The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 10, 1950 · Page 83
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 83

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, October 10, 1950
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Page 83
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SECTION D—PAGE EIGHTEEN BMTHEVTU.E (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Gins Replaced Saw (Mills in Shift from Lumber to Cotton • Transformation of Mississippi County from a lumber ; economy to a cotton economy near the turn of the century • brought with it another transformation—a change from '.'• «aw mills to cotton gins. ';'-Pioneer families In this county* •! dealt in timber, and places such as ;.- Blythevllle, Leachville, Manila and ', m'rnjr others that are cotton cen- -J ieis today were at one time'merely : lumber camps. ,\ But as the ax began to take Its '' toll and timber disappeared from ; this area, people were forced to ii put, the cleared lands to some use, '; and change their means of livell- L i hood. The answer was cotton. .) And ss cotton raising gradually |j took the place of limber cutting, !• ni-.w processing facilities were neert- ;i ed. It was then the cotton gin p'it ;' in Its appearance. Records do not reveal when the .first gin was built in Mississippi :j County, but by 1907 Blytheville, 't which later became the cotton cen- '.'• ter ol the area, had only three in f operation. '.\ These three early gins were the !] Phoenix Cotton Oil Company Gin ,J at the slle of the present R. D. ji Hughes Gin, the Farmers Union 51 Gin' at the site of the old Stern- t~j berg Gin, and Bertlg Gin Co., on J South Se"-md Street. (I Fourth Gin Idle jl - A fourth gin, and probably Bly- jl theville's first, was standing idle in I! 1907. This was the Roberts Cotton Oil Comnany Gin managed at the time by W. B. Will^ms. In 1907. no gins existed In the immediate area surrounding Blytheville. There were none between Blythevllle and Holland, Mo., on the north; Manila on the west and Lrxora on the south. That year. 30 lo 35000 bales were [! ginned in Mississippi County. > By 1911. Blytheville had be»nn to N gain importance as a cotton market. T «rid that same year the first gin wnl.no Irf Dell. Building of gins throughout the county was halted momentarily by a collapse in the cotton market'in j! 1914 caused by the tirst World War. j: but near the end of the war there [i was ;a great demand for cotton [j throughout the world. Prices did J an about-face and started to climb. J, During the days of SO-cent cotton if Just after the war, more gins ap- i' peared in Mississippi. Counts', but N this, building period was halted In j, 1920 when the bottom fell out of ; the cotton market, and many who ;.'. had figured that war prices would « atay were ruined. ]' By 1B36. more than two per cent --. of the nation's cotton was marketed .In Blythevllle, and th* Mississippi .County area was dotted with gins. Coon IT HM M Gins For the past ten years, this coun- (t ty has grown and ginned more cot- t; .ton than any other county In the II United States. ji. Today there are about 80 gins In • i the county—42 in the southern part land 38 In the northern. |! It costs about $50,000 to build the ;.' amallest type gin, while some of the j] larger ones run as high as $150,000. [j Thus using an average cost of !i $76,000, the county's 80 gins have }t.«n estimated value of J6.00POOO. h And this estimate does not include Ji tractors, trailers and other exnen- ; ( sive equipment used by gin mana- i; Bers • for- auxiliary operations In lj preparation to ginning cotton ij These 80 gins must, process at <! least 1.200 bales per year to meet :!.operating expenses, and most of ;1 them run well -over that number. j' While some of the gins can turn !j out more bales of cotton than oth- ;i-ers, the average capacity of the i county's ginning system Is about ;j 5,000 bales per . gin. Thus MIssls- ;; «lppl County ginning facilities j..could take care of 400,000 bales « !i year if necessary. •j Figure Never Reached : ;; This capacity figure has never ii come close to being reached, how. j; ever, for In the county's peax pro- jj (Suction year—1948 _ only 292,00'} ,1 bales were ginned. This was an av- '[ *rage of 3.650 bales per gin. '• Last year, 2S9|ooo bales were qin- .; ned—an average of some 3302 bales ••: per gin, and this year, one oi the) |i smallest production years in some ! :J time, It has been estimated Ihitl ..; 185,000 bales trill be ginned. This ;•; averages about 2,311 bales per gin. ji Some of the county gins coiild . |j not reach the 5.030 bale average '. tvcn if cotton were available, ljut '.', many of them could more t>an •' equal it, and a few nre capable of ,! ginning two bales at the same time •;| Farmers of Mississippi county .:! often have been known for their ;! lack of care in picking their cotton, ;' and cotton men say the ycirs have F, brought little improvement In this ,'respect. ;! Careless picking of cotton" WM •; especially prevalent during the war - years and some still exists today. . i This condition was brought about - by the scarcity of labor and a' ten! dency by the cotton grower to be - less strict with his pickers In' re- j.cent years. Careless itinerant ptcfc- ;; ers also have been responsible to '. : some extent. ' .-"S The boll extractors, cleaners; EARLY OFFICER — The late John T. Collins (above! was one ol the early law enforcement officers of the city and county He served as- a city policeman in 1902. When Sheriff Sam Mauldln was slain on Island 37 by a bootlegger July 31, 1913, Mr. Collins was appointed to fill the'murder- ed cfficer's unexpired term. At the end of this term, Mr. Collins became a candidate for sheriff and was elected to serve two terms. This photograph Is from the collection of Mrs. Odie Freeman of Blytheville. drying equipment and the flrc- prooling ol gins. All of this new equipment Is automatic. One of the major Improvements Is fireprooling. The wooden gin building has almost disappeared and Is being replaced by steel am! other metal. As a result of this moderninrion program, ginj In this area have the largest investment in improved equipment of anyplace in the United Stales. It has been the responsibility ol the ginner to provide equipment which will eliminate the hiills, trash and dampne.ts which has characterized Mississippi County cotton. How well he has done thLi can b« seen in the modern, well-equipped gins In the county which today can remove many times more bolls and trash from cotton than could good gins ol 25 and 30 years ago. 1923— 'Big' Bootlegger Granted Parole From the March 12. 1923 edition of the Daily Blytheville Courier: The constable's office informs the Courier that one of the big still operators who had the bigjest still ever captured in this county, was recently released from the penitentiary, recently sent there, and Is back home. Such travesties on justice ns this Is what encourages law violator* lo act with Impunity. Why should they fear the law, when there is such a woeful disregard for the enforcement of the law by our govcr- | nor and lawmakers ,who conceived ' the lenient parole system. , ^. : ; driers and other conditioning i- limenl with which county gins'iiire , : provided have made a big contrtbu- fjtlon lo maintaining the grade ol .:(cotton sold In this area today? ''" i Mississippi County ginners have :ket>t pace with any tendency by ; the growers to bring In dirtier cot- jton by obtaining the newest equip\. ment available. ., They have been aided In their i efforts by the high price ol coU'jn ,1 which has prevailed the last few j years and a natural desire lor bet- ;'t*r equipment. -,, ." - j! ' (>lns Imprarrd ,; Four phases of this: gin Improve- mcnt~prof>ram Includes' purchasing i.;.'or modem cleaning, pressing and Strangers Fined For Using Aliases From the June 15. 1825, edition ' ot ihe Blytheville Daily Courier: Two strangers to this city, a ma:i and a woman, were brought to po- ' lice court this morning charged [ with registering at a local hovel j under an awumcd name. They were | 'hied $50 and costs In each case. [ A fine of $10 and cosls was imposed upon a man for trading i horses without a trader's license, 1 while the usual line for violating.' the speeding law was paid by several offenders. Judge Barham gave good advice and sound lectures to each of the! law violators, telling each of '.he dangerous outcome (hat might be ' expected to follow it their actions! nol changed lor the belter. j Plaster at Cfass Foot • BERLIN (AP) — student* at Schoenebeck, In the Russian «one, eagerly went to work in the vacated building of a small chmlcal factory during their vacation to relit It as their new vocational school house. A.S building materials were sVmrl. they were happy to find several bags of lime in the basement and plastered the walls and ceilings with it. Then they drove a couple of.nails into the wall, but the next morning found them on the floor. The "lime" was 1 loot powder—a ' former product of the factory. \ TUESDAY, OCTOBER lij, HUE/CN... Famous For 8 - Hour Dry Cleaning Service •iU.D/CN... Famous For Gabardine Suits For $ 20°° 1925-50 Owned and operated by A. 0. Hudson, Hudson Cleaners has served Blytheville for 25 years ... a record of service which establishes Hudson's as one of Blythevilles oldest business concerns. Hudson Leads The Field In Men's Clothing! Hudson Cleaners was established in 1925 at 303 West Main Street. After several years in this location, the business was moved to its present location at 3 20 West Main. Hudson's is considered one of Blytheville's pioneer firms. Owner A 0 Hudson has proudly watched the growth of this firm parallel that of the city of Blythevllle. The business was first established as a dry cleaning plant exclusively, but since then a complete men's apparel shop has been added. Hudson introduced 8-hour dry cleaning service to Blytheville and various cleaning formulas that have made Hudson's an institution in the Northeast Arkansas-Southeast Missouri territory. In the retail field, Hudson established new sales records only last year with the introduction of quality men's suits retailing for $20, Their sales record of more than 1,500 men's suits within a four-months period is reconnized as the biggest such promotion in the history of Blytheville. Hudson's growth'has been almost identical with the growth of Blytheville... and Hudson's has played a large part in making Blytheville a great shopping center. HUDSON CLEANER - CLOTHIER - TAILOR Blytheville, Arkansas Steele, Missouri A. 0. HUDSON, Owner

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