TTisconsir. Stite Historical Library. Malison. Sis. isoodsiti ewisn ttnr oniae AWeeMy Pap&i for the JevrisnSSAmQ Vol. 58 -No. 17 Entered u K-cond claw matter on January 13, 1922. at the pun office of Milwaukee. Wia.. under the Act of March 3. 1870. MILWAUKEE, WIS., DECEMBER 27, 1946 Per Year $4 Eisendrath, Glen and Pokrass are Named as Campaign Co-Chairmen Business Leaders Accept High Positions in 1947 Drive for the Milwaukee Jewish Welfare Fund; Pledge Full Participation in Appeal Three leading businessmen have been appointed as co-chairmen of the 1917 campaign for the Milwaukee Jewish Welfare Fund, according to an announcement made this week by Irving (J. Rhodes, drive chairman. They are David 11. Eisendrath, Leonard Glen and Sam Pokrass, each of whom is a leader in his field and has taken an active part in communal affairs. Mr. Eisendrath and Mr. (lien headed the important industrial division in the 1916 campaign, while Mr. Pokrass was chairman of the liquor division. Mr. Eisendrath is president of the tannery in Racine Reveal Brutality of Nazi Doctors at War Crimes Trial Murdered 121 Jews to Collect Skeletons for Anatomical Institute Nuremberg (JTA) The murder by Nazi technicians of 121 Jews, including 30 women, in order to complete the collection of skeletons at the Strasbourg Ana tomical Institute, then under Ger "l lit li was oe2-"Dea i at the trial of 23 German doctors before a U. S. war crimes tribunal. Henri Henry-Pierre, a French chemist who was employed at the Institute, testified that when the bodies arrived they were still warm and bore signs of having j Welfare Fund, made the following Senate War Investigating Corn-died violently. All the corpses ; statement regarding the campaign mittee, in his report to the com- were of persons of good physique. ! The corpses remained in preserv- ing tanks for one year until with the advent of the Allied invasion, the directors of the Institute sought to destroy them, but were thwart- ! ed by Henry-Pierre who disposed of only a few bodies. Describe Experiments The prosecution introduced evidence that-Rudolph Brandt, who was Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler's assistant at one time, and Wolfram Sievers, a former S.S. colonel and director of the Institute, collaborated with other Nazis in obtaining the skeletons of the "Jewish Bolshevik commissars," as victims were described. Also introduced was an affidavit from Rudolph Brandt, stating that Karl Brandt, Hitler's personal physician and chief defendant, initiated jaundice experiments using Jews as patients. Other affidavits by defendants Fritz Fischer and Herta Ober-hauser, a woman, both of whom were physicians at the Ravens-bruck concentration camp, described experiments carried out on Jewish and Polish women in which legs were amputated and the stumps infected with wood shavings and shards of glass and then treated with sulfanilamide. Many of the victims died as a result of the experiments and the remainder were crippled and disfigured, the affidavits said. Sterilized 1,000 Women Daily Earlier, a French Jewish doctor, Robert Levy, who was compelled by the Nazis to work in the hospital wards at the Oswiecim death camp, told the tribunal of the effects on thousands of Jews of experiments carried out there. Another witness declared that the Nazis sterilized 'as many as 1,000 Jewish women a day during 1943. Sterilization resulted from injections of an irritating solution during routine gynecological examinations, without the victims being aware of it. Dr. Levy, who was in charge of a Jewish ward where the major portion of the cases were men and women who had been sterilized and badly burned by X-rays, said most of the burn cases developed into cancer, adding that all the sterilized patients eventually became physical wrecks. He said that German doctors made periodic checks of his ward, sending thin and weak patients to the gas chamber. The prosecution also introduced evidence proving that sterilization j experiments were part of a pre-' Tpwih nponle Other witnesses testified that Jewish prisoners .. 11CoH in fatal px nprimcnts in- I rlnrtinTmeh altitude eluding nign alinuae tests, maid ria researcn ana ine enecis 01 drinking sea water. Light Chanukah Torches in Judean Hills -Tprnsnlpm f JTA) Tk 1 ditional ceremony of lighting der the direct control oi ine coun-torches and other flame signals in j cil. the Judean hills on the first night In an official foreword to the re-of Chanukah was revived by mem- ! po-t. the Palestine Government bers of Poale Mizrachi settlements emohasizes that it has not com- in the Jerusalem-Hebron area, i Many guests from all parts of the country, including leading government and cultural leaders, attended the ceremony. I bearing his family name, and is also a director of several other ' firms. Mr. Glen, is head of the Rhea Manufacturing company, one of the largest dress manufacturing firms in the nation. He is the treasurer of the Welfare Fund and a director of Mt. Sinai hospital and Brynwood club. Mr. Pokrass is president of the Wisconsin Liquor company, one of the nation's leaders in the wholesale liquor field. Each has pledged his utmost effort to the coming campaign. Their experiences in previous campaigns, particularly the 1946 appeal, have given them an understanding of the problem and a knowledge of the task ahead. Despite the fact that a substantial increase from the 1946 quota of $1,000,000 is ex ffl&J1! ?vPTOB&mg he ! dence and the feeling that Mil waukee Jews will do their full share. Nickoll Lauds Leaders Ben E. Nickoll. Dresident of the leadership: "The acceptance of Messrs. El- sendrath. Glen and Pokrass to serve as co-chairmen of the 1947 Milwaukee Jewish Welfare Fund campaign demonstrates an old ad- age which points out that in times of emergercy and stress there are always leaders who come forward to assume their obligations and their place in the community. "The fact that these substantial business men have so willingly agreed to give their time and their energy in the coming campaign augurs well for success, and the community can be assured that with this type of leadership assisting our Chairman, Irving G. Rhodes, that everything possible will be done to carry through to victory. "We do not yet know what the goal of the 1947 campaign will be j but all of us are encouraged with , the spirit of cooperation and of j confidence, not only of these gen- tlemen, but of everyone to whom we have talked. We are assured I that all of the people who worked so well in last year's campaign will at the proper time, serve again to bring the aid and comfort that our brethren overseas need so badly. "As president of the Welfare Fund I desire to express to these gentlemen my own, as well as the thanks of the community, for their acceptance of this important appointment." Urges Division of Jerusalem Info Jewish, Arab Buroughs Jerusalem (JTA) The ad- sion in 1936 which recommended ministrative division of Jerusalem that an expert be assigned to study into two boroughs, one Jewish and the structure of local government one Arab, with separate municipal in Palestine with a view toward councils and mayors under the completely overhauling it. overall control of a four-man ad- Mt. Scopus, on which the He-ministrative council, is recom- I brew University is located, would mended in a report by Sir William not be included in the Jewish Fitzgerald. Palestine chief justice, I borough under Fitzgerald's plan -which was released here. i The reDort. which is the result of an investigation begun over a i year ago when the Jerusalem mu- ! nicipal council failed to agree on ' whether to elect an Arab or a Jew-j ish mayor of the city, recommends that the administrative council j shall be composed of one repre- ' sentative of each borough and two , other persons, neither Arabs nor ! Jews, appointed by the High Com- missioner. In addition, the High Commis- sioner would choose the council s i wo"W be given the k ,,: ,., , uidjrui ui eiiiici uui uugn. x iic 1 wmild he elected bv the DODula- i inn nf thi resnective units. Un-1 der Fitzgerald's plan the admini-! drtinn nf i h Hnlv PlarM and nf tho niH Tiiv urnnlH he nn. mittea itsen to accepiance oi nu- gerald s recommendations, ii aaas that as soon as circumstances per mit, the government win impie- ment a report of a Royal Commis- i Co-Chairman of Welfare Fund Drive ( ( 1 , I DAVID B. EISENDRATH High U. S. Official Wants 100,000 Jews to Enter Palestine Urges United Nations to Grant Admission to Remaining Jewish DP's Washington (JTA) Assistant Secretary of War Howard Petersen, on a radio interview Jews should be admitted to Pales tine and that the rest of the Unit- ed Nations should open their doors to the immigration of the remaining Jewish displaced persons. Petersen refuted charges made by George Meader, counsel to the mittee, to the effect that the mi gration of Jewish DP's from Poland is organized and paid for by groups of Jews in other lands. "Jews in Poland are going to leave Poland, regardless of outside assistance," Petersen said. "They want to get out of Europe, to go to Palestine. In their migration they receive help along the way, humane treatment by voluntary Jewish agencies which are doing fine work. But the help they are given doesn't start the movement. I don't think coffee and doughnuts and wayside soup kitchens ever started a mass migration." To Meader's charge that the DP's have "no desire to work," Petersen pointed, in explanation, to the psychological factor in the reluctance of the Jewish DP's to do any work that would aid Ger many in any way. He also pointed out that in many cases the camps were not located close to centers of industry. n .ypiu Costs Britain $7,600,000 London (JTA) The erection of internment camps on Cyprus and maintaining visaless Jewish immigrants in them has cost the British Government $7,-600,000 up to the present time, Colonial Secretary Arthur Creech-Jones announced. He estimated that the cost of the camps alone, which will be charged to the Palestine Government, amounts to more than $4,600,000. for the new municipal set-up In a map attached to the report, i which would also place a number j of Jewish quarters such as Tal- piot and Arnona in the Arab unit, i Mt. Scopus is set off as a rural ! area and placed outside the juris- j diction of any part of the Jerusa- lem administration. In general, however, the boroughs are pre- dominantly Jewish and Arab, re- soectively. The report cites the fact that the Jews are in a majority in the city and are entitled to full demo- : cratic rights, but points out that t...;u i... i , oei usuitnii s oLieuicii awiiu nu i make some concessions. Fitzeerald nlsn slatprf that he has concluded that there is no possibilty of the .Tpwb unA Arahs rnnrwratinc in an i pffm-tiuB mnnirinal pnvprnment for Jprusalpm. , Palestine Government Secre- City, and Mrs. Tillie Cohen and j report which led to President Tru-tari.it nffinns and thp hparinnarters ; Miss Ruth Dorsen. both of Los ! man's original demand for the ad- of British trooDS based in Pales-i tino anH Transinrrian will be I incfrrH frnm thf Kine David ' Hotel to the Mount of Olives and the Dajani quarter of Jerusalem next summer, it was officially an- nounced. LEONARD GLEN Deadline Next Week Tuesday Noon Because of the New Year's Day next Wednesday the Chronicle's deadline for next week will be Tuesday noon instead of Wednesday noon. Pictures for the social columns and other purposes must be In our office Monday of next week, since it takes several days to make newspaper "cuts" from photographs. Publicity chairmen are urged to get their material in well before the deadline. Attention is called to the rule that notices must be typewritten and double spaced to allow for editorial correction. The Chronicle is seeking to serve all organizations and groups impartially and asks that you cooperate in its efforts. Sigmund Dorsen Dies at 70 After Heart Attack Merchant Was Formerly Very Active in Local Communal Affairs A heart attack proved fatal last Sunday to Sigmund Dorsen, prominent Milwaukee merchant who for many years took a leading part in Jewish activities. He was 70 years old. SIGMUND DORSEN Within recent years Mr. Dorsen had been inactive in communal affairs, but his record in years past is long and impressive. He was an earnest worker in a variety of causes and gave liberally of his time and means. TUTf nnrcon fitrmorlv w thp : treasurer of Temple Emanu-El B'ne Jeshurun and was one of those instrumental in the consoli- rfatinn of the two congregations, Previously, he was vice-president ; of Temple B'ne Jeshurun. j He also served as vice-president or Mount tinai nospitai ana as member of its board; treasurer of . the building fund campaign for : the Home for Aged Jews; and as' member of the board of the old Federated Jewish Charities, Mr. Dorsen came to Milwaukee from New York in 1911 and short- ly thereafter opened a women's ready to wear shop Later the i i Plankinton building store was moved to N. Fourth h wuncin r h. 4; i v k.. ; icmcu uwui wu.-inicw m a daughter. Roslvn. 1914 N. Pros-: Dect avenue: three brothers. Jack. Los Angeles, Calif.; Robert, Atlan- ta. Ga.. and Harrv. Cleveland. O.: four sisters. Mrs. Reeina Collins ana Mrs. Anna Einenara. rew iom Aneeles. . Services were held at the Philip i J. Weiss funeral home. 1901 N. Farwell avenue, inursday witn Rabbi Samuel Hirshberg officiating. Interment was in Greenwood cemetery. .'V i , . - .. . i '"tffiiii x j) w SAM POKRASS Truman Speeds Up Transportation of DP's to America Assigns Four Ships to Alleviate Serious Situation in Germany Washington (JTA) President Truman has assigned four ships to expedite the movement to ! the United States of 2,100 displaced I persons with U. S. visas, who have I been delayed at Bremerhaven due to lack of shipping, the White House announced. The vessels ac-I commodate approximately nine hundred passengers each and will be kept in this service, the president said, "until the situation has been fully relieved." Pointing to the "serious bitua-tion" among the displaced persons, who include 177 orphaned children, and who "are crowded Into an embarkation center designed to accomodate only transients," the President said that "mindful of the bleak Christmas ahead for these people who have already suffered so much, I have taken up this matter with the Maritime Commission and can hold out hope of early improvement." Mr. Truman opened his state ment with a reference to his directive of December 22, 1945, to a number of executive agencies, "designed to facilitate the immigration of refugees and displaced persons up to the full limit provided by the immigration law. "Up to October 21. 1946, only 4.767 persons were provided for under these arrangements," the President declared. "At the present time, forseeable sailings in 1946 will provide for only 683 more persons." Th ships designated for the Bremerhaven run are the Ernie Pyle, to arrive there New Year's Day, the Marine Marlin. leaving New York December 27 and reaching Bremerhaven January 6, and the Marine Flasher, arriving in Bremerhaven January 8. The Marine Falcon, now in the Pacific, will arrive in Bremerhaven in late January. Links Phone Calls to Anti-Jewish Campaign London (JTA) Following the receipt of more phone calls threatening the destruction of various public buildings in London, the Daily Herald published an interview with a high government official who linked the "hoax calls" to an anti-Semitic organization. The official said that the phone calls, which are made by a man who identifies himself as a "Jewish terrorist," were most likely the work of an anti-Jewish organiza tion and are aimed at stirring up anti-Semitism in Britain. For I months men and women formerly allied with the fascist movement ana institutions nave Dcen irymj? to fan anti-Semitism into violent hate in Britain," he declared Will Fight for Admission Into U. S. of 400,000 DP's New York (JTA) Estab- lishment of a Citizen Committee on Displaced Persons which will r revision oi u. o. imim- oration bur cn aa in nprmit the . hie rn,mtrv ,r 4nn nnn fusees from EuroDe was an-1 nounced here during the week- end. The chairman of the committee is Earl G. Harrison, former U. S. Commissioner of Immigration and ' r.aiuraiizaun aim huuiui ui mc mission into Palestine of 100.000 Jewish DP's. Harrison is also U. S. representative on the Inter- governmental Committee for Ref ugees. Among notables wno at tended the organizational meeting on Friday were former Gov. Her-. Zionist Parley Votes Against Participation In London Conference Position of Rabbi Silver Favored at the Closing Session of the World Zionist Organization; Vote is 171 to 154 Hiislc (JTA) Mv a voto of 171 to I'll the World Zionist Congress voted against participation in the London Conference on Palestine "in the existing circumstances." The vote was on a resolution introduced by Hahhi Abba Ilillel Silver. The Congress closed without electing a new president or executive. The new Actions Committee was scheduled to meet later to elect the executive. Karlier, the Congress unanimously adopted a resolution condemning the British White l'apcr as "an obstacle to the rescue and rehabilitation of hundreds of thousands of the surviving Jews in Europe." Another resolution denounced the British regime in Palestine as "oppressive" and at the same time condemned terrorism as a method of resisting the government. Condemn Violence "While upholding the right of the Yishuv to resist the present oppressive regime in Palestine," the resolution said, "the Congress condemns murder and the shedding of innocent blood as a means of political warfare." Calling upon the extremist groups to "submit to national discipline," the resolution declared that the campaign of violence "serves to distort the true charac- ter of the Yishuv in the eyes of the world." Also unanimously approved was a resolution asking unrestricted emigration into the Holy Land. It hailed "the continuous flow to Palestine of Jewish immigrants who have braved every terror to ream ine snores 01 meir nome- land." Earlier, Dr. Chaim Weizmann appeared before the political committee of the Congresss and before a meeting of the General Zionists and reiterated his demand for unconditional participation in the London Conference on Palestine. In the World Confederation of General Zionists Dr. Weizmann encountered strong 'Opposition led by Dr. Moshe Sneh. Dr. Sneh charged that Dr. Weizmann cannot be trusted, because he changes his position too often. He pointed ,to the fact that Dr. Weizmann, when testifying before the Anglo- American inquiry committee, stated that a Jewish state can and must be established in the whole of Palestine; later, in a letter to the Colonial Secretary he suid that the Zionists would attend the London parley providing that the talks were based upon the principle of a Jewish state in a partitioned Palestine; now he is ready to attend the London conference without setting any conditions. Need S32.000.000 for New Settlements The colonization committee was presented with a Jewish National Fund plan for the establishment of 85 new settlements at a cost of $32,000,000 within the next two years. Earlier, Abraham Herz- feld, director of the Histadruth colonization department, told the Congress that 35 new agricultural settlements could be established immediately, .provided the Congress gave its approval and found the funds for the projects. Reporting that 83 settlements had been set up since the last Con-press, in 1939, including 17 since the beginning of October, 1946, Herzfeld described what he called the "epic of the Negev." He said that sources of water sufficient for irrigation as well as home use had been unearthed in the desert, and pictured for his audience a flourishing area with all the conveniences of modern society. Insisting that settlement in the Negev has become a practical possibility, he declared that every day lost in expanding the settlements already in the area is a "sin against the Jewish people. Asks Single Labor Federation A resolution stressing the need for a single, united labor federa- tion in Palestine was adopted at bert H. Lehman; Cardinal Spell- I man.: tne f1- Rev. Henry S. George I f)rcsjdent: former u. S- Supreme yourt Justice Kooerts; former j Just re JoseDh Proskauer: Char es ; P Tnft- Mni. fipn. Wil m J. Don- I ' ; ----- . ovan: Or. Alvin Johnson; Leon Henderson; Marshal Field; Jacob , Potofsky, and Walter White, dl-j rector of the National Association j for te Advancement oi colored People. As its first act. the committee wired President Truman announcing its plan to fight for the admis sion of 400,000 DP's and expressed the belief that this number could be admitted within the present quota limitations of 153,000 per year. The 4uu,uuu iigure was Daseo on Gov. Lehman's estimate of "our fair share of displaced persons. the world conference of the General Zionists. It called on all General Zionist workers in Palestine to join the General Zionist Labor Union, which is affiliated with the Histadruth, pointing out that this is the only union recognized by the Confederation of General Zionists. Dr. Abba Hillel Silver appealed for a single labor movement, asserting that the existence of more than one major labor federation in the Un'ieo Crates has had harmful effects. Urging the Palestine Revisionist labor organization to join the Histadruth, Dr. Silver de- clured he was impressed with the Histadruth's achievements and predicted that the cooperation of all workers in one federation would encourage progress in the country. A joint meeting of the American nd Palestinian delegates to the Poale Zion party called on the Jews of America to support the Histadruth's efforts to build a Jewish Commonwealth. Large Group of Refugees Reaches Nev York Port 5 Henry Morgenthau, Jr. Welcomes 841 DP's on Arrival New York (JTA) Eight hundred and forty-one survivors of concentration camps in American-occupied zones in Europe arrived here aboard the Marine Marlin. Their arrival brought the total of immigrants from the occupied zones, of various nationalities and all faiths, to about the 5,000 mark since President Truman's directive on immigration of displaced persons was Issued a year ago this week. Immigration of refugees and displaced persons from all parts of the world including the occupied zones was less than half of the 39,000 total permitted by the quota law. The passengers on the "Marine Marlin," who are the first large group to arrive since September due to lack of space for immi grants on ships leaving Bremerhaven, will be aided in moving to communities throughout the coun try by the United Service for New Americans. Arrangements for the placement in foster homes of 93 orphaned children in the group will be made by European Jewish Children's Aid through local child- care agencies. The 841 refugees and displaced persons who arrived from the American zone of Germany aboard the S.S. "Marine Marlin" were greeted on board ship by former Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, who was accompanied by William Rosenwald, honorary president of the United Service for New Americans and national chairman of the United Appeal, and Edwin Rosenberg, president of the U.S.N.A. and national vice-chairman of the U.J.A. More than 300 of them were spon- J sored by the J.D.C. which arranged their passage. I The immigrants, most of them ! concentration camp survivors, were the largest group to arrive I from the American zone since j President Truman issued his di-! rective a year ago. 1 In welcomina the newcomers. i MorRenthau emphasized that their f1 rf " i : hj .i1 f r America's readiness to help the oppressed . i ine some pointed out that it should be re- membered that the 841 immigrants f hfl are oniy a small iracuon ui uie great number of homeless and dis- placed people of many nationali ties and faiths. "Among these," the former Secretary of the Treasury said, "the Jews of Europe are the most insecure of all, and have suffered the most keenly. To relieve their misery, set them on the road to security, and enable as many as possible to emigrate and rebuild their lives in the United States, in Palestine, or other countries, the United Jewish Appeal plans to raise $170,000,000 in 1947."
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