Warren Times Mirror from Warren, Pennsylvania on August 15, 1945 · Page 1
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Warren Times Mirror from Warren, Pennsylvania · Page 1

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Wednesday, August 15, 1945
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THE WEATHER Fair and cooler tonight. Thursday fair and continued cool. Warren temp.: High 84, low 62. Sunrise 6:10. Sunset 7:53. WARREN TIMES-MIRROR The Only Paper In Many Homes — The One Paper in Most Homes VOLUME FORTY-SIX The Associated Press WARREN, PA., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 15, 1945 NEA and AP Featu res PRICE FOUR CENTS ORLD ENTERS ERA PEACE TRUMAN WARNS TASK AHEAD * EASE FIRING;Tïii»A,es.,i.„ RDER SPANS ITHE UNIVERSE ITwo of Greatest Military Leaders in American History Offer Words of Caution to World RGES NO LETDOWN By th* Aisociated Pre»» Guam. Aug. 15— (IP) —The or- Her to "cease firing” spanned the [broad Pacific today, but two of [America's greatest military leaded words of caution as they prepared to put it into effect. It came too Jate to halt some jreviously-launched air operations. Accepting the command of the (Allied occupation forces of Japan, General MacArthur said at Manila: T thank a merciful God that this mighty struggle is about to fend.” His next sentence was: ‘‘I [shall at once take steps to stop lostilities and further bloodshed.” Admiral Halsey, commander of the Third Fleet, told his officers [and men and the world in a broad- least address from his flagship jnly 110 miles off Japan: •Now that the fighting has end- Itd, there must be no letdown. Irhere must be watchful waiting.” Both Admirals Nimitz and Hal- j hey radioed “cease fire” orders to | Ull Allied forces under their com- I land almost simultaneously with j iPresident Truman's Washington mnouncernent of the Japanese ca- Ipit ulation— and barely stopped fvundreds of Third Fleet carrier planes from bombing, strafing and rocketing the Tokyo area. The pilots turned jettisoned their bombs I nto the sea as they flew' back. However, 35 minutes later, a By the Associated Pres« Emperor Hirohito accepted today the resignation of the cabinet which led Japan to defeat, shortly after personally informing the people that their nation was compelled lo surrender to the Allies to escape obliteration. A Domei dispatch recorded by the FCC indicated that Hirohito had requested the resignation of Premier Adm. Kantaro Suzuki and his cabinet. A later English language broadcast by Domei, Japanese news agency, said the emperor had asked Suzuki to remain at his post “pending the appointment of a new premier.” Hiroliito’s announcement, the first radio broadcast ever made by a Japanese emperor to his subjects, attributed Japan’s plight to the invention of the atomic bomb, which he described as “a new and most cruel weapon, the power of which to do damage is incalculable.” “This is the reason we have ordered the acceptance of the joint declaration of the powers,” the emperor declared. I ! P e nnsylvania Has Jubilant Celebration By tb« Associated Press Pennsylvania celebrated the end of the war last night with jubilance and enthusiasm such as they had not felt for nearly four years. The official declaration of President Truman of Japan’s surrender was not an anti-climax for those ARMY PLANS TO RELEASE FIVE MILLION Pending Determination of End of Draft, Only Men Under 26 Will Be Called NO DEFINITE FIGURES By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH Washington, Aug. 15— (!) — At least 7,000,000 men in the Armed Services will be returned to civilian life within the next 12 months, Reconversion Director John W. Snyder said today. Snyder predicted that within the next several months the demobilization rate will be stepped up to 500,000 men a month. The current rate is 170,000 a month. His estimate of 7,000,000 men | to be discharged during the next year apparently applied to both the army and the navy. President Truman calculated last night that 5 to 53,i million men could be released from the army during the next 12 to 18 months. Army demobilization, Snyder said in a report titled “BYom War to Peace—a Challenge,” will be on the same basis as formerly. This means men released first will be those with longest combat service and the greatest number of dependents. “The navy plans to demobilize some of its personnel almost immediately,” Snyder said. “Congress will decide,” he continued, “on peacetime draft policies when the cessation of hostilities is declared.” This apparently meant after V-J Day has been proclaimed officially. ’ Mr. Truman’s statement last ‘We Want Harry! We Want Harry!’ Shouting “We want Harry, we want Harry,” a crowd surges across Pennsylvania White House fence after announcement of Jap surrender. who had alrealy started premature celebrations before dawn Tuesday, night made it clear that, pending Happy crowds jammed streets, j determination of when the draft blew horns and whistles and mill- will end, only men under 26 will Fapanese bomber w’as shot down i Èunnoï’wÎe ordemUo stand an i»round for hours. Automobile | be called up by Selective Service. iir alert. General Spaatz’ U. S. Army [strategic air forces w'ere engaged }n their greatest—and still developing—attack on the enemy homeland. The assaults were halted Iftfter more than 300 B-29s and |l80 Fighters had smashed Japanese targets throughout yesterday [afternoon and last night at a cost pf four Fighters. More B-29s were ( (ready to take off. Some Super- forts still were aloft on the way )ack to the Marianas when President Truman was announcing Ja|pan had capitulated. General George C. Kenney’s far [air forces fighters probably were J the last to hit Japan before the horns blared continuously. In churches, shrines wrere bright with candles and a steady stream of people v/ent in and out of doors. Servicemen took the news calmly. One soldier at Indianiown Gap military reservation commented, “Let’s go home—and soon.” Soldiers at Valley Forge General Hos- lective Service The monthly draft calls already have been trimmed from 80,000 to 50,000 men. The army demobilization rate was estimated by President Truman as he recommended the draft adjustments which were put into immediate effect last night by Se- pital, Phoenixville, were guests at a Red Cross-sponsored dance. A two-day holiday was proclaimed by Gov. Edward Martin. Liquor stores and taprooms closing until further notice. Banks declared a two-dav closing. Many plants, stores and offices locked their doors. Military installations declared a Draft Director Lewis B. Hershey said the cut in the call means that most of the military’s needs can be met with youths turning 18. Mr. Truman made no mention (Turn to Page Eleven) State Has Miilton Dollar Potato Loss Coudersport, Aug. 15— (IP) —News of a million-dollar crop loss greeted members of the Pennsylvania Cooperative Potato Growers’ Association, assembled today at Camp Potato, near here, for their annual field day. Agriculture Secretary Miles Horst informed them the heavy July rains in eastern counties cut the crop by about 465,000 bushels and that production is threatened further by late blight. Gov. Martin Proclaims Two Holidays ruce. It was too late to recall i holiday for civilian and soldier per sonnel—except those for operations. Mayor Bernard Samuel, of Philadelphia, when the news flashed, declared, “I am overjoyed for a victory which guarantees that more than 12,000,000 of our men and w*o- men now in uniform soon will return to their firesides and resume the peaceful pursuits from which Two hours after the truce an- they were torn when cruel dictat- [houncement the Navy disclosed the crsar.d war lords conspired to en- lsaddening news of the loss of the j slave the world.” Itnem after their pre-dawii take- in ffs when the truce flash was received at Okinawa by Lt. Gen. Enids C. Whitehead. However, the trice did halt one bf the FEAF’s biggest missions. [Some bombers were in the air, others were taki.ig off, and more liA ere already warmed up yhen hvbitehead cancelled their mission. leavy cruiser Indianapolis, off iLeyte on July 30, with 100 per fcent casualties. Japanese torpedoes sank the unescorted Indianapolis in 15 min- ltes with 883 officers and men killed or missing. The remaining |j515—every one officially listed as casualty from wounds or exposure—were rescued five days later. The record USASTAF B-29[Fighter assault dropped approximately 6.000 tons of demolition and fore bombs on war industries at Ifsezaki and Kumagays, the Nippon bil refinery at Akita, the Marifu railroad yards, the big Osaka (Turn to Page Eleven) Acting to rescind all manpower controls in the state, Paul C. Lewis, regional director of the War Manpower Commission, said: “This represents the carrying out of a pledge freely given by the War Manpower Commission that, (Turn to Page Eleven) KILLED CELEBRATING Philadelphia, Aug. 15— (IP )— John A. Ferges, 69, was accidentally killed last night while exam- ing a rifle during an impromptu victory parade outside the state armory in nearby Media, Delaware county detective Earl Allen said. No Emotion Shown By Jap Diplomats Bedford, Aug. 15—LP)—Members of the Japanese diplomatic staff captured in Germany and interned in the once-Iuxurious Bedford Springs hotel listened stolid­ faced last night when told their country had surrendered unconditionally to the United Nations. “They showed no emotion,” declared one of the guard officials. “They are a very placid people.” When President Truman announced the Jap capitulation, the 150 prisoners were summoned to the hotel assembly room when the news w’as broken to them by Hiroshi Oshima, former ambassador to Germany. “We are commanded by the emperor to lay down our arms,” Oshima said. “I wish to add that I appreciate all the effort you have made in this struggle and I feel assured that while your efforts have not enabled -us to win you have at least done your utmost for the emperor.” on streets. Police were powerless to cope With the stream of traffic. From windows in the office buildings paper floated to the streets and showers of torn paper filled the air. Never before had there been such a demonstration in War! ren. Harrisburg, Aug. 15—(/P)—Ob- j As the evening wore on scores servance of a two-day holiday pro- drove into Warren from the rural claimed by Governor Martin be- sections and they added to the cas- Old "Joe Warren" Lets Hair Down Upon Receipt of News *----------------------------Old Joe Warren just let his hair down last night and went to town with a celebration that was unparalelled in the history of the i staid village where the sidewalks ore usually rolled up and put away I shortly after nine. The news that the Japs had folded was heralded forth by the sirens blown by police wrhen notified by the Times* Mirror. As the wail of the sirens rose and fell on the evening air people began to emerge from their homes, offices and stores. Locks were clicked on the taprooms and clubs and seemingly in the twinkling of an eye hundreds were on the streets. Flags appeared as If by magic and floated in the standards along the curbs and from homes. Hundreds upon hundreds of auto-»*.— -------------- ---------------------mobiles crowded with cheering, | smiling citizens appeare.I on the TRUCE TO LAST FOR A FEW DAYS UNTIL MACARTHUR CAN ACCEPT FORMAL SURRENDER While Promising Japanese People Free and Decent Lives, Declaration Lays Down Hard Future For Nipponese Empire STRIPPED OF ALL MEANS TO MAKE FUTURE WAR By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER, Washington, Ag. 15 (,!’) The world entered a new era of peace today. Along the enormous battlcfronts of the Pacific and Asia the mightiest forces of destruction ever assembled rolled to a victorious halt around the prostrate, vanquished empire of Japan. Throughout the Allied world, wracked by war or threat of war since Germany struck Poland on Sept. 1, 1930, it was a time for rejoicing and celebration. But already the problems of peace were beginning to pile up. “We nre faced with the greatest task we ever have been faced with,” said President Truman. “The emergency i.s as great as it was on December 7, 1911.” Mr. Truman announced Japan’s capitulation at 7 o’clock last (liight. The act marked the beginning of a truce that will last a few «lays with General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, as supreme Allied commander, can accept formal Japanese surrender on the basis of the Potsdam declaration. While promising the Japanese people free and decent lives, this declaration lays down a hard future for them. It is much like that imposed on Germany, except that the Japanese will have their own national government, including an emperor, under rigid Allied control. All means ever to make war again are to be «tripped from them. At advance Pacific bases military government officers stood ready to move in with occupation forces and carry out these terms. More than four hours after Mr. Truman announced the surrender, the war W'as still on in the Pacific. A communique from Guam early today reported that units of tin* U. S. Third Fleet in the vicinity of Honshu were being approached by Japanese aircraft. “Those that do so are being shot* --------------------------------------■—— down,” t he war bulletin said, ad- j pr0nlaimccl by the president as ding that live had been destroyed holidays, although V-J Day awaits since noon Japanese time (11 p. ' the formal surrender. rr,,i ' At Guam Admiral Chester W, in« Ii.W 1 -I iic.idtiy niLht). 11 » «»* J r Numtz followed through with an cause of the end of the war with Japan started in the Keystone state today. Ordering liquor stores and taprooms closed until further order and proclaiming today and tomorrow legal holidays, the governor said last night: “I request that the people of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania except those engaged in protective services, turn from their accustomed tasks on these days and join in reverent and patriotic tribute to the unconquerable spirit of free men the world over.” aphony of sound with screaming auto horns, noise makers of various kinds. Many had tin pans which they beat lustily and in every section the supply that had been laid in from the State Stores appeared. Plenty of bottles were tipped and toasts drank to the boys who had fought : o nobly in the cause that affected everyone. There w'ere no events that marred the celebration. It continued until late at night and then was continued in homes. This morning the streets of the Radio Tokyo, however, waited another hour, until l p. m„ Japanese time, to tell its troops of the surrender. “We have come to a point where it is useless to resist the enemy any longer,” the broadcast said. “We have lost, but this is temporary," it added. Domei News Agency reported that Emperor Hirohito, addressing his nation for the lir.st time b.v radio, blamed surrender on two main facts: 1. That the trend of the world was against Japan. 2. On the atomic bomb -which went into action only nine days ago and was used against only two cities. order to the Pacific fleet and other forces under his command to cease their attacks on the Japanese. Admiral William F. Halsey radioed the death-dealing pilots of his Third Fleet carrier planes to cease firing “but if you see any enemy planes In the air shoot them down in friendly fashion.” At Manila MacArthur, who had been building up an invasion army that eventually would have struck the death blow had Japan not surrendered, declared “I shall at once take steps to .stop hostilities and further bloodshed.” But no steps taken anywhere could make up for the losses of life and treasure already lost in ac_ mankind’s most frightful conflict. ... . , city were covered with paper soak- He urpd the display of the Am- cd by the rains that swept over *ir»5*n finer from «11 niihlip ninln- A1 ^ ^ the community. City employes of (Turn to Page Eleven) Community Church Service At Presbyterian Tonight Chaplain James A. Davidson, Air orce captain on leave for Okinawa, will preside at the community service of thanksgiving to be leid in First Presbyterian church it 7:30 this evening, arranged by Ihe special services committee of Ihe Warren County Ministerial Association. Rev. Harold Knappenberger, >astor of Grace Methodist church ncl retiring president of the association, will bring the message, ■several other pastor-members of Ihe association will also be participating in the service. BABE DROWNS IN TLB Farrell, Aug. 15— (IP)— Fifteen- month-old Patrick William O’Hare drowned in the bathtub today at his home when his mother left the room momentarily. She returned to find the child face down in the water. Efforts to revive him at Buhl hospital were futile. HOTEL MAN DIES Butler, Aug. 15—(/P)—J. Brown Nixon, 67, hotel man, died yesterday in Butler County Memorial erican flag from all public build ings, schools, homes, business and industrial establishments for the next 30 days and urged citizens of the state to gather in their places of wroship “to exercise grateful acknowledgment of Divine favor.” He designated today and tomorrow as “days of rejoicing for victory and days of prayer for the future” and proclaimed them legal holidays so that banks, schools, public offices and stores can close. The governor received the news Area Sweeps Up After Big Celebration This xs & community-wide wor- Benediction. ship period and members of all churches are invited and urged to participate. Practically all churches of the __ _____ community were open last evening | hospital. Nixon and his brother, and persons of all faiths assembled there for prayers of thanksgiving for the peace which had come so dramatically at seven o’clock. Both Catholic churches, St. Joseph’s and Holy Redeemer, are open all day today for adoration of the Most Blessed Sacrament in thanksgiving for peace and this evening in St. Joseph’s there will be special services of thanksgiving in the recitation of the Rosary and Simon, went into the hotel business here in 1897. He also operated the Waldron hotel at Lyndora for 10 years. OFFICIAL FOUND DEAD Harrisburg. Aug. 15—(/P)— Ralph L. Wralter, secretary of the state board of finance and revenue, was found dead in his bed of a heart attack yesterday, assist- ane Coroner Frank Heidel reported. Pittsburgh, Aug. 15— (IP) — of the surrender at the executive | Father Pitt began sweeping up his mansion and later went to a radio confetti-strewn streets today after station here to read his proclamat- j one of the most hilarious and ex- -vf ( ay- ^ • ion to the state. j uberant nights in history. ------------------------ j No sooner had President Tru- ftr n.nnr n.m.r , , Jt -. X man’s Jap surrender message I rOCUr6IT!6nT w II T reached the public than the streets of the Golden Triangle became a cheering, screaming, pushing mass of joyous celebrants—each determined to move faster and make more noise than his neighbor. Flag and bunting-decked cars in Supplies Made Washington, Aug. 15—LP)—A $23,500,000,000-a-year cut in procurement of munitions and sup plies was announced today by the paraded through the streets, Ser- war department. ¡vice men kissed pretty girls and The department said that as v*ce versa. Ticker tape and torn soon as President Truman an- paper poured onto the thorough- nounced the Japanese surrender last night, telegrams went out to prime contractors notifying them of cut-backs reducing army procurement from $2.400,000,000 a month to $435,000,000 a month. Of the procurement which is continuing, the department announced $268,000,000 monthly represents food purchases. Proud Cruiser Indianapolis Prey To Sub Guam, Aug. 15 — (IP) —Two explosions flashed out of her slim bow at 12 minutes past midnight. Flames streaked through her shock - darkened passageways, searing the bodies of her crew into shapeless masses. Within 15 minutes she plunged headfirst into the sea. That was the end of the proud cruiser Indianapolis — torpedoed 450 miles off Leyte July 3u with 883 dead and missing, after she had finished a record speed run from San Francisco to Guam to deliver the first atom bomb to the B-29s. She apparently fell prey to a Japanese submarine. For the 500 crewmen and tne handful of officers hurled alive into the midnight sea, it was the beginning of a living nightmare. It ended, for some, more than 115 hours later—after some of the crazed seamen had killed each other, and others had dived sui- cidaliy -into the cooling blue depths, heading for some “magic island” they saw in their feverish j ment had sent dreams. | through neutral No one beyond the oil-streaked j terday afternoon circle of men and debris in the ‘‘I deem this reply a full accept- sea knew what had happened to i ance of the Potsdam declaration ; onomy to the war-spurred develop the unescorted cruiser until a which specifies the unconditional ment of atomic energy. Peleliu search plane led the way j surrender of Japan,’ Mr. Truman j to the rescue of the 3i > survivors sauJ- ! There wrere no conditions, al- ! though the foe had sought last Friday to win guarantees that the emperor would remain a sovereign ruler. The nation that set out at Pearl Survivors said nearly 700 men had gone down with the ship. Hundreds more plunged into the sea without life preservers or rafts, so Hirohito >told hia subjects, to ........ j , not t1» make 1 Iu‘ United States alone could count nearly 1,000,000 dead and wounded and a money cost estimated at $300,000,000,000. The nations of tne world altogether suffered incalculable casualties: some persons put the total at more than 23,000,000 killed and wounded exclusive of air raid and starvation losses that never can be known. Only six minutes before the surrender announcement, the navy released for publication later last night the news that the cruiser Indianapolis had been torpedoed and sunk July 30 with the loss of 833 crew members. Beyond these items already entered m history’s account book lie the problems of tomorrow growing out of the war—reconversion of Allied industries to peaceful production, unemployment, political unrest and upheaval, demobilizat- to Washington j ion of the armies so far as it is to Switzerland yes- be done, deconstruction of the ruined cities and transportation systems, adjustment of world ec- cording to Domei, trouble, to avoid lighting among themselves and to unite their strength “to be devoted to the construction of the future.” Allied plans call for the victorious powers to control that luture for a long time to come. Many Japanese who played leading roles in the war were expected by officials here to commit hara-kiri a;; a result of the defeat. Domei reported from Tokyo early today that the Japanese war minister, Koreehika Anami, had killed himself to “atone for his failure.” There was much speculation among far eastern experts that Hirohito would abdicate and might also commit suicide. Mr. Truman announced the surrender at a two-minute news conference. He released at the same time the text of an acceptance note which the Japanese govern that death quickly began to pi< <v j-£ar)3or to defeat America and con- them off. Ten officers and 305 enlisted men lived through the torture. fares in a torrent. The paper shortage was no barrier, small boys with brooms swept the confetti up and re-sold it to the celebrators. Guards at Liberty tubes reported the heaviest movement of cars in DECLARE HOLIDAYS Baltimore, Md., Au#. 15--(/P) — The Third Service Command has granted its soldier and civilian workers at all military installations in Pennsylvania, Virginia and Maryland a two-day holiday, Maj. Gen. Philip Hayes, commanding general, announced. All persons except those necessary for main' quer the Pacific and lands beyond had caved in completely. With the president’s announcement came a flood of orders: 1. General MacArthur was designated formally as supreme commander for the Allied powers the United States, Russia, Britain and China to accept the formal Japanese surrender. Gas Rationing is Terminated Washington, Aug. 15— ( IP ) —• OPA today announced immediate termination of the rationing of gasoline, canned fruits and vegetables, fuel oil and oil stoves. Price Administrator Chester Bowles said that meats, fats and oils, butter, sugar, shoes and tires will stay on the ration 'list “until military cutbacks and increased production brings civilian supplies 2. The Japanese government, in more nearly in balance with civil- a message sent through Switzer- j ian demand, land, was ordered by Mr. Truman j “Nobody is any happier than we to stop hostilities on all fronts and in OPA.” Bowles said, “that as far to send emissaries to MacArthur as gasoline is concerned, the day their memory. The milling throng i tenance operations were given to- jammed all streets in the triangle, j day and tomorrow to celebrate the (Turn to Page Eleven) ‘Japanese surrender. 1 to arrange for the surrender. 3. Allied armed forces were ordered to suspend offensive action. 4. Today and tomorrow were is finally here when we can drive our cars wherever we please when we please and as much as we please.”

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