The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York on August 13, 1899 · Page 16
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The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York · Page 16

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Sunday, August 13, 1899
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16 bill would have gone Into effect, but for the burlap bundles Is five feet high. Then the Act that the city had no other provision made i frames with their burlap covered matter are for Its garbage. Governor Roosevelt then said ! run under the presses and the garbage is sub - t he would 'approve a similar bill at the next j Jectcd to a pressure of 250 tons. The matter session. He has visited the island and says lie , is allowed to stay in the presses for about an knows the factories are a nuisance. And j hour, in which time it is pressed down to a Thomas Collier Piatt, whose word is law, says thickness of a foot and a half and all the liquid 'that the utilization plants must be abolished, j and oil properties are forced out Into the re - He said last week that, the next Legislature ! eelving gutters beneath the presses and car - 'must pass a bill doing away with the ill - riei int0 ten settling tanks six feet deep and smelling plants. He is determined, for the i covering an area of 70 by 20 feet. The oil and maloaors have marred the pleasure ot m: Bummer at Manhattan Beach. A close Investigation of the method.? em - ' ployed in handling the garbage shows that - the best sanitary regulations are kept in force and that the odors are not such a nuisance as some claim. Still there is enough of the bad smells to make anyone wish for a better method of disposing of the refuse. The worst of the odors come from the scows that carry the refuse to the island. Indeed, it Is from these vessels with their loads that most Cf the bad odors from Barren Island come. Thirty scows are used in carrying the conglomerated mass of refuse from the several different dumping docks scattered along the water front. The employes of the city gather the garbage and cart it to the docks, where it Is dumped in'o the scows of the New York Utilization Company. There the work of the Utilization Company begins. When the city's employes have filled two or three of the big .scows the tugs of the Utilization Company take the loaded scows in tow and the trip out The Proposed Catholic Church at Barren Island. to Barren Island begins. It is a slow voyage and one that is not enjoyed by the people who live along the shore near where the scows pass. The garbage that has been so freshly stirred is at this time most active in giving forth nauseous odors and the bayside Inhabitants always get a good whiff of the ill smelling matter. Usually the scows are " carried out at a time when the odors will give least offense to those living near the shore, but there are always many persons awake to suffer from the sickening scents. The utillza - "tlon company makes every possible provision against the spread of the odors. Before the scows leave the dumps the loads are sprayed With a deodorizer called electrozone, but it is impossible to destroy the odor. When the scows tie up at the Barren Island docks in front of the two factories the garb age is again disinfected with electrozone. ' Twenty - seven hundred gallons of this disinfectant are manufactured every day at the electrozone plant on the island. As many men as can conveniently work on the scows Jump aboard as soon as they are tied up and the work of unloading proceeds with wonderful dispatch. Each of the two factories is equipped with two of the elevators or conveyors manufactured especially for the purpose of lifting the garbage from the scows to the top of the plant, where it is reduced to a valuable commercial product. The elevators are cantilever structures and the garbage is raised in buckets thickly strung on the big belt. The lower end of 'he elevators are projected across the scows and the men with pitchforks throw the garbage into the buckets. The belt runs slowly and seems to carry but little, but the capacity of the four elevators is 2,000 tons a day. Six of the scows can be unloaded UPPER VIEW OF In twelve hours, and as there are only an average of five scows a day. it is possible for the plant to handle four times us much garbage as Is now produced by the city. The upper end of the elevator belt is directly over the mouth o the basins or bins and the refuse in the elevator buckets is dumped into theEe basins. From the first receptacle the garbage is conveyed through large pipes into digestors, or huge boilers. There are forty - eight of these digestors to each of the two plants. They ;ire cylindrical tanks ol" plate steel and stand uprijdn on the strong trestle work that rises high above the cround. The digestors are IS feet bijeh anil ei - j leei in diameter. The ends are tapering, the mouths being covered by st.nni tii - )n. covers. The bottoms of Hie digestors taper down ami terminate in short length. - ; of pipe that ha - furnished with stop valves. When ihe dig - s - tors havo been Ailed with garbage the tups are hermetically sealed and steam is lurtied on from the bottom through the valves. It is kept at a fifty pound pressure fur from ten to twelve hours and the garbage in the - ili - gestor is kept constantly agitated. This Ituig period of cooking thoroughly disintegrates the garbage ami reduces it to the consistency of malUKseo. tun with considerable pulp. The color of the digested garbage is almost black and has a dirty greasy appearance. The cooking process destroys every germ In the festered garbage and removes all danger of the germination of the disease. There are - twelve big storage tanks under the digestors to receive the matter after it has passed through the digesters. The product of teiir digestors Is dropped Into each of thc - e storage tanks and through a curved delivery pipe in. the outside of the tank is carried downward and unloaded o:i the press ilat - ii. - ihat :;. supported on trolley like ,'taims which ..;, be run under the mouths of the delivery pipes with ease. Upon the press platen Is carried an outer frame or mold covered with thick burlap. The mouth of the pipe is opened - and enough digested matte: i, ,(,, or mold is lowered into the burlap. Then the burlap Is folded over the top of the mushy mass and covered with a kind of wooden rack half an inch thick. Then another mold with another fold of burlap is placed on top of this and the operation Is repeated until the pile o grease Boon rises to the surface and is skimmed off and put into catch basins, from where it is pumped into an im - menso storage tank and kept until it is pumped into the barrels for shipment. The residuum of matter left 111 the settling tanks is not all water, but Is largely composed of very fine particles of nitrogenous matter. This matter mixed with the water is of the color and consistency of black molasses and has the same sticky feeling and odor, due to the fact that it contains all the caramel and saccharine substance from the vegetable matter In the garbage. Stick is the name given to this syrupy mass. It is run into evaporators and the water is separated from the vegetable matter. This is then carried into the drying apartment and dried into hard cakes, which are afterward ground Into fine powder. This stick is a valuable fertilizing material. It possesses 14 per cent, of bone phosphate and about the same quantity of ammonia. The solid matter that is left in the burlap sacking after all the oil and water is pressed out is turned over to the strippers and. the burlap is stripped off; the thin cakes of fibrous looking stuff is dried and broken into small pieces at the same time. The big cylinders used for drying contain rotating arms that grind up the cakes into brownish powder called tankage. This tankage, is mixed with the stick and Is used for manufacturing guano. It is not so rich in fertilizing properties as the stick, containing only 10 per cent, of bone phosphate and 3 per cent, of ammonia. Fertilizer is the chief product of the garbage and soap grease comes next. Many tons of soap grease are shipped every month from the Island's factories and the average shipment of fertilizing material is nearly two hundred tons per day. These are not all of the products of this factory, by any means. When the garbage is being carried by the elevating buckets to the digestors eighty men stand along the belt and pick out all the bottles, tin cans, old rags and everything not vegetable. This non - vegetable matter is assorted and utilized. Over toward the'Canarsie side of the island is the tin can factory. There all the old cans go to be molded into articles of daily use. The solder is first melted from the cans and molded into sticks. Then the cans are molded into squares weighing 150 pounds, of a size convenient for handling. These squares are sold to the manufacturers of window sash weights. The old bottles are washed and reused. The dirty rags go to the paper mills and clean white paper is the result. Nothing j is wasted. The garbage plant is fitted up with the best i facilities for consuming the gaseous odors ! that naturally come from the cooked refuse. ; Twelve lare fans aather the eases and odors i into the big dome of the building and the ; gases are then forced into a huge conduit j 50 feet long, 10 l'cet high and S feet in thick - ness. This conduit is full of salt water and I the gases are forced through this water forced through this water by ! a high pressure. All the poisonous properties are reduced to a soluble state and the dis solved gases are carried by an outlet into the sea. The two garbage factories are almost entirely free from bad odors. Considering the material handled there, they are also remarkably clean. Out on the docks, where the garbage iE unloaded, the reeking filth of the refuse is sickening, and it is . a wonder that - - ...i.. , s ..vv - i i s - - II i l nrlB t - a - T 11, J W K;' i S .OVJ - IEl - l I Knt i f I STEAM TIGHT DIGESTERS AT BARREN ISLAND. men can stand kneo deep iu the sloppy stuff. : which gives forth an unbearable ckIoi - to ; one not accustomed to such. Out after It reaches the digestors there is no more odor. , Tile stick and tankage which represent the garbage after it has been through the factory have no unpleasant odor. The soap grease has no more - . - cent than that to be detected in common lard. There is none of the horrible stench that one expects before going into tile factory, and away from the scows where the garbage is seen in its first state there is none of the unek anlincss and filth to be expected. Nearly every wholesale fruit and cnainiissi. - rn district in this country emits ivlurs just as bad. It is from the horse rendering establishment that tile really sickening odors come. There over 12.fu dead horses and l'0;nriu other dead animal are yearly rendered inio iubrl - . eating oils and fc; tilizing material. Despite tile grewsome work done tllere, everything htu, a cleanly appearance exe.pt when the b.id! animals are being skinned and quartered. The scow loads of defunct animals are carried ! out curly in the morning and tied tip at thoj ofial factory dock. Then, as fast as men j can tie ropes to the legs of the animals, they j are hois'. - d up by a derrick and prepared i for cooking. The first, thing done is to cut ! off t'ne tails, whl ho.'sehair furnhur mals are skinned As. far; as this meu put the liors imiie - dlateiy clone eh are iitilU e coverings, and cut up il in niakitis Then the anl - into quarters. i done another squad of into caldrons, which tire and hermetically sealed. in tne cnoKtng rooms, wnero tire - the long i rows of big cylindrical caldrons, t hi odor is sicdutiiiii.'. .Men w.rk laere wlth,,u; appearing to notice It, but li, ;hc hot air it is Par tlellljrly nauseating n is not Inured to the smell. But out ot this cooking room the nialoclor is not in the other departments, after the horse Ilesh has neeu reduced to oil and tankage, the odor Is not r - o bad. The system of separating the oil from the fibrous matter is about the same as is used in the garbage department. The oil Is first sent to a bleacher, where it u bleached from u black molasses color to the clear amber of pure oil. This oil is used for ", P , Vs u ?a,llal,le - I iiuui ouiciiers shOtlS is also reduced here. Glycerine Is one of the products of this factory. It is sold In the state of ' crude oil and is refined to Its commercial state by the manufacturers. The fertilizing material manufactured in the rendering plant far exceeds In value that from the garbage plant. Tne tankage from the horse ilesh has from 11 to 12 per cent, of ammonia and 22 per cent of bone phosphate. The horseflesh has no distinct stick, as the stick is mixed with the offal stick. The stick from the offal contains 22 per cent, of bone phosphate and 17 per cent, of ammonia. The offal tankage has 12 per cent, of bone phosphate and 6 per cent, of ammonia. The rendering factory could handle much more than it now renders. During an epidemic of horse, diseases In 189G, 1,450 dead THE TRESS animals were handled in four days, and in the same year, when the Belt Line stables burned, with 2,"i00 horses, the dead animals were removed and made into oil in three or four days. Thomas F. White, the owner of cnis plant, has invented a horse ambulance which is used in gathering the dead horses and carrying them to the scows. This ambulance is a closed truck that shuts in the odors. It is now in use in all the large cities. The horses are disinfected and covered with' heavy tarpaulins before leaving the city docks. One remarkable feature of the inhabitants Barren Island is that they have absolutely n0 ense of smeI1' Tllere are 800 Persons on island and they are all good average specimens of health. They are never wor - rle" " ustl uuu,!' J,,u leu ,uu lu"L luty never smell anytnmg. A new public .'school building is to be erect - ed on the island by the ciiy. There are over a hundred children of school age, and the present school building, built by private funds, is entirely inadequate. The children are a ragged and dirty lot, such as will be found or. the east side, but none of them seem to suffer from the close proximity to the garbage factories. A physician from the city pays two visits a week to the island, but the illness there is no: great enough to support a doctor, (hough the inhabitants manage to supper; four bar rooms. Two churches are to lie built soon. The islanders already have the churches, but not the buildings. One is an Episcopal and the other a Catholic. Some of the islanders are deeply religious anil services are held every night or two. The houses where the employes of the factory live arc cheap frame structures - and are not overcrowded. They are dirty and repulsive to a decent laborer, but when it is considered that the men cm - ployed there are negroes. Italians, Poles and other low class foreigners the residences do fairly well. The Inhabitants of the island rarely come to Xew York. They are content to live forever in the shadow of the live big factories that handle the most filthy matter in all the world. A little boat called the Fannie .Yic - THE HORSE Front the Water Kane connects the village and Sunday island resort with the fishing i .man - .. . This boat makes desultory visits to the Island and carries supplies and such passengers as have business urgent enough to make - them go to the dreaded island. Barren Island 13 a misnomer for the place. The island is not. barren. It Is covered In some places with a heavy growth of trees and Is thickly clothed in grass. The big crib rfnelrs nf rnelr and the stnnn. n nrl !im,,S! H,' end Of the island gives It a btirreu aspect from passing steamer, but this stone work is all artificial, placed there to keep the island from washing away. Already over half a mile of the Island has gone from the eastern end and the owner is taking every possible precaution against further encroachments of the sea. The island was once famed for Its fertility and farmers from Long Island sent their cattle there to graze for the summer, taking them off in the winter, Mr. Thomas Collier Piatt, who is known as the boss of the present administration, and whose command Is said to be always obeyed, says that this utilization plant must go. "I have been stunk off this veranda and have suffered from the horrible stench from the island ever since I came here," said Mr. ROOM WHERE TEE BOILED GARBAGE IS SENT. Platt as he sat on the veranda of the Oriental Hotel at Manhattan Beach. Mr. Piatt said that Governor Roosevelt was with bin; on the question and that when the Governor visited him at the Oriental that official also studied the scents that came over from the garbage factories, and then and there announced that he would not again mlis. an opportunity of' ridding the city of suoli - a nuisance. The Governor paid a visit to the island this year when the fight was on in the Legislature. He went over the factories and then said he knew of his own experience that Barron Island was a nuisance. When Senator Wagner's bill to abolish the plant, passed the Legislature and went to the Governor for approval lie vetoed il on the ground that the city hnd no other means provided for disposing of the garbage. He then announced that he would sign tile bill at tlie following session unless the nuisance had abated. Anti - Barren Island clubs are formed in all the towns around the island and another bill will be presented at the coming session of the State Legislature asking, for the immediate removal of the garbage plants and rendering works from the island. The question of greatest concern to the city - official; is the manner of disposing of t lie garbage if Barren Island is to be shorn of its factories. Xn provision - has been suggested for ridding i. lie clly of the enormous quantities of garbage that collects daily, and if the next Legislature passes a bill abolishing the present utilization plants the. city will be In a desperate and dangerous situation unless a remedy is quickly suggested and applied. There is already on the statue books a law forbidding the dumping of garbage at sea, where the tides can throw it bade on the beaches. This law was passed through the persevering efforts of the same persons who now want. Barren Island razed from the map. Before the garbage was utilised it was dumped at sea and brought back by the waves. The tides piled the rot! Ins vegetation on the beaches where it festered in the hot sun and bred pestilence for nil in the vicinity. As it now stands dumping the garbage at. sea Is the only alternative for the Barren Island plant. There is no other way to dispose of the garbage, and it would take a long time to construct crematories, if a law as pas - - ed authorizing such. The majority of the city officials, csnool. - illv ot the Mi - cel Cleaning Department, think (hat I the scheme to do away with Barren Island I is orij;ino1eil by the real estate men who own ' land at Canarsie. Rockaway and oilier points in a radius of live miles The health officials ! have made no complaints, but have at times suggested improvements to further minimize the malerlors, which Improvements havo in all cases been accepted by the factories. Six inspectors of the City Board of Health are assigned to the island, and keep a constant, lookout with their olfactories for any bad odors from the factories. Three of these inspectors make daily visits to the factories, and they always see that everything in the place is kept in as nearly sanitary condition as is possible under the circumstances. These inspectors have a boat, which is used for cruising around the plant and following the wind direct from the factories to detect any noisome odors that may be ridiue; or. the breezeii. The State Board of Health also has a representative to look after the garbage plants. This inspector makes three visits a week. The management of the Manhattan Beach property sends an inspector every day to the island. This inspector is allowed to go into any department and nee that every feature of the work is done in a manner thai will be as free from giving offense to delicate noses on ' human science to owned the beach Ihe beach as is possible fot do. When Austin Corbin ii IE I I RENDERING FACTORY AT BARREN ISLAND. Front. Showing a Scow of Dead Horses Being Unloaded, property he arraiiKad with the faetnrv nenole for this insnectTr, and the arrangement still exists. Mr. Thomas F. White of P. White's Son.i, fertilizer manufacturers and proprietors of the, horse rendering plant, also vice president of the New York Sanitary Utilization Company and principal owner of Barren Island, aid yesterday that he was not disturbed at the effort to remove the nuisance. He did .not Wua,.' If .1,1 h done. "There is.no other practical way of dispos - lng of New York's garbage,'' said Mr.White. "We can't cremate It, for there ia so much vegetable matter in the waste and refuse of thU city that no Incinerating plant on earth could entirely consume it. Then, a crematory would be a factory for odors of the worst kind. I have had thirty years' experience in this business. I know all about crematories. I have worked in my factory with overalls on, and I consider myself a practical man, and not a theorist. From my experience and from my observations, made upon three visits to Europe and numberless visits to American cities for the express purpose of getting information on this subject, I must say that there is no system by which our garbage can be so satisfactorily disposed of as by utilization. Aside from the fact that we now save money to the city, the present system saves the people the ill smelling smokes and gases that come from crematories, and the beaches are not lined with fetid garbage, spreading sickness all around, as was the case when the' scows were emptied at sea. "The city pays my company $89,000 a year to dispose of the garbage. . By garbage is meant kitchen refuse and all vegetable matter. Combustible waste is not included. This is still emptied at sea. It is composed mainly of ashes and household refuse, such as old shoes, broken chairs and scraps of paper. Garbage that is, vegetable matter such as we handle could not be emptied at sea without great danger from epidemic. It will not sink, and the action of the wind and waves is to bring it back to the city. "The lowest bids for burning garbage are 55 cents per ton, and, as this city has over a thousand tons a day, the lowest possible cost would be $2,500 a day, which would amount to nearly a million a year, against the small sum now paid us. And then there would be a criminal waste of material that can be made of use. "The boarding house and hotel keepers at Rockaway and Canarsie, who will sign petl - DIGESTERS AND RECEIVER, Which Hold the Boiled Garbage Prior to Going to Press. tions to get us away, will tell you that there arc no odors from the island. I have sent men ! to them to apply for board and to ask if thoj odors were objectionable, and the invariable! reply has been that the odors cannot be de - j tected. Then, again, only 500 persons live in a radius of five miles of the island during eight months of the year. Barren Island Is the only available place for disposing ol the garbage. If a crematory was built it would nave to be built there or somewhere nearer the city, and then the complaint would be still worse. "Governor Roosevelt did not say he would certainly approve a bill at the next session to do away with the plant. He said that he would if the situation was not remedied, but he instructed the Board of Health to see what measures could be taken to destroy these bad odors, and r.iuce that time great improvements have been made. 1 believe the Board of Health will report, to the Legislature that there is no nuisance. "There has always been some complaint against the island. It has been used since 1S - 10 for a site for a rendering plant. We have been rendering horses and offal there since 1870. "The utilization system of disposing of garbage was not accepted by the eity without due forethought and investigation. During Mayor Gilroy's administration the idea first began to take shape, i ne Mayor up - pointed a commission that Investigated every known source of information and whose work was supplemented by Information from naval attaches at all the important European cities. This commission was heartily in favor of the utilization plunt. When Mayor Strong came In he appointed George E. Waring, jr., and asked him to make a still further investigation. Commissioner Waring took as the hapl for his work the information already gathered ' by the Gilroy cVmmU ther studies of the. question, he determined that the only feasible way to rid the city of garbage was to utilize It as we now do. So the present plant was opened on NoveHIL'r 1 three years ago. We have since then made many additions and Improvements and have at last got the factories so that they do the work without creating a nuisance. Instead of the factories creating a nuisance they remove a nuisance that has been created in the city. And they do it in the only satisfactory manner." THE ORLEANS FAMILY. Pacts Concerning the Parentage and Connections of the Claimant to the Throne of France. Paris, August 3 The Duke of Orleans, the present bead of the Orleans family and a claimant of the French throne, comes of a most distinguished family and numbers among his ancestors many historical personages or France and Spain. He is the great - grandson of Louis Philippe, who during his twenty years reign, as will be remembered, always styled himself "King of the French." The Countess of Paris, the mother of the Duke, is the eldest daughter of the late Duke and Duchess of Montpensier, and was, before her marriage, the Infanta Marie Isabelle. Her father was the youngest son of Louis Philippe and her mother was the Infanta Fernanda, younger daughter of Ferdinand VII, - King of Spain, and consequently a sister to ex - Queen Isabella of the House of Bourbon. The Count of Paris, who died about two years ago, was the eldest son of Louis Philippe's eldest son. and therefore a flret cousin of his wife. Thus the present Duke, who is the eldest son of the Count and Countess of Paris, Is the direct descendant of a King of Spain as well as of a King of France. The Duke and Duchess of Montpensier were compelled to leave France at the outbreak of the Revolution when Louis Philippe was exiled, and took up their abode in Sevilla, Spain, in the beautiful palace of St. Elmo, situated on the banks of the river Guadal - qulver. Here it was that the Infanta Marie Isabelle was born in the year 1S49. The Infanta had four aisters and three brothel's all of whom are dead, with the exception of the youngest, the Infante Antonio, who is the present Duko of Montpensier, and the husband of the Infanta Bulalia, a daughter of ex - Queen Isabella. The Duke and his wife are not unknown in America, having been, it will be remembered, guests of honor at the Chicago Exposition. Marie Isabella was a charming girl with a French cast of feature but of a decidedly Spanish temperament. She was bright vivacious and interesting, an apt pupil and an accomplished musician. She was very fond of animals, especially of horses, and was an excellent horsewoman. Attached to the palace was a large riding ring and here every morning the young princess rode in company with her sls'ers. Spanish etiquette being very exacting, th children of the royal family were rarely seen in public, except on state occasions, but In the precincts of the palace they led a very simple life and their amusements were similar to those of other children. Marie Isabelle was devoted to gardening and had her little garden, within the palace grounds, which she worked with her own hands. She was very proud of her flower beds and every morning gathered a bouquet to place before the shrine of her patron saint. Of her sisters, the little Infanta Mercedes wat the favorite. Mercedes, even in childhood, was devoted to her cousin Prince Alphonso (whoso second wife is the mother of the pres ent King of Spain) and one day she danced merrily up to her sister with a wreath of I flowers on her little head, exclaiming, "See, this is my bridal wreath, I am going to marry Cousin Alphonso." This childish" prophecy was afterward fulfilled. Alphonso, who wa.; deeply in love with her married her "nnrtiv after his accession to the Spanish throne but tneir dream of happiness was short, for the young Queen died a few months later. When the Count of Paris returned to Spain in 1864 after having fought so valiantly in our Civil War, he became betrothed to Marie Isabelle and a trite love match it was. The princess was only fifteen years of ago but the Spaniards, especially members of the royal family were always married young. Her engagement ring was formed of a circlet of diamonds and emeraldo, which had belonged to the Count's mother, Princess Helene. Duchess of Orleans. The marriage took place soon after in England, at Clermont, Eeher, "the home of their grandmother, Marie Amelie, the widow of Louis Philippe. The Countess wa.s always a devoted wire and mother, and since the death of her husband has lived entirely for her children. Of course, the greatest Interest attaches itself to the eldest, son, but eevera.1 of her other children play prominent parts at the various courts of Europe, notably the eldest daughter, who is the wife of the King of Portugal, and a younger daughter, who married the Duke of Acsta, nephew of the King of Italy. ECEAVY HOP CROP IN SIGHT. Estimates of the Pacific coast's hop crop for 188!) are already being made by men who are experts in the business. It is the Judgment of men who have seen the growing fields In Washington, Oregon and California that this year the Pacific coast will produce a heavier crop than last year, with Washington in the lead in yield per acre. The contract buyers are now offering 13 cents per pound, which Is 3 cents per pound in excess of the ruling price this tlmo last year. These offers are being refused all of which goes to show quite plainly, in the estimation of well posted hop buyers and exporters, that both the yield and price of the product of the vines this year will be above par. The Washington yield this year will be 10,000 bales as compared with 38.000 last year. The price Is 3 cents a pound higher. A NEW MALADY. She O, Jack! See how ill the driver of that electric cab looks! Jack Yes, dear; he Is evidently suffering from automoblllousness! By going to Kentucky to speak for Goebel, Bryan gives his approval to the Goebal election law and to his outrageous convention methods. He had load ennueh - to onrrv with out taking this odium uppn his shoulders. ART GOSSIP. American Appreciation of Art. Anders Zora Says a Good Word for TJs A Sculptor's Loss Detroit's Cadillac Notes. Anders Zorn, the Swedish painter, who was with us recently, and who paints an extremely good picture, when he has a mind to, is back In his own land, where he' has been laying pleasant things about U3. He probably took a good many of our dollars home with him, for, in spite of a certain chic and surface brilliancy in his work, the painting of Zorn is thoroughly artistic, and he. better deserved his commissions than some of the Frenchmen and Spaniards and Italians who have been over here and who have used their momentary consequence to the best pecuniary advantage. And he Is a man of the world and traveler and observer enough to speak with some authority touching on matters of art. Hence it is gladdening to hear from him that the people of America have the instinct for good art and that when it Is led into the proper channels we shall have as fine pictures, statuary and so on as they have in Europe. We are still crude in some respects and ths influence of the steamboat age of decoration Is upoh the provinces. We use colors Instead of color; we are as fond as children of pictures with stories illustratlons - "and in an average exhibition the crowd is attracted by humor. Possibly we scorn these manifestations too much, and do not allow for the fact that there must be a beginning. People seeing serious pictures for the first time are apt to think them dull; their color too moderate; their faces and figures lacking prettiness; their composition deficient in detail. It is after they have seen many examples and have had chances to contrast the thin, vapid, ephemeral art of the hour with art that has enduring qualities that they begin to think and to judge. In music much good has been done by what are called programme pieces that is, music In which something is described, as in the ride to death in Raff's "Lenoro" symphony; the Rhine flow and wood waving and fire leaping in Wagner's tetralogy, and the storm in Beethoven's "Pastoral" symphony, because, though at first attent merely to the story or the picture the listener gradually becomes interested in the music for its own sake, and will listen to the pictureleas Fifth Symphony with at least as much pleasure as to the "Pastoral." And so It is with pictures. The cheaper sort of native work prepares one who is bom to have a love for art for an appreciation of Wyact, Inness, Martin, Homer, Tryon, Dewing, Dewey, Abbey, Sargent and men of that kind who seldom tell stories on canvas. That these men are appreciated nobody can doubt, considering the prosperity that has attended their work, and they are appreciated because all over this land there is a growing Interest both in the fine arts expressed in pictures and sculpture and architecture, and in the applied arts that have probably a wider reach and effect, as they are shown in papers, carpats. metals, porcelains, glass, burnt wood, carvings, bindings; and the like. The material is here. It merely asks development. The Art Journal has for frontisniece a pretty picture of a children's picnic, "the participants being little girls who have brought their dolls and toys and are about to take tea, al fresco S. Melton Fisher, is the artist jand his principal fault lies in the Invention of ! the faces, rather than In painting from models. I Scott Rankin contributes a number ol draw ings of the Scottish highlands, their flr filled valleys contrasting with their bare, tall peaks. Some lively peneilings accompany a paper on the Edinburgh Pen and Pencil Club, following which is an article on Melton Fishor in which the Illustrations exhibit him as a graceful portrayer of women. Interesting old houses and churches that are doomed in the march of sro - calied improvement, that often substitutes a jerry - bnllt tenement for a fine example of last century architecture, are depicted in a paper justly styled "Recent Losses In London." Creditable and important work in the Paris salons and in the Liverpool exhibition is described and illustrated; tliere is a, pago of decorative setting for verse by Chris - ' topher Dean; some specimens of old English pottery are curiously ugly and amusing, and there is a picture of the cottage of Andrew Marvel!; a pretty and sequestered habitation that the authorities, who seem to have been possessed of quite an American spirit of "improvement," have tumbled Into the dust. The August number of the House Beautiful contains the usual number of delightful sug - gestions for furnishings and surroundings.. The designs are almost always commendablej because they are home like, whereas the tool common notion in America Is that one's house; should be as gorgeous and as much like a show room in an European palace as possible - There is a copiously pictured article on ol8 clocks and their decorations, and our builders would do well to examine the pictures and. descriptions in "The Home Doors of England."' Other papers deal with California houses, "a rest room," attractive living rooms, enamels and the wise advices of the housekeeper, while attractive pictures are made of a corner in the house ot Clyde Fitch and a library la Brookline. The Art Amateur for August has a brilliantly colored picture of a garden by E. M. Scott as a supplement, with the customary outlines for pyrography and sewing. The "Prayer and Praise" are decorative in design but imperfect in execution, the drawing being crude. The old and the - new homes of the Academy of Design are contrasted in pictures, and the history of the institution is briefly given. Some animal poses taken from the sketch books of various artists, several architectural' motives, a "bride's book" by Fanny Howell, some veranda and summer house furnishings and come ornaments for porcelain and panels are other illustrative themes. The August number of the International Studio has a just and interesting estimate of early American sculpture, as it is displayed in the groups and figures in the Metropolitan Museum, it. is ail pretty bad sculpture, acaremic, machine made, lifeless, slick and labored in detail, though our nation was not the only one that did that kind of work. Look at the French or German stove castings that ropresnt nymphs or goddesses in the passage where Macmonnles' "Bacchante" and Barnard's "Pan" are displayed, and sea how their hardness ar.d smoothness are emphasized by this fresh and vital work of the two young Americans. The drowsy nymphs, that figure in Reynolds - Stephens' "Summer," in the frontispiece of this magazine suggest Albert Moore. The colored chalk drawings of Helleu are dainty in their use of line and thcr is a pleasant color harmony in the evening picture, with a red haired girl picking lilies, in the foreground, by Mr. Mom - rath. An unusual feature is that of Mrs. Jnmes Brown Potter, who makes eight appearances in these unites as a model for Mortimer Mennes. He represents her In various characters. The odd, angular, child like pictures by Frtmtz Melchers, showing scenes and people in his own Holland, deserve some of the nice things that Maurice Maeterlinck has said for them. Reynolds - Stephens makes an appearance not only as painter, but sculptor, metal worker and designer of furniture, and ir, able in all capacities. The medals of F. Landry, a Swiss, and a considerable number of recent examples of applied art diversify the pagetr, among which will 'also be found plates from recent paintings and statuary. It appears that, the vari - colored monotypes of Rupert Bunny, t'ne Australian artist, are not a new thing. The pictures are made by painting In oils on a sheet of copper or zlno and taking off an impression by means of paper pressed upon the plate by a rubber roller. This work. 111 several colors, has been done by Charles Volkman, the Long Island potter, and by Professor Rufus Sheldon of this city. Why not diversify some of - the exhibitions by examples of this work? Mr. Macbeth has in his gallery on Fifth avenue several of the portraits and curios that formed the Trumbull collection of the late Professor Edward Frossard of Brooklyn. The drawings include several of Washington and of other Rcvolutlot ary celebrities. Though the art Is in ' no case important, they are historically valuable. C. M. S. The spectacles of Admiral Dewey and Rear Admiral Sampson suing the ' government for prize money Is revolting, but It Is - the fault of tho law. This old piratical statute' ought to be done away with. Minneapolis Tribune (Rep.i.

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