The Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle from Milwaukee, Wisconsin on September 16, 1955 · Page 2
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The Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle from Milwaukee, Wisconsin · Page 2

Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Issue Date:
Friday, September 16, 1955
Page 2
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THE WISCONSIN JEWISH CHRONICLE September 16, 1955 American Notables 6 Harry Simonhoff 18 14: Jonathan Horwitz The title "People of the Book" carries with it a responsibility and obligation. The "Book of Books" had to be studied, cherished and made available by its Jewish creators. For about two millennia the Torah had been transcribed by hand and carried over land and sea to countries far and near. To no other people did Gutten-burg's invention in 1450 bring a greater boon. Almost immediately Hebrew presses were set up in Italy. Soncino's Hebrew type has never been surpassed for beauty. The printing of Hebrew books followed in Spain, Portugal, Turkey, Holland, Germany, and by the 18th century, Amsterdam had become a center for Jewish publications. Here Van der Hooght's Hebrew Bible with its Latin introduction was printed; it enjoyed a large circulation among Christian scholars. In 1812 Jonathan Horwitz arrived in New York. From Amsterdam he brought along Hebrew type together with his manuscript of a Hebrew grammar almost completed. Rumors had reached the Amsterdam publishers of a good market for the Scriptures in Hebrew in the growing young republic. Institutions of higher learning, especially in Puritan New England, had been teaching Hebrew for about a century. Clergymen and lay scholars were prospective purchasers. The Rev. Dr. James P. Wilson in his introduction to a reprint of Parkhurst's Hebrew Grammar informed the public: "Mr. Horwitz, a learned foreigner now in America, permits me to say that he has also an English-Hebrew grammar; which is nearly ready for the press. The highest expectations may be entertained by the critical Hebrew scholar, from his uncommon proficiency in oriental learning." Tries New Type on Bible Before venturing on a grammar, Horwitz thought it feasible to utilize his type for a Bible. This would be sure fire hit for no one in America had yet printed Holy Writ in Hebrew. He traveled throughout New England soliciting subscribers and met with some success. Harvard College and An-dover Theological Institution ordered 40 copies each. While in the midst of his efforts, he read in New York's Commercial Advertiser that the publishers Whiting and Watson were preparing an American edition of Van der Hooght's Hebrew Bible. This was disconcerting for the Reverend Doctors S. M. Mathews and J. M. Mason would supervise and direct the publication. These professors at theological seminaries had access to learned institutions and were influential with educated circles. Moreover two similar publications were in the offing; one by a missionary society and another by Benjamin Boothjoyd. Besides, the second war with Britain made it difficult, if not impossible, to obtain suitable paper for a two-volume de luxe edition. It is therefore not surprising that Horwitz became discouraged. A recent arrival and alone, he felt too weak financially for the undertaking. It would seem likely CLASSIFIED W.INTMI: r'aiir or fUr riMim apartmrnf r flal. lower, hmI of Hhrrman diva. Two orll lrlird rhllclrrn. tall III. ROOK rnrrli.M-ilU fr ,iur famll. for onr Ittimr. I all Mr. Trd Jlld Hrrnhardl. Hl. I-IHII. rK(TI l. nur.r. iradnalr. Mr., lath, rrlnr lrm. tMI.Vt W. Applrliin air. fall III. ir::ll ,,r I V. :l-:iuv If ran-not he rrarhed. Mrlle. rOK RKXT: Komn. northrl -Idr. Ilouw-tinld pritilrtr. 4 all a'lrr II p. m. III. A-AIHtl. M)K RKXT: Sit room modern rial, upper: three iM-droomw. oil heat; garage. 'J.MII v aim t. 111. j.i.w:. FOR RKNT: I pper rornrr file room healed aparlmrnl. AiJH W. Center t. all III. A-.I1K1.Y MAGAZINES POPI'LAR and TECHNICAL Write nr t ail for l.atewl I'rlre Catalogue MRS. GEORGE (Blanche) CHERTQK V .VMIl SI. III. .Villi Holiday hint: whatever you bake m MAKES THE CAKE! Outbakes any other method . . . any other mix! New Dromedary gives you exclusive advantages no other cake mix . . . no other baking method ever had before: TWIN PACK MIRACLE SHORTENING PRE CREAMEO MIX FREE PAN LINERS . . . on J Dromedary is kosher yet cesfs no morel Tell your grocer you want Dromedary ... in the package with the fy ; that tells you if s kosher! Also: Pound Cake Mix Gingerbread that he would seek a Jewish partner. But the expensive kind of Bible he projected had little prospect of sale among Jews; they no doubt had an abundance of tan-achs and prayer books brought over from Europe. Besides the synagogues had no difficulty importing the handwritten scrolls, or the religious literature that was printed extensively in the German ghettos, in Amsterdam, and even by the presses of Warsaw, Prague, Wilna, and Cracow. Yet Horwitz was determined to see his project through. He sold his Hebrew type to the printer William Fry and the list of subscriptions to Thomas Dobson, a book dealer. Both operated in Philadelphia, so the printing went thru without a hitch. Its publication was announced in the Philadelphia press in the spring of 1813 and by 1814 the first complete Hebrew Bible in the U. S. A. was issued. Horwitz possibly worked in the printing shop; certainly he planned the format, proofread and corrected the galleys. In a letter to Rev. John Wright, author of Early American Bibles, the eminent Philadelphian, Rabbi Sabato Morais of Mikveh Israel stated: "The edition is good, and I think as correct as others. The marginal annotations are helpful and copious." Studies Medicine While working in the printing shop, Horwitz was studying in the medical school of the University of Pennsylvania and completed the required two year medical course.On presenting his thesis on colic, the University conferred upon him the degree of M. D. in 1815. Dr. Horwitz then married Miss Debbie Andrews, daughter of Joseph Andrews, formerly a sho-chet in New York. He settled in Baltimore, and the City Directory lists his name each year from 1827 to 1852, but he still maintained relations with the Jewish community of Philadelphia where he served as official doctor for the United Hebrew Beneficient Society. Practice of medicine did not deter other scholarly pursuits. The critical attacks of scientists upon the account of Creation in Genesis drew his fire. In 1839 Dr. J. Horwitz published A Defence of the Cosmogony of Moses. The book attempts to refute the scientific new arguments explaining the origin of the universe as inconsistent with the Old Testament. He examined Dr. Buckland's treatise concerning the Mosaic history of the origin of the world in the light of latest geological discoveries. He also reviewed and analyzed the essay of J. G. Morris on "Geology the Revelation" published in 1838 by the American Museum. At the outbreak of the Mexican War, the President called for 50,-000 volunteers. Dr. Jonas Horowitz, as he now called himself, prabably to be distinct from his son Jonathan Phineas, also a physician, enlisted as surgeon to the Jewish company of volunteers from Baltimore. This mass enlistment by immigrants elicited favorable comment. The New York Herald of July 1845 quotes from a Baltimore paper: "The next in order is the 'Hebrew Volunteers' who although composed principally of foreigners, have nonetheless evinced a love and devotion for the institutions of their adopted country by the organization of a military corps to act in concert with the native militia in defense of these institutions; and although professing a religion opposite to the gentlemen whom they have chosen their commander, they have still more strongly evinced a love for the honor, glory, and perpetuity of the independence of their country." Dr. Jonas Horwitz served for the duration, returned home, and died in 1852. His Son's Career His son Jonathan Phineas Horwitz had a distinguished career. Born in 1822, he studied at the University of Maryland and the Jefferson College in Philadelphia. Following his father's example, the younger Dr. Horwitz enlisted during the Mexican War. He was appointed assistant surgeon in the U. S. Navy and placed in charge of its hospital at Tobasco. Before and during the Civil War. Dr. Jonathan Phineas Horwitz became Assistant to the U. S. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Among his duties were the tabu- Mix Honey n' Spice Cake Mix 1 If For a Happy New Year in a Happy New Land RABBI DR. EZEKIEL LANDAU, spiritual adviser of the United HIAS Service Shelter in New York, rehearsing a choir of recent young immigrants who are temporarily living at the Shelter, in preparation for the High Holy Day services to be held at the Shelter's synagogue beginning with the eve of Rosh Hashanah. The families of these refugee children will live at the United IUAS Shelter until arrangements can be completed for their permanent resettlement. The Shelter's population has increased greatly since the speed-up in the operation of the Refugee Relief Act, adding considerably to the load being carried by the great global migration agency, which does not share in I'JA funds and relies for its entire support on contributions from fraternal, religious and labor organizations, community and welfare funds and from private individuals. Johnston Offers New Concessions to Arabs on Jordan WASHINGTON ( JTA ) Ambassador Eric Johnston, President Eisenhower's personal representative to the Near East, announced new concessions to the Arab states in an attempt to win their agreement to the American plan for hydroelectric development of the Jordan River Valley. The details of Ambassador Johnston's offer, made in Lebanon, were received here in a dispatch from Beirut. In a statement designed to meet some of the Arab objections to the plan, Mr. Johnston said that more water than originally provided would be stored in the Yarmuk basin, located in Jordan and Syria. At the same time, he said that a decision on the storage of water in Lake Tiberias, within Israel, would be deferred pending further study by a neutral body. The Arab leaders, Ambassador Johnston said, have "received my assurance that the plan it intended lation of medical and surgical statistics, the adjustment of pensions for the wounded and to the widows and orphans of casualties in the Navy, and the general management of all financial matters pertaining to the office. The efficient discharge of duty earned him a unanimous vote of commendation from Congress. In 1865 he was promoted Chief of the Bureau; he became Medical Director in 1873, and retired with the medical rank of captain. He projected the Naval Hospital in Philadelphia and was instrumental in its construction. His picture hangs in the Surgeon General's office of the Brooklyn Navy Yard. ujScKi River Plan to produce no change whatever in the political situation in the area, and that it represents only the sincere purpose on the part of the United States to help the governments and peoples of the Near East to achieve a generally higher level of economic well-being." Mr. Johnston, who has already talked with Jordanians and Lebanese leaders, plans to proceed to Syria later this week and then go on to Cairo before calling at Jerusalem. Dutch Ashkenazi Group Affiliates With WJC NEW YORK (JTA) The Nederlands - Israelitisch Kerkgen-ootschap representative organization of Ashkenazi Jews in the Netherlands has affiliated with the World Jewish Congress, Dr. I. Schwartzbart, WJC director of the organization, announced here. The Kerkgenooaschap which dates back to 1870 represents the Dutch Jewish community vis-a-vis the government and speaks for all of Holland's 22,000 Jews except 900 members of the two Sephardic synagogues and 300 members of one Liberal congregation. Tho Wisconsin Jewish ChronicU Vol. 7M SK1TEMBKK 111. 1 !-)-. No. 4 Published wMklr br thl WlnoBala Jawteft Gbraalow PubUiklDf Company, M ISO IMMTaal BITOTl. MUWaUkM 3. WIMOI atound m aacond aia miliar a pM of flea. Milwaukee. Wla.. undar tka of March S. 1870. Tmma of rabaaMpUon: $6.00 par root pajabto in adTaaea. Dollnrad br mall aaUr UGH! LTOeU'J V. Sands Point Bars Establishment of Synagogue; Governor Hits Decision NEW YORK (JTA) Gov. Averill Harriman has blasted a decision of the zoning board of nearby Sands Point, Long Island, refusing the Sands Point Community Synagogue the right to use a building and estate which it purchased for a synagogue and religious school. The Governor is a property owner in the exclusive suburban community. The zoning board's action was the latest move in a two-year fight to keep the congregation from using for religious purposes a $215,000 estate consisting of a 42-room mansion, swimming pool, tennis courts, stable and five other buildings set on 24 acres. The zoning board based its decision on the following assertions: the synagogue has not proved that the building meets the state building code specifications; the synagogue wants to use the property for other than religious purposes; the 24 acres is too much for religious purposes, and the location is not proper for such a building. The attorneys for the congregation contended that the building does meet code specifications and Fall presentation of enievi c reauons Traditionally the ultimate in Quality Perfection Prestige Comfortably cool - Downtown and MGRE ABE UHEQUAILE VALUES! ?alOD 'SB Cooed! UJOFCfled NO DOWN PAYMENT convenient clo lining budget plan reverse twists, double wovens fine worsted flannels, too all sizes big color choice that the congregation offered part of the 24 acres, including the swimming pool to the village for a public recreation development. The town, -which has been seeking land for recreational purposes, has not even bothered to reply to the congregation's offer. The decision of the zoning board will be appealed to the state Supreme Court. Gov. Harriman, in a letter to Village Trustee William I. Stoddard, declared "the arbitrary refusal of the board to grant a use permit for the use of the Holmes property (the estate) for this purpose is a shocking thing." He expressed the hope that the village authorities would change their decision. He also advised them to accept the "generous offer" of part of the estate for recreational purposes. TEL AVIV (JTA) A cornerstone ceremony for a new 70-room hostel to house immigrants from Western countries was held in the new suburb being built by Imidar near the Yarkon River. The hostel is named for the late Prof. Selig Brodetsky. J4 ? 2 STUART PASTEL MINK CAPE, origin United States. Price includes tax, $1440 Southgate Every hand-picked one of these long wearing, hard worsted, high quality suits is tailored in slimmer, trimmer, longer lines, 2 or 3 button coats, center vents, flap pockets in natural shouldered silhouette all indicating the men's new-for-fall '55 Continental influence. These suits were tailored and styled to our own specifications from Goodman & Suss' line of fine worsteds in order to bring you values we are confident are unequaled anywhere . . . because these same fabrics tailored with the Goodman & Suss label in them sell regularly for 79.50 to 89.50. Look at the colors: Charbrown, charcoal grey, brown, grey and navy. Regular, 37 to 46 ; short, 37 to 42 ; long, 37 to 46. New B'nai B'rith Body Set Up for Europe GENEVA (JTA) A new B'nai B'rith district covering continental Europe was formally installed at Basle at a ceremony presided over by Rabbi Leo Baeck, former Chief Rabbi of Berlin and currently head of the World Union for Progressive Union, who presented the charter of the new lodge to Dr. Edwin Guggenhim, its new president. This is the first new B'nai B'rith district to be organized in Europe in more than two decades. OTTO and ELENOR SALOMON Ilcgina Puftirr Shop 2334 W. Cantar Sf. wish their many friends and patrons a happy, healthy and prosperous New Year! A l -J popular splash weaves executive type stripes rich all-over patterns

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