FACT FOOT BLTZHBV1LLB COURIER NEWS •mi ootnuM raws oo. A. EAIMM, ABWut FillliteiH A. A. IMDMCnOM, KOtor , O. BCMAX. AdvertUs* IUn*«*r »*pn*eBU<****.' WWtot* Wttatr Oo, New York. Chk«*o, Detroit. ' • totem) it woood da«* matter at the po*»- eMte «t Blrttwrillc, Arkutu, under **t of Qoo- , October I, 1*17. Member <rf The Associated Free* SUBSCRIPTION RATW: ' Br •Mrlet-ta the e«T <* BlTthertU* or toy ' aaburtaac town when carrier service S* maintained, ISe per week. • By mail, within • rmdlui of 50 mile*, IS.OO per yew, «2JO for *ii months, $ut ior thre* month*; »r null outside SO nil* mot, 11130 per year payable in advance. Meditations 'And whiiiiTer win be ehief amo** yea, let ,. kta ke join- Mrnni. — Matthew M:H. X * ' * * No man ha* ebme to true greatness who ha* not felt In tome degree that his lite belong! to the race. — Phillip. Brook*. Barbs . Tou re*lly cant blame all the knocks against high prices. Just *o they don't turn out to be botwt*. la Michigan were married on a toeo- Btative — what we call jmt choo-thoe elevert , • *..•*, Baby sitting covers tot* up to three and four . yean old — and we've seen a lot who really ihould be aat on. * • • » -••• . . A strike ended hi a tanner? and an worken . retained tc their lob* — yet itlll an In hid- . Most people who never hesitate to tell their age also have aenae enough -to act It. !s Not The Time •For Recession Alarms " • -A New • York Times survey shows ; less than 1;300,000 unemployed in the nation ,— or about two in every 100 persons. The rate is so low that econom- • Jsts are having to revise their notions of what,constitutes "rock-bottom" unemployment. , '. Only in World War II, when the total , - ; *»n««d around 1,000,000, have we had a lower 'figure in modern economic times. Present totals have to be measured, too, against the prospect that peak . defense output will probably not be . reached lor another six to tight. ' months, and we may have on top of .. that gain a small but steady rise in civilian production. In other words, the outlook is for even less unemployment. The year 1953 thus promises a continuation of the high economic levels we.have enjoyed almost without a break since 1945. But, oddly, many business and industrial leaders appear to believe that a recession will get' under way before the new year is ended. This feeling i» a phenomenon more curious than the fact that the experts ,are confounded by low unemployment rates. Why ghouid industrialists faced with such bright signs envisage a down turn ? The only answer seems to be that the memory of the Great Depression, fading but still real in the minds of millions of ordinary workers, is no less real to the managers of American business. They worry that things may be just too good to be true. History tells them that booms must end some time. Certainly we have no reason to as- •ume that we have abolished depressions. And we have not for a long time tested the strength of our basic economy In a time free of war or the preparations for war. Nevertheless, it is true as well that th« economy today has many legal and other props which did not exist in depression days.-Government, whether Republican or Democratic, )s pledged to throw its full resources quickly into us« to prevent the disaster of another depression. In the light of this situation, and fa view of the fact that no important •xternal evidences of trouble have yet appeared, it seems hardly sensible for •ither economist! or businessmen to wfcpt at thig moment the gloomy approach. When th« signi turn dark, that la enough to sound the alarms. Labor Must Face Its Duties A strange quirk of fate indeed, that within * fortnight American labor betbiU Ml*br»Ud Iw4- BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COUHIER NEWS *r», WiflUa Gmn of th« AFL and Philip Murray of tb« CIO. Murray and GTMD wt'iw fcWntirbd with th* labor mov«en*et in th« ph*M ot its greatest growth, ii» coming to power.They led th» way in the battled of organization and recognition, especially Murray in the fight alongtid* John L. Lcwk to unionize the maiwi production Industrie* Jik* «te«l and automobik manufacture. Today those ttrugglei are over. Labor'* position In American society i« reasonably wear*. Union men them- »elve« tee their next objectives ag hold- Ing and extending their gains. ' Men concerned with the public interest, mtn anxious to »trike a fair balance among the variom segments of our society, chart still another task for labor. They believe the time ahead' should be an »ra.of developing maturity for the nation'* uniong, a period in which labor 1 ! leader* place as much •tress upon their responsibilities as upon their desired advantages, upon their duties as upon their privileges. • The new leaders of the CIO and AFL almost inevitably will be men who remember and probably who took part in the struggle of labor for its place in the sun. But let us hope they have the statesmanship to recognize the changing nature of labor's problem, and to direct their energies toward leadership of a kind that wiilmake their unions fully responsible ^elements of the American economic community. Views of Others Southerners, Too righting men on the battle front* In World War' II sometime* got wor^ from back home about itrlke* In vital war Industries, by workmen who «tmply quit on the Job because they did not get something they asked for. .That waa enough to make a man pause between dodging bullet* and ask hinuelf what kind of sucker h*' was to be up there on the firing line. That Is the aort of thing that might be expected to' be corrected between wars. But now that the Korean war Is going .on, there's the same old story. The »teel Industry —/vital to war production — was shut down Just a few weeks' ago, and now aome 37,000 person* dont aeem to know whether they are going to. work from one. day 'to the next at the hydrogen bomb plant In South Carolina, because JOO disgruntled workera decided to strike, tn protest agaln*t the tUjmlual of «iie men. • ' Sad to aay, this episode takes place in th« South, Admittedly, a big project like the hydrogen bomb plant attract* a lot of Yankee*, but out of the 37,000 persons Involved a grent many are Southerner*. Heretofore, Southerners In uniform have been »ble to take consolation ,ln the thought that none of their friends 'or|elattves were mixed up In the strikes In war production plants. Now they may have doubts. In Korea, the GI's sometime* are outnumbered by the enemy 10 to 1, yet they hold their ground, rt Is easy 'to Imagine the unprintable opinion they must have of folks back home who arc kept awny from work In a war Industry, even when they outnumber the picket* ;84 to 1. —Lumberton <N. C.) Robesonlan. State Machinery out of Date The dwindling of states right* cannot, by any measure, be laid wholly on the doorstep of an encroaching Federal government. Rather, much of It I. the result of an abandonment of state and local responsibility, a refusal on the part of citizens to finance and modernize «tat«, county and city legislative bodies. Washington then moves Into the vacuum caused by this abdication of responsibility. Most states operate under constitutions framed In and fitted for the last century. In only 10 states are legislatures authorized to meet annually. When they rto meet It Is often for a stipulated all-loo-brlef session — 36 days, for example. In Alabama. ' • • A flood of bills pisses without adequate con• .Ideratlon, many of them dealing with comparative trivlalltlea which should be handled by municipalities. Big bills — the type by which the state, rather than the Federal government could exercise responsibility _ often fall becau*. of arbitrary time limits on tht »e*slon, or pas* In ill-advfcwd form. —Charlotte (N.O.) New* SO THEY SAY Women are jettinj smart enough to know that not mother, bu\ big brother know* best. After all, women do drew to attract men. — Designer Pauline Gordon. * « • Since the best people In the North and South worked together to elect Eisenhower, I believe they will continue to work together. — Ben. Karl Mundt (R., S. D.>. * * * The veto power hw been so damned abused by the Russians, I think It should be reversed. — Sen. Charle* Tobey <R., N. H.). * * * . Most clerks and waiters are slow and listless because they're unhappy, snd they're very often •«d just because their feet hurt. — B»Uet dancer Ort«*. Now That Brass Has H-Bomb, Problem Is What to Do with It BATURDAT, KOT. », IMt Still Tough to Bridge the Gop, Pater ft/son's Woshington Column Erskine Johnson • IN HOLLYWOOD By 'DOUGLAS LARSEN NBA Staff'Correspondent (For Peter Edion) WASHINGTON — (NEA)—Some of the high Pentagon brass are now admitting just how stunned they are by the full Implication of the r e c e n't Enlwetok 'test which - pr o v e d that a hydrogen bomb could be exploded.' . They are . not as concerned as t hie • : ; scientists --.... . .,.._ ar ej , about-'^he Doilaa La«en sheer jerrlble . ness of such ( a weapon and how Inhumane it is. Their worry Is over Just how the thing will ever be fitted Into the total U..S. weapons scheme and long-range strategic planning. The problem, they say, is that the H-bomb Is just as new and revolutionary n weapon as the A- bomb was compared to ordinary TNT. .-•,.'..-• How do you deliver a hydrogen bomb? What targets are worthy of it? Is there any tactical use for It? Con the Navy use It? Answering those ' questions as soon as possible Is absolutely necessary If the fantastic cost of the development of the H-bomb is go- Ing to buy a better deterrent to Communist aggression, or give a significant Jump In the American arms race with Russia. At least some of these questions have to be answered almost Immediately if the bomb Is to mean anything. Before the H-bomb Is worth a military dime, even as a . threat, the first task is to find some way to deliver It to the enemy. Al- though very little has been revealed about' the nature nnd size of an H-bpmb by the Atomic Energy Commission, enough is known about it to frame the prime problem of delivery. Bomb Musi Be Refrigerated It is known that I he heart • of (he bomb, .tritium, has to: be.kept at an extremely low temperature up until the instant'thai It Is detonated by the explosion of an A- bomb:—which is somehow wrapped around the tritium. This obviously Involves elaborate refrigerating equipment. Thus, getting this bulky,.frozen- hearted'package-down to a small enough size to,fit Into an airplane is obviously problem No. 1 right now. The best Information from AEC sources Is that it is not licked, but that It is not considered insurmountable. ,The actual Enlwetok lest undoubtedly was made from a high platform on anSjisland. 'The size of Ihe'new. bomb was not a problem for mere test purposes. After the complex packaging prbblem Is.- solved the Air : Force hns to figure out a bombing technique. Conservative estimates say that. the - effective damage range of the H-bomb will be more than 20 miles.'No bomber known today can fly. above lhat altitude or anywhere near It. : ' -The bomb could be parachuted down while the bomber speeds out of blast range but that Is a very erratic technique which Isn't considered practical. The best device the Air Force has revealed It has to fit this bill Is a sort of glide bomb which was first used by the Germans in World War II. This bombing technique has been highly developed, but there is doubt its to whether even ,it would give the bomber enough time to get away from the blast. Of course the one obvious method for doing the' Job is a suicide mission. But the Air Force -isn't particularly interested in it. ' Actually, according to the Pentagon weapon experts, the Navy today has the, best mean's of delivering an H-bomb. It would Involve the use of the guided drone wilh a television eye which was recently revealed to be In use in Korea. , The electronics equipment could easily be Installed tn a big bomb' er. The "mother"'plane would be far enough away from the drone- missile to be out of range of the bomb when It goes off. However, i even this method of delivery, It Is admitted, would take a painfully long time to perfect enough to trust an H-bomb in the device. Thus, even the most optimistic look at the H-bomb picture by the big Pentagon brass doesn't show It- as a usable weapon for a year or more. And even It they do come up with some crude way of getting It to Its target, that is only one phase of Its use. The whole business of when to use it arid on what targets calls for extremely complex studies and planning. ,';•'' Today the military is Just scratching the surfaee on figuring out the proper use of the simple atomic bomb. It is far from Integrated Into- the whole weapons system; What worries the brass most is whether there will ever be enough time to integrate 'the H-bomb into their plans. , / ' . WASHINGTON - (NEA) -The Irst clean evaluation of President Truman's controversial order which put a form of military censorship on news coming out of when t h-e new administration civilian agencies will b« possible It will be »e first time since moves in. . the order went into effect on Sept. 26, 1951, that a new and Impartial group 'will have authority to review the files and determine whether or not there have been abuses. Defending H igalnst wide protests from the press shortly after putting It Into effect, President Truman said It was necessary to protect military secrets'which the civilian agencies were handling. He also said that It was Intended to turn loose . a lot of Information which had been Incorrectly classified as secret. Since then the debate over the order has waged hot and heavy. But the President has stood firm on keeping It intact, with minor concessions. Several committees have been set up to review and study its effect. They have not come up with anything convincing to the other side. . ' There Is one obvious fact about the ability, of the press Itself 'to monitor the order. If it Is properly enforced, there Is nothing to monitor. If a file or document is classified as secret, a reporter should never be* allowed to see It. Order Born In The Pentagon It Is now entirely possible for the" agencies to have Jammed "secret" files which only contain evidence of stupidity or chicanery. That possibility can soon be fully explored. The history of the order Ss Important. The Idea was born In the Pentagon soon after the war. A preliminary draft which contained really harsh restrictions was sent 'o the White House as a recommendation from the National Se :urity Council. The late Joe Short, former White Touse press, secretary and his assistant, Irving Perimeter, both veteran Washington correspond- :nts, were upset when they first saw it, although they were both in favor of Its general aim. i Alter months, of diligent work Lhey removed most of the obvious- y obnovious sections of the NSC draft. Short then called in a group of leading editors to; see It. They the Doctor Says— Written for NEA Service By EDWIN P. JORDAN. M. An annoying and common condition of the colder months of the year Is the subject of today's first inquiry. Q—Each winter the skin on my finger tips cracks. What causes this and what Is the best remedy? E. B. i\f. ..A—In an probability this condition ta the remit of comln.c: In contact with some Irritating substance snch as aoap, alcnhol, dyes oa ctothfnr, er even the nickel plathiK ffl aafety pin* If It can be traced In »oap, the «se of aome Map cabstttvte cleansing arent may be nelpfftl. . .The BS« of «n iitntment wltA a wool fat or petreJatvm ba«e may b« wed, b«t a few people are aleo eeinltln to the former. Avotd- atkee «f contact with anything which prore* trrtUOnc h a desirable mee*me, and In MTIK rasee luge doee* <rf Tttunta A ahmM ke c«n- ridend. Q—Can married individuals cause much harm to themselves either physic*) or mental by forced celibacy for an Indefinite period of time? Mrs. E. ..A-Dlrect physical h»rm woaM swt be expected, h»t ttte mental rtr«l» *n>d«r rach circumstance* e*«ld be considerable and might nemns natere. Q—Please write on Keratosls. What Is It and how should it be treated? • Reader. ..A—Keralmla really mean asy kind of horny rrowUi on UK skin »»ch a* a wart or a callus. There are aeveral. varieties. One which appears in elderly people Is rather bnporUnt i*tne* H CM tan Me Q—I am' 58 years old and some mornings find blood in my ncl 3, sometimes on one side and sometimes on both. What can be done for this? MRS. P. K. D. ..A—Yott should have your doctor look at the inside of your nose to see if there is riot an ulcer present or some other definite process which explains the nosebleeds. Q—My legs and ankles swell up. Please tell me what could cause this. Mike. ..A—The most common caose at swelling of the ter» and ankle* Is edema or dropsy, resnIUnr either from, heart dfoease or disease the kidneys. Both of these have seriowt possibilities, a n d yea 1 shoold not let Oils ro wtthoal making an effort I* find o«t what I* the cane. Q—What fs the right treatment for a fissure near the outlet of the bowel? Is dabbing with a weak men! for this condition is am oper- atton. It ta extremely dovMfnl Mr*. L. solution of alcohol helpful? to heal - THIS NEW IDEA of waiting for the full fact* befon rendering a decision not only would make It hard for the political commentator, but would practically ruin (fce sportscaster who likes to give at least three explanations of every five-yard penalty. — Kansas City Star. "Fine," shouted the drunk, "Let's get started!" — Fort Myers (Fl».) » JACOBY ON BRIDGE Sound Logic Helped Win Tourney Hand By OSWALD JACOBY Written for,NEA Service Hundreds of bridge experts will take part in the week-long National Tournament that begins today in Miami, and thousands of bridge fans will read about the exploits NORTH VAJ1096 • Q104Z BAST . »KJ7« +KJ1093 BOOTH (D) 4A VKQ8*. • A9i» 4Q» Neither side vul. We* N«rtt tttt IV I* 'IV Pas* I » 4 * S V Paas PM» Pa** Openin of tilt experts with a cheer or perhaps a snicker. Practically nobody will jive a thought, naturally enough, to the handful of men who gfte up so much of their leisure time to make these tournamenUi possible, My Friend, Jerome Scheuer, the hero of today's hand, Is a typical example of these public-spirited men. Jerome Is a conservative Boston businessman for eight hours a day, hut he probably devotes most of his leisure time, like other members of the American board vi directors, discussing and deciding what the League ought to do about this or that. In today's hand Scheuer won the opening lead with the ace of ;pades, drew trumps with the king and ace of hearts, and then sue :essfully finessed the nine of diamonds. When West dropped the eight of diamonds on this trick, it was clear that East held the missing three cards In the suit. Declarer continued with the nee and a low club, East winning with the king of clubs. East returned spade, and declarer rufled. South continued by ruffing a club n dummy and relumed to his sand with the queen of hearts. On this trick East was caught in B very unusual squeeze position. If East discarded a diamond South could take the ace of'dia monds, giving Scheuer a free finer which dummy would be good. Hence East discarded a club In order to save all of his diamonds Scheuer, reading the situation, then ruffed a club In dummy, thus reducing the North, East, and South hands (o three diamonds each. Dummy next returned a low diamond,, and declarer allowed East to hold the trick with the seven of diamonds. Bast then had to lead away from his king of dla monds, giving cheuer a free fin esse for the last two tricks. flatly rejected ttw whole Ida* a being a baafar eaeraaenmaat a* freedom of the prese, and nmeeea- sary. ••• • . - .• -.-. - ;. , In spite of these objection*, fee President put H kite effect. And press groups have continued to fight It. v . ..' Thus, the latal excaae fer M continuance today la laid by ttw White House to be two-fold, tt i* 3ased on the original NSC Teqiiaai It 1* also called for in an earlier jiecutlve order which *ei «p fee government'* loyalty program. Elsenhower Can Ineilad H According to government lawyers neither of these reason* for Its existence are binding on President-elect Elsenhower. If be want* io Ike can rescind the order with the stroke of a pen. It is known that a* a military man the new President is very security conscious and might be generally, "sympathetic to 'the aim of the order. However, It Lj being pointed out that if his' new sides find their files full of abuses,-ike will have no choice but to rescind it. - • . . ' • The fact Is, there never were. enough serious breaches of security by civilian agencies to Inspire (he order in the first place. Congress and the Pentagon have always been -responsible for most of the security leaks. But the order doesn't apply to' Congress, and the Pentagon Is always supposed to have had .a maximum security code in effect. It is also a fact that President Truman'*- other stated reason for the order—the release of more IB- formation—hasn't meant anything. On the other hand there have been several specific case violations of the tempt to cover up bureaucratic" mistakes, and no telling how many more which haven't come to light. i nine nave oeen cases of obvious ~v > order in the atijB AN HONEST FRENCHMAN—«r was it a Britisher—or an Italianf Anyway, he was asked what he liked best about Americans. Said he, "Their, money." — Kingspoti (Tenn.) Times. .-'•'•'•• THE ONt,T REASON a area* many American families dont own an elephant Is that they have heref been offered an elenhant for a dollar down and a dollar a week.— Greeneville CTenn.) Sun. 75 Years Ago In B/vthcviffo— Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Leech hai» returned from New Orleans. Mr. and Mrs. F. E. Warren and daughter.. Marjorie, have gone to Atlanta, G«, C. E Crigger has resigned hie- post with the Lee WUson Co, after 44 year.. s OM man Robbe wa» a fctsj help, sayj the Reverend PMI-( more; when he found him with! a flat tire on the open rmd. The) old man cant lift anything. Ml he's got a fluent t*ra~char«in(V vocabulary. ~ ' _> em 1 In Old New York Answer to Previous Puzrle 1 12 Scottish sheepfolds 19 Three-toed sloths 21 Barterer 22 Retrograde 23 Dye-stuff 24 Sluggards 25 African flies (var.) 26 Assist HORIZONTAL 5 Rot Max by 1 New York Is 6 oro^y" 7 Official stale 8 ^ Yo7k°isthe W 3 Above (poet.) rose 10 Slay , 13 Provided with 11 y?V;. a . no in chairs 14 Oleic acid sail 15 Rounded 16 Sea soldier 17 Greek leller 18 Girl's name 20 Tasmania Cab.) 21 Disciplined 25 At lhat place 28 Hoarders 32 Ice pinnacle 33 Hail bird (var.) 34 Nullify 35 Insert 36 Racer 39 Requires 40 Makes a new 42 Girl's name 45 23rd Greek letter 46 Feminine undergarment 49 Flout 52 Sarong girl, Dorothy 55 Click-beetle 56 Closer , 57 N'ew York's capital is'-— 58 Remains trect VERTICAL > Royal Italian family name 2 Encounter 97 Great Lake 29 Gaelic 30 Bamboolike~ grass 31 Hardeni 37 Sovereignty 38 Short-napped fabric 41 Large stoves 42 Notion 43 Ravine 44 Nomad : 4« Brought Into exirtence 47 Regretted 48 Arrival* Ue,) 50 Greenland Eskimo 51 Low haunt S3 Eegle (combs form) M Sheep'* bice* 3 Brazilian state n.
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