The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 24, 1950 · Page 6
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 24, 1950
Page 6
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PAGE SIT BI/VTHEVTU.E (ARK.) COURIER NEWS TUSSDAY, OCTOBER 24, i!)50 House Committee Calls Lobbying Dangerous to Legislative Work By BAKNEV MVINGSTONE < WASHINGTON. Oct. 24. (A*J—A Congressional committee today pictured lobbying as a "billion-dollar dndustry" which offers "very real" dangers to the legislative process of Congress. An exhaustive appraisal of the Washington lobbyist and his Influence on legislation was contained In a 67-page report by Democratic members of the House ConimMtcc on Lobbying Activities. Republicans did not sign it The report, based on extensive hearings earlier this year, said lobbying "is rarely corrupt/' but it declared: "The present system of pressure politics hfis assumed extraordinary pro|x>rtlons. . . . This system must continue to expand, and this expansion may challenge the existence of representative government as we have known it." While conceding the need of preserving the constitutional right of petition to Congress, the committee suggested several generalized ways the increased pressure of organized lobbying might be met: 1. Government support for poorly financed groups or interests, to enable them to have a voice equal to well-heeled pressure groups. In the same breath, the committee rejects this as undesirable. Suggest Stream! [nine 2. Giving organized groups a formal place in the legislative policymaking 'process. Like the first alternative, the committee thought this, too, would create more pressures instead of less and would also have no solid criteria for popular representation. 3. Streamline the legislative and administrative processes of govern ment. The committee said this may provide a partial answer, noting that "pressure thrive'' \vheu government becomes too complex. 4. Stronger political parties and party discipline. Unless political par- tics accept responsibility for legislation, the report concluded, pressure groups are able to create eon- fusion and move in by default. 5. More information on lobbying and lobbyists. This approach was most favored by the committee. which promised to bring out a set. of detailed recommendations In the future. The report bore only the signatures of Chairman Buchanan (D- Pa), and the three other Democratic members of the committee. All the GOP members—Reps. Hal- Jeck (Ind), Brown (Ohio) and O'Harn (Minn) — clashed frequent- Jy with Buchanan during the hearings. Hal leek and Brown, particular, were critical of the course of questioning by Democratic members. The committee .said that if it followed the lobbyists' own definition of lobbying "we would have hac relatively little to support." T Under the requirements of the lobbying act, companies and organizations are required to list their expenditures on activities for against legislation. Picture 'Incomplete" Only ?7o,000,000 has been reported for this purpose in the past tliree and a half years, the committee reported—"a very Incomplete picture of the realities of lobbying.' It continued: "To accept this picture as complete would be the equivalent of saying that no money is gambled on horse races other than that pale through the parimutuel windows in the 27 states which have legalized such gambling. If the full truth •were even known, this committee has little doubt that lobbying, all it-s ramifications, would prove 1o be a billion-dollar industry." Similarly, the committee said Just as spending figures under the lobbying act "grossly understate* nctual conditions, so do the registrations of Individual lobbyists. "Over 2.000 persons have registered as lobbyists since 19-16, but in many cases these registered lobbyists are merely Washington representatives for national organize tions having large, well-paid staffs throughout the country," the report said. "For example, the CIO national organization has only four registered lobbyists, and the America Medical Association has only seven Once again Congress and the people are not in full possession the facts." Marshall Sets Reserve Policy Directive Is Aimed At Ending Uncertainty In Calling Up Men WASHINGTON. Oct. 24, flp) _ Secretary of Defense Marshall has laid down o uniform policy for all the Armed .forces to follow in recalling reservists Lo active duty. H was Intended, Marshall said in a directive yesterday, "to obviate the uncertainty with which both the employer and the reservist employee presently are confronted, and to eliminate or reduce to a. minimum the Inequities In the recall of rc.scrvitfls." The directive, sent (o the secretaries of the Army, Navy and Air Force, orders that each service: 1. Decide its manpower requirements for six months In advance and notify reservists riot called on to fill those requirements thai their recall "Is at least four months remote" unless material changes in Ship Loaded W/tfi Donated Food Departs CHICAGO. Oct. 24. (!?} — Token shipments of food donated by farmers from 17 states were loaded aboard a freighter for shipment lo- day to Europe's needy. The ship's scheduled departure coincided with "United Nations Day." The vessel, a freighter of Holland's Ofanje Line, Is expected to reach Bremen, Germany, in about, 20 days. The "Friendship Food Ship" is military dictate." requirements " HUSK BY MACHINE? SHUCKS NO!—Charles Ford. 74-year- old farmer ot McCunc, Kans., scorns those_ new-fangled corn huskers. Ford picks and husks his com by hand—has done ii since he was 10—and claims he can gather 120 bushels in a clay. French Planes Strike Back At Fortress Lost to Vietminh 2. Give those called up at least, 30 days for settling their personal if fairs before time to report for luty. (This time nov; varies considerably with the services, run- ring between 15 and 30 days,) 3. Remove from its active reserve 1st nil reservists who, for physical or other valid reasons determined >y the service, are not available for extended active duty. 4. Keep reservists on active duty only until (A> manpower requirements can he met by tbe draft or volunteers, and (B) the Involuntary reservists and units have reached a "maximum state of training." This replaces the present policy of calling reservists for an indefinite period in order to bring about a rapid jViUision bl the armed forces. A department spokesman said the mc policy would hold for Nations Guard units. By 3EYMOUK TOPPING SAIGON, Indochina, Oct. 24. (/1'j —French warplanes struck hnrrt today, at Langson, Big indocbina- Jhlna border fortress abandoned by French troops Itt&t Wednesday. A French military spokesman said the planes hit gasoline and oil tanks that the withdrawing troops liad not been able to destroy. Ammunition and food stocks left behind by the French also were bombed, he said, to keep the Vieltninh troops of Moscow-trained IIo Chi Minh. from using them. Reliable French sources said air attacks on the former French headquarters base began Friday. The French garrison has been ordered out of Langson abruptly before It could complete demolition work. . The French spokesman 'reported Vletminh attacks stil] were under way In tbe vicinity of Tienyeii, key French post and supply center in the middle of a new 100-mile long frontier defense line. Several French posts guarding Ti eny en have be en ha n ass ed by Vletminh units. The French spokesman said that Air Conditioned By Refrigeration NEW "Your Community Center" MANILA, ARK. Mali.Tiees Sal. A Sun. Ph. 58 Vletminh troops seized one small post Friday lhat was hold by Indo- Chinese auxiliary troops. The ix>st was located midway between Tien- ycn and Moncay. on Hie coast. It was retaken later In a French-counter attack, he said. Murder Charge Filed Against Wynne Man WYNNE. Ark., Oct. 24. (AP) First degree murder charges have ben filed ngainst 72-yenr-okl W. M Stokes in connection with the shotgun slaying of a Negro. The victim. Hnrvcy Wilson, 6D wns fatally wounded when he urn hfs wife went to stokes' home near here to buy a Bi'.llon of kerosene. He died Sunday In a Lltle Rock hospital. Deputy Robert Finn said no motive had been established. "We get a lot of conflicting reports on \vha went on out. there." lie said. the first of the Christian Rural Overseas Program (CROP) 1950 drive. In three years of existence CROP has collected 3.555 carloads of food (or distribution In Europe and Asia. The 1S50 goal Is 1,350 cars. Today's shipment is merely symbolic of the 1950 klckoff donation ROP officials said. Food collected by CHOP Is distributed overseas to needy person: •egardlefs o( race, creed or color by the three parent agencies ROP— Catholic Rural Life, Chnrcl World Service and Lutheran World Relief. Farmers whose donations madi up the Initial 1950 shipment in eluded those from Arkansas, Kan sas. Missouri and Oklahoma. lost of Living Inches Upward Government's Index Hears Peak Hit In Autumn of 1948 WASHINGTON, Oct. 24, M'j—The government's cost of living Index inched up again last month, coning within a fraction of a point, of the peak reached In August and September. 1018. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported yesterday that its index on Sept. 15, after advancing 0.5 of a point in a month, stood at 1T3.8. That means that II was 13.8 ncr rent abm'e 1935-33. the average level into Hie average budget. The changes now under way, the bureau said, are designed to lake account of changing buying patterns following the outbreak of the Korean war. Wa^es Tied to Index The wages of at least 1,000,000 workers are estimated to be tied to the index by union contracts, advancing when it moves up a certain number of points and lowering when it falls. Evan Clngue, BLS commissioner, said at a news conference that the revision of the formula will not entail dropping any of the items now In the Index but that some—such as ice—will be given less weight. On tlie other hand, allowance will be made for such items as television sets, homo permanents and others now included in the average family budget Although, there was an overall rise in Hie Index for Sept. 15, (he Asbestos fibers are used in malt* Ing asphalt tile, brake linings, as- bcstoa shingles and molded tics. fTMil THEATRE OSCEOU YOUR FRIENDLY THEATRE bureau reported that food costs had . lltmp down 0.2 per cent during the Thus the Sept. 15 level was Just I previous month. Tliat drop was .4 per cent below the record high more than offset by Increases In 0.4 reached In the fall of 1948. It was 2.5 per cent higher than the level of a year ago. The bureau announced, meanwhile, that It i.s revising its method of computing the consumers price index in an effort, to "get n truly representative market basket." The Index is compiled from prices paid In major cities by moderate income families for items which Bo Observers Feel Dewey Faces His Toughest Battle ALBANY, N.Y.. Oct. 24. (yp) Astute partisan observers on lx>M sides of New York's political fcnci figure Governor Thomas E. Dcwey is facing the real fight of his life in seeking re-election Nov. 7. Key Democratic'chiefs believe the governor will bow to Rep. Walter A. Lynch because, they claim, Lynch has "knocked Tom Dewey off his pedestal." Top-level Republicans believe the two-time governor and twice defeated presidential candidate will be returned to the empire state's executive mansion on the strength of n surprisingly strong vote in Democratic-dominated New York City. But the most optimistic experts of both parties make no predictions of sweeping majorities. Republican cockiness of other years Is gone. Garland County War Victim Buried Today KOT SPRINGS, Ark., Oct. 24. (AP)— Garland County's first victim of the Korean war. U,. Edward Cray.s. was buried here today. The Hot Springs lieutenant was killed in a plane crash in the earlv days of the conflict. Military services were held at 2 p.m. Burial was in Memorial Park Cemetery near here. Tucsdtty "Brewster's Millions" DENNIS O'KEKKE Wednesday & Thursday "Ticket to Tomahawk" Han Dailv SHOW STARTS 7:00 P.M. Tuesday & Wednesday Double Feature Program EITHER THK I'ABSON srOKK...'3f or fW» fmloJj ilitti or fW» fmlofi tiidi ^ •-.) =T^% M-G-M pteienti J?Jj V MY/ \ CBOWN" 'JOELMcCREA letter from An DtM STOCIWEU Unknown Woman" Also Cartoon HITZ THEATRE MANILA, ARK. IGNITE ONLY! -ALSO- n Western Feature Movie 'MARK OF THE LASH with LASH LA RUE Wednesday and Thursday OSSA MASSEN LLOYD BRIDGES "ROCKETSH1P XM" Also News and Shorts HAVE YOU TASTED Yellowstone's unique flavor? No other Kentucky Hoiirbtm matches it—softly mellow. . . rich hut not heavy. Try it for the finest highball you ever tasted. by the pricc.s of home furnishings, clothing, fuel and other items. 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