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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLV—NO. 307 BlytbevUto Daily Blythevtlle Courier Blythevllle Herald Mississippi Valley Bipartisan Support Uoosts US. Saving Proposal In House WASHINGTON, March 20. W _ The House „„„.,,„ Affa|fs Com . miUee today voted to cut a billion dollars cash from 1951 European recovery spending and substitute a,, equivalent amount of surplu. farm commodities. By William F. Arbojasl WASHINGTON, March 20. (AP)_A politically pealing plan to lop another billion dollars off federal speml- Piekin " Artisan support to ap- Its strong appeal to the lawmakers Is that It would be aimed at "non essential" spending, with the House Appropriations Committee having the job of saying what fits In that category. Omnibus Bill Considered Appropriations committee members disclosed the plan as the committee started consideration today of an omnibus $29,000,000,000 bll! financing more than 40 federal agencies for the (1951) fiscal year starting next July 1. The committee hopes to have the bill in shape to send to the House floor early this week. It is slated for Bitse debate next week, but won't W voted on until after the Eastci recess. ' '-• Committee members said tin committee already has tentatlvel) cut more than $1,000,000,000 from the money requests in President Triiman's $42.4 billion budget. Rep. John Taber of New York, top Republican on the appropriations committee, and a .number of others want further reductions. Another "billion or two" would be In order, Taber told newsmen May Hold Cutting Republican strategy probably will be to withhold cutting drives until the bill reaches the amendment stage in the House. Any reductions made by the committee could be credited to the Democratic majority Because committee votes arc not made" public. Three plans are being considered tor action in the House Itself: 1. Some Republicans want to propose a horizontal cut of 10 per cent In every item In the bill after It leaves the committee. Opponents of this plan don'i think this procedure Is logical because it. would ^ treat essential and S crams R^~ e 'Others want to tmerls on merit wittithe'oVeY all reduction adding up -to 10 per cent of • the bill's total. 3. The newest proposal Is for motion to send the bill back to the appropriations committee with' in structlons to shear from It a total of $ 1,000,000,000 -In "non-essential Items. The latter plan has the strongest political appeal. This being a Congressional election year, not many House members want to vote gainst knocking out a billion dollars in "non-essential" appropriations. On i roll-call vote economy probably would prevail. New Yarbro Baptist Church Is Dedicated The new Yarbro Baptist Church was oficially opened yesterday when three visiting pastors were on hand for afternoon services. Those who assisted the pastor, Jfce Rev. Parker Hay, in dedicating JP new church were the Rev. Eugene Shultz, Number Nine; the Rev. J. E. Cox, clear take; and the Rev. Cart Castleman, Gosnell. The church was organized about eight months ago by the Rev. Mr. Hay. The new building, which Is valued at about ?8,000, was built entirely with labor supplied by members of the congregation and was constructed with about $4,000 actual cash. Yesterday's dedication services started with regular morning services. Special services were conducted yesterday afternoon and regular evening .services followed last night. Arkansas weather: Generally fair, not much change In temperatures this afternoon and tonight. Tuesday c o nslderable cloudiness warm with occa-' sional rain. ' Missouri weather: Moslly cloudy "lg a h" Cr w?t 0 h a i n(l irmitlcnt n Eht freezing drizzle or light snow eastCLOUDY AND portion this aft. WARMER er: a * termi Minimum this mornIng-34 ycsterday-57 Maximum M m * . Maximum Saturday— 58 Sunset today—6-12 Sunrise tomorrow-6:03 precipitation 48 hour., to 7 n ,m. Total since Jan 1—23.50 ' mprture Midway bc- Spring Officially Due Tonight But Weather Reluctant to Change With spring's official arrival but a few hours off, the weather today gave no Indication of becoming compatible with that season which lightly turns young men's fancies. Spring Is due to arrive officially at 10:36 tonight but the weather forecast doesn't indicate that any startling meteorological transition will accompany the vernal equinox. It will be cloudy and a bit warmer with occasional rain, the forecast says. This morning, however, spring seemed many weeks and many degrees away. The mercury slid to a slightly-above-freezing low of 34 ' degrees. Highest reading yesterday was 57 degrees. The low Sunday morning was 39 degrees and the high Saturday was 58. • Trial of Negro Held in Luxorq Killing Begins Hearing-for Leroy Robinson, Grid- cr Negro who is charged with belli" an accessory after the fact of first degree murder in collection with the fatal shooting In.Luiora Dec. 9 of Robia-on Is charged with withholding Information regarding the siajer Minus W!lsorTv,ho shot and killed Mrs Joe McDamels wife of the Luxora citj marshal In her cab near Imxora, Robinson is charged with failure to giie officers accurate Information as to the whereabouts of Wilson when they called at the Negro's home in Grider a short lime after Wilson had visited there on the night of the killing. Wilson was later killed by Crittenden county officers following an attempted burglary. Robnson's tral was the frst to be called in the spring term of the Qs- ceola Circuit Court. A total of 11 cases Is on the docket. The second case scheduled for hearing by the court is that of Margaret Dent, Negro, who is charged as being ,an accessory before and after the fact of first degree murder In connection with the same killing. The Negro woman was with Wilson at the time of the shooting and fled with him. Only one other case was given a See COURT on rage 12 Industrial Forum Set for Tuesday Citizens of Blylhcville and members of the Chamber of Commerce committee on industrialisation \vill meet at 2:30 p.m. In Municipal Courtroom In City Hall tomorrow to discuss plans for bringing additional industry to this area. J. L. Gunn, chairman of the chamber's Industrial Committee, called the meeting several weeks ago as an Initial step In launching the chamber's Intensified program to gain industry. Blytheville's Chamber of Commerce this year Is operating with the largest membership in its history—numbering about 650—in an effort to attract industry. First B-29 r s Fly To Britain under Arms Aid Set-Up About 75 American Bombers to Bolster W. Europe's Defenses By John Seal! WASHINGTON, March 20. (/!')— The first batch of' about 75 American B-29's takes off for Britain today under the $1,000,000.000 arms aid program to strengthen Western Europe's defenses. Four of the reconditioned bombers, manned by American crews, leave nearby Andrews Field this afternoon bound for n British airbase. Tile seven-year-old planes, once the heaviest the American Air Force could send aloft, now are classed as "medium bombers." The giant rs-36 is alone In the heavy bomber class now. Striking Power Uppcd But the B-29's 2,000-mlle combat range and 10-ton bomb load are expected to add considerable striking power to the British air force. The British, In line with nilied defense p!ans, have concentrated on building speedy jet fighters, leaving bomber production to the United States. Secretary of Defense Johnson and Britisli Ambassador SIr ! < Oliver Franks were to be on hand at the airport for the ceremony formally turning the planes over to the British, First Arms to Britain The four-engine planes, now powered by modernized motors,-are the first American arms to be handed over to the British under the arms program approved by Congress last October. They will also be the first to reach their European destination. Forty eight American Hellcat fighters and Helldiver bombers were loaded aboard' the French aircraft carrier "Dixmude" at Norfolk Va March 8. These were the first American weapons actually given to an Atlantic Pact nation but they are not expected to arrive in Bizerte. the French navnl base In North Africa, for some time. Equipment riles Up Additional carloads : of American military .equipment are now piling ,pp at east coast-ports for shipment L*° ..other western European nations iard regulaKcommercial vessels Government officials' told a reporter It will be only a "matter of dajs' before American arms start moving to Belgium' and the Netherlands Shipments to Italy are at least two weeks off. iThe accent thus far has been on •Ur and naval craft. Twelve destroyer escorts, mainly for France and the Netherlands, are being refitted by the navy at cast coast ports along with two submarines. Other Supplies (o Move But In. the next few weeks, huge quantities , of supplies for the west European ground armies — rifles, machlncguns, tanks, bazookas and other equipment—will begin moving also. THE DOiCNANT NEWSPAPER OF KORTHEACT ARKAWSAB AND aOQTHEAgT BIA'TIIRVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MARCH 20, 1950 MISSOURI Hazen Firm Given Ditch Dredging Job Buctom Construction company of Hazen today was awarded a contract for a $13.820.40 ditch excavation job, by Drainage District No. 1". C. G. Redman, secretary, announced. Bids for the job were accepted until 10 am. today, along with bids for a heavy-duty three-quarter yard dragline. Mr. Redman'said bids on the equipment were being canvassed today, but a contract probably would not be let for several days He indicated that about 15 sealed bids had been received. The Hazen firm's bid for the excavating on Ditch 38, was 1047 cents a cubic yard, with approximately 132,000 cubic yards to be cleaned out of one side of the ditch. The job will cover about 10% miles of the ditch, beginning at Number Nine, and extending Into Armorel and Barficld. The dragline Is to be powered with a Diesel engine, have electric starters, and is to be used to maintain ditches for Drainage Dfcltrict No. 17. Leachville C. of C. to Conduct Community Development Clinic Leachville's Community Development Clinic, to be conducted by I. J. Steed, planning director of the Arkansas Resources and Development Commission, will ijct undchvav at 10 a.m. tomorrow. Six sessions are scheduled for the clinic, which is being sponsored by tne TjCachviHe Chamber of Commerce In co-operation with the Resources and Development Commission and the Arkansas Economic Council-Slate Chamber of Commerce. Three Sessions Planned After the jnitlal session tomorrow morning, a scs^feni ht 2 p.m. at the high school' will' be conducted for Ihc, high .school students, and the IhJrd session will be conducted at 7 p.m. Wednesday sessions are also scheduled fi.r 10 a.m., 2 pjn., and 7 jf.ni. :With the exception to the one l»-l»:«oiiduct«d nt, the »uditortum, all sessions will be held at the American region Hut. H. H. Howard, president of the Leachville Chamber of Commerce said today that the clinic would be worked on a plan similar to that used In several other towns In Arkansas, whereby citizens suggest Improvements and methods of achieving an Improved town. Cards to Be Distributed Cards for suggestions will be distributed at the'meetings and turned in again for study and development of an Improvement program. Committees from all civic, social, economic, school, church, and Industrial groups will participate in the clinic. Suggestions made at similar clinics include improvement of public buildings, roads, zoning ordinances, school* and hospitals. TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS 'Fair Dealers' May Revive Bipartisan Foreign Policy \VASHINGTON, March 20. (yp)— Administration leaders were reported making strong efforts today to revive the bipartisan foreign policy H has been sagging in (lie continued absence from Congress of Senator Vandenberg. Recovering from a lung operation last fall, the Michigan Republican has been II) and unable to attend any. Senate sessions since Feb. 2, In his absence, bipartisan cooperation on foreign affairs has deteriorated to such an extent that the administration is reported to have enlisted Attorney General McGrath, a foimer senator, in an effort to reestablish the working basis the Democrats have had with Republicans In the past. Stale Department Content McGralh has talked to some Rc- pick-ups in construction and manufacturin E Industrief.' Apparently the Communist authorities at Shanghai had "unwarranted apprehensions" that the landing craft were not commercial vessels, the State Department said. Craft Are Commercial It said they were strictly commercial craft, turned over to the American President Lines. The two vessels are LSTs (Landing Ship Tanks) widely used during World War II in assaults on hostile beaches. The LST's were to be used to ferry the foreigners lo the liner because the north channel of the Yangtze River has been reported mired by the Chinese Nationalists as part of a Nationalist blockaflc aeainst much of the Communist- held mainland. The last minule refusal lo let the evacuation proceed apparently took the State Department by surprise, although a number of American businessmen at Shanghai have been denied exit permits. These necessary permits, however, have been granted to many American officials and others. Soybeans Mar May July Open High Low Close 2521i 251V1 252*5 25614 250% 253« 25014 254'i 246 H 251-H 2W.i 251 New York Stocks 1:30 p.m. quotations: AT&T Amer Tobacco ....... Anaconda Copper Beth Steel '...'.'. Chrysler '.'.'.'.'. Coca Cola Oen Electric '.'.'.'. Gen Motors Montgomery Ward N Y Central Int Harvester 152 27 1-8 28 3-< 34 5-8 67 160 1-2 45 5-8 76 3-4 56 1-2 13 1-4 26 3-S National Distillers 23 1-8 Republic steel Radio ; \ Socony Vacuum ".'.'.'.'. Studebaker Standard of N j ..". Texas Corp U S Steel Sears Southern Pacific 26 7-s 14 3-4 17 1-8 30 1-8 69 1-2 63 7-8 32 1-8 44 51 7-1 American Citizens Be I ay eel in G h i na WASHINGTON, MarcH^O. W-The. State Department said today the Chinese Communists have blocked a mass evacuation of Americans and other foreigners from China by a last minute refusal to let two landing craft reach Shanghai. + American representatives 011 the scene have been Instructed to press for a reconsitieration, an announcement said. Landing Craft Remain Meantime, the landing craft and the American President Liner General Gordon, to which the foreigners were to be ferried, have been ordered to remain at Hong Kong. Nearly 2,000 foreigners Including 310 Americans had planned to leave probably tonight In the first such general evacuation since last fall The United States ordered all remaining American diplomats and consul:, out of the country two months ago after the Communist authoiities at Pciping seized American coivillar property there publican senators about the matter. Possibly as a result of his urging, the Slate Department has begun a series of meetings with senators of both parties. As an example, a group of six senators will sit down at luncheon next Wednesday with Deputy Undersecretary of Slate Dean Rusk for a briefing on problems In southeast Asia. However, this doesn't fulfill the Republicans' desire for consultation at top levels. It doesn't take the place, they say, of the almost dally conferences Vandenberg nnd others used to have with Robert Lovett, former undersecretary of state and right hand man to the then Secretary of State George Marshall. No Contact Man Developed Secretary of state Acheson has Lo™'; 1 ™ 1 "° such contn ct "inn as The secretary himself goes to Ccpltol Hill frequently but Republicans seem to doubt that they are being taken into the administration s confidence In advance of policy decisions as Vandejilierg mid a few others were in the past. Policy Termed Unfortunate Senator Hrcwstcr (R-Me) told a reporter he thinks it Is "most un- tor^inate" for continuation of the bipartisan foreign policy that Vnn- de-iuerg hasn't been able to be as active as lie has in the past. • "I think the Republicans have always been willing to meet the Democrats half way In trying to work tofc-cther on foreign policy," Brcws- ter said. "But If the administration Is worried about the situation, It ought to look within its own ranks first." Brcwslcr said he recanted recent Senate speeches by Senators Tyd- Ings, (D-Md), McMahon (D-Connl and Kcfauver (D-Tenn) as critical of the State Department's handling of Inlcrrotlonal affairs. "From the Russian viewpoint think these speeches have done more to upset, our foreign relations than the charges of Senator McCarthy /R-Wis) that there are Communists in the Stale - Department," 'Brewster said. John E. Pcuriloy, deputy undersecretary of, state, asserted last wc9k that, McCarthy's accusations have harmed the conduct of foreign affairs. ; . r . , Senator George (D-Ga), a foreign relations committee member, .said over the week-end he clocsnVthlnk the Russians are very much concerned about the McCarthy, charges. Truman Appears Hear Choice Of New Atomic Energy Head By Ernest B. Vnccaro KEY WEST, Fla., March 20. (AD —Strong indications appeared today that president Truman Is about ready to appoint a new chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission. Meanwhile, he set tip machinery for a long-distance telephone conference with his Congressional "nig Four" to check up on the outlook for passage of "Fair Deal measures." Conference Planned His press secretary, Charles G. ROTS, said Mr. Truman planned to talk with vice-president Bnrklcy, Speaker Rayburn, Senate Majority Leader (BST). McCormack about 10 ajn. This was the first long-distance try-out of a conference usually held every Monday morning at the White House. The appointment of an AEC chairman may follow the arrival here of Donald Dawson, administrative assistant, Mr. Truman's contact man of appointments with the Democratic National Committee, Congress and the departments. Damon May Join Parly Dawson likely will fly into Key West during the day to confer with Mr. Truman at the "Winter While House" and Join the vacationing party. Presidential The AEC chairmanship has been vacant, since the resignation of David E. Lillenthal. Sumner Pike has been carrying on as acting chairman. Some members of the President's party said there was evidence also that Mr. Truman may fill, before he ends his vacation at this naval submarine station, the long-vacant chairmanship of the National Security Resources Board. Chairmanship (o Kcyscrllng The chairmanship of the Council of Economic. dvlAsors will go to Acting Chairman Leon Keyserling as soon as. the President finds a successor to Dr. Edwin G. Nourse, former chairman, a.s a member of the council. Officially, there wasn't a word from the temporary White House that didn't concern poetry. N. O. Cotton Open High Low 1:30 May 3200 3208 3183 3186 July . ...... 3217 3228 3204 3210 Oct 3043 30fi5 3010 3050 Uec 3022 3049 3021 3M5 Mar 3021 3050 3021 3W5 Jessup Blasts Accusation of Red 'Affinity WASHINGTON, March 20, (AP)—Ambassador Philip C. Jessup declared today that Senator McCarthy (R-Wis), by accusing him of "Communist affinity," showed a "shocking disregard for the interests of our country.' Phlllup .C. Jessup . . . Ambassador maktis sweeping denial of Communist affiliations In lushing back at charges of Sen. McCarthy during State Department check. (NBA Photo) Indochina Mobs Riot in Saigon American Backing Protested as Rebels Rip Down U. S. Flag SAIGON, VIETNAM, Iiuiochtna, Ma.rch 20. (AP) — Communist-led Indochfncse 'rioters battled, police four hours yesterday In protest against American backing for Vietnam's new pro-French government. Students and laborers, waving the gold-starred flag .of Moscow-trained Ko Chi Mlnh'rf rebel guerrillas, burned the block-square market building before Prcncii police dispersed them with tear gas and harmless volleys. , An estimated 80 rloter.s were reported Injured with no deaths. Cries of "Down with American aid," "Down with Bao Dal," and "Long live Ho Chi Minh" were heard from the 4,000 demonstrators. The mob marched first toward Saigon's harbor, where the U.S. destroyers stlckell and Anderson, on a goodwill visit to the French-sponsored government of former-emperor Bao Dal, were anchored. Turned back by Vietnamese police armed with rubber truncheons, the rioters then converged on the market place and barricaded streets with 15 trucks and busses they overturned and burned. French and American flags hoisted to honor the visiting destroyers were torn down. . The two destroyers were fired on Friday night by anti-French guerrillas using mortars and machine- guns for half an hour. No hits were scored and the destroyers did not reply to the fire. New York Cotton Open High Low 1:30 May 3240 3243 3217 3221 July 3245 324fl 3225 3234 Oct 3050 3075 3C48 3C68 Dec 3033 3062 3032 3053 Mar 3032 3058 3031 3054 Businessmen Hope for Total to Equal'49 Easter Shopping Runs Slow By Rarler Winjet NEW YORK, Mar. 20. (AP)_The brakes are on the traditional Easter shopping boom right now, but most businessmen still hope they can beat last year's total or come close to it. There are two measuring sticks by which to Judge Easter trade- dollar and unit volume. Most authorities agree the dollar volume is going to be about equal to a year ago, give or take a few percentage points. But all are sure the physical volume of suits and dresses and hats and a long list of other Easter things Is going to be higher than a year ago. That's because of price reductions during the past year along the line. One source estimates prices are down an average of three per cent for the year. Easter falls on April 9 this year, one week earlier than last year. The very earllne&s of Easter, however, makes for' a short shopping season. With the weather still cold, Easter slips up on people be- tott Ihey know it. W. Ian Mack, business consultant believes It is a little early to Judge the temper of Eastern business, but says: "The expectation Is there will be fairly brisk relall trade right up to Easter. March will exceed a year ago, or aproxlmate it, In dollar volume. Unit sales should show an appreciable Increase." Mack believes adverse weather has been a factor so far In holding back sales in some sections. The International Statistical Bureau, Inc., a business reporting scr- ' sumarlzcs conditions In this vice, way: There are two main trends. The first Is the favorable showing of durable goods, nice television sets. This largely results from elimination of consumer credit curbs. Part of present retail trade stability is due to expansion of consumer debt, such as mortgages, which results in spending for household furnishings. The second trend to fa soft lines, more or less the opposite of durables, extending through last f»l! and this spring. There exception^, ' "~ •re * few weu and casual garments. Nevertheless, consumers are shopping carefully, and most retailers are disappointed In the trade showing so far. They remain hopeful. The bureau said March dollar volume will be ahead of 1915, "and the total for March and April shouldn't show too much change from a year ago." The most cautions estimate of total Easter shopping volume was given by one national organization as "unchanged to as much as 3 to 5 per cent under a year ago." Jerome Udell of Max Udell Sons and Co., men's clothing manufacturer, showed high optimism. "The men's clothing business, and business In general, is expected to be exceptionally good through March and April," he said. "I attribute this to the end of the coal strike and the slow-down In Industry that accompanied It, to the.'distribution of Q.I. Insurance refunds, and to the generally high level of economic activity. One. of the factors In this situation is the realization by Ihc public that prices on men's clothing are firm, »nd If anything they an *pt to riw allghtl?." With a sweeping denial of any Communist (sympathies, Jessup told a Senate investigating subcommittee that'll la a matter of "utmost gravity" when an American envoy Is "lie|d up before the eyes of the rest of the world as a liar and. traitor." The ambassador-at-Iarge lashed back at McCarthy after speeding home from a survey mission to the Par East. He said that during his absence his Integrity was attacked only by two sources—McCarthy and the Moscow official newspaper Iz- vcstla. . . , Guilt Concepts Differ •Jessup added: "Anyone who believes In the concept, of guilt by association might Sen. McCarthy Given Americanism Award PASSIAC, N. J., March 20. (fll —Senator Joseph B. McCarthy (R-Wls) was named today as winner of the Marine Corp League's National Americanism Award for 1950, The award, announced by th» league's Americanism chairman John R. O'Brien, of Passlae, cited tlio Senator for "rousing the nation to the menace of bad security " risks In our government." draw some startling eoncluslonj from this fact. However, I do not believe in the concept of guilt by association, ! : "Moreover, I do npt believe that anyone who, without adequate proof, levels a charge of conscious or ignorant supiwrt of Communism at a member of the United States Senate—or at nny official of ths : United Slates government's Irresponsible. : "I lmve.no evidence that Senator McCarthy was^ motivated by desire to .assls;, .the International :O.im:- muiiist movement even though hi* ' words an'd actions have had that effect." '--••:. ' ••'••. As to the charges ngalnit him, Jessup Said: "I wish to repeat categorically and without qualificaton that I »m not a Communist and never hav« been a Communist. "1 am not and have never been a Communist sympathizer. "I have never knowingly supported or promoted any movemenB or organization which I know had as Its objective the furtherance of Communist objectives." "Unusual Red AfflrmHy McCarthy accused Jessup of an "unusual affinity for Communist causes" 10 days ago when the Senate foreign relations subcommittee began hearings -on the Wisconsin Senator's contention that the Stata Department Is shot through with Communists and their sympathizers. McCarthy also said that Jessup once sponsored a subversive organization. rrrmlllcrl Use of Name Jessup sold he permitted his nams to be used as a sponsor of an earlier dinner by the organization In New York Oct. 19 1014. But he argued "there was no reason why a : ',loyal American" should not have- sponsored these dinners under circumstances which then prevailed. He said the organization was omitted from the attorney general's list of subversive organizations until April 21, 1919. Jessup said from 1933 to 1946 h« was "closely associated" with the' Institute of Pacific Relations and was "proud" of It. Jessup declared: Sincerity Is Doubled "I submit that any sincere person would have concluded from a review of the record that it does not offer the slightest lota of proof that I have 'an usual affinity for communist causes.' I therefore conclude that Senator McCarthy's charges and Insinuations are not only false but utterly Irresponsible and urider the circumstances reveal shocking disregard for the In- Sce JESS UP on Page 12 Late Bulletins KEY WEST. Fla., March 20. (/P) — President Truman signed an executive order here today head- Ing off a strike scheduled for tomorrow on 12 western railroads. KEY WEST, Fla., March 20. (ff) — President Truman backed up Secretary of Stale Achcson 100 Per ccnl today and let it be known that any rumors he might be replaced arc "completely without foundation." WASIIIXGTON, March 20. W> — The Census Bureau reported today that 15,900,502 running bales of cotton were ginned from the 1910 crop. This compares with H.580,279 from the I9« crop- and 11,557,138 from the 1947 crop, anil 11357,138 from the 1947 crop. Award for 1950. Glnnln;i by stales for the 191} >nd I94S traps, rtjpectivclj, jnclnrled: Arkansas l,6»4,*8i and 1,922,179; Miwxrt l;«,SM »•< (U.7M. '