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fECTION D— PAGE TEN Newspaper Business Born Here More Than Half a Century Ago --. - _ J c? BLYTHEVn.LE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Papc First Blytheviile Published October 29, 1898 The newspaper business Rot Its start In Blytheviile 52 years ago this month. It was on Saturday, Oct. 29. 1898, thai the first newspaper was published here. That was only seven years afler Blytheviile received Its charter ns an Incorporated to\vn. Population of the city at that lime was less than 300, and Herns In Blythevllle's first newspaper reflected the "ovcr-the-back-fence" style in which the news was communicated before daily newspapers nude tnelr appearance. Billed by Will S. Davis. Blytheville's first paper was colled The Plain Dealer. It was a four-pa°e weekly paper, with five columns per page, and was printed on pink pa- P-T. It is doubtful that any copies of this first edition remain in existence. However, a copy of the Nov. 6. 1919, Blytheviile Herald-News m-w owned by Mrs. Odie Freeman gives an (might Into file content of The Plain Dealer. Old News Items Reviewed The editor of the Herald-News wrote a front-page story on this first edition of the Plain Dealer ii which he reprinted sonic of th items in It. Here are some of them "On Friday of last week a discussion arose in our streets which attracted « great dca! of ntlen- tion. and drew a crowd in front of Winer's store. The question put before the house w;as this: 'Was Dick Webb a free delivery boy or not?' After several good arguments on both sides, it was at last decided that he was." "Wanted — A wife, by C. A. Rtchlrds. For further information, apply to Winer's store, office hours from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. Careful attention paid to nil applicants." 'Dec Scarboro of Barfield, spent last Sunday in this city." "A liberal reward will be paid for the arrest and conviction of the party or parties, that circulated the report here last week that raccoon tracks had been seen on Lake Street of om 1 city." "The Blytheviile School opened last Monday under Prof. G. W. Johnson, principal, and Miss Katie Richards (later Mrs. E. A. Hale), assistant. The advantages In all studies shall be superior." "Mr. 3. 3. Thompson and his iccomplisherl daughters were shopping In the city Monday. Mr. Thompson brought in six wild turkeys and the report got out here that he killed them all at one shot." Hlsfory Is Spnlly (Mrs. Odle Freeman. 137 East Ash, U one of the late J. J. Thompson's daughters. She recalls her father killing the six wild turkeys »nth one shot.) The history of newspaper publishing In Blytheviile irom Hie advent of The Plain Denier" to establishment of the daily Courier News in 1923 is spotty. . Blythevllle's second newspaper building which house.- the Courier News. When Mr. and Mrs. I'.arris purchased the newspaper in 1025. it was housed in a two-story brick building that formerly had been the F. A. Greenlee home- This structure wiw> located at Railimrl and Walnut Slrets, where the Courier News building now stands, arid had been built sometime before 1912. Old KuiMIng Remodeled In about 1926, the Harrises remodeled the red brick structure, adding a two-story wing on the west side and tall, colonial columns on the front. The press was located in the new wing but the composing roo:n, where the typo is set and p:lges made up. remained on the second floor. When completed pages were "locked up" in steel forms, they were lowered to the press room by means of a dumbwaiter. The Courier News continued to operate In this building until 1941, when Ihc old .structure was rnzcd and the present building constructed. During razing of the old building and construction of the new one. the paper continued In be printed without missing a n edition despite the work going on around it. As soon as workmen would tear (town one portion of the old btiiM- and erect a part of the new- one, editorial nnd business departments would shift locations. The new building was finished in September. 1041. Earlier, In July, n new Duplex flat-bed wns installed. Use of the new press gave the Courier News pages an extra Inch n length nnd improved its typographical appearance. The new iress also Increased the speed of printing the paper BS It had a capacity of 3.™ papers per hour compared to 2,500 per hour for the old ness. Expansion Fonows War The Courier News' post-war expansion exceeded Its growth during my other period of its existence. In the fall of 1016, a fourlh !ino- ype was installed to meet ln:rc?.s- d typesetting needs. A year later, a S75.000 moricrn- , . - ization program got underway. One IJ tllolllc a CCh-UIIU lie WSpailL'l [ "*>Ll.J,. IIIM^ICllll £\_IV mlULIU.lJ, \JIIC the weekly Herald. It was es- . of the major aspects of this pro- ished in February, 1900, with gram was installation of a 20-pa2e tabltshed ,. ..__ H. C. Lawhorn as editor and owner. Mr. Lawhom was succeeded as editor in 1908 by S. E. Vail. A year after the Herald began publication, % third weekly newspaper .the Courier, wns established by Del Longrenr. hU was succeeded by Henderson C. Hall and later by L. M. Ross. First daily newspaper In Blytheville was established 41 years ago. It was the Blytheviile News, edited and published by Frank J Eastin nnd Ben C. Eastin. Both the Herald and the Courier continued operations as weeklies at this time. Duplex tubular press to replace the old eight-page flatbed press in use then. This M-ton press is capable of printing 20 paces in a single run at a rate of 20.000 papers an hour. Another 15,000 pounds ot auxiliary equipment were installed to augment the new pre.=s and to siep up production In other ways. One of these pieces of equipment was a Ludlow line-caster. This machine automatically casts a variety of headlines from a minimum number of matrices — the little bii'ss molds in which Hie type metal erations as weeklies at this lime. molds in whicn the type metal The, News lasted only two years! forms the letters. Many new type snd in ,1912 the Kerald purchased 1 styles were introduced in Courier this paper. The Herald absorbed the f News headlines and advertisements News and continued pubUMring <. with the UEC ot this machine. An•weekly as the Herald-News. i other advantage is lhr\l the prittt- ing remains cle and sharp since mrier still was being pub- ! the cast type metal letters KM used i j J the city had two weeklies only once .wheress handset type '. \ I. L. M. Hoss. then owr.cr \ wears from continual use. j I Becomes Dally In The Con lished and — j -.,„ . until 1923. L. M. Ross, then owner \ wears from continual use. of the Courier, purchased the Her- ' Strip-raster Adilod aid-News that year. He consolidated i Also added to the composing room it with the Courier and launched ; equipment at this time was an Elthe Courier News as a daily paper, i rod .strip-casting machine. This The first edition of the daily \ mar-hine automatically casts strips [ Courier New.s was publisned Mnr. ] of type metal used as base material 12, 1923. O. C. Morgan followed Mr.] 'or picluies and ad ilhlstratioils It! Ross as editor. j also forms the column rules tliat In 1925, !ifr. and Mrs. Edgar G.; separate the columns of type and Harris became the next owners uf i "leads'" and "slugs" (thin pieces of the Courier News. Three years lat- metal of varying column widths) er, they sold the newspaper to Har- E thai, are used to space type when it ry W. Haines. the present publisher,' 's P»t into page forms. The El rod and C. R. Babcock. Mr. Haines j speeds production of the newspaper served as businets manager and by providing a ready supply of this Mr. Babcock was editor. . materi:'! .which is tiscd in large The first edition of the Courier Quantities. News published by Mr. Raines and Shortly after the new press and Mr. Babcock came out Sept. 1, the auxiliary equipment necessary 1928. | to its operation were installed, a Mr. Kaines acquired Mr, Bib- i tifln linotype was added. Other cock's Interest in the newspaper in 1 ncw equipment installed in 1937 and became publisher. composing room in the past two K«ps Pace With City \ vca rs Include Since Sept. 1, 1928, the Courier [ I™*" miter News' growth has kept pace with, the development of the City of Bly- theviile. U has expanded physically and mechinically. and pr-r.sonnel has been added steadily to the newspaper's six department. 1 -—editorial, advertising, mechanic.!!, business, circulation and photographic, The editorial staff, which was the in the past two power saws. Uor cutting metal border strips at angles so they join properly and produce a neater appearance), a router which removes excess metal from castings so it doesn't print where white space should appear) and a page-size flat-caster to replace the one outmoded by the change-over press operations. convpriscd'of YromTwo'toThYee pj-'r- ,J" »'' <-'™«1atlon department. ., _..._,. ....... . .' j new addrosMicraph was added [o sons much of ihc time since 1928. has grown to six. Including three members of the editorial stiff who double a* such, there arc a total o! «lx photographers. Ths advertising !,taff, which In s,:ccd distribution 'of 'ihe mail "editions of the courier News. Engraver Inslallrtl One o; the most Important additions to the production equipment of the newspaper the past usually consisted of one' tjon e.irly last fall 'of man, now has grown to a three-man i engraver. operation. ; f| lis instrument miv also ha* been reflected In 1 phlo reproductions toy the tnstalla- Falrchlld s p'icn-- means of red hot stylus which, Jabbing jiousands of times a minute, c-n- lavcs dots of varying sizes on thin •ieccs of flexible plastic. Impulses that operate this stylus ire picked up from a photographic ,;rint by an electric eye which scans ilic print as U revolves on a drum. I'he plastic, attached to another drum revolving at the same speed, moves under the electrlcallv-hcated stylus. The dots It "carves" on the plastic vary In size with the intensity of black, white and middle tones as picked up by the el- ectri ic eye scanner The plastic is then taped directly to the circular page casting before it is placed on the press. Use of the Falrchlld pictures taken as . __ appear in that day's paper. Engravings can be made In from 10 to 30 minutes, depending on their engraver permits as noon to size. There are at present a total of 32 persons employed by the Courier News' six departments. Payroll Shows Growth Indicative of the growth, of the newspaper since Mr. Haines became TUESDAY. OCTOBER 10, ig 50 publisher are the comparative figures showing the annual payroll M It was In 1929 and as It is today. * In 1929, (he Courier News' payroll —for all departments—totaled $25,592. Even at the height of the depression — In 1933 — the annual payroll dropped no lower than $19,617. This year's payroll will be nearly four limes that of the 1929 payroll. It is estimated that by the end of this year, the payroll will be in excess of »10fl,000. This Is an Increase cf about $25,000 in the past three years. Newsprint figures also reflect the growth of the newspaper. In the depression year of 1933, the cost of newsprint to publish the Courier News was $2,771, Thus far this year. Including paper on han dbut not yet used, the cost of newsprint has risen to $23,087—not quite 10 times the 1933 figure. (Printing of tills Mid-Century Edition consumed a normal week's supply of newsprint.) Circulation of the Courier News has Increased from 2,760 in 1928 to more than 1.000 today, in 'additon to the deliveries In Blythevllle by carrier boys, the courier News maintains motor route and carrier delivery of the paper to subscribers In Dell, Manila, Lcachville, Lu.vora, Burdette, Osceola and Wilson in Arkansas and in Steele, Cooler, Holland, Caruthcrsville. Arbyrd. Senath. Hayti. portageville and Kcnnett in Missouri. Served by AP and NE.A Shortly alter the Courier News switched from United press to As "HIG SAL!'."—Fisher Bros. Racket Store was having a "Big Money Raising Sale" when this picture was taken about 1900. The store was located on what is now the southwest corner of the intersection of First and Main streets. Standing in front of the store are tleft to right) Hal Freeman, Ira Hickman, J. H. Fisher and K. A. Fisher. The horse-drawn vehicle was the store's delivery wagon. Cities Running Own Auditoriums sociated Press news service last^year. a keyboard was instal- ed on one of the two AP teletypes n the newsroom. This permits :ransinission of stories originating n Blytheviile directly to the Associated Press Bureau In Little Sock Curing that portion of the :eletype schedule reserved for state news, or (t> numerous other points :n the Mid-South—extending as fa^r north as Kansas City. Mo.— "•' ?n "full-circuit" operations are in progress. In addition to its Associated Press neivs wire the courier News also receives Newspaper Enterprises Association (NBA) feature and comic strip service. The Courier News also features NEA columnists such CHICAGO -im— A new survey Luiuiimisis sucn sllows tha( at |D1st n4 cjtlcs fn lhe U.S. now own and operate munici- oal auditoriums. The stiidy. made by the Public Administration Service, also sho'ved: "With only minor exceptions, all as Peter Kdson and Brskine Johnson as well as this service's serialized fiction stories, Editorial page cartoons by NEA's Oormnn Smith, who has won national awards for his work, also are a regular feature of the Courier Mews. , News, sports and feature photo- municipal auditoriums were found graphs are received by this newspaper from both the Associated Press and NEA. The Wit Watersrand area in South Africa, now teeming ? old center, had scarcely SO inhabitants in 1886. to be operated as revenue-producing enterprises. Generally, however, they cannot be regarded as moneymakers. Of the 65 civic auditoriums supplying information on their financial position during recent, years, only 26 operated at a profit during the latest year for which figures are available." Brazil Counts Hoses RIO DE JANEIRO — I/PI-- Brazil has been counting noses and it seems that they will run close to 50,000,000. The 19bO census count ended early in July but dellnfte results will be known in a few more months. There is enough information on hand to estimate the country's population at near fifty million and to give first rank to Rio de Janeiro as the biggest city. The count for Rio is over 2.250,000. Sao Paulo grew amazingly but it is still number two with 2,2CO.OOO. Recife, in the northeastern state of Pernambnco, is third with a dash over half a million. Porto Alegre. in southern Rio Grande. Is fourth with 312.000. FROM JANUARY, 1948 THROUGH THIS YEAR HALF A MILLION DOLLARS WILL BE SPENT EXPANDING BLYTHEVILLE WATER COMPANY'S SERVICE. f That gives you some idea of the tremendous cost of expanding Blytheviile Water Co/s service to keep pace with our growing city. As a matter of fact, a great increase has already been made. In February Df 1937 there were only 20 niles of pipeline in service ... in July of this year ths figure has climbed to 50 niles. AND OVER 3 TIMES AS MUCH WATER IS USED! Yes, it costs money to give everyone good water service ... but Bl/theville Water Co. is expanding now to answer t'nat need. GROWING WITH BLYTHEVILLE "Water Is Your Cheapest Commodity" BLYTHEVILLE WATER CO.