Page 12, Friday, January 22, 1971 Redlands, Calif. Kennedy's magic name failed him yesterday In popular fancy the very name "Ken- w-.dy" is presumed to be a talisman, possessing magical political powers. Whatever misfortunes may befall the Senator from Massachusetts, his name, alone, will see him through. There may be a strong element of truth in this so far as the public is concerned. And, in the long run, it may be the controlling factor that will put him in the race for the Presidency. But the Senate of the United States is something else again. That's a club whose members are the champions of American politics. They got there by a realistic understanding of the Great Game of Politics. One thing that all Senators know is that scmebody has got to do the hard, tedious, daily chores of making a political party work. To be a satisfactory majority leader, or party whip, a man has to be on the ball. He can't get by on his mere name or by popularity based on a likeable personality. By all signs, Senator Kennedy has been tried and found wanting. Otherwise, it would hardly have been possible for Senator Robert C. Byrd to unseat him yesterday and win for himself the position of Democratic whip. Apparently the Southern conservatives, w h o prefer ( one of their own, were happy to switch to the West Virginian and there were enough disenchanted northerners to join them. While this came as a great surprise, it never has been a trait of any of the three Senators Kennedy to have a love for the daily grind in the Upper House. John Kennedy often seemed to find the pedestrian pace boring and his political interests were • on the broader national stage — an interest that made him President. If Edward Kennedy's political star was rising rapidly at this time, his defeat in the Senate probably wouldn't hurt him with the people. But since the tragedy at Chap- paquidick bridge, his fortunes have been muddled. From a California point of view it must be said that what hurts Ted Kennedy hurts the junior senator from our state. John Tunney won election both through the weakness of Senator George Murphy as a candidate and from Tunney's resemblance to his old college chum and present political • pal, Senator Kennedy. If Senator Kennedy's future is, in fact, dimmed by his defeat as Democratic whip, then the shadow is also cast over Tunney —the Kennedy agent for California affairs. Smog policy adopted The San Bernardino County Air Pollution Control District is currently embarked on an effective policy of industrial smog control. A set of stronger regulations have been adopted by the Board of Supervisors. Citations of offending companies are being made, with cases being tried in the courts. Kaiser is presently being prosecuted on eight citations in the Fontana Court. Where variances are sought, they come before the 3-man appeals board headed by Attorney Fred Dill of Redlands. The cases are being expeditiously. handled in a judicial manner. The Redlands Chamber of Commerce has «f i f\ • now taken a policy position which says, in MITiely ij/UOTe . effect, that the district is taking the prop- Most of ^ fa Washingkm have er course of action. There is no justification seen a lot of mismanagement in for a policy of blind intolerance toward in- government programs. But mil- dustry, demanding that any business that itary assistance is the first pro- can't instantly meet the standards be shut gram i have come across that j appears to be characterized by unmanagement. —Sen. William Proxmire, D- Wis. a Grain Of Salt By Frank and Bill Moore On April 9, 1968 at 6:31 p.m.. City Clerk Peggy Moscley was in her office at City Hall, working on the City Council election which would close at 7 p.m. Suddenly the floor trembled. Fearing that the earthquake might drop a lighting fixture on . her head she ducked under her desk. Fortunately, the quake did not release a "bomb" on her nor did it do much more than create dinner-table excitement throughout Our Town. At Callech's Seismological Laboratory in Pasadena, however, the earthquake triggered human activity as an' alarm bell does in a fire station. From a network of seismological stations, scattered widely in Southern California, data was instantly transmitted over telephone wires to the lab. There, Dr. Charles Richter and his colleagues plotted the results which showed the epicenter was at Borrego Mountain, 20 miles west of the Saltan Sea and 40 miles northwest of El Centro. Like volunteer firemen responding to an alarm, the Cai- tech geologists sped from wherever they happened to be in Pasadena to the lab. They cranked up three trucks, each of which had a trailer and sped off through the night. When dawn began to break over the distant hills in Mexico at 5 a.m. they were on location. Surprisingly, they had to work. feverishly. They — and other . seismologists of the U.S. Geological Survey — had 28 portable seismographs and they set these up. in various location to get as much data on after-quakes, and as soon after the main shock, as they could. The results were •to be surprising and to stimulate new.thinking about quakes. At Ocotillo Wells they found that the black-top pavement of State Route 78 was cracked, side to side. The white line in the center had been .offset and they made careful measurements. Dr. Clarence Allen, who showed pictures of the road Wednesday evening' to the UC-Riverside Extension class on the earthquake faults, was delighted. The line was a satisfactory sub- situte for a fence — the structure 'that offsets in most earthquakes. The Borrego desert, he observed, is one of those rare localities in California whero there are no fences at all. With considerable humor he then went on to tell of why such rapid study of the fault trace — the crack in the ground — was necessary. "Ocotillo Wells," he quipped, "is the dune buggy capital of California. Half of the population of Southern California was down there because it was Spring vacation week." . The quake made a visible crack in the ground which could be followed for 30 miles. But the Caltech geologists had to inspect and photograph it quite quickly. "It became the 'in thing' for the dune buggy jockeys to drive with their left wheels on one side of the trace and the right wheels on the other," he laughed. -The dune buggies messed up the beautiful fracture in about a day. Dr. Allen was somewhat philosophical, however, because in the open desert — for lack of offset fences — there were old wheel tracks on 1he. sand which were offset could be observed. "Also, the wind blows' sand into the trace and it soon loses its freshness," he explained. The Kodachrome slide which he projected showed what looked like an irrigation furrow, almost filled with white sand. (First of a series) Bobby Baker's ordeal; torture by television By ERNEST CUNEO Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 58, lowest 38.. After eight months of inconvenience, Redlands motorists today are saying it was worth waiting for as they enjoy a new easy access route to the Freeway with completion of the Tennessee street widening. Citrus workers battle freezing temperatures during the early morning hours with the heaviest orchard heating of the season. A "topping out" ceremony for the Loma Linda University Medical Center Tuesday will mark its structural completion. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 69, lowest 45. Assemblyman Jack Beaver of Redlands introduces bill which would authorize and encourage the teaching of foreign languages in the state's elementary schools. Linda Nelson elected to reign as queen over Redlands High's Winter Ball. . • Margaret Rhoades takes office as noble grand of Redlands' Sapphire Rebekah Lodge. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 53, lowest 48. Schools to hold dedication ceremonies tomorrow for both the new Lugonia school and the new multipurpose and classroom building at Lincoln. University Methodist church celebrates its 50th anniversary with groundbreaking- -for new Sanctuary, and student lounge. Jan Ebmeier and Gail Winans second and third to enter Orange Show Queen contest under Jaycee sponsorship. Quick Quiz Q — Is smog a coined word? A — Yes, it is a term for a fog blackened and thickened by city smoke. Q — What is the origin of the word "myrmidon,'- meaning one who follows orders without question? A — it stems from the-original myrmidons, who were Greek warriors from Thessaly who followed Achilles, their king, to- fight in the siege of Troy. All experienced motorist rates roadside eating places from four stars down to "travelers warning." The dedicated Republican friend says that, if Ed Muskie gets credit for pure air, he's going to refuse to breathe it. Residents of the District of Columbia finally get a chance to vote for a delegate to Congress. The capital of the world's greatest democracy seems to have con- ' vinced itself there's something in it. It is true that you never forget how to ice skate, but over the years your ankles kind of lose interest. An educator says every child should have access to a dictionary. Which is then used mainly in proving daddy is wrong. Judging by what we have heard and seen brought back.from France by tourists, it is a 'great year for wine and a non-vintage one for color slides. Berry's World A whale of an act By NORTON MOCKRIDGE "You're a true artist in the contemporary sense, producing an ephemeral thing to be experienced—not to be bought and otrnedl" MIAMI BEACH. — Hugo is a very nice killer whale. One of the nicest of the killer whales. And he doesn't really want to hurt anybody. However, if you stick your head too far down his throat, well ... it irks him a bit. Nine hundred and ninety-nine times out of a thousand, if you put your head into his mouth .while he's standing up in the. water, treading water with his tail, he won't bite you. But watch out that next time! Couple of months ago one of the 'trainer's at" Hugo's house — the Miami Seaquarium — was doing his thing: putting his, head into Hugo's mouth, and that was not a very good day. "What I'd say," said a trainer, "is that Hugo didn't mind the trainer putting his head between his teeth but apparently he put his head a little bit too far down and it bothered him. So, he closed his mouth. I wouldn't say that Hugo bit him because if he wanted to he could bite his head off, but I think Hugo wanted to make an impression. ' •' "The trainer had to have 10 stitches taken in his head and neck. However, he finished the show : — that is, after Hugo let him go — and he did two more shows before.going to the hospital. Hugo's not a vicious animal, but he just likes things his own way." • Hugo is the star of the Miami Seaquarium and what a show he puts on! He's a pretty big guy and he's going to get bigger. When he. was netted" in Puget Sound, he was two years old, weighed one ton and was 13V4 feet long. He got to the Seaquarium in 1968" and he's been growing ever since. When. he reaches voting age he'll be 30 feet long, weigh about 20,000 pounds and have a six-foot dorsal fin. .That's a lotta whale!' Hugo, beinjjf a killer whale (Orcinus orca), is really the king of the sea, and. he's, afraid of nothing. He can open his mouth as .wide as the Holland Tunnel, and each jaw has 20 to 28 conical teeth. He' can grab and shallow porpoises -and '• sea lions whole, and .never even burp. -' ', But Hugo, jet black with a. white throat and belly and white spots on his head, would rather play' than gobble sea lions and' people. He. has a white-sided- dolphin in the pool with him. to keep him company and then, of course, he has the human trainers who put on a show - with him several times a day. .' One of the trainers, dressed like a sea captain, gets into a small plastic boat, takes a.dum my wooden, harpoon and tows out into the middle of Hugo's pool — • to. harpoon himself a whale. .Make believe; of course. Hugo watches all this and then when the boat gets to the center of the pool, 'he; flashes through the water, surfaces: under the boat and . throws , boa t, man, harpoon and oars high into the air. Then, as the man flounders in. the water, Hugo goes for him and the audience- cries:' "Ooooh!" and some.of the,ladies cover tiieir eyes. But Hugo swims beneath the trainer, lifts him onto his back and then gently ferries" him to' the dock from which he' camei The" trainer clambers onto the dock and- Hugo goes back to the center of the pool, gets under the capsized boat and ferries that, too,- to the dock. He returns for the trainers's cap, and oars and even Hie harpoon, which he triumphantly carries to the dock in his mouth. Then, Jor a whale of a finish, Hugo swims slowly close to the dock and lets the trainer step onto his back. With the man standing there, holding on to nothing, Hugo swims' swiftly around the pool and takes him back to the dock. If the trainer falls off, however, Hugo frolics happily, as though laughing at him, and he won't let Urn get out of the water. Every time the trainer tries to climb up on- the dock, Hugo playfully nudges him with his snout and shoves him 10 feet away. Another trainer has to lure Hugo into a barred section of the pool offering buckets of'fish,: to permit the other guy to climb back onto the dock. Hugo thinks • that's the most fun-, and/- one way or the other, he knows he'lt get a few buckets of-fish. The dolphins, in. another pool at the Seaquarium, are also lots, of fun, but they don't have the built-in menace'of Hugo, the killer whale. Extremely intelligent, the dolphins, Boston and Jinx, just love to play with their trainers and they can do nearly anything, from jump>»g through hoops held 10 feet above the water, to bowling, to tossing balls into baskets, to leaping as much as 20 feet into the auto grab a fish. "Unlike whales," a trainer told me, "the dolphin is relatively easy to train because he adores having a fuss made over him, 'he wants to be the center of attention, and he simply cannot bear to be ignored." Just like lots of people. Only more talented, perhaps. The Almanac Today is Friday, Jan. 22,. the 22nd day of 1971. The moon-is between its first quarter and full phase. The morning stars are M^ars, .Jupiter and Venus. The evening starts Saturn. Those born on this date are under the sign-of Aquarius. British Poet Lord Byron was born Jan. 22, 1788. ' On this day in history: In 1789 the first American novel, "The Power of. Sympathy," by Sarah Morton, was published in Boston. In 1952 former Secretary of War ' Robert Patterson, was among 29 persons killed when an airliner;crashed into a TOW of apartment houses in Elizabeth, N. J. 1 In 1963 .French President De Gaulle and .West: German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signed a treaty pledging cooperation in foreign policy, defense and cultural, affairs. .'In 1968 Communist North Korea seized the V.S. intelligence ship "Pueblo" in the Sea of Japan and took ' 83 crewmen captive.' The crew was released after .11 months--: North Korea kept the vessel.. 'A thought''for today: "British Scientist- Havelock-EIUB said, ; "A man must not swallow more beliefs than -he can digest." . Cut a Stradivarius violin in half with a ripsaw and the esthetic effect couldn't be worse than the headline "Bobby Baker Goes to Jail." Bobby Baker has bitter faults, bitterly has he answered them and bitterly he should. But the bitterest aspect of this tragedy is that Bobby Baker is one of the ablest young men ever to enter the service of the Republic. His rise was no accident. He was as attuned to the business of the Congress of the United States in general and the Senate in particular as a Kreisler to his violin. Intuitively, he had what Churchill called "a' sense of the House." He also had as his mentors two of the best conductors in the history of both. House Speaker Sam Rayburn and Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson. Between these two conductors, both houses of' Congress dwelled in deep harmony, in which no discordant note was struck when the nation was in crisis, as President Dwight D. Eisenhower repeatedly and gratefully acknowledged. One may or may not like Lyndon B. Johnson, but the fact is that, when he took the baton as President, he orchestrated the 89th Congress into the most massive and effective domestic legislation in American history. Bobby Baker had no part in this; by then, his travails had started. But he had been apprenticed to the art and, in it, he acquired prodigious dexterity. The Chinese have a saying that, though a man may be the most honest of men for a hundred years, he may fall in a second of temptation. It happened only once to Barefoot Joe Jackson, in the Black Sox World Series scandal; but once was once too many. The adoring kids ran after him and their tearful uniform plea has become an idiom of the language, "Say it ain't so, Joe." The majority on both sides of the aisle had the same reaction when Bobby was accused because he not only had their full confidence in his judgments, but . their absolute faith in his integrity. He had earned it. He was swift, sure and direct in the many decisions he made. And, he was absolutely frank in his opinions, particularly on committee assignments and on the status of legislation. A senator might not like the information of Baker's judgment, but never for a second was there a doubt as to where the question, the senator or Baker stood, and Baker's word was absolute. In the Congress, like the New York Stock Exchange, practically all agreements are unwritten, depending entirely on the honor of the members. Baker's word was never questioned for the good reason that he was utterly honorable. Indeed, it explains his extraordinary effectiveness. ' ,. This, of course, does not excuse those acts of which a jury of his peers found him guilty; but the high esteem of the Congress does illustrate the depth and tragedy of his fall. But though American politics is an arena, it is not a colosseum. It is not an American custom as it was a Roman one, to cut a man's throat when he is down. If, as the Chinese proverb declares, a man may stand honorable and erect for a hundred years and fall in a second, it is also an American one that a fallen man may rise again. Bobby Baker declared ha would present himself, unescorted, at the Lewisburg prison gates. Bobby Baker kept his word. When he arrived, not only was he unnecessarily handcuffed for the walk across the street, but he was subjected to a most outrageous violation of his right of privacy and personal dignity by being marched before the television cameras. If this was designed to shame him, by this very fact it is an indictment of a miserable prison system so far removed from the ordinary, human sensitivities that it itself is a far greater shame to a free people. It is beside the point that such act comes close to contempt of court, because the court ruled that Bobby Baker's honor was sufficient bond for his appearance. But it is not beside the point that this unjustified' humiliation is in the nature of a cruel, unusual and unconstitutional punishment by holding up a helpless man and his family to torture by television. Not even Frank Costello was subjected to this when he appeared before the Senate. This much must be said for the mobs of the colosseum; they always demanded the blood of the fallen, but not the humiliation of his wife and children. Bobby Baker's service to this nation far exceeds his deb's; whatever his debts, he is paying for them now. Next December, he will be eligible for parole. Far more important than parole, he is entitled to a pardon — if only by way of the Republic asking his pardon — for the cruel, unusual and ,un- precendented. punishment it has inflicted upon him and his family. Public school reform plans disregard pesrty lines By BRYCE W. ANDERSON It appears that efforts at legislative reform of California's public school system will disregard party lines this year. Republican Gov. Ronald Reagan, in his "State of the State" message, echoed the call for school accountability sounded by the new superintendent of public instruction, Wilson C. Riles, who — although he hoicks a nonpartisan office — is a Democrat. "Over the past 18 months," said Reagan, "the Governor's Commission on Education Reform . . . has been studying the program changes necessary to restore some meaning to the elementary and secondary school programs. I can tell you of their dismay over the functional illiteracy evidenced by so many of our high school graduates. Far too many of these young men and women have failed to acquire the ability to read, to write, to compute and to communicate. It is not enough to say they have failed; it is more pertinent to ask, 'has the system failed?' and' if so how can it. be corrected?" Introduced in the new legislature even before the governor's speech was AB 56 by Democratic Assemblyman Bill Greene of Los Angeles. It provides that a pupil can be passed, promoted, or graduated "solely on the basis of his achievement in the course of study . . . and the age of the pupil shall not be taken into consideration for such purposes." This strikes at the prime cause of the functional illiteracy among high -school graduates to which Ahe governor referred: the automatic promotion system. If Democrat Greene's bill becomes law, the schools will be forced to a measure of accountability. The Republican governor also spoke of the need for more technical training in the public schools — a subject about which there has been much talk but not very much' action. "Almost half of our California young people do not go to college," Reagan noted. "We 'should move to lift technical education to its proper status •and help it fulfill its tremendously important role." Again, it was Democrat Bill Greene who introduced legislation to carry out,- at least in part, what the, Republican governor advocated. In three bills — AB 54, 60, and 61 — he provided for a vocational staff in' the office of the chancellor of the California community colleges, for inclusion of vocational-technical schools in the community colleges, and for a vocational education fund not to exceed $50 million to get the program going. "There is always need for innovation in any system; education must be no exception," said the Republican governor. "There are those who see the 'voucher plan' as the answer to making schools more responsive. There are others who see it as a threat of unutterable.evil. No one on either side seems to have facts upon which to base his often emotional stand. Why shouldn't we undertake some pilot tests in selected districts and thus introduce some facts into the debate?" Democratic Assemblyman Leo J. Ryan of South San Francisco introduced a bill to do just that. His AB 29 would set up "demonstration scholarship ' programs" in an unspecified number of districts, with each school child to receive a "scholarship" (voucher) to pay for his education at a school chosen by his parents. Ryan also -introduced a proposed constitutional amendment (ACA 9) which would make the voucher system statewide. Declaring that "the original and legitimate reasons for tenure no .longer exist," the Republican governor called for "a judicious,, sensible phase-out" of the tenure system. There will be bills along this line, too — some of them, very likely, introduced by Democrats. One-Minute Pulpit But let each one test'his own work, and then his reason to boast will be in himself alone and not in his neighbor.'— G'ala- tians 6:4. "'.'•' ' Every man' is the painter and sculptor of his o \vn life.— Saint John Chrysostom, ancient Christian writer.
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