The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 9, 1950 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 9, 1950
Page 1
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VOL. XLV—NO. 274 BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS : , THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF' NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST mc^,™ ^"^ Bluthovlll, noll» Nm ni,,ii,...,,i. .,-__,j • —• —»*.*•=»> nnu owmbAST MISSOURI Blythevllle Dally New* BlythevDJ* Courier BlythevlUe Herald Mississippi Valley Leader House Approves ,$130MillionHike In Postal Rates Administration Bill Aimed at Reducing Post Office Deficit WASHINGTON, Feb. 9. — (AP)—Tlie House voted today for hikes in postal rates expected to bring the post- office department $130,000,000 more a year. A voice vote pay.sed the bill and - sent it to the Senate. The administration-barked bill— intended to take at least a short stride in the direction of cutting the Post Office Department's op- crating deficit of half a billion dollars—was driven to tlie brink of pa^age yesterday. A technicality raised by opponents forestalled the final vote. They demanded a rending of the engrossed bill— formally printed measure with all amendments in the right place. Engrossing a bill is a Ion;; and tedious process, so final a:tion was put off until today's session. Before the vote on passage, opponent*; planned one more assault— ™n effort to send the bill back to committee for more study. But Chairman Murray (D-Tenn) ot the House Post Oflice Committee told newsmen: "We have the voles to beat them and then pass the bill." He granted, however, that the oulcoaie might be close, "especially if a lot of pressure Is put on during the night." The Senate has not yet acted on ilic bill. It's Post Office Committee once approved a companion measure but recalled it to wait for House action. Debate Is Brief Hoaie debate was heated but brief for such an important bill. The bill's foes stressed the argument lhat the raises proposed would fall heaviest on small newspapers and periodicals and would .work to the detriment of rural dwellers. The big city dallies, they claimed, would nbt suffer because they make biit small 'use of the mails for circulation purposes. Backers argued that the bill 'Would not hurt litle publication county lines:'It'%-oii1"<i,' ; they*said; •' 1 - ne -=-*«»SV!^r.+'«Teft6e..ti bring In more revenue from large mailers whose present rates amount to "subsidies," nnd who use thi mail* mainly for advertising pur poses. The bill would provide more revenue for the postoffice from these aources: Post and pos"-. Vards, S36,000,000 second class . , ; iter, S15.000 COO, third class, $33,600,000; fourth class, s-50,000,000; registered mall, S4.000,- 000. The rest of the $130,000,000 would come from services not tensively used. Strike Looms in Japan TOKYO, Feb. 9. Wl-Gov-ernmcn workers are threatening a genera strike in Japan. Refusal o: Prime Minister Shigcru Ycshida's government to grant wage increases pre- A national "struggle committee" representing 33 non-Communist unions lias recommended the strike. BLYTHEVILLE. ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, FEBKUABY 9, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES Board Ends Coal Hearings, Starts Report to President —— . — — B. : EPC Showdown Is Sought by GOP Criticism of Party Stand on Civil Rights Brings Demands VISITS FLOOD AURA-Mrs. Mary Jal ,e Crane, Red Cross Nurse, is show ml'tn'' 11 ; °" 'n ""** ""* " <"«" °» «•»*» •* -or made the trip in the helicopter behind her. .. ... Nurse Visits Tomato Via Helicopter Airs. Marv JaiN> Ornnp RPH ciiwn! ^f ri™ fi-«,i_j r.i_ * ,. * Mrs. Mary Jane Crane, Red nurse in charge of nursing sei-vices for the Northeast Arkansas disaster area, yesterday made an inspection of the flooded Tomato community via a U S. Coast Guard helicopter. Mrs. Crane stopped at the Bly- thoville airport to pick up a guide Cottonseed from South Missco Heading for Needy in Europe A carload of cottonseed, valued at about 51,500, left Osceola yesterday, and will eventually be distributed as. cottonseed oil to needy families in Europe. + y The cottoiLseed. collected from various fanners and gins in South Mississippi, was donated to the Christian Rural Overseas Program. The seed was to be processed in Memphis soon. Before the carload of seed left- Memphis state directors, a representative of C.R.O.P. who had been in Europe for several years as distributor, and South Mississippi sktfiiu- dondutrted 7 dd' of the First, Presbyterian Church in Osceola; and director of C.R.OP In South Mississippi County, presided at the services. In his remarks he pointed out that the effort being made to feed the hungry in Europe was unique-in was a joint effort of Protestant and Catholic beliefs. The Rev. Mr. Lawrence expressed his thanks to those who gave and said that in addition to those previously announced, contributors included the Dyess Gin, of Luxora. operated by W. R, Dyess. He stated that, freight services were free a contribution of the Frisco and the Delta Valley and Southern railway lines. Services originally scheduled to be conducted at the depot were moved to the KOSE radio station studios, and were to be today. Dr. Stewart Pratt, a roving commissioner for the Church World Service, told briefly of the distribution of the products after they reached Europe. In most instances the distribution is through a church group. He recently returned from Korea, Japan, and European countries. Dr. w. O. Parr, state director of CROP, said that plans for further developing the program in Mississippi County had been made. He gave the dedicatory prayer at the ,studio. . K. Scwell. a retired fillister at Osceola, gave pry prayer at the depot". Railway Unions Vote for Strike CHICAGO. Feb. 9. (AP)— M«m- bers of two operating railway nn- iotis have voted to strike lor a 40- hour week, the unions announced today. A spokesman, however, said that does not mean a strike is imminent. He said thai under procedures of the National Railway Mediation Act a strike could not possibly occur before late spring. The two unions are the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and the j Order of Railway Conductors. To- I gethcr they rcprc.'-ent a total union membership of alxnit 200.000 railroad workers. The spokesman said 95.5 per cent of them approved a strike. No strike date has been set and probably will not be be-fore the end of this week or (he first of next week, the spokesman .mid. to help locate the Tomato Community for a health survey. R. W. Nichols, superintendent of schools at Armorel, accompanied Mrs. Crane He reported today that lour homes were visited, but that thi! illnesses all were minor. Ear and throat infections among children were checked. The nurse, her guide, a pilot and a machinist landed at the Tomato schoolyard, where they were met by "Sonny" liarsliman, who look the parly via boat to the homes to be checked. Mr. Nichols reported that flood conditions in the area still looked serious, with water reaching practically to the roofs ol some o! the houses. He indicated that a second survey would be conducted next week, with calls to be made both at Musgrave Bar and the Tomato area. Piloting-the plane was Lt. (j.g.) F. w. Brown, and his machinist was Aviation Machinist's Mate Donald H. Skinner. Leads U.S. in Aircraft By James .1. Slrclii- WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.'(AP) _ Aii-erican aviation expert said totiay Russia us ahead of the United states to.h in aircraft pi-eduction and in Jne ' number of military planes it Has in service. However, said John P. Victory, (-.\rciitive secretary or the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). this country isn't iiisturbeO by that situation because '<• feels that it has the better planes. "We thin:: we still have supremacy m the air." he said, "because ol the superior performance and military effectiveness of our air- Victory said in „ prepared speech »>at neither the United States nor Ku,.5 la has a practical military plane °> super-Eonic speed. U.S. planes ca " no faster than sound now only »nen unarmed, he said, adding: we see ourselves in the position ffi a runner in a rac e who knows ^>e is being hard pressed." \ ictory. first employe of '.he NACA I when It was founded In 1915 as the! research °" kf a&C " C y '° r b ' Wic air , Survival Simple Underway ilic struggle for the survival ol civilization is now underway In the research laboratories of our land," e .said. "There the outcome of our uiesonl campaign to hold communism m check and prevent another world war is being decided." | He said the atomic bomb "is solc- •> an offensive weapon—of no value Its tar a ," 1C! " ls of Silvering It to "So," he added, "ah- po wcr be. tomes the key to the problem of preserving our own security as well as preserving world peace." That's one reason, he Indicated, why Kussian progress In developing a supersonic atom-carrying craft Secret Air Group Is Rewriting Military Tactics for Defense British Expert Says Red Planes Couldn't Carry A-Bomb to U.S. LONDON. Feb. 9. Wi— A British expert says the Soviet Air Force is as strong tactically today as any in the world, but It would still be unable to carry the atcm bomb to Washington or New York without advanced bases far from home. Asher Lee, who was a wing rom- mandcr in Air Intelligence during the war, made the statement In 3 book entitled "the Soviet Air Force." published today. Russia, he said, has about 12,000 operational military planes- two air armies of about 1.000 such planes encli attached to each of six Soviet Army headquarters. The Soviet Union, the Soviet Zone of Germany and other countries mirier Russian domination together are manufacturing 40,000 to 50.000 planes 'a year, said Lee. which "would enable the Soviet Air Force to maintain about 15 air armies, each with a .strength of 1,000 to 1,500 aircraft." "is a secret on which our InlelH- Kencc resources are concentrated." Victory suggested a 'new realism" in planning manpower mobilization in any future war. lie said the United stale;; "Illrled wilh scicn- By .Tamps Kimlsuuud ELGIN AIR FQRCE 'BASE, Ha., Feb. 9. W-)—A little-known Elein group today Is rewritin K air force tactics in terms of supersonic speeds and carthshaking new weapons. The air proving ground's 3200th Proof Test Group's work is shrouded In secrecy, nnd carried out on remote ranges of this northwest f-iOrida military reservation. It takes the planes, guns, and bombs designed for America's first line air combat units, and finds out exactly what they will do. Then it decides how they can be best employed. Rule Books Arc Out The veteran 3200th isn't gliiflcd by rule bcoks. It writes them. It took a 000-mile an hour jet lighter built for high altitude Interception, and proved it was made lo order for an infantry support weapon. So now the F-8-1 Thimderjct. Packing 32 six-inch rockets. Is a star of the postwar air force-army tr-am. It can literally pulverize pillboxes and tanks in front of advancing infantrymen. ' The 3200th is tratliig the air force's two most powerful new planes—the mighty B-36 intercontinental bombe rand the B-45 Tornado jet bomber. It could throw valuable light on the recent controversy over ability of the B-36 to curry out successful bombing raids umler attack by postwar jet fighters. title suicide' In the recent war by * License Sales Continue Here After Deadline The sale of 1950 state auto license plates continues at a fairly rapid pace in Mississippi County in spite of the fact that the deadline for inn-chase of 1850 tags passed some nine days ago. Stale Revenue Offices here and In Osceola reported today that a total of 394 license plates for cars had been iold since the Jan. 31 deadline. 'This number was due mainly, it was explained, to inclement weather conditions and flood- watcr.5 which prevent residents o some rural areas from traveling during the past two or three weeks Oscar Alexander, inspector In charge of the Blythcville office reported that as of yesterday a total of IBS plate-s had ben soli! at his office since the deadline and Mrs. Mary clay Huphey, inspector in charge of the Osccola office reported 205 sold to late comers at her office. The Osceola office reported that at total o! 2.208 licenses were sold [luring tlie month of January and In Blythcvillc a grjind total of 3,403 hud been sold up to yesterday. Une sales of city tags were no quite as brisk, w. I. Malin. city clerk, reported that ns of vcsterda' only 28 tardy motorists had pur chased 1930 city tags. In making his report. Mr. Alexander warned truck drivers of this area to purchase their 1950 drivers license. Truck licenses are sold In July, Mr. Alexriiidcr rxjjlained, and by all indications some truck owners and drivers are forgetting to put their 1950 drivers licenses. Strike Is Memorial HOWE, Ficb. 9. 'Viv-conummis led labor unions staged a 15 mh utc work stoppage throughout Ita' today In memory ot six workers killed in clashes with police Jan. 9. New York Stocks To gel the answer to thai question puttln* selei-cestud-ente in'unl-ion;;.; :.j;. n6 , "^^%^ m ^?" "^^ ^ '» «3Ss3*=isasS^>.3K- 5 ' 1:30 p.m. quotations: A T f.: T Amcr Tob.icco Anaconda Copper Beth Steel '.'.'_'.'_ Chrysler Coca Cola ......... Gen Electric ... Gen Motors .'.'. '. Montgomery Ward N Y Central '. Tnt Harvester National Dl.slirrcls '.'.'.'. Republic Steel Radio Soeony Vacuum .....'. fitudebakcr Standard ol N of Job deferment," he said. Sice Alii on I'ajc 5 '^ c Southern Pacific 149 . 74 . 28 . 33 . 65 -101 . 44 . 78 . 58 . 12 . 28 . 22 . 26 . 15 . 1C . 29 . 67 . 61 . 30 42 . 52 SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS By Jiu'k Bel! WASHINGTON, Pel). , roddcd from within fl-Wj— . their o w n od inks, Republican leaders laid plans day lo force a Senate showdown :i civil rights bills. Senator Taft of Ohio, chairman f the Senate GOP Policy Com- ilttec, told a reporter thiit if the lemocrats don't move to bring up a Fair Employment Practices Commission (FBPO) bill within two .-eeks, "Republicans will picss for Tart's statement came after Senators Lodge (R-Mass) and Ives (R-NY) said in separate Interviews they will demand action by their party to holster what both have labelled u s a weiik-knecrt endorsement, of civil rights bills in this week's GOP policy declaration. "We will get a chance to vote n this question and I'm hoping that the Republicans will show they are for action, not Just talk, about civil rights." Ivcs said. The question probably will come ocfore the Senate on a motion to take up the FEPC bill, which would ban discrimination on grounds ol race or religion. Any move to take up FEI'C is certain'to touch off a filibuster by Southern Democrats. Could Curb Debate Tlie quickest way to break this flllibustcr would be for at least G-l .Senators to vote to curb debate. Otherwise, the score of Dixie opponents could keep the Senate lied up until the filibusters wore themselves out. Democratic lieutenants said their j checks Indicate they probably can rally only from 55 to CO votes for the debate curb. If they gel as many as 60, they may order continuous Senate sessions In an effort to break a talkathon. But the Democrats want to get action on a House-approved displaced persons 'bill before they plunge into tlu civil rights matter. '-That could'delny the civil rights showdown until next mouth. There is a gentleman's agreement not to take ii)) controversial bills in the Senate for n while because so many members of both parties had scheduled Lincoln and Jefferson-Jackson Day .speeches. The lawmakers will consider only minor measures between now and PrrrsnimGH, Feb. 0. W-Industry tightened Its belt today ns soft conl ponce talks collapsed In Washington. More steel companies announced cutbacks. The nation's railroatls rushed to juggle train schedules. Hundreds of runs must be cancelled under an Interstate commerce Commission rilling before 11:59 p.m. (local time) Friday. These were some of the devclop-+- nents: 1. Inland Steel r.'omoany at Chicago snid its coal supplies "have dwindled to the critical point." It announced the shutdown of a second blast furnace. tact-Finders i j . -r' i n i raci-nnaers Industry Tightens Belt Hope to Finish In Face of Coal Crisis " ~ 2. Republic Steel Corporation said It will close one of Its Youngstown (Ohio) District furnaces Immediately. The firm previously hud nnnoimceil shutting down two furnaces in Cleveland. 3. The coal shortage started to hit small schools. At Delphi, Incl.. which has a iSopnlation of about 2,5CO, schools were closed. , Industries which- coal kept close watch- on developments. In Detroit, General Motors Corporation cancelled all plans for Saturday work and any scheduled overtime because of what it called "the emergency in the coal situation." Ford Motor Company reported no change In Its overtime plans but a spokesman suit! "we are keeping a day to day watch on the sllu- atiqn." Coal Wcs Dwindle ' The railroad Industry flfrln'1 have to watch the situation. It knew It faced a crisis. A Pennsylvania Railroad spokesman said his road had "about n days" supply ot coal on hand. Tho interstate Commerce Commission ordered that railroads make 25 per cent cut in their conl- burnini; freight services. And they were told to cut coal-burning passenger services lo 50 per cent of the services operated last Dec. 1. A coal operator who asked that his name not, be used said he believed, further cuts In industry-at- Iniyo would materialize almost immediately because there's no sign of immediate pence' in the drawn- out dispute. Miners in the fields were generally quiet. Last night rumors circulated early In the evening that peace was Imminent. Some newspaper offices reported many calls from miners. Then, as no won! came from Washington for hours the calls' slacked off. The miners rend of the collapse of negotiations in their morning newspapers or heard the news ovei their radios. 'Iliey had no Imme dlatc comment. February 21. Taft has said he will vote to curb debate on any motion to tnkc up the FEPC bill. But he wants an FEPC established on a voluntary basis, without the punitive powers the administration's measure would give it. Youths Arc Held For Geese Theft Three teen-aged Manila youths waived preliminary hearing In Municipal Court Oils morning on the charge of the theft of six geese from a Manila farmer and they were ordered held to await Circuit Court action with bonds for each set at $500. The youths arc Vernon Lynn, 15 Eugene Williams, 10, and Bobby D. Plecman, 17. According t 0 Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Arthur S. Harrison, the youths stole the gccsc from a field on the farm of V. B. Berry near Manila Saturday and later .'-old them for S12. Under federal law the theft of more than three farm fowls is: a felnny. Mr. Harrison said that the Flcc- man and Lynn youths last month completed two year suspended sentences for the burglary of the Manila post office In 1047. Germans Begin Seal-Hunt HAMBURG. Germany, Feb. fl. (/7-| —For the first time since World War IT a German ship left Hamburg today for a seal-hunting expedition in sub-arctfc waters off ' it- Canada's Newfoundland n- rador ccasts. Lab- Solons Show Concern Over Vacancy on A EC WASHINGTON, Feb. 9. (/TV-Lawmaker.' anxious to prevent any |iosltl 0 n!™he ^1^ 2 Days Early WASHINGTON, Feb. 9. — (AP) — President Truman's "net-finding board ended its icarings on the coal dispulo :oduy nnd went lo work on a report to the White House. 'llic members said they hoped to make the report by Saturday—two (lays nhend of the deadline set when they took on the job. Once the President gets the re- lort, he can ask Attorney General McOrath to seek a court order for the 310.000 striking coal miners to BO back to work. The beard cut oft its hearings with an announcement by Chairman David L. Cole that the board's observations during fruitless direct bargaining negotiations yesterday Imd given 11 needed information about the Issues. John u Lewis, leader of the miners, ami the coal operators talked issues for nearly eight hours yesterday under prodding from the board. But they couldn't gel to an agreement. Cole said he thought the board- .sponsored bargaining sessions would be helpful to the union and the operators in eventually reaching a contract. "The general atmosphere Li considerably cleared," he said. Cole said that the board had "learned many Interesting nnd cogent facts and circumstances about the dispute." lie added: Issues "Cryslalbcd" "The issues on which the parties arc deadlocked now are crystnl- Ized nnd the present positions on these Issues are considerably clarl- Cole said "the posture" In which the negotiations left tho dispute was 'not too unfavorable." "We prefer to leave them In that slow-down in the Nation's atomic program expressed concern today Hc ncvcr did say just what wern over President Truman's .delay in naming a~ncw chairman for tlir p ° mts Df '""toonce or what Atomic Energy Commission. + '. '•' _ f""^' '°'J w J lJ .?.K?.«Wi In r> 1/1 ^ mi .;"' ~~ ing an-agreement. David E. f.ilicnthal resigned from " the post last December and is scheduled to leave on Wednesday. Thus . far, the President Ins not appointed a successor. Several members of l!ie Semite- Atomic Energy Committee said In separate interviews thut the AEC chairmanship Is too Important to the security to remnin vacant lor any extended time. All asked to remain anonymous. They saw a chance that Mr. Truman might name one of tlie present commissioners chairman. While the commission Is supposed to have five members, the resignation of Lewis L. Strauss.'effective April 15. leaves only Gordon Dean, Dr. Henry dc Wolf Smyth, and Sumner T. Pike, rlkd Is the sole remaining member of the original group named in October. l!Vlfi. It seemed certain that Mr. Truman would be asked about the matter at his weekly news conference at 4 p.m., E8T, today. In another atomic field, the Senate Armed Services Committee ar- raiiRcd to meet with Dr. Vanncvnr Bi'sh behind closed doors lo discuss advance In weapons—probably the projected hydrogen bomb. The head of the office of scientific research and development In World War II, Bush was on of the key figures in the develnptnciu of new military and defenses during World War H. He now Is president of the Carnegie Institute of Washington. Another top atomic scientist. Dr. Harold C. Urey of the University of Chicago, warned senators yesterday lli»l atomic bombs could be delivered Into U. S. harbors by ships. He said this country should begin perfecting Its defense against the possibility of such an attack. Urey appeared before a SOIK.IC Foreign Relations subcommittee in support of a proposed union of Atlantic Pact nations. N. O, Cotton May Open High Low 1:30 . 3H1 3150 3130 315G May 315-1 31G3 3145 31<H July Truman Okays Attacks on Big Business WASHINGTON. Fob. fl_M',_ Rep. Celler (I3-NY) said after a White House cull today that President Truman told him to "go nhend full steam" with his Investigation of concentrations of economic power. "He snld he would continue to encourage me In the Inquiry nud would get all the (federal) departments behind it," Celler told rejrarters. Celler heads n House Judiciary Subcommittee which has been looking Into the question of how anti-trust laws arc operating nnd whether any changes are needed. Celler speaks of It as the "monopoly Investigation." Some hearings K cro held last, year. Celler has set a new scries or hearings to bcBin March 15 when the committee will look into operations of u. S. steel Corp. Celler said that after U. S Steel the group will go Into: 1. The "Canadian newsprint monopoly." 2. The "DuPonl dynasty." 3. The soap Industry, "Particularly Lever Bros, nnd its British parent company, Unilever." 'I. Pan American Airways. 5. The "distillers' control over" b:\rrelmaktng. 0. The "Shubert Theater trust." The parties - ; "nppronchcd agree- ncnt" on several Issues In yesterdays talks, he snld. But he would not Indicate which Issues these were or which ones caused the final collapse. Swap Accusations Lewis, during yesterday's -storm j session of the Inquiry board, had declared a settlement "possible" in a few hours if genuine bargaining were undertaken. But coal operators were not hopeful that agreement could be reached In "the few hours that we have." Each side accused the other ot erecting obstacles to negotiation. The operators declared Lewis hai refused to sncclty llls Ucm «* d5 ™> ^l „?"" ,^ B _ m - n ' °.» "-OC1.U* by Soybeans July open High Low close 230'.; 231'i 229«; 231'1 227-; 229'.-i 221- 1 ', 2M»', 223-K 225 223'i 22l',i New York Cotton J "'y 3102 3119 3003 3I1B Oct'. . °-t 2918 2020 2906 29201 Dec. Open Hi^h Lo'.v 1:30 315D 316« 3153 3168 31M 3173 3150 ,f!73 3115 3130 .'1106 3128 2926 2M7 2913 2M7 2014 ?923 29M M25 miners are bound to only, when "willing ant! able ' 'Tills, they to |,| tnc Qf , Q n _ nulry, amounts to a refusal by UMW to guarantee of performance of any contract it may sign. They contended further that they could not renew the imlon shop wh ch S P *° S °" thCrn the £rf » n°" y ', is " l me laft-Hartlcy law. Weather Arkansas forecast: Mostly clolldv, showers extreme south portion, a IUle colder In east and south portions tonight. Friday, cloudy with showers, slightly warmer. Missouri Forecast: Fair tonight and Friday, somewhat colder southeast half. Warmer Friday. Low tonight 25-20; high Friday, upper 50's Minimum [his morning—4S Maximum yesterday—10. Sunset today—5:37. Sunrise tomorrow—G:5i. Precipitation 24 hours to T a m today—.13. ' ' Total .since Jan. 1—15.24. .Mean temperature (midway between high ami low)—57.5. Normal mean for February—13.4. This Hale Last Year Miinimuiu this morninu—.33 Maximum yesterday—63. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date —B.S7. U.S. Issues Atomic Protection Report Rvf"VVaf*«\lft^-ii»!'rtl *.T_ti i ft.... ^ ' Ry C. WASHINGTON, Feb. 9. M>,—The federal government today handed the nation a grim primer in construction problems of thcalomlc aac. It issued a report entitled "Damage from Atomic Explosion and Design of Protective Structures." deal- Ing in matter-of-fact language with requirements for buildings which might have to undergo the tremendous force of a nearby A-bomb blast. The best advice it could offer builders was to erect Important structures as far from strategic areas as possible, or put them under ground. It called for of potential war plants, and said the most vital Industries might have to bury themselves deep In caves and mines. The report was prepared by the National Security Resources Uoi.rd, for use by civil dele-use planners the nation. It will be distributed by the NSHU to the governors of all states. The report's findings are based on studies made largely In Hiroshima, the first city ever to ftcl the terrible cflccl of an atomic explosion, tt included no reference to later, more powerful A-bombs, nor did it mention the fearful hydrogen bomb now being developed. Surveys made in Japan, It said, showed that heavily framed steel nnd reinforced concrete buildings offered the greatest resistance to atomic blast. Those which oflcrrd the weakest showing were fhed- type structures with light frames and long, unsupported beams. As for housing, the report snld we II-constructed frame buildings stand up well ayainsl tlie blast, but arc vulnerable to fire, It cautioned builders against all- brick walls that support floor beams and roofs. Such structures In Japan, the report said, "were engulfed by the oncoming pressure and col- Inpsed completely." Atomic and defense experts who compiled the report made their rec- flmtnendations on the "assumption" that damage within one-half mile of the point immediately below an aerial explosion would be "so severe as to make protection of above ground facilities impractical within that area." A bomb with twice the destructive force of the Hiroshima wcaiwn would Increase this area of virtually complete destruction about 60 per cent, the report said. But outside this area, "a great deal can be done to minimize the damage" from air blast, earth shock, atomic rays and heat. As a step in the right direction, it called attention to building codes; adopted In 11 western states concerned about possible earthquake damage. Under these codes, buildings must be strong enough to resist horizontal forces varying from two per cent to 16 per cent of their vertical loads. Can Offer Suggestions While *' a gte.u deal remains to be dpne before satisfactory-design procedures can be established," the report said. It Is possible now to offer some '-tentative" suggestions. 11 said large, new structures should be (Ire resistant and strengthened blast and ground See ATOMIC on ftft S

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