WEATHER FORECASTS For 36 hours ending 5 p. m. Sunday: Victoria and vicinity Southerly and westerly winds, generally fair, not much change in temperature. Lower Mainland Light to moderate windH, generally fair, preceded by showers. WHERETO GO TO-NIGHT Royal Victoria Mary Pickford. Pantages Vaudeville. Dominion "Cheating the Public'' Variety Enid Bennett. aft Romano Ethel Clayton. T1: Columbia Douglas Fairbanks. y.OL. 53. NO. 17 VICTORIA, B. C, SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1918 SIXTEEN PAGES iviiiiru -ii 1 V I t 1 GERMANS DRIVEN ACROSS THE M Allies Dislodge 18,800 GERMANS IN ALLIES' HANDS AND ENEMY BEING DRIVEN OUT OF S0ISS0NS AS BIG FIGHT GOES ON Artillery Forces Have Soissons Under Their Fire and Fall of City Seems Imminent; French Moved Ahead Quickly Yesterday Afternoon and Evening London, July 20. The number of Germans captured in the Franco-American offensive in France has now reached 18,800. The French advanced on an average of one mile on a twenty-mile front between noon yesterday and 9 o'clock last night. Washington, July 20. The War Department here has no advices that the city of Soisssons has fallen into the hand3 of the attacking Allied forces in France, but it is known to be under a heavy fire from American artillery and its fall seems imminent. Washington, July 20. Official reports to the War Department, General March, Chief of Staff, told the newspapermen to-day at his weekly conference with them, showed a maximum penetration by the Franco-American counter-attack between the Aisne and the Marne of ten mile3, and an average penetration of seven miles, on a twenty-two-mile front. The attack still is being pressed, he said, against heavy German reserves. . MORE mUl 1.200.000 B.S.TWSSEBT That Figure Includes Those jn - France and Those on Way Washington, July 20. The embarkation of American troops for France has passed the 1,200,000 mark, according to information given by Gen. March, Chief of Staff, to-day at his weekly interview with newspaper correspondents. General March said the objective of the Franco-American counter-attack was the Soissons-Chateau Thierry railroad, which the Allied command had reason to believe was' the principal artery of supply for the enemy in the Chateau Thierry region and also one of the principal sources for the sector south of the Marne. The French and American forces either were already on this road or had it well under direct Bhell fire of their artillery. The Chief of Staff pointed out that with this railroad in Allied control the German withdrawal from thaj sector south of the Marne would be rendered difficult and their main railway line to the rear would be lost. He indicated that an attempt to withdraw was anti-' clpated. Nut-Cracker Plan. The latest German drive was Intended as a "nut-cracker" operation against the city of Rheims, General March said. This drive had been definitely stopped when General Foch struck on the right flank of the German effort, after the enemy had advanced four to five miles on a twenty-three mile front. Official advices confirm the press report that French corps in which American divisions were operating had captured 17,000 prisoners and guns and mateiial "in very helpful amounts." Allied military opinion, General March said, is unanimous that the German offensive movement has been completely stopped. ALL WHO WERE ON ; TRANSPORT BARUNGA ! LANDED IN SAFETY London, July 20. The survivors and v xmnr nf the British transnort Ba- runea. sunk by a submarine, have landed at a Channel port. All are in high spirits. There were no casualties when the Rarunea. formerly a Uerman steam shin, was sunk by a German submarine on Monday. Several hundred unfit Australian troops were on board the vessel, which was bound for Australia. Enemy Forces South of River and Throw Them LUDENDQRFF NOW IN HiNDENBUBG'S PUCE Referred to Officially by Berlin as Chief-of-Staff Paris, Judy 20. General Ludendorff, who up to July 17 had borne the title of Quartermaster-General of the German army, has received in a German official statement the title of Chief of the General Staff, according to The Matin. The newspaper points out that this title belonged to Field-Marshal von Hindenburg and wonders what has become of him. Reports have been current during the last two or three months that von Hindenburg was ill. These culminated in reports recently that he had died. There is some doubt, however, that this last report is true. Late in June it was said that he had become involved in a controversy with the other commanders relative to the German offensive on the Western front. Particulars Not Given. Amsterdam, July 20. A semi-official telegram received here from Berlin, while, admitting "that the enemy succeeded in penetrating into and pressing back our lines at some points," avoids particulars of the Allied success between the Aisne and the Marne. The telegram calls the Franco-American offensive "a relief offensive brought about by the German offensive on both sides of Rheims," and adds: "The attack was carried out by very strong and deeply echeloned forces, supported by low-flying aeroplanes and numerous tanks. Before some sectors between the Aisne and northwest of Chateau Thierry about eighty tanks were counted in the first attack." Lieut.-General Baron- von Ardenne, commenting in The Tageblatton the German offensive, says: "We clearly are only at the beginning of probably the greatest battle in the entire history of the world. Most severe fighting still lies ahead. It would be presumptuous and in bad taste to talk already about the fresh destruction of enemy fighting forces." German Plane Was Driven From Kent London, July 20. A German aeroplane crossed the Kentish coast this morning, but was driven back by the fire of anti-aircraft guns, according to an official announcement. BRITISH LOSSES IN WEEK ENDING TO-DAY WERE 16,981 MEN London, July 20.-The British casu alties reported during the week ending to-day totalled 16,981, compared with the aggregate of 14,911 reported in the previous week. The past week's losses were divided as follows: Killed or died of wounds Officers, 91: men, 1.411. Wounded or missing Oilicers, 291; men, 15,188. HE WON OUT ! If t 1 1 4 - ,t I, THE HON. PREMIER OLIVER SECURES VICTORIA TERMINALS AND SEVENTY MILES OF TRACK Reserve Will Quickly Buzz, With Railway Activity; Sooke Will Get Transportation; Munitions Board Will Log Spruce at Nitinat; Personal Victory for Oliver Following the receipt of telegraphic advices from Premier Oliver and a special session of the Provincial Executive, the Hon. John Hart, Minister of Finance, makes the announcement this morning that construction of the Canadian Northern Pacific Railway terminals on the Songhees Reserve and the laying of seventy miles of steel rails on this Island will be undertaken by the Dominion Government immediately. This eminently satisfactory news from Ottawa marks an outstanding nprsnnal trmiiiiih for the Premier of the Province and constitutes a decision for action on the part of tne Federal authorities that will mean much for the city of Victoria in particular and for the future prosperity of Vancouver Island In general. It also means that the farmin? communities through which the Canadian Northern grade traverses between this city and Sooke will at last be able to look to transportation facilities upon which their very existence depends. With the laying of steel on the forty-mile stretch from Cowichan Lake to the Nitinat country the Imperial Munitions Board will now be in a position to make prompt preparations for the logging of aeroplane npruco urgently needed for the manufacture of aircraft. The Terms. Premier Oliver advised the members of the Cabinet yesterday by wire that his interview with the Dominion Executive had been entirely satisfactory; that all misunderstandings had been effectively removed; that the price agreed upon to be paid by the Canadian Northern Railway Company for terminal lands on the Reserve was fixed at $8,500 per acre $2,100 per acre in excess of the figure paid by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company and $3,500 per acre less than the figure asked by the Government as arrived at on the valuation of Judge Howay that Immediate construction would be commenced on both terminals and on the seventy miles of railway. The Premier asked that the Provincial Executive confer upon the matter Immediately giving its approval, or otherwise, to the price suggested for the terminal site. The remaining members of the Cabinet at present in town met at once, with the result that a wire was dispatched to Premier Oliver late (Concluded on page 4.) Death in Action of Lieut. Q. Roosevelt. Reported by Germans Paris, July 20. German aviators have dropped a note into an American aviation camp confirming the death of Lieut. Quentin Roosevelt. ! j F ,. J ' JOHN OLIVER JUNEAU CELEBRATES, Juneau, July 20. With a parade participated in by nearly all the residents of Juneau, followed by dancing in the streets, Juneau yesterday celebrated the Allied victory in France, in which American troops have shared. The day was given up to festivities and wild enthusiasm. FOOD SITUATION NOW IN AUSTRIA IS REPORTED TO BE AT DESPERATE POINT London, July 20. The food situation in Austria-Hungary is now desperate, according to a Zurich dispatch to The Daily Chronicle, which says that the population of Vienna is literally dying of starvation. Bread is selling at one dollar a pound and other foodstuffs in the same proportion. People are fleeing to Switzerland to escape the terrible conditions. " Austrian and German papers declare that even if the German Government should give aid it would not be sufficient to tide over the acute crisis. Since July 15 the food depots have become completely empty. It is not possible to supply the people from the new harvest, for this will be very late. The newspaper Zelt reports that In Since July GERMANS FORCED TO FALL BACK FROM TIP OF MARNE SALIENT BY HEAVY BLOWS DIRECTED BY FOCH J Push Line Forward South of Hebuterne After Sharp Fighting London, July 20. Field-Marshal Haig reported to-day: "English troops carried out a successful raid during the night near Beaumont Hamel and captured a few prisoners and a machine gun. 'Farther north English troops pushed our line forward on a front of about a mile south of Hebuterne after sharp fighting. "Hostile artillery has been active in the neighborhood of St. Venant and Ypres. "As a result of our operations yesterday our line in the Meteren sector has been advanced on a front of about 4.000 yards, and both the village of Meteren and the group of buildings to the southwest of it, known as Lewaton, are now held by our troops. The enemy offered considerable resistance on the extreme left of our attack, but at all other points our objectives were gained rapidly and without great difficulty. The number of prisoners captured is 34G." Hebuterne Is about midway on the front between Albert and Arras. Beau-mont-Hamel is two and a half miles south of Hebuterne. HAS FULL POWER Majority of Supreme Court Judges Uphold Army Exemption Cancellation Ottawa, July 20. Interesting judgments were handed down yesterday at the dismissal of the habeas corpus application which had attacked the validity of the Order-in-Council of April 20 which cancelled certain exemptions for men between twenty and twenty-two years of age under the Military Service Act. The majority judgment written by Mr. Justice Anglin, is an able document. He is most clear and firm in his declaration of full power for the Government under the British North America Act. After quoting the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council to the effect that the federal act exhausts the whole range of legislative power, he added: "A complete abdication of Parliament of its legislative functions is something so inconceivable that the constitutionality of an attempt to do anything of the kind need not be considered. Short of such an abdication, any limited delegation would seem to be within the ambit of a legislative Jurisdiction certainly as wide as that of which it has been said by incontrovertible authority that it is 'as plenary and as ample as the Imperial Parliament In the plenitude of its powers possessed and could bestow.' (Hodge vs. Queen, 9 a. C. 117, 133). I am of the- opinion that it was within the legislative au-(Concluded on page 8.) Hungary many towns and villages are completely without bread or flour, -as all their food reserves were taken to ameliorate the disaster in Austria, especially Vienna, FRONT Or MILE SAY GOVERNMENr. Correspondents Reports ward Across Marne, With Allies Pressing Them; French Report Tells of Approach to Soissons On the French front in France, July 20. The German troot)3 x south of the Marne have been repulsed and are crossing the Marne to the northward. London, July 20. The German Marne have suffered a repulse by northward across the river, Renter's correspondent at French head quarters telegraphs this afternoon. The Allied troops in their pursuit of the Germans are awDroach- ing the banks of the Marne. With the French Army in France, July 20. 11 a. m. Entente NICHOLAS, EX-CZAR OF RUSSIA, SHOT Bolsheviki Government Announces Execution Following Discovery of Conspiracy London, July 20. Former Emperor Nicholas of Russia has been shot, a Russian wireless statement to-day announces. The former Empress and the young Alexis Romanoff, the former Heir-Apparent, have been sent to a place of security. The Central Executive body of the Bolsheviki Government announces that it has at its disposal . important mat terial documents concerning the former Emperor's affairs, including his own diaries. The message announces that a counter-revolutionary conspiracy was discovered with the object of wresting the ex-Emperor from the authority of the Soviet Council. In view of this fact, the President of the Ural Regional Council decided to execute the former ruler, and the decision was carried out on July 16. Documents concerning the conspiracy were forwarded to Moscow. It had been decided, the message explains, to bring the ex-Emperor before a tribunal to "be held for crimes against the people." Later occurrences, however, led to delay in adopting this course. The former Emperor's correspondence, including letters from the Monk Rasputin, who was killed shortly before the revolution, written to the then Emperor and his family, will be published in the near future, the wireless message declares. British Airmen Hit Zeppelin Sheds and Burned Two Airships London, July 20. The German airship sheds at Tondein, in Schleswig-Tolstein, were bombed recently by three' Britlsh airmen and two Zeppelins were destroyed, according to an account of the raid given by an eyewitness and printed in the newspaper Stiffs Tldende, of-Rtbe, Denmark. The four hits obtained by the airmen started a fire which lasted half an hour, during which the zeppelins were burned. Italians Wrest More Ground From Enemy on Mountain Front Rome, July 20. Italian troops have wrested from the. Austrlans Monte Stabel and completely reoccupied Cor-nodi-Cabento, in the Adello region on the mountain front. JURORS DISAGREE REGARDING O'LEARY TO-DAY AT NEW YORK New York, July 20. The jury In the Federal court here to-day reported its inability to agree on a verdict in the trial of John J. O'Leary for alleged obstruction of justice and was discharged. Northwan Teutons Retreating North troops on the front south of the the French and are retreat o- troops to-day are driving back the Germans on the southern bank of the river Marne and are now approaching the river embankments. London, July 20. The Allied gains on the front of the Aisne-Marne offensive have been further extended along the line between Montaigne-de-Paris, a mile and a half southwest of teoissons, on the north, to Belleau, five miles southwest of Chateau Thierry, on the south. The French have bitten off several square miles of German territory in the vicinity of the River Ourcq, about mul way between Chateau Thierry and Soissons, and this afternoon were reported to be holding Mont Chezillon. The present French line in this district is thus seven miles in front of that held before the offensive began. Further Gains. London, July 20. Further advances by ,the French in the held of the German offensive both north and south of the Marne are reported this afternoon. South of the Marne the French have taken Bois-de-Misy and reached Port-a-Binson, on the rivor. North of the Marne French troops captured the town of Marfaux, southeast of Bligny, after heavy fighting, and moved forward west of Pourcy. Soissons Region. London, July 20. The French line has not been advanced much farther toward Soissons, but the front is now very close to the main road opposite Villemontoire, six miles south of Soissons. Villemontoire is an important centre for the transport of Germail troops. The French line now passes through Fontenoy, Pernant, Berzy-le-Sec, Ville-montaire, north of Le Plessier-Huleu, Chouy, Neuiily, St. Front and Sonnel-ans. On the Rheims front French forces have advanced for a distance of 1.000 yards between Souain and Auberive. The French also made slight progress near Pourcy. French Report. .Paris, July 20.The- following official report was issued here this afternoon : "Yesterday and last night French and American troops continued their advance over the greater part' of the front between the Aisne and the Marne. "Vierzy has been reached and the troops have gone beyond the Mauloy Wood, east or Vlllers-Heilon, and conquered Neuilly-St. Front and Lioy-Clignon. South of the Marne our troops haVe driven back the Germans between Fossoy and Oueilly and have gained ground toward the Marne." Stiff Fighting. With the American Army on the Aisne-Marne Front, July 20. (1 p. m.) (By the Associated Press) Despite the stiffening resistance now being shown by the German forces, the Franco-American troops are holding their lines between Soissons and Chateau Thierry. The battle raged all night.' (Concluded on page 4.) Cholera Breaks Out in City of Moscow and Spreads Quickly London, July 20. Cholera has broken out in Moscow, according to a Russian wireless message received to-day. Within twenty-four hours, the message says, there were registered in Moscow 224 known cholera cases, seventy-eight suspected cholera cases and twenty-six cases of stomach diseases. MANUFACTURE OF MOTOR TRUCKS IN U. S. Washington, July 20. Manufacture of motor trucks for direct and indirect war needs is considered an essential industry, the War Industries Board announced to-day, and priority on materials will be granted.
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