The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York on July 9, 1893 · Page 8
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The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York · Page 8

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Sunday, July 9, 1893
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THE BROOKLYN DAILY E AGrLEB (JJv DAY, JULY 9, 1893. - TTTESrrY PAGOES. foil STOM HOUSE HISTORY. loted Long Islanders Who Have Been Collector& 4Tho Bays of the Conklintr - Artlinr Regency An Office That Has Always Been Hard to Fill Its Political Decline. The office of collector of the port of New York, oll which attention is now riveted, hns been tided ill the past by several uoteil Long Island citizen. ;The first one to bo collector was Joshua Sands of .Brooklyn. Ho was one of the early senators of the state and a member of the famous council of appointment, the political predecessor of the 'Albany regency. lie was tho second in the line f of collectors and was the appointee of Presi - I dent John Adams. He held the high office JJ irom 1707 until 1801. when he was succeeded by David Gelston. another Long Islandor. Mr. Gelston was from Bridgehampton. Suffolk county, and had held prominent offices of state before his appointment. He was collector for a longer period than any of the others, being ap pointed by President Jefferson in July. lsoi, and continuing in the office until 1820. nineteen years. Cornelius W. Lawrence, a native and resident .Of Flushing, was collector durinc the adminis tration of President Polk, 1845 - 49. Ho was the first elected mayor of New York and was also a member of congress before he became collector. Whoever of the many applicants becomes the next collector will number the twenty - ninth in ..the line of customs chief. - . A veteran who has Jtiven many years' study to the customs service, in noting the fact, made mention, also, to the "writer of interesting circumstances that had come within his notice in his investigations of fj.tne iNew lork custom house and the colloctor - ship. Whatever the reason is. the appointment Igj'pf oollectors of customs at New York has been fthe cause of more difficulties to different administrations, he sail, than any other presidential nominations. Some Presidents Shad been more troubled and ombarrassod gjfinnamin? collectors, he stated, than in filling St cabinet positions. The first of t lie collectors was John Lamb, a soldier of the revolution. He was 3u ... .... anauvooi jMew lorK city an. I had been a colonel on the staff of General Knox. He was appointed collector March 20, 1701. bv Presi - 8,awaji. naaumi'm. x - nines uau IIUUUI) w liat - S'"mvr fr .1, - , ,, - i,t - . i.; ..,.1...... : ... ...i.. - ;. Imade because of President Washington's perso - .nal regard for nim. and also for the reason that lie had.iacoording to the veteran customs authority served as commissioner of customs during .the four years preceding from 178 - 1. Tho coliectorship was the cause of trouble to the administration of Presidout Van Iiuren when Collector Jesse Hoyt was succeeded by John I. Morgan a 'few days before tho close of Van llnren's term. It was also the cause of nnnovance and intrigue in the administration id' President Trier. In more recent times, tho veteran observer went on to state, the npnointment of collector of SfJNew York had led to momentous events in his tory. He attributed tho downfall of the Republican party in tho st.ue aud city remotelv to the 3Tew York custom house. The coliectorship. he 'said, has always been a bone of contention among tHtbe New York Republicans. The rirst of the Republican collectors was Hiram Barney, who :was appointed by President Lincoln in ISfil. ..twenty - three days after his inauguration. He Tvas a lawyer from Ohio, resilient in New York, and was chosen from among a number of candidates on the recommendation of his friend, .Salmon P. Chase, the secretarv of r.hp treasure fpfflr. Barney remained collector until September 1 - 7, 18G4. He is yet living and is in the S3d year of Hrhis age. President Grant appointed three collectors dur - SXOB his first term. Mis lirst appointee was Moses 51 Grinnell. a wealthy old time merchant of the !3'S who was interested in politics an 1 had been I whig member of congress. Mr. Grinnell was i&ne of the organizers of the Union League club jnd was a liberal contributor to i lie Grant Presidential campaign. His appointment was urged ibV. Eeuben E. Fenton. one of the Heuubliean H - XTnited States senators of the state. Collector jptrinnell made removals by wholesale during his term. The officers he turned nut were alleged to Spe Democrats who bad held over from past Dem - locratic administrations or had .,, - , rbi, . - m the roll during President Johnson's admin - tion. John J. O'Brien. .Michael W. urns, Barnard Bighu. Edward .lardiuo and Others, who afterward became noted as Republican district leaders, made their appearance in the customs service under Collector ;GrinnelI. The custom house in Collector Grin - rielPs time is described by a man who was a subordinate official there as a Mecca for Kerulv lican officials of all degree, retired and unfortunate merchants and persons without occupa tions, all in quest of office. He says that the large audience room of the custom house, now 'hsed as the collector's office, was filled daily for .Weeks by a hundred or more office seekers, scathed around in a square and each waiting to see 'the collector and present his credentials, - .hile nany others were gathered on the walk outside, 'hear the entrance, looking for an opportunity to "catch the collector as he passed in or out. The Republican party of the state wa; divided into two factions, one called the Fenton Republicans, whose chieftain was Governor Pen sion, afterward Senator Fenton. and the other flailed the Morgan livpuoiic. - .ns. whose lead er was Governor Morgan, afterward senator. iThe' Morgan Republicans had the pick of :;6hje government patronage during ' - lie early part fO.the war, while their icadw was governor of the state, but did not fare so well after Fenton 'became governor. Theup; . - iiritcientof Mr. (irin - !iiell as collector was distasteful to the Morgan 'Republicans because for oil - reason he had supported Fenton for the nomiiiannn of vice president on the Grant ticket, at th - Republican oon - rention of 1868. and with t no iuflu - no - of Sena - r Boscoe Conkliu : - . wh - .succeeded to the lead - Jshipof the Morgan, following ,a the retirement ?ipf Moreau, they had Grinnell transferred to tne naval office. Thomas Murphy su' - iveded thim as collector on July in. 1S70. He wa - jSilorgan follower, and was appointed a: the re - ;S,nes'i of Senator Coupling, whose influence with .ifttie Grant administration had supnluut - d that of Senator Fenton. his colleague and rival. Y1I - ixi - miJi) a iiiiJuiiiiiiiejiL w as tiif signal lor i'n jgairlthurst of faction fury. His record as a con - iStractorin the war was srraved against him and jgRtheFentonit es went so far as to charge tha the was Knnable to w rite his name. The writer called on JOollector Murphy with a statement to that effect Jiinanating from the Fenton Republicans and got sffifm to write his name so that he might refute it. - , jlsity. The partisan fury against Collector Kirphy only ceased when it compelled him JjfcV vrtfre from tho oifice November so. L881. Party rancor ran high during his management of the custom house, and the local primaries were marked by furious contests. He made quite a number ot removals, but they were Sfewer than those made by bis predecessor. Cho - ytgHkA. Arthur became Murphy's . - u - cessor at tho - 'hi.un, tnnic Kau - uu - i m , n - ,,1,1 ;.,.. ... - i as nomination was maue uy rresirtent i.rrau: on lie recommendation of Senaror Conkling. Toe party rivalry continued with Senators Conk - itg and ronton as the opposing leaders in the Mate. The Fenton Republicans became the Lib - seral Republicans of Grant's second adminis - Sjtration, and the Half Breeds of a later period and 'finally the Blaine Republicans, while the Morgan Si'Conkiing Republicans g it to be known as the Stal - fwartg. Ajthur's coliectorship lasted almost eight jSyears mrougn oraai s second administration fiimci wen into naves administration. ' ic custom fii - .house became a very citadel of Republican poli - 'itics of the city and the state and almost, of the .nation under his rule. He left much of the routine ; - .work of the' office to bis chief assistants, while ho devoted plenty of time to party affairs and poli - . - ;4iC8. The local machine became the strongest it irk - ' ever has been, its opponents called tho county ; organization the custom house machine. "The collector, says a custom house old timer in de - Bcribimrthe scenes there, "was tho official as well as the political boss of most of the district lead - ' rR who held office bv his flr - .rioinrmenT. om he ;:'vfc. himself hold his place through the senatorial A power of Roseo.? Coukhng. When primaries f ; were to be held or a ticket for the county oom - t mittee to be named, the leaders were summoned .. to meet at the collector's office after the close of 5 Ji business hours and there tho programme was ar - ranged.ConKressmenfrom this state as well asout - S - Weide of it almost invariably called there on their gfeyiBits to the city for favors in the way of patron - fjrlfiaset or for the purpose of talking party politics. ttBtate conventions and presidential conventions S:ei:e discussed in the collector's office. The local organization or the tentonor liberal uepuuii - 5gau8. whose loader had been succeeded in the fCTnited States senate by a Democrat, went to Ijriieces. and the opposition was mostly confined to tjj;4l districts and to non organization Republi - ans - :in the citj - ." The fight over the custom Sotiae and the colloctorship was reuowed after fejnaaguration of the Hayes administration, and tho opposition Republicans of the state sought the aid of the secretary of the treasury, .lohn Sherman of Ohio, tho collector's immediate snporior, in woakening tho Grant - Conkiing power and worsting the custom house machine. A commission was appointed to investigate the custom house management and tho opposition resorted to tho detective services of a special treasury agent to track tho collector anil report o;i his movements. In tho end Collector Arthur was removed and on July t! I, 1n7s, Edwin A. Meiritt of St. Lawrence county, a Fenton Republican, was api'Oinre l collector. The stalwart Machine was hard hit, but it still retained enough offices in the stale, officially and otherwise, to make a determined eoutest for 'Grant imd a thin! term in l.s.so. President Gariiold early in this administration appointed William H Robertson of Westchester county, a Fenton - Blaiue Kepublic - in, collector of tho port and then followed the resignations of Senators Colliding and Piatt. President Clove - laud in bis first term experienced trouble with tlie custom house similar to h;s predecessors. His first appointment as collector was Edward L. Hed leu, a merchant of this city, who took office on .Hily ','1. lSH.'i. He was appointed on the recommendation of Hubert O. Thompson, tiio County Democracy leafier. On August 0. isstt. he was succeeded in the coliectorship by Daniel Mngoue, a lawyer of St. Lawrence county. President Harrison mot the same difficulties durin., - his administration that the other Presidents had encounterod. He - made throe suc - esstve changes in tho coliectorship during his term. His first appointment was Jool U. Erhardt. who had been the Republican candidate for mayor in 1SSU. but was without personal following. His administration did not suit Thomas C. Piatt, tho state boss, and he was removed aud Piatt's young man, J. sjioat Fjtssett of Chemung comity, brought to the customhouse to run it. He remained only a short while and resigned to become the Republican candidate for governor. Tho naming of the next collector was left by tho President to United States Senator Iliscock, wdio named his feiiow townsmen and friend, Francis Hendricks of Onondaga county, the present incumbent of tho office. Mr. Hendricks had been a merchant and was p. state senator when he took the Milieu. The custom house policy pursued the President and at Minneapolis he found tiimsclt opposed by Piatt aud a large delegation from the state wiio were antagonistic to his ivnomination. The custom house had not been run to suit them. HE WAS FORJIEULY A KKOOKLY.MTE. The Artitt IVIio Died at Lakewood a. Short Time Ago. We, too, say that she now Scarce comprehending the voice Of a former ago any more Stupidly travels her round Of mechanic business and lets Slow die out of her life Glory and genius and joy. Matthpic Arnold. There died at Lakewood, New Jersey, a short time ago, Wilson de Meza. au artist of rare and precious genius. His name may not bo known to the world, but among artists in New York he was recognized as a man of marked ability. A curious misfortune is wont to follow genius making it beat its music out through perplexity and pain. De Meza was forced into a commercial life beforo his schooldays were ended. It is the story agaiu of Meissonier and other serious men. Ho was doomed to sell goods over a counter while his spirit was burning to express the color and rhythm lie saw in ail life about him. Now quitting business to do a littlo work in a school of art. to illustrate for book or paper, only to be driven by want or the care of others back to the commercial life he detested. At last, however, some favoruble turn mode his going abroad possible, and he became a pupil at Julian's school, in Paris. His lirst painting at the salon, a portrait of Countess . was given a pro::iinent place on line and spoken of with earnest commendation by leading French painters. I have seen the picture; it was delivered with the freshness and dash of a man with great latent power and consciousness of such power. The blood of the old Spanish colorists waB in his veins, and he felt it. Impetuous. sensitive, all. in fact, that a dlicate physical organization is strung to. he was not fitted to battie with the world, because he could not aud would not lower his artistic standard to the requirements of tho time. Ani, somehow, he did not meet the men who .vould have appreciated and nurtured his best instincts. This is tho tragic thing in this life, as it was in that of Chatterton and William Ulake: they fail and break, not because there is not appreciation of oue's highest in tho world, but because that appreciation does not find them out or comes too late. Appreciation has come to Marc Antocolsky, the famous Russian sculptor but his delicate, starved physique can hardly support it. De Meza was a man to be admired for his versatile genius. Should he come to us to - day. as he came fifteen years ago. from Paris, we would quickly find a place and work for him; but then he was too far ahead of his time to be understood, and in despair he threw his palette down and took to "pot boiling." His pot boiling was good work, howover. Any one can see this by turning to back numbers of Life and other woekiy papers. To his Spanish love and instinct for color was added the courage and manliness of the best American a happy fusion. For fifteen years and more he has fought a good fight. Sent down to the country or hospital from time to time with a racking cough of wasting consumption, he returned with unfailing courage to the battle. He anew he could not aftori to pour his best nature out in the color he felt surging through him. yet he kept on. He would have been great had he had fair play a great, colorist and a true representative of Amerh - an art. not thepsendo French, absinthe loving typo which often returns to us from Paris. He loved America and her institutions, and hated anglomania or other manias foisted upon us by an idie and flippant set of men wiio live abroad because they have not character or insight to find interest in tho homes where they were born. Among all the artists I have met there is not one who hns such a facde pencil. He would sit down and draw a conversation, as one might speak it. lie would answer any question with his pencil. Once given a pad ami pencil and he would entertain you lor the evening, laughing bravely ali the lime. Ah. not lit; le. when nain I - most (pielliug. and man Easily quelled, and the tino Temper of genius so soon " brills at each smart, is the praise. Not to have yielded to pain. He had in himself that, precious quality of charm Heine so extolled and embodie 1 so per - fectlv in his own sweet points. Handsome and attractive in person, he made ninny friends, who lament his untimely going. We were not Willi i him at the last, but we know there was no fear i on that deathbed; a little bitterness, perhaps, I and ironical smil - . but no fear. The world bad ' not appreciated one who would have given her a j great art had she given him leisure in which to I work it out. Nov, - he is at peace. The march of life has been too much for the brave fellow, j He fell in harness like a Roman soldier. We i know what his quality was. and what it might liavebeeu worth to the world had the world j known and received it. Hi? life is not lost, and , its brave, untiring lesson is not forgotten. True ! to his art. frank, fearless, dying before his time. his great dark ves are closed to us, but open j now to'colors richer than this earth csn know. His tireless hands are surely not folded, but working out great, glowing pictures to satisfy the mother he loved with such devotion. Thank God at last that one may die. Earth's every care, its pain laia quietly by. Ruxron Transcript. I) K C L A It E n I N N o cro i; s. After much legal contention about tho glne factory in tiie Eighteenth ward, near Newtown creek, o. - tablished by the late Peter Cooper and now operated by ex - Mayors Cooper and Hewitt of New York, as to its alleged hurtfulness to the public health, itis permitted to continue, its commercial outputs being esteemed wholly innocuous. Infact, if the truth were known, tho factory i in an indirect way. a health conservator. That it is a profitable business the making of glue and jally tho wealth of tho Co oper family attests. An Eac.le reporter was in the neighborhood of the factory last Wednesday and in conversations lie held with several of tho old settlers there was informed that until tho horrible stenches coming from Newtown creek bono boiling au.l other worki began to poison the air, never a complaint was uttered by anyone living near the great structure. On the contrary it was the general opinion of all living east of Bush - wick avenue anil tho MasDeth Hwarap that its presenco neutralized tho pestilential winds that came from the marshes, making tho whole neighborhood supremely healthy arid happy. A branch of tho factory is about to bo opened in New Jersey somewhere north of Hoboken. When tho construction is happily clo.sod which aims at tho abolition or removal of the Newtown crook nuisances, tho Fifteonth, Seventeenth anil Eighteenth wards will experience a boom in real estate they never before enjoyed. HOW GIRLS ARE HELPED At the Home Founded by Mrs. Malcolm T. Maine. One of the Noblest of the City's Charities The Brooklyn Training School unil Whut It Seeks to Accomplish Intelligent Philanthropy. Much has boon heard during tho last few years concerning woman's philanthropy; not that her charity is of tho kind that vauntcth itself any more than it ever was. but that the great changes taking place in the life and education of women in the past generation have enlarged her sphere of action, opened up new possibilities to her and immeasurably increased her power of doing good. Among the charities founded by women none gives promise of a greater future than tho Brooklyn training school and home for young cirls. founded in INSi). The institution had its origin in smail beginnings. It grew out of ihe desire of one woman to befriend a frieudless girl. It is difficult for us to realize that four years ago, in tho City of Churches, there was uo place where a Iriendiess girl over 14 yoars of ago could find shelter, unless consigned to a reformatory. Tho jurisdiction of orphan asylums and iudus - strial schools did not extend beyond that age an ago pra - emiuontly susceptible to any kind of intlueuce. when hundredj of girls, through death, sickness, poverty and misfortune, are left homeless, at the mercy of the worhl. Mrs. Malcolm T. Maine, through whose instrumentality tiie institution was founded, is a woman of strong humanitarian instincts. Hav - iug once become cognizant of the fact that many giris, who nii'iht under different circumstances develop into good, honest women, must be started on tho path downward for tiie want of, porhaps, only a temporary shelter, she did not let any great length of time pass before acting. Friends were consulted and in a short time a building was rented in Schermerhorn street, and so the first foundations were laid of wdiat is now a well established and duly incorporated charitable institution. During tho short time it has been in existonco hundreds of girls have been given temporary shelter, having been subsequently placed at service; no longer frieudless, but with the protective power of the homo ever ready to stand between them and degeneration. Many have been placed in institutions better adapted to their needs or returned to relatives. A great many, having received special training, have gone into the world with a far better equipment for self support than they could otherwise possibly have obtained. What misery or degradation, what sad fate they have beep spared, no one can say. The institution is distinctly a training school, and its main object is to make self supporting women of the girls. It proposes to take any friendless girl, regardless of sect, between the ages of 112 and SI; to give her a common school education, to teach her housekeeping in all its branches and anv trade or industry for which she shows a taste, in the mointimo looking after her physical and moral welfare. In short, tho purpose is not only to make of her a self supporting, but an honest, virtuous and faithful woman. This is the plan of the society, and. although it lias had in a measure to depart somewhat from tho original idea, like a poor hut ambitious mother it keeps its ideal of what its charges should be ever beforo it, and meanwhile gives them all tho advantages that its income will permit. Not all the children who enter the boms are friendloss. It not infrequently happens that, although parents are unable to control their children or to afford the expense of a regular board ing school, they are wise enough to appreciate the beneficial effects of proper training. Yet some of the circumstances under which the children enter the homo are very touching. The victims of all sorts of domestic misery find a refuge there. But whatever may have been their surroundings in the past, when they begin life at the homo they begin it entirely new. No one except the officers, whose duty it is to watch over them, knows the circumstances of the past life, nor is nny allusion, unless it becomes absolutely necessary, ever made to previous wrong doing or evil ways. If the paront or any relatives of the child can pay anything, a small sum of money, up to $2 per '.week is accepted for board. This plan is found to work successfully, in accordance with the principle that people value most what they are required to pay for. Under the guidance of the matron and housekeepers much of the light work of the home is done by the girls, who thus gain a practical knowledge of housekeeping. The society has recently rented an additional house, next to tho one already occupied, and the ground thus acquired, gives ample apace for croquet, tennis and all the sports so necessary to a healthy life. The girls' club meets once a week and the first club evening of each month is devoted to minic. addresses, etc. No corporal pun ishment is permitted. None but the most gentle and tactful methods of correction are pursued, and. indeed, most of the occupants are too thankful for a good home and kind treatment to be ever willfully disobedient. No uniformity of dress is require !, and ordinarily, the children are noticable only for their clear, healthy skin, neat appearance, and gentle natural behavior. The society endeavors to keep the girls in the home until tiie age of IS is reached. On leaving tho home for any permanent employment, they are not cut off from their old associations and influence, but are encouraged to return at any time for temporary shelter, assistance or advice. They are allowed to attend Sunday school, church, and such amusements as the directors deem advisable, but an attendant accompanies them on every occasion. The principal sources of income are from private contributions, from the county, for county - wards and from board money. The latter fund they expect to increase with their greaier accommodations, by takine!outside boarders, such as the overflow from the boarding house, connected with the Young Woman's Christian association. Visitors are invited to inspect the home, which is located at :i;iii - :;:i8 Fourteenth street, and are welcome at any time, although the first Thursday in the month is the day appointed. The society has its various committees, such as clothing, visiting, industrial and educational, etc.; au advisory board of men, a legal adviser and physicians. Among its most prominent patrons are Mrs. David A. iioody, Mrs. Helen K. Sninner, Mrs. Ed ward II. Jordan, Mrs. Robert Pinkerton. Mrs. Alfred H. Calhoun, Mrs. Henry T. Finch aud Mrs. Leonard Moody. The president and also one of the founders, Mrs. Malcolm T. Maine, is first and last a friend of the friendless girl. She believes that htiinun nature ir, the s - iiiio the world over; that poor, neglected and deserted children have for the most part traits and tendencies similar to those born with tiie traditional silver spoon. In short, she agrees with Victor Hugo, that all flowers are beautiful and that only the cultivators are imperfect. THK SPOUTSHAX'S I,()VE OF ATXJRE. Good sportsman, thou hast ever lov'd to trace The streams, tho woods of nature's vast domain. Loving to winder in the forest depths. Loving to meditate o'er grassy plain. Far in thy kingdoms, nature, it is sweet. To tread thy precints wheresoe'er they be, Whether in flowery gardens of the land Or mountain fastnesses supremely grand. The hunters and explorers love to climb The craggy boulders, the granitic stoop Where in dark caverns lurks the grizzly bear. The homes of bighorn, the great mountain sheen. Witli daring step ho treads tho wild ravine. The stony gulch, the canon's wide expanse. Where beetling precipices bar the way. Shunning no perils in his bold advance. Boon nature with allurements charms tho mind. By woods and waters, wilderuessos green. Where leafy bowers eudrape the tufted groves. Where verdurous slopes ami valloys intervene. In the far south where orange orchards spread Aud waves are gemm'd by many a mangrovo isle. Where twisting vines their garlands interweavo. And flowery blooms in all the regions smile. There o'er the limpid surface swarm the fish. The giant tarpon cleaves the salty brine. The channel bass and shoenshead lurk in deeps. And swift cavalles and pompanos shine There is sumptuous pastime for his art, V:th rod and lino so dear to angler's heart. He lov es to saunter by tho ocean shore. To mark the boiling surfs, the yeasty foam. To view tho rippling billows as they flash. Tho crested breakers o'er the stirfaco comb; Tis there in boat he skims across tho wave. Casts line for bluofish or the sable bass. For Spanish mackerel or the bright squatoague In waters rough, or limpid clear as glass. In nature's realms, by seaside or by woods He loves her well in all capricious moods. Ibaac McLzixax. COUNTY T01V.V XOTES. Iiltcrcstinc Items of r - n'cw Conccrstius' Our Near IVeiuliIior. The staid residents of Blythobourno were very much annoyed on last Monday night by the incessant rackot, and noise of tho firing ofTof canon and tlie explosion of giant firecrackers. The so called fun began earb in the evening .and could hardly be attributed a celebration of the Fourth, which was fully twelve hours off. It appears that tho Boys' club of Blythebourno, under the guidance, or rather tho misguidance of their loader. Lea E. Guilford, who is old enough to know better, wero tho authors of the unpleasantness. They went around the village, stopping on the lawns and under the windows of various residents and proceeded to make night hideous and sleep impossible with their noise and yelling, until the exasperatod household would threaten to throw hot water on them or something much worse. Tho gang gathered under the windows of Mr. George E. Bailey, on Fifty - sixth street, and carried on until Frank aud C harlcs, the two sons, threatened them with a thrashing, at which they became frightened and ran away. In the morning the lawn was found to bo littered with exploded crackers of all sizes, wadding, etc., and hoios were torn in the turf where whole packs of the crackers had been set ofT. The glorious Fourth was spent in various useful ways by Blytheuournites. Many took advantage of the holiday to work around their homes, beautifying them in VHriousways. As a result of this Mr. Frank Hopkins, on Fifty - fifth street, has a handsomely painted fence, which improves his place immeasurably, and he worked like a good fellow to finish it. Mr. J. R. Harrison weeded his garden industriously, improving the appearance thereof wonderfully. But tho marked improvement of his garden was made at the expense of tho appoar - ance of the street, where he dumped all the trash and refuse, much to the disgust of his neighbors. Mr. John C. Kunkel came home early and attempted to dig the plantain roots out of his lawn, but, inasmuch as the plantains have about driven the gra3s out, he saw that if he dug them out he would have nothing at all left, bo he stopped. Mr. Kunkel's house, by tho way, looks very handsome in its new coat of paint and is a credit to the block. Mr. Adolph Nelson busied himself about his pretty place on Fifty - fifth street, which, by the way, is one of the prettiest and best kept places iu the village, and shows the result of his constant care. Mr. Nelson, though a veteran of the lato war, has gotten all over his desire to tramp arouud in uniform on the Fourth and stays at home like a well ordered citizen. Mr. Theodore A. Bailey purchased a handsome new flag and flew the same from his front porch. He put up the pole by the sweat of his brow and nearly kicked over the step ladder, but he got thero just the same, and the llag looked fine. Kay's now hall at Blythebourne was surmounted by a handsome white flag all day long on the Fourth. The flag looked the emblem of purity with tho exception of the lettering thereon advertising the hall's owner, which occasioned not a little criticism throughout the village. Of all daj - 3 in the year it was felt that Mr. Kay should have had tho Stars and Stripss floating from that flagstaff, but there's no accounting for taste. Mr. and Mrs. Grant E. Hamilton of Mapleton returned last week from a ten days' trip to the world fair at Chicago. They wore in the Windy City during the terrible hot spell a short time since uinl were glad enough to get back to cool and quiet Mapleton. Mr. Hamilton tells a little story about tho immensity of the fair which speaks for itself. Said he: "It is simply impossible for anyone to take in the whole business and view each exhibit as they would like to do. I saw it figured out in a Chicago newspaper that if a man were to visit the fair six days a week, putting in ten hours a day and should spend ten minutes looking at each exhibit as numbered in the catalogue, it would take him soven years to see the whole thing. The only tiling for a person to do, with only a few days at his disposal, is to try and see the principal and most important exhibits and he will have to systematize his movements pretty well or he won't even he able to do that much." Elisha T. Schwilk of Mapleton went up to Schenectaday, N. Yr last week to attend the commeucemont exercises of Union college. Mr. Schwilk is an alumnus of Union aud takes a great deal of interest in his alma mater. Mr. Samuel G. Esterbrook of Blythebourno distinguished himself at the Fourtii of July sports at tho New Utrecht club. Ho won the first prize of the egg and spoon race, consisting of a handsome alligator hand sachel. He came in second in tho fifty yard dash, the potato race and the sack race, completing his heat in each instauce. Mrs. Esterbrook won the women's prize for best bowling at the cluo alloys last Wednesday. It was a pretty majolica vase, which had been contributed by Mrs. John Pottier. Mr. Esterbrook is an enthusiastic club man, but when it comes to bowling he is "not in it" with his wife. One of the most flourishing councils of the Royal Arcanum in the county towns is the Blythebourno council, of which Mr. Josiah Perkius is regent. Little by little the council has in one way or another recommended itself to the residents of the village and it is building up steadily aud is a credit to tho place. Regout Perkins is a hard and enthusiastic worker and he is making great efforts to enlarge the membership of the couucil. The character of the entertainment given by the council in Kay's hall some weeks ago. which was one of the nicest and most refined that ever came in the town, shows what kind of material the membership is made of and what an acquisition to Blythebourne the order is. Mr. Hiram P. Bates is building a handsome house on Fifty - fourth street, noar Fifteenth avenue. Mr. Bates is an example of what a man can do with a little money and good common business sense. lie came to Blythebourne about four years ago, buying a house on Fifty - sixth street with a very small cash payment. Two years ago he sold it at a fair profit and built another on Fifty - fifth street. Two months ago he sold that and is uow putting up the Fifty - fourth streot house. During all this time Mr. Bates has had his rent virtually free and has also made a profit on his sales. His neighbors pre dict a real estate future for him and ho certainly is deserving of all he gets. Mr. John C. Kunkel was brought home quite ill from the office last Wednesday afternoon and was confined to his bed for two days. It is thought that he worked too hard around his place in the hot un on the Fourth. It would be bard to imagine anything more misleading than the sensational and exaggerated account in the New York morning papers of last 1 hursday of tho damage done to Souie's Avon Beach pier at Bath Beach on Wednesday night. l nere was quite a number or people on the pier when the storm broke and they all run to the pavilion for shelter. Tho heavy wind caught the canvas awning and tho light framework on which it was built and tore the wholo business away, throwing it into the bay. together with some chairs and tables and a number of lamp: which were suspended from the arches. Nobody was hurt, the fire department was not called out. the police force did not rush to the scene of desolation and keep back tho crowds, because tne crowds were wanting in tho first place; the pier, structurally, was not shaken in the slight est. Proprietor Soule was not struck either by lightning or flying timbers. The paper which stated that several persons had been blown into the water and searching parties were patroiiug the beach on tlie lookout for corpses has become the laughing stock of the town. The damage done is estimated to be nearer 300 than 3,000, as was reported. Mr. Soule, who is a very nervous man, with a tendency toward heart trouble, was very much shocked at the damago done his place and had to be placed under tho doctor's care. The general opinion of Bath Beachers is that snch things are bad enough without having a newspaper mako it appear worse than it really is. Young Walter Connolly, tho II! year old boy who fell from a West End train into the big terminal cut at city line, at midnight on the 4th, died the next morning at 4 o'clock. He had sustained internal injuries as well us having his spine badly hurt and breaking his right arm. Practically the boy has no one to blame but himself, for he was walking along the outside platform and lost his hold. Conductor Brownell says there was plenty of room in the car and there was no necessity for him to leave his seat. The other side is that if there had been a railing on the bridge the accident would not have happened. The Eagle has called attention to the necessity of a railing at this spot several times. It was at this same spot that United States Marshal Daniel Lake fell from tho train and died from injuries reoeived. It is generally believed the road will save money in law suits by the erection of a railing across that little bridge. On next Tuesday afternoon, at 3 o'clock, the New Utrecht town board will consider in public meeting at the town hall, the question of opening Sixty - sixth streot from about Seventh avenue through to the bay. This is at the request of Austin Corbin and' Mr. Furgueson's alacrity in obeying the behests of tho railroad magnate as compared with the slack way in which he has handled the Sixty - fifth street opening, for which the people have been striving for years, has been bitterly criticised. The townspeople do not hesitate to express their unfavorable opinion of this Sixty - sixth street scheme which, at its very best, will be one of tremendous expense to abutting property holders, but they also say that if the citizens and tnxpaj - ers of tho town had such a ready, willing and obodient servant in their supervisor, as Mr. Corbin has in the same individual, there would he less cause for complaint throughout tho length aud breadth of the town than there is at the present time. General satisfaction prevails among tho citizen? of Flatbtish of all shades of politics over the appointment of Major Alfred E. Steers, to fill out tlie unexpired term of Justice of tho Peace liornkamp, decoased. Major Steers is one of the most, popular men in the town. Ho was also a close friend of the late Judge Bornkamp. The general wonder is that Supervisor Lynani did not have himself appointed to fill the office an ho did in the office or police commissioner. It is not generally believed that Mr. Lynam will bravo the storms of another election, and that he is securing everything in sight in order to keep himself in power as long as he can. The six extra policemen have been appointed on tho Flatbush force. They are Joseph Murtha. Michael Kerens, John Fallon, Joseph Murphy - Benjamin Beuuett and John Rutherford. Those would be candidates who practiced the step up and down Flatbush avenue are now very much down in the mouth because of their non appointment. Captain Keisor's good judgment and affability increases with his responsibilities. He is an excellent chief officer in every sense of tho word, and tho boys in blue always know where to find him. The captain is a man of few words, a strict disciplinarian, but a kindly heart withal, and is very popular with the people of Flatbush. He has good men under him also. Hale, hearty and good uatured Sergeants Gillen and O'Brien are as fine specimens of good fellows that one could wish to meet with. Detective James Doherty also comes in for a share of the praise which naturally accrues to such an excellent force. Jim, as ho is familiarly called, has an Irish bluo oye, with a merry twinkle therein, and tlie usual amount of quick wit that is characteristic of his race. He is the Inspector Byrnes of Flatbush, and the thiof that escapes him has got to bo a rapid mover. Taken ali in all. the Flatbush forco is composed of about as fine a lot of men as can be seen anywhere and compare very favorably with those of New York or this city. One of the best men on the Flatlands police force is Officer Tice, who is stationed at Canarsie shore. Tice is a handsome fellow who does his duty by everybody. No man can ever say of him that he didn't receive a fair show at his hands if ho happened to get into a little trouble down at the shore. Tice isn't looking for trouble with any man and gives a man all the chance in the world before he arrests him. Two of tiie best known and most popular men at the shore in Canarsie are Richard Jones of Kings hotel and William Kaiser, who runs the Club house. They are both royal entertainers who know how to treat their friends in the best possible style and take pleasure in doing it. They both have been coming to the shore in the summer season for several years and count their friends by the hundreds. HEBREW PROGRESSIVE SOCIETY Held Their Annual Picnic View Park. at Bay The people who journeyed from the confines of the city to Bay Ridge, Wednesday evening, in order to attend the picnic of the Progressive Hebrew society, did not have good luck in their transit. Owing to obstructions on Third avenue. all cars which should have traveled there wero switched off to Second avenue. This avenue, in its present condition, would disgrace a newborn town on the plains. Its pavement is complete ly out of sight aud sound. There is nothing but car tracks to denote its character. otherwise it would be mistaken for a slice of the desert Sahara. The thunder shower made this street of sand and the intersecting streets which have lately' been cut through equally impassable, except to persons owning stilts or long topped rubber boots. Still the passengers for Bay View park were put off at Second avenue and Fifty - ninth street, and from thence they made their way as best they might through the pitchy darkness, over a road that abounded in muddy pools of water, small hillocks, isolated boulders and loose stones, to Third avenue. After they got to Bay View park, however, they forgot tho trials to which they had been sub jected in transit and gave themselves up to the enjoyinont of the evening. Dancing was the prime amusement. Among those who enjoyed this fascinating diversion in the huge pavilion wero Mr. and Misses Zimmons. Mr. and Miss Crane, Misses Newman, A. Wellman, Benjamin Black, J. Kaiser, L. Rosenberg, Joseph Krone, Miss Rees of Philadelphia. Mr. ' and Mrs. Max Levy, Mrs. Weinberg and Miss Weinberg Nathaniel Jacobs of Froeport, Miss Hartman of Boston, J. A - Ames and Miss Ames, Max Whittlefied, Miss Whittlefied, Mr. and Mrs. Peter Morris, Mr. and Mrs. George Dressier, Mr. and Mrs. Lipman Woolf, B. Pinkers, Miss Pinkers, Z. Gander. Miss Cander, J. Barnett, Miss Phillips, G. B. Cohen, Miss Cohen, I. Frank, Miss Sadie Frank, Miss Fleishman of Chicago. Miss Gold smith, H. Phillips, Jacob Lane. Samuel Kalisch, I. Ostrom, II. Hertzog, D. Simons, S. E. Jacobs, Mrs. Sellar and daughters, Henry Berliner, Miss Furth. Simon Berliner and sisters, J. Folkart, Miss Ray Marks of New York, 1L Wolf. Miss Moss, Mrs. Newman, Miss Dora Newman, B. Wirthein, Miss B. Peiser, Mr. and Mrs Abraham Krone. The officers and committees who were in charge are as follows: Frederick Simmonds president; Peter Krone, vice president: Miss Kalishcr, second vice president; Benjamin Bach, treasurer; Alexander Levy, recording secretary; Miss Bella Simmonds, financial secretary: Alexander Yellmau, Abe Levy, George B. Cohen. J. Franklin, Moss Shannon, Misses B. Levison, Clara Celler, Sadie Frank, and A. Weinberg. Reception committee Henry Berliner, chairman; Bernard Druben, Uriah Harris. Michael Miller, Bernard Kurtz. J Levine. Joseph Lyons, Isaac Weinberg, Samuel Brown and Moe Morris. Com mittee of arrangements George B. Cohen, chairman; Alexander Levy, George G. Obst, Abe Levy and Benjamin Bach. DANCING IS THE OPEN AIR. The Robert IV. IJyrne Association had a. Picnic. Tuesday afternoon aud evening, Atlantic park corner Ralph avenue ami Prospect place, was crowded with the members anil friends of the Robert W. Byrne association. It was the annual picnic of this society, and to judge from the at tendance, it was eminently successful. The heat of the day did not make the slightest difference in tho vim with which dancing in a variety of forms was prosecuted. The huge pavilion was appropriately decorated with the colors of the nation, and about every other piece of dance music, was a variation on a national patriotic melody. Outside, under the trees, the benches became thickly peopled as soon as the music stopped, and the amber colored fluid of refresh ment was circulated as - freely as the dimensions of purses wouid permit. The officers of tho society are: James J. Prin - derville. president; Richard F. Dowdall. first vice president; John J. Milos. second vice president Henry T. Kelly, financial secretary; Michael J. Murtha, recording secretary; John T. Curley. corresponding secretary; John J. Murphy, treas urer; Matthew Carragher, sergeant at arms And these wero tho committees: Floor commit - ice .josepu n. uyrne, cnainnan; jouu aiurpny, Henry Kelly, Tony German, John Grey, Joseph Murphy. Reception committee Michael J Murtha, Peter O'Connor, Dennis Buggy, William McGibney, Matthew Carragher, John T. Curley. .fames J. Prinderville was floor manager and he was assisted by Richard F. Dowdall and John J. Miles. AX OLD SPAXfSH SADDLE. In a certain shop on State street. Santa Bar bara, may be seen a curious old saddle that once belonged to Don Jose de la Guerra y Noriega comniHiidaute of the iroops at Santa Barbara under the authority of Mexico. Tho saddle. which had become so worn as to be discarded by the general beforo 1840. was made in Mexico in the stylo then in vogue, though it was given a distinctive characteristic in the high pommel. which represents a diminutive human head made of rawhide stretched over wood. The ears are high up near tho forehead, which gives the figure a decidedly grotesque appearance; the open lips roveal two rows of tiny white teeth, but where tho eyes once were only empty sockets remain and tho hair, which was represented by open workj silver, has disappeared, as has also tho silver ornaments which decorated the cantle Ihe stirrups, too, are missing, but its chief beauty, tho mochilla. still remains in a fair state of preservation. California. "I have a notion to poke you in the face." said the boy to the banana. "What face?" asked tno banana. . "My laoe," said the boy. Indian apons journal. GROWTH OF THE SCHOOLS Their Development in the Last Decade. Brooklyn ites Had Rood Reason to Feel Hortl - fletl Over the Failure ot the City Authorities to rtave the System of Public Instruction Represented at tho World Fair Figures Which Show the Strides .Hade in the Educational Department. If any pang of regrot found its way to the hearts of Brooklynites at Chicago on tho day when the recent groat festival at the world fair was given in their honor, it could not have been more keen than that which followed their inspection of the public school exhibit from this city Brooklynites are justly proud of their public school system. It is their claim that it is equaled by few cities in the country and inferior to none. The exhibit was not worthy of the name. It consisted of a few statistical tables compiled by the superintendent of public instruction, William H. Maxwell, showing the growth of the school system in a period of years. It was placed in contrast with nicely arranged and classified exhibits from other cities of. far less importance than Brooklyn and whose public schools could boast nothing like the degree of excellence, and it was so insignificant as to be almost totally ignored. A few pages of figures had to take the place of volumes of specimens of the work of the Brooklyn school pupils in all the studies which make up the years of the oourse, albums of photographs of the handsome new school buildings with which the city is so liberally supplied, copies of the courses of studies, and the like. Some of the witnesses of this humiliating spectacle are said to have reverted mentally to the time when the aldermen who declined to appropriate a paltry 5,000. for tho school oxhibit. blew in $50, - 000 for a Columbian celebration :aud secured a crop of indictments as tho result. They also recalled witn gratitude the efforts, unavailing though they were, of the members of the board of education and Superintendent Maxwell to secure tho funds which the city fathers would not yield. It was the verdict of such spectators that Brooklyn had failed in tha important duty of exhibiting, in a congress of education to which tho wholo world contributed, that which might be of great value to all the other parties concerned. Members of the board of education say that, while Mr. Maxwell's statistics are well enough in their way, they tell the outside world little or nothing of the condition of efficiency of the Brooklyn schools as they stand in life. The development of the public school system, they contend, despite the constant outcry for iucreased school accommodations, has more than kept pace with the rapid growth of tho city in the last decade. Superintendent Maxwell's last annual report contains tlie following: The increase in the rogister of pupils and in the number of new classes organized in grammar and in primary grades, respectively, is displayed in the following table: 53 e - ffl 5S t - e - ja !?? er cr :. z. u : 2 Grammar grade. d s.3 : B 'irst 87; 1. ! 34 39 40: 30 t!7 70 1.2S8 1,72 IJ '.'.018 2,597 a,:j41 4.270 5,120 0.254 Seco - id... Third i.ai8i 1.485j fi.44Ul Fourtn... Filth Sixth Sarenth . 3,U3a 4.440 4.880 ioa 108 EiRbtb... Total 1,H8SI 50o2().G29 0.941i 104 Primary grade. First Second 4,870! 5.2251 5.0411 0.143; 7,74o 100' 0.854 97! 7.517 951 8.408 1)8. 9.037 "oii!o - joiu;. ieo:io,iaii 060?07,4t7 144 157 108 170 178 100 - 217i 1,045 2'.707 Third ronrta... . 2,804 ifth i Sixth i 14,2681 Seventh. ..113.0181 Total 43,251; J.,230 I 1,929 :24,108;570 All sohooli, 02,039: 1,105.04.040 131,1071704 During the past year the total increase in the number of classes was 94. The number of ad ditional grammar classes was 3o; ot primary classes, 59. During the lost ten years the total increase in the number of classes was 764. The number of additional grammar classes was 194; of primary classes, 570. These figures do not include the classes in the high schools, nor those for pupil teachers in the training school. In the following table is exhibited the number of pupils graduated from the grammar schools each year since the establishment of the Central school, which has since developed into the girls high Bchool and the boys' high school: Years. Boys. Girls. I Total. 1878 , 1870 04 1881) 1SK1 18N2 1883 1884 1885 18S0 349 413 508 1 440; 372 1887 1888 1880 18UU 1801 1802 Fifteen years. . 031 710 741 5.453 The following table shows the number of grad uates from the grammar schools who have en tered on high school work since what was called the central grammar school was established and the number who graduated each year: 45 413 57 420 HI 800 75 1,112 84 802 110 1,241 125 080 142 1,374 I CU0 I ! 3541 448 140 278 418 130 352 482 1401 308! 508 120 34S 474 172' 359 531 272! SON, 780 030 985 704 1,177 780 1,288 7271 1,173 858 1.430 !3I LOUT 1.020 1,745 1.113 1.854 0,407! 14.860 Number admitted. Number graduated. n 1 Years. j Regular course, l Boys. Giria. Total. A i Z. lBoja.;Bor. Olrln. Total. 1878.. 133: 528 041 187'.).. 781 251 329 188C. 58 2S2 340 18Sf.. 78 272 3.j0 1882.. 52 250 311 1883.. 97 24S 345 1884.. 174 305 500 1885.. 208 451 050 1880.. 27!) 525 80 1S87.. 2! - 8 5I!2 8110 18SS.. 2451 502 8071 1880.. :iuo; u;i - 080 1890.. 447 843 1.200 1801.. 525 893 1,418 ltiU - J.j. 437! 748 1.185 Totai..: 38 7.400i .10.SS8i 20 85 105 23 108 19 1 23 1 80 81 44' .15 l:9 154 5. - .I 13 153 100 105 18 173 101 00 33 188 221 I 42 185 227 44 1 147 147 47, 10 150 109 fti 19 220 24' 391 25 207 232 5oM 151 198 213 3341 2,1081 2,34! The Training School for Teachers, established in 1885, has made graduations as follows: 18S0 1SS7 18S8 1889 1890 ... 48 ... 03 1 ... 47: ... 5U! ... 31 I 1.891.. 1892.. The value of the training afforded tho pupils of the girls high school as a preparation for pos - itions as teachers is shown by Mr. Maxwell in this table, which exhibits the results of the ex aminations of pupils for teachers' probationary certificates during the last ten years: ?3 Date of examination. : o . a q May. 1SS2 S - eytombL - r, 1882 January. 1883 Marc.i, 18S3 .September, 1883 December. 1883 March, 1 884 September, 1884 December, 1884 March, 1885 September, 1885 December. 1 885 March. 1880 September, 1880 December, 1 SS0 March. lhS7 September. 1887 December, 1887 March. 1888 Sopteruber, 188S December. 1888 Maruh, 1889 September. 3 889 Decemoer, 18S9 Maroh, 1890 September, 1800 December, 1890 March, 1801 September, 1891..... December, 1&91 March. 18U2 September, 1802 December, 1802 Totals 91 0, 15 13 29 191 48 44 17' 9 20 17 5 - fl 17 81 70 47 i) 50 49 01 4 10 4 44. l:l 57. 54 031 20 92 81 Ihi 22 40 13 421 37 7!) 02 54 45 99 80 28 14 42 13 43' 10 53 30 SO 37 117 109 25 17 42 10 81 17 98 80 3T 45 82 08 20 7 33 12 09 17, 80 - 7(i 30 30 09 50 13 15 28 4 2tf 17 43 28 00 41 101 88 33 10 40 14 981 18 110 101 47 44 01 73 21 3i 54 14 54 55 100 84 72 44 110 80 22 35 57 13 00 30 105 72 10 30 01 70 55 22 321 4 .1 1.3911 8101 2,2071 2.588 The following table shows the ratio of the increase in the somber of .class teachers employed to the increase in the number of pupils during: the last ton years: - 3 Years. Ratio, 9 - S. 1882 1883 1SK4 1885 1880 03.485 fi5.;S2 08.420 69.083 71.07H 75.290 78.070 83.844 2.197i 2.297 2.0381 1.2031 2.200 3,31 1 i 3,080) J.N74 2.580 4.490 5.152 1,184 1,23 - i l,' - '0" 1,331 1.425 9:1 to 244 54 1 to 42 27!lto98 fillll to 19 94 1 to 24 10.Tlto32 89'lto 41 138 1 to 35 71 1 to3 80 1 to 53 S8il to 58 1887 1SSS 1889 1890 1891 1802 1,528' 1.7o.n 1,820 1,9)21 2.0001 80,433 !KI,l.;v 90.054 In no year sinco 1S84 wire so few teachers ap pointed, in proportion to tho increase in th number of pupils, as in last year. EIGHTH WARD IMPROVEMENTS. Lands Recovered From tiie Sea Lively Prospects for the Future. The improvements that are now in hand and rapidly drawing toward completion in the south ern section of the cityin an area of territory that maybe described as lying within Fifth avenue and Gowanus bay, and Twonty - third and Sixty - seventh streets, are of much groater importance and value to the f uturo of Brooklyn than those whose capital is invested therein think. Two of these improvements are the filling in of Gowanus bay, thus recovering from tide water many hundreds of acres of land, and the extension of tht)' Fifth avenue Elevatod railroad of the Brooklyn company from the present terminus at Thirty ninth street to Sixty - seventh street and Third avenue. This it is intended to have completed up to Sixty - seventh street and in operation be fore the end of August. As for the recovery from the bay of many blocks of ground, it may be said that within tho , past ten yoars the tide laved the shores of the Eighth ward along Third avenue from the vicin - ty of Twenty - eighth to Thirty - ninth street, ex cept where a bluff or rise of ground prevented its , further invasion, leaving, however, very much of the ground in marsh. This bluff, which project - ed well into the bay, was known as a pilot mark. The promontory has been levelod or nearly so and with vast quantities of earth taken from the high grounds which extend southwardly from Third avenue, and so continuing to the extreme end of the island at the Narrows, thrown into the water, thus grading tho whole to a level with tho avenue. This is now suitable for building purposes. By converting a vast area of sunken into dry laud Second avenue has been made a realty, and west of that thoroughfare docks have been built to the ultimate shore line as laid down in the official surveys of the city. These, in time, possibly within the next decade, will also offer dry land suitable for every useful demand. When the shallows of Gowanus bay are entirely "lifted" tho waterway to the Gowanus canal may be so narrowed that it will be simply regarded as an extension into deeper water of that ditch which, while it serves as an excellent avenue for commerce is, nevertheless, denounced as a nuisance detrimental to the public health. The filling in and utilizing of tho shores of Gowanus bay, which at low tide presented an extended plain of mud is regarded as useful to health as it is necessary to business - has had tho effect of measurably encroaching upon the beauty of the great sheet of water which forms the bay of Now York. Th ore is a vast area of ground to be recovered from the ever recurring invasions of the tides on the Long Island side of it. In time this area will become so valuable that it will be raised out of the depths and used. , The other leading improvement not forgetting that there are many minor ones in progress, involving the outlay offmuch capital and the large employment of labor is the extension already mentioned of the elevated road along Third ave. nue. This undertaking was begun late lost au tumn. Work began at Fortieth street and thus far has reached Fiftj' - eighth street. When the work is carried to Sixty - seventh street the road will be continued from Fifth avenue through Fortieth street and joined to the newly put up extension on Third avenue. In order to facilitate work on the elevated extension the trolly cars of the Third avenue are now carried down Thirty - ninth street to Second avenue, and. on reaching Sixty - fifth street, taken to Third aveuue and thence continued, without further interruption, to Fort Hamilton. In the morning and evening of each day, however, be fore the builders of tne L road commence their labors and when they leave off at night, the trolly road is used from end to end of the line without further diversion of route. It is also operated all ot every Sunday. To - day the pleasure seeker may take a seat in an open trolley car at Fulton ferry, and within the hour find himself looking from the defenses at Fort Hamilton into the narrows, across them to Staten Island, out oceanward, intent upon tho bay and all the splendid scenery that surrounds it, even to the metropolis and the palisades, and in another hour he can. if he so wills, find himself in the place from whence he started, having enjoyed a really delightful, as well as varied, jaunt in town and country. All this he can command at the cost of one - fifth of a dollar. A. year hence he will be enabled to make the same trip, starting from the same point on the Fifth avenue elevated, in oue - half the time and at an expenditure of 10 cents. From the elevated road he will have a better view of the scenery, including land and water, and, if the temperature be at the sultry point, he will enjoy the cooling breezes that sweep in from the sea. A year henco and the visitor of to - day to South Brooklyn will note wonderful changes. Ho will find lands that are now vacant covered with dwellings and factories, broken aud uneven and uninviting paths transformed into broad avenues lined with stores and people in them. Buildings are going up with great rapidity not singly or rarely so, but by blocks. It looks now, and there is no reason to question the averment, that in another decade in 1903 Third avenue, like its namesake of New York, will be lined with stores, dwellings, factories, churches, school buildings, publio halls, etc., from its first street number, at Flatbush avenue, to the roadway which to - day skirts tha high lands at the narrows. HARMONIC SINGING CLUB. A musical Picnic aud Festival at Loh niann's Purls. The Fourth was celebrated by the Harmonio Singing club in a big picnic to Lohmann's park, at Liberty avenue and Wynona street. The members did not go alone. They brought numerous friends with them and the crowd at the park was further swelled by representatives from other German societies, among them th Concordia, the Eichenkranz, Concordia quartet, tho Bismarck Maennerchor, the Arion Electrio Musical association. East Brooklyn quartet, the Washington guards and tho Rauthwentner Musi, cal society. It did not take the picnickers long to feel at home after their arrival on the grounds. Huge lunch baskets suggested far from meager appetites and the quantity of beer which was seen on the big brewery carts pointed to perennial streams to quench parched throats. A picnic wonld not be suoh without dancing, and this sport was enjoyed by most of the young people. The older ones and tho very young singers were satisfied with swings, carrousels and the other attractions. The officers of the society in charge were: William Bush, president; Bheinhold Parton. vice president; Paul Fibigh, secretary; Peter Hess, treas. urer; Valentine Sheerer, financial secretary. Present among others were Miss K. Solicits, Miss Julia Frank, H. F. Meyer. Miss B. Musky, W. Friedaut. Miss Lizzie Bocht, Mr. and Mrs. F. Gabriel. Henry Freeman, d. Altonberg, Miss Sophia Wholer, L. Rhonao, William A Graldehunl;. Miss A. Meyer. Miss O. Lees. Charles Lees, Max Jahnig. Miss Ottilli Raschdorf. Mr. and Mrs. Richter Rascbdorf, Frank Ott. Johu Kapp,Lee Kapp. Miss E. Abrahams, C. Perry. Miss Davenport, A. Scott, Miss JI Welch, L. Rhodes, Miss Ranold. Frank De - laney. Miss Nellie Doran, Frederick Armback, Louis L. llopp. Sergeant L. Earl, Miss Frances Moyer, Miss Christina Meyer, John Seymour, Miss Sophia Sutter, Samuel Price, Gustavun Paget. Miss Nellie Cordnian, George Hey ward. Miss Nellie Heisinger Louis Rhodes. Charles ' Welgcr, Jacob Hahn, Miss Gussie Marr. Martin - Van Sic klin. Miss Mamie Ryan, Frank Witt, Miss Annie Schmidt, Mi6s R. Henselhauer. Miss Jennie Wallace, George McDovitt, Miss Snsan Baker, Frederick Aurbage, Miss Mollie Schmidt, Charles Donniger, Miss Laubenberger, John Richard, F rederick Muster. A PATRIOTIC CELEBRATION. Tlie Andrew Jackwu Club's Perform aucckon the Fourlhi The Andrew Jackson club house, at 899 Kent avenuo. was the scene of much patriotic celebration on the afternoon and evening of the Fonrth. A string band had been engaged to supply appropriate music and, while the orchestra was quiet a number of well known men wore speaking, among them Patrick E. Callahan and John Maguire. BeBide the orchestra musio, Messrs. Michael J. and William Fitzpatrick sang solos, and Michael Lyon rendered a selection on a violin. After the speeches the audience' joined in singing "The Star Spangled Banner.'' - During the evening an elaborate pyrotechnio display occurred in front of the club homo. : - : r ; (

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