The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 5, 1952 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, December 5, 1952
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BLYTHEvnii COURIER NEWS ARKANSAS AMD 8OU1WAST MISSOURI \ VOL,. XLVIII—NO. 214 Blylheviii* D«Uy Mm* . Wtwfcslppl Valley Leader BIythevlUe Herald < BlythertH* Courtac ' BLYTHEYniJ5, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1952 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT* (i IKE EN ROUTE HOME AFTER KOREAN TOUR Trip was Top Secret- Scant Few Knew '- 'By DON WHITEHEAD '' WITH EISENHOWER IN KOREA. (AP) — It was 5:30 a.m., EST, on Saturday, Nov. 29, when two. men stepped quickly through the doorway of the residence at No. 60 Morningside Heights in New York City into the cold star-lit night. Their overcoat collars were turned up as though against the chill. They strode swiftly to Ihfe limousine that had pulled up at the curb a few feet from the doorway, ducked into the car, and it drove away. The street was-bare and silent once again. ALC Reconvenes Monday; Heavy Docket Awaits 57 Budget Requests To Be Studied by Legislative Group One of the men was U. S. Secret occupants by name. Service Agent Edward Green and the other was President - elect Dwight D. Eisenhower. This was the beginning of the Eisenhower mission to Korea where he hoped— as millions of Americans did — that a way could be found to bring an honorable end to the bloody fighting which in two mid a half years had claimed 126,000 American dead, wounded and missing. As the Eisenhower car drove to. ward Mitchell Field, the Air Force base on Long Island, other automo biles in other parts of the 'city moved in a precision pattern, also converging on Mitchell Field. There j-, two big Air Force Constellations , waited in the darkness. A fe.\v minutes before Eisenhower had left his Morningside Heights residence, Defense Secretary-designate Charles E. Wilson had strolled out of the Waldorf Hotel and entered a cab. He told the driver to drop him off at the southeast corner of 58th St. and Fifth Avenue. . This gray - haired, distinguished industrialisE^president of General Motors Corp. — stepped from the designated spot, paid the 'driver, and then stood on the street corner for a moment. • -•-.' Pattern Followed The sounds 'of the city were muted Bi^thjs hciur. A few cruising cabs drove by arid a few pedestrians walked quickly in the cold streets. A car drew iip beside Wil»on. the" door opened, and He itepped inside. It drove off into the pattern that was forming. From a .half - dozen different points, six 'reporters ' and -photog- * raphers quietly .left their lodgings ,-i (nrt ..-' converged:.' on.,-. Pennsylvania v s'[ntion',' which sounds '. lifce"an improbable. place for secrecy in movements. - ' • A ', black 'limousine drove down the ramp to the .unloading platform and the six newsinen strolled one by one to the car driven by Secret Service 'Agent Ed Sweeney. The group was Joined by Eisenhower's press secretary, James Hagerty. Sweeney moved out quickly toward the East River, across the big Triborough Bridge over the Enst River and out Long Island to a back road parallelling Mitchell Field. The car stopped at a gate, a light was flashed, someone said the magic word "Secret Service" -to a major who then identified the 'Tin sorry we don't have cof- "ec," an Air Force general said, "but security cuts down the niim- jer of people we can use at this hour." Two Planes Await The second plane carried the newsmen. The Eisenhower plane took off at 5:55 a. m., just as the blackness was turning to gray. The second plane followed 10 minutes later At 10:25 a. in., and 2,641 miles later the planes set down.at Travis Field near San- Francisco Jo refuel. Minutes later they were of; for the long over-seas • flight to Hickam Field, Hawaii. It was just after midnight when the lights of Honolclu appeared Again no one left the planes crews swarmed onto the wings to fill the tanks. Minutes later were airborne again. utes later. It was Sunday, Nov. 30, when we eft Midway on. the longest oversea hop of the trip—the 2,695 miles Iwo Jima. But a few minutes after leaving the Island it was Monday. Our ships had crossed the international dateline. Our press plane was less than lalf way to Iowa Jima when the No. 1 engine began losing power. Major Thomas E. Dye of Somerset, Ky., was forced to feather the prop and we flew With only three engines. A' fuel pump had gone bad. • Three hours later the faulty fuel injector had been repaired and we were roaring off Wake toward Iwo Jima. The Eisenhower ship landed on Iowa Jima at 3:30 p. m. (local time) and we landed five hours later. One of Eisenhower's first acts Midway Island was next — 1,320: on Iowa Jima was to 'visit .the miles and four hours and 50 min- j See TRIP.oh Page 2 Killingsworth Heads WSB; More Resignations Seen By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON (AP) —-The new chairman of the battered Wage Stabilization Board was faced today wlttr probable, resignation of at least some ot .the board's industry, members In protest to ] President Truman's coal wage decision f ^-^ -^ Charles C. Kniingsworth, .35- LITTLE ROCK iff) — The first of 57 budget requests will be tackled by the Arkansas Legislative Council when it reconvenes here Monday. Included on the crowded docket is Gov.-elect Francis* Cherry's plan for a new department of Finance and Administration. The Council, returning from A 2-weeks recess, will be in session nine days. The first day the Council resumes deliberations, commenced some six weeks ago, it will take up its .own operational budget and those of the 'secretary '•• of state, supreme court mine inspector and the circuit and chancery courU . ... / - The state-supported colleges will have their, budget'requests reviewed Dec. 9 and , 10. Miscellaneous agencies, including the History Territorial Restoration and Commemorative Commissions, will ha\'ft hearings'Dec. II. Schedule LUtrd The remainder of the icl\edule: Dec. 12—Highway, Labor, Military Departments, Dec. 15—Treasurer, Insurance Department, Public Service Commission, State Police., Veterans Service Officer. -Dec. 16 — Welfare Department, Department of ^Finance and Ad- ministration'and Post Auditing Sec- General Indicates Spread of War Not Solution to Peace B> J>ON WITH EISENHOWER IN KOREA, (AP) — U. S. Presiclent-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower is safely out of Korea and-enroutc home tonight after three action-packed clays of seeking a way to peace in this frozen land of war and misery. # TB CROSSES TO BE SOLD.— Celb Walson, four-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Dick.Wiitson, holds a large replica of the double- barrel crosses which will be sold m do „ own Bl>theville tomorrow to raise funds for the Mississippi Count, 1 annual cross sale is held to augment C the .crosses will be Junior High Scho Booths will be set up in the banks am son is chairman of the sale. (Courier ? i'ittculosis Association. The Tiia^ seal purchases. Selling .tents and Girl Scouts. '. C. Peuney Co. Mra. Wat- ,'holo) tion Dec. 17—Resources and Develop- * if* " year-qld^ecdnomics jjrofessoir^fiomH MichigarrState College] was named to the nation's top wage, job last night a few hours-after'Archibald Cox quit the post with a blast at Truman's decision overruling .the WSB. •• _ Killingsworth has • been vice chairman of the board for several months. Cox said in a letter to Trunian made public last night that approval of the full $1.90 daily' wage boost for 440,000 soft and hard coal miners could mean only one of two things: 1. .That stabilization would continue, but with the exemption of powerful groups like Lewis' United rice... '53 Pontiacs • >• . • • To Be Shown Here Saturday Mine Workers; or. Pontlac for 1953, first of-the new General Motors cars to reach the market, will be displayed in Bly- thevtlle tomorrow at Noble Gill pontiac Co., Fifth and Walnut. Styling changes in the 1953 Pontiacs include redesigned grill, one- piece wi udsh iel d, one -piece wrap : around rear window. Rear fender ;-"iins" also have been added. • The new windshield and rear window, add 254 square inches of glass. AH models are mounted on a chassis two inches longer than last year's. Eleven body styles are ovail- aWe in the Uiree series, special. Ds Luxe and Custom. Both six and eight-cylinder engines are available in each series. The six-cylinder engine has been increased from 102 to 118 horsepower. "Curve Control",^ front end suspension Is being introduced on new models. Pontiac also has announced price cuts of from $25 to iKM on .some 1953 models. 2,., That a general easing of wai rules all along the line would make continuance of the program useless. In either case, Cox said, he felt he could be of no more use. The WSB nr.cJ leauced the min ers ? raise to $1,50 on grounds thai any more would seriously damage the whole anti-Inflation program The full increase could not be paid legally until the government ap proved. It. Prices of both hard and soft coa are ,expecled to go up. The hard coal wage boost, now fuel^hv m<£ht Commission, Revenue Department and Game and. Fish Comml** ion. / fl De c, 18—Educ a t ion 'Department, Claims • and Library Commissions, co\ernor's office pnd mansion, Al.. _ v t ^ „ ..__, Dulles, Ache on Clarify Foreign Policy Views By JOHN M. HIGHTOWEK WASHINGTON, Dec. 5 CAP) ~~ isolations between the Truman and Eisenhower administrations in. the field bl loreign" policy .lor the next six weeks have 'now been clarified in talk* Joetwocn John Poster Dulles Be*erag£f Control *.^ bouF&G eeals-i ton Although this ontract has not been foimally .pproved, Economic Stabilizer loger Putnam last night ordered he WSB to approve it, Industry members of the WSB, vho announced a formal boycott of he board yesterday, met secretly n New York last night and have scheduled a ' formal session here his afternoon to decide whether to resign in a bloc, stay on the board >r act individually. 1 One informed official predicted :hat not nil seven industry members would quit but that it was likely one or more would refuse to stay on the board. He said he believed some members will want to be on the boarc and In Washington when President- elect Eisenhower takes over trie White House next month. Most businessmen, from whose ranks the industry members are chosen, have been waiting 20 years for n Republican regime, he said, and the Incoming administration Is exerting a powerful attraction to those who feel they might be useful in public affairs. Other Industry members think it the risk of scuttling the whole program a month before the Inauguration, thus possibly confronting the new President with a lough Allied Bombers rt Reds Again UN Warplanes Blast Troop, Supply Centers By MILO FARNETI . SEOUL (.T)—Allied fighter-bombers plastered Chinese Reds: on the Central Front tor the third straight and top State Department officials Dulles, who will be secretary of fnr state tn President elect ISisen [ ei Ike, Rhee Confer Twice; Relations Reported Tool' Notes Exchanged; Clark, Van Fleet Sal- in on Meetings By BILL SIIINN SEOUL «V- Dwlght D. Etsenhosv- eri and President Syngman nhee conferred twice In the three meet- Ings during the' American President-elect's tour of this'embattled Asiatic republic. • A Korean government source said the pair exchanged notes which may be'made public tomorrow. Eisenhower mot the Korean President Wednesday—a day after his arrival—at. U. S. Eighth Army headquarters. He sow Rhee again at the executive mansion and again in the. field—on a visit to the South Korean Capitol Division. At Eighth Army tiower's administration, made his initial " post-election - contacts with officials fcere during the past two dayi/ m' m owever, he has .not named I these and in fact it Is un- day today. Other U. N. warplanes ranged deep Into North Korea and attacked Communist supply and troop targets. Action was virtually nil along the frozen battle front. The Reds threw no more than 40 men, Into their scattered jabs ot the Allied lines. . A U. N. raiding pnrty shot up n Chinese outpost on the Western Front Thursday. .The raiders' withdrew to their own lines alter killing an estimated 58 Reds. Sub-zero temperatures, discouraged action along most of the front. Allied : artillery dueled with the Communist guns early today. Spot- virtually assured, will hike the stabilization problem. - l_/lUt;i 1L1UU311 y UltJIlUUlO linnet ju ~— t- - . . would be a great mistake lo run j ters reported 31 Communist bunkers were hit. . : South Koreans standing firm on Sniper Bidge, on the central Front, repulsed Chinese squads probing the icy slopes. Reurher Heads CIO; Plots Fighting Program To Keep Organized Labor Active in Industry Weather Arkansas Forecast — Fair and cool this afternoon and tonight; a little warmer Saturday afternoon. Lowest 28 to 36 tonight. Missouri Forecast — Fair tonight and Saturday, a little warmer Saturday: low tonight 25-32; high Saturday near 50 northeast, 55-60 southwest. Minimum this morning— 32. Maximum yesterday— 55. Sunset today — 5:49. Sunrise tomorrow— €:53. Precipitation 24 hours to 7 a.m. — .05. Total precipitation since January .^ vii !M?an temperature (midway between high and low— 43.5. Normal mean temperature for December— 41.9. This Date bast Year Minimum this morning — 42. Maximum yesterday -64. date—N.I). January 1 to this j wrong. TTkANTIC CITY, N. J. ((Ti—The CIO's new president, Walter P. Rei'ther,' today charted-a fighting program to keep the labor organization an active factor In America's industrial life. Reuthcr, in a speech accepting :he post as successor to the late Philip Murray, said he would strive "or the biggest possible gains for vorkers already organized, and cam-" 3aign ; vigorously to organize workers who are now non-union. Election of the dynamic. 45-year- old Reuthcr, head of the big CIO auto workers union, came late yesterday as a climax to the CIO's annual convention. It capped a bitterly-contested tight-pitting Reuther against a union old-timer and former coal miner, Allan S. Haywood. Haywood, 54, was promptly re-elected as ClO'a executive vice-president after losing the showdown to Reuther. Split QMlcWy HtjRA The split In CIO ranks over the election apparently was quickly healed, at least on the surface. Both the Reuther and Haywood forces pledged continued allegiance to the CIO. Reuther said, f "I say to the men who sit on their plush cushions of the Union League Clubs of America, I say this for you who are convention delegates and I say It for the millions of CIO members back home, that the Lit men on the plush cushions are Waller Keulher here-divided. We are going lo go out of hcre'imited to carry on this struggle until we win." Reuther then went ahead with an off-the-cuff speech delving Into practically every subject of the day, touching on such varied problems a* foreign policy, politics, union affairs and his own personal income. As lo Ills own finances. Reulhcr | "We are not going to go out of j Mid h« was content to keep living on the $11,250 annual salary he gets as president of the more than a million-member auto workers union, "I'm In the labor movement not for whnt they pay me," he told newsmen. "I'm In here because I believe in what they're doing." . Reuther, It was reliably reported, will undergo an operation soon for removal of gallstones. The condition has bothered him for some time, and surgery has been delayed for six months. Came Up H»rd Wajr A man with a meteoric career In the labor movement. Reuther has come tip through the tough daye of organizing the auto Industry. A one-time Socialist, he has supported numerous social change ideas. In outlining his alms to the CIO ^ convention. Rcuther spoke as If the social changes accomplished under the New Deal and Pair Deal were only stepping-stones to the goal he wants. Despite Reulher's declarations that the split vitliin CIO ranks would close wltrjout scars, some CIO officials were afraid of future dissension because of the close vote. The ballot result was announced at 3,019,181 for Reuther, and 2,613,103 for Haywood, giving Reulher a margin of about e per cent of the CIO's claimed membership. Tt» votes were cast by some 600 delegates, with certain immbrr of ballots allocated lo various unions in the CIO. e unforeseen find '" Dulles, prloi' to laking office Jan. 20, will -use the resources of the State Department to make a survey of (1) U. S. 'policies around the world, and (2) the department's - operations. He is not expected, however, to engage In consultation oh routine foreign operations or, as some officials here had thought probable, to make the State'Department his headquarters. Should an emergency arise It is understood that both Dulles and President-elect Eisenhower stand ready to consult with the present administration In an effort to form a united front in dealing with it. Will Study Recommendations Should Elsenhower and Dulles decirie' that some action was urgently required and should be taken by the United States before Jan. 20, the Truman administration stands ready to consider their recommendations and put them into effect If It agrees. Dulles who came here Tuesday night and returned to New York yesterday afternoon, conferred with State Department officials and also paid a call on Secretary of Defense Lovell. In establishing his relations with his predecessor for the closing weeks of the : Truman administration, Dulles had two major*cholces. He could: 1. Become" temporarily a coworker of Acheson ' and expres^ his views on current foreign problems. ' Could Limit Acceptance 2. He could limit his acceptance of the administration's offer of all- out co-operation to the use of its der. XH| that he has not yet chosen an undersecretary. Fi\ e' specially prepared Volumes on [ho Sfale; Department and , on international;, affairs ;were placed at Dulles^ disposal,'" arid he' was told; thrit departmental officers will be available lo him whenever he wishes . to get morej' detailed information. Chest Drive Cleanup Set Unofficial Total Now Stands at $22,000 A thorough cleanup diive was planned today to bring the Community Ch'est campaign closer to .Its $28,500 go'aK ' '• ''.'.,.' The unofficial tot:il stood at about 522,000 today, with reports still trickling"* Iri to Chest headquarters j at the Chamber of Commerce. The cleanup campaign may last as long as n week, Chest Campaign Chairman Alvln Huffman, Jr., indicated this morning. On Saturday, Blytheville's Girl Scouts will assist with the final drive. The Girl Scouts will meet tn uniform Saturday morning at 9 o'clock In the Chamber offices in City Hall. headquarters Elsenhower and Rhee conferred behind closed doors for 15 minutes with Ocn. Mark Clark and Gen; James A. Van FJeet sitting in on the session. ' In all, Elsenhower stayed 30 minutes, in; his visit to Rhce's presidential mansion on a^hlllside ove.r- looklng Seoul, " Observers nltacHed great significance lo the visit since,; it wtis Eisenhower's final gesture before departing on the long journey home lonight. : . Unification Urged It: was authoritatively learned that the ROK Cabinet htul.urged Eisenhower io press for the unification of Korea, which to the Rofcs means pushing, the Communists back lo (he Yalu River. The Cabinet wps reported to have Whether this unprecedented mission will prove to be a failure or' success rr ' only time can tell. The'general lold a news conference: "We canie over here to learn. We Imve no panaceas, no trick ways of settling any problem." But he strongly Indicated the so- "" lulioiv to the Korean conflict does not lie in spreading the war to attack Red China. He said: "How-difficult II seems to be in a war of Ihis kind to work-.but. n plan that would bring a positive and definite victory without possibly .running n grave risk of enlarging flic war. There are, many ilrnltatipns oil a war of this kind, but this much is certain . . much can be done, in my opinion, to Improve our position—much will bo done." „ Eisenhower said he and his staff would study "everything we. have learned here" so his admlnistra- lion will be "better able to pursue its policy of supporting freedom la the world ...,:"* Elsenhower kept lo himself any strategy he might be forming. But lie hinted one of the first moves would be a speedup • In training South Koreans to take over 7 most of Ihe combat burden now falling on ,the Americans. American officers working with' the South Koreans feelmuch can he done—but no one should r:;- pect'.too much too soon despiteXiia startling progress made In two years in building the Republic of Korea J.ROK) forces into effective facilities to learn about the task that vrtll be his after Jan. 20. ' In bis conversations Dulles Is reported to have made clear that his Interest was in studying policy but not in consulting on operations for the Interim period unless a. crisis made that esenlial to Ihe national interest. ' Dulles also had and still has an oportunity to put Into the department men who will be his principal aides when he takes over. So Mother-in-Law . Of Truman Dies WASHINGTON (/P) — Kfrs. David Willock Wallace, mother-in-law of President Truman, died at the White House today. Death was due to the Infirmities of old age. She was 90 years old. The President's mother - in-law died at 1^:35 p.m. The specific cause of death was given as cerebral flhrombosls. She had been ill for several months. See KHEK on rage 2 Cohen Contract C!aim Heard by State Commission A Blytrevllle contractor. S. J, Cohen, submitted claims for $131,545 nt a StaEe Claims Commission hearing In Little Rock yesterday, asserting the state owes nhn for a highway project. Demanding the hearing, Mr. Cohen contended that his contract was awarded ; 'for embankments along the Big Lake floodway the Mnnila-Blythevllle road In j September, 1049' -. • ' He said the work was not completed until October, 1951, because he could obtain material only from certain " pits, which he said were designated by the State Highway Department - and were located In- stde. levees of the noodway. Mr. Cohen could not be contacted here todny for a statement concerning the outcome of the hearing, The question apparently has been token under advisement by the [ Commission, . . - GIs Confident Elsenhower's -visit-to'" Koreia. had; n -by-pi 1 oduct--of~sfcyrocketing7the spirit of Amei lean troops and giving itliciu hope that-If there Is n ro'ad to peace, It will be found. 3 Soldier nftor soldier will tell you they believe that somehow, and. somewhere the general will find * way but of this war. And every man questioned, by this reporter said Eisenhower'did the right thing in coming, to'Korea. They weren't bothering • about any political 1 Implications. An Irishman In the British First Commonwealth Division—Sgt. Joseph Killlea of County Rus-Common —. felt ,ltkc a great many American soldiers: "If anybody can end It, General Elsenhower- can. He's the man to:do lt r sir." Elsenhower left " New York secretly under cover of the darkness before dawn last Saturday.'An elaborate scheme- had been hatched to make It appear, through appoints and announcements, 'that he !still wns .at his home on Mornlngslda Heights over the weekend and busy at bis Commodore Hotel headquarters early this week. He drove to Mitchell Field Air Nine American UN Employes tired by L/e; 9 More to Go City's Net Tax Revenue for '52 Totals $66,006 figures released yesterday show- Ing tax collections for the city ot BIythevlUe were gross collections rather than net revenues, City Cleric W. I. MaUn pointed out today. Wishing to clarity Blythcvillc's lax picture, Mr. Malln said the figure reported yesterday of 469,585 13, constituted the gross collections, and that after all expenses were, taken out. the net revenue would he $66,006.32. ' Expenses totalling $3.578.81 arc deducted for the collector's commission and bond, assessor's salary nnd expense, advertising of ilelln quent accounts and audit adjustment. All figures listed for cittes and towns In Ihe Cornier News j. dny Mere groos income rather than net rev«nu«. UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. W — United Nations Secretary General Trygve Lie was expected today to fire nine more American U. N. employes who refused lo answer the McCarran committee's questions about alleged Communist par- ly membership or subversive activities. A high U. N. spokesman said He would announce the dismissals Ihis morning. Nine other American employes of the U.N. Secretariat already have been fired for balk- Ing at U.S. Investigation questions. The nine slated to be fired have been on special leave with pay -but banned from entering the U. N. Secretariat—since they refused to answer questions by the U. S. Senate Internal security subcommittee, headed by Sen. Pat McCarran (D-Ncv), on constitutional grounds that Ihelr answers might Incriminate them. Lie was said to have served an ultimatum to the nine last Monday to answer these questions to him by noon yesterday or f«c« firing Their answers all were reporle< unsali.^factojy, The secretary g«neril's decision vas backed by the recommenda-1 Ion of a Ihrce-man panel of dis- Ingulshed International Jurists who advised him to fire any American employe who dodged questions about alleged links to the Communist parly, Red espionage or subversive rings. The Jurists said such refusals created a "climate of sus- jiclon." Contents of the nine replies to Me's ultimatum were not made public. Of the nine previously fired, six have been let out since the McCarran commltlee slarlcd Its probe of,U. N. cmploy6s In Oclobcr. The six had lemporary contracts which were not renewed. Three others had been fired earlier for refusing to answer Ihe queries of a previous investigating committee. It was not known here how many American employes In the Secretariat have been called up before the U\ S. federal grand Jury which Just concluded Its investigation of the U. N. with charge that it had found "widespread infiltration" by American Reds Into th« world organization Bnse on LoTlgf Island,and boarded a military constellation plane for Uic 10,836 mile flight to Korea. \ le was Joined, among others, by Charles 15. Wilson of Detroit who vill be the new secretary - of de- 'ense; Gen. Omar N. Bradley, chairman of the Joint chiefs of staff, and Herbert Brownell of New York, who will have Ihe Cabnet post of attorney general. Eisenhower arrived In Korea at T.51 p. m. (4: 51a. m. CST) Tuesday and stepped onto an airport whipped by the coldest winds of the winter season and guarded by mlUlary police and U. S. Secret Service agents. The security blackout on new r s of his journey across the Pacific and his stay In this wartorn land was not lifted until his plane was one hour in flight tonight and well beyond danger of attack. Didn't Visit Front The general's visits to combat units near the front did not take Sec GENEKAL on Page 2 Inside Today's Courier News . . . Georgia Tech and Michi- san Slate dominated AP All-America . . . Sports . . . rage 8 ... . . . Markets . . . ra.ee Z. . . . . . Society , . . l'age 5. . . Hilling the ccljing has nevs helped .anyone to get up in lh< world. ' - , ,' .".JIN* ;

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