a. Kt to B 3. K to K sq. 13. P to K B 4. 13. P to B 4. 14. KttoQS. Better Kt to B 3. 14. P to Q B 4. PxP. KttoKtS. 15. Q Kt to B 8. 16. BxP. 17. OtoOS. Intended in the nature of a trap, but Shipley could have won tbe pawn all the same. 17. Kt x Kt. Should rather havepluyed BxKt,18. PxB. Kt x P; 19. Kt x Kt, K x Kt; ao. Q to B 3, K to Kt4, etc. 18. BxKt, ' B x B. It). Q x Q. R x Q. SO. KtxB. P to KB 8. 81. Kt to B 3. B to Kt 6. S3. PtoKK8. BxKt. 23. B x B. H to Q 7. 21. K to B 2. QHtoQsq. 25. Q KtoKBsq. K to B 3. ai. KxK. It iH, 87. KtoBa. Drawn game. WINDINO UP THE CONGRESS. As we write the games of the Sixth American Cbess Congress are passing into history, to be embalmed lu many layers of Stolnltz's ponderous notes. At present Tchigorin is the prime favorite, but Weiss is on his heels and It (sprettycertain thatthesetwo. together with Gunsberg, Blackburno, Burn, I.ip - schhotz and Mason, will gather lnthesevjn prizes. Tbe scores run: AMERICANS. Won. I.lpsrhuetz 24 Mason H Judd SO Schowalter 18 Dclinar 18 I). Buird 10 Burllle 16 Hanham l.W Martinez 12 J.Balrd 6X FOREIGNERS. Won. Tscbigorln 29 Weiss'. 27 Gunsberg K'A Blackburne , 2(1 Burn 25 Taulienbaus 17 Bird 17 Pollock 16V Gossip 11 McLeod M Total 1811 Total 200Jtf lor latest, see telegram. HOW WEISS GOT KNOCKED OUT. The following game proved the great surprise of the tournament, showing how the Invincible Weiss was brilliantly knocked out by W. H. K. roilock White Weiss. Black Pollock. P to K 4. Q Kt to B 3. PtoQRS. Kt to B 3. PtoQ Kt4. B to II 4. P to Q 4. KtxP. Castles. B to K 8. 1. to K 4. 2. K Kt toBS. 8. B to Kt 5. 4. B to R4. 5. P to 0 8. S. BtoKt3. 7. P to B 8. 8. P x P. 9. Q to K 3. 10. Q to K 4. 11. Ktir. Weiss nods. At the same time It was anything but easy to foresee that stroke tbat good Mr. W. H. K. Pollock was preparing. 11. Kt x Kt. 13. Q x Kt, KttoKtS. Bravo! IS. Castles. Preferring to give np the pawn like a little man to getting tbe oramps through P x Kt, BsPch, etc 18. Kt x Q P. 14. Q to R 5. 11 x B. 15. PxB. K R to K sq. 10. Kt to Q 3. QtoKx. 17. P to Q Kt 4. BxP cb. 18. K to It sq. Of course, ouKiD, Kt x R, etc., follows. 18. Q to K 8. Another stroke for tbe frog pond. 19. J' to 11 8. Kt x 11. 20. R x Q. R x H ch. 21. K moves. B to Kt 8 ch. 23. K to Kt8. R checks. 23. K to Kt 4. Kt to K 7. 24. KttoUsq, PtoKtS. 25. Q to 0 5. PtoR4ch. 90. K to Kt 5. K to Kt S. Tho clinching coup. 27. Kt x K. And black mates In three moves. GOSSIP'S GREAT DISCOVERT. It (swell known that Mr. G. Hatfield T. Gossip, the renowned author and writer on ohess, is among the contestants, and It has been a subject of surprise to his many admirers as well as hlmseir that his showing In this tournament has been of such a subordinate character. Of course, there must be an explanation for something so unusual, and Mr, I" Favorite Prescription" is the only medicine for women, possessed of such wonderful virtues as to warrant its sale, by druggists, T "UWQ . PURELY VEGETABLE and PERFECTLY HARMLESS. G. Hatfield V. Gossip accordingly gave his best thought for its elucidation. His labors were rewarded, for some days ago, after a deep cogitation in a quiet corner, Mr. G. Hatfield X. Gossip's face suddenly became Inspired, and he rushed to the committee to inform them that he had discovered the cause of all his previous bad fortune. His chair had not been high enough! Mr. G. Hatfield D. Gossip, immediately demanded that a chair of the altitude prescribed by him sbould at once be furnished him for the remaining games to be played. The committee, of course, could not resist so powerful and logical an appeal, and it was Mr. D. M. Martinez's bad luck to be the first ono to play against the "chair." Happily, howover, for Mr.Martlnez there was still some defeat about the chair and he escaped witli a win. but Mr. Max Judd, who was the next adversary to that now still further perfected article of furniture, did not escape so easily. The "chair" won, and to show that it was in good running order it next demolished Mr. Llpsehuetz. We hope that Mr. O. Hatfield D. Gossip will not bo chary in giving further particulars concerning nis wonderful dis covory. LAIGLE'S 7x7 TWO - ER. NO. 910. BLACK. WHITE. ' White to play and mate In two moves. GIVE THE PLAYERS A CHANCE. We understand that tho plan, announced shortly aftor the opening of the congress, to devote $500 of the rapidly accumulating gate receipts to the non - successful plavers is about to be reconsidered. As the gate receipts will foot up at least $ - ',000, which, together with the $5, 000 subscribed will make a minimum of $7,000 It Is difficult to conceivo why there should not be onough left to give a few dollars as consolation prizes, even after that precious old "hook" and numerous and sundry other "embellishments" have been paid for. Let tho manager kindly consider the poor players and tbeu retire to a permanent rest. ANSWERING MOVES. Q to R 2 solves No. 908. R from K sq to K 3, PtoB5, RtoQ4ch., solvesNo. 909. Solved by James Roberts. J. Young, Coroner, Tom Ato, Happy - dasher, Henry Wells, D. Bals - ley, Nine - year - old Pickle, Safith, Z. V. G., Jacob Brem, Adolph Grant, 8. 11. Barrett, A. Beckman. Thanks for problems. BHINKMAN'S 6X8 SPARKLER. Ko. Oil. BLACK. I H I FT' ma tee ''? W , i n jjmi u & l ,A 3 v J i WHITE. White to play and mate In three moves. Vhftt Happened to a Haughty Girl. From the New York Son. One day last week a beautiful and haughty young woman In a very stylish costume walked up Fifth avenue. Past the Calumet, the Now York and the Union League Clubs' windows she swept with a swift, regular movement, looking neither to the right nor the left, and the only acknowledgment that she gave of the attempts of the clubmen to win her smiles was a disdainful curl of her thin, beautiful lips. In one band sho carried what looked like a card case. At the corner of Forty - third street a fat, red faced little man, In a hurry to catch a down - coming stage, brushed roughly against her. He struck against the hand in which wns the supposed card case and the latter fell to the sidewalk, ft burst open and out rolled a lot of small poker chips. The young woman seemed In danger of an attack of hysterics, the little man blushed and stammered bis apology, while a Union league Club man came up in time to rescue the card case and the chips. A smiling throng watched blm pick up the chips, put them deftly bock Into the case and hand them to their crestfallen owner with a most graceful bow. The young woman barely acknowledged tho kindness and went swiftly down Forty - third street, whore she disappeared In a brownstone house He Didn't Soare. From the Boston Post. A very small boy with an unllghted cigarette In his mouth approached a reverend gentleman on K street yesterday and asked htm tor a match. " No, sir, " said the holy man, "Most certainly 1 will not give you a match to light that thing." And then, softening his tone somewhat, he added: "My boy, don't you know those cigarettes win arag you clown to helir ' Well, " said the boy, looking squarely Into t minister's face, "I wish they dhurry up 'dolt. I could git a light down there.1' Perhaps Even Our Breath. From ths Chicago Herald. The Standard Oil Company Is credited with an Intention to absorb the white lead trust. Mrcrhspstho Standard peoplo propose to wait until all the commodities of life are controlled by trusts and then absorb all the trusts, so that, we may yet pay tribute to this great cor - E oration when we buy our milk, soaks and alrpins. i p mi fi m m mm vm a mm m m m " m i mm ted tmj sOs ' m mtm m m m m m . foV.;J&4 tii '.tf,A ' I eym vwm wm vm 1 m m m sa W fm rv - 'i es , 11 .sssWstaash.s .

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