The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 11, 1966 · Page 10
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 10

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, November 11, 1966
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Page 10
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BJythevffl* (Ark.) Courier Newi - Friday, Novembtr 11, MM =~ ' "' ' ==^~SS^B^=gg I FARM NEWS Review and Forecast Maloch Says By 0. V. Maloch County Agent The quality of seed from our 1966 cotton crop is likely to be well below the average and certainly below feat desires. Verti- cilliurn wilt has been quite common throughout the state and boll rot has been estimated at about six per cent. Although we have no positive evidence that Verticillium wilt is seed-borne, there is ample evidence that it lowers seec quality. Sed in partially rotted bolls is of a very low quality In addition to these two diseases, the below normal temperatures we have expsriencec for the past six or seven weeks has not doubt lowred the seed quality. Since this situation has prevailed in most of the mid-south, growers are likely to be faced with a difficult task of finding good quality seed or the 1967 season. WitSi this situation at hand, it may be wise to have a germination test made before delinting and treating any seed. Cotton Growers to Vote on Marketing Quotas -•Eligible cotton producers will vote by mail on whether they favor marketing quotas on the 1967 crop of cotton, the U. S. Department of Agriculture an- uonced in October. As in past years, the program must be approved by cotton growers before it can be placed in operation. A national colon referendum will be held during the perid December 5 through 9, 1966. In this referendum at least two-thirds of the cotton farmers voting must approve cotton marketing quotas for 1967 before the essential provisions of the program can go into effect. I more than one-third of the grwers voting disapprove, the only cotton program will be price support at 50 per cent of parity for growers who do not exceed their acreage allt- ments. This will be the first tee that farmers will vote by mail ballot on cotton marketing quotas. Skip Row Planting to 19«7 A number of farmers in South Mississippi County planted skip row cotton in 1966 on some of the sandy and clay loam soils. In recent weeks I have heard several say that they did not intend to plant four in and four out next year because it had been so difficult to control weeds and grass in the four skipped rows. Also some farmers had trouble with their mechanical picker due to the dirt from the skip rows being piled up to close to the outside rows of the cotton. For those who do plan to continue their skip row planting they will need to consider some of the following statements: (1) To get benefit from the fallow, plant the cotton on the skipped rows (2) Reduce the nitrogen by from 20 to 40 pounds with an average of 30 pounds less than the rate recommended by the soil test. (3) Prepare the beds on the fallow rows in the fall so Sia they will be good and firm by planting time. (4) Due to cost of materials and labor it is essential that ground equipment be available for insecticide and defoliant applications. (5) Keep the rows in the same place so that the beneficial effect of the fallowing will not be lost. (6) Extra thick spacing on land that produces big stalks frequently reduces yields on summer fallowed land. Harvesting Efficiency of Combines Associate Agent Allen Harmon and your county agent, D V. Maloch, made efficiency checks last week on three combines on three different arms. Farm 1. The most efficient combine left 20 pounds of soy- ieans per acre scattered over he ground but left relatively ! ew on the stalks. This corn- line bad the cutter bar supported by a robot or leveler. Also he ground was relatively uni- brm as very litHe dirt had >een piled on the row and the middles were cultivated at a very shallow depth. Farm 2. The second combine efficiency check showed that 106 pounds of beans were left scattered over the ground and a small per cent • probably 20 pounds of beans per acre - were left on the stalks. In field number two the row porfile was ^regular due to 'deep cultivation The cutter bar could not be kept at a uniform height. Farm 3. On farm three the combine operation left HI lounds of beans scattered over he ground and about 120 pounds in the pods on the stalks The row profile was reasonably uniform in height but the middles were probably too deep or the most efficient harvesting. The combine was probably covering too much ground for efficient peration. The loss from the first com bine is about as small as one can expect. The loss on the was costing about ?4.50 per acre. J // ollap a / ' ale (Editor's Note The following is one in a series of articles which are being prepared by various Mississippi County farmers who are interested i nthe $1 per bale program, soon to be offered as a referendum by the United States Department of Agriculture.) By W. H. Wyat t Cotton is the best all-around fiber known to man. It beats all substitutes in comfort, weara- bility, washability, and many other qualities. Why, then, is cotton going into storage while consumption of other fibers is increasing? Why is there a 16.9 millin-bale cotton carryover and almost a one- third cut in cotton acreage? Why did consumption of non- cellulse fibers such as Dacron and Orion jump from 2.9 million hales in 1960 to seven million bales in 1965 while cotton was sustaining a 24 per cent decline in its share of the domestic textile market? While the answers to these questions can become quite involved, they can be Incorporated Into one simple statement: synthetic fibers an vastly cut- researching and outpromoting cotton. Synthetic fibers are spending nearly fUO million a year on research. Expenditures for cotton research, from all sources, total about $26.5 million. Some 14 giant corporations last year spent abut $65 million to promote their fibers as compared With only $4 million spent to promote cttn. These huge prgrams of cotton's competitors are aimed at: (1) creating new or improved fibers, (2) developing attractive, well designed products which utilize these fibers, (3) offering incentives to mills finishers, manufacturers, and retailers to make and sell products made of their fibers, and (4) building consumer de- through extensive advertising.- In research the odds are six to one against cotton. The promotional odds are 16 to one. These odds are killing cotton. Cotton fanners — some 500,000 strong — have developed a way, however, to fight back. They will vote soon in a Belt- wide referendum on establishing a uniform assessment of $1 per bale for expanded research and promotion. There are compelling reasons, as outlined above, for approving this program overwhelmingly, and I firmly believe It will be approved. On Missco Farms By Keith BUbrey, County Ajent Cotton producers woll vote December 5-9 to determine whether a research and promotion order should be issued for upland cotton. This is known locally as the proposed $1 per bale for research and promotions. The referendum will be conducted by mail ballot, through county ASCS offices, in conjunction with the upland cotton marketing quota referendum, but in a separate ballot. Approval by two-thirds of the producers voting, or by a majority if producers voting if that majority accounts or two- thirds of the cotton represented in the referendum, Is necessary for the order to become effective. The proposed cotton research and promotion program would nominated by cotton producing organizations and selected by the secretary of agriculture. The program would be financed through assessments ol $1 per bale from upland cotton producers, to be collected by cotton handlers designated by the cotton board. Collections from any producer who did not wish to contribute would be refunded upon written application Assessment would start at the beginning of the ginning season or the 1967 crop. C&MS officials said producer: are eligible to vote in the referendum if they were engaged in the production of file 1966 upland cotton crop druing calendar year 1966. Those sharing !n a cotton crop, or proceeds from it, on a farm as an owner, cash tenant, sharecropper, share tenant, or landlord of a share tenanl (except for a landlord of standing rent, cash rent, or fixed rent tenant), shall be considered engaged in the production of that crop. In addition, owners or operators of a farm or which an acreage allotment fo ran upland cotton crop was established according to the Agricultural amended, but on which that crop was not produced, shall generally be considered to be engaged in the production of that crop in the year in which Siat crop, if produced, would have been harvested. This definition of "engaged in production" is also used in the marketing quota referenda regulations. Each producer is entitled to only one vote In the referendum, although he may have cotton intereste in more than C&MS oficials explained, however, that if it is necessary ;o calculate the volume of production by voters to determine lie outcome of the referendum, county ASCS offices will make this calculation on the basis of their records of 1966 planted acreage and projected lint yield per acre for each farm. A farmer with additional production in a county or state other than the county in which he is eligible to vote must establish that interest with his county ASCS office prior to the beginning of the reerendum in order for that production to be considered. Tax Course Set For Jonesboro By BO GIBSON Associate County Agent Arrangements have been completed for eight short Income tax short courses in Arkansas. These courses are designed for those who assist with or file farm and small business tax returns. Farmers may attend even though they do not file their own tax returns. All schools are free. The first session or this area will begin at 9 a.m. on Nov. 17 and 18 and adjourn at 4:30 p.m. each day* The meeting place is the Farm Bureau Building In Jonesboro. Another course starts in Forrest City on Dec. 15 and 16 at the National Bank of Eastern Arkansas community room. Session begins at 9 a.m. and adjourns at 4:30 p.m. The schools are sponsored by the Agricultural Extension Service, Little Rock. Topics to be discussed in the first day of tile program are the following: 1. 1966 applicable changes In income tax law; 2. Requirement for filing returns - (a) general requirements, (b) requirements of sell employment income, (c) declarations of estimated tax; . Mechanics of farms and summary of required Information; 4. Accounting periodsj 5. Accounting methods; 6. Farm business income; 7. Arkansas lexible farm record book; . Non-taxable tacom»i 9. Farm inventories; 10. Farm and business expenses. Topics to be discussed la the second day of the program are the following: 1. Depreciation and depletion; 2. Investment credit; 3. Capital gains and losses; 4. Determination of basis lor gains or losses) 5. Caualty losses and thefts; 6. Self-employment and social security taxes; 7. Miscellaneous questions and answers. If you need any additional Information about the courses, please call the County Extension Office. Advisors Help Brighten Substandard Homes By Katherine K. Hill Extension Home Economist Caruthersville "Housework can be love for one's family made visible" say the six homemaker advisors who are working with the Office of Economic Opportunity Family Living component supervised by the Pemiscot County 'University Extension Center. For the past six weeks the advisors have been showing and telling 30Q limited income homemakers with 1400 children how to improve housekeeping skills and home storage. Previously these same teachers have helped the same iiomemakers make better use of commodity foods, sharpen their skills in buying food and learn to mend, make and care for clothing. The current unit on developing homemaking pride has included the use of cheap but effective cleaning preparations, like sal-soda for kitchen ranges and baking soda for refrigerators. Cleaning kits have been made to provide iiandy storage for small cleaning supplies. These include homemade dustless dust clothes. A draw-string cover fo rthe business end of a broom may be made from discarding clothing or worn towels These have proved popular for sweeping cob-webs from walls and ceilings. Families living in substandard houses have a problem of finding places to keep things. Many homes simply do not have the storage space many of us take or granted. The Extension Homemaker Advisors are helping these families to learn that improving storage can be very simple things like driving a nai! in the right place. One person solved some of her problems by sorting seasonal clothes into separate card board boxes and labeling the boxes. Another, with the help of the homemaker advisor, was able to use scrap lumber and a curtain to enclose a room corner for the first clothes closet she ever had. from heavy cardboard boxes decorated with paint or wall paper are popular additions for many limited income homes. Storing things near the place they are used first is a basic principle of storage. Simply moving the mixing bowl nearer to the flour and lard or the skillet nearer the stove saves lime, energy and clutter. Other simple storage stretchers that have been introduced are canisters from coffee cans, set in and fastened on shelves plus imagination. The program of teaching sub- professionals to teach other limited income people how to raise their standard of living by making better use of the limited resources at hand began in January of this year. An effort has been made to limit (he number of families readied so that efforts could be concentrated enough to assure some real improvement in the family situations of the homes involved, improvements not on- and racks for storing lids and I ly in iiomemaking skills, but in knives. attitudes about self-worth and In the absence of medicine cabinets, first aid kits have been designed from cigar boxes. Extension specialists at the University of Missouri say that abilities to solve at least some of their problems through their own efforts. The extension center will welcome opportunities to explain structural changes and im-1 the scope of this part of .the proved equipment can reduce walking time in the kitchen as much as 1 miles a year. Major changes are usually out of the question in the homes involved here, but .homemaker advisors are convinced that storage can Homemade clothes hampers j be improved with small things Virginia. war on poverty and to supply facts that will help evaluate it's effectiveness. Four states bear the title Com monwealth — Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and 61 COTTON ORGANIZATIONS OFFICIALLY ENDORSE FARMER PLAN TO SAVE Cotton Markets, Acreage, Profits Research And Promotion Proposal Draws Beltwide Acclaim Barely has a plan been so widely acclaimed as the present self- help program by cotton farmers to prevent the makers of synthetic fibers from continuing their grab of cotton markets. Sixty-one cotton organizations and thousands of growers have put their stamp of approval on the plan. Both in and out of the Belt, the press is praising cotton farmers for their positive and sound approach to solving their big problem- how to get more cotton used. We Compliment Cotton Farmers For Their Self-Help Efforts The plan enables farmers to vote on establishing a uniform assessment of $1.00 per bale for expanded research and promotion. These are cotton's one great hope—the same tools the synthetics are Bsfeig against it Today cotton's handicap in research is 5 to "L In promotSon it is 16 to L Cotton's carryover is the largest in hiskHy-acreage the lowest since 18^2. Support Will Measure Op To Any Section Of Belt The comeback plan originated with cotton fanners. It wffl be directed and controlled by them. We are confident support in this area will measure up to that of any section of the Belt We recognize that cotton is the economic lifeblood of our business and our community. We are happy to offer any assistance we can give our fanner friends as &ey work for approval in the referendum. WE ENDORSE COTTON'S RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PROGRAM The Paul D. Foster Co. Farmers Soybean Corp. Crafton Commission Co. Chemicals Department, Gulf Oil Company

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