The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 10, 1950 · Page 81
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 81

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, October 10, 1950
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Page 81
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SECTION D— PAGE EIGHTEEN BI.YTHEVILI.E (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Gins Replaced Saw Mills in Shift from : Lumber to Cotton : : Transformation of Mississippi County from a lumber ';' economy to a cotton economy near the turn of the century • brought with it another, transformation—a change from i »aw mills to cotton gins. ; ' Pioneer families In [his county* • -— • —— 1 dealt In timber, and places such as ' ' i{ !,' Blylheville. t.eachville, Manila and ', mrny others that are cotton cen- r ' teis today were at one time'merely I lumber camps. •'• But as the ax began to take Us •j toil and timber disappeared from ; this area, people were forced to :j put the cleared lands to some nse, :| and change (heir means of llvell: j hood. The answer was cotlon. ,f And as cotton raising gradually ji took the place of timber cutting j! n«w processing facilities" were need- Li ed. It was then the cotton gin p'jt ',' in its appearance. •' .'; Records do not, reveal when the .'.first gin. was built in Mississippi rj County, but by 1907 Blythcville, <\ which later became the cotton cen- :j ter of the area, had only three in J operation. '.\ These three early pins were the !j Phoenix Cotton Oil Company Gin ij at the site of the present R. D. • j Hughes Gin, the Farmers Union ;! Gin' at the site of the old Stern- fj berg Gin, and Bertig Gin Co.. on ij South Se-ind Street. 1 Fourth Gin Idle - A fourth gin. and probably Blytheville's first, was standing Idle In 1907. This was the Roberts Cotlon Oil Comnany Gin managed at the time by W. B. Williims. In 1907, no gins existed In the Immediate area surrounding Blytheville. There were none between Blytheville and Holland, Mo,, on the north; Manila on the west and Ll'.xora on the south. That yesr. 30 to 35000 bales were ginned in Mississippi County. By' 1911. Blytheville had be»un la gain importance as a collon market, and that same year the first gin n-p-it no li? Del!. Building of gins throughout the county was halted momentarily by » collapse in the cntton market'in j! 1914 caused by the first World War, i; but near the end of the war Ihere j| Was a great demand for cotton ji throughout the world. Prices did ,J an about-face and started to climb. |. During the days of SO-cent cotton jj;Just after the war. more gins ap- ii peared In Mississippi County, but •• ;this building period was hal'ted In i ; 1920 when the bottom fell but of '-•, the cotton market, and many who ;', had figured that war prices would i? «tay were ruined. :•'.- By 1836. more than two per cent j; of the nation's cotton was marketed [ hi Blytheville, and th« Mississippi County area was dotted with gins. County Ha. M Gins For the past ten years, this coun- T ty has grown and ginned more cot- i; .ton than any other county In the {: United States. l[. Today there are about 80 gins in i :the county—42 in the southern part j : .and 38 In the northern. If It cost* about $50.000 to build the jj amallest type gin, while some of the r, larger ones run as high BS $150,000. ij Thus using an average cost of | 175,000, the county's BO gins have J! an estimated value of $6.000000. j: And this estimate does not Include ; ; tractors, trailers and olher expen- ; «ive equipment used by gin mana- i> Bers for- auxiliary operations preparation tb ginning cotlon. j These 80 gins must, process at ; least 1,200 bales per year to meet |j.operating expenses, and most of ;i them run well over that number. i: While some of the gins can turn !| out more bales of cotton than oth- ;;• «rs, the average capacity of the ;i county's ginning syslem is about J{ 5,000 bales per.gin. Thus Mlssis- ;• nlppi County ginning facilities j. could take care of iOO.OOO bales « •) year if necessary. :: Fljure Never Reached ;: This capacity figure has never • : come close to being reached, how- j-. ever, for in the county's peaK pro;, ductlon year—194« — only 292,000 ',• bales were ginned. This was an av- i'l *rage of 3,650 bale.5 per gin. : i Last year. 269IOOO bales were gin-' -: ned—an average of some 3352 tales. >| per gin, and this year, one ol the j :; smallest production years in some ;! time, it hsj been' estimated thVt .; 185,000 bales will be ginned. 'This ;! averages about 2,311 bales per gin. I, Some of the county sins -could I; not reach the 5,030 bnle average '•. even if cotton were available, but j! many of them could more fan '! equal it, and a few nre capable of ; ! ginning two bales at the same time EARLY OFFICER — The late John T. Collins (above) was one ol the early law enforcement officers of the city and county. He served as- a city policeman in 1902. When Sheriff s.-un Mauldln was slain on Island 37 by a bootlegger July 31, 1915, Mr. Collins was appointed to fill the'murder- ed officer's unexplrecl term. At the end ol this term, Mr. Collins became a candidate for sheriff and was elected to serve two terms. This photograph Is from the collection of Mrs. Odie freeman ol Blytheville. drying equipment and the fireproofing of gins. All of this new equipment is automatic. One of the major improvements Li fireproofing. The wooden gin building has almost disappeared and is being replaced by steel and other metal. As a result of this modernixltlan program, gin. In this area have the largest investment in Improved equipment of anyplace in the United Sintes. It has been the responsibility ol the ginner to provide equipment which will eliminate the hulls, trash and dampness which has characterized Mississippi County cotton. ; How well he has done this 'can be seen In the modern, well-equipped gins In the county which today can remove many times more bolls and trash from cotton than could good gins of 25 and 30 years ago. 1923— 'Big' Bootlegger Granted Parole From the March 12, 1923 eriltion ol the Daily Blytheville Courier: The constable's office informs the Courier that one of the big still operators who had the biggest still ever captured in this county, was recently released from the penitentiary, recently sent there, and Is b.^ck home. Such travesties on Justice ns this is what encourages law violators to act. with impunity. Why should they fear !he law. when there is such a woeful disregard for the enforcement of the law by our governor and lawmakers .who conceived the lenient parole system. 7925— Strangers Fined For Using Aliases From the June 15, 1925, edition of the Blythcville Daily Courier: Two strangers to this city, a ma:i and a woman, were brought to po- Kanners of Mississippi County j !lce court thLs morning charsccl '"" ' ' ' with registering at » local hotel under nn assumed name. They xvcre 'ined $50 and costs In each caso. A fine of (10 nnd costs uvi.s 1m- ! posed upon ' a nir.n for trading ' horses without n trader's license, while the usual fine for violating, the speeding law was paid by sev- fral offenders. Judge Barham gave good advice and sound lectures to each of the law • violators, telling each of f ,he dangerous outcome that might be expected to follow It their actions were nol changed for the belter. ;f often have been known for their .! lack of care In picking their cotlon. ;' and cotton men say the ye-us have ••', brought little Improvement In this : , respect. ;. Careless picking of cotton, was •; especially prevalent during the war ' years and some itill exists today. . i This condition was brought about • by the scarcity of labor and a' len- .< dency by the cotton grower to be ,'. less strict with his pickers hr re-. J-cent years. Careless itinerant plck- * ; ers also have been responsible • to •V»ome extent. ' :" : '.j The boll extractors, cleaners; ;. driers and other conditioning equip- i:mcnt with which county gins ;jire ••; provided have made a big contribu- ^tlon lo maintaining the grap\e of ,:{cotton sold In this area today.' * v> j Mississippi County ginners have !jkept pace with any tendency by (the growers to bring in dirtier col- :-:ton by obtaining the newest equip- tj rnent available. ;{ They have been aided,, In their ', efforts by the high price of cptt'jr, ,i which has prevailed Ihe last few :\ rears and a natural desire Jor bet- f !jtcr equipment. ., .V v. j, ' (51ns Impnrrd ,: ?V)ur phases of this 1 gin Improre- ;irncnt program Include.^ purchasing 'ol modern cleaning, pressing and Piaster at Class Foot ., BERLIN (AP) — Students al Schoeilebeck, In Ihe Russian »one, eagerly went lo work In the vacated building of a small chmical f?c- tory during their vacation to refit It as their new vocational school house. As building materials were short, they were happy to find several bags of lime in the basement and plastered the walls and ceilings with It. Then they drove a couple of nails Into the wall, but the next morning found them on the floor. The "lime" was' foot powder—a former product of the factory, | TUESDAY. OCTOBER I'D, HUD/CN... Famous For 8 - Hour Dry Cleaning Service HLEXfCN... Famous For Gabardine Suits For '20°° 1925-50 Owned and operated by A. 0. Hudson, Hudson Cleaners has served Blytheville for 25 years ... a record of service which establishes Hudson's as one of Blythevilles oldest business concerns. Hudson Leads The Field In Mens Clothing! Hudson Cleaners was established in 1925at303 West Ma in Street. Aftersev- eral years in this location, the business was moved to its present location at 320 West Main. Hudson's is considered one of Blytheville's pioneer firms. Owner A 0 Hud 5° n h° s P^udly watched the growth of this firm parallel that of the city of blytheville. The business was first established as a dry cleaning plant exclusively, but since then a complete men's apparel shop has been added. Hudson introduced 8-hour dry cleaning service to Blytheville and various cleaning formulas that have made Hudson's an institution in the Northeast Arkansas-Southeast Missouri territory. In the retail field, Hudson established new sales records only last year with the introduction of quality men's suits retailing for $20. Their sales record of more tnan 1,500 men's suits within a four-months period is realized as the biggest such promotion in the history of Blytheville. Hudson's growth • has been almost identical with the growth of Blytheville... and Hudson's has played a large part in making Blytheville a great shopping center. HUDSON CLEANER - CLOTHIER - TAILOR Blytheville, Arkansas Steele, Missouri A. 0. HUDSON, Owner

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