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TUESDAY, MARCH 7, 1950 BLTTHEVJLLE <ABK-) V COURIER NEWS PAGE NINE HOJMEPAIRS - IMPROVEMENTS^ Survey Upsets Theories £)n House Preferences By DAVID C. BAREUTHER AP Beat Estate Editor Wliat kind of a house do most people build? Where do they build it, and how much does it cost? Answers to these and similar questions are important to everyone planning a new home, as well as to builders and architects. Ill an attempt to obtain factual Information, the Small Homes Guide of Chicago recently sent questionnaires to all persons who had Inquired about various aspects ol building new homes and received answers from 11,251. The replies upset many suppositions, but also confirmed some of the guesses on which architects and builders have been operating. For example, one-slory housrs without expansion attics, but built over full basements proved the most popular. Small houses with only two hetlrooms outnumbered those with three bedrooms, contrary to theories about' needs for family growth. One bathroom was the rule and stall showers were not favored. Frame construction was found to outrank masonry by more than three to one. And most surprising In the 11,521 cases reporting, less than a third of the nex home owners did n° ne of tne worlr - them- *es. In 33.694 of the projects the icr did most of the work. An- otner 25.2% reported the owner having done some of the work, and in 12.'89i5 of the jobs the owner built the house himself, doing all the work. Although the average new house of the families had prcfered one- story homes and 30.1% oue-and-a- half stories. llaseinenlless construction failed to make the showing one might expect from the clamor enjoyed by rarliniii heating. Only 31.1% of the new houses were Inillt uithqut hascmenis, while 51.-!% had full baspuionls and 13.8% were built with part base- ments—generally'considered more expensive (X4% did not answer Hits question.) Lumber appiinrenlly 1$ still the iredominant American building naterial. Straight frame construc- ion \vas used for 64.9% of the wises, solid masonry In only 20.4% ind masonry veneer on frame in 4.2%. Lumber also monopolized exterior wall construction, with M.Of, rcporlinE the use of lumber siding, 18.7% using some brick on exteriors, 12.4% siding with wood shingles and only 5.6% using concrete walls. For roofing, asphalt shingles led the field in G3.9% of the houses, asbestos shingles being used in 12.3% of the roofs and wood shingles on only 10.0%. As for bathrooms, 72.9% built Did You Know That- An average of 600 houses and holds since 1040, when there were 1919 1925 1933 1941 1945 1941 1949 1950 cost sll.699, the bulk of those replying in this survey reported Incomes of less than $5.000. Although the average lot size was 18,820 square feet—nearly half ai acre — most of the homes were built In small towns, suburbs am cities, and only 25.7% "n the coun try. • The poll showed that 10.3% of those replying had new homes in various stages of plan Wng, construction and completion. 13.8% bought old houses. . .8.3% bought new ready-buil homes. 2.4% were remodeling homes. 3.8% dropped their plans to bull flr buy. l'A% were builders, carpenters, architects and students. While the cost of the new homes averaged $11.699. those who bought new Iready-built homes spent an ajteage of only $10,642 The cost c^^ne new homes built or being built could be classified as follows: 17.3% below SG.OOO. 2". S% from SS.CM to 510,000. r.<.iri from 510,000 (o 515,000. 218ft more than ?15,000. In this connection the Income range of the families was interesting. Only 9.9% reported incomes below 53,000. The majority, 53.7% had Incomes between $3,000 and $5,000, while 36.4% earned more than $5.000. The two-bedroom house ruled In 41.6% of the projects. Three bedrooms were provided inly in 37.1% of the cases, while only 9.4% of the houses had four bedrooms. Separate, dining rooms were provided in only 43.6% of the homes. The swing away from two-story houses was noticeable, with only 14% In this category, while 53% one bathroom and 19.3% two baths. Only 21.2% built stall showers. BUILDING BOOMS—A million now homes were started in 1949 breaking the 1925 record of 937,000 as shown by the Newschart above. Based on figures from the National Industrial .Conference Board and the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the chart giVcs NICB's estimate of 900,000 non-farm dwellings for 1050. Some builders predict, however, that 1950 home building may exceed that of 1349 in relation to population and the'number of new families formed during the year, the peak building figure for 1925 represented a greater boom than 1949's million units. apartment units were started every tiour, or more than 8 every minute, of the working day in 1940? As much as 3!4 tons of steel may go Into a ti-room frame house. Including 600 pounds of nails alone? About 20,000.000 non-farm families own or are buying thctr homes, and 57% or 11,400.000 of these own their homes free and clear of debt? Of every 10 owner - occupied houses, three have been bought .since tile war? 4" of mineral wool insulation Is equal in heat-stopping value to 74" of solid biick? 7 Ir 10 home heating plants cost their owners 10% more lo operate than necessary because lliey need repairs? At least 2.000,000 of America's 37,000,000 non-farm houses arc over 0 years old; S.OOO.flpn between 50 •viici 70; and 11,400,000 between 30 lid 50? Failure to standardize tubular ocks for interior doors costs American home buyers $10.0(10,000 a year? On-sitc labor amounts lo be- .wcen 32% and 38% of the cost of a :iome? An average of one home fire occurs every 1 !4 minutes and the nv- crase loss Is $600. Attached garages are wauled bj of American home buyers: 40.2% want scml-ntlnchcd: and .6% want a detached garage? This year's census is expected to show an increase of 5,000.000 house- 35.100,000? In 1948. there were an estimated 40,700.000, with 2,500,000 couples sharing living quarters with other -famines? Your 'Ailing' House May Suffer From the Diseases of Old Age 'Odd'Wall Space Idea! for Shelves When an odd wall .space between two doorways or in n wall offset beside a chimney is too small for furniture to lonk well there the space can be made useful by building shelves. Extend open shelves from a point about 30" above the floor to the ceiling for books and. bric-a-brac, with a closed cabinet below for for home movie equimpent or nthtcr articles. In planning the shelves, space some 13'\ or 14" apart from tall books like encyclopedias, with others 10" or 11" 'apart for avef- age books. Plan the space in the cabinet and arrange the shelves to fit the principal articles to DC stored there. SAVE 15 Carder NOW! NEW YORK <NEA>—It It takes your wife (or your husband) twice as lony as you think it should to get the dishes done, maybe you'll "better check up on the age of your house. Very likely you belong to one of 23,000,000 American familta living in homes more than 30 years old, or even worse, one of 8,GQO,OQO living in homes built before 1900. In that case, the slow dishwashing probably is the result ol a house "disease" the architects call obsolescence. Home-planning specialists go further and call it a kind of creeping paralysis of inefficiency. Reluctant running water, grumbling plumbing equipment, clanking and inefficient heating apparatus and badly arranged kitchens nrc some of the symptoms. A national survey Just completed by a Minneapolis regular company reports more homes are exposed to the ailment, which takes a toll of weeks of unnecessary labor from the homemaker. • • * Home owners looking for R cure should begin, the survey suggests by making a detailed analysis what's wrong with the ailing house That slow-motion dish-washing or a tedious wait to fill the tub foi bath, may mean the pipes arc lull of accuulated lid. Very oftci the water pipes in a house 25 years or more old have inner diameters! scarcely larger than a lead pencil. Modern plumbing methods make the solution to. this one relatively simple. Flexible copper tubing, Instead of rigid" piping, obviates the need ofvrrpplhS i 011 ^ plaster,to replace the plumbing. If there's excessive dust and, dirt 'Stale' Water Best For Heating Unit In homes honied with stcnm or not \vatcr, the water should be re- aineri in the boiler, pipes and rfld- ntors and not rcp)nccd with fresh water unless nbsolulcly nccessnry. . "The "stale" water has had the lime boiled out of It and adding :icw water will simply result Ir heavier lime deposits on the Inside of the heating system, culling clow its capacity anrt efficiency. ; Water Mint has boiled frequently al.so Is loss likely lo cause rust because moH of the oxygen has Ijeen rrmo/ed. The only time a steam or hoi wafer system should 'be drained I; to avoid freezing If the house is un otxiipied ln,ihe winter, or to cnnhli repairs lo be ninile, If the wattr gauge snows a low cring ol the holler water level fron day to uny. the system should be ing plant may fell be the culprit Streaks of smoke on the walls near radiators or warm air grills may be traced to the same -source—furnace crncks and holes. A good genera utility man—or a handy mnn-nliont- the-house—can patch these holes quickly at small expcn.se. If the healing system seems be fond redcmplion, a new oil burner can be installed for as little tis $400. Or the basement ceiling can be covered with wnllbonrd or other composition material to prevent dirt from filtering through. Crafts, cold iioor.s and liard-lo- heat rooms may also be the fault of a 30-year-old thermostat, Ancfcnt kitchens usually are woefully lacking in adequate storage space and modern appliances which take the backaches out of housework. This doctoring job will probably be the most expensive of all, but can be clone little by little. New counters, cabinets and sink would run to about $700 (a handy husband can save a lot here), while the full automatic treatment — dishwasher laundry and garbage disposal unit, than half of America's 42.000,000seeping through the floor, the heat- would add another $500. RADIO AND TELEVISION REPAIR Factory-Trained Mechanics Any iMiike or Model Prompt Service Reasonable Prices Phone 2642 We I'itk Up am) Deliver Fred Callihan 110 So. FirstSI., Ulytheville :iecked (or a hidden leak. This will | pipe which has rusted out beneath touna most often In tlio return the basement Iloor. Here's a real enamel for inside ami outside use on wood or metal. Paint woodwork and trim in sparkling colors, do over the furniture in gay tones. Waterspar Hows out easily to n smooth gloss, dries S*>07 quickly, resists wear and abrasion, can be ^ J washed often. L quart 213 WEST MAIN ST. PHONE 2OI5 PLUMBING Prompt, Export, Guaranteed Woik Harry Myers in Charge of Plumbing Department BLAN HEATH CO, 112 North First Phone 828 ENJOY th* hmrrf of * cool hom« tv«n In hottest weather I Th« iprinf - mounted Coohir Fan bringi ultra-quiet home cooling at amazingly low coct. FHA Mrms, frt* Mtimat*. Prlct* new lower • Kwn pr*-wor ovcrogvt BUILDER'S SUPPLY CO., Inc. W. H. Ptase J. 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