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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NOttTHEA 8T *»••«••*« AMD 8OOTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLV—NO. 292 Blythertlto DfUj New Blythevllk Courtar BlythevUle Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MARCH 2, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT* : Six-Year-Olcl Girl J)ies in Accident On Playground Phyllis McGhee Fatally Injured When Hit by Falling Swing Frame A six-year-old Blytheville .girl was fatally Injured yesterday when Ihe metal frame supporting the swing in which she was playing at the Catholic grade school playground toppled and a four-Inch pipe struck her in the stomach. Phyllis McGhee, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Clifton McGhee, 123 Fulton, died at Walls Hospital two hours after the accident. Services were conducted at 9 a.m. today at the Immaculate Conception Catholic Church by the Rev. Amos Enderlin. paslor. Burial was in Maple Grove Cemetery with Holt Funeral Home in charge. The accident happened about noon. The school, at Ash and Division Streets, is operated by the Catholic Church. The child is said to have been swinging during the lunch hour when the frame toppled and fell on her. Tlie sv/ing rail struck her across ,the stomach. There were no other injuries reported, 'fef Only fellow students at the school witnessed the accident, Father En- U MW Is 'Innocent*. Of Contempt Count Press Demands Major Spy Hunt In Great Britain Clamor Is Raised For Intensive Check On Security System Cold Weather Draws Coal Noose' Tighter PITTSBURGH, March 2 (T)—Sub-freezing temperatures In part of the nation made the soft coal emergency more acute today. Unemployment in allied industries is mounting hourly. More than 200,000 workers now —Courier News Photo Pictured Is the fallen swing which brought death to six-year old Phylfis McGhee In a playground accident about noon yesterday at the school operated by the Immaculate Conception Catholic CUurch. derlin said. at the school. She was bora in Blytheville, May 4, 1043, and had lived here all her life. Her father is employed at Joe Atkins Machine Phyllis was a fr'st-gi'ade student Snap Mr. and Mrs McGhee, and eight- year old Roger McGhee, a brother, are the only.survivors. White House Would Coordinate Cold War Fight U.S. Studies New Economic Plan By John M. Hightowcr I WASHINGTON, March, 2 (/P>— A plan designed to provide greater unity for the government's foreign and domestic policies was reported today to be under consideration at the White House. The proposal, on which President Truman will have the final decision, was initiated in the Stale Department. This was in line with a belief of Secretary Acheson that the United States must prepare to fight the cold war in a more complete manner than it has heretofore. l£ is understood that the proposal provides for an ' interdepartmental committee, .composed of representatives of such agencies as state, - 'gi^TVHV commerce &??$ r $S?tfp l \~ :fW; ' which would .function under White House direction. Provision is .pJs'o made for a White Hoiise coordinator to direct Hie work of the committee. Acheson. and some other high government officials have 1 argued that a realignment of American domestic economic policies In some degree Is necessary to make this. nation's foreign economic policies fully effective. Would Reduce Ta* For example, he '.j-vors tariff reductions and other measures which would open up American markets to greater sales of foreign goods. 1,779 Take Part InX-l Osc To Lead Blyth In Missfo Clinics o The idea Is to promote prosperity and economic stability tn otlicr Perhaps the greatest problem lies in the field of European recovery. : Acheson, ECA Administrator Paul Hoffman and other top officials have already begun to work on the problem of what to do after the European Recovery Program ends in 1952. Gap to Be Flugged F-stimatcs Indicate that Europ- still have a gap of several billions ^between dollars earned and dollars jjlicqulred for essential imports. T To meet this, State Department officials believe several lines, of action necessary. It is thought American Imports in the next two to three years should be increased about $3,000.000.000, that European purchases of American exports may have to bo reduced, and American aid to European countries may have to run _at $ 1,000,000,000 a year until after 133.1. Truman Says He Will Never Go to Moscow WASHINGTON, Murch 2 (ff/—President Truman'said today he never go to Moscow as long as he is President but will cooperate in any move to preserve the peace. Mr. Truman told his news conference he is for any plan to utilize the United Nations in preserving the peace. He did not comment dfiectly, however, on a proposal by Chairman of the joint Congression- ; Ak>mic Energy Committee.. " lioif called In.Va : Senate ;h /. yesterday, for the"; western to work out a program for c'e and then for the O.N. to hold an unprecedented session in Moscow. Mr. Tvumnn made clear that his cooperation will never involve miy trip by him to Moscow as long as he is President. But, he said he would like to visit Moscow after he is-through .being President. . Under questioning, he refused to say when that might be The President said his offer to hold peace talks in the United States is always open. A reporter told Mr. Truman tha McMahon was "trying to do something through the United Nations" —not independent ot it and—the newsmen wondered whether the President objected to that, procedure. Mr, Truman repeated thal'he Is not ever'going to Moscow for such a meeting, but said he will object to nothing thai will contribute to'the peace of the world. He said he would cooperate with any proposal that might bring about that result. • By William N. Oatis LONDON, March 2. fAP)— The strange spy career of Dr. Klaus Fuchs, sentenced to 14 years in prison for giving atomic secrets to Russia, led today to British press demands for a major shnkeup and investigation of this country's security organization. There was little doubt in unofficial circles that the Pnchs Irial yes- lerdsy would rock this country's counter-espionage setup and prob- have Joined the 312.000 striking United Mine workers in idleness. The governor of Massachusetts was given emergency war-time power. The Massachusetts Etale Executive Council, acting on Governor Paul A. Dever's request, granted him authority to seize and ration soft coal. Threat to Industry Devcrs says there Is u threat to Industrial production although there Is "no immediate crisis IB providing fuel for Healing homes.' However, householders in some states are cutting down temperatures to preserve their fast-dwindl- A" total' ofif,T79. persons have received free chesPx-rays at mobile units. in ; . Osceofa and Blyfchevilie duriUK~. the two days of clinics Soitducted by the Mississippi County Tuberculosis Association. In Osceola, 1.978 have been x-rayed and.701 have been x-rayed In Blytheville clinics. In Osceola.yes- terday, 535 were x-rayed and 378 were x-rayed in Blytheville. The milt in Osceola, set up at the court, house, Is scheduled to be brought to Blytheville next Monday, after whclh both units will operate here until Mnrch 9. Tlie unit in Blytheville was continuing the survey for the business section today, and the first residential section will be due to report tomorrow. All areas east of the Frisco and West of Franklin, and North of Main are to report between 9 a.m. and 12 Noon; and the afternoon all areas east of ean Marshall Plan countries would Franklin Street and north of Main Phyllis McGhee Top Jurist Okays Chiang's Return Generalissimo Is Legally President, Chinese Judge Says abU would touch off an intensive : •" *" — re check of every Imlividal connect- " 1B supplies. ed with Britain?, atomic research. A col(1 wiWB nlovccl lnl ° Ohio Tlie I-iOndon Daily Herald said "British intelligence services are to be overhauled Immediately." The Daily Herald, organ of the ruling Labor party, predicted there would be "sweeping changes In thesecuri- tv measures at government research establishments." No officials connected with security, lioewver, would comment on the case at all. The big question was: How did the brilliant German-born scientist —a professed Communist since 1932 —manage to dupe Britain's security officials for seven years? An editorial Ls the Daily telegraph explained it by saying security measures were too slow to change when the wartime cooperation between Russia and the west; turned into the cold war of, today The Impression was. general here Street are to report. Registrars in Osceola yesterday were Mrs. Milton pope, Mrs. Jettie Driver, Mrs. Kay Cox, Mrs. R.. H. ' Cutnmings, Mrs. L. R. Still, Mrs. D. V.Maloch and Mrs. Carroll Watson. Registrars for the Blythcville Clinic were: Mrs. H. C. Bush. Mrs. Ebb Carson, Mrs. Walter Day, Mrs. George N. Stilwell, Mrs. Nettie Green, Mrs. LeRoy Hud- diesoii. Miss Ncal Luckett, and Mrs- Ben Abbott. Smallpox Case Diagnosed in South Missco Arkansas forecast: Generally fair and continued'cool this afternoon and. tonight. Lowest temperatures tonight 26-33 north and east portions. Missouri forecast: Fair and warmer tonight. Friday increasing cloudiness and warmer. Low tonight. 15-25; high Friday. 15-55. Minimum this morning—22. Maximum yesterday—50. Sunset today—6:55. Sunrise tomorrow—6:28. Precipitation 24 hours to 7 a.m. today—.28. Total since Jan. 1—21.47. Mean temperature (midway be- :4|'ta-ccn high and low)—.36. Normal mean for March—51.2. This Date Last Year Minimum this morning—25. Maximum yesterday—42. Precipitation aJn. 1 to this date —12.73. New York Stocks 1:30 p.m. Quotations: AT&T 150 1-2 Amer Tobacco f4 Anaconda Copper 30 3-8 Beth steel :. 341-8 Chrysler 63 3-4 Coca Cola 163 1-4 Gen Electric 463-8 Gen Motors 76 1-8 Montgomery Ward 56 N Y Central 127-8 Int Harvester 28 National Distillers 225-8 Republic Steel 26 3-8 Radio 14 5-8 Socony Vacuum 163-8 Studebaker 281-8 Standard of N J 67 Texas Corp 60 3-4 J C Penney 603- U S Steel 31 Sears 43 Hew York Cotton Mar. July Oct. Dec. Open .. 3203 .. 3240 .. 3201 .. 3007 .. 2380 High Low 1:30 3206 3198 3138 3214 3231 3237 32C6 3191 3191 3010 2989 2936 2994 2972 2982 Mississippi County's lirst case of smallpox in years was reported yesterday by Dr. P. W. Turrentine public health doctor for South Mississippi County. He said a Mexican woman on the John White farm, about two miles north of Osceola, had H disease diagnosed as smallpox, which he salt was the first case he had observw since coming to the county scvei years ago. He urged all residents of th vicinity who have not been vaccin ated for smallpox within the pas five years to take this precaution. County health officers in Bly thcvlllc reported tcday they hav no record of a smallpox case in th past ten years. Soybeans Mar May July Open High Low Clos 241 244 24211 242' 240',i 'MOli 230'.i 240 235 '/, 235 'A 234 234' Ask W. Memphis Bypass Bids M O. Cotton . . Open Hi?h Low 1:30 Mar . ......'3158 3161 3143 3152 May . ...>.. 32W 3204 3l» 3193 July . ...... 3190 3191 3175 31*2 0-t . . 2M5 3001 2981 2990 Ceo... »W »« 2664 »W LITTLE HOCK, March 2. (A 1 )— Bids on the $1,000,000 West Memphis bypass will be received by the*.Arkansas Highway Commission tomorrow. The commission also will receive bids on eight other projects. Tile controversial West Memphis project will extend 7-5 miles from Marlon, the Crittenden County seat which Is north of West Memphis, to Highways 61 and 70 at the new Mississippi River bridge approach, cast of VWest Memphis. The project Is a relocation of part of present Highway 81 south of Marlon, U will be located west of the present location ot 61. It turn east north of West Memphis an extends to the new bridge approac at the St. Francis Levee. The project also Includes a con nectipn north of Marlon and four-lane road from West Mcmph to the new cutoff over the presei route of Highway 61. Highway Department Engtncci E. Johnson «aid thnt the dcpar ment will take right-of-way for four-lane highway but that at th time the cuttoff will be only a twi Sane thoroughfare. TAIPEI, Formosa, March 2. Wang Chune-hui, .69, China's top jurist, said today Chiang Kai-shek had every legal right to resume the presidency yesterday. Wang, who served from 1930 to 1936 as a full judge on the World Court at The Hague, sold no con- tutional question was involved. Chiang "retired" from the prest- ncy in January of 1949. He was cceeded by vice President Li sung-jen. (IJ. in New York recuperating om a surgical operation, yesterday id he would return to Chin and litest Chiang's right to resume the •csidency. (The Nationalist acting president id. Chiang became a private cltlr n when he retired and questioned is right to resume the presidency ithout an election.) A member.of Chiang's staff said le Generalissimo resumed the of- ce at the insistence ot members the National Assembly, the Leg- lative Yuan, the armed forces and arions public bodies. Tliis source refused to concede Li's ontention Chiang had violated the ationalist Constitution. He added hat whatever LI snys in New York will have no effect" In China. Wang said a statement by Chiang n January 1949 requested Li to take harge of the presidential duties. Wang said Li's right to act for he President depended solely on his . public 'statement by Chiang le added that when peace effort, ailed the president had every righ mdcr the constitution 'to return to >owcr by making u public stalcmen clievlng the vice president of th duties of acting president. fhat L Brills^agrjits and thS US Federal Bureau of'Investlgatlon had already sellout one of/history's greatest dragnets lor the'men to whom Fuchs handed Important information on the atom bomb and possibly even on the projected Hydrogen bomb. This international manhunt would not necessarily be confined only to Russians. For in Fviehs' confession he did not name the nationality of the person he fir.st contacted in 1942. He merely said he "established contact with another member of the Communist Party." The tssue likely to bring about the most searching inquiries—perhaps even In parliament—was the fact that Piichs' attorney said he came from Germany In 1932 as a known Communist and "never pretended to be anything else." He even managed to escape the purge of Communists and fellow travelers from government departments handling state secrets, which was Kentucky, west Virginia and west ern New York and Pennsylvania Temperatures skidded to five alwv zero In some sections. The industries which use coal ar taking it on the chin: In addition to the more thn 200,000 laid off, untold thousand are on short work weeks. Some o fthe men being laid ol a day or two a week are in In dustries which depend on elcctri power. Electric power Is being ratlone by some utilities. Big DuQuesne Light Company ir Pittsburgh has requested Its don estic and Industrial users to reduc their power requirements 50 pe cent. jTrolllr* Riduce Run The . Plttsourgrt'Hallways Con pany 'supplying' downtown I'itL burgh office buildings .rushed plan Disputed Points in Coal trike Negotiation Boil 'own to These Issues WASHINGTON, March 2. («— While the terms offered by the union nnd the operators In the" coal dispute have never been mnde public officially, they reportedly break down this way: The United Mine workers are said to be seeking: A wage Increase from the present basic rate of $14.05 u clay to $15 or more. A 15-cent boost In the prcspnt'~20-ccnt-a-ton royalty paid by the operators Into the_ miners' welfare fund. A work day' of 7!S hours, instead of the present 8 hours. The mine owners arc understood to have proposed: A "package" Increase of about 80 cents a day i>er miner, as opposed to the union's demands; estimated lo total over $1.80. • Judge Renders Surprise Verdict In Two Minutes Keech Holds UMW 'Not Guilty' on Both Civil, Criminal Counts lo convert partially lo oil. A three- inch oil line is being laid several blocks lo oil barges anchored - in the Allegheny Klver. Heating companies in other big cities have ordered temperatures lowered. , . . In Knoxvllle, Tenn., owners of some buildings are allowing their luinaces to die out at midday and stay out overnight. New York State's order to keep temperatures In office buildings to a 6B-lo-70 degree maximum is be-, ing greeted with mixed results. • •"-:' Truman Js Wi To Aid Spy Hunters WASHINGTON, Ivfarch I. (JP) — President Truman said today he Is perfectly willing to cooperate with a Senate Inquiry Into charges that aimched hy the Attlee government almost tVi'o years ago. During his Dr. Jekytl-Mr. Hyde existence of trustworthiness and ictrayal, he survived at leiifit eight special security checks without arousing suspicion. Oil Firm Moves Office and Opens New Bulk Plant G. O. Poetz today announced the moving of his downtown office to 116 West Walnut and the opening of a new bulk plant and warehouse at Promised Land, Tlie oil company, owned and operated by Mr. Pocl/., Is lo be known as the G. O. Poetz Oil Company. Mr. Pocti said today that all equipment added was of the modern type, and that the storage had been Early Filing ForAgriGas Rebate Urged Dean R. Morlcy, state revenue commissioner, today reminded Arkansas farmers that second-round payments of claims for refund taxes paid on gasoline used in farming operations should be filed with the commissioner of revenues Immediately alter Mar. 31 for early payment. New applicants for tbe rebates I are now being prepared and wil be mailed to all eligible pcrmi holders prior to that date. He sai< new application and new cer tificate from tax assessors showing that the farm equipment involve has been assessed for ad valorem taxes will be required In order fo farmers to receive sccond-roun payments, First-round payments of the re funds began Feb. 23 and are sched uled to be completed by Mar. 3 The second-round payments arc l> be completed by May 1. The second payment Is for. gaso line purchased since Jan. 28 of th' Increased from 70,000 to 160,000 gallons. Tlie plant is to be managed by C. Modlngcr, Sr. The personnel of the oil company hns been Increased with the expansion. year. The first-round payment w: for gas purchased prior to Jan. 2i Act. 409 of the 1919 General As scmbly provided for the refund four and one-halt cents of the si and one-half cents tax on eac gallon of gasoline used. icre Is n communist spy ring In he State Department. At the same time, Mr. Truman ild his news conference that the nestion of turning 'over loyalty Ics on government employes to the wesligators Is one that ho will pass n when he gets to it. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee has set up a special m- cstigatlng grnup headed by Scna- or Tydtngs (D-Md) lo look Into the liarges by Senator McCarthy (R- VIs) thnt there are Communists ]n he department. Truman Is Sarcastic • With a touch of sarcasm, Mr. Truman said that If people wanting rid the government ol disloyal lersons, are earnest, nnd have the velfarc of the country at heart, the lerson to. bring the complaints fo the president of the United Stales. Then, the president went on to say that he and the executive branch of the government have done everything that has been done to date to rid the government of subversives. He said he had appointed a loyalty board and net up a screening procedure for federal employes and that the prosecution of those suspected of disloyalty had been carried on by the President and the executive department. Nobody, he continued, has done anything concrete except the President and the executive branch. Civil I.lbrrly Considered He said the loyalty program was worked out with civil liberties In view and that nobody's civil liberties would bo Infringed. He said he is trying to uphold the Bill o! Rights, which he considers most Important. Doctor Claims 'Air' Killed Mrs. Borroto MANCHESTER, N. K., March 2. (AP)—The state's star medical witness said today he believed Mrs. Abble Borroto was killed by an air Injection in her veins administered by Dr. Hermann N. Sander. Dr. Milton Helpcrn, deputy medl- ca! examiner of New York City, gave this testimony as the state neared the close of ILs first degree murder case against the 41-year-old country doctor. At the end of a long hypothetical question, Dr. Help em said:, "In my opinion death was caused by an air embolism resulting from the injection of 40 ccs of air." That Is the amount ol air the state charges Dr. Sander Injected Into Mrs. Borroto's arm last Dec. 4 In a gesture of mercy to end the agony of her cancer. U.S. Defense Called 'Best in Peace' WASHINGTON, March 2. (AP) —. President Truman said today United states defenses are In the best shapt: they have ever been in peace time. Mr. Truman told a news conference he Is aware of criticism In some quarters that the Defense Department's economy moves had weakened the nation's defense. That's not the truth, the President said. He added he didn't think there was a word of truth in It. As a matter of fact, he went on, the country Is In the best, situation as to defenses that It has ever been in a period when It was not at war. Ecnnomy Under Fire Defense economy moves Viavc come under lire from columnists and others, including some members of Congress and some military officers who feel their own branch of the service Is being cut too much In a rcpor!. to Coni;re.«s today. Secretary ot Defense Johnson said the services have saved $501,000,000 of the $13,900,000,000 originally set aside for this year's spending. He expressed confidence that the annual rale of saving would reach $1,000,000,000 by next Aug. 10, the first anniversary date ot the unification act. Despite this drop in overall national security costs, Johnson said, the services are achieving greater combat effectiveness by cutting down on "excessive overhead and waste." Johnson submitted his figures to the House Armed Services Committee with the comment that they form a part of his first semi-annual report to Congress, due In about three weeks. Cosl* Cut Down Tlie revised budget ceilings for the 1050 fiscal year ending next June 30 Johnson reported, total $12,663,000.000. Congresj approprl- atcd $13,900,000,000 tor the current year .Including $736,000,000 to increase the air force from 48 U) 58 groups. The President froze this Item and Johnson did not list It as an economy. In addition, Johnson said, the department has absorbed another $592,000,000 In the costs of meeting military pay increases voted last year, operating and wnidlng up the Berlin air lift last July and August, the expense of mothballing ships and Installations and gettng the nationwide radar screen started. Using the President's 1950 budget request of $14,218,000,000 as a basis, Johnson said the overall estimated lolcil of "savings, reductions and absorption.?" will be 51,592,000,000 for the year ending June 30. Because ot these economies, he said, "plans for 1951 Irnve been modified to provide significantly more powerful military forces within the same dollar requirements." WASHINGTON, March 2 (AP) — The United Mine Workers today were found innocent of contempt of court in the 25-day soft coa] strike. Federal Judge Richmond B. Keech. who heard the case without a jury, announced a verdict of "not guilty" on both the civil and criminal contempt charges. . The Judge said that he had considered the government's petition* and "found on the record" that th« charges of contempt of his Feb. 11 bnck-to-worlc order were not suj>- . ported. ". The union had contended that it was In no way responsible for th« refusal of the miners to work. Its defense wus that the ST2.000 coal diggers had each quit H'orfc by individual decision, not by direction of the union, and that officers ot the union had done all they could lo end the strike. .'..•- i* : It took Keech Just two minute* lo announce his decision; - '•„Omits Written Opinion After offering counsel for both Bides an opportunity to be heard and saying that he had "heard none," the Judge signaled to th« marshal to escort him from th* courtroom. . •?.' lie made his announcement soberly, and white-faced. ••:"• Keech had prepared » long writ? ten opinion, but announced his ru( T Ing and did.not bother to read Uw prepared dpciimerit. '•' ,j ! ; ' The decision irk* »,'stunning «ur- prlse to/,the'">'ercJwded.. cWrt, room because<lhe union in two previoua strike cases had been held guilty and compelled to pay fines aggregating $2,130,000. •••.:;• ': Government officials Increasingly concerned over the spreading e4»- nomio effects of the coal production stoppage had placed high hopes on the contempt case as a means of getting the miners back to work/ '. There are indications the governs ment may now turn to seizure of the mines unless there .Is a quick contract agreement that get* coal production going again. * Scliure WM New President Truman, in response to questions, confirmed at a news cim- ference today that seizure plans have been drawn up.^ Deprecating their significance, he said plans are always drafted, covering all th« President's powers. But r-ne report was that the plani were completed only yesterday and were designed specifically to deal with the present situation. Th« Evening Star said the administration plan is to ask Congress for a. Inw permitting seizure If all other efforts to get coal production. hiv» failed by early next week. Assistant Attorney General H. Graham Morison told reporters in response to questions that he had no comment on the verdict. Asked if the government could appeal the decision, he replied: "We think It can be appealed on the civil side." But he would not say whether the government planned such an appeal. Welly K. Hopkins, union chief counsel, commented: "A fair and equitable decision." Yarbro Tops * Red Cross Drive Quota Yarbro lopped Its quota In the R (> d Cross campaign for funds after the first day of general solicitation yesterday. A total of $204.50 on a $200 quota and other pledges has been reported by Mrs. Margaret Haynes. community chairman. Yarbro is one of the first two outlying communltltles to make reports on the drive. Dogwood Ridge made a partial report of $lt. The total collections toward • S15.000 goal Is $1.841.50, B. G. West, campaign chairman for the Chlckn- sawba District of the American Red Cross, said today. This report Includes $15 from Team Two, captained by Jlmmi« Edwards, of the Inlllal gifts phase; $115 from Team Four, headed by G. G. Hubbard, Jr., and $70 from Team One, headed by John Caudill. The present total Is chiefly collections made In Blythcville during the advance gifts part of the drive. O. E Kimdsen said that solicitors for the general membership started •to work , In Blytheville yesterday, but no reports have been mnde. Mr. Knudscn and R. A. Porter are directing the campaign In BlythevDle, where $9.000 Is due to be raked; while U G. Nash and J. L. Gunn . are In charge of campaigns In outlying communities. '