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*AGB EIGHT (ARK.)' COURIER NEWS THE BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE COURIER NEWS CO, ;'• . H. W. HA1NES, Publisher HARRY A. RAINES, Assistant Publisher A. A. FREDRICKSON, Editor PAUL, D. HUMAN, Advertising Manager Bolt National AdverUsmjr, ; RepresenUtivei: Wallace Witrrier Co.. New York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta, Memphis. . ^ Entered as second class matter at the post- office at Blytheville, Arkansas, under act of Congress, October 9, 1917. Member of The Associated Press SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier In the city of Blytheville or any suburban town where carrier service is maintained, 25c per week. By mall, within a radius of SO miles (5.00 per year, $2.50 for six months, $1.25 for three months; by mall outside 50 mile zone, (13.50 per year payable in advance. Meditations Can a man lake fire In his bosom, and hU clothec not be burned? Can one go upon hot coal*, and his fret no4 be burned?—Proverbs 6:27-28. * * * Find out the cause of this effect, Or rather say, the cause of this delect, For this effect defective conies by cause. —Shakespeare. Barbs The distance around the equator Is said to have shrunk over, one and one-half'miles in the past 100 years. Better plan some other trip. * * * A minor leazue ball player married a movie actress. Maybe' he'a weak 'on curve*. * . * * \ An English scientist claims we are longer In the morning than in the evenng. And much shorter on Friday than on Monday. * 1 ' * . '• .Why is, it' «o many speeding auto, drivers always follow the middle of the road policy? * * * The price of haircuts has'come as near at anything to making it pay to be a poet. Western Europe Defense Needed for World Peace It's good news that the foreign ministers of the 12 North Atlantic Pact nations have moved closer to building ah integrated armed force for the defense of western Europe. Their meeting -in New-York,sounded as if they meant business. Deputies will gather in London Oct. 15 to consider overall political, economic and military aspects of the jpint defense effort. Near'the end of October, defense ministers will meet in Washington to plan details of the' unified force. They're expected then to choose a chief 'of staff—not a supreme .commander—to have responsibility''for'training and organizing the western armies. " Only when the force is a reality, and no date has been set for its creation, will a supreme commander be named. The ministers in New York urged that "all available manpower and productive resources should be fully utilized" for western Europe's defense, li that determination is adhered to, if it is translated from mere paper plans to soldiers well equipped with tanks and guns, then the free world will really he getting somewhere. Up to now the bold concept of the North Atlantic Treary has been no more than a dream, it has been implemented by nothing but words. Tne real defense of western Europe has been an idea and that is all. j-iowever encouraging the New York sess.on seems on this general problem, it produced no concrete answer to the Question of what to du about rcarm- niK \Vost Germany. The most time could be said on this was the statement 01 K "cjiuiiiiicu'' otiitiai that uerman rearmament had received an "implied acceptance in principle." 1'uttuig tins in reader linglish, it means the ministers said things which strongly suggest they approve uiu idea. France is, of course, the chief stumbling Uiock on the uui-inan issue, me Fruncn want more lime to study the matter, in view ot }<vance s long standing tears of an armed uermany, this is understandable, tint the problem has beun moving toward a decision tor a long time and the Krencn ought to bo closer to knowing tneir mind man they appear to be. it is lair for the other pact nations to ask that when the defense ministers meet in Washington tne French be ready with .their answer. it's the general opinion of most pact countries that German strength is needed in the European defense picture. If they are forced to abandon this view by French opposition, the sooner this happens the better. For then they will be free to make whatever other arrangements limy can devise to cope with Kus- sidii might on the continent. What is needed at this stage ii clear, decisive action which will leav« the Soviet Union in no doubt about what it will find if it tries to overrun Europe. Too much time already has been lost through indecision and uncertainty. When the defense ministers leave Washington this November, we should know one way or another whether there is to be a German armed force. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER Who's Winning, Anyway? The North Koreans are said to be extending peace feelers. The first overture from the Communist side which bore the earmarks of a feeler suggested that the UN forces withdraw to their old, narrow bridgehead in the Pusan area. , Apparently the. North Koreans are quite new at this sort of thing. They haven't heard that the winner—not the loser—gets, the spoils. It's a wonder they didn't propose our evacuation to Japan as a prelude to peace talks. Carriers and Combat Teams Another British aircraft carrier, the Theseus, has put out of Portsmouth for Korean waters. The Warrior, also a carrier, is to follow from the same port shortly. Turkey's offer of a 4500- maii combat team lias been accepted In Washington. So hns a similar offer from the Philippines. Also one from Thailand. These contingents may seem rather slight, when compared with the forces the United States has moved to , uphold the authority of the United Naions in the Par Eastern trouble zone. But they bulk much larger when thought Is given to the size and the resources of the nations they represent. . Most Importantly, they are further demonstrations that the resistance to aggression Is not Just an American show.Jt is a truly International ei- '•yi. iri support of international law. Views ot Others Again This Myth Of U. S. Seizure Once again we make the absurd gesture of seizing the railroads In the name of the government of the Uutcd States. This seizure Is a myth, a legal fiction. The ownership and management of the railroads remains unchanged, the contentions that brought about the strike order remain unsettled, the members of the two unions which ordered the strike will remain nt their Jobs. These unlonj now muke the absurd gesture of yielding to the sovereignty of the Federal Government. The gesture lacks good faith, for ( the condition which elicited the gesture was brought about by the design and determination of tile leaders of the trainmen and the conductors. They have been demanrJfngfselziire and the President of the United State's.-wns unwilling to go once more through the silly process. . The leaders thereupon pointed the pistol of national calamity at the President and forced him to deliver, calling htm a falsifier in course of their holdup. They have won a victory, in that they accomplished their intention. In the long run It may prove a costly victory. This strike situation—another of the many which railroad unions have brought about when the nation was in peril—accentuates the collapse of the Railway Lnbor Act of 1926. Once hailed BS "the perfect charter for labor relations." It has become an instrument for defiance of the public interest and security. When Congress rises to its dtity of protecting the people and the Republic It will lake steps to make the .shutdown of the nation's transportation as illegal as mutiny in the Army and Navy. —ATLANTA JOURNAL So I hev Sav Mcsl of the fuzzy economic thinking in this country today can be traced to an adult generation which Includes millions who have not had the advantage of a complete public school education.—T. G. O'Kccfc. research director of the Ohio Education Association. • • * I snowed my appreciation of my native land in the usual Irish way—by getting out of it.— George Bernard Shaw. • * * A great many people throw bricks at the people who have to carry on the government's operations It has gotten so bad here lately that It Is a difficult matter to find a man who is willing to lake the rough treatment he has to receive in key positions.—President Truman. » * » I never cared that soine people though! it was « stunt. If you know something Is true, what other people say doesn't bother you.—Colleen Townsend, movie starlet turned evangelist. • • * I firmly believe the thing the Communisls fear more Ulan our military potential or our atom bomb is America's Industrial power, fully mobilized—Leon Keyserling. chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers. » - * , I have played hundreds of benefits under the auspices of the Army, Red Cross, War Bond drives, salvage drives, Community Chest, V'MCA and others. I abrior tol.ililariaiusm whether red brown or black and their treacherous methods of guilt by smear and without trial.—Gypsy Rose Lee, accused of being friendly with subversive There'd Be Some Sense to a Strike Like This Chinese Red War In Korea Unlikely By DtWITT MuKENZW AP FanlfB Affain AnaJyi* South Korean forces have continued to puih above the 38U> Parallel despite' Communist China's thinly veiled threat of intervention to save her Red comrades. American B-2»» also have been blasting at North Korean troop concentrations and other strategic t*r- telt above this "deadline." DOCTOR SAYS By EDWIN P. JORDAN, M.D. Written for NEA Service It Is not surprising that people Peter fdson's Washington Co/urn 'Pay-As-You-Go* Defense Plan Will Call for Increased WASHINGTON—(NBA)—A second new tux Increase bill is already in preparation for presentation to Congress when it reconvenes at the end of November, tor Into It Intends to do the Job of. putting the defense effort on a pay- as-we-go basis, ;t will have to raise Peter Edson federal tax receipts a minimum of $11 billion. :f the Pre.sidcnl then asks for additional defense funds for. the next fiscal year—jruly 1, 1951 to June 30, 1952—still a "third round" of tax increases could'-be called for if-the government's budget is to be kept balanced. In round numbers, it figures out like this: For the present fiscal year, ending June 30. 1951. Congress has appropriated $36 billion regular, plus $17 billion supplemental.' Total estimated expenditures, $53 billion. Figures Keep on Climbing; It was estimated that the existing tax bill would raise n little over $37 billion. The new bill will raise a little less than $5 billion. Total receipts will therefore be In the neighborhood of $42 billion. And the apparent deficit to be raised by the second round of tax Increases must be in the nature of $11 billion. Best tip-off that the Administration would like to raise most of this deficit by taxation, rather than borrowing, was contained iri .a talk given before the National Industrial Conference Board in New York by Roy Blough. His remarks got practically no press coverage. : •• Dr. Slough, formerly a tax research socialist for the Treasury Department, Is now the third and newest member of the President's Council of Economic Advisers. A rarity among economists, he has the ability to talk in short and simple sentences. If the Job of writing the President's economic reports were turned over to him, It would be a help all around. In his remarks to the Industrialists and business leaders In New York, Dr. Blough spok'e.'directly, to the point of using taxation as the principal device for reducing the threat of inflation In a war boom. If for no other. reason than that they would increase the cost of the defense effort, inflationary price rises must not be permitted to happen again, he said. Three principal ways to prevent Inflation were listed. First is to prevent incomes from rising by the use of price f and wage controls. Taxes Second Is to prevent people from spending their past savings and current income. This can be done in part through credit controls, rationing anl allocation. Third is to increase taxes. Higher taxes not only cut down on the spending power of individuals and business firms they also raise money to finance the defense effort. Taxation Is Our Best Bet While nil three of-.these methods may have to be used. Dr. Blough told the business'leaders that taxation is superior to" the other two because it does not interfere with the operation of market forces. It distributes the burden. It protects men and women in the armec forces from having to fight a war then ironically coming home to pay for it. . *. So. "the total cost of the defense program should be paid as we go out of current revenues," Dr Blough declares. In his opinion, the level of taxes required to balance the budget will not be so high as to exceed the economical limit. Two kinds of taxation are advocated as most effective in withdrawing purchasing power from the private sector of the economy. One Is special excise taxes on Items using scarce materials, and the other Is an excess profits tax. The next, the second round tax increase bill, is expected to deal particularly with such taxes. generally ar* quite confused about cortisone and ACTH since the medical profession Itself ha> a hard time keeping up with the developments made on these two substances. It must be realized that hundreds of research workers are Investigating the properties '«nd actions of these two exciting preparations, and although many facts have been uncovered about them, there Is still great deal which no one knows et. There are two tiny glands of internal secretion lying next to the two kidneys which are called the adrenal glands. These glands manufacture a number of chemical substances or hormones which exert an effect on the various functions ot the body. One of these hormones, which has been obtained in pure form, has been named cor- tiny Internal secretion gland lies In the brain and is called the pituitary. From this gland another .chemical substance, called ACTH • (adreno corticotrophlc hormone), has been .obtained. From the Information so far available it appears that ACTH stimulates the adrenal glands to produce more cortisone. For this reason, the action of both substances in the human body is somewhat similar, though there are differences. Both cortisone and ACTH when given to human beings exert profound effects on various functions, an influence several diseases favorably or unfavorably. Both cause a dramatic Improvement- In rheumatoid arthritis, though the results have so far not proved • lasting In most cases. Both cause the rapid disappearance of most of the symptoms of acute rheumatic fever, though their final effect In protecting the heart from the damaging effects of this disease will take a long time to determine. Cortisone and ACTH appear to be useful in a number of other diseases, such as lupul erythematosus, certain Inflammatory diseases of the eye, and a number of other common and uncommon disorders of human beings. Undesirable jKeaalk Also These are strong substances and like other powerful chemicals, they produce undesirable effects as well as those which are sought. It Is already known for example thai they may be harmful In the presence of such conditions as high blood .pressure, diabetes, certain forms ol heart disease, and chronic inflammation of the kidneys. As stated previously, hundreds of Thus H would seem that th« United Nations forces aren't particularly Impressed with the seriousness of Communist Premier Ch&u En-lal's fiery blast over the weekend/This ' was In a broadcut from Pelptng during which he declared: "The Chinese people absolutely will not tolerate foreign aggression nor will they supinely tolerate seeing their neighbors being savageMS Invaded by Imperialists." ^7 General Chou didn't name any specific country. However, he pointed out that the Chinese are deeply Interested In the progress of event* in' Korea, and expressed the belief that the North Korean Communists will win. The implication was clear enough. Americana Denounced . Chou rounded out this blast by a statement In the Moscow Pravd* In which he asserted that "the American government Is China's most dangerous enemy." He also served notice that the big island of Formosa, base of the Chinese Nationalists, will be "liberated" desoil* American interference. Next to Communist leader Mao Tze-tnng, General Chou Is the most powerful figure In Red China. An important announcement by him can't be thrust : aslde lightly. However, In the present instance I believe we ore justified In saying that' Chou was speaking with "the tongue of Moscow. In short, he WHS dispensing Soviet propaganda which, also'suits China's-purpose. | Dorm It Suit Moscow? This merely confirms what long has been apparent—that Mao, Chou: and the other Chinese Communist leaders have'decided to follow Russia's lead. Thus it isn't a question of whether 11 would :be to China's advantage to Intervene in Korea, but whether it would suit Moscow's, general program. ,iWt General Chou's present posltloSP is especially Interesting In view of: his original claim that Chinese communism had nothing to do with the Moscow brand but was purely agrarian. I had a long talk with, him in Chungking during the latei war. and he labored diligently loi convince me of th'ls point. ;• I wasn't, convinced, becaua* I knew better, but If anyone could have done the trick It would be Chou. He Is a very persuasive man'' of much culture and with a striking', and likeable personality. 1 Chun Can Be Tough However, Chou can be tough, » witness the part he played when General George Marshall was in China trying to resolve the. differ-'" ences between the Nationalist gov-: ernment and the'Communists. Crtou"'> was the Red representative In the capita] at that time/ He was very critical of the U.S. policy as pre-i sented by Marshall, and placed 6b-' structlons in the way of settlement. As regards General Chou's weekend threat, it is of course true that both'China and Russia are greatly Interested In Korea. The peninsula- base touches both Manchuria aiMi Soviet Siberia—close to the greW£ Russian naval port of Vladivostok/ It's likely that both of them would have liked to Intervene in the Korean crisis If it had been feasible. • However, despite General Chou's grim language. It isn't likely that research projects, both In the lab- tne Chinese will intervene at this oratory and with patients, .are now '*'* date. : going on. ACTH and cortisone un-i ** tne y na <l Intended to lake doubledly will prove useful In the treatment of many diseases, and valuable in the investigation of other conditions (such as leukemia) In which it seems at present doubtful that they will prove of curative value. It will take a long time, however, U> gather all the facts. IN HOLLYWOOD JOHNSON Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD — <NEA>— John Gardeld came right out loday and mentioned something that's taboo with Jockey- sized movie heroes. In other words, "man-makers." Garfield owns up to using them. " "Look," he told me, 'T have something to kick me "lien I'm working »ilh i (all have to up . Man-makers are blocks of balsam wood and most short guys in Hollj-- wood use Ihem. Some mole stars who hit measuring stick at the same point as Garfield arc sensitive about the height-builders. Garfield has had his ears knocked down for pocketing Hollywood jingle-Jangle stuff and rushing off to Broadway to sniff backstage perfume. . "The stage." be says, "is a lux- xiry. Some guys have horses and planes. My luxury is the stage. I drew $50 a week during my last Broadway play. Some of my friends think this stage thing I've got Is art. but you do what you have to the! do." "Knife" Is a Sharp Memory A oncc-upon-a-tlme that is still Garficld's different, though. He threw me a "Make something of it. bub" look and said: "I even use man-makers plus. That kicks me up about two Inches. 1 used them doing scenes with Pat Nca! In 'The Breaking Point.' Let oilier compressed hunks of wrote the piny. virility blanch they're tossed and gulp when a. question about how it feels to be a pee-\vec making love to n female ceiling-scraper. Not our boy GarflcW. "Look at Napoleon," he winked. If the vitamin age is going to produce leading ladies who tower over him, it's all right with Garfield. He'll look right Into their orbs even if be has to wear stilts. Dr. Komance Being a romantic John Garfield slill floors him. He says: "I fed about It like a doctor. I'm cold alinut It, but I like !(. At Betting him dirty looks In Hollywood Is that Clifford Odets' play about Hollywood, "The Big Knife." Garfield says he can name half a dozen big movie producers who cut him dead every time they see him. "By Hi Is I tm they assume that I cizc me for my feeling > about Ihe theater are ashamed to admit that tney. loo. would like to get back to it. Hut they're too far gone. If some of the younger actors like Marlon Brando give up the theater, thcyrt Idiotic." He's tired of hearing about the molar marks he made on the big feeding hand of Hollywood. "I never saw it a s n play about Hollywood," he explained. "I saw it as a play about a guy who be^ came successful at an enrly age and has problems.'* Would he do a play or movie in which Broadway producers were depicted as bloodsuckers, vultures or lechers "» rijhi, I'd rto it." he asserted. "It's Ihe same lliinjr." Any sniping that's done at Garfield from now about his passion wstos curtain l s likely Kce HOM.YVrpOn on Page 10 first I didn't know how to cope j for tlie" asbcstos""curtai'u with it. mill some people. Itic 1 romanUc thin? rises and sets on llicm. Me, I'm essentially a blj hambola. Put two and two tojclbcr and you gel hambola." Meanwhile, John should care If liis fellow shorties In Hollywood start ylpjiiug about letting tlie public in on a hush-hush contrivance like mail-makers. Garficld's been laving himself In scalding liquid over since he blurted out that singe-acting was something like organ music and stained - glass windows to his soul. He says: "Some of Ihe people who criti- •JACOBY ON BRIDGE By OSWALD jACOny Written for NKA Service Confused Pair Sit 1830 Points When DDdubling Dan and Bill, the Bold bad bidder, cut as partners .anything is likely to happen to Ihem, and frequently does. Bill likes to bid without having his values, and Dan likes to double without having his double, and when each takes his favorite action on Ihe »ame hand, the ex- pense is terrific. trouble making his contract with | two overtrlcks, for a total score of 1830 points on the hand. It is worthy or note that hand, they-would have done so long before this. . J5 Yean Ago Today •• - The Delphian Pine Arts Club had Its first meeting of the season this morning at Hotel Noble. A complete membership will be announced following the next meeting. 1 The -Young Matrons' C! spades and hoped to be able cither to sacrifice cheaply at four or maybe five in any suit his partner could bid or possibly to push his opponents one loo high. South's jump to, four spades was a very clever bid and based on the fact that he knew Doubling Dan was sitting In back of him. He didn't really expect to get doubled, but one can always hope. Dan's duoble of four spades was downright silly. True,.he did have two «CC5, and if they both made and his partner could also take two tricks, he would set the hand. However, he was playing with Bill * A 10974} VNont *KQJ93 Both vuL N-S 60 on score' Nortli EM* Soath We* Past Pats 1 * Pass 2 + • Double 4 4 Doubt* Redouble Pasm Pan paj» Opening lexi—4 3 Ihe Bold Bad Bidder and Bill had passed originally. Finally, he must have known that he could not possibly beat the hand two tricks and should have been perfectly happy If he could beat it one. When North redoubled, poor Bill wanted to run; away from the redouble, the club where he was playing, and possibly Ihe country, but he had no place to go. Furthermore, he was void ol spades and there always was a chance lhat for once in his miserable life, Dan had a really sound double with five good spades. Dan opened a small trump. Declarer knocked out the nee ot diamonds, discarded one of dummy's club on his diamonds and had no w;ould continue that suit when he got In with the ace of trumps. Unless North would make the brilliant play of trumping In on one of South's high diamonds and returning a heart. Bill would only be down one trick, while even that best defense would only set him two. Mrs. Floyd White .received high score prize at the bridge luncheon given yesterday Mrs. J. Nick Thomas for members of the Tuesday Bridge Club. . Mr. and-'Mrs. Carney Laslte ha^& as their guests, Mr. and Mrs. wKp Ham Button Alexander of Charlotte, N. C. 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