The Province from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada on August 15, 1960 · 4
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The Province from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada · 4

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Issue Date:
Monday, August 15, 1960
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THE PROVINCE Published every flay except Sundays and Holidays at the southeast corner or Hastings and Cambie Streets, Victory Square, Vancouver, B.C., by The Southam Company Limited fer the owner, Pacific Press Limited. Authorized as second class mail, Post Office Department, Ottawa. PHILIP S. FISHER FRED S. AUGER President Publisher MONDAY, AUGUST 15, 1960 The cupboard is getting bare ... It is this aspect of the insurance problem that is criticized by the B.C. Research Council. In its report it, suggests the un- The severe drain on unemployment in surance funds through payments to seasonal workers has been emphasized by two government reports, one in Ottawa and the other in Victoria. Federal experts warn that unless drastic remedies are devised, the insurance fund could be exhausted in two or three years. It has already shrunk from $921 million in 1953 to just over $200 million, with $650 million of the drop occurring in the past three years. Unless unemployment conditions change, or other arrangements are made to provide for seasonal workers, the annual deficit will run to $134 million a year. The report contains a strong remainder to Canadians they must pay the shot for their benefits by stating that contribution rates might have to be increased up to 41 per cent to keep the fund solvent. The federal experts are highly critical of the Conservative government's special benefits to seasonal workers . on the grounds that the benefits are in the category of welfare rather than insurance and should be provided from some other . source. employment insurance rates should be made variable to encourage firms to operate steadily throughout the year. It recommends that firms with high seasonal unemployment should pay more; those which keep workers throughout the winter should enjoy lower premiums than in the summer. Whatever the solution, it must be found quickjy. In seven years the fund has shrunk to almost one-fifth its size in 1953, and there is no reason to believe this trend will alter on it own. Attention has been drawn recently to malpractices by seasonal workers colled ing unemployment insurance, particularly in the fishing industry. There is no Indication yet, however, of the government plugging this hole. . Whatever remedy is prescribed, it must be remembered that unemployment insurance is insurance, not welfare. Those who benefit must bear their share of the cost of making the fund secure. They can't expect something for nothing. Brass bedsteads are coming back, which is welcome news even to those of us who never knew they had gone away. The 'keys' to miclea The Canadian endeavoring to weigh the pros and cons about U.S. nuclear warheads being supplied Canadian missile bases is to be forgiven if he finds it difficult to make up his mind. So much gobbledygook has been uttered and so much left unsaid in the controversy about Canadian sovereignty over U.S.-supplied nuclear weapons that confusion is to be expected. The government has promised "early . acquisition" of nuclear warheads for bur forces. Mr. Diefenbaker insists Canada must have control of them. And American law demands the U.S. have final say. In the final analysis, since we are all In this together, it boils down to the academic question of who presses the button. Obviously there has to be a compromise to permit some form of joint control. This need not be complicated. A solution already exists in the joint control agreement between Britain and the U.S., outlined by this newspaper in an article reprinted from Time Magazine! Under the British-U.S. arrangement, Britain holds the key to launching the missiles, and the U.S. holds the key to r. sovereignty . arming the warheads. And the keys are literally held by British and U.S. officers and turned only on instructions of the prime minister and the president. This arrangement embodies a certain surrender of sovereignty by both nations, but retains for both countries the ultimate' power of veto. From the Canadian point of view, this is most important. ; In face of the tremendous costs involved in missiles, Britain has abandoned her own Blue Streak project in favor of relying on the American Skybolt The British obviously weighed seriously the advantages of having their own missile against the disadvantages of sharing control with the U.S. Yet they decided to share. As long as Canada is to base nuclear weapons, the arrangement between Britain and the U.S. would seem to be a model for Canadian-U.S. co-operation. It is simple and foolproof. Despite all the talk about sovereignty, it would, should the occasion arise, leave Canada with the power to say "No." A She just wouldn't turn her key. Vacationing in the mountains or at the seashore is a matter of choice do you prefer your picinic hot dags with pine needles or sandt The dog-owner problem . . . It is evident from the correspondence columns of this newspaper that many people are waging an endless war over dogs their own or the neighbors'. The war is either to suppress dogdom or support it. The dog is in the middle. The best comment on the subject seems to have emanated from a veterinary of the Animal Health Trust, which, naturally, operates in the capital of dogs. Dr. W. R. Wooldridge, of London, says the chief trouble with dogs is that people treat them as human beings. "Animals are much happier if you treat them as animals." ' This sensible advice came during a dissertation on dogs and their owners which revealed the owner as the chief cul- prit 'There are more ill-trained people than ill-trained dogs" was one opinion. When the question of neurosis in ani mals came up, there was agreement that a dog could be rendered neurotic, but that it is ridiculous to suggest that an animal could be effected by the "stress of modern life." The dog that bites . postmen or children only needs training. This evil is known to be increasing, largely because people don't know how to handle their animals, one expert said. Dog psychiatrists, which abound In California, have received a less than cool reception from British organizatibns, such as the Canine Defence League and the Royal Army Veterinary Corps. These bodies evidently know their animal lovers as well as they know their animals. One spokesman had the last word: "You could get an enthusiastic response from the public tomorrow if you began a campaign to knit bed socks for moorland sheep." Man with his own country . . . Everyone who has run into officialdom to his cost and wondered at the ridiculous questions asked of tourists will have sympathy for a man sonorously named John Allen Kuchar Zegrus. Mr. Zegrus wanted tc travel round the world. To impress officials, he invented a nation, a capital, a people and a language. All these he recorded on a passport which he made himself. Victims of bureaucracy all over the universe will be delighted lo hear that he was wonderfully received everywhere well, almost everywhere. John claimed to be a "naturalized Ethiopian and an intelligence agent for Colonel Nasser." The passport was stamped as issued at Tamanrasset, the capital of Tuared "south of the Sahara." Any places so romantically named ought to exist, but they don't. John Allen Kuchar Zegrus invented them. Armed with this wonderful document, Mr. Zegrus travelled royally through the Middle East, accepting homage as he went And if there were any doubters, they were invited to read a kind of proclamation beneath the national Tuared stamp. It read; "Rch ubwaii ochtra negussi habessi tnvap turara." That was the clincher, but didn't mean anything in any language. The gallant gesture for the individualist, unfortunately, ended with the Japanese in Tokyo. They began looking up maps. John Allen is in court, a martyr to Japanese thoroughness. His action takes precedence, we think, over the American citizen who flew his own plane round the world - wearing his own uniform, receiving homage from all and sundry. But the more we ponder on Mr. Zegrus, the more we wish there were really a capital called Tamanrasset, in the delectable country of Tuared south of the Sahara, with a language like the one Zegrus invented. All its citizens would be blessed with John Allen's sterling attitude towards collectors of useless information. TODAY'S BEST FROM EUROPE A? -tat:' - VI r.srsUcy - . - ' , a rii pis j i m ' ' DUTY p- Thi Clobt and Mail. Toronto. V.S already admitted offence How else could U-2 pilot have pleaded? Unless Captain Francis Powers produces evidence In open court of more startling import than the tid-. bits provided In advance by Moscow radio, it will be difficult to attach much weight to the U.S. state department suggestion that" the Russians have subjected him to brainwashing. The unfortunate U-2 pilot , can scarcely be blamed for pleading guilty to the charge of spying for his country when his country has already admitted the offence. Even If the United States government had not acknowledged the nature of Powers' mission three months ago, he would have had difficulty offering a plausible Justification for his presence 1,200 By ED SIMON Canadian Presi Staff Writer miles Inside Soviet territory when his plane was brought down May 1. . Powers' purported account con-' firms the Russian claim that the U-2 was hit at an altitude of 68,-000 feet, and his description sheds some light on the mysterious recovery of the plane In relatively undamaged condition. There is nothing else in the broadcast excerpts that suggests" any coaching by his captors. Clearly, the Russians are prepared to turn the trial into a full-scale indictment of the United States for sending Powers on his abortive mission. Unless they grievously mishandle the performance, there appears to be little that Washington can do about It When Premier Khrushchev first produced his proof that Powers had been ,caught red-handed, President Eisenhower doubtless put the best possible face on the situation by asserting the right to send reconnaissance missions over Russia in the absence of an International open-skies agreement to guard against surprise attack. But it would take a shrewd lawyer to reconcile the president's" claim with a convincing argument for the acquittal of a. pilot caught In the act of conducting such a mission. As he awaits the opening of his trial next Wednesday, Powers can hardly derive much comfort from the state department's announcement that It Is withholding comment to avoid prejudicing his case. Having already pleaded guilty on his behalf, there Is little more that Washington can say to affect the outcome. LETTERS... 5 from Province readers ft ., Festival tickets Kootania's experience, as outlined 1n "Festival Logistics," is re-grettable. My experience In obtaining tickets for "Madame Butterfly," Is similar. Why does Vancouver not have the same system as other large cities, namely, that VIF. TUTS, and any similar form of entertainment, have an office together In a centrally located hotel, with a direct line to the booking office? PRO BONO PUBLICO Vancouver. Freedom prayer We hear and read of rapidly mounting world tension, due in part to the growing pains of the -relatively underprivileged and undeveloped races. We hear the call for U.N. members and member nations to get behind the secretary general In his Herculean task of the moment But even more insistent may we hear the call of our Master, and beseech Him insistently for those awakening peoples, that they may learn the truth that will make them free Indeed. RUTH ELLIOTT Victoria. God, not God I should like to correct the misquotation which occurs in one of your letters to the editor. It is not "He whom God wishes to destroy he first makes mad." It is "Whom the gods wish to destroy they first make mad." This refers to the gods of Greek mythology or other pagan JANE SOPP Always practices Mondaji , , . gods. Vancouver. Royalty's cot Those who complained of the cost of the recent royal wedding and honeymoon were anrweted by the fact that the maintenance of the monarchy doesn"t cost the Eritish taxpayer a penny. Some 200 years ago the royal family surrendered the income from crown estates to the government In return for a royal Ovfl List voted annually by Parliament. The Civil List rays nowanrs to merr.bFrs cf the rojal family; for the upkeep cf royal residences; and for royal bounties and charities. In 1958 9 the net Civil List figure was 552,000. The net revenues of the crown estates which were paid Into the public purse exceeded that figure by 1,538,000. Burnaby. A. HALL The reason why A correspondent asks why men's and women's jackets are buttoned In different ways. How else would we be able to tell men from women? Vancouver. (Mrs.) M. M. B. Wrong country I draw your attention to an error in your "Back When" column about SS. Princess Mary being built "in England." She was Built at Messrs. Bow & McLachlin's Shipyard, Thistle Works, Paisley, Scotland. Legal Hints Question: I was appointed sole executor of my mother's will, which left all her estate equally between my sister and myself, who are both over 21 years of age. The major portion of the estate consists of revenue property. As .executor must I consult anyone as to whether I sell the property and divide the proceeds or retain the property and divide the income? As executor am I entitled to a fee and if so how much? Answer: In the absence of a clear direction in the will to retain the real property and divide the income, and failing acreement between the beneficiaries. I think that the exe-cu'or is obligated to divide the property between the beneficiaries and if this necessitates a sale the executor is duty bound to sell the property for the best price obtainable, lie has a year from the death before he is required to distribute the estate. An executor is entitled to a fair and reasonable allowance. exceetiirg five per rent. On gross sfrsrpca'e value of the by way of remuneration for care, pa! a. and trouble in ad-.isterinz and settling the estate. as the court shall think proper, in addition to any other expenses actually Incurred. not the estate his mis I was the lady-tracer and traced the plans. The Princess Adelaide was built In Fairfield Shipbuilding Co.'a yard, Govan, Glasgow, Scotland. MRS. WM. DEANS Crescent Beach. Heaven help him Last week you announced that Premier Bennett has ordered a fallout shelter. Now, in the Interests of the public, let us hope he will give it a two weeks trial. But he should have a small baby In diapers, in the teething stage, and a 10-year-old boy. When he does come but, he will realize that nuclear war Is like the common cold; prevention is better than cure. (Mrs.) J. LEIKEMAN Salmon Arm. Remember Stout Herts? I see that the Liquor Control Board has banned knives and forks in cocktail bars. More power to them! As a child In Crofts Oak, Herts, our village was saddened by the untimely death of our most promising cricketer, who was fatally stabbed in the groin with a serving fork by his companion when both were suffering from over-consumption of stout None of this nonsense in British Columbia! PATRICIA ARMSTRONG FYFFE Sooke. Be fit ith Thilip May I make additional comment regarding the Duke of Edinburgh's Award scheme for boys that is being introduced to Canada by the Central Fitness Council of B.C.? There will rot be a blanket application of the scheme to all studentx Only those volunteers who are sufficiently stimulated by the challenge .f the scheme and have the time to participate, will be involved in this pilot, experimental scheme. It .should be roted that students cannot tackle the scheme in a "try it and leave as above-a vera re qualifies are demanded of successful participants. HAP.COURT ROY. Executive Director. North Vancouver. Where Belgium failed Congo By ROLAND WILD Some years ago I told frierds in Belgium that I nursed a developing desire to visit the Congo. Their reply was illuminating: "But you never will. The Congo is for government people only. It alwayi will be. It's like Britain's India nobody else can go there." Whether correct or not, their reply .was illuminating. Belgians today are reported to be admitting . freely that as recently as three years ago they looked on anybody . who foresaw independence for the Congo in 20 years as either a rabole rouser or mad. A former minister for the Ccngo, who advocated independence in 1964, was pelted with fruit and sacked from the government A well-known professor who proposed a program of emancipation over 30 years was pilloried in Brussels. Therefore, no plans were made to educate the Congolese. Not a single Congolese was seated besfHe a Belgian official, even after January 13, 1958, when in-dependence was agreed to. After 30 year? service, the highest army rank a Congolese could hold was that of sergeant-major. One university , professor in Leopoldville is reported as saying: "Until five years ago I nevar had an African pupil." : The reasoning In Brussels was simple. "We thought we would stay in the Congo economically," they said. "Alternatively, we thought that showing the Congolese how much they still needed us was our best guarantee of staying." While some Belgians honestly believed that India, for instance, was closed to all but officials, they were also ignorant of what progress was being made there. They did not know that Queen Victo.'ia'a proclamation promising inde-pendencewas read in public every year. They did not believe stories' of the vast universities, the benches packed with Indian judges, the army with Its own Sandhurst, the swarms of Indian politicians, and ; lawyers and wealthy business leaders. ' They might, however, have be- , lieved th facts of other colonial adventures by other nations. In ' southeast Asia countries were abandoned without doctors, clerks, or administrators. One nation, becoming a member of UN, was hard put to find a single representative.-"We have two men In the country f with the mental equipment," it was said. "But only one of them is honest ..." Today Kenya is being examined for readiness for self rule. Comparisons with the Congo, on basic standards, are alarming. Kenya is, home to some 40 tribes of differing origins and languages. There is already the fear of secession by groups, as in the Conga No leader, can be seen who is able to make a nation out of Kenya. But before other steps are contemplated, Kenya will train a corps of administrators. An Institute of administration is suggested, and Africans will be sent overseas for technical training. Unity will be the foremost condition demanded before leaving Masai, Somalis, Kiku-yus, Luos, Arabs, Asians and others to take over the machinery of government This is the lesson of the Congo. This is what Belgians forgot when they talked of permanent occupation of the Congo. Gac&Wlwx.. nOM THE PlQVlHCt HIES 50 years ago Aug- 15, 1910 DEAD Miss Florence Nightingale, ''the angel cf Crimea" has died fn her 90th year- EXHIBITION At noon today the gates were thrown open and Vancouver's first fair was "open for business " A guest, tomorriw will .be Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the prime minister. 25 years ago Aug. 15, 1335 SCHOOL The first party of children for the Prince of Wales Fairbridge Farm Schrol at Cowichan Station will arrive from England next month. The party will consist of 56 boys and girlk OIL American interests are reported studying proposals to drill for oil on Graham Island in the Queen Charlotte Islands. Bible fHrscarjc Your glorifying is not good Know ye not tnat a Lttk leaven leaveneth the whole lump? Puree out therefore the old lpa'.en. that ye may be a rew lump, as ye ara urJr-avenH. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for s: thre-fore Jet us kep the feast, not with o'd leaven, neither with t'.e leaven nf malice and wickedic-ss; but with the unleavened bread cf lincenty ar.i t-utn. (I Cor. 5.18 )

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