The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 11, 1952 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, November 11, 1952
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS YOC. 3CLV1II—NO. 19S Eden Tells"" UN of ROW Principles Views Outlined In Policy Speech Before Assembly By EDWARD CURTIS UNITED NATIONS, N. -Y. (AP) — British Foreign Secretary Anthony Edtn laid down today fo uv principles for settling the deadlocked prisoner of war issue and asked Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky if he would accept them. In a broad policy speech before the U. N. Assembly, Eden turned down Vishinsky's proposal for a new commission lo end Ihe Korean War as of "no help over our present "difficulty." Vishinsky told the political committee yesterday he would "not budge" on the Communist de/nond that all prisoners be repatriated. "Mr. Vishinsky said that he believed in the unconditional repatriation of prisoners of war without screening and, to quote his words, wilhout excess." said Eden. "He did not, however, say whether in his view those who genuinely fear for their lives should be forced back at the point of the bayonet. . "I am encouraged by his lack of precision on that point. I hope therefore that he will examine my four principles and consider carefully whether 'or not they are acceptable." Eden gave his four principles for •ettling the prisoner Issue: "First: That every prisoner of war has the-righl. on the conclusion of an armistice, to be released. "Second: That every prisoner of war has the right to be speedily repatriated. "Third: That there Is a duty on the detaining side to provide facilities for such repalrialon. .. Addn»s«d Vishinsky "Fourth: That the detaining side has no right to use force in connection with the disposal of .prisoners of war. In other words, after an armistice, :a prisoner of war may. riot be i .either forcibly detained or forcibly 'repatriated." Addressing himself id Vishm^- In the Assembly Hall, Eden said: "If It proves that these four principles are in fact accepted, then it should he possible to put them in a clearly: understood resolution which wilt command agreement among all the parties. This could then be communicated to the negotiators and become the basis cfsi settlement." Secretary of State Dean Acheson listened closely as Eden spoke slowly and intently. Eden's proposal, if accepted by the Communists, would give the Korean truce negotiators at Pan- munjom a blue-printed solution of their prisoner of war dispute. The U. N. command has steadfastly refused the Communists' demand that all prisoners of war be repatriated whether or not they want to go home. Vishinsky yesterday warned the West that its insistence on this point would wreck the truce talks and protract the Korean War. The Russian enlarged an earlier resolution he had introduced to demand formation of a U.N. commission to setlle the Korean conflict, bring about that war-lorn country's unification and handle the jepalriatton of prisoners. American spokesmen repeated that they could see no good in the establishment of such a, commis- sfcn so long as the Communists remained adamant on the prisoner .See U.N. on p age 7 BlythevQta Daily Newi~ Blylheviile Herald MlillMtppl Blyth*vlll« Couriw TMI POtOMAKT mgWtfAftn. Of KOKTMAgr AMCAJfSA* AMD SOOTmCABT 1OMOUIW BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1952 TWELYE PAGES IN MEMORY OF WAR DEAD — Paul Mahon (right), past COm- inimder of Dud Cason Post of American Legion, stood by the Edgar H. Lloyd monument to the county's dead of World War u this" morning while the Rev. Harvey Kidd, pastor of First Presbyterian Church, prayed that America's citizens would not forget the nation's fallen soldiers. County offices and banks were closed in memory of cessation of World War I. (Courier News Photo) * ' * * * * ¥ It's Armistice Day —America and Friends Honor Dead of 2 Wars WASHINGTON (AP) - America and some of .her I018 allies honor their war dead today in solemn.ceremonies observing the 34th anniversary of the signing of the armistice that ended. World-.War —.but did not bring world peace. * Day Unnoticed On Korean Front Armistice a Sour Weather Arkansas Forecast — Fair and warmer this afteinoon and, Wed- Fair >nd Warmer nesday; and in northwest portion tonight; lowest temperatures in the 30's tonight;. moderate variable windi becoming westerly Wednesday. Missouri Forecast — Mostly fair and warmer tonight and Wednesday with southweslerly winds 2035 miles per hour, minimum humidity Wednesday 15-20 per cen t- low tonight 40 northwest to 32 southeast; high Wednesday 65 northwest, X southeast. Minimum this morning 33 Maximum yesterday-^56. Sunset today—4:58, Sunrise tomorrow—6:30. Precipitation 20 hours to 7 a m — .H. Total precipitation since January 1—37.27. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—445. Normal mean temperature for November—50,2. This Dale I,ast Year-. Minimum this morning—42. Maximum yesterday—68. Precipitation January 1 to thli d»t«—50.7S. By JOHN- RANDOLPH KOREAN FRONT W>>—Armistice Day .was hardly noticed at the front' To the vast majority of Americans in-Korea,.it meant as much, or as little as Memorial Day— that other national souvenir of an old war. .. Here and there some greying colonel or some aging general probably stopped a moment and remembered that wonderful day 34 years ago when war seemed to have had disappeared forever. But for the men who are fighting this war, Armistice Day—if remembered at all—was only'the occasion for a sour joke or a not-too- clever pun. • < One infantry major, a toddler of '2 n-hc-n the Germans sglned at Complegne. quipped: "All Is Quiet" "All quiet on Hie Central Front." That the day has no meaning in Korea is obvious from the age group of the Eighth Army. Not more than one-quarter of the American soldiers here had been born in 1918. But in many ways, Flanders Field and the river line of Northern France are not as far away as they might seem. Here again are. the trenches, the barbed wire, the riven trees, the mud and the rain, the scarred slopes, the battered hills and the rendezvous with death. Here is no longer the last war's slashing armored thrusts, the roaring beachheads or the majesty of 1,500 bombers. Here, the wheel has turned full circle. Here is 1918 again—it Is all the same, all but the armistice. It is Armistice Day In the United States, in France, in Canada, with its wreath laying, speeches, prayers and patriotic music. But it was hardly noticed al the Korean Front. American troops in peaceful posts about the world observed the day. In ^France,- American soldiers Joined with the French in joint services in' Orleans, Verdun and Nancy, - - •- • • enise!ve";"fo"" the principles, for which 126,000 Americans died in that firs.t world war. • OtMemnee Subdued But armistice obse'tvances were subdued there because Germans did not like to be reminded of their 1918'defeat. ' " - . • In Korea the day was. subdued for other reasons.. Not more than one fourth of the Americans fighting there were even born when the armistice was signed in 1018. Greying colonels and aging generals probably . remembered, and stopped a moment to pray. But, writes Associated Press war correspondent John Randolph, "to the vast majority'of Americans in Korea it meant as much, or as little as Memorial Day—that other national souvenir of an old war." But at home the day was observed throughout the nation with ceremonies at churches, hospitals, cemeteries and military inslalla- Harry Fritzius to Talk To Memphis Art- Group A former Blytheville High School student, Harry Fritzius, will be principal speaker at a meeting tonight of the Fellowship of the Memphis Academy of Arts. Mr. Fritzus, now In his third year at the Memphis academy, has won prizes in art competitions, at the Mid-South Fair and won first prize In the Fellowship Fine Arts exhibition. Currently he is working on a mural In the parish house of Memphis' Calvary Episcopal Church. Contract Is Awarded For District 4 Sewers Commissioners of Sewer District No. 4 yesterday awarded a contract to Pride and Usrey ConstrucUon.Co. for installation of a sewer system In Southwest Blytheville. Amount of the contract Is J2530210 The Pride an'd Usrey firm was the sole bidder, and awarding of a contract was delayed while revisions of the proposed system were made to reduce-the cost. The first two bids submitted on the earlier plans were' about £30,000. Work on the new system, which will be the first integrated sewage system In Pride and Gateway Subdivisions, probably will begin Dec. 1. Oscar Pendler, attorney for the district, said. The system is expected to take about 30 working days to Install barring bad weather and possible delays In delivery of some equipment. Cost of the system was reduced by redesigning a pumping station W. D. Co'Jb, Vho .drew plans for the system, was hsslstwl.by T T Allington. Memphis c'ftjl' engineer^ In redesigning the pumping slallon. The system ; will serre^approxl. niately 300 families. •', Originally planned more (nan two years ago, work on the system was delayed while the prospects of obtaining a new city-wide sewer system were determined. Labor, Speeding, Hunting Cases in Municipal Court Two cases of enticing labor, two of speeding and one of hunting out of season were on the docket In Municipal Curt today. In each case, bonds were forfeited. ' Forfeiting bonds of $10.25 ... charges of enticing labor were Ra- mon ,Papilla and Reynoldo Qulne- nes. ; .- -.•'..-. •-••.''• • . .-• , •• pri charges of speeding,'' Oabe Hudson forfeited $30.25 and Henry Me»dows forfeited bond of $50. for hunting out ot season, Alex Duv*u forfeited bond of Sen. Taft Urges Congress to Give Its Co-Operaf ion Ohio Republican Says Big Victory Is Sigh Voters Wanted Change CINCINNATI <m _ u. S. Sen. Robert-A. Taft thinks there should be 'complete cooperation" between President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower and Congress in developing a program/'which will have unanimous support from the Republican Party." . Sen. Taft, who slumped Ihe country In behalf of Oen. Eisenhower after having lost the GOP nomination for president, made the statement in a copyrighted analysis of the election, written for the Cincinnati Times - star's magazine .potion -The Ohio senator said he believed the tremendous A'ote in the election >st week as "a negative enthusiasm against what had been going on In Washington in the executive administration." "The fact that the campaign was won on negative issues makes It all the more important that the Republican Party should develop affirmative policies," Tart wrote. Will Clean Corruption He said Gen. Elsenhower will be m a position to "clean up corruption and communism in Washington uy the appointment of men who have a sincere interest In (hat job " On the legislallve side, Taft wrote: ., "In domestic policy, I believe al i that a comprehensive survey should he made of existing departments and bureaus with jurisdiction to go beyond the powers of the Hoover commission In recommend- ng economies and In some cases the complete elimination of federl-i al activity. • ! "At the same lime, I believe a comprehensive study should be made to determine the proper role of the federal government in glvinc assistance lo states nrvd local communities in the fields of welfare health, housing and social security "Particularly, I believe the old age pension system can be greatly improved." Cited rights In analyzing the election figures Sen. Taft pointed out although Eisenhower's victory has been called a landslide, the general polled 55.4 per cent of the major party vote while President Harding got 64 per cent in 1920, Coolldge 65 per cent In 1925, Hoover 69 per cent In 1328, Roosevelt 59 per cent In 1932 and 62 per cent in 1936. "The Democrats held on to their standard parly vote with which they had won recent elections" See TAKT on P»ge 7 SINGLE COPIES FTYK CENT* Allies Lose Sniper Ridge Crest Again; ROK Forces Increased by 55,000 Two Divisions, Six Regiments Are Activated By WTI.MAM C. BARNARD SEOUL, Korea (AP)—-Gen. James A. Van Fleet today said 55,000 troops were added to the South Korean Army three days ago and soon will be ready for combat. The Eighth Army commander made the disclosure at a news conference ns savage fighting erupted In all three sectors of the rain-lashed 155-mile battlefront this Armistice Day. Van Fleet said two New Republic of Korea divisions of 14 000 men each, the 12(h and 15(h. and six independent regimenls were activated Nov. 8. The Increase, he said, should enable the ROKs to take over more of the fighting front, though he has no particular assignment for them in mind. ROKs man most of the front now. Van Fleet, said he did not. know whether the new ROK divisions would enable some American divisions now on the line to be pulled back into reserve. The handsome, greying 80-year- old commander said: "The enemy has the capability, as he' has for some time, but I do-not believe he will launch major offensive." To Train Army Why did the Communist command launch the sharp and bloody attacks against Allied positions the past three weeks? "I should think he has done It to continually train his own Army," Van Fleet replied. "His Army has been built up continually and the test of an army is to train it battle." The general said his Elghlli Army .would be "delighted and honored' to welcome President-elect Dwight Eisenhower io Korea. He said he had no approximate date of Eise_nhower's arrival and 'mat the'ioute EisenHbwer would take through Korea'had not been decided. Such arrangements, lie will no doubt be handled : by said, "Instructions to come." Eighth In Fine Sliape "The Eighth Army Is In better •shape today than it has been a very long lime and Ihe Communist armies are In much worse, condition than they have been for some tlme.'F he said. He said the bitter October fighting for Central Front hills such as Sniper nidge and Triangle cul the combat efficiency of two Chinese armies In half. The Allied battling in the Triangle-Sniper sector had "diverted Chinese plans for attacks elsewhere," he asserted. Asked about a recurring report lhat he inlended to retire within 60 days, he said: "I'm subject to orders. As far i I know, my status is the same ; when I first came over." Bean Warehouse In Senarh Burns Fire of undetermined origin de stroycd a warehouse of the Blythc- vllle Soybean Corporation at Senath. Mo., last, night, with the los. estimated at $15,000. The crew had. left the building which was stored with soybeans and some machinery, at six o'clock and the blaze was discovered about 30 minutes later, Charles Pcnn, official of the corporation said. The loss was - partially covered by insurance, he said. W. L. Reeves, president of the corporation' whose main office is in Blythcville, said rebuilding will begin immediately. Total of 7,230 'Shots' Given By Health Unit in Nine Months A total of 7,2.10 Inuoculations and vaccinations have been given In the immunization program of the Mississippi County Health Unit during the first three quarters of this year, Mrs. Annabel B Pill county health nurse, said yesterday] The Immunization totals were included in a report made by Mrs Pill on activities of the Health Unit from January through September The Health Unit maintains offices In both Blytheville and Osceola Of the 7.230 Immunizations 3311 were typhoid ir.noculatlons, 1,523 -, 1.196 smallpox vaccinations and were combined diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough shots Twenty-one communicable diseases were reported anil discovered by the Health Unit, ihcludlns 10 cases of polio, six case£ of meningitis, three cases of lyphoid (ever one typhoid carrier discovered and one new trachoma case found A tolal of 35 visita during thli period by were made Uie county health nurse, the report showed. In venereal disease work, a total of 2,463 blood tests have been made In the past nine months. Fourteen cases were treated p.t the Health Unit. 350 were transferred to the Public Health Service's Rapid Treatment Center at Hot Springs for treatment and Held visits were made to 134 cases. The report shows the following activity In tuberculosis work: 100 new contacts, suspects and active cases admitted to nursing service; 72 field visits made to these cases; 78 old cases admitted lo nursing sen-Ice; 176 office nursing visits; 86 visits io physicians in regard to these cases; 105 tuberculin patch tests given. 22 of which .showed positive reactions. Maternity work done by the Health Unit Included 122 expectant mothers examined In maternity clinics with 354 urlnalyses done and nutritional advice given; 10 ,S» HEALTH UNIT on Fife T Ike Will Profit by Korean Visit, Mrs. Rosenberg Says SEOUL,, Korea (AP) — Assistant Secretary of Defense Anna Rosenberg, completing a five-day inspection torn- of Korea, today said she s sure President-Elect Dwight Eisenhower w\ll profit by a trip to Korea. In the closing days of the presl-* . dential campaign. Elsenhower said he would go to Korea to see first hand the problems confronting the United Nations there. He has snid lie will make the trip before he Is inaugurated Jan. 20. Mrs. Rosenberg told a news conference she will urge to maximum efforts upon United Stales officials: 1. Continued rotation of U. s. troops in Korea through replacements. Praluv ROKs 2. SlrenBlhening'and building up the South Korean (ROK) army, which she described as "a great fighting army that has shown amazing development '.' Asked whether she thought Elsen- hower would find a visit to Korea valuable, she replied: "General Elsenhower knows this game better than 1 do. He knows what he wants to do. I'm sure he'll profit by it and I'm sure he'll do what Is right." Two Major Items Facing Council Base Fund Proposal, Increased Ark-Mo Payment on Agenda A citizens' meeting at 6:30 p.m. ioday Is expected to add a major Item to Ihe agenda of the monthly City Council session which will follow at 8 p.m. Means of obtaining approximate ly $100,000 needed to purchase land neeiled;for reactivation of the air Base will be discussed at the citizens; meetta5,.called by the.Cham- oei of Commerce. " ' Chamber President Max Logan stressed yesterday that the meeting will be mciely for discussion of plans and "will riot be a money- raising session." Data emanating from this meeting is scheduled to be presented to, the City Council tonight. Both meetings will be held in the Municipal Courtroom In City Hall. Also on the Council's agenda tonight is an Arkansas-Missouri Power Company proposal to increase voluntarily the annual payment it, makes to Ihe city for the right to operate here. The utility proposes to Increase the annual amount from $10 000— now given In street-lighting—to $10,000 In cash. This agreement Is lo be for a 10-year period and is based on interest savings through an area-wide franchise program It has launched. Blasts Russians for 'Blocking Peace' Prime Minister Soys Move Is Attempt to Disperse Free World By MICHAEL NEWMARCH LONDON HI — Prime Minister Churchill, blasting with all his old wartime vigor, last night accused Russia of blocking peace In Korea In an attempt to disperse the strength of the free world and cripple the buildup of European defenses. Speaking In London's ancient bomb-scarred Guildhall, the 77- year-old Prime Minister also hailed the election of Gen. Dwight I). Eisenhower and urged France and Germany to get together for the cause of European unity. "There has been no doubt " he said, "That, thus far It has becii the policy of Moscow—for reasons which are obvious—to prevent an agreement from being reached" in Korea. Declaring that the Communist world undoubtedly gained l an advantage In tying down large pro- East, portions of u. s. and United Nations resources in the Far he added: 'That Is why the Kiemlin or dered the rjilginal aggression to begin and that was why after President Truman had eifecllvely marshaled the United Nations to repel It the so called truce talk 1 ! have, dragged out over more than a .year. Supports D.S, "It Is a convenient way of dls pcrsing the strength -of the free v orld and preventing or at least delaying the .building:' up O f a secure defense against (he subjugation or-.-Western Europe." He voiced-unqualified support for Ihe U. S. refusal lo force U. N. prisoners of war in Korea to return to their Communist-ruled homelands. He snid lie was anxious for peace in Korea, hut not "at the price of dishonor." "II would be a dishonor," he declared, "to send thousands of helpless prisoners of war buck by force lo be massacred by the Chinese government, which boasts it has actually rid itself of two mil • Set CIIURCHIM, on 1'agc 7 Ike Approaches Taxes, Spending with Caution By MARVIN I,. ARKOWSMITII AUGUSTA, Ga. <AP> - President-elect Dwlght D. Eisenhower and his fiscal advisers are taking a cautious approach to the probl em of reducing federal spending and the companion goal of cutting (axes as soon as possible. A week after Elsenhower's elec-+ lion, the signs are there will be little or no bullish lalk about quick achievement of either goal by the Republican administration taking over in January. Evidence of that came after the week-end conferences the general held at his vacation retreat here with GOP leaders. Sen. Eugene D. Millikin of Colorado, who will be chairman of the tax-writing Senate Committee, said he would like nothing betcr than to sec taxes reduced. But he added It would be fool-hardy to do more than hope until Congress sees the budget President Truman will submit In January..before Elsenhower's Inauguration. The spending program, said Millikin, will be Ihe key to the whole thing. . And while he noted that Elsen- hower, once in office, will be free to recommend a reduced program, the senator didn't appear optimistic about the possibility of big-scale cuts that would open the way for tax reductions. A similar note of caution was sounded by Joseph M. Dodge, Detroit banker who drew the assignment at the Eisenhower conference of representing the President-elect in the Budget Bureau until Inauguration day. After that, Dodge may head the bureau. Won't Speculate on T«« He refused lo speculate on what the new administration may be able lo do regarding taxes and spending. To do so, he said, would be a dangerous thing. ' Eisenhower himself pledged during the campaign to cut both Set K1SE.NHOWCR «n p» fe 7 $414 Given TB Fund First Day Goal for Solicitation Phas« Set at $2,000 More than one-fifth of the week's goal for Christmas Seal sale solicitations were obtained by volunteer workers in the first day of this phase of the drive yesterday A lotal of $414.50 was obtained. A goal of $2,000 has been set for solicitation phase of the fund drive, which through this week. tuberculosis will extend The solicitations got under way yesterday. Sale of the Christmas seals through the mall Is scheduled to get under way Monday. Board of Trade Closed Blythcville's Board of Trade, along with others about- the United States, were closed today In observance of Armistice Day. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Georgia Ttch, Michigan Stale, Maryland lead football |H>N . . . One In • Crowd . . . Sports , . . rase S . . , • . . Society . . . 1'ae.e 4 . . , . . . Where's "The Plan" lo replace Amendment 43? ... editorials , Reels Capture Pinpoint Hill For 13th Time By ROBKRT TUCKMAN SEOUL, Korea (AP) — A smashing Chinese infantry and artillery attack drove South Korean defenders from the main Allied position on Sniper Ridge tonight. It was the 13th time United Nations forces have been driven off Pinpoint Hill since the battle for the Kumhwa ridges began Oct. 14 The South Koreans fell back at B P. m. after a five-hour battle with 1.500 Chinese. It began with one of the heaviest Communist artillery barrages of the war An Amcricnn military adviser called It the heaviest artillery concentration he had ever seen. Associnled Press War Correspondent John Randolph, reporting from the scene on the Central Front, said the Communists hurled 1,000 rounds of mixed mortar and artilleri* fire in the first few minutes of the hour-long klckoff barrage. Thrfe-Prnnfed Attack Less (nan an hour after the first gun opened up, the Reds. lashed out In a three-pronged attack that hit the ridge on the north, east and .west. The/e was violent fighting In almost pilch darkness under a low clout! cover that limited ,the effectiveness of U. N. flares. The South Koreans began Withdrawing to their base positions on Ihe outlying spurs of Sniper Ridge . These are the positions they have always been, able to Hold In the 12 previous withdrawals from Pinpoint. ' Earlier today x x x 1th graf first lead laiM Earlier today United Nations infantrymen threw back Red attacks on both the Eastern and Western ends of the bleak, rain-swept' Ko^ rean battlcllne as well as a company size—150 to 175 men—attack on Sniper Ridge. On the eastern anchor of the 155- mile battlcfront, 300 North Koreans were thrown back aft,er~storming three Allied held hills Both the Central and Eistern Front attacks were repulsed in an hour ,or less. Dreary Annlstici Day It was a dreary armistice 'day fol the Allies A told, heavy ram began about 3 a.m. and continued Ihiough most of the day Meanwhile the u s Eighth Army commander. Gen. James A. Van Fleet, announced at his Seoul See WAR on Page 7 Negro Injured In Collision Victim of Bridge Crash Unidentified An unidentified Negro was Injured late Sunday night In an accident at Yarbro Bridge on Highway Cl north. 'Hie wreck Involved,two cars and a Gordon Transport truck, according to State Patrolman Tom Smal- Icy, who described the accident as follons: ' The transport truck, driven by S. A Hill of Memphis, was going north on Highway 61, crossing the Yarbro Bridge. At the north end of the bridge, a car had stopped to wait for the truck to ores* when a 1051 Ford driven by Willie Parker, in which the injured man was riding, ran into the rear of the parked ear and skidded into the path of the oncoming tnirt- Thc Ford was knocked back around and off .the highway, and the truck ran off the road Into the ditch on the right. Before any Information about the Injured Negro outd be obtained, he was placed in the car which had stopped at the brittle and taken away. Trooper Smaltey reported This car and its occupants also were unidentified, and tcdny no information had been discovered as lo hte Identity or extent of injuries of the Negro. Willie Parker, driver of the car in which the Injured man was riding, told Smalley that he had just picked up the Negro and didn't know his name. The Ford was almost completely demolished, Trooper Smalley said, and the truck, which was loaded with 28.000 pounds of crude synthetic rubber, was heavily damaged, he added. The large number of thriving bridge clubs may be the reason thot woman's work n neW Aont;

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