The Times from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 10, 1887 · Page 11
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

The Times from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania · Page 11

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 10, 1887
Page 11
Start Free Trial

THE TIMES - PIITIvAPELriTIA, SUNDAY MOKXIXG, JULY 10, 1887, 11 FRENCH MIT IE MANNERS AND CUSTOMS IN THE LATIN QUARTER OF PARIS. loose Morals fopibincd With Great Intellectual Energy. An American's Observations I'pon the Advantages and Disadvantages of Study in the French Capital. AEIS, Jane 24 Is it I true that Paris students arc distinguished models of all that is bad? does the devil really have his headquarters iu their midst, aud is the unique aim of their existence to solve the problem of how the greatest quantity of 5sSits wild oats " can be yiMj - possiw tiu,ej 1 ieve tfcfcS? ' the discussion of these Jfc - C. tious to the persons ' for there are such who seem never to tire of demonstrating all this, at least to their own satisfaction. For myself, I am quite persuaded that there is very little danger of an American being lonely, should he find himself in hell without knowing French. Our traveling moralists stroll through the Latin Quarter at night, and in a few hours, aud within a short radius, manage to pick up material enough for a dozen fiery sermons on the rottenness of what they love to call the " Modern Babylon." They go home and tell how the students of Paris spend their nights in gambling hells, in dance houses and in brothels, They describe the gaudy palaces blazing with mirrors and gas jets, where shameless Women flaunt their painted beauty before beardless youths, where music crashes and wine sparkles in the clinking glasses, where breathless couples, the brain on fire with moral and physical poison, forget yesterday and to - morrow in the passionate intoxication of the swift whirling waltz; the places where men and women go with the vain hope of escaping all serious thought by a reckless plunge into seething masses of their wretched fellows, all bent on a similar mission, and all finding too lato that they have only succeeded In making more unbearable the misery of soul which always results from a mis - spent time and neglected duty. I wrote the above sentenco purposely in the absurdly exaggerated style which some of our would - be juvcnals atrect. AH this may be very fine from a rhetorical ami oratorical point of view, but what docs it mean? These over - zealous individuals love to pile up sounding adjectives and build well - turned phrases, but they get entirely off the track in their reasoning. They do not understand the facts which they see, and in drawing their conclusions they try to make tho American cap fit the French character. Cards, wine and women ! That, of course, is their text, but they forget what a vastly different meaning it has with us and in Fiance. A well - trained lad in the United Slates has from his earliest childhood looked upon these three things as tho blackest of Satan's wiles, as the most damning of all the sins, and has been abjured time and again to avoid them as he would a plague. In other words, he is taught total abstinence. However, if later on he finds that the standard was set too high for his strength and he falls from it, then too often the shame and remorse which he feels drive him, as we say, right on to the devil. French students are never as good aud never as bad as their American cousins. They canuot understand this feeling of ours of "going to the devil" any more than they can our idea of living purely or getting drunk. They look upon all three as strange absurdities of which they themselves would never be guilty. They believe in temperance even iu wickedness. They do their sinning, to use a word which they would not admit, so openly aud philosophically that it becomes almost ridiculous. It is a specios of sinning too which very much resembles eating your dinner, so regularly is it done and so universally. You see them in the street, iu the cafes or restaurants, or at the balls, eating and drinking, laughing aud chatting each one with his mistress, and behaving in just the same mattor of fact way as if she were his wife. Naturally, as they are only living up to their principles, tins lito does not demoralize them in the least, nor does it interfere at all with their studies. They consider these temnorarv ties as reasonable aud necessary as the wine wuicn they drink at their meals, and they areas little disposed to go to excess with the one as with the other. They accept all this as tho established order of things without shame or regret, and simply go iu calmly and consistently doing aud believing what their fathers and teachers believed and did before them and what they will expoct their sons to do some day in the future. To put meir case paradoxically : 11 a man believes that it's right to do wrong, then it's wrong tor me mau to uo rignt. To come now to a lighter part of my sub ject, hero is a recipe for a Paris student : high hat which costs about two dollars, and is shabby in proportion. A beard, but not like the beards wo have at home. It must be cut very short at the sides, generally wan a machine and pointed at the chin, The hair is done in one of three ways, but rarely with any part: 1. Cut very short and brushed straight forward a la dynamiter; 2. Brushed up on end a la porcupine; 3. Allowed to grow very long and thrown back a la Beethoven. These long - haired fellows are simply disiiustine. Thev assume the halo of an intellect which they have not got. iou can generally tell a student, too, by tho black leather bag which be invariably carries for paiwr, books, etc. ror writing tney all have little square inkstands, which possess most marvelous powers of upsetting, and an ordinary pen. A stylograph, price twelve or fifteen francs. would be considered an indication of fabu - lons wealth. The most striking character istic. However, ot a genuine Paris student, particularly one of the medical persuasion. is his free and easy manners. Uo frequently unus, towaru x or a o eioclt in the morn iug, mat ins urain win not work any longer unless he goes out in the street and howls vigorously to the immense edification of the neighboring sleepers. Then you will often observe him singing down the Boulevard Saint - Michel in the evening, with a female companion on cither arm and in dulging in what might bo called, by a slight disregard of tho truth, a species of singing. Again you may see tho young gentleman of amnions propensities on top of - a billiard table in one of the brasseries, with a cue in one hand and a plate of what they call choucroute in the other, haranguing a crowd of miscellaneous friends upon some impor tant question oi tne moment. Yes, on tho whole, you are apt to recognize the student by the delightful sans gene which ho displays whenever he appears In public In this connection, though, you are apt to make a most serious mistake. You think to yourself, "Well, these joking, drinking, jovial, foolish young Frenchmen can't amount to much at their books. They re not serious enough, they waste too much time at cafes and brasseries, they keep too late hours, etc." Wait a moment, my friend. Paris students are not to be Judged too hastily. Go into tho locttire rooms aud the laboratories. Watch these same harum - scarum fellows at the dissecting tabloorin the great libraries. Talk to them. Find out who they are, etc., aud the first thing you know you will discover that these "young fools," as you thought them the other night when you watched them gambling In the Cafe do la Source at one o'clock in the morning, know enough about medicine or chemistry or something elso to make your head swim. You see they play very hard when they play and perhaps It's the same when they work. They laugh at tho English students hero as being " always serious," for the excellent reason that thoy have not enough sprit to be anything else. There are a number of girls, too, among Paris students, not s few Americans and a great many Russians. They go Into the laboratories and hospitals and dissecting rooms with the utmost Indifference, but of course they art principally occupied in the various art studies. It Is a curious fact that most of them are not at all pretty, not that !. I... ... - At.! .1 ., I tun iiaa aliening mi uu Willi 11, An snius - I lug thing happened in their connection last I Mill winter in the medical school. A professor was lecturing in chemistrv in the grand am phitheatre to several hundred students, the girls among the Test. Toward the close of the hour he had the room darkened in order to project some illustrations on a screen, and just at the" moment when tho lights were turned out there arose from all parts of the room such a storm of lip - smacking the time - worn tunnel joke that he could not continue. Ul course the professor was tun ous and the young ladies were, too perhaps out the boys were happy. One might naturally infer from what I have said that the Student's Quarter is not entirely devoid of life and variety. That is true. 1 lie monotony of existence is pretty thoroughly broken up down there. How - ever, there are certain occasions when this breaking up of the monotony becomes intensified to such an extent that you fancy they are going to break up everything else, too, You think there is a riot, or an earthquake, or something of the sort, but there isn't. ii, s notuing but a students ball. A "French ball" in New York an interesting thing, isn't it? Well, a " French ball" in Paris is, too. But there is a difference. It's like an orange iu New York and an orange in Florida. One is richer and juicier than tho other. It's that way, more or less, with these balls. I had been to a " French ball " in New York, but I noticed the difference at once when I tried it hero. Students say that it is difficult to study on sucn occasions. They are restless, somehow. As a general thing, they don't study. They do many other things, hut they don't study. Some day I will try to describe one of these balls. It can bo done, but it isn't easy, I said a moment ago that fifteen francs for a stylographic pen would be considered reckless extravagance. So it would. All tho same, fifteen francs put on a race horse at Auteuil some Sunday afternoon would be regarded quite as a matter of course. That illustrates one of the curious phases of stu dent fife here. The great principlo is to do away as far as possible with tho necessities in favor of all manner of luxuries. A young Frenchman will like a miserable room in the sixth story, with a brick floor and no carpet, and will go without a fire oven in the coldest days of winter, whereas, by paying twenty francs more in the month, he might have a large, comfortable room, well heated and two stories lower down. He takes the twenty francs thus saved and invests it in a lottery ticket that's a great business, by the way, iu France. Ho will go without breakfast to have money for the theatre, he will dine ou unwholesome food for a quarter, and proceed to spend three or four francs in a cafe for billiards and various drinkables for himself and friends, lie will sometimes, I regret to say, prefer spending two francs fifty centimes for a bright new cravat to "paying the necessary ten sous which would entitle him to a bath. But this becomes painful. With the view of being of possible use to some of my countrymen I give a few of the prices in this partof Paris. The figures are authentic : Vr. Oood room, 3d or 4th floor, per month.. 45.00 Decent room, lith Moor, per ninntli 35.00 (ioud breakfast and dinner lit boarding house, per month , 1)0.00 Fair dinner ut restaurant, per day 1.25 Oood dinner at restaurant, per day 2.00 Fair breakfast at restaurant, per day... 1.05 (food breakfast at restaurant, per day. 1.50 Oood suit of clot lies to order 155.110 Fair suit of clothes to order 75,00 Good silk hat ju.oo Fair silk hat , i.oo Oood pair of shoes 20.00 In order to show how chean it is nossiblo to live here, if a man has grit enough to stand a certain amount of hardship, I will mention the case of one of my personal friends, who assures me that during the year past his entire expenses have not at any time exceeded 75 francs per month. As a general tiling American students m Paris spend for what might be called necessities from $ - 100 to $000 a year and what thev spend uesines mat iu tne way ot luxuries their respected fathers ouly know. Before closing, let me sum up briefly the advantages and disadvantages which an American student will find in coming to live m the .Latin Quarter. I have had the pleasure of meeting a groat many artists hero, and they all assure me that there is no place in the world like Paris for art study. The same may be said of medicine, only in this branch four years of hard preparatory work aro necessary for taking the French M, P. It is a popular joke that theso medical students who come to Paris for a few months' study in special courses, and nonsense of mat sort, only succeed in forgetting the little medical knowledge which thoy had already picked up in the United States. The great advantage which Taris offers to medical students over Vienna, is that everything is free, whereas, in Vienna the fees are de cidedly heavy. In any other branches of stuuy fans oilers perhaps no better advantages than other European capitals. What little I said in the way of justification of Parisian immorality applies more especially to Frenchmen. There is no doubt that a prolonged residence in the Student's Quarter is a moral strain against which very few Americans have resisted. It seems very delightful, but it is none the less dangerous, and a man needs lots of backbone before coming over here. It is quite possible to learn r rench well in a year's residence if you go aoout it correctly and one of the most important conditions is to get a good start in speaking before leaving America. I have met gentlemen who have lived hero years and have learned nothing at all of the Ian - guage. Those who expect to " pick it up" in a few months might as well stay at homo. It doesn't "pick up " worth a cent. That brings mo to tho weather. People talk about tho mild winters here, and the thermometer confirms their statements, for the mercury rarely sinks below tho freezing point, llowevcr, in theso matters, one prefers to trust to his feelings, and I can state positively from experience, that a Paris wiu - ter, to a student in ono of these old hotels is a very serious matter. It is simply a con - tiuual abomination of three mouths duration. The dampness penetrates to tho very bones, and what is worse than all, you never get thoroughly warmed. They considers room hot at 00 degrees, and 50 degrees is not uncommon. The result is that you are chilled on going out, and so feel the cold much more keenly. You naturally try to got your room warmer, but you can't do it. The more coal yon put in the grate, the more the heat flies up the chimney. The fact is tho houses in the old portions of this city are not made at all for comfort. Thoy are simply places to cat in aud sleep in and then to get out of as soon as possible. They are not homes at all. The French don't have any homes and they don't want any. The cafes are s - ood enough fnr mem or tne tneatres or balls or anything at all outside. The result is that they have built the most splendid and beautiful city that the world can bIiow, when you look only at the outside, but they have left the insido, the particular place where an American wants to live comfortably, at least a hundred years behind the times, and as to the Latin Quarter well, New York cicrK in a encap down - town boarding house, nas a paiace in comparison to the quarters of the average student. Plumbing ? thev have no conception of it, and the odor which comes up from most of these court - yards would make an undertaker smile. Bath rooms? Not any. and you have to hunt nn lining; esutonsiimcni wnen you wish for such a luxury. Hot Bnd cold water, elevators, carpets, gas, windows that are properly fitted, H'aking - tuhcs, call bells, etc., have not arrived yet in the Student's Quarter. In a word, a young man who intends u llva among the Paris students, has need of virtue and patieuce and plenty of warm winter flannels. William O. Hamilton. Mot as I Will. Blindfolded and alnne I stand, With unknown threaholriann miMi han. The dnrknraa deepens I grope. ' i si tun one tiling i learn to Know Knch day more surely as I go, That doors are one tied, vnvi urn mart Burdens are lifted or are laid Hy some great law unaenn and still Unfatbonied purpose to fulllll, V(H1 Will, Blindfolded and alnne I wait; I, rain seems too bitter. sln ton lata! Too heavy burdens In the load, And too rew helpers on the road: And Joy Is weak and grief Is strong, And yearn and days so long, so long I Yet this one thing I learn to know Kseh dar more surely aa I so. That I am glad the good and III 11 cbnnitnlcm law sre ordered sllll, "Not as 1 will." 1 Not as T wltl t" thA aniinil a - pnwa awaat F,oh time my lips the words repeat! " Not as I will," tho darkness feels Moresnf than HuhLwhan tlilathiinhlatAla Llka whispered voles to cnlin aud blots vii unrest anu all loneliness. ' Not flu t Will." hwanan Dm Hna Who loved us flrsl and bent, hna gone Before llfl nn thn mail, anrl ail 1 1 1 For us must all Ills lov mi Ul 1 - not as we Willi" Helen Hunt Jaekton, Mil FOR HEALTH. U'ELL - KHOWN PEDESTRIAN ALL ABOUT IT. TELLS The Exercise Should Not Be Violent to Begin With. There Should Be No Attempt at Any - thins But Natural Gait Weston's Advice. New Yobk, July 9. redestrianism for health and pleasure has been taken up this summer by a considerable number of New Yorkers and parties for travel afoot are not now uncommon. "It is now twenty years since I began walking in public," said Edward Payson Weston to - day, "and two years since I quit it. It became such a business for gamblers and other disreputable people that I am glad to be out of it. But I have always done what I could to interest people in it as a healthful exercise and I have no doubt that many have become interested in it through the public efforts in which I was a kind of pioneer. I don't wish to speak in a boastful spirit at all, but I shall have to refer some what to my experiences in order to suggest how young or old men had better go to work to enjoy walking without suffering any discomfort 'or injury. In the first place let me say that I have never been a trainer at all. My theory is that walking is natural for man and the more artificial it is made, either by training or methods, the worse. If I had been a short - distance walker I might have prepared myself for races in a different way, for in trying to make from one to ten miles in the quickest possible time one must utilize every device WESTON OS THE TRAMP. consistent with the rules of the sport to develop speed. In long - distance walking it is endurance more than speed that is required and therefore it is advisable to hamper nature with as few as possible of unusual conditions. When I have been announced for a long walk a six - days' contest or a thousand - mile walk, or something of that kind I have for a month or so before it was to begin abstained from all but the simplest, most nutritious food. Never a piece of pie or cake, nothing alcoholic, no tobacco. Fur theso things really add to the work the system has to do. Anil I would advise young men who purpose taking a walking vacation, and there is no better way for city men to employ their unci summer outing, to adopt tho same regimen. In fact, I have often thought it would be a capital idea to inaugurate a series of excursions for bank clerks, lawyers and other men of office occupations, on tho pedestrian plan. Lot a score or so go in a party, taking the train to Albany, say, and then walking by easy stages to the Adirondacks and through the mountains. They would return in better health than they over knew before." A NATURAL GAIT. "Did you practice to obtain familiarity with a special stride, or would you adviso such a party of young men to do so ?" "No, to both. I walk naturally. For the best walking, the heel - aud - too formula is bad. It brings an unnecessary strain upon tho teudons of the foot and in other ways is productive of bad results. If a man naturally walks with a short, quick Btride, let him continue to do so unhesitatingly. Wear light, broad shoes. The foot 6hould lie flat and extended in tho shoe, with a close fit across the instep. There should be plenty of room for the air to go pumping up between the toes with every step. That is healthful and on a long walk cooling and comfortable. Even on a short walk one should not consent to wear the fashionable shoe that pinches tho toes together." Is there no danger that men attempting HIS OWN BAOOAOE CARKIEIt. a walking tonr for tho first time will overdo the matter to their injuryf " "Certainly, but they will find themselves much moro comncteut for a louir distancn jaunt than they would prolably iinaeino. wen remember the sensation caused by one of my earliest efforts. I undertook to walk fifty miles a day for twenty - five consecutive days, not including Sundays. I accomnlishcd it without trouble and people thought it was something marvelous, lint it was nothiug compared to anotner race ot mine, In which I covered five thousand miles in one hun dred consecutive days. The most difficult feat in such an undertaking is not the total amount of ground to be covered, but the requirement of doing a stated amount, no more ana no less, on each day. A nd it could not bo done if the podestrian adopted an arti ficial stride. A man can walk naturally at tour to nve mnes an Hour; beyond that he will be more and more unnatural, awkward and eccentric in his movements. 0'I.eary, by the way, is tho most graceful walker I ever saw. He cun cover moro ground with A BAD OA1T. greater speed and less contortion than my of the walkers who have been before the public." to BEom on. "But yon would not snggest that new men at it could covor anything liko fifty biles a day" "No, twenty - five or thirty miles ought to be satisfactory, and I think I should recommend stages of twenty to begin with. They shonld avoid walking much In the host of th day, and an old - fashioned, simpls dovlot is always advisable in out - door walking in hot weather: wear a cabbage leaf or something else green under the hat to prevent sunstroke." .''A party of men on a vacation tramp would naturally want to carry along some baggage. Do yon recommend it?" " Yes, though it is not so much fun walking. Mast of my public undertakings have been made unencumbered, but for the practical purposes of roughing it in a civilized PEDS" IN THE MOUNTAINS. way baggage is necessary. The best way to carry it is in a knapsack and it should be loaded as lightly as possible. I shall never forget the first mile I carried a knapsack. It weighed forty - five pounds, more than is necessary, I am sure, for pleasure - seeking tramps. I thought there must be a ton in it at the end of the first mile and it did not seem as if I could continue to carry it. However, that as all other things became familiar eventually and I found I could make long inarches without much discomfort." TUB CABS OP TIIR FEET. "The care of the foot must bo a matter of prime importance to young as well as experienced pedestrians, is it not'" " Decidedly, and I think I can show that the strain of walking may be endured without annoyance beyond a natural weariness at the end of a day's journey. In the morning before beginning the tramp bathe in salt water. There is no need of expensive salt. Ten cents' worth of ordinary material is good and ample. Wipe dry and then bathe in whisky or some other spirits. Eepeat this treatment at the close of the day and continue it regularlyI don't think there is a better remedy for weariness or safeguard against trouble. It is a point that canuot be emphasized too strongly to those who contemplate a long tramp. The strain comes heaviest on the feet and they should therefore be carefully looked after. But it is simple to do so if the treat ment I recommend is faithfully at tended to. Sleep is a matter that is likely to givo great trouble. Unless a man gets a full and adequate amount of it every night he will break down soon on a walk. It was one of the hardest things I had to struggle against. Not that I had any difficulty in sleeping when night came and I was per mitteil to rest, but on tho road tho disnosi - tiou to sleep has attacked me irresistibly. I havo lain right down in my tracks absolutely overcome by sleep anil staid there, unconscious, for twenty minutes. Then I have waked np and felt apparently as re, freshed as if I had had a night of it. lhcro is ono thing I would caution young podestrians about. It is not protitablo to walk for exerciso upon pavements. It is very laborious aud unpleasant. The pave - ment does not give to tho foot at all and the effort therefore reacts on tho muscles. On the road, however, the effect is almost as if one were walking on a great rubber band, tho turf is so elastic. Why, I would rathor walk from Harlem to New Haven and back than from the Battery to tho Harlem britlgo aud return. There would be moro fatigue and soreness as tho result of tho shorter distance tramp than from the longer, and because solely ot the ditlerenco in turf aud pavement in their effect upon tho feet. A GRAND EXERCISE. "I hope walking will continue to grow in favor among people who do not expect to make anything more than fun and good health out of it. It is a grand exercise. It frequently fails to produce good results be - causo it is undertaken unwisely. It is of no use to a man to sit still all the week and then go out for a vigorous ten - mile spin. He will come home weary and irritable aud moro injured than benefited by his pains. don't mean to say that I would necessarily prescribe a aenuiteamount ot walking every nay ior men, out 1 uo tlilnK that long dis tanco tramps undertaken for tho pleasure of tne experience anu pursued seiisilily,leisurely and comfortably, aro immensely beneficial and may stock a man with vitality in two weeks for another year of seden uiry uio in tne cny. nut 1 sup - poso that walking is already so popular that no one win ever again nave the iiuiiiio and delightful experiences that wore my good tortuno during my career years ago. It seemed then as if it were a comparatively new tuiiig ior a man to use ins logs for loco motion. Some of my pleasantest memories are oi England. 1 walked there under the auspices of the church, and ou some of my long jaunts on the road I was accom panied by clergymen and physicians, besides of course reporters from the Lon ion papers, jjut tuey wero in wagons. xseyeniioiess, so novel was the nature of the feat I was engaged in that I was rarely entirely alone on the turf. rirst one and then another of the ac companying party would slip down from his seat in uio wagon to join mo and be my com pauion ior a lew nines, sometimes it was because they wero tired of sitting still, moro often because they wore interested by tho undertaking. And we were frequently joined also by the residents of houses along tno route, many a time tn passinz a sent e man's estate have we been summoned to come in to lunch, and once I remember that daughter of Lord Stafford walked along with mo for a mils or two. I am afraid that an humble Amoricnn tramnins now ihnmirh England or any other part of the world would not succeed in attracting so much at tention. WAI.KINO PROMOTES GRACE. " But to return ; my head is evidently too full of reminiscences. One of tho desirable results of all general exercise is to mako the body supple and render the movements graceful. Now walking is just calculated to bring out the inherent grace of the body and that ond should be bonis in mind when taking tlio exercise. Never allow yourself to think for a moment that you can invent a bettor way of using the legs than nature suggests, I have scon so many amateurs stalk about the track or along the road. winging thoir arms vigorously and keeping tho legs as stiff at tha knnna as if thore were no joints there. All a bad mistake. Tho annsshould swing naturally, and according to tho stride thoy will swing all right without conscious effort on the part of the pedestrian. The still - logged tellows have a theory that the violent swinging of the arms tends to throw the body along and kee it in balance. The latter is what it should do. But extravagant motion of the arms limply tire a man out all the faster. No man ihould ever sot out on a long distance tramp and act if he were afraid he was going to miss a train. Take things comparatively easy, aiming not to cover a distance as quickly as poaaihlo, but to go a certain distance during the day, and averaging tho rate with that in view. I always think it Is better to set the stint before starting and then resolutely accomplish It, unless Indeed there should be an accident to pro - vent." MOUNTAItf CLtatntMfl. " Do you consider mountain climbing ben flcial under the head of walking ?" Uertainly. The more interest the pedes trian can arouse In the object about him on tha tramp the better It will be for htm. He ought always to have companionship, and If I ware piloting people on a pleasure Jaunt I it I If 4 ONE WAY. think I should recommend most heartily tuai a mountainous region be visited. " I have had young men in mind during most of this talk, but few men get so old that they cannot walk with pleasure and profit. I need not say that it is a good anti - iai remeay. i unnk it is better than running for reduction of flesh, because it does it gradually and without any violent effect upon the general system. It is a great equalizer of the vitality. But I do not think that an ordinary man needs to walk a given amount every day to keep iu good trim. It might be better for him, but it is not practicable, a tew miles every other day, or often enough to prevent the system from feeling that the exertion is strange, should be healthful and agreeable. And a man in moderate health may look forward to a Ions distance tramp over jthe roads with no anx - ifitr o.,4 - l.;,. ... ... 1 :i. rm 1119 nuLiiiy lu It. Aiiero is no sense in having a trainer for such an event. Bear in mind that it is not an unnatural proceeding and that all needed is a good normal condition of the body. Then follow the specific suggestions I have made ana ail will be well." NATURAL f "'JIENT. An Enormous Bed of It iu the Texas Natural Gaa Keglon. Prom the Port Worth Gazette. Beneath the generous soil of Tarrant county lies a mine of wealth greater than that dug from the mines of Golconda, greater than the pearls under Oman's green water, greater than the famous mines of Cornwall, greater than tho treasures of the Orient, greater than the wealth of California or the treasures of Brazil. It is, in brief, a per fect, futerminable wilderness of first - class cement and building rock. It lies buried under the surface from 50 to 100 feet in depth. It is all under Tarrant county, extending into Wiso, Johuson, Parker and Dallas for some distance. Like all great discoveries, this discovery was merely the creature of accident. For a number of years artesian well - horera have been sinking wells all over this county. They worked separately and no one knew what the other was doing. Recently a meeting was held an informal meeting where everyone spoke freely aud it was disclosed that the universal experience was that at a depth of from fifty to one hundred feet beneath the Burface lay a strata of solid white rock, without a scam or defect, one hundred and fifty feet in thickness. This is the sort of rock which imprisons natural gas, but natural gas is now conceded by all to be here in abundance. The value of this rock is that it will make a cement far superior to tho famous Portland cement and it will furnish a building rock equal if not superior to the best granite. It is not definitely settled whether or not this mineral will answer all the purposes of white lead. When pulverized and snread nnon a building of wood or stone, it turns to a beautiful white as soon as it becomes dry. There is no question about its being a natural cement, and there is no question about its being a magnificent building rock, which, when exposed to tho air and sunshine, becomes harder than granite "There is, on a moderate estimate," said a gentleman well versed in mineralogy, "enough of this rock under Tarrant county to givo employment to 100,000 men for 1,000 years, or forever for that matter." STEPHENS' AJIbTriO.V. The Georgia Statesman Thought lie Would Have Keen a Great General. From Die Atlanta Constitution. " It seems strango that men who achieved great success iu a particular sphere should bclievo that their fort lay in another direc tion, and yet they frequently do," was tho remark of a well - known gentleman yester day. "I hero was the lato Goveruor Stephens, who reached a high plane as a statesman and author, and who, certainly, was considered a successful man with a suc cessful career; yet Mr. Stephens always thought that ho had missed his calling, lie frequently spoke about his mistake, as he was pleased to call it, and while there were few in Ins lifetimo who would havo agreed with him, he nevertheless was honest aud sincere about the matter." "What did ho think he should have tried !" asked one of the party. " Why, nothing less than the science of war. Mr. Stephens thought ho was admirably fitted to command a largo army, that his talents lay in the way of strategy, manoeuvring and military nnesse. lie oiten hinted that Con federate campaigns might have resulted differently had ho engineered them. Of course, he was aware that he lacked the physical capacity to put in execution his ideas. His intention was that with some one to execute the plans he devcloned and shaped, great success would follow. I do not know that this peculiarity was gene rally kuowu, but it was true of tho ' old commoner, as he liked to be called." Good Qualities of the Spidor. From the Willlamsport Grit. Among tho many things that summer brings for one to enjoy Is the spider. The spider family is numerous, there being no leas than fifty tribes. All of them have eight legs, with threojolnts in each, tcrnilnatluo In thin crooked claws. I interviewed ono yesterday, aud the occasion was so impressive that It will long remain green in memory. The one I had tbo extrcmepleasure of meeting had eight eyes In the shape of a letter V; on the front part of his head was a pair of sharp croaked claws or forceps, which stood horizontally, and which, when not In use, are hidden from view in little cases beautifully adapted for their reception, and lu which they fold up likeaclasp - knifo, and remaiu there between two rows ot teeth. The outur akin Is a hard, polished crust. From my recent experience I am forced to the conclualon that as an entertainer the unassuming American spider Is immense, anil never fails to extend a warm reception, flu ia reniurkablo as an architect and an upholsterer has wisdom, foresight and bravery and he provides for himself, his family and thslr future. Why no Keeps On Advertising. From the Lancaster New Era, I went Into a manufacturing establishment In tbla city recently, and one of the proprietors told me that they did not Intend to advertise any more for some time, became they had more work than they could do! This was doubtless the truth; I believe the establishment Just now baa more work than It can do; but what of the future? Those things don't last forever, and I believe with the Philadelphia merchant recently referred to In some of the Philadelphia papers that when an establishment seems overcrowded with patronage, that Is tbe very time to advertise. "Why," said a vlaltor to the Philadelphia honae In question, ' your atora ia constantly crowded and fet I find your advortiatnnenMn every paper pickup. Why don't you stop advertlnintr and save exponaoa?" " llecnuae," replied the proprietor, with a knowing amlle, "because 1 waul to keep the place crowded I" The Growth of the Foot. . A fair - faced balie npon Its mother's knee, A aeedllng plant dropped down from Heaven one night To root, aud grow, and bloaaom In Its sight, And acnt tvr aeeds of truth to make men froe. A lltllo hulploaa, streuglblcss, rouud - cyed uuilK. With tlnv haliila that irrMHnnrl nt nmnlv air YetnugeTa hovered round with loving enro, Aud oft he, sleeping, smiled to hear them tog. A rosy, laughing boy, whoso glad, bright T'tlftlMlntl l - nt Vitr itiu, n namlA. Ina Iknn.t,! Some gleam of heaveuly radiance Lad From that high sourco thut lont his spirit a ' . A tnurw tiannw Kjvm m n.l - u. t h. .. ills blithe young heart as pure as morning Vet olt hla ricotv dark avna allll ilormap vHvr nuu aironger iiupuiae man nis cuuaisu A dreamy boy, content to lie for hours, uiiii niu iu orcuaru grass, 'neatu skies oi June. While birds sang overhead In sweet commune. And fair, pink petals fell In fragrant ahowers. auu tuougu no knew II nut, slue still too vonnir. The siiuahiiie and the birds, the gross, the trees, The d la i mi t mountain tops, tha whispering Each dwelled the fount that in his soul bad sprung. Dim, shadowy visions passed like fleeting nun; Faint, restless stirrings through his spirit atolo; Tbe lov nnil nnln of Htnnnnreaaeri hla annl Thanwot, wild hopes his throbbing turn - piea Kiaaeu, Hcfore hla waiting, longing eyes each day auu iikiii grow ciuarer, auu uia uouuis uis - pelled Till aure and certain was thn faith he halri. And atralgul aud bright his path before hlin lay. Then rose hit voice In tones pure, high and atmng, The gathered sweetness of hla silent years. The power born of conquered doubts auu feara Poll rod forth In one reslatlpss tldo of tnng; And men were huahed to listen; grander atlll j ii riorum lonea reaounilen, awept tne air With swelling rapture that was half a ttraver. A chord was struck that evermore should thrill. Kobtri Hutnptf A nderton, in Button Journal mm of m mm WHAT i WESTERN BOOM IS LIKE AND HOW IT BOOMS. A Booming Kansas Girl Gives Booming Account ef It. xlie New Eightli Wonder of the World Beyond tbe Mississippi, What It Is and How It Booms. WicniTA, Kansas, July 5. The world has seven wonders, but Kansas has added the eighth. The rapid rise and phenomenal growth of Wichita is without parallel, Perhaps you won't believe it, but we cordially invite call to prove it. Only you'd better engage board beforehand, for there are so many here ahead of you that in all tho hotels and multitude of boarding houses, there is scarce a cot to let ; and as for houses, they're rented while the foundation is digging. Upon arrival you will be very much surprised, no doubt, when you note the tide of humanity pouring iu and find among them home - seekers and wealthy capitalists from every quarter. Further on you'll be amazed, mildly speaking, to find yourself in the midst of a metropolis. As some one has aptly put it, 1 he wide handsome streets are black with people," alive with " rustlers" that last is a good word. You don't have it East, but it comprehends considerable. Vehicles of all descriptions crowd the public ways, and at times Douglas avenue, twenty - four feet wide, and Main street, 100 feet wide, are almost impassable. Were the renowned Betsy Bobbet to visit this city of constant commotion, she'd surely conclude, as she did when she struck Broadway, New York, "1 hat the Governor of the United States had died again," and conclude to wait for the funeral procession to pass by. And all the "animules" (this includes the diminutive donkeys, patient little oddities who pull the street cars) spry along at a rapid rate, knowing that in this tearing town vim and vitality, push aud pluck, hold the ribbons with impatient grasp. For fear you will grow bewildered let us leave the rush for a little while, take a drive and talk about the weather. Charming, isn't it? An ideal day in "An ideal city of a tvnical State." The breeze blows merrily all the while, and you find the freshenine wind peculiarly bracing. No, we never had any cyclones. They're afraid to wander to Wichita. Tho skies so blue and bright would grace sunny Italy, and the sunsets are certainly ' related to our sister across tho seas. Then on all sides aro trees whose branches blow aud bend in rhythm. Wichita (say it with a sneeze, so Wish - e - tah !) has well been called a forest city, for all her paths aro lined with shade, and if you tell truly you must say as "Josiah Allen's wifo" did of Washington, "Koomier, handsomer and well shadedcr streets I never want to sec nor don't expect to." Aud the first and second adjectives might well bo applied to too many turn - outs ono constantly meets, hike Columbia's city, too, we're one of magnificent distances, for the "Pride of the Prairies" is built out about five miles nortl and south and six east and west. And all about it are tho prettiest bits of woodland part of which has been converted into two city parks. The water - ways irive us these. and in the hot weather the shady nooks and cool retreats allonl us gratctul rest. Spring nine is aeiigntnii anu tno season opens early. In Kansas City tho April moon looked down on a snow - storm, while hero it watched and listened to the lads and lasses as they gayly went boating. After a while it does get hot, that's a fact, but tho winds mow it away by evening and wo coolly sleep the sleep of the just. Speaking of sleeping I must tell you tho standing joko of Kansas. It is bed bugs. They aro said to bo imported in Michigan lumber. No matter which way we go we'ro bound to strike a college If future gene rations don't drink deep at learning's shrine it won't be because we don't intend to havo enough well - filled pumps to keep thorn going. Truly in our age and clime is the old prophecy fulfilled: "Many shall run to aud fro and knowledge shall be increased." It is well Boston is so far away, for after we get our spring crop of beans harvested we know our Athens would be a dangerous rival. We only expect to have nine colleges and universities, besides the excellent public schools. To the east, on College Hill, will stand the Wichita University of the Reformed Church of tho United States. Across tho river, iu West Wichita, is the Garfield University, built by the Christian Church. This institution sustains a severe loss in tho recent death of Timothy Coop, the London philanthropist, who, for love of his church and the name the building bears, had located here that ho might push tho work in which he was so greatly interested. Up in the north section the Congrcga - tionalists are patting up Fairmount Collego, exclusively for ladies ; on the south is tho Judson University, of Baptist denomination. Then we have a thio academy in charge of tho Presbyterians, and they also will soon put np a college. The Catholics, not wishing to be behind, will do the same thing. Wo must not forget tho business collego, nor to motion tho modol High School. Kansas can justly be proud of her schools. In our city ',000,000 has lately been given for educa tional purposes. Public spirit, whenever called upon, is very liberal. Not long ago, in one evening the fund for tho new building of tho Young Men's Christian Associa tion was run up to $ - 17,000. Now it is $30,000, with tho sanguine expectation of making it $75,000 at least Their building will be five stones high, and they intend to make it worthy of tha naiuo. If enterprise and enthusiasm menu anything, they certainly will. As for churches, almost every denomina tion is represented down to the Salvation Army, and we rejoice to say that tho spirit of cordiality and good Christian fellowship seems to pervade all to an unusual degree. Prominent also in the good work is the Ladies' Benevolent Home and Women's Christian Temieranoe Union, which latter has admirably conducted reading and lunch rooms. Just here let me remark that whisky In our town Is very hard to get, for thanks to our new Mayor the joint ists are being severely dealt with, and under the new law the druggists aro disgusted. We'll let you test our fine water works instead. The water, after examination, has been pronounced "very good," and soon they will bring it up through a little sand island, when, alter lurthor puritying, it will go forth a first - class - iu - every - particular article Yes, we intend to bo a first - class - in - overy - parlicular city. We have miles and miles of horse car lines, and two motor Hues in process of construction. A Board of Trade, lately organized, will guard our interests scaluusly. We have a huo public library. Newspapers, daily aud weekly, aro numerous, and will tell you all you want to know and probably more than you'll believe. The Eagle is our largest paer. You may have seen it, lor nuntlretls ot copies have lieen sent out all over the country. Colonel Mur - dork, the editor, is well known aa the " rustler " who leads all the rest. He seems born to boom, and, in appreciation of what he has done for the city, the business men recently furnished his private office at a cost of several thousand dollars. Let ns look at it a moment. Up we go until we reach the third story. Them, in the hay window, between tho curtains, sits Jupiter himself, ready to hurl bis thunderbolts at Wichita's envious foes, or to smile at her friends as graciously as the flowers in the window be - ind him. Just above, with pinions spread, tho "bird of Jove" poises in attentive attitude, Tho splendors and beauties of tho large room call for an inexhaustible supnlv of adjectives. It is full ot costly and rare bric - a - brio of every description, together with pictures, mirrors and cabinets, filled with relict and trophies of other dayt and lands. You notice as we drive through the prin cipal streets block after block of brick and mortar pressing one against another. Num bers of theso aro wholesale houses, whoso business it simply enormous. Tho Jobbing trado Is also very large, and it It said that wore three times Wichita's present capital invested in this line the still could not sup - ly the trade naturally tributary to her. One lundred and seventeen manufacturing in dustries were reported a couple of months ago, and more are ronalnntly coming In. Wichita Is most fortunately situated in tho southeastern part of the Htatc. in the midst of a benntiful valley, Inst where the two Arkansas rivers meet. Ita geographical location makes it a natural centre for a vast amount of country, rich and rapidly being settled. The railroads here and those coming, nine in all, will give it unsurpassed commercial facili - ies, and being a safe distance removed from any dangerous rival all agree that it cannot but be a wholesale distributing point for the great Southwest. On a late visit Jay Gould said that his predictions last fall to the effect that Wichita would soon be the leading city west of the Missouri river were being fulfilled more rapidly than he had expected. And Ed. S. Kinsley, of Boston, president of the Wichita and Western liailroad, is quoted as saying that now " no adverse influence can hinder Wichita from becoming not only tho largest city in Kansas, but among the greatest citiss of the West." We have the only clearing house in the State and the sum of business for one week in March is given at $2,000,000. Another week the register of deeds amounted to fully as much and sometimes the real estate transfers reach $2,000,000 a week. The excitement for a while was intense and tbe real estate offices presented indescribably animated scenes. A boom, to be appreciated, must be seen and felt. One's idea of values undergo considerable change; $75 seems about as much as 75 cents did in the good old State of Pennsylvania. Large fortunes have been made by those who invested judiciously and kept their craniums cool. One of the best corner lots in the city brought $3,000 a front foot. Real estate is not only high here but it also gets very hilarious at times, whirling and flvine eavlv in every direction. and by the time it is through with us, or all turougii us, rather, we re a comical combina tion ot dust aud despair. And all the while, like Oliver Twist, we constantly cry " some more, give us lots of it - corner lots it you please." A copious three days rain some time ago, ana Heavy showers lately, have poured their treasures into our hands. lue building and business which back It Up are almost bast eomnrehe.nsinn .figures show that there are 3.1H2 new buildings contemplated within the present year. The estimated cost, said to be a low one, is piacea at S4.0OO.OOO. Workmen are kept back for waut of material. They cannot get it here fast enouirh. According to a visiting scribe, one of the railroads is nnnging in htty car loads of lumber a day; also that in one day this same company had 8,000 car loads of freight, which would amount to more than fifty miles if the cars were piaceu enu to end. The buildings under contract iuclnda blocks. At present over 2,000 feet frontage of me ana six - story buildings are going up. ine t,arcy Hotel, six stones, costing $100,000. is iust nearinff cnmoletion. and with its heavy cut stone arches and ornamentations presents a handsome appearance. Ground has been broken lor $150,000 government building, which, bo - sides containing the Post Office, will bo the headquarters of tho United States District Lourt located here. In October last we were granted free mail delivery. Our visitors complain ot irregularity in this direction out pieaso aon't blame us. Give it to tno 1 resident for not allowin" us stilti - cient lorce. Last year the general post olhco business amounted to about ,00O. In 1K70 tbe mail went around in cigar - nox. 1 nat was when Wichita was on homestead land, so you see the " Princess of the Plains," as men delight to call our royal city, is but "sweet sixteen." When we consider this, is it any wonder that we regard her growth as marvelous? Six years ago the population was five thousand ; now it is thirty - five thousand. Thus, although coin paratively in her infancy, companies, corpo rations and individuals have united to make vt lchita a city which, for nroeress and tiros - pcrity, stands second to none in tho history of the Western cities. In the words of our late, lamented friend, the Queen of Shcba, .the halt has not been told." But now the day is done and the cool evening comes vvitn us sotny signing breezes. Let us haste that we reach College Hill before the sun goes down, and there look onco more upon tho pretty Princess ere she goes to sleep in tho peaceful valley. Two miles removed, how very - beautiful! Our eager eyes seem to have caught a glimpse of Paradise. The mind, wearied and restless, settles to repose and drinks deep tho quiet beauty of tho lovely picture. Down the gentlo slope our vision wanders to where " the child of our aitection" lies cradled m her bower of green, and think, from out the wild waste of years " Her structures rlso As from the stroke of an enchanter's wand 1" Beyond, tho western sky blushe3 and glows, and the hugo clouds above catch and fling back the shimmering lights. Bo - hind us stretch tho prairies, covered with springing grasses and dotted with posies peeping out like little stars; while hero and there wo seo a farm - house just a bird's nest with a bit of shado. We turn, and the sun, just at tho horizon, seems to stay his great red beams in lingering benediction. UBACK HOWABD LOVE. Trogresa of Art In Kansas City. From the Chicago News. At a recent sallonyln Kansas City mas terpieces of local artists sold for !25 to $150 each, the highest price being paid for No. 8, catalogued as "Jesso James," a portrait. Mr. Richardson, a Chicago artist, who was there, says that Kansas City art patrous pay so much a front foot for pictures. A good picture one with plenty of red In It and desirably located will bring J20 per front foot. Pictures there are divided Into two classes - improved and unimproved, theone framed and the other unframed. Bales are called "transfers." Mr. Richardson says: "1 have been in Kansas City about two years, aud tne arts nave maue tremenaous strides in that time. When I went there the people hardly knew the difference between a wut, - r color and a grease spot, but now they can tell a Mysonyay from a Raphael or a modem school from an old master with their eyes shut. There aro In Kansaa Citylabout flfteeu artists and all are doing a rattling business. One of tho queer things about the town is that the people will not patronize a studio. An artist must have an alalyay if he wauls to do business. A studio may be all rieht enough for UU Joseph aud Leavenworth aud liberty, but nothing short of au atalyay will catch on in Kansas City." A Work of Sir Joaliua Heyuolds. From the Boston Transcript. The other day a working jeweler named Simpson, In Brighton, England, met with a straugo piece ol luck at au auction In thut towu. A picture of a negro, In an old aud dilapidated frame, was put up as a lot, and wut knocked down to him "for a mere sonu" amid the Jeers of the brokers and other attendants of the rooms. On the back of tbe ennvas. however. Mr. 8lmnson hnd noted. when tbe picture was ou view tho previous uay, me wiinia - ir. jonnaou s servant; and his curiosity being stimulated thereby he referred to "lloawell," and to tho ' - Life of Reynolds," wbennefounu that Kir Joshua had painted at least one portrait of John Williams, the black who was ao lone in Ihn service of Johnson. The style of palutlnir struck several amateurs aa rather in the style ol Mir Joanna Reynolds, ana that view nas since been connrmca by experts. It Was Stronger Than the Boy. From the Plttaharc Dispatch. "My dear," said Mngrudor's wife, "I see that the prince ol vt alos calls champagne the boy.' " "Oh, yes. That Information's old." "Strange I hadn't henrd of It before But it explains something to mo." " What Is that, my dear?" " I now realir.0 what you mean when you any ;uu ure guius w aee a nitiu. How Frank Hatton Hates Fraud. From the Chicago Mall. Cincinnati, with a cheek that Is granlte - HKo, wants tne next nntionnl convention held In that city. And that with tho recollection atilt freah In the mind of the people that tbe laat convention held lu that city re - auiicu iu fcue uuiuiuuuuu ul uayes. A Permit That Permits Too Much. From the New Orleans rionyune. Ills thought a building permit obtained from the city Includes a penult to occupy all of the sidewalk on the front and aide of tho building lot und as much of theatrect aa Is not used by street cars while the building process la going on. Gore Might Have Stained the Jubilee. From the Plttalmrg Chronicle. It is queer that Queeu Victoria did not confer the Order of the Bath on some of Buffalo Bill's Indians. The Dude's Lament, " I'm reduced to despair," Quoth the dude, with a stare, "When the Prince gets his ' tlpa ' from tbo wild woolly West. If Mil flalo Hill Hots the styles at his will, Shall the fashions be altered at lied Shirt's beheat? " Have we sufrerod In vain AU tbla cerebral atralu In aping tho Prince aa be held ua In tow, Who, with favor and prnlae, Now affect the wild wava Of Bnflalo Bill aud his outlaudiah showf " Must the ftiahlon compel A thoroughbred swell, Who longs lor the light ol Imperial smiles, Now to hanllly spurn What ho tailored to learn And come down to homely American styles? " Oh f give ns a Prince Whom you cannot convince That excellence dwells In the wild, bloody w rav. To tracb na wllh rare Kaeh new Hrlllah stare ! For everything Kugllah Is aurrly the boat." nammort araWd. llAMmCMyflLiTEi GENERAL LOGAN'S TRIBUTE TO OCB CITIZEN SOLDIERS. Military and Naval Education West Point and Annapolis. Where Shall the Republic Ijook for Its Defenders? Au Interesting Book. The lato General Logan was throughout his life an earnest worker. At the bar he was a thorough student and a conscientious guardian of the interests of his clieuts. In the army ho was not only active in moving upon the enemy and alert in guardingagainst his approach, but unsparing of himself in his exertions for the comfort of his command. In Congress ho was a worker, both in committee and on the floor. No public man of his time was in greater demand as a speaker in political campaigns or asan orator on special occasions. Besides all this ho found time for social enjoyments and duties and for considerable literary labor. General Logan dined with his colleague, Senator Cullom, only few days before he was seized with his fatal illness. In the course of the after - dinner conversation he spoke of completing a new book on the " Volunteer Soldier." Senator Cullom expressed surprise at his literary activity. " The fact is, Senator," General Logan answered, with a smile, " that however late I may be in going to bed, I rise very early, and thus I have a good hour and a half for work before most of my neighbors get their eyes open in the morning." General Logan did not live to see this work in the hands of a publisher, but it now appears with the imprint of B. S. Peale & Co., Chicago, making a large octavo volume of over seven hundred pages. Prefixed to this work is an appreciative memoir of the author hy Dr. C. A. Logan, and tho volume contains, besides, a chapter of military reminiscences from General Logan's journal. Dr. Logan's memoir is not so much a biography of General Logan as an estimate ot his character. As such it is a fit prelude to tho last work of General Logan's busy life, aud tho work itself is an appropriate ending to tho labors of a remarkable career. General Logai was not only a worthy citizen, an eminent statesman and a distinguished soldier, but his military services pointed him out as pre - eminently the model of the American volunteer. As a citizen soldier he ever had near his heart the glories and in terosts of the volunteer soldiery of America. His theme was therefore to him a congenial study. General Logan believed that our system of military organization and instruction is inadequate to the necessities of the Republic and consequently wrong. To demonstrate this was his aim in writing " The Volunteer Soldier of America," and while his views may not be at once accepted and acted upon, bis work cannot fail to exert a wholesome influence iu molding the future military system of the Uuited Slates. General Logan begins his work with a history of military education iu tho United States. All his arguments are directod against the system exemplified by the Military Academy at West Point. Ho holds that tho initial mistake of the fathers was in failing to provide for a general military education of tho masses, instead of the establishment of a military school for training lew proiessional soldiers every year. While General Logan does not attempt to write a history of the Military Academy at West Point or tiio Naval School at Anna nolis. ho gives an intelligible sketch of both, es - pwially as they were affected by leeislation. This is followed by a discussion of their present adaptability to the needs of the lie - public. Unfortunately General Logan bases this discussion upon a somewhat narrow view of the subject. Ho is firmly convinced that West Point and Annapolis have failed because so many of their graduates followed their States into rebellion in 1801. No avslem of military education could have prevented a similar perversion of the original aim of these institutions under the circumstances. Civil war is not to be considered in providing a Republic with a military system, but tho general sentiment of the American people will agree with General Logan that our military system, as at present organized, ia inadequate to the needs of the country. All of us are united in opposition to a standing army. Even the present establishment is ouly useful as a sort of frontier police. In a war with Spain or Great Britain or even with Mexico we should have to look to tha volunteers for an army. Undor our West Point system we are educating a few olhcers annually, but with the excoption of our lit tle police torce that we call an army we are not educating soldiers who would be available in case of a sudden emergency. General Logan argues strenuously against our present system of military aud naval education as aristocratic in its tendencies. Tho subject is interesting so far as discussion goes, but the system docs not seem to bo fraught with any real danger. A uuifurm implying military rank is neither class distinction nor a sign of aristocracy. The soldier makes a poor aristoorat anywhere, unless, like General Lord Wolsclcy, he is madoalord as well as a general. With ns tho military is no more a privileged class than tho civil servants of the government, who are practically oniciais ior lite under tho civil service rules. Even General Logan admits that the evil is wholly theoretical, not practical. Fifty millions of freemen increased by nearly 1,000,000 annually are not likely to Bee a powerful aristocracy growing up among them by tho yearly addition of two hundred secoud lieutenants to the army list. At the same time Logan was right in demanding a widen ing of our military system, and his book cannot fail to do much good in pointing out and enforcing this necessity. The work ought to have a large circulation and bo generally studied because it is the only so far published iu this country that tenches Unit in a Republic the citizen must be the soldier. He Wore a Silver Nose on Sunday. From the lloston Post "I once knew a sea captain who enmo from about here," ho continued, In a llghtor strnin, " who hnd an encounter with a shark In hia youth and lost his nose, and for tbe sake of harmony rather than vanity he had a tin false nose made to look ns much like tbe lost feature aa possible When he went to sea he tried always to make his crew recognize the Sabbath with appropriate reaped and observance; he therefore Ingeniously had a silver nose made for him - self which ho wore nn Sunday, keeping the tin nose for week (lays, and tho algnal was always respected, so far as he knew." Perhaps be never heard that the Ballon always called thn Huhhath " Hllwr - uoae dav," as they might well havo easily beeu pardoued for doing. The Inborn lUght to Kick. From tha Mlnneafiolla Jourual. "I auppose some people call mo a kicker," remarked a traveling man at the Nicollet, "Well, maybe I am. I wouldn't give a plugged penny fur a man who doean't kick. It Is a God given right, and when I think I ought to exercise It, I don't go half way. If my riMiui in i iixru up hii ncm, l go to uio oltleeand Bay ao. I don't bother wllh the chambermaid, if the waiter doean't aerva me proporly I go to the head waller. I don't raise a row, but when I pay 13 a dav I want S3 worth of accoimnodntlotiB. At the same tune If I can do so I like to pritae the hotel reuple for what they do, and I'll waiter that faro better tuuu threw - fourtha of tha iimu on tho road." I)ou't Kxpert Ton Mnrh of a Knife. From the ftprlnjrfleld Homaatead. Proprietor of the restaurant; "Mike, what Is the matter with tbla carving kuiref I ninde It a a harp aa a maor thla morning, and now It la notched up liko a aaw." Mike: "Km aor. one of tha costomon grabbed it from ma thla morulug, aud cut a sandwich lu two wld It, aor." Which Is Why Iteo Wanta to Stop. From theChlcaito Harald. The shrewd and pntrintlo n. Tltitlor pro poses to "stop right here at the flags, " In the matter of returning things to the South. And yet there are things which honest Hen. niiiln miKhi rcatore witn full promise of iiiiminlly aud uo questions asked. Diaeord In tha Capitol Iluot. From the Harrlshura Ntar. If Henator Matt Quay Is yet of tbe opinion that "the revenue bill was defeated by corporation Influence," he should write the Governor a Mur Baying, "Dear Ih - avar, don't talk; you are luuklug a liar of me." The People' Triumph In WeatmnrelaniU From tha Oraenahiirg Ramrd. John Cm1 apelled (iod with a little "a" and Philadelphia with an "I," but he got thsre all the a uia. at

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 19,400+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free