The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York on August 12, 1875 · Page 2
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The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York · Page 2

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Thursday, August 12, 1875
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THDRSDAY EVENING. ACCOST 12, 1875. Tbii Paper has tue Liargett Circulation of aajr Ienlng - Paper Published In (be United State. It value a an Advertising .tledlnm U therefore ap parent Polities in tbe State Mr. Tilden and tbe Republicans. The political forces are astir already. The Summer is dedicated by the masses to rest from partisanship. By the leaders, in the opinion of the masses, it is dedicated to plans and slate making. Bat before the Summer has passed, the Republican leaders would seem to be through with their slate making and prepared to go to work. The State Committee of that party hove called the State Convention to meet In Saratoga on September 8. The choice of place betokens a lazy, easy accordant Convention. Saratoga is the best place in the country in - which to drum up or manufacture enthusiasm. A requisition for a certain amount of enthusiasm served on any hotel keeper is always honored. It has not been a village renowned for the successful send offs it has given to candidates. Our townsman, Mr. S. L. "Woodford was once, it is dimly alleged, nominated for Governor at Saratoga. The choice of time, so early, however, indicates a spirited canvass. The ordinary observer would be "stumped" to know just what the Republicans are going before the people on in this State. The Southern question is out of polities. Ccesarism seems to be practically out of it. The Democracy are doing all the reforming, and both parties agree in their platforms on hard money, the inflation practices of the Republicans never being let interfere with the resonance of their resolutions. If the Republicans take high ground for canal reform, they will be merely as guests gorging themselves on Democratic dishes, and it really looks as if the Democrats who are adding practice to their preoepts would be able to hang on their tent poles the scalps of sundry State officials of the Republican party, a spectacle improving in the sense that a funerei is, but lacking the qualities of inspiration, and not serving as a "cry." We have alraady indicated that the Republican' propose to nominate F. W. Seward for Secretary of State, and Mr. L. Bradford Prince for Attorney General, if he will stand. The gentlemen are fair for candidates, and would make a talr run on their cwn merits. The Democracy could easily match either, however, and when the Republicans come to the question of the Controllership, they will be like the horse that wa3 attached to a galvanic battery they will have something to think about. Being, as we believe them to be, in a minority, the Republicans ought to be able to avail themselves of the minority's opportunity and customary policy of bidding high on candidates and platforms. If they find fault with, or fail to commend Governor Tilden, they will simply have a contract on their hands which the people will not help them deliver. Nevertheless, the Republicans mean to go through their motions early and vigorously, and we think that the excellence of Governor Tilden's course has compelled the success of his policy at the hands of which ever party wins. Earlier than the almost premature Republicans themselves, this same Governor Tilden, as admirable a politician as he is a statesman, is directly addressing the people in speeches of the first order of vigor, eloquence and wisdom. He is on a return trip right through the domain and hitherto the dependencies of the Canal Ring, and he is vindicating his ways to men in words which thrill the Commonwealth and the country. He spoke excellently well at Buffalo on Tuesday, and on yesterday we directed our readers to his remarks. Last night, in Syracuse, where ten months ago he was nominated for Governor, he spoke again with an epigramatic force and a wealth of modern and classical culture which will surprise, we think, those who have thought him more of a publicist than an orator. Moreover, the speech had the journalistic quality of sug - gestiveness in high degree. The contrast between the victims of circumstances in the Refuge he had visited, and the insolent impunity with which millionaire thieves flaunt themselves above a robbed people was as vigorous a passage as any of modern times. It will go into the school books. Guarded but unmistakable allusions to the boasts of thieves, that they can vanquish the law or fatigue the indignation of the people, were made by Mr. Tilden in terms which let the citizenship of the State know that ultimate sovereignty and the remedies it was free to provide, inhere in them. The eloquence, the appeal and the reminder we have noticed will be found in this passage : I was called on this moraine to speak Borne words of encouragement and hope to four hundred little boyB in the Western House of Refuge. During all .my journey I have been frequently followed by persons asking for their friends or thoBe in whom they were interested Eardons from the prisons and penitentiaries. I have een compelled to look into such coses and see who are the inmates of theao institutions and of what they have been accused ; to see what it is that constitutes the wrong to Boclety of which they have been convicted. When I have compared their offenses in their nature, temptations and circumstances with the crimes of great public delinquent who claim to stand among your best society and confessedly prominent among their fellow citizens crimes repeated and continued year after year I am appalled at the inequality of human justice. The effort to give you redress has been for the last three months derided and scon'od at. We have been told that nothing would come of it ; that the people would fail ; that their rights would not be maintained, and particularly that these great rich and powerful culprits would prevail, would escape tbe meshea of the law and tbe puniBhment of tbeir crimes ; that their palaces, built with the moneys drawn from the sw:at and toil of our honest, industrious, hard working citizenB, would continue to rise like exhalations, and Bhame public morality and public honor. Fellow citizens, I say to you to - night, as I said on the 4th of November, 1871, now nearly four years ago, when I took a share in the great contest in New York City in your oause, I will follow where any one will dare to lead or lead where any Bhall dare to follow. The cause will not fait Whoever shall venture to stand against it will fall to riee no more. I have no apprehensions that the law win fail of its efheacy. But I will apeak a word of encouragement to those who are unhopeful You can send, if needful, to the legislative bodies men who will make now and better laws to puniBh those wrongs and to bring the wrong doers to justice, and the people by the exercise of their sovereign authority may, if need be, in convention assembled, redress all defects and failures of publio justice. If our legislative bodies end public officers fall short of their duty the people can recall the powers they have delegated, ana can renovate ine administration of juBtioa until those eyes, represented in Roman statuary aa blind, will be made to see substantial right and genuine law. I Bay this in no spirit of vengeance, "with malice toward none, witn cnarity lor all," but with a firm devotion to the rights and Int - i - rests of the people the work of reform shall and must go forward and onward. Not much speaking, but highly effective speaking marks Mr. Tilden, He is making it very difficult for the other side to do more than engage to beat him at his own policy, and we are satisfied that a boast of that sort will be taken at its true value by the people. He has already made it impossible for his own party not to make his policy and words their platform and pledge. He finds that the publio heart beats full and warm with his own, and both as Executive of thsState and as head of the Democratic party, he making the campaign of that party in this State, this year, one in which the public interest and the aims and candidates and doctrines of the organization will be fighting on the same side. The gentlemen who will meet at Saratoga, on the 8th prox., will have a nice time, but the gentleman who is governing the affairs and arousing the conscience of the people of this State so well, so grandly, indeed, is too wise and too excellent for the conventionists of next month. APoIitical Police. There has been so much talk about police reorganization and the political influences supposed to be converging on the force through the present Commissioners, that we assume our readers will be interested in an exhibit showing the kind of influences which moulded the force under Jourdan & Co. To this end an article based upon the books of the Dement has been prepared and is presented in another column. After reading it we believe it 'will be hard to resist the conclusion that if the late Republican Commissioners did not make the Police Department of Brooklyn a political machine, no department was ever so made or ever will be. Commencing with Superintendent Campbell they ran the line of politics through every branch of the service down to the pettiest clerkships at the Headquarters. A few Democrats men of long and singularly successful service were allowed, for appearance sake, to retain their places, but they were exceptions which only put in broader relief the rule under which their associates felL At one sweep four Democratic captains were removed and in their places put four active Republican ward politicians. It was not even pretended that in making these changes, the Commissioners had any reasons other than those of a partisan kind. The SeoMWita of the force were similarly dealt with. Eleven Democrats were removed, and Republican ward workers put in their places. Nor did tbe Commissioners rest here, for finding that there were assistants still unrewarded, they absolutely created two precincts for their accommodation. With this exhibit before them, and with the past two years' record in mind of uncaught thieves and murderers, we believe the number of citizens willnot be large who will object to a speedy and thorough reorganization of the Department. We want policemen, not politioians,and we want the policemen restored who were driven by Jonrdan & Co. from their posts, to make way for - party "heelers." The Delay in Abolishing: tlia Alms - bouse and Nursery. The delay in transferring the pauper children, now confined in the Almshouse Nursery, to the private charitable and reformatory institutions of the city, as provided for by an act of the last Legislature, has given rise to a great deal of unfavorable comment, and to hardly less official apology. Commissioner Norris, President of the CharitieB Commission, put himself in opposition to the exercise of the option the Commissioners heretofore had of sending pauper children to private reformatory institutions, and hence he was in antagonism to the policy which has since been made mandatory on the Commissioners through a general law of the State. The suspicion has been very general outside of the Board of Charities, and it has been very zealously represented in the Board itself, that Commissioner Norris is not as earnestly in favor of the enforcement of the law and of its success in operation as he should be. Inasmuch as the law compels the county to provide for the support of pauper children in private charitable and reformatory institutions, it follows that if we are compelled to do this, and at the same time to maintain the organization of the Poor - house Nursery, the taxpayers of the county will virtually have to pay twice over for the maintenance of the same class of dependents on the public charity. Notwithstanding the fact that the Commissioners have had nearly three months to prepare for putting the new law in foroe, their preparations are not even yet completed, and as Commissioner Norris has sought to be intrusted with the sole power of enforcing the law, the blame for delay is, whether justly or not, largely attributed to him. The law contemplated the abolition of the Almshouse Nursery. It was so understood by the Supervisors, who have made no provision this year for its support. Notwithstanding this fact the Nursery organization is still maintained. Of course, its abolition will necessitate the relinquishment of a considerable amount of publio patronage, and officials are slow in curtailing their power in this direction, or, for that matter, in any other. The fact that Commissioner Norris lent his influence in the Board for delay in making out the necessary blanks, etc. ; that he supported a resolution concentrating the power in himself to make the transfer of the children ; that he favored sending the children who may now apply for public aid, in the first place, to the public Nursery all strengthened the suspicion that Norris and his two steady backers in the Board are desirous of maintaining a county institution which the law, and the custodians of the public purse, have decided ou abolishing. Under the law, idiotic and diseased children must still be maintained in the public institutions, but this affords no fair pretext for keeping a public Nursery in existence. Commissioner Norris has aoted as if he thought otherwise. Again, the law does not cftnpel the Commissioners to send children under three years of age to private orphan asylums, but they have the option of so providing for these children, if they can do so. Norris takes different ground, with regard to this class of children. When it is remembered that the Nursery was for years little better than a peat house and that under the most careful management it is next to impossible to make it anything else the apparent reluctance to get rid of it has excited a feeling in favor cf the change, which the Commissioners will not find r) safe to resist one minute longer. The Almshouse Nursery should be abolished, without any further delay. Provision will have to be made, perhaps, for very young children, and for idiotic and diseased children, but these classes can be provided for in other branches of the County Buildings. The project of turning the Nursery building into an hospital for incurables, which would afford relief to other County Buildings now over crowded, is deserving of consideration. The Commissioners ought to have skill enough to provide for the class of children which will be left on their hands, after the law is complied with, in a department of the old Nursery, over which a sensible woman should be plaoed as matron. At all events, we shall expect not to be pestered with any further opposition to the beneficent law recently enacted by the State, and Commissioner Norris, especially, should try to win back some portion of the public confidence he has lost in being as active in putting the law in force as he has been, up to this time, in not doing anything of the sort. The week ought not to close without the announcement being made that what has been called, as it were, in bitter satire, "the Nursery," has been abolished. Tbe Eagle, the f ourteenth Veterans and General Hawley. Mr. E. B. Fowler, formerly Lieutenant Colonel of the Fourteenth Regiment and Brevet Brigadier General of the United States Volunteers, and at present the Commandant of the recently formed Veteran Corps of the old Fourteenth Regiment of New York State Militia, has found, to his possible surprise,but not to ours at all, that the further the sentiments of the Eagle travel, the more support and indorsement they receive, and that such support and indorsement are the warmest from men the most distinguished for patriotism, intelligence and valor like Mr. Fowler's that did not do its fighting on paper. Some weeks ago the Veteran Corps of the Eour - teenth made up thoir mind to go to the Cen tennial if they were invited," as undoubtedly they were and are likely to be. One of their number then' offered a resolution looking toward an invitation to corresponding Veteran organizations of the South to take part with them in the Centennial. The single objection to this was that the Veteran Corps of the Fourteenth Regiment had not then received an invitation themselves and were hardly hi a condition to invite others, until that ceremonial preliminary "had been compiled with. The resolution, however, was advocated and opposed upon its spirit,not upon its etiquette, and after speeches of a patriotic kind and speeches of a very rabid order, it was overwhelmingly defeated. We published the speeches and regretted and punctured those of a rabid order. We reminded the Veterans that the Centennial was celebrative of the revolution and not of the rebellion at all, and that the martial establishments of all the States, especially of all the old Colonial States, would be fully represented. This would necessarily include a large military representation from the States in the late Confederacy, and their presence and oo - operation would be the beBt reply to the alarmist orators of the veterans who declared in their published speeches that the South was still rebellious and only waited an opportunity to renew the war and strike at the nation's life, and all that sort of thing, such being the reasons assigned at the time for the defeat of the resolution, but milder and more sensible reasons being discovered afterward. We furthermore stated that the Grand Marshal of the Day, ex - Confederate General Joseph E. JohnBton, would assign all the troops taking part to their proper place, and that that fact spoke for itself. Whereupon General Fowler wrote a letter to General Joseph R. Hawley, President of the Centennial Commission, inclosing extracts from the Eaolb editorial for his perusal, a few days after the editorial had been published in full, as we are informed, in General Hawley'a paper, the Hartford Courant. In his letter General Fowler appealed to General Hawley "for an opinion as to the propriety of "our action" that is.of the action of the Fourteenth Veterans. General Hawley'B letter and General Fowler's were printed in last night's Eaoms. The Hawley letter is admirable in ton6 and in largeness of views. It as good as invites the Fourteenth Veterans to the Centennial, and it adds that not only will the Federal Veterans of the Fourteenth and other regiments be present, but that a large number . of Confederate Veterans will be there, too. and the General intimates that each side wiU find that the other wears neither hoofs nor horns, and that the best thing in the experience of old foes is such an ocoasion as makes them lasting friends. The wise and patriotic words of the General are : During a recess of the Executive Committee, the other day, it wu mentioned by a Southern Commis - Blonerthat a New Orleans military cfjuuzatton (I am sorry I don'i recall the name) oomposlnike your own, wholly of men who served during the late war, but on tbe other Bide, Is making; arrangements to coma to Philadelphia next year, and the statement was received with marked expressions of pleasure. Should they and the " Old Brooklyn Fourteenth" meet lu the neighborhood of Independence Hall, the results would Erobably be very much iuoh aa followed the meeting etween the ex - aoldlera of New England and the er - BOldiers of Maryland, Virginia and South Carolina, the other day at Bunker Hill. No sacrifice of principle or honor was required in those cordial greetings and hospitalities. The effect produced throughout the South by those proceedings 1b exceedingly gratifying. We have always regarded it sb one of the great merits of the celebration and exhibition that they will afford the best opportunity the country will ever have had for promoting general acquaintance and thorough fraternization among our widely distributed and sometimes hostile peoples. This extract is a first class lesson in toleration and statesmanship, and is an indorsement of the spirit and terms of the Eagle editors! sent to General Hawley for "criticism," which does that gentleman no little credit. The New Orleans organization to which he refers is the one called and known round the world as "The Louisiana Tigers," who have the same pride in their past and hope in the future of the country that the Fourteenth Veterans have. The old editorial and reporterial spirit in General Hawley shone out in his anticipation of a greeting between the Fourteenth Veterans and the Tigers in front of Independence Hall, and the results would, we predict, be even more impressive than he expects. May we be there to see. New Developments in tbe matter of Duncan, Sherman & Co. One by one, and at due intervals, revelations follow eaoh other in the matter of the firm of Duncan, Sherman & Co. The peculiar practices of the house before and after its suspension, are gradually told to the publio. They are always told with an if, till the public has been accustomed to hear them ; and then the if is removed to be similarly used in another report of a different "misfortune" of the house. Two new misfortunes are announced or rather revealed to - day. The first of these seems a sort of mental infliction, which disordered the brains of every member of the house of Duncan, Sherman & Co. Their moral sense became confused, their notions of right and wrong became strangely mixed, and meaning to act light, they always mistook the right. No greater misfortune surely could befall such a house, as to have each and of all of its members afflicted in this way at one and the same time ; and that at a time when losses were coming home and a large amount of other people's property lay in their hands. One manifestation of this mental infirmity was the telling a cleik of their own to make drafts upon themselves, drafts drawn against nothing that ever grew, grazed or swum. These drafts they accepted, and then put on the street for sale through a third party. With that strange cunning which so often accompanies mental infirmities, the firm raised money in this way, which, if they had borrowed it on the notes of the firm, would much sooner have betrayed how short the firm was getting to be, would thereby have sapped confidence and prevented people from trusting them with their private means, that they might continue to speculate and gamble therewith. When asked about this matter the innocent Judge Shipman, of Sanborn fame, knew nothing about it. He inquired of the mentally afflicted firm ; and it is saddening to think how their mental malady led them to say this was their own way of doing business, and was in every way regular. People who have no reverenoe do say this practice was regular "a regular beat." The clerk who was employed to draw these drafts was A. L. Burgess. It is a touching story to tell; but that clerk's services are still retained to the suffering firm by the unsophisticated Mr. Shipman, who, to a judgeship, preferred the advocacy of Sanborn 4 Co., and the receivership of Duncan, Sherman & Co. These gentlemen deserve the utmost sympathy, of which, if any be left, care must be taken by the public not to expend that residue upon the starving widow and daughter in Paris, to - day left penniless and in debt for board through the "misfortunes" of the firm. The firm of Duncan, Sherman & Co.'s next revealed hallucination is in their belief that they had made things aH right for the travelers abroad who hold their circular letters. When it was stated they had done this people said the firm meant welL It is with intentions like theirs, however, that hell is said to be paved intentions to be honest that are never oarried out. The father of Mr. Duncan, it now appears, became responsible for only thirty - thousand dollars, to be applied to meeting those letters. Of the letters the aggregate will, as stated in an Eaglb article on the subject, reach over three quarters of a million 1 Letters from Europe are now pouring in descriptive of the troubles and sufferings which the valuelessness of these letters of credit has inflicted. Again, employes of the firm have assured certain parties that the firm will not allow their theatrical creditors to lose a cent. This is pleasant for the theatrical people, no doubt; but how does the announcement square with the idea of equitable dealing with all the other creditors ? The firm's ideas of right and wrong are decidly mixed ; nor do we believe Mr. Ship - man is the man best fitted to set them right. There is in the history of this house and of its failure, a sad evidence of how thoroughly the demoralization of politics has been kept pace with by the demoralization of the financial circles of the country. The counsel for Sanborn is the receiver for Duncan, Sherman & Co. The days of Credit Mobilier are the seasons of Black Fridays. The old fashioned honesty of ante - war times in the Government, and the old fashioned, careful commercial honor and sensitive financial integrity of the same period of our history, seem to have been shattered together; and the loss 'of principle to have been coincident in both. Excuses are to - day offered for duplicities and trickeries in politics and trade, where fifteen years ago condemnation and punishment would have been sternly lavished. In such oases as that of Duncan, Sherman, & Co., there is but one satisfactory proof of honest intention to be given or accepted. When, to meet their joint obligations, each several member of the firm shall have evidently given his all, when we see each, shoulder at the wheel, beginning life again and working to swell that all to the full amount due, we will take it that to misfortune only is the failure to be attributed. But so long as the ruin is enjoyed in palaces, the disgrace oarried in cushioned oarriages drawn by choice steeds, driven by sleek liveried servants, so long as the looms of Lyons and the mines of Brazil continue to clothe the women of their families, and the men pay f asionable club fees, while the vic tims of their misfortunes are beggared, so long will every man not a fool believe that Other elements than misfortune entered into that failure, as into that of Jay Cooke, of the Clews and the rest. Theatrical Rows. The theatrical season was opening auspiciously for rows. There was the probable row over the now published play, the "Two "Orphans." There was the row between Campbell and Daly about the "Big Bonanza" in San Francisco. There was the threatened row between Shook and Daly about "Eose Michel." But the most interesting is the row commenced Tuesday between the actors MoWade and Boucicault, detailed at length in the Eagle of yesterday. The Eagle stated that if Mr. MoWade suffered Boucicault to escape him on the Bothnia, the lawyers of MoWade ought to be sharp enough to prevent it. They have proved so. They sent a sheriff in a tog boat, caught the starting steamer, asked for Boucicault, Mr. Montague, determined to baffle the Yankee, said Mr. Boucicault was not on board, but a lawyer's clerk went on board, and seeing it was "no go," Boucicault showed himself and was arrested. Mayor Hall says that when Boucicault returns he will reiterate bis alleged libel against MoWade, in which the latter is styled a thief for making a new dramatization of an American work by an American author, already dramatized by an American playright, and played all over America by half a dozen American actors before Bouoicault ever touched the subject at alL It is a pity that, not having succeeded in his attempted evasion of the warrant. Ur, Boucicault did not come, and utter that reiteration. The catching of Bouoicault by the sheriff, spread a general feelingMf delight among the theatrical people. New York, just now, is. full of them. Six previous attempts to obtain warrants against Boucicault have been made at six different times. MoWade's is the only attempt that has been successful The lingeringa of the ring yet ruled in New York. When Mr. Boucicault does return, Mayor Hall will find, he will not reiterate the alleged libel ; but apologize for it. This row, like its predecessors, grows out of the vague state of our copyright laws, and out of the determination of some managers on both sides of the Atlantic to turn the New York stage into a sort of dependent subsidiary to that of London. Now, theatrical and dramatic arts are the only ones in which, during the last twenty - five years, America has excelled England. We have more good actors here than they have in London, in all lines of acting, though in no line have we as good as we used to have. The Forrest - Macready feeling ia rising again among our theatrical people. Then it was unjustifiable, now it is just. It is necessary, if we want to preserve any American stage at all. Daly saw this long ago. Shook and Palmer have steadily refused to lend themselves to the scheme of ostracism and importation. In it Wallack and Jarrett and Palmer have been most active. This case of MoWade shows us, however, that not only are our own actors to be crowded out of New York, but that American citizens shall not be allowed to even dramatize a purely American work, for Amer - can representation, if a foreign author takes a liking to do it himself. We have certainly come to a very sad pass if our own people cannot write an American play on an American subject, without being styled thieves and imposters by the greatest plagiarist, the most unblushing literary thief known to the annals of any literature. There is no nationality in art But surely the realm of all arts like that of letters is a Republic, and our people have done nothing to forfeit their citizenship therein. It is a source of no little indignant regret to the theatrical profession of this country to see Mr. Hall so eager to display a prejudging zeal in behalf of a man and of men who are pushing his own countrymen from their stools. From Cooper to Sullivan, every actor England has sent here, of speoial merit, has been welcomed as well as every continental one. It is the spirit of domineering, of exclusion, of insult, displayed by Mr. Boucicault, Mr. Rignold and others that irritates the wound; and no shorter road to final unpopularity could Mr. Hall find than the defense of it which ho this morning obtrudes in the columns of the Tribune. Looking to tbe City for Work. The belief that governments national, State and municipal are ordained for the purpose, among other things, of furnishing laboring men with employment, is more generally entertained than men engaged in ordinary pursuits suppose. The recent quarrel in New York between Morrissey and Kelly shows that over there the standing of the city as an employer has much to do with the course of elections; we had evidence of a similar kind in Brooklyn last Winter, and it is a matter well known to politicians that the fate of more than one national administration has been determined by this influence. That the time will come when so gross a fallaey will no longer find holders, we assume; but it is all too manifest that the time is not yet. The disposition to exchange self reliance for political dependence has never been rare and there is something in our political system that encourages it. Between ignorant voters and dishonest demagogues it is almost inevitable that a determination to draw sustenance from the Government should spring up. The poverty stncSen voter sees what he and such as he does and can do for the demagogue. They make an oracle of him; they enroll him among the rulers of the land; through their support on election day he has a ring put upon his finger, and in time comes to wear purple and fine linen. That they should, seeing this, come in time to inquire, Wherein is our reward," is certainly not un natural, and that they should look for the reward in the shape of easy work at liberal wages, dealt out by the combination of demagogues supposed to constitute the Gov ernment, is due to the misunderstanding of men and things which made them elect the demagogue in the first place. The dema gogue presents himself eb the "poor man's "friend" in some especial sense; and the poor man, taken with the title, assumes that the candidate is all that his election "posters" imply. If the "poor man" stoppad to consider that the purpose of Government is not to employ men but to protect them in the pursuit of their callings, and to insure by the unvarying administration of equitable laws that every man shall enter into the enjoyment of what he earns, the "poor man's friend" would cut a less conspicuous figure. But this unfortunately is not done, and the outcome is mendacity, corruption and additional poverty. However, that this misconception is general constitutes no reason why those who know better should give it countenance. It is a fallacy which is bad for the laboring man, because he can in no wise be helped except through a rigid confirmation to the laws of trade and an economical administration of public affairs. That government must in the nature of things give employment to many men, is apparent, but such employment is incidental to and not in any sense the end of government ; and in this employment the taxpayers, of the oountry (and the laborer is the tax payer at bottom), are as grossly wronged if three dollars a day he paid for work that could be obtained for two, as if fifteen dollars a ton were paid for coal that could be obtained in the open market for ten. When the Government is under the necessity of making a purchase it is bound to do so at the cheapest market, whether the article in demand be labor or cast iron. For these reasons, we would have the demagogue who posts himself on the dead walls of creation as the " poor "man's friend" marked, and by poor men who are honest and intelligent, incontinently voted down. There is another view to be taken of this which should appeal to workmen who do not recognize the force of the principle just stated, namely, that the Government, if it pays more for work than it should in propriety.does by that action favor a few at the expense if the many, and necessarily restricts the number of workmen. For instance, if a city government having the means to employ a thousand men throughout the Summer at $2.50 per day, improperly increases the wages to $3, it is clear that one - fifth of the laborers will have to be discharged or one - fifth of the season be passed in idleness. To the laborers in New York and Brooklyn who have been taught to look to the city for employment and who have allowed themselves to be played upon by traders in politics, we commend the foregoing to their consideration. Of the various divisions into which our population is divided, none have less to hope for at the hands of demagoges than honest laboring It is very gratifying to learn that the damage to cropB in the West by rain and inundation, will not be nearly so great as was apprehended a few days ago. The prospect ia that we shall, all things considered, have a bountiful general harvest. The latest returns from North Carolina show that the Democrats have carried the State. The Constitutional Convention will stand 61 Democrats, 58 Republicans, and 1 Independent The Republican dispatches announcing that the Administration had been successful, and that preparations were being made for a demonstration in honor of the event, were somewhat premature. William Hobkirk, a Wisconsin banker, has "mysteriously" disappeared from the City of Waupun with $14,000 in greenbacks. If the people of Waupun were better informed oon oerning the ways of the world, they would not he greatly mystified by such disappearances. The mystery would hare been real had the banker left $14,000 of his own in the bank, Itseemstobe very generally conceded that the Ohio Democrats are going to eleot their State ticket. If this be oorrect, it will still be proper for the people outside of Ohio to understand that tho victory belongs to Democratic principles and not to the inflation fallaey. THE NURSEEY. The Law Transferring the Children to Private InatitutionBi . Alleged Violations of the Law by Commissioners Norris and Baber Description of the Place Norris Would Make a Temporary Receptacle of Children A Species of Pest House The Children Transferred and Those Remaining;. The work of transferring the children of the Kings County Nursery to private Institutions, as the law directs, is not completed, though It was begun a week ago last Monday, One might inter from this one ol three things, viz.: Either that the number of children to be tranferred was very large, or there was a diffloulty in determining where they shonld be Bent, and in procuring acoommodatlons for them In the private asylums, or that the Commissioners were disposed to be and were unnecessarily slow In executing the law. As to the number ot children whom the law made It peremptory on the Charities Commissioners to transfer it may be stated that they did not exceed four hundred. In two days Corns. Baber and Cunningham, unaided by their colleagues, managed to have conveyed away, in accordance with the law, more than two hundred children, and if the roling body of the Commission Messrs. Norris, Midas and Storms had left them to complete their task It is reasonably presumed that the remainder who were transferable would have been In their new homes two days later. It is also a fact that the managers of the private institutions were ready on the 2d of August to receive all the children the Commissioners were at liberty nnder tbe law to send tbem. The question of where the children should be sent was decided on Tuesday, August 3, Tae census was then said to have been completed, comprising an authentio record of eaoh child's antecedents. But, as the publio already knows, on Wednesday, AugUBt 4, Com. Norris had a resolution drawn up, and presented by Com. Midas, giving him (Com. Norris) exclusive control of sending the children from the Nursery to the private Institutions. Thus, he became responsible for the' further execution of the law. It is now more than a week slnoe he was Invested with this great prerogative which he so earnestly ooveted, and, yet, notwithstanding the fact that he has had two olerks from his own office, two pbysioianB from the County Buildings and tbe entire corps of the Nursery offiolals at his disposal, his work is still unfinished. It is said that bis hearj is not In tbe work, and delay is caused by him for purposes which ore not at all oreditablo to a publio official, Bworn to Berve the people faithfully. His opponents, or those who charge him with hostility to a movement which has the indorsement of the people of thla county, and, for that matter, of the entire State, say that he is determined to defeat the law, If he can, by keeping as many children ill the Nursery aa will give some show of justice to the retention of his friends in office and the continuance of a system which the transfer act was mainly devised to abrogate forever. In order that the public may be competent to pass upon the truth or falsity of this charge against Com. Norris, it may be well to state in the first place the nature, scope and object of tho law, and, in the second place, to point out how far the polioy of Com. NorrlB , aa developed by his own acts, complies or conflicts with that law. It may bo premised that the system of rearing children in poorhouses has been condomued by tho State fioard of Charities as productive of orime and pauperism, and they have with great persistency and zeal advocated the removal of all indigent children from their Injurious precincts to private families or Institutions. Their judgment in this respect, based on careful Investigations, has been accepted by the people at large and Is now invested with the majesty of law. It was principally through tbe instrumentality of tbe State Board of Charities that the last Legislature was induced to pass the act under which the Commis - Bionere of Charities are now providing for Indigent children in tho private aBylums of this county. This aot requires the Commissioners to transfer to private institutions all children in the Nursory who are of three years and upward and sound in mind and body, as well as all children of the same condition who shall hereafter become a county charge, taking care in doing so that there shall be no tampering with their religious faith non - Catholics must be sent to non - Catholic asylums and Catholics to places controlled by Boman Catholics. For the maintenance of theao ohildren the Board of Supervisors is ordered to raise annually a suiBcient amount of money. To this extent the law is manda tory. It is left, however, to THE DISOBETIOtT OP THE COMMISSIONEBS to say what shall be done with ohildren who are under three years of age, or who aro diseased in any way. But where the lair ceases to direct the broad priociple on which tho law itself is based, namely, that a poor house is the most objeotlonable place in God's universe In which to educate a child, points out how they aro to exercise their discretionary power. On this point, as on many others in this entire busi ness, Com. Cunningham differs from bis associates. He is in favor of removing all the healthy chil dren, wbfether under age or not, to the private asylums from the Nursery, they, perhaps with the exception of Com. Baber, are not. DEFEATING THE LAW. But first it is to be inquired how far Com. Nbrris has complied with that portion of tbe law which Is mandatory. His first act essentially affecting the law was the passage of a resolution on Wednesday, the 4th Inst. This resolution oonsisted of two parts. Part one invested him with the excluslvo right of completing the transfer from the Nursery, and part eeoond required his associate Commlsslonerfl to send all children, applying to become county wards, to his office, to the end that he might see they were temporarily lodged at tbe Nursery for medical examination, etc., before tbey were consigned to the managers of the private asylums. Waiving the question as to whether this resolution has any parliamentary force, in view of tbe fact that a resolution, passed atthe previous meeting, and conferring the authority to transfer tbe ohildren on the Nursery Committee, has not been rescinded, that portion of it which would oonfer power on Dr. Norris, ex - ciuiuve power, in fact, to consign ohildren to private asylums after a brief or a long stay at the Nursery or County Poorhouse, is clearly in conflict with the law. For tbe law gives power to any Superintendent of the Poor, to any magistrate or Commissioner of Charities, o commit children, while It in most emphatlo and lucid terms prohibits any of these officials from Bending children to county poorhouses or almshouses, even for ono moment's duration. The illegality of tho resolution was demonstrated by Com. Cunningham at the time the majority of the Board declared it passed under tbe action of tbe previous question. He also claimed that its object was to maintain tho Nursery with a corpB of paid employes, whon there was no money raisod for that purpose. Com. Cunningham has refused to comply with the resolution, and has Bent all applicants who have been found deserving of county maintenance, since its alleged adoption, direct to the private institutions. He baa acted under legal advice, and with the commendation of prominent members of the Board of Supervisors, suoh as Supervisor at Large Fox, and Supervisors Ropes and Shipman. Com.Norris, however, has carried out his resolution by sending about six children to the Nursery, of the class that tho law Bays must not be sent there, and Com. Baber appears to have followed his example and forwarded three. But it may be asked what Com. Norris Bees in this Nursery that he should be so anxious for its continuance as a training place for children ? The tlmo has arrived when THE TBUTH MUST BE SPOKEN about this place and its abuses, for which the present honorable man who actB as Superintendent oannot bo held responsible, be exposed. More than a year ago the writer entered this institution for the first tune. A stench which was far more sickening than any arising from the hog pens at the County Poorhouse permeated the atmosphere. It was with the greatest hardship that one could endure it for even a brief space of time. What did It proceed from? Partly from fifth permitted to accumulate In the building, and partly from bad ventilation. THE PATOEB NUB8ES were responsible for the filth ; the Board of Supervisors and Commissioners of Charities must share tbe responsibility for the defective ventilation. There may have been two or three good women among the nurses, but quite a large number of them were dirty, drunken and dissolute creatures, who smuggled whisky Into the building from a shanty In tbe rear of the County Buildings, where county property was sold for the vile stuff that maddened these women's brains, thickened their scandalous tongues and made drunksn women the models and custodianB of the unfortunate waifs, that the charity of the public was raising about seventy thousand dollars per annum to maintain and make good citizens. With Buoh help the honest man that was acting as Superintendent was powerless to keep the plaoe in anything like a presentable condition. Beside, he was unaided by the controlling majority in tbe Board. Tbey aUowed the building to go Into utter decay. There was net a whole pane of glass scarcely in the rear of the house. BQUALOB AND BUIN. Every ward and corridor, and for that matter, every room in the house was a dreary spectacle of absolute neglect and dilapidation. From cellar to dome there was not one redeeming feature in the plaoe. If they bad tried to make a building which would be essentially obnoxious to human life,the Charities Commissioners could not have done better. The basement was simply a cess pool. The rear stairways were a little better, and it required considerable engineering to keep clear of filth both in tbe oorridors and wards. The beds were clumsily made up and not at all oleanly in appearance. And what of the children? They were, with few exceptions) diseased; sore eyes, scrofula and itcb, infested the plaoe. Some of the children were placed on a low benoh In a dark corner of the room. What a picture of misery such groups presented. No man or woman, whose heart throbbed with sympathy for the ills of others, oould look upon them and not be moved to compassion. Some of them were bo afflioted with sore eyes that it gave them pain to look on the light of day. They crouched in the darkness, sat silently or erled. dote to the little ones suffering from virulent ophthalmia weje sometimes seated those oovered with ltob, and .to add to the loathsomeness of the scone a very plague of flies settled upon these diseased ohildren. Some one may say this picture is overdrawn. It is certainly exceedingly feeble, but in no respect can anybody truthfully oharge it with being overdrawn. Later on, in ttu Fall of 18T4, when members of the State Board of Charities visited the Nursery, Supervisor at Large Fox, who was one of the party, opened a door leading to one of the water closets, and to his disgust and great indignation discovered several little ohildren, none of them older than two years, together with an idlotlo or paralytic girl of twelve or fifteen, seated near a steam pipe, trying to warm themselves, for It was a cold day. THE NUBSBBY OP TO - DAY. Nearly ten months have gone by. Are things much improved at the Nursery? Tbe Nursery 1b cleaner - much cleaner. The Superintendent, matron and hired help generally have made the place more preseniame, but the ventilation is still tho same, and the ohildren who remain there, with few exceptions, are ail diseased. One would hardly have supposed that there were so many unolean ohildren In the place. Wherever they concealed themselves they were not noticeable to the same extent as they are at present, now that the healthy children have been removed from the plane. . It Is surprising that one healthy ohlid was found in tbe Institution where ao many ohildren with sore eyes, scrofula, and akin diseases in genual wire on haad to diMemln - ate them various maladies. Tat this peat house Com. Norris wishes to make a temporary depot for ell ohildren prior to thoir transfer to tho private Institutions If the Commissioner were anxious to make them all incompetent under the law to be transferred, he couldn't select a better place. If Brooklyn oould bare seen the plaoe and its Inmates yesterday, aa an Eieu reporter saw tbem, there would be short work made of this so - called Nursery. The chief object of the reporter's visit was to ascertain from the Superintendent the number of children .transferred and tbe number remaining, and obtain data on which the publio might form an opinion as to whether It wu worth the expense to accept the pot schemes of Coma. Norria and Midas In regard to the Nursery. HABD TO OBT AT PIOTOES. The reporter asked Superintendent Bogan If he could give him tho exact number of children who were' in the bouse on Monday, tbe 1st Inst., the day the work of clearing out tbe Nursery was begun by Corns, Cunningham and Raber ? He answered that it would be impossible for him to state the exact number, nor could he say how many children were remaining. He oould only approximate the number, but in a few days he would have completed a census of tbe children, containing all the information tbe reporter was Becking. It was customary with him, he said, to make a census of tbe children on the first of eaoh montb, when be knew exaotly how many of them were in the building, at other times be couldn't say for certain what their number was. Only onoe a month then the Superintendent knew how many children were in the Nursery, and hia weekly reports to tho Commissioners of Charities, which professed to give tbe exact number of children in tbe building during the week and tbe cost of maintaining them per capita, were the result of guess work rather than of aotunl knowledge. The last monthly oensus was taken on the first of June last. Mr, Bogan excused himself for failing to take one in July and August on the ground that bis time has been entirely monopolized in getting things in order for the transfer of tbe children. Finally, however, it was determined that the last census should be the starting point of calculating the number of children in the Nursery on the first of August, and by adding and subtracting admissions and discharges as set down in weekly reports for the intervening time the number was put down at about three hundred and ninety - seven, and of these there had be on transferred about two hundred and slxty - eix. Mr. Bogan was now asked to furnish tho exact number of ohildren remaining in the Nursery. He replied that it would be utterly Impossible for him to state the exact number. It would take him about twodays to find out. The reporter suggested that they should visit the various wards and ascertain from the nurses tbe number of their ohildren. The suggestion wag very cordially conourred in by Mr. Bogan. In making the tour of tbe wards, one couldn't close his eyes to tho fact that most of the wards had a oleaner appearance than tbey bore months ago, and that tbe atmosphere in most of them was infinitely sweeter. But the same class of diseases seemed to be jnat as widely prevalent now aa tbey were then. In one of tbe corridors eome ton or twelve children, said to be under three years of ago. were seated on a low atool. Some of tbem were afflicted with sore eyes, many more with skin disease, and a few healthy ohildren wero placed in contact with both. The feces of tbese little ones were almost Mask with flies, which a larger child oovered with itch was en - doavoring to drive away by shaking her olotbes in front of her companions. One of the nurses was using a wet rag, which looked very muob soiled, in cleaning the eyes of those who were suffering from ophthalmia. A few yarda remote were four or five babies of one and two years of age squatted - on tbe floor, eating bread. Tbey all looked exceedingly delicate. A swarm of flies, attracted by the food, had settled down on them, and with difficulty were kopt from giving annoyance. Tbese scenes were theaaxcluslve proporty of the Nursery a year ago, as they are now. One might search the county and fail to find tbem in any other place set apart by public or private charity for tho care of ohildren. In passing through the corridors and wards one saw few healthy children, and it seems a miracle that there should be any where disease is allowed to run riot. Mr, Bogan Bays they keep the healthy children away from the unclean. Doubtless he has given ordors to that effect, but tho eye certainly saw yesterday that Bucb sanitary regulations were not scrupulously enforced. To begin with tho census. The nurses of the various wards or halls stated tbe number of children then in tbeir charge to be as follows : THE OHILDBEN REMAINING. Ward 1 10 children, all sick with Bore eyes, scrofula, etc. Ward 21 deformed child. Ward 315 ohildren, all diseased. Ward 49 children, all diseased. Ward 11 children, under age. Wards 7 and 811 ohildren, all diseased. Ward 914 children, under ago. Hospital 9 children, diseased. Ward 126 children, under age. Ward 22 6 children, under age or diseased. Ward 205 children, said to be defective. Ward 19 4 children, healthy. Ward 181 baby, in mother's arms. Ward 1G 3 ohildren, largely diseased. Word 14 8 children, largely diseaaed. Ward 13 - 10 children. Total, 113 ohildren remaining. The number of children who are diseased, in some way or other, is very large; but, with proper treatment and isolation, quite a large number of tbem can be oured so as to be admissible to tbe private institutions in a very short time. But if the Commissioners ot Charities persist iu sending healthy children to the Nursery, the diseases, instead ot being confined to tho few and eradicated, will be steadily propagated. Of all tbe wards that occupied by the pauper women is the filthiest. It is absolutely loathsome to behold, and the women in charge aro not at all suited to be in that institution. THE PRESENT PAID STAW in the Nursory is as follows : Superintendent, salary 91,500 per annum Matron, salary $30 per month, Male school teacher, salary $800 per annum. First assistant female teaohor, salary $30 per month. Second assistant female teaoher, salary. SO per month. Foar nurses, salary, each 13 per month. Four nurses (formerly paupers), salary, eaoh. Bpermonth. Tiro cooks, salary, eaoh 10 per month. Seamstress, salary 20 per month. Superintendent's olerk, salary 30 per month. Within a few days two orderlies and Ave paid nurses were discharged. Yesterday there were eighteen children transferred to private institutions under the directions of Com. Norris. It is expected that another batoh will bo sent to - morrow. CURRENT EVENTS. Mr. Gladstone has published another pamphlet against tbe Papacy declaring that "it will seize tho first" opportunity, through bloodshed, to maintain Us rule, and will, "if necessary, even plunge the world into war." Tbe sale of Mr. Gladstone's writing against tbe Papacy has been prohibited in France. The funeral of Hans Christian Andersen took place from the Frue Eirche, Copenhagen, yesterday. Tbe day was observed as one of national mourning throughout Denmark.aud the funeral was attendod by the King and members of the royal family, the ministers and chief offlcerB of tbe Government, State and municipal representatives, tbo Diplomatic Corps, the f aoulty and studonta of tbe university, workingmen's societies and gentlemon of tbe press, including Beveral connected with American journals. Supplies of heavy ordnance and other siege material have arrived at Seo de Urgel.for the AUonsistB, who exploded a magazine in the Carliat defenses on Tuesday last. Sir Charles Adderley's Shipping bill has passed tbe House of Lords, Messrs. Shaw & Thompson, iron merchants and manufacturers, of 150 Leadenhell street, London, compounded with their oreditors yesterday, for fifty cents on the dollar. They were owing $500,000. The industries of the Ottawa Valley are to be fully represented at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition, The Prussian bark Hermann Becker, of Stettin, put into Key West yesterday, with the Captain and a portion of the orew down with yellow fever. One death bad occurred, John D. Lee, of Mountain Meadow massacre notoriety, Is to be imprisoned at Camp DouglaB. The Magpie Bell cleared from Ottawa yesterday with the largest tow of lumber on record. There were twenty - three barges containing 2,750,000 feet of lumber. The collections taken up at the meetings of MesBrs. Moody & Sankey in London amounted to $200,000, and tbe expenses to $150,000. Tbe surplus, $5,000, has been appropriated for a noon day prayer meeting to De continued dally. Governor Tilden is meeting with a very enthusiastic reception in his progress through the northern part of the State. Lost night he was at Syracuse and addressed several thousand people on the subject of Reform. The Dnndee Belief Committee hare given assistance to more tban 7,000 BtrikerB. Masters and workmen continue firm, and aU attemptsat compromise have failed. The light draught naval steamer Bio Bravo, which is to patrol tbe Bio Grande, is nearly ready for active service. Win. B. Devlin, a member of the Canadian FarUament, waa committed to jail yesterday for contempt of Court. He declined to be sworn in tbe Montreal Carter election trial. Mr. Win. Hobkirk, a banker of Waupun, Wis., has disappeared with 31,500. His family fear that he has been murdered. The Indian converts to Mormonism are giving signs of an indication to become troublesome. It is stated that a large amount of the indebtedness of Duncan, Sherman & Co. held in New York is "accommodation paper" in the form of drafts drawn on them by a confidential olerk in their office, accepted by them, and sold to various banks through note brokers. The announcement Is also made that the letters of credit for whioh Mr. Dunoan, Sr., has become responsible amount only to the Bum of $30,000. The army worm has reached New Brunswick, and the ravages already committed have oreatcd wide spread alarm. The Mississippi is still rising. The Association for the Codification of the Lawe of Nations will meet at the Hague on tbe 1st prox. Among the delegates from this country will be David Dudley Field, J. V. L. Pruyn, and A. P. Sprogue, who Bailed for Liverpool yesterday in tbe steamship Bothnia, ST. AHTHONi'8 OBUBCU PICNIC. Yesterday the societies connected with St. Anthony's B. O. Church, Greonpoint, gave their annual picnio at Jackson avenue Grove, Long Wand City. At nine o'clock ft the morning several of Hamilton's stages and clarences conveyed the Sunday School children to the grounds. Most of the private residences along Union place displayed flags as the stages passed. The church Itself was handsomely decorated with Irish and American flags. The most noticeable private display waa in front of Mr. J. J. Fitzglbbon's house, where a rope, from which banners were suspended, extended across the street, one end being fastened to the Green - point M. E. Church. At the grounds the - festivities usual on such occasions were indulged In. After spending an agreeable day, notwithstanding the rain which' descended so heavily during the afternoon, the sooie - ttet formed and marched homo In body. LAGER BEER. A Trip Through the Breweries of Williamsburgh , How the Teutonic Beverage is ManufacturedA Miyion Kegs of Beer The Subterranean Regions of King Gam - brinus. Any one who has not been through the lager beer breweries in Williamsburgh, and especiaUy if he is fond of the beverage, has missed both a treat and a Bight worth seeing. There aro In Brooklyn from thirty to forty breweries, but the most of them are small affairs and do not turn out beer either at regular periods or in large quantities. There are a few to which aro attached beer gardens where the lovers of the drink can sit and get it fresh from the tap at their pleasure; the Bedford Brewery, for instance, at tbe corner of Dean street and Franklin avenue, is one ot tills kind, and commands a large local retail trade. "Bedford beer" has a very good reputation too, and if any one knows this, oertainly the Germans who frequent this brewery ought to. The prinoipal breweries are situated in Williamsburgh, and the following comprises a list of the largest and most noted: Seitz Sons, Maujor Btreet and Buahwick avenue; Henry A. Urbans, corner Buflhwlck avenue and 8oholes street; otto Hubers, in Bushwick avenue; Letbmann & Sons, in Bremen street; Ober - meir & Letbmann, opposite Lelbmann & Sons, in Bremen street; Vojelllns & TJUmers, at the end of Myrtle avenue; Alderman Heifer's, No. 13Q to No. 142 Scholes street; and Markgraf 'e, corner of Graham avenue and Meserole street. There are a number of others, but tbey are compara - tlvcly small affairs and do not compare with the ones above mentioned. The largest brewery that Williamsburgh boaeted of, was tho Kings County Brewery, but this Is no longer in existenoe. It was an Immense establishment and used to turn out 1,800 barrels of lager a week, and . the barrels, It must be remembered, are not tbe kegs whiob are sent out, a keg is merely one quarter or a barrel, but the beer Is always sent out to customers in quarter packages, bo by this it will bo Been that the Kings County Brewery, when in full dperation, turned out in the busy season SEVEN THOUSAND TWO HUNDEED KEGS OF BEEB PEB WEEK, and could, if pressed, have sent out 8,000. This establishment had two large large horizontal engines and seven steam pumps for forcing beer to vats, coolers, barrels, &c. Alderman Keifer's brewery, already spoken of, gives - employment to about twonty - flve men, turnB out in tbo busy Beason from 600 to 700 barrels per week ('2,800 kegs) and uses two steam kettles (of which more anon) of a capacity of 125 and 135 barrels respectively. It Is a particular business this brewing of beer, and each brewer vies with tbo others in placing beforo tho public a glass of lager which will stand the criticism of those consumers wbo may be said to be experts. It is a noticeable fact, too, that while all the beer is made essentially in tbe same way and from the same artioles, yet there Is a difference in the strength, taste and quality of each which a regular lager drinker oan immediately detect. The writer has known one or two Germans wbo could take a glass of beer blindtoldod (the drinkor, not the boor,) and tell from ono swallow at which of the many breweries it bad been manufactured. One man in particular, a burly, good natured German, who prided himself on bis accuracy in this particular, was not mistaken when, on one occasion, ho was given a foaming "stem" into which several kinds of lager had been poured, and when, after quaffing it slowly and with apparent deliberation, be said, "That was a brewery I haf not known yet." It is a great business this manufacturing of lager, and one that in this city gives employment to hundreds of men. Tbe most of the employes wbadomere manuolwork about a brewery receive but comparatively small wages, but there are others such as the brewer, the foromon, superintendents, Sic, wbo receive for tbeir labor a very fan compensation. Some of the browors, that is the men wbo do tho actual brewing, get as much as $60 por week, and in one or two cases have been brought out from Germany for thiB express purpose. It would be almost an impossibility to give an estimate of tho quantity of lager made and consumed in Williamsburgh alone during the year, the money value of tbe beverage would roach to such an enormous amount that it would hardly be credited, A MILLION KEGS OF BEEB would not supply the German of the Eastern District for ono year, Possibly the largest breweries now in running order in the 'Burgh are Lelbmann & Sons and Obermior & Leibmann's, both of which are situated in Bremen Btreet. To give the reader of this article a good idea of bow tbo beer is made tbo reporter went through one of the breweries which was the largest at present in operation, and from roof to cellar has tried to detail intelligently the process of oooking and brewing, of fermenting, cooling, freezing, oloarlng stocking, testing, barreling and all the lnoldontal matters which are oonneoted with the ultimate perfection of this well known drink. Now for A TBTF THROUGH A BREWEBY to see bow tbe beer is made. Tbe reporter went through it from top to bottom, this was Henry Urban 's Boulevard Brewery, oorner of Meserole street and BuBhwlck avenue, and tbo foreman Charles Keller, accompanied the scribe on hia travels. Charley is a very intelligent German and a valued man around Mr. Ur - ban's piemises. The Boulevard Brewery oonslsts of three large brick buildings, tbe first of these, where the boor is made, is a four story building neatly ornamented with stone facing. On the ground floor is the englno and boiler rooms, two or three steam pumps and other machinery for washing out kegs, eto. Ascending to a brick platform by means of a step ladder, tbe kettles, are reachod. These kettles are enormous copper vats, one of tbem which ia heated by fire, contains 140 barrels (not quarter kege) and the other, which is heated by steam holds 50 barrels. After the malt has been mashed it is put in tboae kettles, tho water being heated to a certain temperature and the hops are added to it, and here it remains for a certain time and at a regular uniform temperature, until tho beer ie brewed and ready to go to the cooling room. Aooompanying Cbarley, tbe reporter went up to the fourth story, where tbe tin coolers are placed. The entiro surface of this story is elevated to two enormous tin coolers and tbe beer ia pumped up from the KettleB below and run into these ooolers. They are very wide and shallow, and not being move than six or seven inches in depth, but tbe surface of each Is so large that tbe one will bold 160 barrels and the other about 60. After the beer has staid here until the brewer thinks it is sufficiently cool, it is next Bent down to THE COPPEB OOOLEBS, whicb are situate on tbe second floor. Passing from the top to the third floor, the malt room is reached. Here are stored thousands of bushels of malt, and in one corner are the hoppers, which conduct the grain to tbe mill on the floor below. Down stairs again and the second floor Is reached, and here are tbe malt mills, the hop room and the copper coolers before spoken of. The malt mill is merely a stationary piece of machinery in in whicb tbe malt is crushed and ground. ' The hop room is partitioned oil from the malt mills, and contains tremendous bales of hops of the very best quality. Still another partition and here are the two patent copper ooolers. Each cooler BtandB about Bix feet in height, and oonslsts of a series of copper pipes, running horizontally over each other until tbey attain the height mentioned. Ice water is forced into the lower coil of tbese pipes and it passes gradually up to tbe top one, from which it escapes through a waste pipe. The beer running down from the tin coolers above falls on the copper cooler and passes down on tbe outside of these piper and thence to a sort of trench, and out of this it escapes by a pipe to the fermenting room. Thus tbe ice cold water running in at the lowest length of the pipe of the cooler first, becomes warmer aa it ascends to the top, and so the beer, when it strikes tho upper pipes, is not immediately chilled, but grows almost ice cold gradually as it trickles from the top to the bottom of the cooler. Tbe tin cooler on the top floor cools the beer until it averages about forty or fifty degrees above zero. After passing over the copper coolers the temperature averages perhaps from ten to twenty degrees above zero. From this second floor tbe reporter passed down to the Urst floor already spoken of, and through that to a trap door. This was raised ; tho reporter and tbe foreman provided themsolves with lighted wax candles, and descended down a steep flight of stone steps and under on archway through which the oold air rushed, almost freezing tbe reporter on the spot. It must be remembered that on the floor above was tbe furnace, boiler, engines, steam pumps, etc., and It was comparatively hot there, while now, and In tbe space of two minutes, be bad descended to tbe oellars where the temperature was exactly at Ave degrees above zero, and where his breath was condensed as quiok as it left tbe nostrils and mouth, and disappeared in the shape of a mlniaturo cloud in the darkness, beyond the glimmer of tbe candles. Traversing over a well brioked but damp floor, Charley led tbe way to that part of the Immense vault where the fermenting tubes were. There were probably two dozen of these altogether, and of a capacity of from 400 to 500 kegs of beer each I The foreman placed a ladder against one of them, the reporter ascended, and saw the beer in a state of fermentation. The Burface was oovered with a dense white froth, so that the beer itself was not distinguishable. The lager remains in this - state from ten to twelve days, and tbe strictest watch is kept on the thermometers bo that a temperature of Ave degrees above zero may be constantly maintained. This is effected by having large cakes of ice placed around the floor, and as they dissolve tbey are replaced by other pieces. Thousands of tons of Ice are used hi this brewery alone in a single month, and the item in the expense account for this article is therefore by no means insignificant. After fermentation the lager Is forced by a steam pump through rubber pipes to tbe ice bouse, a distance of about 800 feet. Here it is placed in large casks, which are duly marked and bunged, and then the beer lays there until it ia old enough to put In cogs and tend out to customers. The next place visited, therefore, was ' THE IOE HOUSE, and suoh an ice house! An entire brick building in itself, and where 800 tons of toe are regularly stored. Entering this bnlldlng 1b the wash house, where returned empty kegs are washed and thoroughly, cleaned and if neoeasary tarred and pitched ; then comes the temporary ice house, where the kegs after being filled are kept until suoh time as they are sent away. Then there is the filling room, where a steam pump draws tbe lager from the capacious casks in tbe Ice house vaults and forces it into tbe kegB, which are then bunged and corked and packed away methodically In tho temporary ice house. And now Charley called for a couple more of wax candles, and looking at the reporter's alpaca ooat suggests that he had better furnish him with a heavier one aa the place to be rieited would be rather cold. "Where are you going nov3" asked the aorlbe. "In the vaulte,"he replied, "we have vaults here, and then there are those you just came out of, and then in that : other building over yonder (pointing to it) are more yet, but these vaults are the largest, and we nave the most beer stored In tbem, ao you had better come down here." The two wax candles having been brought, the aorlbe followed Charley to a large wooden door which swung heavily back on Its hinges, and waa about five or six inches tbiok and Iron bound. Entering thla It was in - BtanUy closed, and the reporter found himself standing In what was apparently a little room about five feet square, but Charley went ahead and pushed open , another door equally large and heavy u (b grit one, ana It seemed as though a blast from the Aretlo Ooean ruahod through the aperture. Passing through this the reporter wu told that It was neoeasary to have double doors, and the two doors ar never allowed to bo open at once for fear of affecting the internal temperature. Glanolng around by the light of the candle, tho reporter found himself at tho entrance of narrow passage, tbe walls whereof wore Immense beer casks, plied up three high, and from which water from tbe slowly melting loo dripped to the floor and was oarried off in narrow and multitudinous gutters. The ice was abovo aud below and the enormous brick arches were dripping with moisture and, In some instances, revealed growth of fungus. These casks, let tbe reador imagine for himself of their size. Eaoh holds forty barrels, ot iCO kegs of boer, and into each of these casks a dozen men oould enter and walk around without being very muob crowded. At the bottom of these immense receptaoles is a plaoe called the manhole, aud the reporter saw a burly, broad shouldered Gorman of five feet ten, first put bis candle In and then get in himself and walk around, and just about able to touoh the top of the interior of the cask. On this floor there wero etorod twonty - four of these oaakB, about twenty of whiob wore full of boer. The temperature here is five degrees abovo zero. After passing through, a long flight of stone stepB was descended, another door opened and another oellar entered. Like the ono above it had vaulted roof and was also filled with casks, in this oellar are stored forty - eight forty barrel and forty - eight thirty barrel caiks ninoty.six in all. Still lower, moro slimy stops of Btono descended, another door opened, and Into the third and lowest cellar. This collar FIFTY - FOUR FEET UNDER GROUND 1b Blmilar to tho others and like them Is devoted to tho stocking of beor, and tbe reporter knowa from exporl - enoo that a glass or bo of eight months' old boor, drawn from the splggot of ono of tbeBo casks and as clear as the purest amber, is something not to be thrown over the shoulder even if tho crusaders are opposed to it. In this lower cellar there aro tiered up 110 casks. In these collars men are employed night and day cleaning off tho water whicb drips from tho Ice, cloanlng out casks and doing the thousand and ono things that aro necessary to do. How they stand this constant oold temperature is hard to saj, but evory man around these brew - oriee seemB to bo healthy and strong. There must bo some virtue in beer, for thoy drink plenty of It. Mr. Urban told tbe reporter that bis employes (about thirty) drank from flvo to six kegs of beer a day ; a email fortune In a year. This establishment gives employment to twonty - elght horses and fourteen wagons, turns out about 800 kegs a day, and employs Its own coopers. Extensive building is going on now, tho entire brewery being altered so that the latest improvements can be put in, and the proprietor says that he dotormlneB to make it the model brewery of either of the slater citios, and one that can compete with any in tho country, Down in those immense cellars, thon, aftor the beor has been browed and cooled, It is lofc, to clear and ago in these casks, and at tbe oxpiratlon ot a oertaln time Is pumped up and placed in kegs for tho retail aupply. It is worth any one's wbilo to visit any of these establishments and watch the actual prooess in tbo manufacturing of beer which this article bas attempted to describe. Lager certainly has gataed ascendency In this city, at least, over all other beverages, and no doubt itB manufacture will bo brought in tiino to BUch porfoc - tion as shall put It on a par with the beer of the mothor oountry. MERRICK. Tho Way to Rot Tliorc - Sceiies Along tho Uoule - Tne Howling IIucliiiiuii How die Sinners Live on the Camp Grounds. Correspondence of the Eagle. To reach Merricfc, the shortest route is the South Side Railroad, at South Seventh street, Williamsburgh. Trains leave for that placo sown times a day, and an hour and a half's riding complotes tho Journey. The trip from the start is most pleasant, barring tbe possibilities of an aocidont, which, however, is ono of thoso minatory circumstances attendant upon railroad travel, which must bo accoptod as a natural ovont. From South Seventh street to Merrick, seventeen stations aro pasaod, viz : Bushwick, Fresh Pond, Gloudale, Richmond Hill, Berlin, Jamaica, Locust avonue, Springfield, Foster's Meadow, Valloy Stream, Bridgeport, Norwood, Hemp - stoad, Poarsall's, Rockvlllo Centre, Baldwin's and Froe - port. All thoso places are protty little towns, a gllmpBO of whose beauties can be caught from tbe cars as tbey inako abort BtoppagQB, or go whirling by. Poarnall'a, Itockville Centre and Frooport, have boon for sonio years FAVORITE SUMMER RESORTS, on account, probably, of tbeir boing so oasily accessible from the city. At these places tbore aro always a number of people to disembark from tbo oars, consequently stoppages aro almost invariably mado. Beside this at every station tbore oongrcgate persons from tbo villages, who vary tho monotony sometim ee attendant on country life, by walking or driving a oouplc of mlleB to tbo railroad station jUBt "to see the train come in." Strange to say, most of these people are of tbe femalo gondor, a fact which cannot be accounted for by any of tbe known or unknown axioms applying to the habits of tho sexes, (heir inclinations or idiosyncracios. At all events tbey do come and wait, and when tbe train arrives every window is scanned and stared at. If there be a gentleman at one of tbem and he should dare to return tbe glance, be generally hears tho remark whispered to a companion from the platform, "Isn't he nice?" or, "How ugly," or, "How Impudent," or,;"What a noble face, "or, "Don't you think he's real rude?" etc. Tho femalo characteristic is sure to crop out, la the fact that tbey doom it perfectly right they should staro people out of countenance, and that If tbey are met In tho same spirit the person who does bo bas never studied politencsB. What would otberwlso be A MONOTONOUS RIDE ia relieved by little incidents of this nature. The trip is always productive of something of that klud. I f , however, tbore sbould bo a dearth of aucb events, tho soonery along the road Is well worth studying. A variety of natural attractions are presented. Tho ooean can be seen at one point, in all the grandour of ita vaBt - nos8 ; at another point, thick woods and rugged rocks ; at another, smiling fields of wheat and grain ; at another, green pastures, studded with browsing cows, and prancing Btoeds seeming glad at being released from tbe opnnn'es of traooB and harness. All these scenes are interspersed with tho little towns, which serve aa Bort of relishes to the feast on nature's beauties. At last Merrick is reached. The train stops with a loud shriek which makes woman jump and children scream. The brakeman yells in tones as shrill as tbo whistle, Mer - ri - ck ! and every one makes a rush to get out of tho cans. Soon the little veranda in front of tho station is filled to overflowing with dusty camp meeting peoplc.'.The surroundings are not significant of roligion and do not Savor of Methodism. THE YELLING OF THE BAGGAGE MEN, interspersed with occasional damaging adjectives, la likely to disabuse any one of tbe idea that the entranao to Merrick is through religious doors. Tbe camp meeting grounds aro a mile and a half away. It Is not possible that the influence of the religion tboro preached do not extend that distance 1 If they did, there would be IesB levity and more sober, religious thoughtfuiness at the depot than at present exists. But "the grounds" are far, far away. How do you reach them? Do you really want to know? Well, weary sinner, rest thou In contentment and thou shalt see. Ooming along the road at a snail's pace are two fanners' wagons, drawn by horses who look as though they wish themselves dead. In the course of a short time the wagons arrive, and Immediately commences a trial of strength of lungs between tbe two drivers, .whose ultimate object is to secure as many passengers as possible In the shortest space of time. " Here you are now, Nice wagons for camp meeting grounds. Take you up there for ten cents, and you'll be glad of the bargain," eto., and tbey vary and twist their words and get things backward and upside down until the crowd, to escape the Importunities of these walling bedlamites, climb Into tbe wagons, and are driven In triumph to the campmeetlng grounds The locality WHERE RELIGIOUS SEEVIOES ARE HELD is about a mile square, and ia fenced in by an old fashioned country rail fence, with the exception of that part near tho entrance to tho enclosure, whicb has a white painted lath fence. Inside tbe appearance presented is interesting, and one could amuse himself for an hour by observing the various scenes presented, which ore generally onos of busy activity. If there are not services In progress at tbe grand stand, tbe women have plenty to do In attending to household duties, for it must be understood that people cant live on religion alone at camp meetings, and though they may "get" religion they eat just as much and seem to know when meal times come with customary sagacity. The tents (which ore qulto numerous, and are promiscuously sprinkled over tho grounds,) are occupied by families just tho same aa are the cottages. The floors are carpeted and one room generally suffioes for parlor, kitchen and bedroom. But notwithstanding this fact, whicb one would suppose would lead to a continual discouragement lu appearance of the tents, thoy always look neat and clean and present a remarkably Inviting appearance. The occupants are up and doing by hah past flvo o'clock in the morning. BREAKFAST IS OVEB BY SIX, religious services are attended at soven, homes are returned to at nlnej tbe remainder of tbo household work is finished by ten, a walk or a chat consumes another hour, then comes dinner, and so the morning Is spent. The afternoons are consumed in attending religious services and in various amusements. The evenings are devoted elao to going to church and going to bed. In this manner the day is spent. There is not much variety to it, but the people at Merrick seem to enjoy It, and if they do it is nobody's business whether their life Is monotonous or not. The weather since Sunday has been passably agreeable. At times it has been too warm, at other times too cool, and sometimes oloudy and a trifle rainy. Still, when the condition of tbings in tbo weather line all over this portion of the Stato for the last week is taken into consideration, the camp meeting folks are to be congratulated that they have escaped so luckily. Tbe Pavilion restaurant bas been opened, and mealj are served at reasonable prices a (Jod send to transitory visitors. O. NEW YORK AND LONG ISLAND BRIDGE. X New Plan Submitted and. Favorably BecelTed XneOld Plan Abandoned. The Board of Directors of the New York and Long Island Bridge Company held an adjourned meeting yesterday afternoon at their ofiloe, No. 108 Broadway, New York. Mr. W. Stolnway, President of the Company, occupied the chair. Tbe Board agreed unanimously to extend the time for the Mceptlon of plans to the 7th of September, and to bold the next regular meeting the day following. Professor Wm. P. Ti owbridge, of Now Haven, presented a plan with drawings. It has for ita basis what is known aa the oatiievor principles, which consists In resting the rigid aide beams of a bridge at the centre Soint on the supporting plera,the halves of their length iat project on either aide being sustained from the towers by means of suspension rods, and are also anchored to the earth through hollow una columns. THE PLAM iras considered so favorably that an adjournment was decided upon to give the directors opportunity to further consider K, The Board haa decided npon abandoning the 'original idea of a suspension bridge In two sections. The cause for this obapge la the Intention to run a double raih - oad traok for Long Island trains, and the construction of a suspension bridge of the propoaed length equal to the strain has never yet been tried. The bridge will extend over both arms or the - Bast River, from SeventyJeeventh street, New York, to Astoria, Long IeUnd. Two of lb) piers will be on the opposite shores of Block well's Island. The spans will be 135 feet above ( Ugnwata. PROSPECT PARK Interesting Facts Concerning its Cost. A Valuable Financial Record for Beady Reference. The interesting sketch of the Tark Commissioner, published in tbe Eaqui of yesterday, may bo appropriately followed by a record of a few facts concerning the cost of Prospect Park, which unquestionably occupies a consplouous position In the front rank of tbe finest or tbe great and picturesque publio breathing places of America. Suoh a financial oxhlblt cannot fail to prove both interesting and valuable In serving to far - nlah tho public with trustworthy information on an Important subject, regarding whiob thare la a groat lack of general knowlodgo. According to statements mads by Park President Stranahan and Controller Quevedo, during recont conversations between those gentlomen and an Eaolk reporter relative to Park asaoasmenta, tbe original cost of all tbe lands acquired by tba city for the construction of Prospeot Park was t,000,000, in round numbers. Of this amount (3,300,000 waa paid for tbo Ave hundred acres now comprising tbe Park, and JSOO.OOO for tho 117 acres, or 1,200 oity lota known as the East Side Park Undo, which are bounded by Van - dorbllt and Flatbush avonuoe, the city line, Washington avenue and Warron stroot. Whon it was decided that tho land now encompassed by tho boundaries of tho Park was sufficient, thcro was a proposition made for A SALE OF THE EAST SIDE LANDS, which with tho other adjacent land had been taken for park purposes in 1805. Leglalattvo authority was obtained for tbo proposed Bale, but tbe neighboring property owners strenuously insisted that tho lands should be oouverted into a park to form a section of Prospect Park. Tho legality of the enactment authorizing a solo was contested in the courte by the interested proporty holders, but it waa confirmed both by the rluprenfa Court and the Court ol Appeals, and since thon tbe Park Commissioners have been awaiting a favorable ' markot for the proposed sale. Meanwhilo, however, about $200,000 has been exponded in improving the East Sldo lands in order to uiako them moro saleable. The principal Improvement recently completed Is the Sackett street boulevard, which extends from the Grand Plaza to Washington avenue, aud is 210 feet wide, having a uiaoadamlied driveway 60 feot wide, with promenados on oither side, 30 feet wide, lined with trees, the promenades being flanked by separate drivowoys each 25 feet wide, and these in turn being flanked by sidewalks 12 1 - J foot wide, also lined with trees, making throo drivewaya, two promenades and two Bldewalks, About 100 hilly lots hare also been leveled and an equal number of low lots filled along tho boulevard. Tbese, with other minor improvements, make tho East Side lands which, tbougb stony, havs a good subsoil and afford excellent building sites, worth about $2,600,000, according to an ostiniate by President Stranahan, who is confident that sum may be fully realized with a roturn of greator ao - tivity in real estate. ins IMPROVEMENT OF PROSPEOT PARK, according to tho Bamo authority, baa cost;about $4,800, - 000, exchiBivo of tbo amount expendod in Improving ths East Side laudB. This, with tbo $3,200,000 oxpondod for tbe land ooiupoalng tho Park proper, would make gross coBt of about $8,000,000, which will, however, bo reduced to a not cost of $5,500,000 by tho sale of the Euat Side lands and tbe payment or tbe aBsesamonta for boneflt of surrounding proporty which aro now in process of collection In annual Installments. The Commissioners of Assessment, appointed by tho Supreme Court for the purpose, originally laid an assessment of $3,0110,000 on roal estato, surrounding tho Park, and especially benofltod by lta construction. Tho assessed property owners, howover, complained that thoir assessment was excessive, though tbo Commissioners of Assessment estimatod it at only about twenty por cent, of tho benefit actually dorivod. An act of the Legislature waa, therefore, procured, reducing the assessment about one half, so that tho present assessment for privato benefit is estimated at only about ten per cent, of tho actual benefit received. By a legislative enactment In 1872, it was provided that $201,000 of the total assessment for benefit should bo levied upon the East 8lde lands, aud under theao various enaclmonts tho Commissioners laid tbo following ASSESSMENT FOR BENEFIT : On a certain district bordering tho Park, tbo assoss - mont on each pioco or parcel of proporty boing governed by its contiguity to tho Park, proporty lying nearest tho improvement being assessed for groator bonoOt tban moro romotely situated property, ou sonio of which the aBsessincnt waa practically for ouly a nominal amount : Total assuaaiaent for benefit $1,479,833 Amount on property lu Flatbush 243,451 Balanco on proporty In Ilr joklyn $1,236,88! Amount on Kasl Slue lauds 201,000 Balance on privato property In Brooklyn $1,035,331 This assessment it was provided should be payable in equal annual Installments with interest for twenty yearn, but the Flatbush property owners, through an appeal to the Supreme Court, having sucoondod in getting their assossmont set aside on tho technical ground that it is illegal to assoas proporty in one town or city for benofit derived from an Improvement in another town or city, notwithstanding that they admitted that tbeir property had boon greatly benefited by the Improvement, the $213,451 whioh had been assessed upon proporty in Flatbush was thrown on tho City of Brooklyn. The first annual installment of the assessment for benefit to private property has been already collected, and tho socond Is now in prooess of collodion. The total assessment upon tbe olty at largo about $3,000,000, ia met by city bonds, issued for long terms, and for the payment of which, at maturity, a certain amount is annually placod in the tax levy, but against which tbe sale of tbe East Sido lands would make a largo offset. THE ACTUAL COST OF THE PARK, according to the foregoing, Is, in round numbers, as follows : OiiRiaal cost, of lands $4,030,000 Coat of improvement of ditto 6,000,009 Gross coit of land and Improvements $9,000,000 Gross value of East Side lands $2,500,000 Benefit assessmont on ditto 200,000 Nntv. - luoof KastSlile lands $2,100,000 Bonetit assessment on private property . . 1,240,000 8300.001 Net cost of Prospoct Park $5,500,000 Although tbe Park la generally regarded as practically completed, President Stranahan says that there is still some surfaco finishing necessary and a fow moro bridges and roadways to be built. The estimated cost of these additional Improvements is about $750,000, which would increase tho total net coat to about $6,250, - 000. The accomplishment of tbe finishing touches fa not intended to bo undertaken until the expiration of about tbreo years, but when thoy shall have boon consummated Brooklyn will bo even more entitled than now to claim the honor and benefit of having the finest and most attractive park of its size on this Bide of the Atlantic - THE ELEVATED UAILROAD MODEL. To the Editor of the Brooklyn Eagle; Having had occasion to examine the model of the Elevated Safety Railroad at tbo City Hall, I am neither directly nor indireotly interested, but favoring feasible rapid transit, as a citizen, let me point out some defects of tbat model, and tbo rights of oittzens opposing it on Bound aud reaaonablo grounds in general: 111. The iron columns, supporting the wholo structurs with trains, set near tbe curb, make the cross girder say 00 feet or 100 feet between bearings, acoordiug to width of Btreet. These girders must oe of Immonso strength and cost, If of sufficient strength to boar two trains running close to the middle of said girders, and then boing cut to admit tapping of girders to support the girders on whioh the rails rest. Tbe question arises whether in a street of 100 feot in width tho cross gfrd - ers will not break without a train running thereon? 2. Tho span between columns appears 60 feet for second claaa of glrdsra. WIU a train be safely supported on suoh long girders? Bo much for safety. Now for silent running: Iron rails bolted to Iron girders, framed into Iron cross girders which rest on iron columns, having probably atone foundations, will maka the greatest Jarring whioh possibly can be produced. 8. What allowance is made for expansion or contraction of girdora whoroon tho rails rest? All the useless bolting or rivotlng will not make the road safe, nor Prevent the natural force produced. Tho numerous) olts, rivets, bearings, fastenings and consequent Btrain will not mako the structure safe, but shows a look of planning and constructive engineering, producing settlements for rust to accumulate, which the rain will wash down on carriages, wagons, or persons passing; underneath. Now I come to the main questions, will such a road benefit the public by low fares, and will it pay for investments? Wherever tho motor haa to be carried with its machinery on wheels ia too expensive, necessarily requires making up of trains to pay for motor, to run at such intervals as the travel requires, to miss such a train and waiting for another is not rapid transit ; any person will spend the waiting time in a slow horso car, reaching hia destination sooner, In preference ; an expensive motor, say steam with an elevated road put up at enormous coata, cannot allow low fareey and will prove a failure, I am Inclined to think that safe elevated road can be built tor one - quarter of costs, run for ten per cent, of steam train motor, bringing fares down to one - half, and having cars pose every minute or leas If required. Having pointed out soma defects in the practicability of the model the so called safety or silence with tho supposed benefits to tho public or Inventors, I hope that the Company willing to give the city rapid transit will change to a mora practicable and feasible plan, which oitlzens and property owners will approve of. Respectfully yours, A Oitizeic. SHOPIjIFTEBS. Two young men yesterday afternoon entered the clothing store of Martin Bipp, No. 167 Fourth atreet, and asked to be shown two pairs of pants. Mr. Bipp complied with their request, and after examining; tbem they left without making a purchase. Tbey bad not gone long when Mr. Bipp missed a piece ol cloth valued at $30. It ia not Unusual For patients suffering from diseases for which solphur baths are recommended, to travel thousands of miles to avail themselves of sulphur bathing. Tbey would find it less expensive to buy Glenn's Soxfoub Soap and bathe at home. Sold everywhere. BUSINESS NOTICES. S. O. P. BRANDY, 81.60 per bottle ; $7 per gal ; old and mellow. Over 100 oaska bought at half its value, and sold as a leading artiole by na. Also Mattel, Hermeaiy. Otard, Renault, Bazarao Brandies Imported In casks and oases. Blaokberrjr aud Oherrr BTnodp!oaBant Valley Wine Co.'s Brandies are perfeoUf Dure, and fine, fruity flavor. pure, aau H - B - KIRK A Co., 69 Fulton st. N. ELECTRO SILICON Has received the award of the American Institute as tha best article known for cleaning and DOUshlng stiver ware and all tine metals. Sold by druggist, jewelers, hoota furnlsblns and grooery stores. BROOKLYN EAGLE JOB PRINTING OFFIO. BOOK AND JOB PRINTING OF SVBRr DBSOBKTION, LITHOGRAPHING, Q BN STBRBOTYPIN) AKD BLANK BOOK MANUFACTURING, BOOKBINDING DONE IN BVBBY BTYLB. MAMMOTH POSTBR PRINTINO A BPBOIALTSf THB FINB8T COLOBBD WORK IN TUB OOUNTRY.

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