The Victoria Daily Times from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada on January 18, 1919 · 1
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The Victoria Daily Times from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada · 1

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Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
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Saturday, January 18, 1919
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WEATHER FORECAST Victoria and vicinity Strong winds or (tales, mostly easterly and southerly, unsettled and mild, with rain. Lower Mainland Easterly winds, fresh to high on the Gulf, unsettled and mild with raiu. WHERE TO GO TO-NiGHT. Royal Out of a Clear Sky, Pantages Vaudeville. Dominion The Hun Within. Princessi Bed Cross Co. VOL. 54. NO. 15. VICTORIA, B. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1919 EIGHTEEN PAGES M ALLY OPENED I PARI jm ll.m mil - - MJI ii an 111 11 umn J.U. IMIJ nil m m' I n II Ml I WhTS A HID nAlXTnTlDOfO Iff ID vjs iu i t u iwi w u vx v y AIMS OF THE BRITISH AND AMERICANS ARE DECLARED THE SAME British Hop a New and Complete Working Agreement With United States Witt Be One of Results of Peace Congress Which Started Jo-Day Paris, Jan. 18. Careful investigation here has made it possible to give more concretely an outline of the war claims of Great Britain and her general desires regarding the making of peace. The British aims, the unofficial representation of them shows, are regarded as in general coinciding with those of the United States delegation. There are some minor differences regarding the final adjustment of the world's affairs. On the whole, however, the aims of the two nations are considered by British commentators as identical. Great Britain believes first, it is declared, that a League of Nations is desirable and attainable, and that none of the British war aims will be considered practicable unless they conform with the tenets of such a League. She also believes that things should be so adjusted that the war aims of vry csualxy will conform with those of the others, or in other words, that there should be a compact of give and As to indemnities, Great Britain expects to enter a pool with other nations. Her claims are comparatively small, it is said, but she wants her air raid damage and her shipping losses paid for. In addition to the League of Nations, one of the great things which Great Britain hopes will grow out of the Peace Conference, it is apparent, is a thorough, good, working agreement with the United States. Great importance is attached to this. T 11 Paris Correspondent of New York Tribune Repeated Paris Rumor . Paris, Jan. 18. Premier Clemenceau In the Chamber of Deputies yesterday gave a warning against false reports concerning the Peace Conference, citing as an instance a cablegram addressed to The New York Tribune. "I saw yesterday a telegram addressed to The New York Tribune," he said, "in which it was said President Wilson had threatened to withdraw all his troops and himself retire if certain stipulations of his were not granted. When I showed this telegram to Mr. Wilson this morning; he replied to me: 'What an abominable falsehood.' " Tribune's Statement. New York, Jan. 18. The following statement was issued by The New York Tribune last night: "At 11.30 a. m. Friday, January 17, The New York Tribune issued a statement denying that it had ever received from Paris or had ever printed in its columns a statement remotely resembling that which was referred to by Premier Clemenceau in the French Chamber of Deputies. At 2.20 p. ra. there was received in The Tribune Office what appears to be the message in question. Owing to the fact that it has been made the basis of controversy, The Tribune prints it just as the correspondent sent it. "The message follows: " 'Paris, Jan. Among the many sensational rumors habitually afloat in (Concluded on page 4.) SENATOR HUMBERT EXONERATED AFTER INQUIRIES IN FRANCE Paris, Jan. 18. (Havas.) Investigations have established the falsity of accusations made against Charles Humbert, who was charged with communicating to Germany the contents of two documents relative to the national defence. ERFECT ORDER IS STATED TO PREVAIL NOW IN MONTENEGRO Washington, Jan. 18. The Serbian Legation here has issued a statement denying that Montenegrins have revolted against the Serbian troops occupying Motenegro. News received at the Legation only a few days ago said perfect order prevailed throughout the little country. The Montenegrin Legation here announced on Thursday night that it had been informed that some 20,000 inhabitants in Montenegro had revolted against the Serbian forces, occupying several towns. ROM S3 DISPATCH TO GIRLS OF SIXTEEN Proposals Which Will Probably Be Adopted by Wage Board It is understood that an announcement will be made by the Minimum Wage Board within the next few days dealing with wages to be paid to girls employed in mercantile establishments during any part of the period intervening between the age of sixteen and eighteen. Minimum of $7.50. A decision has been practically reached that the minimum wage of such a girl, immediately on reaching the age of sixteen years, shall be $7.50 per week during the first three months of such employment and that increases in pay shall be granted at the rate of fifty cents per week at intervals of three months until she attains the age of eighteen years. After that time she automatically comes within the minimum scale set for girls of eighteen years of age and over, namely, $12.75 per week. How tt Works. Taking for granted that the process of advancement mentioned above will be adopted, it would mean that a girl of sixteen and a half would be getting $8.00 per week for the three months preceding arrival at that age, the figure to be raised to $8.50 on commencing the second half year between sixteen and seventeen. On the advent of the seventeenth birthday the wage rate would go to $9.50, advancing each quarter at the rate of fifty cents, the last three months taking the figure to ffl.00. In the event of present negotiations being completed in time, it is expect-(Concluded on page 4.) PUN A GENERAL STIEIN STATES Delegates to Chicago Labor Conference Want New Trial for Mooney Chicago, Jan. 18. A general strike or organized labor, designed to paralyze every industry in the United States, beginning July 4 next, was decided upon yesterday by the National Labor Congress as a means of obtaining a new trial for Thomas J. Mooney and Warren K. Billings if federal intervention and every other means adopted to procure the desired relief should fail. The convention authorized the raising of a fund of $1,000,000 to carry on a campaign of education to liberate the labor leaders and to promote the proposed general strike. It is planned to finance the movement by levying an assessment of fifty cents on every; member of organized labor in the United States. The convention, which concluded its four-day session last night and adjourned, also adopted a resolution embodying a declaration of national policies affecting labor which demands that the people of Russia and Germany be permitted to work out their own destinies, that the American troops be withdrawn from Russia; that all political and industrial prisoners receive the same consideration as prisoners of war, and proclaiming the dawn of a new day for true democracy in which the rights of labor shall be fully recognized. 111 WAGE Gun With a Range of 50 Miles Was Built by British London, Jan. 18 (British Wireless Service) A big gun, expected to be of even greater power than "Big Bertha," was among the secret production of the Sheffield cannon works, it became known today. This gun, which, it is said, was intended to bombard Rhine towns, was about eighty-three feet long. Its weight, presumably mounted, is given as 124 tons. It was stated officially that the cannon would fire a shell a distance of fifty miles. GRANDMOTHER OF RUSSIAN REVOLUTION ARRIVES ON BOARD ORIENTAL STEAMSHIP .Catherine Breshko Breshkovskayia, known as the "Grandmother of the Russian Revolution," was a passenger aboard the Nippon Yu-sen Kaisha. liner Kamo Maru, which made port early this afternoon from Yokohama. Mme. Breshkovskayia, who is en route from Russia to Washington, D. C, has spent fifty years of the seventy-five, years of her life working for what she believed to be the betterment of her native country. Thirty of these years she has spent in various Russian prisons, and as a political exile in the black Siberian penal institutions. 1 Born of well-to-do and educated parents, she early evinced an ardent interest in the condition of the people about her. Their ignorance and condition of semi-slavery aroused in her the determination to do what she could for their betterment, and this has been the keynote of her efforts ever since. Her activity was unremitting and of a practical kind, in cluding lectures and raising of money for the purpose of education. Anti-Imperialist. As an anti-Imperialist, she was in the United States on a lecture during 1905. When the first revolution broke out in Russia at that time she immediately cancelled all her engagements and returned to that country to render what aid she could to the movement. Again she came to America just prior to the outbreak of the great war and lectured in all of the larger cities of the country, including New York, Chicago and San Francisco. With Russia embroiled, she believed the situation there again demanded her presence. In the general arrest by the Government of the Czar of all those who were suspected of having revolutionary tendencies, Mme. Breshkovskayia was included and deported to Siberia. Triumphal Returns. Her liberation came with the downfall of the Romanoff dynasty. All political exiles were set free and asked to return. Roads leading out of Siberia were filled with these released prisoners. As a mark of special attention, Mme. Breshkovskayia was provided with a special train. Hers was a triumphal return to Petrograd. As Bhe passed through its streets crowds were lined up to do her homage while little children strewed her pathway with flowers. Then followed the day when Premier Kerensky was endeavoring to bring order out of chaos. To his cause Mme. Breshkovskayia gave every ounce of her effort and support. With the downfall of the Kerensky regime and the rise of Bolshevism under the leadership of Lenine and Trotsky, for which she had no toleration, Mme. Breshkovskayia disappeared from public view. Many rumors of her assassination or death were current. In an interview Mme. Breshkovskayia said: "Neither Bolshevik nor Monarchist can rule Russia. An elected Government is our hope, the people never will consent to anything but the constituent assembly. The Bolshevik! beyond the Urals and the Monarchists who now are in power at Omsk must go." Mme. Breshkovskayia has many friends on this continent as the result of her previous visits. They are professors, social workers and men and women who were students when she was in this country on her first visit thirteen years ago. She knows Jane Addams and has lived in Hull House. One of her early American friends was Arthur Bui lard, now head of the Russian division of the American Committee on Public Information. BULGARS DETAINING GREEK CHILDREN ARE TO BE PROSECUTED Sofia, Jan. 17. (Via London, Jan. 18.) Under pressure of the Allies, the Bulgarian Government has ordered that charges be preferred against any people who are detaining Greek boys and girls who were carried away from Eastern Macedonia during the war. . JOHN R. SILLIMAN DIES IN MEXICO Washington, Jan. 18. John R. Silli-man, United States consul at Guadalajara, who figured prominently as a representative of the American Government during the Huerta regime in Mexico, died at Guadalajara yesterday noon. PHILIPPINES WANT FULL INDEPENDENCE IN POLITICAL FIELD Seattle, Jan. 18. Complete political independence is desired by the Philippine Islands, Manuel L. Quezon, President of the Philippine Senate, declared in a statement issued here today. Quezon, who was the Philippine delegate to Congress from 1910 to 1917, arrived here yesterday on a honeymoon tour. "We want freedom," he said. "The United States, however, has been so just and so honorable in dealing with the Philippines that it would be ungrateful for us to bring up the matter during the present emergency." CLAIM NOW IS MADE LIEBKNECHT DID NOT ATTEMPT TO ESCAPE London, Jan. 18. Independent Socialists at Berlin assert that Dr. Karl Liebknecht, who was shot and killed on Thursday, did not attempt to escape from an escort of troops, but was shot through the forehead at a few paces distant by soldiers guarding him, according to a Copenhagen dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph. The Freihelt, of Berlin, is calling upon workers there to begin a general strike, it Is reported. TROTZKY'S BROTHERS ARE IN SWITZERLAND; ESCAPED FROM FRANCE Geneva, Jan. 17, via London, Jan. 18. The Swiss newspapers announce that two brothers of Leon Trotzky, the Russian Bolshevik Minister of War and Marine, who were interned in France, escaped into Switzerland yesterday near Delmont, after shooting and wounding a French soldier. The younger of the brothers has been arrested. WILSON TO VIEW RUIN CAUSED BY GERMANS IN FRANCE Paris Jan. 18. President Wilson will avail himself of the first opportunity between the meetings of the peace delegations to visit the devastated regions of France. A FIGHT AGAINST INFLUENZA MASKS San Francisco, Jan. 18. Representatives of organizations of citizens opposed to the mask-wearing ordinance which was passed as a measure to check influenza, met last night and formed the Anti-Mask League. The announced purpose of the League is to "oppose by all lawful means" the compulsory wearing of masks. RAID IN NEW YORK. New York, Jan. 18. Four men were arrested and a quantity of literature seized in a police raid on the alleged Chinese headquarters pf the L W. W. in Chinatown here last night. FEW SITTINGS OF MAIN BODY OF GREAT PEACE CONFERENCE Paris, Jan. 18. All questions at issue, of whatever kind, will be settled by the Allied delegates before the enemy delegates arrive to attend the Peace Congress. As regards Russia, it is held that the five leading powers have agreed that her representation by any Russian element is impossible for the moment. As to the other questions before the Congress, territorial, financial and economic, apart from the League of Nations, the order , of their consideration Trill be indicated in the rules of procedure, which will be read by Premier Clemenceau as President of the Congress. It is understood that the method of work will be such that each delegation will record its opinion on each question in a memorandum, which PRESIDENT POINCARE DELIVERS ADDRESS AT OPENING SESSION OF THE WORLD PEACE CONGRESS SALLE OE LA PAIX SCENE OF Chamber in Paris Where Peace Congress Meets a Splendid One Paris, Jan. 18. The Salle d'Hortoge, where the Peace Congress is meeting, has been rechristened the Salle de la Paix. It is one of the most splendid reception rooms in Europe. First to catch the eye of the plenipotentiaries entering the hall stands a statute of Peace, holding aloft the torch of civilization. This heroic marble figure stands directly behind the table of Premier Clemenceau of France, the presiding officer. In front of the statue is spread the council table, covered with the traditional green baize of diplomacy. This table is in the form of a huge horseshoe. Across the upper end are nine seats of honor, for the presiding officer, the vice-presidents and Premiers. On each side of the two arms of the horseshoe there are fifteen seats, making sixty seats besides the nine at the head of the table. Each delegate's chair is upholstered in bright red leather, and before each place is a complete equipment of writing materials. The fittings of the room are in white and gold, with a frescoed ceiling bordered by dancing cupids. Four great lustre chandeliers hang from the ceiling, while five large windows, looking out over the Seine River, cast a flood of light throughout the apartment. .Consultation Room. Leading from the council room Is another chamber overlooking the gardens. To this room the delegates can retire for consultations. A large table at one end suggests that refreshments will be served there to the delegates. Farther on is a gorgeous state din-ingroom where luncheon and dinner may be served to the delegates in case protracted sessions are held. The whole suite of rooms is suggestive of elegance and beauty, and the artistic taste of the French. URGING SALE OF People's Moderation Party, Launched at Vancouver, Wants Law Changed Vancouver, Jan. 18. Representing all classes of business and professional life, there were between eighty and 100 persons present at the meeting of the People's Moderation . Party held here yesterday afternoon in the Citizens' Club. For an hour and a- half discussion of the present prohibition measure took place, and the view was generally expressed that this Act should be wiped out and a temperance measure substituted allowing the sale of beer and light wines, but not permitting the return of the bar. The intention is to form branches of the party throughout the province embracing every community, and later a temperance bill will be drafted and presented to the Government with the petition that it take the place of the present Prohibition Act. Organization, The meeting appointed a small committee to organize the preliminary work of the movement, and to appoint (Concluded on page 4.) it will hand to the general secretariat. The five great powers, the organizers of the Conference, will deliberate on these memoranda, either making a decision at once or inviting the delegates of the countries especially affected by the question at issue to come and discuss it with them. Thus the twenty-five representatives of the great powers will act, in a way, as the arbitrators of the conflicting claims of the small nations. By this method there will be few plenary sittings, there being no reason for holding them except when the question is one of ratifying an entire category of decisions affecting the assembled states as a whole, and above all when the future organization of the world, that is to say the question of the League of Nations, is dealt SV'Hh, SESSIONS BEER BE ALLOWED Crowds Assembled in Vicinity of Foreign Office in Paris; Delegates Passed Into Conference Chamber Through Double File of Soldiers Paris, Jan. 18. The Peace Conference was formally opened this afternoon with a speech by President Poincare of France, .who thanked the Allied nations for having chosen Pari3 for their important work and praised the valor of the Allied armies, which had preserved the capital of France from the enemy. The President's speech was as follows: "Gentlemen: "France greets and thanks you for having chosen as the seat ox your labors the city which for more than four years the enemy made bis principal military objective and which the valor of the Allied armies victoriously defended against unceasingly renewed offensives. "Permit me to see in your decision the homage of all the nations that you represent toward a country which more than any other has endured the sufferings of war, of which entire provinces have been transformed into a vast battlefield and have been systematically laid waste by the invader, and which has paid the human tribute in death. Sacrifices Borne. "France has bome these enormous sacrifices although she had not the slierhtest resDonsibility for the fright ful catastrophe which overwhelmed the" Universe. And at the moment wnen the cycle of horror is ending all the powers whose delegates are assembled here may acquit themselves of any share in the crime which has resulted in so unprecedented a disaster. What gives you the authority to establish peace of justice Is the tact tnat none of the peoples of whom you are the delegates had any part in the injustice. Humanity can place confidence in you because you are not among those who have outraged the rights of humanity. Truth Known. "There is no need of further information or of special Inquiries into the origin of the drama which has just shaken the world. The truth, bathed in blood, already has escaped from the imperial archives. The premeditated character of the trap is to-day clearly proved. "In the hope of conquering first the hegemony of Europe - and next the mastery of the world, the Central Empires, bound together by a secret plot, found the most abominable of pretexts for trying to crush Serbia and force their way to the East. At the same time they disowned the most solemn undertaking in order to crush Belgium and force their way into the heart of France. Britain, Francs and Russia. "These are the two unforgettable outrages which opened the way to aggression. The combined efforts of Great Britain, France and Russia were exerted against that man-made arrogance. "If, after long vicissitudes those who wished to reign by the sword have perished by the sword, they have only themselves to blame. They have been destroyed by their own blindness. "What could be more significant than the shameful bargains they attempted to offer to Great Britain and France at the end of July, 1914, when to Great Britain they suggested: 'Allow me to attack France on land and we will not enter the Channel," and when they instructed their Ambassador to say to France: 'We will only accept a declaration of neutrality on your part if you surrender to us Briey, Toul and Verdun.' It is in the light of these things, gentlemen, that all the conclusions you will have to draw will take shape. "Your nations came one and all to the help of threatened Right. Like Germany, Great Britain had guaranteed the Independence of Belgium. Germany sought to .crush Belgium. Great Britain and France both swore to save her. Two Ideas. "Thus, from the beginning of hostilities there came into conflict the two ideas which for fifty months were to struggle for the domination of the world the idea of sovereign force, which accepts neither control nor check, and the idea of Justice, which depends on the sword only to prevent or repress abuse of Btrength. "Faithfully supported by her Dominions, Great Britain decided she could not remain aloof from the struggle. Japan, in her turn, only decided to take up arms out of loyalty to Great Britain, her great ally, and from the consciousness of the danger in which both Asia and Europe would have stood of the hegemony of which the Germanic Empires dreamed. "Italy arose against an age-long foe only to answer the call of oppressed populations and to destroy an artificial political combination which took no account of human liberty. Roumania. "Roumania resolved to fight only to realize that national unity which was opposed by the same arbitrary force. Abandoned, betrayed and strangled, she had to submit to an abominable treaty, the revision of which you will exact. Greece, whom the enemy for months tried to turn from her traditions and destinies, raised an army only to escape attempts at domination. "Portugal, China and Siam abandoned neutrality only to escape stranjling pressure. United States. "Thus it was the extent of the German ambitions that brought so many peoples, great and small, to align themselves against the same adversary. And what shall I say of the solemn reasons taken by the United States in the spring of 1S17, under the auspices of her illustrious President, Mr. Wilson, whom I am happy to greet here in the name of grateful France, and if you will allow me to say so, gentlemen, in the name of all the nations represented in this room. "What shall 1 say of the many other American powers which either declared themselves against Germany Brazil, Cuba, Panama, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Haiti, Honduras or at least broke off diplomatic relations Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Uruguay? From the north to the south the New-World arose with indignation when it saw the Empires of. Central Europe, after having let loose the war without provocation, carry it on with fire, pillage and massacre. A World Event. "The Intervention of the United States was something more, something greater than a great political and military event. It was a supreme judgment passed by the lofty conscience of a free people on the enormous responsibilities incurred in the frightful conflict. "It was not only to protect itself from the audacious aims of German megalomania that the United States equipped fleets and created immense armies, but also, and above all, to de-(Concluded on page 4.) A N Under New Armistice Terms , Allies Reserve Right to Occupy Area Paris, Jan. 18. The agreement fo. . the renewal of the German armistice signed by Marshal Foch, Admiral Browning and the German Armistice Commissioners on Thursday provides for the renewal of the armistice from time to time after the month for which the extension runs, until the conclusion of peace, subject to the approval of the Allied Governments. The principal terms of the renewal are substantially as has been reported. In addition, there is a clause by which the Allied command reserves the right to occupy that' part of the Strasbourg defences comprised by the forts on the eastern bank of .the Rhine and a strip of territory from three to six miles beyond. Farm Implements. Other clauses provide for the substitution for supplementary railway materiallarge quantities of industrial and agricultural implements, and give control of the Russian prisoners in Germany to Allied delegates for repatriation. The naval clauses provide that all submarines must be turned over to tho Allies, including all submarine cruisers, mine-layers, sweepers, salvage ships and floating docks for submarines. They also stipulate that the building of all submarines in Germany must cease and those on the stocks must be dismantled or destroyed uni der Allied supervision. Ships. Germany undertakes to turn over all Allied ships still detained in German ports. The clause providing that Germany shall place her mercantile marine at the disposal of the Allies in return for food supplies says that the agreement in no way effects the final disposal of those ships. BRIDGEHEAD STRS01G 0

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