Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on April 5, 1946 · Page 1
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 1

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Friday, April 5, 1946
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SPECIAL CARRIER DELIVERY SERVICE If regular carrier falls to deliver your Tinges Herald PHONE 976-1 .VS. The Daily Times Herald Vol. 77—No. 81 Carroll, jowa, Friday, April 5, 1946—Eight Pages btiivmd by OrrUr Hoy Mj Knoh Kvtntnft SO G«AMr Postal Inspectors Find $153,150 Loo Iran, Reds Agree On All Points KNOWS HIS BUSINESS .... John Witte gives a few tins to Lyle Rungce, one of the many hoys who has worked for the veteran newsstand dealer during the 30-odd years he's heen In Carroll. Tho shoes that Lyle is working on aren't nearly so hard to shine as those of 30 years ago, according to Wittc. He******** John Witte In Newstand For 32 Years Accord Based On Reciprocity And Good Will Soviets to Withdraw; Oil Deal Made; Iran to Handle Azerbaijan Committee Votes 1 Year Price Control Extension By Staff Writer During the 32 years he has operated a newsstand in downtown Carroll, John Witte has watched many changes some humorous, some not so funny, but all interesting. Witte bought the newsstand in 1911. While the newsstand is the main business, his sidelines include a shining parlor, bar and hat blocking emporium. Before purchasing the establishment the veteran Carroll businessman worked at various jobs the longest seven years as manager of the local creamery and ice plant. The Carroll Cream- cry now occupies the west half of this building, while Montgomery Ward's warchouseis in the east section. Originally Witte came to Carroll county from Nebraska when he was 27 years old. "My brother and I made tho trip in a single seat buggy, ^ with two mules pulling it," lie ^ recalled. "It took us. four days, and we carried all our belongings on the tail gate. I certainly couldn't travel like that now!" After visiting his brother near Willey for some time, Witte went to work for John Kerper on a farm. At that time farm workers received only $25 per month—a figure that would make a young man of today blink. * * * Building in Carroll was booming in 1914. Shortly before Wittc opened the newsstand, work had begun on the St. Anthony hospital in 1906 and St. Angela academy somewhat later. However, construction wasn't confined to these two large buildings; homes and business houses were sprouting up all over town. The population was about 4,500 at that time. A thriving business was enjoyed by saloons. They were centered around the south side of Fourth street, on the property where the Great Western railroad is now," Witte recalled. "Before the Great Western came through, that entire side of the street was built up. There were 32 saloons on both sides of the street, and in an area extending back of Nockels' store west to the roller A mills. y "That, incidentally, Is the reason there was a short alley on the spot where my newsstand is now. A local ordinance prohibited operating saloons on Fifth street—a fact Witte See Page 7 By Joseph C. Goodwin TEHRAN, IRAN (.!>)The Iranian government an nounced agreement with Sov iet Russia today on withdraw al of Russian troops, oil and Azerbaijan. Prince Firouz, minister of propaganda, told a news conference that, as a result of negotiations here and at Moscow, "all outstanding questions between the two coun- trlos have heen settled on a basis of complete reciprocity and good will." No formal treaty has been signed, Firouz said, but the cabinet met until 1 a. m. today and "gave unanimous approval" to an official communique outlining the basis of tho settlement, reached yesterday. This communique was formally signed at 3:30 a. m. by Premier Ahmed Qavam and Ambassador I. V. Sadchikov of Rus sia, lie said. The communique said "complete agreement was reached on all questions" and provided: 1. Red army troops to evacuate Iranian territory within one and a half months from March 24. 2. Formation of a joint Iranian-Soviet oil company, exact terms to be submitted to parliament within seven months after March 24. 8. The Azerbaijan problem to bo recognized as a "purely internal affair" of Iran's. (The Moscow radio broadcast the communique, and announced "full agreement on all questions." The broadcast was heard in London by the Associated Press). Concerning oil, Firouz said that "only an agreement in principle has been reached and details will be worked out later—subject to the approval of parliament, of course." * * * He was asked if oil discussions were not illegal in view of Iranian law that such negotiations can not be carried on while foreign troops are on Iranian soil. Firouz said the law specified oil concessions, whereas the proposal concerns "the organization of an oil company jointly financed by Persian and Russian capital." No details of the percentage control have been worked out, he said. The agreement was the result of negotiations which Qavam began on his recent visit to Moscow and which Iranian Propaganda Minister Prince Mozaffar Firouz nald yesterday were continuing in Tehran. Firouz emphasized that the negotiations were entirely Independent of the question of the withdrawal of Russian military forces from Iranian soil, which he said was proceeding satisfactorily. Under the Iranian constitution the government was forbidden to take up the matter of oil concessions with Russia as long as her troops remained in Iran. WASHINGTON, D. C. (/!») —The house banking committee today approved a year's extension of price control, as recommended by President Truman. It defeated 13 to 9 a republican effort to limit OPA's new lease on life to nine months. However, the committee aimed a blow at OPA pricing policy, voting 15 to 6 to prohibit the agency from requiring retailers for a period of six months to absorb larger cost of manufactured products, such as automobiles, refrigerators and radios. Moreover, the group by a 15 to ballot, approved—subject to house and senate action—a gradual termination of the government's $2,000,000,000 annual subsidy program. The latter amendment would require the government to reduce subsidy payments by 25 per cent over the year beginning July 1 and get out of the subsidy business by June 30, 1947. The subsidies include payments hold down food costs. A proposal by Representa tlve Wolcott (R-Mlch.) Reds Propose New Policies For Japanese to to give manufacturers prices reflecting reduction cost and a reasonable profit on each Item, vvaw defeated on a 11 to 11 tie vote. The committee approved, however, an amendment by Representative Barry (D-N.Y.) establishing a policy that OPA should allow upward price adjustments for transient hotels—making a distinction between a transient and an apartment or residential hotel. No percentage of increase was specified. The proposal to hold the pricing agency's new life span to nine months beyond June 30 also was offered by Wolcott, senior republican on the committee. Its defeat left the proposed OPA termination date at June 30, 1947. Representative Cra \v f o r d (R-Mich.) offered the amendment to alter OPA 's retail cost absorption policy. It stipulates that OPA cannot interfere for a period of six months with normal retail percentage mark-ups, on items where government restrictions during wartime forced a 75 per cent or more reduction in production rates. Automobile dealers especially have protested OPA orders reducing their normal percentage mark-ups. Truman To Urge Strong Armed Force Fraternization No Problem For Yank Forces In Korea By Morris Landsbcrg ever, show no compunction in en- SEOUL. KOREA (TP)—Frator- tertaining Americans. But the nization is not among the prob- average soldier can't afford tho By Ernest B. Vaccaro WASHINGTON, D. C. i/V) — President Truman today drafted a firm Army day warning to his country to maintain powerful armed forces during the critical experimental years of the United Nations. The chief executive leaves at 3 :25 p. m. (CST) for Chicago where, in Soldier field, he will deliver a 20-minute address re-eunclating United States foreign policy and his recipe for backing it up. The address, following talks by Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson and General Dwight D. Eisenhower, chief of staff, is scheduled for delivery at 3 p. m. (CST) tomorrow. A large group of notables, including members of the cabinet, will accompany Mr. and Mrs. Truman and their daughter, Margaret, aboard the special Pennsylvania railroad train. 41 * * In an unusual departure from presidential custom, Mr. Truman will hold a special news conference in Chicago's Blackstone hotel tomorrow morning for about 100 writers for high school and college papers in the Chicago area. Mr. Truman's address, described by his aides as a major policy pronouncement, is expected to embrace new pleas for: 1. Extension of the selective service authority to draft men for the armed forces. 2. Passage of legislation to arm the administration with authority to draft the nation's youth for one year of military training to provide a reserve of trained citizens against future emergencies. 3. Early enactment of army-navy merger legislation to create a single department of national defense in which the air forces would have equal status. The speech is regarded by presidential associates as a follow up to his October 27 Navy day ad- dress in New York in which he outlined a 12-point American foreign policy and declared that the United States will use its military strength solely to preserve the peace of the world. Army public relations said aircraft participating in the army •lay aerial review tomorrow would fly over at about 1,500 feet and salute midwest cities en route from Chicago to their bases. Twenty-eight B-29 Superfor­ tresses in combat bombing formation, will salute Madison, Wis., Iowa City and Des Moines, la., en route to Grand Island, Neb. Battle For Iranian Oil Is On in Earnest lems of American occupation authorities in Korea. Girls turn their faces, or run away, at sight of the Yank "giants with big noses." With more than six months to have established themselves, it would appear that American soldiers have flopped socially. But that's not the case; they haven't a chance. Koreans, who place a high value on chastity, say tho girls are shy because of childhood training. Americans say the maidens are inhibited. You NEVER see a GI and a Korean girl walking along a street arm in arm, You seldom see them together. The few girls who make a date with an American insist on meeting in a secluded place. Kaesong (geisha) girls, hoiv- lavish sums it costs to be enter tained professionally and not many officers can for long. The redllght district Is closely patrolled ny military police. A recent examination of 283 kaesong girls showed that nearly all had a venereal disease. Prospective brides fear they would ruin their matrimonial chances if seen with an Amori can. A number of women have been beaten by jealous Korean males because they consorted with Yanks. One young corporal summed up American reaction thus: * * * "It boats mo. We burn up Japan (with fire bomb raids) and their women are as sweet as can be to us. We liberate the Koreans and their women won't have anything to do with us." The Weather .58 .46 By John F. Chester NEW YORK CITY, N. Y. t/P) — The battle for Iranian oil was on in earnest today, with Soviet Russia all but guaranteed an initial foothold in the backdoor to the fabulously rich Middle East petroleum fields now dominated by British and American interests. Premier Ahmed Qavam's signature of an agreement to present a Soviet oil concession plan to the Iranian parliament confirmed earlier reports from informed oil officials here that such a move was probable. It was learned almost simultaneously that agents for at least one American company are now at work at least informally in Iran. Seeking a concession which, if granted, would buttress British holdings along the Persian gulf. * * * Under Iranian law no concessions can be negiotiated while foreign troops are still on her soil. Oil men here took it for granted, however, that Premier Qavam would not have signed the agreement he did unless plans for the Soviet concession were pretty well understood. Similarly, there would be nothing to preclude informal conversations by other oil seekers. The big question in the minds of interested petroleum men here Is how far south the Soviet concession would run. Russian Interest In a Persian gulf port has long heen an open secret. Such a grant, however, would cross territory coveted by both British and American concerns. At least two American com Suggest Changes as Mac Arthur Opens 4-Power Allied Council TOKYO, JAPAN (.[•) — General MacArthur launched the four-power Allied council for Japan today, notifying it that its function would be to advise him, while he retains unchallenged command. The council promptly gave him four pieces of advice, all offered by Russia whose delegate warned of "increasing activity of reactionary forces" among Japanese. Lieutenant General K u z m a Derevyanko, Soviet representative, spoke up as soon as MacArthur's opening address—a stirring plea for all nations to renounce their right to wage war—was finished. Derevyanko proposed: Excluding the press; cxam- ing MacArthur's decrees seven days and imperial rescripts 10 days In advance of their Issuance to Japanese; internationalizing the council secretariat (United States Brigadier General Bonner F. Fellers now Is secretary-general); and holding new Japanese elections If next Wednesday's balloting elects "unsuitable" diet members. MacArthur in his speech said it was advisable that all council meetings be open to public and press, to avoid any suspicion of "secret devices, undertakings or commitments." * * + At the suggestion of British Commonwealth Representative W. McMahon Ball, Russia withdrew her request to bar the press from all meetings, and the council agreed to admit newsmen to "major meetings." They will be barred from "unofficial meetings" whenever the council sees fit. The council's next session, formally scheduled for April 17, presumably will be classified as major. Among other business, Russia's proposal to internationalize the council secretariat will be discussed at that time. The Soviet delegate's suggestions that a second election be considered and that council members be given advance knowledge of Allied and imperial derrees will be brought to General MacArthur's attention, Major General William F. Marquat, MacArthur's deputy on the council, informed Derevyanko. * * * The conference room across from Emperor Hirohito's palace glared with photographer's floodlights as MacArthur made his plea for peace. I The United Nations must surely fail, he said, unless nations renounce their sovereign right to wage war; and the U. N. international police force will be "at best but a temporary expedient." The alternative: A "totally destructive war." Outlining Allied occupation policies, MacArthur reported that "the purposes of the occupation are now well advanced." He termed criticism of occupation policies "ill-conceived," and added the critics include "some who, opposed to the guiding principals adopted at Potsdam. HOOVER SEES POLAND'S CHILDREN ... On his visit to Warsaw in the study of the world food situation, former President Herbert Hoover smiles as a boy, right, stands to answer a question put to him by an interpreter. The scene is the collection center for homeless Polish children found wandering Warsaw's streets. (NEA Telephoto). Author Considers Wage Bill Is 'Completely Dead' WASHINGTON, D. C. (^P) — The author of the administration's minimum industrial wage bill abandoned it for dead today because the senate insisted on expanding it to hike the income of farmers too. "I consider the hill completely dead," Senator Pepper (D -Fla) told reporters before leaving tlie capital on a speaking trip. Pepper is the principal author and floor manager for the lcgisla on the Russell amendment was "a clear-cut expression of the majority of the senate." He added, however, that in his opinion the bill as amended is "a worse bill than the present law." "Obviously," ho said, it would bo an affront to the workers who might be affected to add a few cents to their wages and take more away from them in higher living costs." Pepper interpreted the result in Dig Up Hoard Buried 9 Feet Deep In Yard Dying Employe at Jacksonville, Fla., Admitted Theft 2 Years Ago . WASHINGTON, D. C. (/P) —The post office department announced today that three inspectors working on a postal theft case had unearthed $153,150 buried nine feet deep in a yard in Jacksonville, Fla. The department said the < money was part of-$180,000 „ stolen by a former post office « employe, who the department said confessed before he died ',. August 10, 1044. It said the case Involved the biggest money theft in postal history. Chief Inspector James J. Doran, asserting that discovery of the $153,150 solved the case, related that three inspectors who had been ordered to retrace every atep in the two-year hunt for the missing money found it in two tin cans and two glass jars, sealed with parafin and enclosed in two lengths of stove pipe. Doran said that the late , Joseph D. Marshall, who died 18 months ago "was a clerk in the registry section of the West Bay annex of the Jacksonville post office when a iederal reserve bank shipment came into his hands. The post office department said:"He substituted for it a letter which he had already prepared to an innocent party and gave that letter the same number as the money shipment bore. The recipient kept the letter and the subsequent identification of Marshall's handwriting fastened the crime on him." tion which the senate twice modi- P»>"t *s "a vote against the admin- fied in the face of a veto threat by istration's wage-price policy which voting an amendment designed to h as resulted in some increases in raise farm prices. : wages." The amendment was written in! 46 to 38 last night. The action J3 I J , clinched an earlier test vote on the 1^00X0, I J@XS same proposal last Friday, when the count was 43 to 31. All ad- i/^f** ftVY/"^ F> ministration efforts to gain a re- , V^C/I III %JL\~L I \JT versal failed in the face of a well- 1 . w-v s organized coalition which included t JOrtYIYl 0 IJYCIITX southern democrats, republicans and some westerners of both parties. The farm amendment, ram ro'J- ded by Senator Russell (D-Ga), would revise the farm parity formula to include the cost of farm labor, taking in the farmer and his family as well as hired hands. Stabilization Administrator Chester Bowles had declared repeatedly it would raise tho nation's food bill by more than $4,000,000,000 a year And President Truman has sent word to the senate he would bo "compelled" to veto the bill if it came to the White House bearing the amendment. As the measure now stands, awaiting the final senate vote which would send it to the house, the present minimum wage of 40 cents an hour for workers covered by the federal wage-hour law would be boosted to 60 cents. * * * Pepper and his group originally A contract for clearing drain No. 9-13 was let yesterday when the supervisors from Carroll and Greene counties met at the courthouse, the county engineer's office reported. Most of the drain Is in Carroll county, and extends into Greene for about two miles. The contract, which was awarded the Nielsen Brothers of Onawa, calls for grubbing out trees along the bank and clearing the bottom of tho ditch. Cost of the project will be about $7,400, and will be paid for by special assessment. The contract calls for work to start not later than June 1 and to be completed not later than September I. About 40 property owners are served by the drain, which is one of the smaller ones in the county. Plans also call for a 1,000 foot extension at the Greene county end where it drains into Willow Creek. had proposed an immediate in- BREAK RELATIONS crease to 65 cents and on up to 75 , * within four years. But the Florida 1 NEW YORK CITY, N. Y. — The senator agreed to the compromise | British radio, as heard by NBC, when it became evident he could I said today that Romania had an- not get a higher figure. nounced she was breaking liploma- Pepper conceded that the vote ! tic relations with Spain The Weather in Carrqll Yesterday's high J At 1 a. m. today .....................• | panies-Sinclair and Standard of At 10:30 a. m. today - °'INCW Jersey —have been actively interested in concessions there in 'Take It Along,' Common Remark As Reds Seize More Plants in Eastern Reich The Forecast Increasing cloudiness this afternoon and tonight followed by showers Saturday, beginning in west and extreme south portions tonight. Warmer this afternoon and tonight, continued mild Saturday. Weather A Year Ago It was clear a year ago today. The low] temperature was 35 and high, 58. recent years. Presumably their interest has not cooled. The British government, already entrenched in the only fields now producing in Iran, will want to protect if not expand its holdings. Neither British nor American Interests have ever made strong passes at the northern Iranian area, largely because of the diffi- 1 culty of getting its oil out to points I of sale, By Louis I*. Lordlier BERLIN, GERMANY (/!>)--The Russians are feverishly at work taking additional factories out of their zone of occupation. The German zonal administration for industry estimates that between 160 and 172 plants are being dismantled these days. Farbenfahrlk Wolfen in Saxony furlshod color film to tho Russian occupation authorities with which a production of tho Moscow victory parado was made. The pictures turned out well and the Russians promptly ordered tho German factory dismantled and taken to Soviet land. At Neukaliss, Mecklenburg, there is a paper factory which turns out an especially high grade, heavy paper for diplomas, honor lories in the Russian occupation scrolls, etc. zone are being carted off to the "Take it along," wore die cast, despite an order from Major Soviet instructions to tho lo- General Dubrowski, military gov- cnl commander. ernor for Saxony, that paper pro- The owner of the factory, who duction in the area be stepped up Believe Precedent Set On Status Of Iowa Party Walls CRESTON, IA. (&)— The petition of Thomas L. Dougherty to restrain John Brldgeman from dismantling one-half of a building owned jointly at Cromwell, la., was dismissed after a hearing before District Judge T. W. Miles today. Dougherty had contended that the wrecking of the Brldgeman half of the building would weaken the structure and make it impossible to heat the remaining half. Brldgeman, however, argued that the wall dividing the property was a party wall that it was his right to dispose of his half of the building as he saw fit. Bridgeman had started wrecking his part of the building In August 1945. The following month Dougherty obtained a temporary injunction preventing Bridgoman from proceeding with the job. The building is on Cromwell 's main street and was erected in 1905. Dougherty had purchased his half In 1917. It had been rented to a grocery store and for the Cromwell post office. The other half, formerly owned by the I. O. O. F. lodge, was offered to Dougherty for $100 but he rejected the offer and Bridgeman bought that half for $200. .'. The ruling was believed to es-' tablish a precedent as regards the status of such party walla under Iowa law. An appeal may be taken. was also mayor, did some fast thinking. "My plant is outmoded," he said. "Supposing I go to Leningrad and have a modern, up-to-date plant erected for you." The Russian commander reported to his superiors. "Take him along, too," wus the laconic reply. "We'll see about a new plant later." The Horch automobile works in Saxony, makers of high-grade cars, are being crated for shipment to the Soviet union. Sixteen of the largest paper fac- * * * By May 15, so an order runs, virtually half of the gigantic Leuna works near Merseburg, Germany's greatest nitrogen factory, is to be on its way to Russia. Experts claim it will take two years to dismantle completely so gigantic a complex. Insofar ns the Russian have explained tills new demand for i factories, they claim that they cannot wait longer for agreement with the western powers concerning. the IS per cent of usable hid us trial equipment from the western occupied zones of Germany as guaranteed them under tho Pot*dam agreement. The western powers apparently differ with the Russians as to what is to be considered "necessary for tho German peace economy" and therefore do not want to yield certain plants demanded < by tho Soviets. *. Another reason is said to be the pending appointment of a quadripartite commission of experts to make a careful check of Industry, with a view to determining what reparations can be expected from! defeated Germany. Removal ~* these plants now means that inter-Allied commission cannot elude them in later rtparai plans. . , Vi,

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