THE WISCONSIN JEWISH CHRONICLE 7 February 4, 1955 THE TERCENTENARY STORY Copyright. 1934. by American Jewish Preu 18. Jews Settle in Mid-West Text by DaNIEL ELAZAR Mlustrotions by MAURICE del BOURGO Duii'ili S$ iliv Lord's 6 David Schwartz THETURHOFTHE j iV637 CHICASO SAW ITS FlRSTJEtV'SH SETTLEMENT, AN0 land, fcr a variety of reasons. There was the Homestead Act, which provided that any one could got 160 acres of land by settling on it. ITS FIRST SYHAGOGVE I Brotherhood Skit to Be Presented, Tuesday At the next meeting of the B & P chapter of B'nai B'rith to be held on Tuesday, Feb. 8, at the Schroeder Hotel, Mie human relations committee of the YWCA will present a skit on Brotherhood. All im-iiihc rs and friends are urged to come and also bring a friend of another faith. Kate Luber, fund-raising chairman, has announced that a pre-donor card party will be held at the home of Harriet Laiken on Sunday night, Feb. 13 at 7 p.m. Those members who have raised a minimum of $10 towards their donor are eligible to attend. For reservations call Harriet Laiken, HI. 5-0347 or Kate Luber, HI. 2-2273. JEWS hlHO SETTIEP BY lSO, AN ITIID'T TAKE LONG FOR THE IN CINCINNATI f I an) TO BEGIN BulLDlHG A SVMAtTOGUE. OF JEMS' -AMERICANS HAP SETTLED IN DETROIT , WITHIN Z YEARS i'89 THE SYNAGOGUE WAS 8UIL7 7 -Jut. SYNAGOGUE M SERVICES sTsl Ivm hi I Mill There was a lot of crooked work in connection with the Homestead Act and other public grants of land, but nevertheless great areas were settled by the homesteaders, and this was not only important to them, but to thousands and even millions of others. The rural areas indirectly built up the cities. The homesteaders, in a very real sense, were builders also of Chicago, Omaha and Minneapolis. The Henry George single tax movement pivoted about the same idea. It was no wonder that Henry George wrote a brilliant essay on Moses. George wanted to make it impossible for anyone to keep more land than he actually worked by putting a heavy tax on the land. No one then could afford to keep land idle for speculation. The result, he thought, would be to make land so cheap that everyone could get a piece. The day of the share cropper and tenant farmer would be over. There would be cheap land for building. Rents would come down and there would be more money for the purchase of industrial commodities. The Henry George Movement The Henry George movement attracted a world wide following. Count Tolstoy was one of George's adherents in Russia. In America, John Dewey gave it his approval. Prof. Einstein one told how he sat up all through one night reading Henry George s chief work, "Progress and Poverty." Einstein had a few reservations on the subject, notably on his theory of interest, but in fundamentals he agreed with George. Joseph Fels, the Jewish multi-millionaire, who made millions out of soap making, became a chief propagandist for the Henry George economics. The famous economist, Prof. Franz Oppenhimer, emphasized the land question. But instead of using the tax method, Oppenhimer wanted to break the land monopoly by having the state buy up big chunks of land and offer it cheap to whoever wanted it. He thought this would react on the other land held out of use by speculators, forcing the price to topple. Theodore Herzl displayed a very keen interest in the economic writings of Oppenhimer. If we wish to preserve the free system, we shall have to free the land. We shall have to put more meaning in the words taken from the Hebrew Bible and inscribed on the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia, the words, "Proclaim liberty to the land and to all the inhabitants thereof." Moses meant by liberty to the land, giving everyone who needed it his bit of Mother Earth, which Moses did not regard as private property. Secretary Benson has it all wrong. Instead of Wolf Ladejin sky being a security risk, he himself is the security risk, for if the evil of land monopoly is not curbed, the future of the free system of enterprise is very in secure indeed. 'IBM, ft The case of Wolf Ladejinsky is important, above all, because it involves a fundamental issue in tne world today land reform. Ladejinsky did a tremendous job in Japan by breaking up the great landed estates and giving the land to the farmers. "The earth is the Lord's," says the Bible, and the laws of Moses provided that the land was to be redistributed every fifty years the year of Jubilee. That way there could be no land monoply. With the land equally distributed, there wouid be no share croppers, and little likelihood of tenant farmers. There would be fewer land mortgages, less usury. If we look back at the places where in recent years, there have been the most violent upheavals, we will find that they were the places where the great landed estates predominated. In Czarist Russia, some individual noblemen owned private estates so huge as to equal the area of some of the states of the U. S. The same feudal conditions prevailed in China, and India today is confronted by a similar problem. In India, the attempt is being made by moral pressure to get the owners of the large estates to make a present of some of the land to the landless farmers. South America, too, is plagued with a similar condition. We hear much of the "latafundia," a term which comes down from Roman times. One of the greatest of the Romans said that the fall of the Roman Empire was due to the large landed estates. Farmer Becomes Share Cropper Where there are these large landed estates, the farmer is reduced to share cropper and a peon, and this is not only bad for him, but it is bad for commerce and industry, for the share cropper has no money to pay for industrial and commercial products, so that the wheels of industry don't turn. The land, in the final sense, is the seed from which not only vegetables and fruit grow, but everything. In the United States, the evil has not been so blatant, because there was a wider distribution of Beth El BBG Schedules Interfaith Meeting Beth El BBG will hold its second annual Interfaith meeting in the youth lounge of Temple Beth El Ner Tamid on Wednesday night, Feb. 16. Louise Mendelson, president, will welcome the guests and a movie entitled "The House I Live In," starring Frank Sinatra will be shown. The girls will be taken on a tour through the Temple by Mr. Stillerman, after which Israeli dancing will be taught in the lounge. The chairman of this program is Marilyn Lane. Card Party Planned by Golden Age Groups The resident's club of the Mil waukee Home for Aged Jews has invited the Lapham Park family club to a joint card game at the Home, 2436 N. Fiftieth St., Sunday, Feb. 6, from 7 to 9 p.m. This is the second of a series of events conducted in the Home to which outside Golden Age groups have been invited. Refreshments will be served and games, prizes and surprises will be provided. Mrs. Witt, a director of Golden Age groups affiliated with the municipal recreation department and Howard Polsky, directoi of group work at the Home, are supervising the event. Plan Membership Party The Brandeis branch of LZOA will have its annual paid-up membership affair on Sunday, Feb. 13, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Jack Rabenovitz, N. Fifty-first st., it was announced by Mrs. Eugene Melrood. membership chairman. All members are asked to be dressed to represent song titles. A buffet supper will be servea. THE FIRST contingent OF JEWS SETTLEP IN sr. louis in i 8 16... a mo ITS FIRST JEWISH HOUSE OF WORSHIP AROSE IN 1836 College Planning Topic of Lecture Series The B'nai B'rith Jewish Vocational Service parent education program lecture and small discussion group series on "Parents Responsibility in College Planning" will open on Thursday, Feb. 10 at 7:45 p.m. at the Jewish Community Center, 1400 N. Prospect ave. The program is designed for parents of high school students who plan to go to college. Pierce Kramer, supervisor of educational counseling at the Jewish Vocational Service, will be the lecturer. George Gay, supervisor of the B'nai B'rith JVS group guidance program, will lead the discussion. Enrollment in the series is by reservation. Please telephone Mr. Gay at BR. 2-1344 for further details. Pupils to Appear in Musical Recital, Sunday Pupils of Leah Ina Cooks and Nathan Aaron will be presented in a piano and violin recital Sunday, Feb. 6, at 3 p.m. in Kohl hall of Both El Ner Tamid Synagogue. The participants are Ruth Elaine Otterson, Sholom Baumrind, Victor Allen Wasemiller, Ronald Resnick, Rita Tepper, Joan Keren Illian, Miriam Sattler, Lauren Elewitz, Shirley Ann Felder, Florence Forman, Lynn Carol Sher-kow, Florence Baumrind, and Thomas William Otterson. Hillel Group to Hear Talk on Judaism, Sunday At the next meeting of the Milwaukee Hillel group on Sunday, Feb. 6 at 3 p.m. at the Jewish Center, Dr. Alfred Bader will speak on: "Basic Beliefs of Judaism." Friday, Feb. 11 at 8 o'clock the group will attend together the Friday evening worship service at Temple Beth El Ner Tamid. There will be a social get-together ar terwards at the home of Sandi Frindell, 2756 N. Downer ave. at 10 p.m. Beth El in Madison Elects New Officers MADISON At its annual meeting held on Jan. 23, Congregation Beth El elected the following officers for the year 1955: President, Harry Epstein: vice-presidents, David S. Novick and Sam Cliechik; secretary, Maurice B. Pasch; treasurer, Jess O. Dizon: financial secretary, Henry Sweet. Hold Two Fund-Raising Drives in Mexico MEXICO CITY (JTA) For the second successive year the Mexican Jewish community will hold two unified fund drives it was announced here. One drive is a campaign for local needs and for world organizations, which last year raised the equivalent of $85,000. The other campaign is the United Israel Campaign, which is sponsored by the Israel Foundation Fund. Both the Jewish Central Committee and the Zionist Federation of Mexico have called on all Jews to support both drives. IN 1 65 ADVANCE SHARP Gov. Williams to Present Interfaith Awards Here Governor of Michigan, G. Men-nen Williams, will present the seventh annual B'nai B'rith Interfaith Awards, it was announced here by Sidney Sonin and Mrs. Harold OUenstein, Anti-Defamation League chairmen of the Milwaukee Councils of B'nai B'rith men and women. Presentations of the B'nai B'rith interfaith awards will be made to the outstanding Milwaukee Catholic, Protestant and Jew for their contributions to the promotion of better human relations in the Milwaukee county area. The meeting will be held in the Karger auditorium of the new Milwaukee Jewish Community Center on Wednesday, Feb. 16 at 8 p.m., and a capacity crowd of 500 is expected to attend. The selection committee will consist of Mr. Bruce Wallace, Reverend Edgar G. Belt-cher, Mr. Harry Kovenock, Mr. Lawrence Katz, Miss Virginia Huebner and Mr. Charles O'Neill. Each of the individuals serving on the selection committee is a past Interfaith Award winner. Poae Zon to Celebrate Fiftieth Jubilee The fiftieth anniversary of the Labor Zionist Organization Poale Zion, will be celebrated on Saturday, Feb. 19 at the Both Am Center. There has been a branch of the organization in existence in Milwaukee continuously since 1905. The planning committee of the celebration includes Morris Wein-grod, Dr. A. Kniaz, Julia Rabino-vitz, Bertha Ziperstein, Morris Shutkin, Goldie Sosoff, and Louis Sand. An elaborate program highlighting the historic occasion will be announced later. The two branches of the Poale Zion currently in existence, namely the Syrkin branch I, under the chairmanship of Morris Weingrod, and the Brandeis branch, under the chairmanship of Dr. Avrum Kniaz, are engaged in a membership campaign to enroll new members to be installed at the anniversary celebration. B'nai B'rith Council to Discuss Campaign Delegates from the seven Milwaukee lodges, comprising the Milwaukee B'nai B'rith Council of lodges will hold a regular meeting at the Council clubrooms, 1363 N. Prospect ave., Tuesday, Feb. 8, at 8:30 p.m. Final plans for a city-wide campaign will be discussed by Henry Goodman, Council membership and retention chairman. President of the Council, William Kay, has announced that monthly meetings of the steering committee will be resumed starting next month. The steering committee will meet on the first Tuesday of each month at a noon luncheon at the new Jewish Center. Presiding at these meetings will be Joseph Smith. Abrahami to Speak at M'lava Malka Tonight On Saturday, Feb. 5, 8:30 p.m. members and friends of the Labor Zionist movement will hear an address by S. Robert Abrahami who is in this country to describe the work being accomplished in the redevelopment of the Negev through modern water irrigation. These projects, which are being conducted by private investment jointly with Histadrut subsidiaries, will eventually cause the Negev to bloom once more. The Milava Malka, open to the public, is sponsored by the Federative Committee, comprising the Poale Zion, Labor Zionist Organization of America: Farband: Pioneer Women; and Habonim Youth. The program will include community singing. Refreshments will be served. a Temple Emanu-El Dne Jeskurnn 2411) E. Kenwood Blvd. Jow'iih L. baron Kabbl Emi'rltUH Riit)ln Herbert A. Friedman Cantor Sol AltwImlliT Sabbath Services Rev. Byon Kinlaw, of the First Baptist Church, will be the guest speaker on Friday evening, Feb. 11, at 8 o'clock when he will speak on "By Faith Abraham Went." Sabbath morning services will be conducted on Saturday morning, Feb. 12, at 11:15 o'clock. Cong. Beth Israel y-WJ X. Teutonia Ave. lubl'i llirold l:iiinmiiil Mown Sd'iniwn Caulur hikI MiiMical Director Daily and Sabbath Services Morning services at 7 a.m. Saturday morning at Sunday mornings at Weekday Mincha at Maariv at 5:15 p.m. Mincha at 4:15 p.m., 8:30 a.m. 7:30 a.m. 4:45 p.m. Saturday Maariv at 5:15 p.m. The Ein Yakov study group headed by Rabbi Baumrind, meets daily after the morning services. Odel Banks conducts his class in Mishna and Medrash before Mincha services. Rabbi Baumrind is in his office daily, Monday through Thursday from 10:30 to 11:30 a.m. and from 4:30 to 5:30 p.m. Beth El IV er Tamid Synagogue 3?'5 N. Sliernian Blvd. Louis J. Swiehkow, Rabbi Sol WecliHler. Cantor Friday Evening Services Sabbath eve services are conducted every Friday evening at 8 o'clock with Cantor Wechsler chanting the liturgy and Rabbi Swichkow officiating. On Friday evening, Feb. 11, Rabbi Swichkow will preach the sermon. Saturday Morning Services Services Saturday, Feb. 12 at 9 a.m.; study group 4 p.m., followed by Mincha. Bas Mitzvah of Margo Toby Sable, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Avin Sable, Saturday morning, Feb. 5. Cong. Shalom 4820 N. Wildwood Ave. Rahti Harry B. Pastor Services and Sermons Friday evening, Feb. 11, 8:10 p.m., at the Chapel. The title of Rabbi Pastor's sermon will be "1984," based on the book of the same name by George Orwell. United Synagogue Bnai Sholom S'.'OS N. Forty-seventh Street Paul S. Ureenman, Rabbi Daily services 7 a.m. and 6 p.m. Friday evening Mincha 4:25 p.m. Saturday morning at 9 a.m. Saturday between Mincha and Maariv, Bible study on portion of the week. Monday evening, 8 p.m. adult lectures. Cong. Anslie Sfard 1 1'4 W. Ciurfii-ld Ave. R.tlli David S. Shapiro Morning Services Morning services at 6:30 a.m.; Sunday. 8:00 a.m. Mincha at 4:45 p.m. followed by class in Tanach and En-Jecob. Maariv at d:ju p.m. Sabbath Services Friday 4:45 p.m. Saturday at 9 a.m.; class in Talmud at 3:30 p.m. Mincha: 4:45 p.m., followed by Shalosh Seudoth. Maariv: 5:30 p.m. . Cong. Anslie Lcbowich .'11(1(1 X. Fifty-wcoiid St. Rabbi S. SehulMm Daily Services Monday through Friday at 7 a.m. Saturday at 9 a.m. Mincha at 15 minutes before sunset, followed by Mishna; Maariv 15 minutes after sunset, followed by Shalosh Shudas. Sunday services at 7:30 a.m. Cong. Uii a i Jacob X. Thirteenth and W. Brown Streets Rabbi David Bi cker Oaily Services Daily morning services at 6:15 a.m. Sunday at 7 a.m. Saturday at 9 a.m. Evening services at 4:15 and 4:45 p.m. Saturday at 4:15 and 5:15 p.m. Talmud at 11 a.m. Saturday. Rabbi Becker will comment on the weekly portion Saturday at 3:45 p.m. The silence that accepts merit as the most natural thing in the world is the highest applause. Emerson. Board of Gilead Lodge to Meet, Monday The regular meeting of the executive board of Gilead lodge, B'nai B'rith will be held at the Stratford Hotel, 1404 W. Wisconsin ave., Monday, Feb. 7, at 8:30 p.m., it has been announced by Sol T. Goodsitt chairman of the board. Many important items will be discussed including plans for a proposed 94th anniversary dinner dance to be held in May. Tax Problems to Be Discussed by Men's Club The City of Hope men's club will start the 1955 season with a meeting on Tuesday, Feb. 8 at 8:30 p.m. at the Pfister hotel. A capacity crowd is expected to welcome the newly installed president, Arthur Coggan. Highlight of the evening will be a timely discussion by tax consultant Louis Meldman, who brings with him a wealth of background and experience in all phases of tax work. Formerly of the department of internal revenue of the U. S. Government, he will speak on the subject: "Income Tax Everybody's Business." A social and refreshments will follow the regular meeting. CLASSIFIED FOR KKNTi Attractive deeping room far gentleman In flni home of three adults. 1'rlvale wanhruom. HI. S-4B05. FOR KKNTi I .art five room upper; Laa nun alone. 1. ahnped living room, bay kllrhen: rarpettnK. drapes; garagei will derornte. Adulla. o7th near keefe. VP. 1-8171. FOR KrAT: Hve room upper flat. SHOO V AInI. iaa heat, hot water, garage. (H. Available March 1. Will redecorate 41. 3-tltt.W. 'KA(TU'I. Nure available. Nperlaliiea In pout natal rhlld rare. Will to anywhere, mil take future appointments. 1 1 . a-otii i. FOR HUNT! Mrely furnUhed room far lady. Home prlvilntea. Free phone. Good transportation. 3.KMI N. ft tin blvd. IF. 3-aiul. WANTKH: Two bedroom flat, modera. with alltoniallr heat and hot water. Kent up to IOu. Four adult. West aide. HI. 4-JVIUA. 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