The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 25, 1950 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, November 25, 1950
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Page 8
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PAGE EIGHT BLVTHKVILLE (AKK.) COUK1KK NfcWS The Notion Today: Railroad Disaster*— 'Human Failure' Is Chief Cause Of US! Major Train Disasters Bj- MAX HALL (For James llarlow) WASHINGTON, Nov. 25. "Human failure" is being blamed for Wednesday's horrible collision on the Long Island Railroad. The fact is, "human failure" has caused more than three-fourths of America's major train wrecks. Broken rails 'and flood waters caused some of them, but more commonly the disaster could be traced directly to the. failure of some human being to see a signal, or to read an order carefully, or to obey a rule. Sometimes (here were indirect or contributing causes, such as the failure of a railroad to have an adequate block signal system. The Bureau of Safety, at the Interstate Commerce Commission, was created In 1911 and has Investigated every major railroad accident since til at year. Yesterday I asked the Bureau to Mg out Ihe reports on all the accidents in which 25 or more persons were killed. They handed me 20 reports. A study of these reports shows (hat: Nine of the accidents \s-ere caused primarily by an engineer's failure to operate in accordance wilh signals. Causes Listed Four were caused primarily by failure to obey train orders; three by failure to put out proper protective signals after a train stopped unexpectedly; three by excessive speed on curves; three by flood damage to the track; two by broken rails; two by the driving of motor vehicles across the tracks: one by a broken part; one by a train crew's taking their train out on the main track in the mistaken belief that an oncoming train had already gone by; and one by failure of railroad officials to enforce essential safety rules. In several of the 29 reports Hie TCC recommended that the railroad Install better equipment In order to make human and mechanical failures less likely. . Though It is often possible to discover that a train wreck was due to human falling, it Is a much harder Job to discover what caused the human failing. ICC officials admit (hey hnve not had much success with that. In the first place, the men Involved are frequently killed In the wreok. For example, the engineer of the second train In this week's Long Island disaster was killed. It was his train that cpllfded with trie-rear of another train stalled on the track. And if 1 the men who arc Involved survive the wreck, they are often under criminal charges and are reluctant to talk freely. Between 19H and this week's disaster, the four greatest train wrecks —in number of deaths all took place in either 1918 or 1943. The,most disastrous of all occurred at Nashville. Tenn., on July 9, 1918. Two passenger trains on the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis, each traveling about 50 miles an hour, collided head-on. ICC officials say 101 persons were killed. They add ths-t nn almanac figure of 15 deaths is incorrect. Greatest in U. S. The Nashville wreck is believed to have had the greatest death toll In U. S. history, though not the greatest in the western hemisphere. In 1927 a train plunged oil a high trestle in Costa Rica, killing about ' 300 excursionists. The ICC reported that In the Nashville tvreck one of the {rains had no business entering the main track until its crew was positive that the othed had passed—another case of "human failure." Only n days before the Nashville collision. eg persons on a Hngcn- bach-Wa!!ace circus train had been killed at tvanhoe. Inrt. The circus train stopped for a blazing hot box and another train, whose engineer was dozing, plowed into its" rear. The wooden cars were set afire protabiy by oil lamp?, and many I were burned to death. ' j Here are the two great 'disasters' of 1043: | On Sent. 6, the Congressional Limited of the Pennsylvania Rail- | road was going X miles an hour' at Frankford Jjnction. ju:-t north of Philadelphia, when it was <ic-1 German Aid in Europe Defense A Necessity, Says Marshall JAP FREED — In defiance of Russian protests, Gen. Douglas MacArthur paroled former Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigcmitsu, above, from prison as a war criminal. Shigemitsu, who signed Japan's surrender aboard the USS Missouri in 1045, had served two years of a seven- year sentence. 4- DAWSON. Ga.. Nov. 25 M>,i—Defense Secretary Marshall today termed German aid In the defense of Western -Europe a "compelling necessity." The nation's defense chief spoke at a homecoming celebration for 29-year-old Earl Cocke Jr., the new National Commander of the American Legion. German rearmamment currently Is a critical question hi German state elections and among Atlantic P.iet nations. Cocke, who arose from a crip pled youth here to become the youngest Legion Commander In history, after once being machine grinned and left for dead by Nazis, was praised by Marshall as. one who; "More, than any ol us, and more than all but a very few, has reason to hate and despise the Nazi regime of Germany." And yet, said Gen. Marshall Cocke "sinks his personal feelings In recognizing not only tile gravity of the present crisis but tlio compelling necessity it imposes of aitowing Germany, we hope a new Germany, we pray a genuinly democratic Germany, to contribute to the defense of Western Europe." Obituaries Dr. Chamblin's 11-Month-Old Daughter Dies Funeral services for Llsabeth Clatye Chamblin, infant daughter of Dr. and Mrs. w. D. Chamblin, Jr., of Little Rock, will be conducted in Cobb Funeral Home Chapel at 2 p.m. tomorrow. The child died at St. Vincent's Infirmary In Little Rock yesterday afternoon at the age of 22 months 26 days. Dr. Chamblin Is the son of Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Chamblin, 1019 W. Main. Services will be conducted by the Rev. Harvey T. Kidd, pastor of First Presbyterian church. Burial will be in Elmwood Cemetery Russell Phillips and E. B. Gee \vill be pallbearers. WAR (Continued from page 1) the east coast city of Hamhung. Curiously, (lie Chinese retreated south, instead of north. And far behind the front, three flights of Marine Corsairs made a flaming ruin of the Rucrrilla nerve center of Sangosan, 23 miles south of the big east coast Allied supply port of Woman. The Marine planes struck Friday night, blowing up a fuel dump and setting buildings afire. There ate 350 recorded species of fish in the waters of North Carolina. railed by a broken journal (end of an axle). 73 rie.id. On Drc. 16. the last three cars of an Atlantic Coast Line train were derailed near Reilr'rt. N. C., because of a broken rail. This was not disastrous, but two of the cars pro!rucieri silchtly onto an adjacent track, and JO minutes later another train "oint; so miles an hour struck the two cars and rocketed off the (rack. 72 dead. fashion file Slated At Negro Church A Pall Fashion pile will be held at Bethel A.M.E. Church at 1:30 p.m. Sunday, E. M. Hollis and w. M. Robinson, Harrison High achool teachers who are sponsoring the event, said today. Mrs. Harriett Canada, director of Mississippi County Department of Public Welfare Bureau, is to be principal speaker. India Now Grows Own Raw Jute NEW DELHI (AP)—India, pushing toward self-sufficiency in raw- Jute, hopes to produce nearly two- thirds of her requirements domestically this year. The overall requirement Is 6.000,000 bales yearly. Commerce ministry officials expect domestic production this year to total 4.150.000 bales. In addition, there will be 350,000 bales of mesta and similar fibres which may be mixed with jute. Officials estimate this will keep Indian jute mills working for eight months. India used to acquire its raw jute from Pakistan, but _thls trade has been suspended beca'use of an argument over the par value of the Pakistani rupee. Witfrthe Courts Clri-utf: (Civil) W. W 'Watson. Jr.. vs. Louis E. Barcom. suit to collect debt of $1.016.38 and interest. Circuit: (Criminal) Stale of Arkansas vs. M. C. McClish, arson. Cha npery: Buford Martin vs. W. L. Tamker, suit to recover propert5'. J. C. Hollandsworth vs. Clyde Corinne Hollandsworth, suit for divorce. Anthony Bartulaltis vs. Anna Bartulaitls, suit far divorce. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1950 UNDK 15 YIAU ' 1940 15 TO 1 IWO 5J 57 20 TO 24 1950 S.7 105 1950 II S 25 TO 34 YEARS 35 TO 54 YEARS 55 YEARS AND OVER" l>40 17.1 1950 IS.9 1940 . fet. FEMALE 1950 SJ 1940 1 1950 5» 1940 SJ MMJJOMJ 19SO 12-1 1940 10.1 MILUOW 1950 1940 19.6 167 MILLIONS 1940 1950 1950 13.0 M. 1940 9.1 MILLIONS 1950 1940 U. S. MANPOWER FOR MOBILIZATION—Newschart above- based on figures compiled by the National Industrial Conference Board, N. Y. C.—shows growth of America's population by age group during the past decade. Note the age group 15-19, born in low birth-rate depression years, declined 14.4 per cent since 1940 and the group 20-24 remained unchanged. U is these groups that will supply most of the manpower to the armed forces and the general labor market in the immediate future. Hollywood Continued from Page 4 Britain's own Sacilers Wells ballet scored in the U.S. . . . Marie Windsor wound up "Hurricane Island" with assorted brutscs suffered In a pirate ship free-for-all battle. "It happens in all my films," she groaned. "I'm never caressed—just bruised." Nine-year-old girl jtoes to Reno ami sues her mother and father for a divorce. It's Hie plot of a story UI just purchase!) frnm director Kurt IKockelshlp XM) Neumann. Former RKO producer Howard Lang, now a steel magnate, will wed Pasadena socialite Virginia Stewart following his January divorce. . . . Like father, not like son: William Friml, composer-son of Rudolf Friml. is writing a hot tune with Johnny Mercer for Frankle Laine. Paf Wants No Westerns "I don't hate westerns." Patricia Nual tossed the denial to me to explode talk that she's one movie queen who could easily do without buckskin enics for the rest of her career. Word got around Lhat Pat was anti-western when she turned down Warners' "Sugarfoot" and that she wasn't exactly delirious with Joy when she was assigned to the same studio's "Raton Pass." "I had a wonderful lime." she said. "I ride, I shoot. I go through the whole business. I even got killed for the first time. And you know something? i was marvelous. I looked so dead." Alan Young, who waged •>. losing battle against plunging necklines on his TV show, is blushing. Paramount just- penciled in Marie Wilson Malayan Rail Job is Tough KUALA LUMPUR (AP) — It's a mighty tough job working on the railway in Malaya. No one knows at what moment he may be blown sky-high. Communists by day and night emerge from the thick jungle bordering rail lines. They plant mines to blow express passenger and passenger and freight trains off the tracks. They burn railway stations and munl?r wx^rkers. They fire upon just about every train that makes the run from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur. McMath Says He Won't Sponsor New Bond Plan LITTLE ROCK. Nov. 25 (/Pi— Governor McMath says reports that he might sponsor a new highway construction bond program are not true. He, issued a statement yesterday that the only bond issues he plans are a continuance of the four-year program approved in a special election last year, calling for issuance of $7,000,000 in bonds a year for his leading lady in his first film there. . . . The one-time Dead End Kids are in the army now In "The Bowery Boys Battalion." Leo Gorcey, Ruhlz Hall and Gabriel Dell arc still "the boys." . . . The Carole Lombard-CKarles Laugh ton oldie, "They Knew What They Wanted," just popped up In Rome with the title, "Thou Shalt Not Covet Thy Neighbor's Wife." Movita, the Spanish fireball who played In "Mutiny on the Bounty." wiggles Into a sarong again for "South of Singapore." Danish Author Dies • COPENHAGEN, Denmark. Nov. 25. UV-Johannes V. Jensen. 77. famed Danish author and Nobel Prize winner, died at his home here today. He had been ill for some I time. | Jensen was the author of several i novels. The best known was "The ] Long Journey." published in six' parts from 1908-22. He also wrote numerous short stories, poems and essays on Darwinism and evolution. Saturday "BORROWED TROUBLE" Hopalonrr Cassidy Anily Clyde Serial & Cartoon Saturday Midm K ltt Show Starts 10:30 SUNDAY & MONDAY THL ADVENTURE THAT LAUNCHED THE LUSTY LEATHERNECKS ON THE ROAD TO GLORY! Tfmpoii HOWjKsiVA MI? KOI "At msm SKYLINE Show Starts 7:00 p.m. *.TfcaRe_ Admission 50c Adults Only Sat. & Sun. FRENCH BURLESK As You Like It , Hot Rod Races Cut Accidents 8ANTA ANA, Calif. (AP)—Traffic officers have greatly reduced the number of hot-rod accidents hereabouts by heeding the old say- Ing, "It you can't lick 'em, Join "em," A little more than a year ago the California highway patrol, alarmed by the lawlessnesa and high accident rate oi teen-age racing Jalopy driver*, assigned two men to the problem. Charles Pollard and Ezra Ehrhardt figured the solution was to let the boys work olf steam at organized races. The officer attended club meetings, gained the confidence of the drivers and ended up supervising weekend races for cars and motorcycles at an abandoned air strip. Now as many as 5.000 turn out Sundays to watch members of the racing clubs—boasting such colorful names as Lancers, Clunkers, Pull- Idlers, Ma-rod-ers—rip over the course at more than 100 miles an hour. The sheriff and the highway- patrol say hotrod speeding complaints have declined 90 per cent since the airport races began, Tlie motorcycle accident death rate dropped seven per cent in > year while registrations rose 30 per cent. Automobile statistics show similar accident declines. Housewife Improves Her Artistic Habits LOS ANGELES (IP)— Mrs. Elizabeth Ann Fry, a housewife who has never had an art lesson, spends her spare time improving on the work of professional painters. • Mrs. Pry specializes In renovating statues and religious objects In churches, convents and monasteries. She touches up paint faded by the passage of time or if necessary removes (he old pigment and applies a complete new coat. She got the Idea "while putting on my makeup one day" and has been tioing it for several years. Saturday 'STAGE COACH KID' Tim Hoit New Serial Chpt. 1 "Pirates of the Sea" Saturday Midnite Show Starfs 10:45 p.m. "BORDER INCIDENT' Ricardo Monlalban George Murphy Sunday & Alonday "Captain China" John Payne Gail Russell .Teffery ],ynn BISCUIT BAKER—Marine pf c . Carl J. McKee, Jr., of Eugene Ore., tests the biscuits he baked to give a touch of home to G.I. Care In North Korea. (NEA- Acme photo by Staff Photographer Ed TTr>**-"->n.) EDSON Continued from page 4 the Pacific northwest for lack of electric power. Any new plants will have to be built near new sources ot cheap power as well as cheap water transportation for movement of bauxite and alumina. This limits expansion to such spots as the RITZ THEATRE Manila, Ark. Saturday Fast on the Draw" Jimmy Ellison Russ Hayden Also Cartoon & Serial Saturday N'ile Owl Show "SWING YOUR PARTNER" Vera Vague & Dale Evans Sun.-Mon.-Tues. SAMUEL GOLDWYN 1 OURVERY/ OWN -lomrwis j Warner News & Shorts Oulf Coast »re», tti« Jtsslppl vtlley sy«t»m, «r to r*. giont near co«l or natural gu 4,. posit* vh«r« «teara power e» n b* generated »t mine alt* er plpeUa* terminal*. One other possible source of supply is Japan. Before the war, Japan had aluminum capacity ol 108,000 tons. Up to half of that b *tlfl left. Some repair would be nece*- sary to get It back' In production. But If Japan could supply ujr S5,. 000 tons, it would greatly reduce th« need for the present cutback order. European production 1* all needed for use there. A vast Alukaa project by Alcoa had to be abandoned for security reasons. '-J The recent Canadian production offer of some 400,000 tons turned out to be something of an exaggeration. Only 20.000 to 35.000 too* could have been available thl* year. The rest wa« to come from capacity still to be built, financed by n. B. capital. Officials here preferred to s«t the expansion In this country. Th» present program will give them >0.000 tons this year, the rest within two years. Good Entertainment Everyday Open Week Days 6:43 Show Starts 7:00 Saturdays & Sundays 1 :0i SATURDAY DOUBLE FEATURE THE INSIDE STOST Of A (MEAT U. S. CglMINAl INVESTIGATION Cartoon i Kockefmen Serial Passes Good Week Days Only Saturday Owl Show Cartoon & Jungle Land Serid Sunday & ftlonday DOUBLE FEATURE OT . R'TU>3'.'H.v.l« . —Plus SHOW STARTS 7:00 P.M. SATURDAY Saturday is Buck Nite "THE DEAD DON'T DREAM" Hopalrng Cassidy & Andy Clytle 2 CARTOONS PASSES GOOD WEEKDAYS ONLY SUNDAY & MONDAY _ Mima (UK UN CRAfflAHIIfMlltUlI Latest Hews 2 ; Cartoons p. PH ^*<M b 10«L HUSO Air Conditioned By Refrigeration NEW "Your Community Center" MANILA, ARK. Matinees Sal. & Sun. I'h. 58 Saturday tr Law Comes to Texas" Wild Bill Elliott Saturday Owl Show "NABONGA" ^ Buster Crabb* Sunday ft Monday "Broken Arrow" .Tames Stewart

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