THURSDAY, FEBRUARY «, 19M BLYTHEVTLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE EI-BVUN ' Manufacture of Hydrogen Bomb Poses New Problems for Atomic Era in U.S. By HowuA W. BUkc«lc« Pn*s Science Editor NEW YORK, Feb. 2— Wj— The Risking of hydrogen, one of the nation's fair-size Industries, can be Uken over by Ihe federal government under the Atomic Energy Act. . A£ The possibility conies from President Truman's decision to make hydrogen bombs, far more powerful than present A-bombs. Furthermore, the Atomic Energy commission's report today reveals experiments on three kinds of hydrogen, enough to suggest to scien- 'Escape from Life 1 Literature 'Escape' from Common Sense tists how to make hydrogen bomb The suggestion Is using the heavier forms of that gas. The Atomic Energy Acb gives to the commission control over al" "fissionable material." Bombs made of any of the three terms of hydrogen, as described to date «re not fissionable, for the atoms no not split but fuse. But section 5 of the act In defining "fissionable material," after HAL BOYLE'S COLUMN NEW any YORK— //Pi— Been reading books lately? Time was when I used to read &0 to 100 books a year, I would start at. the beginning and read them right through. Poetry, novels, histories, biographies, "collections of short stories—it didn't make any difference. There was something to enjoy in all of them, because they offered an escape from tiie ^monotony of the moment. Or they explained some—like how to build a wren's ne.it. Today I have virtually given up reading books, although I stfll buy them out of habit and scan them enumerating plukmiurr^and urantm' out of curiosity. But I think it is joes on to say that "fissionable getting harder and harder to find material" also Is "any other -mitt- eiial which the commission determines to be capable of releasing substantial quantities o[ energy through nuclear chain reaction of the material—". This by definition Includes all the currently mentioned processes of using hydrogen for bombs. The lax was written that way because of what scientists testified nearly five years ago^ Several of them warned the U S Senate committee which drew up the Atomic Energy Act that within a few years, we could expect other methods of getting atomic energy to be discover- A d " •^ Almost Anyone Can Make It The law was then written to give "government ownership of all fissionable material — now or hereafter produced." These materials are to be the property of the Atomic Energy commission book you can read for pure enjoyment. Authors appear to write books now for only three reasons. They try to provide the reader a sugar- coiled "escape from life." to help him to help himself to face life, or to prove something the author is sure is the ultimate truth—on subjects ranging from old bugle calls to the chemical composition ol the iron curtain. The "escape from to the .self-help books and what do you find? One author tells you you simply have got to relax, and the next one says, "Oh. don't worry, all nice people are neurotic." . •This leaves the authors who are trying to provf something.- One writes, "you can, too, eat caviar with the Russians." and another bounces back with • contrary, tone ca.lted, "Driuk Vodka and Die!" II you read both Socks, you then will have to so back and read a self- help bonk entitled, "You Don't Have a be Confused.' And the net result Is yonr mind uns the risk of ending up more de- ormed than Informed. T'lere Is a simple compass to Hide you out of this literary mo•ass of fretidy-eats and conflicting opinions—read more old books thai have stood the test of time and e. My personal choices, the ones that stand me In best siead arc three: the Bible. Shakespeare's works (or any collection of grca poctryl and the World Almanac. Lately I have found the Worli life" Whether the povtion of the act which thus covers hydrogen will be activated .depends on secrets In development of bombs which have not been made public. If real hydrogen bombs are made, then almost any can make this "fissionable material." It does not require much money. It is not difficult. , Some large industries make hydrogen. But many small ones produce their own hydrogen. And laboratories often make their own. There are three standard ways. Two use water as the starting material. One of these passes steam over hot Iron, and the hydrogen comes off separated from the water. Th« .second gets hydrogen from electrolysis o/ water. A high school boy could build the apparUis to da this. The third method separates hydrogen from hydrocarbon gases hr use of catalysts. fkrhe United States Is now making close to three billion cubic feet of hydrogen 'monthly. That would be, each month, R ^ubc as high •wide »nd broad as the height of the Empire State building. That would be an enormous number of bombs, if ordinary hydrogen makes them. Current reports indicate that the bombs may not be made of ordinary hydrogen, and all the reports say that.lt will take &n atom bomb to set oil the hydrogen bomb. QMrtfoni What Form of Hydrogen? The possibility of using ordinary hydrogen cannot be ruled out. All that can be said is that before secrecy clamped down scientists did not know any way to produce a chain reaction In ordinary hydrogen. The first mention of hydrogen bombe was in the Smyth report, the scientific description of the principles of A-bombs, which was book? have become foumilized escapes irom common sense. They nre usually 80Q-to-12QO-page historica novels the reading of which Is a proof of muscular strength rather than literary appreciation. The her oinc has t» be a bosomy semi-hussy and 'if any author ever writes on' around . an historical lady wiil three bosoms he Is going to win th sweepstakes. Other types of fiction, including the detective story, are so tram strung with psychopathic characters you feel like yo.i are ttik'ing a course in psychiatry, and it is difficult to tell villains trom heroes. One nice thing about Simon Legree— you ditinl f»el sorry for him becausb his mother probably made him take harpsichord lessons as a lad. Almanac more and more consoling There is something about reading a good sound Indisputable fact tha keeps a man's feet on. the grounc and the 1950 almanac Is full facts. Turn from the frictions; of fiction Issued same week as the first Japanese bombs and which is the bible of atomic energy. "The use of deuterium in bombs," Smyth, wrote, "seems at present, to be an extremely remote possibility." Deuterium is hydrogen o£ double weight, it is used to make heavy water. Deuterium has been mentioned more than any other form of hydrogen in unofficial discussions of bo nib* possibilities'. Hydrogen, deuterium and tritium, the latter sliil another form of hydrogen, is weight triple ordinary hydrogen, were named in the U.S. Atomic Energy commission semiannual report yesterday as under laboratory investigation for atomic energy. H deuterium is used instead at ordinary hydrogen, the American Industry is not apt to be affected Deuterium Is made usually by collecting the water left over in ccns n which hydrogen is made by the electrolytic- process. SouthcrnCampaignSlatcd For Farm Labor Union WASHINGTON, Feb. 2. (AP) — The APT. National Farm Laoo Union said yesterday a souther organizing conference will be he! in Memphis. Tcnn., Feb. 2S to IF plans mr. bringing, thousands i cotton field workers into the in on'.s ranks. H. Ij. Mitchell, union pre.siden said the move is in line with plan of the recent union'convention t :anize $100,000 farm worke. throughout the country. This drii part of the A PL drive for 1,000 000 new members this year. Mitchell said the drive already In full swing on the West Coa, and Is being supported by sever wealthy APL international unions 4$ S T R O B I, fi W K £ I' S AKTKR UII.TY VKR1HCT—Fred Stroble I, wipes a tear as he sits in ourtroom at Los Angeles, Calif., a ew minutes after a jury found him uiUy of Ihe brutal «ex slaying jiniin. Jcyce G hi colt, 6. He will n trial, probably Jan. 20. on hi 'lea of not guilty by reason of inanity. (AP Wire photo) The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization' says Australia, New Zealand. Argentina, Denmark, Ireland and the U.S. are the six best fed nations, in that order. Economic Aid Boosts Morale Of Nationalists TAIPEI, Formosa. Feb. 2 (AP> — LJ.S, Congressional aeLlon assuring Formosa of $28,000,000 economic aid boosted Chinese Nationalist morale today. Nationalist,!; hoped this would be Ihe forerunner of additional help to this financially pressed island. High quarters repeated past es- limate.s that it would take about $100,000,000 to stabilize Formosa's economy. The Nationalist, government continued to prune its expenses. Sonic \ 70 diplomatic and consular posts abroad were ordered to reduce their-staffs to the bare minimum to carry on business. Some officials lopped off the payroll have been abroad for 15 years. As as means of raising revenue .surtaxes were imposed in Formosa. Those ranged from an increase of 30 per cent in the business tax to 100 percent in the cost of electricity. Meantime, fears grew that mainland Chinese ComrnunisLs were holding in reserve an air force, for the attack on Formosa preparatory to an invasion. 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