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Star-Phoenix from Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada • 1

Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
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Miss S. Carolina ye Cose Winnipeg: May 198; July 196s; Oct. mm 1 183 FISCAL 50TH YEAR No. 152. SASKATOON, SASK, TUESDAY, APRIL 15, 1952 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES SSTI I' 1 I 10 1 7fn (fMnffl IP era 3 In a Cycle Sea of Misery Through Eight States; to Discuss Measures wvi'ifatfrtifii'iiAaaL.

Truman Signs Japanese Peace Treaty; Effective April 28 WASHINGTON, April 15 (AP). President Truman signed the Japanese peace treaty today and the State Department announced the peace with Japan will be made effective April 28. The department said it announced the planned effective date of the treaty which will end the Second World War in the Pacific "in oiaer to permit an orderly completion of the transition of Japan from the present occupation status to that of full sovereignty." OMAHA, April 13 (CP) More than 76,000 persons were homc-Ie today as the marauding Missouri and Missis Hippi rivers continued to spread their sea of misery through eight states. The Red Cross estimated that 18,939 families have fled their homes in the Dnkotas, Nebraska, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Kansas and Missouri. What the chief of army engineers described as the "greatest flood the white man has ever seen in the Missouri Hiver" was responsible for most of the flight of the homeless.

districts in the north and west THREE PACTS SIGNED jexpect it by the end of this In a House ceremony, -month. Truman also wrote his name to I One reason for delay is to af-three related Pacific security; ford the Japanese people and pacts. One with Japan gives the government some advance notice U.S. the right to keep military; of the time when their techni-forces in and around Japan. ical enemy status will end and The others are mutual-defence ne of indePen" agreements with the Philippines I Ue.nce will begin, and with Australia and New! In a statement, Truman said: ZealarKj 'The signing of these docu- Truman's signature to the rati-iinem completes another in the fication resolution, adopted of steV taken bv Sarah Mall, Anderson, S.C.

high school senior, will reign as "Miss South Carolina of 1952," at the annual Azalea Festival In Charleston, April 3. She will serve as official hostess of the traditional springtime celebration. Wage Board Backed in Steel Strike WASHINGTON1. April 13 (AP). Nathan 1'.

Feinsinger, chairman of the Wage Stabilization Hoard, told questioning senators today that the board's recommendations in the crucial steel dispute were "clearly within the board's jurisdiction and authority." Under ire from members of Congress for the steel proposals, he appeared before the Senate labor committee. He said allegations the board exceeded us authority and ignored its own regulations" were as WINNIPEG, April 15 (CP). Men at the Canadian National would like to know what's so special about April 15. Xwo years ago on this day, a big locomotive rolled off the turntable with a mighty toot. The whistle lever jammed and it tooted for lo minutes, getting scores of citizens out of bed and bringing a flood of inquiries to newspaper offices.

Early today, another engine was rolled off the turntable- and that's right it started all over again. This time it lasted 20 minutes. Spring fever? Get Through Wall To Steal Liquor CHESTER, April 15 (AP). Thieves chopped a hole in the wall of a Chester state liquor store and carried away 200 cases of whisky, valued at The thieves entered a warehouse next door to the liquor store through a skylight and then chopped a hole in the wall of the adjoining buildings. They loaded the whisky on a truck stored in the warehouse and drove away.

BIG B-36 CRASHES; the Senate last month, is tu uuu AMONG 10 GREATEST The Red Cross said 17,809 families are already homeless in the Missouri River valley. And when the river rolls through Omaha and Council Bluffs this figure will rise to 20,000 making the Missouri flood one of the 10 greatest in 71 years of Red Cross relief operations in the United States. There was no help from the weather. Showers were forecast for eastern Nebraska and western Iowa tonight and Wednesday morning. U.S.

army engineers estimate that 1,250,000 acres of land are under waters of the Missouri stt 1,1 in the Pacific. "In signing these documents, wa1New Jersey I know that I express the essential Unity and will of the American people for the earliest possible achievement of lasting peace and freedom with security- 'The treaty of peace with Japan and the related security and mutual defence treaties, when they go into effect, will bring that goal nearer to realization." The pact provides that the peace treaty shall come Into effect when deposits of ratification instruments have been made by a majority of 12 named countries. These are Japan, Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United States, France, Ceylon, Pakistan, Netherlands, Philippines and Indonesia. Four of the necessary seven Japan, Britain, Australia and New Zealand have already made their deposits. Thus this final action must now be taken by the U.S.

and two ethers. Canada, Pakistan and possibly France may complete the action in the next few days. Ceylon also can act as soon as the documents are received by the embassy from the home capital. The Netherlands, Philippines and Indonesia have yet to approve the treaty. lift li v.

anlhlnStopsoil sloshed down river, men vv nut? uuiiiuiia kji tuna ui i ivu Kten'fnr thp U.S. he fore the peace treaty with Japan comes into full force and tor mally ends the state of with the once-bitter enemy The final step is depositing the instrument of ratifica this; with the State Department. Truman did not say when step will be taken but officials BOMBER 15 DEAD crash "picking up papers r'and covering it ing! i SPOKANE, April 15 (AP). A B-36 bomber crashed on take-off from Fairchild air force base early today, killing 15 of the 17 aboard. The two other crew members suffered serious burns.

The giant, 10-engined bomber crashed in a farmer's field a half-mile northwest of the base, and burst into flames. ern areas. Across the river in Omaha another 5,000 have been moved from the lowland north and east sections. The Missouri's relentless ap proach has made temporary ghost communities of town after town. Sioux City, with people, is the biggest com munity thus far hit by the muddy waters.

The Mississippi matched the Missouri in reaching record depths. At St. Paul, the Missis sippi poured through low-lying areas, attecting 5,000 people and poising a big threat to millions FLOOD Continued on Page 2, Column 3 Expect Many To Vo te Today NEWARK, N.J., April 15 (CP). Between 750,000 and 1,000,000 were expected to turn out today in New Jersey to choose state delegates to national political conventions and possibly shed some light on the. future of presidential aspirants.

The Republican primary was me spotlight because of a three-way contest among Gen Dwight D. Eisenhower. Ohio's senator Robert Taft and former governor Harold Stassen of Min nesota. Eisenhower was established as a favorite, larselv because hp had the backinc of the state Re publican machine and Governor Alfred Driscoll. latt, who accused Discoll of double-crossing him by coming ur uwcuiiuwer anu who un successfully tried to withdraw from the primary, remained an unknown quantity.

New Jersey is the sixth of 16 states which hold primaries in election years to srive voters a chance to express preference for the various presidential candi dates. They Won Anyway LONDON, April 15 (Reuters). Two 15-year-old boys, barred from a 124-mile canoe race be cause they were too young, set out anyway and beat tiie win ners by two hours. Terrv Walk er and John Guy took nearly 72 hours to complete the tricky course rrom Devizes, western Lngland, to London. He was called to give his opinion on an amendment prepared by Senator Wayne Morse (Rep.

to the Taft-Hartley Labor Act making presidential seizure of plants and facilities legal In certain cases. The bill would tfive the Pres- sident clear authority in specific instances to seize plants af- tectea by labor disputes. United States industry generally, and many legislators, have condemned Truman's seizure of the steel industry a week ago as a "usurpation" of power. The seizure followed industry's refusal to agree with wage board recommendations on pay raises, establishment of the union shop and other proposals acceptable to the C.I.O. steel-workers who threatened to strike without them.

in Delay ThG B30 bomoers nave heenitween the New Jersey Bell Tele- stationed here since last sum- mer. An air force lieutenant was killed last week when he plunged from a bomber shortly before a landing. It was the first fatal accident in B-Sb operations nere. t0 inereases granted Mi lieutenant's paracnute popped open wniie ne was cnecKing 1 ..,,11,1 uiiuwu uiiiist, me siue ui, the plane, apparently ing him instantly. Uldest Kesident lJeau HAMILTON, April 15 (CP).

Beverly township's oldest resi dent, Mrs. Sarah Charlotte! George, died Monday at her home after a two-day illness. She was 101. Talks Puzzling Dispute Over 1 NEW YORK, April 15 (AP). Strike-tangled U.S.

cations were unravelling today with the settlement of a New Jersey telephone dispute bringing to three the number of walkouts ended. But three other wire strikes st'll were unsettled, and one of these ugainst the Western Electric Cj coukl nullify the ef fects of the three settlements by keeping phone workers from their jobs. A contract agreement provid-i ing a $4-a-week pay increase and fringe benefits was reached early today at Newark, N.J., be phone Company and 10,000 strik ing operators, members of the Communications Workers of Am erica (C.I.O.). Ohio Bell telephone workers ended their strike after obtain- ng pay boosts of week, telephone workers last lVet'i( Federal mediators are work thn strike of 16,000 C.W.A. members against Western Electric, the Bell svstem's manufactures subsidiary.

The Western Electric strikers Shave threatened to use picket lines and threatend to keep phone service disrupted in Ohio, New Jersey, Michigan and 40 other states. teriological warfare have been denied by the United Nations command. One allied theory is the charges furnish useful internal propaganda in a Red China striving to close the gap between its claims as protectors of the peoples' health and what is really happening in a land often swept by epidemics. (China is one of the most backward countries in applying modern medicine and hygiene.) A not her Moscow broadcast monitored here quoted Maurice Miller, described as a Canadian recent, wane coherence in mas cow, as charging that the Canadian government cancelled orders from Russia for several million dollars worth of electri- cal equipment. good many limitations, which the government imposes in a listing of strategic materials, from doing business with the S.S.R." 13 to day asked seven mid-western governors to meet with him lit Omaha Wednesday to discuss measures for dealing with the flood emergency.

The White House announced Truman will leave Washington by plane Wednesday for a flight over the flood area. The plane is to land at Omaha for the con ference with the governors. Truman invited the governors of Illinois, South Dakota, North Dakota, Iowa, Nebraska, Wisconsin and Minnesota to meet hjm. Pact Signed By Coal Men WASHINGTON, April 15 (AP). United States soft coal producers preparing for their expected 1952 wage battle with John L.

Lewis, have quietly signed an industry pact which draws management's defence lines tighter, it was learned today. The Bituminous Coal Opera tors Association, principal bargaining group for the industry, nas signed up most of the Indiana and Illinois soft coal pro ducers. These operators have long held aloof from joining the national bargaining group, choosing to take their own contract chances with the United Mine Workers' boss. The coal industry believes its new agreement will give it a great deal more resistance to Lewis' traditional dlivide-and-conquer strategy. The coal industry contract has run out but Lewis is not expected to make his new demands until the steel dispute is settled.

Will Exchange Cadet Visits READING. England, April 15 (Ruters). Canadian, British and American air cadets will exchange next August under a three-way plan to be worked out this week at the Cookham Dean R.A.F. centre near here. Britain will send 25 cadets to the United States and another 25 to Canada for a two-week trip wnne to American and 25 Canadian cadets will come to this oountry.

Canada and the U.S. will also exchange cadets. C. Douglas Taylor, of the Air Cadet League of Canada will at tend the talks Thursday at the official residence of Britain's home command chief, Air Mar shal Sir Rdhald Ivelaw-Chap-man. and the U.S.

Jointly ask the International Joint Commission to approve the seaway power plans, The President agreed. This agreement was a follow- up to a meeting between the resident and Prime Minister St. Laurent last September at whirh Truman said he would support Canadian action on the seaway if "joint development does not prove possible." Since then Congress has taken no action although legislation now is before The International Joint Com- SEAWAY Continued on Page 2, Column 3 Wanger Trial Sidestepped SANTA MONICA, April 15 (AP). In a five-minute court session, film producer Walter Wanger side-stepped trial today in the shooting of his wife's agent. The handsome, silver-haired producer threw himself on the mercy of the court by agreeing to submit his case on the basis of testimony at a grand jury hearing at which he did not testify.

Neither did his wife, Actress Joan Bennett, nor her agent, Jennings lang. The grand iurv indicted him Judge Harry Borde indicated ne win nave a decision ready a week from today. Prosecution and defence counsel agreed Monday to let a judge decide the 57-year-old producer's tare on me oasis of testimony befora the grand jury. The county grand jury indict-ed Wanger, one of filmland's most respected moviemakers, last DctTnber 18 on a charge of assault witn a deadly weapon wiUi intent to commit murder. WASHINGTON, April (15).

I'resideut Truman Endicott "Confirms" Bacteria Wat? by U.N. CANADIAN QCOTKO BY MOSt'OW RADIO "-1WFIL f'RXSH" me piaiie itii on me mi hi ui, Ernest Alf who told a reporter "We were awakened by this awful crash and as we got out of bed all we could see was a big fire. It made an awful explosion. It looked like it was, only a block away from the house but it was a half mile. "I could tell from the shape it was a B-36 but it was all burning." A few minutes the crash Alf said the bomber "is all flat now." The B-36, world's largest bomber and America's foremost atom bomb carrier, skidded through a fence that rings Fair-child and bits of it were strewn through Alf's field.

Pieces of the plane were scattered over a wide atea. The plane normally carries a crew of 15 but had two extra men on board this morning. The flight was described as a routine training mission. The B-36 has a range of miles with its four jet and six piston engines This was the second $3,500,000 B-36 destroyed at Fairchild. One crashed and burned while landing at the base, eight miles west of Spokane, last winter.

The crew escaped before it caught fire. Alf said the flames lit up his farm house as if it were daylight at 3:45 a.m. The plane crashed in a corner of Alf's wheat field. Mrs. Alf said air policemen were on the scene shortly after Three Children Perish in Blaze RIMOUSKI, April 15 (CP).

Three children were killed at the village of St. Thomas de CheTbourg when a gas lamp exploded and set fire to their home, it was learned today. The accident, which occurred last Thursday, killed Pauline, 7. Jacqueline, 0, and Jacques, 3, children of Mr. and Mrs.

Gerard Letourneau. Three other children and the mother escaped. Seaway Project Pushed By Truman's Promise LONDON, April 15 (CP). Moscow radio today quoted Dr. James Endicott, chairman of the leftist Canadian Peace Congress, as "confirming" that United Nations forces are waging bacteriological warfare on Communist China.

The broadcast, monitored here, said Endicott also speculated on the possibility that some of the "infected insects" allegedly dropped in northeast China were bred in Canada. The Moscow radio said Endi cott spoke to a press conference and machines at the twin cities of Omaha and Council Bluffs-combined population 360,000 toiled to build up the flood walls and dikes. The flood wall, when originally built, was 20.6 feet high and considered able to meet any challenge from the Missouri. Now it is being built up in hopes of fighting off a predicted crest of 31.0 feet Thursday. The crest would he 12 Mr feet over flood stage and seven feet over the previous recorded high of 24.6 in! SKI Tjhe river stood at 20.7 feet here early today.

But there was still hope. Lewis Pick, chief of army engineers, said he believed there was a chance of winning. In Council Bluffs, 30,000 peopletwo thirds of the population have left the low-lying Egypt day, but did not know the exact time. During the delay exploratory talks between British ambassa dor Sir Ralph Stevenson and the Egyptian government have continued. Amr has sat in on these conferences, including one" last bunuay when Stevenson handed over a message from Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden.

Meanwhile the Egyptian government was reported today to be considering settlement of claims by stores, theatres and other business firms for the damage caused in the January jt oiacK baturuay tires and riots. Premier Hilary was said to be preparing to tyay out 8,000,000 Egyptian pounds (23,020,000) as "full settlement." The government had earlier earmarked 5,000,000 Egyptian pounds ($14,350,000) as loans to damaged place's of business. The government announced today that the curfew imposed Cairo after the fire riots would be lifted for Rama dan, the Moslem holy month starting June 5. Interior Minister Ahmed Mor tada El Maraghi Bey said the curfew was being raised at the "express wish of King Farouk It now is in force from midnight until 5 a.m. During Ramadan the Moslem religion requires fasting from dawn to sunset, but permits Cat ing during the night hours.

Nuns Taken From Schools JEFFERSON CITY, April 13 (AP), A Roman Catholic order has decided to I wiumiaw nuns serving as teachers In several Missouri public schools. withdrawal notices were received by school board members of the St. Thomas and St. Mar tins districts near here. Mother Evangela, head of the Louis provincial office of the Sisters of Notre Dame, sent the notifications to the board mem bers but gave no reason for the action.

The' nun-teacher Issue has re. suited in two lawsuits in which the plaintiffs contend paying Catholic nuns to teach in "pub lic scnoois violates federal and state constitutions, which re quire separation of church and state. Both eases are awaiting decisions in Missouri 'courts. Nuns teach in only small percentage of the state's nubile schools. The withdrawal otxier becomes effective next term.

Montgomery As Successor? FAVORED BY ALEXANDER LONDON, April 15 (CP). Field Marshal Alexander's flying visit to Paris today was by a defence ministry spokesman here as just "a routine trip by a new man on the job." the said it would not be surprising if BruV ain's newly-appointed defence minister took the opportunity, in the course of his meetings with Dwight D. Eisenhower, to present this country's views on the general's successor. The Daily Express said in a front-page dispatch today that Lord Alexander will, "press the claims of Viscount Montgomery" to replace Gen. Eisenhower when the latter leaves his post as Atlantic pact commander to enter the United States presi dential race.

It has been generally taken for granted hera that an American will succeed Gen. Eisenhower, with his deputy Gen. Gruenther regarded as perhaps the most probable appointment. Prime Minister Winston Churchill said in the House of Commons recently that if the United States wanted the post for an American general it should be conceded. $70,000 in Gold Stolen in Paris PARIS, April 15 (Reuters).

Three armed men stole 100 pounds of gold valued at $70,000 in a crowded Paris street today. The bandits, driving a stolen truck, forced an armored car onto the sidewalk. Covering the crew with a tommy-gun and re volvers, they grabbed five sacks of gold bars. The trio evidently knew the routine of delivering the gold fron. a bank to an exchange broker in the Paris financial quarter.

Holiday-Makers Killed KINGSTON, Jamaica, April 15 AP). Six holiday excursionists were killed and 43 injured when their truck skidded and hit a tree. (The Pravda editorial followed delivery last week of a Soviet note insisting that the Big Four run elections if they are held in Germany. The western powers are preparing their answer to the note.) The editorial did not engage in strong criticism of the western powers and was written in a mild and conciliatory tone.1 The western powers have been backing a plan for a U.N. commission to investigate the feasibility of elections to unite Germany.

The commission already has been in the British, French and U.S. zones, but so far has received no answer to four requests to study conditions in the Soviet zone. at Mukden and quoted him aseiegatc irom Montreal to the savins Canada has orean zat ions producing bacteriological weap- ons for the L.h., including a "huge plant" in Alberta. Endicott. accused a Canadian nffif-tal namorl "Roland" of sav- CAIRO, April 15 (CP.

The Egyptian ambassador's mission to London was held up today and observers were puzzled by the continuing delay and secrecy surrounding his departure. Ambassador Abdel Amr is believed to taking a proposal to the British foreign office which may break the Anglo-Egyptian diplomatic deadlock over the Suez and the Sudan. On each of the last four days the ambassador has been reported ready to leave then at the last minute his flight has been called off. A special government plane has been standing ready at the airport all the time. Amr said this morning he expects to take off "some time to- The eather SASSY SAYS: NOT QUITE SO WARM Copyright By Vgvra.

ASKATOOV AXn PRINCE ALBERT Cloudy clearing thli rvrnmg. A few howrri this afternoon. Sunny and warm tomorrow. Winds light tomorrow. Low toniuht and high tomorrow at Saskatoon.

North BatUeford and Prince Albert 3S and tO. t. HKOINA AND YORKTOV unity except for a few dourly periods In the afternoon. Continuing warm. Winds southerly at IS h.

becoming west 1.1 m. ph. this afternoon. Regina and Vorkton 35 and 60, Temperature at this morning: A year ago Lowest temperature in night Maximum Wind, average velocity Wind, maximum velocity Preripltatian Sunshine Sunset today Sunrise tomorrow Tstiday. April IS, IMS 72 34 0 ill 1.04 S.07 Max.

Min. Prec. Kamlnops Prince Ueorge St 67 3S 18 40 43 42 .19 41 40 30 45 4 3 1 37 35 JK 32 37 39 3" J'rince Rupert 48 Vancouver 57 Victoria Calgary Coronation 67 Edmonton rut Feirvtew S7 Lethbrldfe tt Medirlne Hat EMcvan 7 9 .01 .02 wmte Hiver Mooe Jaw 71 BnUlefnrd Frlnce Albert Rcgina Kwnt Current orkton F-randort Duiphln Thr Pas Vinnreg 1-ort Wliltam K-nora Toronto Aicntreai 6a 70 67 fit 7S 1 7 7 91 41 33 ".7 .15 ing in a newspaper article that! Miller was the prospects for mass deaths looted as saying, "the company were "extremely heartening," 'hat undertook the contract and, the radio said. This presumably 1 understand, went ahead with was a reference to Dr. O.

M.l't Us initial stages, either Solandt, head of Canada's Dc-ike off negotiations or didn't fence Research Board. provide delivery. Communist charges of bac-: itn.v case, we in Canada I find ourselves proscribed by a A Mountain of Men WASHINGTON, April 15 (CP). The controversial St. Lawrence seaway project was a step closer to realization today.

At a White House conference. President Truman agreed that Canada and the United States should join in asking the Inter national Joint Commission for approval of St. Lawrence River power development plans. Truman's promise was a measure of progress in clearing the way for Canada to get started on the $818,000,000 project which includes a large hydro-electric plant on the St. Lawrence and of ocean channels into the Great Lakes.

The seaway plan has been under consideration off and on for more than 50 years but despite, the support of Canada and most U.S. presidents in that time, Congress has consistently refused to approve it. L. Pearson, Canada's external affairs minister, Transport Minister Lionel Chevrier, Canadian Ambassador Hume Wrong and State Secretary Dean Acheson attended the hour-long meeting with Truman Monday. Pearson proposed that Canada Denies Intrigue Against Iranians TEHERAN, Iran, April 15 (Reuters).

George Middleton, British charge d'affaires in Teheran, today denied that he had met tribal leaders or intrigued against the Iranian government in a recent visit to South Persia. He. Raid reports to this effect which had been circulating in Teheran in the past few days were "completely unfounded." He will call on the foreign minister Wednesday to express "i-egi-a" ett sudi reports. Slight Disagreement On German Elections MOSCOW, April 15 (AP). Pravda, the Russian Communist party organ today editori-ally pictured the Soviet Union and the western powers as having only slight disagreement on elections to unify Germany just on whether a United Nations commission will supervise the voting.

Pravda stated that the three western governments, like Rus-sia recognize the necessity for all-German elections to establish an all-German government. But it said preparation of the elections must be carried out by a big-four commission because the four powers have no right to give up their function of supervising Germany, REPUBLIC of Korea troops completely cover a Korean hill as they attend a demonstration of latest infantry tactics. Among those witnessing the exercises were Syngman Rhee-, president of South Korea, and Gen. James A. Van Fleet, commander of the U.S.

8th Army in Korea..

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