The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 6, 1966 · Page 5
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 5

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, September 6, 1966
Page 5
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Blythevtll* (Ark.) Courier Newt - Tuesday, September 9, MM - Pa|e ftvt .!•'•- t'^M • Empnysema; One i. • . . Behind Heart Disease The fastest growing crippler disease in the United States today is emphysema; a lung di- gease. At the .noment scientists Know practically nothing about its basic cause or causes or how to reverse its effects. But the fight goes on. .. By FRANK CAREY AP Science Writer NEW YORK (AP) - A young resident doctor at Bellevue Hospital stood at the bedside of a frail man in his early 60s who was obviously fighting for every tireath. ! "Look," said the doctor. 'Mere's the pinnacle of distress -f and this poor guy is typical of severe cases of this condition. •• "They act like 'they just finished the four-minute mile run every minute of their lives." | He referred to respiratory failure — a virtual shut-off of breathing power — which can be brought on by an insidious but potentially devastating and potentially lethal lung disease called emphysema. f; * * * yEmphysem — pronounced eifrfih-see'-muh — is rated by the U .S. Public Health Service as' the fastest growing crippler disease in the United States today — constituting a public health menace of potentially epidemic proportions unless somehow checked. The malady, basic cause or causes of which remain unknown, is characterized by a so far irreversible destruction of lung tissue. This results in abnormal distention of the sponge- like lung, a loss of its wondrous elasticity, and an entrapment of life-sustaining air within it. There's also .obstruction of certain airway tubes — with tiie over-a'l result that many victims can have frequent 'and extreme difficulty in exhaling, and even mild cases can occasionally have such difficulty upon exertion. While the cause remains to be pinpointed, the Public Health Service, and many private physicians, contend tobacco smoking — especially cigarette smoking — and air pollution are, at the least, among the ag- gravatidng factors. Even Spokesmen for the tobacco industry concede smoking may be an aggravant — but they challenge any contention it's a proven cause. • The Health Service says the maiady has bedeviled man since ancient Greek and Roman days, yet it is a new disease in that only in recent years has it been properly defined; distin- j strokes, cancer, tuberculosis, guished from other killers wife | and mental disorders. mittee, are emphysema cases. —Possibly 17,000 Americans become new victims of emphysema yearly. —more than 15,000 Americans will die of emphysema-bronchitis this year. Reported deaths have risen almost eight fold in the last decade. And, if present rates continue, mortality statistics will list almost 64,000 in 1972. —it disables one of 14 American workers over 45, striking men 10 times more frequently than women. * * * —In terms of Social Security pensions, it ranks second only to heart disease as a crippler of men in their most productive working years — and is responsible for more invalidism among males than cerebral which it has been confused; and at least a start made towards a hopefully, even prevention. * * * The Health Service says: —at least two million Americans, and possibly, up to. 14 million, are estimated to have chronic obstructive respiratory diseases — including emphysema; chronic bronchitis, which usually is a fellow-traveler of it; asthma; bronchiectasis; and certain forms of chronic pneumonia. Emphysema -is'rated as' the" most frequent among such ills, although officials grant they do not have exact statistics — and they usually lump two of them together as emphysema and-or bronchitis, so frequently arc they found together. Sen. Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois, the leader; and Senate minority Sen. Richard B. Russell, D-Ga., chairman of the Senate Armed Services com- The little 'man in the Bellevue Hospital bed was a classic, advanced-stage -case — a vivid example of what Dr. John H. McClement, chief of Bellevue's chest service, terms the wheezing, breathless men victimized by emphysema or its satellite fellow travelers. : He has : been in the hospital about a year. But he's been fighting 'to breathe for fully 10 years — his emphysema, bad into an iron lung ventilator in which he spends eight hours of every day, off and on, with only his head outside the apparatus. Doctors try to encourage efforts to breathe without the aid of the mechanical lung.— lest patients become overdependent. But som patients require its refuge around the clock, such as the man nearby who at that time had been encased in one for three months. Among emphysema sufferers there are also the walking wounded. They are'• victims who come periodically to Bellevue's 10- year-old outpatient clinic for emphysema patients — one of file first of a few of such special clinics in the country. . * * * About 25 patients — mostly 1AST MONTHHN HISTORY •I Cklntsi youths go en j rompogt In CMi»s< tojroph moon, dupli- coting U.S. Lunar Orbiter's mission _ U.S. Ham bead Mexicans in American Zone Doiii Cup playoff, 5-0. President Johnson confers with Zonodian Prime Minis lir Lester Pearson at Campobtllo Island. : l cities ogoinit foreign President er, Luci Baines Johnson, marries Patrick Nugent with most lavish White House wedding reception in more than a half a century. ormer President Truman warm of depression danger in rising interest rates. President Johnson disagrees. Lunar Orbiter satellite launched to photograph moon landing sites for astronauts. U. of Texos sniper takes 15 lives, is killed. takes 42 lives at Falls can troops in Viet Nam. caught short of breath." To help prevent such episodes — or control them — patients are given hand-operated nebu- lizers, a kind of squirt gun for shooting medicines down their wnidpipes to open up blocked bronchial tubes. Some are given brochial-dilating drugs to swallow. Some also have in their men - had assembled. in a I homes - at New York City ex- waiting room, representative of 200 patients who come at least once monthly for a check. Expecting a paie, thin man who holds his head with one hand, tiiey look, to a casual observer, like a group of normal, middle-aged folks who might be waiting, say, in a dentist's office. "They don't look too bad, but it's only because they're sitting down and expending no effort," ,>.—., ..... -...,-...,.. , —.says Dr. Anne Davis, clinic enough in itself, complicated by | director. "You have to see them chronic bronchitis, a vicious blocker of-airway tubes. A tube for intravenous feeding is inserted in the man's right arm. "He can't take the time between breaths to drink or eat when it's hot," said, the young resident-physician, Dr. Michael D. Iseman. "That's how short of breath he is." But some patients require its stand it no longer — and two nurses shift him from his bed pense if they can't afford one — a so-called breathing machine — known technically as an Intermittent Postiive Pressure Breathing — IPPB — apparatus. This is a kind of glorified gas mask through which a patient can pump room air — and sometimes oxygen — in and out of his belabored lungs when he's in trouble. Over the past 10 years, some 700 respiratory cripples have sought help at the clinic, but complete followup studies on all have not yet been made. Of the first 95 who came a on exertion. Most of them cannot climb a flight of stairs without becoming breathless; many decade ago, 70j>er cent have have- trouble walking a single block. Only very small number are able to work — and then only at sedentary jobs." And what is life like under such circumstances? * * * "These patients are anxious all the time," said another Bellevue doctors. "They're constantly frightened of being died — and in more than two- thirds of the deaths, emphysema was either the major cause or a contributing one. The survivors are still coming to the clinic. Dr.' Davis estimates that around 10 per cent of the 608 to 700 patients have been able to return to work. But she says that even among the best cases, going back to Work presents a problem for this reason: "Many of these patients are aging — the mean age is about 61. And that's really too old for retraining when you consider that a great number of the people coming to this particular clinic have been accustomed to doing heavy labor." * * * How does Bellevue's outpatient clinic experience shape up in the battle against the dis- ase? "I really can't say whether it's good or not," the doctor said, "because we don't know how it compares with what might otherwise have happened if we didn't start the clinic. "However, we have the impression that it's been helpful in that a few people, at least, have been able to return to some kind of work." But the U.S. Public Health service indicates that more clinics like that at Bellevue — forming a network throughout the country — could do much to at least help hold the line against this creeping killer. The Great Wall of China stretches more than 1,500 miles along the border between Mongolia and China proper. By ALVIN SCHAY Associated Press Writer Paul Buchanan notes in the Batesville Guard that there have been "no less than 25 beauty titles bestowed in Batesville his year at the Poultry Festival, White River Carnival, Couny Far, Miss Batesville contest, Arkansas College yearbook contest, Forest Queen selection and Batesville High School activities." Based on the 1960 population of Batesville, that figures out to be a queen for every 285 men, women and children of the city. In Jonesboro there's a women's club which congratulates a person when she is no longer eligible for membership. It's the Women Who Wait Club, made up of wives whose husbands are in Viet Nam. The club's project, by the way, is collecting various items to send to an orphanage in Da Nang. Funeral homes in many Arkansas cities have announced that they will get out of the ambulance business because it's a money-losing venture. Citizens Funeral Home oJ West Helena doesn't plan .to drop the service immediately but says ultimately it will have to. Citing some of the examples of people abusing insurance coverage, Citizens' says it gets calls from patients who leave the hospital on their own two feet, climb on the ambulance's stretcher and ride home "to impress their neighbor." Nebraska is the only state in (he Uriion with a unicameral (one-house) legislature. ROXY THEATRE Blytheville Adm. 25c-50e TUES. & WED. 'CLEOPATRA" With Elizabeth Taylor & Richard Burton the CALIF-FUN-ONES looks of Our young lumberjack collection . . . the great toughie looks of brushed wool Yukon plaid and deep Sherpa fleecing. Wild 'n wooly, like California redwoods ... in colors you'll take to like mad. Sizes 5-15. A. Ribknit turtle pulldown, Orion* acrylic, 34-40, Belted slim skirt, brushed wool, ,*?- B. Girl guide shirt with gripper-front closing, 70% rayon — 30% acetate, $00'. No waistband A-skirt, all wool, IT C. Big-bear Sherpa popover, leather lacing, Creslan** acrylic pile, ",£&. Narrow pant of brushed wool, Sherpa cuffs, ^6\ D. Lumber jacket with gripper pockets, brushed woot plaid, "~\ Turtle ribbed top, Orion* acrylic, 34-40, Sherpa-cuffed pants, Mackinaw jacket with Sherpa trim, all wool, v . Turtle top, Orion' acrylic, 34-40, $00. Belted plaid slim skirt. Lay Away Your Selections •DuPonttndimm* for Hi icrylle flbtr "GlwnUnnd trtdtnimi far Itt acrylic fiber

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