CANINE EDUCATION. Itf» the Fad to Have a Trick Dojr to Amuse Your Viaitora Points on tho Training of Docs—The Sy»tern of Instruction und the Result! ^ That May Be Expected—It's Not So Bard If Rightly Undertaken, ICOPYRIGBT, 1891.1 fiducated flogs ore becoming quite the fashion in New York. The society Doling men and women intrust their pets to professors of canine cult.v»e, and the acquirements of the beasts make up lor their owners' deficiencies whtn there are callers to be entertained. An intelligent dog can be trained in five or six months to a degree of development so high that a Fifth avenue dude is hardly a. fit companion for him, intellectually. It hasnjt yet become enough of a fad to induce many men to enter the ranks ol canine instructors, and as a rule the work is done by some exhibitor of trained dogs, who may be "laying off" for the season. With society women it is quite the thing to say: "I taug-ht dear little 3?ido all my own self and entirely by love—never so much as boxed his ears." When little Fido hears this, he lies down and dies, if that trick is in his repertory. The spread of this fancy, is made.. slower than it might otherwise. be, .by.. the popularity of the png dog 1 . A pug doesn't do anything, and is proud of his ignorance. He doesn't want to learn, anfl if you hammer a trick into his thick DTEKLUGEXT DOG. Head he will always do it just as badly as he can. I Obtained this, information :from Prof. Harry Parker, who ex- Mbited the trained dogs at the big show .in Madison Square garden. He also gave me a number of points about the proper method of conducting "the education of a dog, which may be ; nsef nl to outsiders who desire to copy the latest New York society fad. and haven't instructor at hand. It isn't so hard a •task, nor so long, as one might suppose; .and it's quite worth undertaking, for .there's lots of ftin to be had with a well -trained dog. After the first drudgery is over, the work progresses rapidly . and the extent and variety of the resulting amusement depends principally upon. the ingenuity of the trainer. But the process must be gone through sys- [&•• 'tematically. It is nearly useless to at£" "tempt to teach a dog spherical geometry in the first lesson. After talking with Prof. Parker I'be- gan to understand one of my own early lailures, when I tried to instruct one of the most intelligent Newfoundlands that ever — well, I won't begin to lie >/ about that dog. Suffice it to say that I made no progress whatever, because- 1 never taught him the primary lesson of obedience. That dog had no more idea of high authority than a New ;"York tough with a "pull." He would deceive my instructions with a con- -temptuous disregard, which was as -much as to say; "Go learn a few tricks yourself so that I can have a proper respect for you." I should have made him understand that I was the master, and I then I. might have been. The most difficult trick of all is to teach a dog to mind, and it is ordinarily made nearly impossible by compli- t eating the idea with several others. '.Let the obedience be very simple at "••first, says the professor. Do not try to ? -train a dog in a room full of furniture •or people. Take him, if possible, to an entirely °bare room, and let nobody TRAINED DOGS. *lse in. Begin- by teaching him to sit :in a certain place, and not to leave it I ;nntil he is called. Make him come instantly when he is spoken to, and return when he is commaitided. Don't let his mind get away from these fun- |=damental .necessities ': in the^ course of La lessiraj and do not experiment with piim aimlessly, nor allow anybody else -to do so. % ~£n connection with the work,.in the i-room, you may carry on an outdoor Straining which is equally simple. Teach |the dog to walk with. you. For this purpose it is much better to lead him 3>y a chain than to let him run loose., Hake him v -walk ' by your side for while, then a little behind you; then a little ahead of you. Do not let him pull "".ardat the chain, but teach him to with a steady gait. • Of course he will try to do everything •on don't want him to do, at first. Sim- show him that he can't, but don't •hip him. .Encourage him when he :s well, but not too lavishly. As to' •hipping, the bad effects of it can :ver be overcome- Not even those who make training dogs a profession can "tweak" a dog with the whip, and prevent him from showing the method of his education. He will hang- his head and carry his tail between his legs whenever he is told to do a trick, and the more you try to break him of the habit, the more persistently it will show itself. Teaching the dog to walk with the chain is called "chain breaking," and the best men in the business regard it as an indispensable rudimentary exercise. When the dog has learned this, and has also learned to keep his seat until he is told to leave it, and to go back to it promptly and cheerfully when sent, the worst of the work is over. It should not require more than two months with a good dog, and the amount of instruction per day that his master would ordinarily be willing to give. Then begin with a simple trick. A dog trained to obedience will learn to "shake hands" in a single lesson. Always use the same form of words with each trick, and pronounce them distinctly. It is wonderful how perfect will be his recognition of the words after a little while, and how wide a vocabulary he can be given. When he knows how to shake hands politely, let him shut the door. This may be easily taught by simply leading him up to it, and such other guidance as will constantly suggest itself. Then you may teach him to go lame. Make him walk slowly by you; and, as he goes, touch the leg in sxich a way as to give him the gait you desire. Be careful not to hurt him. Three or four lessons will give him a good counterfeit limp in a fore leg. Then he may "die for his country." Pronounce the word clearly and then roll him over into the proper position. If he is .a bright dog he will "catch on" quickly and may very likely surprise you by clever little poses which show how truly he has grasped the idea. Probably he doesn't know that he is counterfeiting death, but he perceives' that an apparent entire suspension of animation" and a general air of dejection are required of him. The most u.%ful trick of all is jumping, because it can be turned to so many .varieties of action by the use of different obstacles. To teach a dog to jump, place him on your left and hold the chain attached to his collar in your right hand. Hold your whip in your left hand. Of course you have a whip, although, as I have said, you must never use it so as to break a dog's spirit. He may be corrected a little without becoming a "whipped cur." Hold the whip, then, a little way from the floor, and lead the dog over it. He will walk over at first. Let him understand that the necessary thing is to pass over. Then lift him a little with the chain so as to urge him to jump. It won't take him long to see what's wanted. Jumping isn't altogether out of his daily line of experience; It is important to teach him some word or worus which he shall always associate *ith jumping. A dog that is taught to jump at the command "go over" will not know what you mean if you say up at first. Dont grasp him in such a way as to prevent his taking the po sition that is easiest for him. He probably knows more about that than you do; and if you hold him rigidly in a position which defies the law of gravi tation, he will never learn the trick. DATID WECHSLBK. —The report to congress of the commissioner of patents, Hon. C. E. Mitchell, for the calendar year 1S90, shows that total number of applications received, including mechanical applications, designs and reiasues, and excluding applications for the registration oi trade-marks and labels, was 41,048; the total number of patents granted, including mechanical patents, designs and reissues, was 28,292; the total number of registrations was 1,719; the total receipts were §1,840,378.60, and the total expenditures were 81,099,297.74, leaving a surplus of 8241,074.92 to be turned into the treasury of the United States, making a total balance in the treasury to the credit of the patent fund of §3,872,745.14. —Unusual proceedings followed the discovery of a corpse in a western town. A stern judge, while looking for documents that might lead to the man's identification, discovered a pistol in his pocket. He promptly fined the body thirty dollars for carrying a concealed weapon, and deliberately took the money from a roll of bills he met in an inside pocket of the man's.vest. He saw that the eyes of the spectators were keenly contemplating his actions, and the honest judge, perhaps reluctantly, returned the rest of the money. Tha coroner, to whom the body was then formally turned over, seized what was Jeft of the money, very shrewdly claiming that the dead man might have stolen it "jump." If you intend to make a high leaper of him, and use a platform such as is a part of the ordinary stage apparatus, it will be necessary to lead him onto it and then call him over a small obstacle, working- him up gradually, to the idea of a run. Dogs are good jumpers, especially greyhounds which are used for that purpose most often oa the stage. It is their ability in this direction that leads them into a professional career. Otherwise their timidity might exclude them from the "boards." They are very susceptible to stage fright. It was really funny to watch one of Prof. Parker's jumping greyhounds. He can't learn' to face a.n audience boldly. When he goes off the stage for the running start for a high jump, he is so diffident about appearing again that he creeps in slowly with all the marks of a genuine "first night" scare about him. It is not till he is almost in the middle of the stage;that he really runs freely. This nervousnesS'hampers him as a leaper, and if he had not exceptional natural abilities he would be useless for public exhibitions. After a dog has learned to jump he may be taught to walk on his hind legs or his fore legs alone. It is not every dog that can- learn this trick well; and contrary to one's ordinary idea; it is easier as a rule to teach'a dog to walk on his fore than on his hind legs. The latter method of locomotion requires more strength in the back than some dog's possess. 'It is easy to recognize this deficiency when teaching the animal to "stand up," which must, of course, precede the walking, just as sitting up precedes standing. It is well to teach a dog to stand on his luind feet by holding up before him something tempting in the edible line; and nothing suits the canine palate or encourages effort like fried liver. There may be some variety in tastes here as elsewhere, but on the whole fried liver is the most stimulating delicacy that can be used in the schoolroom. When you are teaching a dog to walk on his fore-legs it is necessary to hold Nearly Frantic. Has it ever been your misfortune to be brought into frequent contact with a person excessively nervous. If so, you must be aware that trival causes, unnoticed by the- vigorous, drive a nervous invalid to the verge of distraction. It is as unnecessary to particularize these as it impossible to guard against them. The root of the evil is usually imperfect indigestion and assimilation. 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