The Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle from Milwaukee, Wisconsin on July 11, 1969 · Page 6
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The Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle from Milwaukee, Wisconsin · Page 6

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Friday, July 11, 1969
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6 THE WISCONSIN JEWISH CHRONICLE July 11, 1969 sWlsconsin Jewish (Bronide NATHAN J. GOULD. Editor 19 JO-1M1 Office and Printing- Plant: 310 N. Milwaukee St, Milwaukee, Wis. 83202 271-2992 Mtrnbur of tho Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Sercn ArU Feature SyndloM IRVING G. RHODES Publisher EDWARDE P. PERLSON Managing Editor BEN H. RHODES Advertising Manager The Wlaoocain Jewish Chronicle lnrltee cormpondenoe on subject of Interest to the Jewish people but dleoiaime responsibility for ny endorsement of the riews ezpraaeed by the writers. Communications will not be firen consideration unless airned by nam ad siVlrsss of writer. If requested by known writer, name will be omitted in published letters. Ail anonymous correspondence will be destroyed. VoL 103 JULY 11, 1969 TAMMUZ 25 No. 23 Conference on Human Needs Jewish leaders from 23 countries around the world, meeting in Jerusalem last month, saw a picture of two Israels: one, the Israel which is courageous and embattled, the other, an Israel of dire need, desperately moving on the long, uphill road. The Six Day War, two years ago, with its after-effects compounded by a different kind of continuing war, has left marked imprints on the valiant Israel. The Milwaukee contingent, invited by Prime Minister Golda Meir, as were the nearly 200 others, brought back a comprehensive, documented impression of what is being done in Israel in the fields of health, social welfare, education, agricultural settlement, housing and other related subjects and what needs to be done. (Milwaukeeans who attended included Messrs. and Mmes. Albert B. Adelman, Harry Bloch, Jr., Melvin S. Zaret, and Messrs. Gerald S. Colburn and Elmer L. Winter.) What needs to be done can be described in a very few impressive words: Israel will need at least $350 million annually from world Jewry during the next five years to cover its basic welfare and immigrant absorption needs. In this need, world Jewish leaders pledged their aid. Julius Rosenwald, honorary chairman of the UJA, said that delegates to the convention had decided to take the example of the commanders in the Israel Defense Army and to say, "Follow me!" The heads of the campaigns, he promised, would set an example. Max Fisher, chairman of the UJA, declared that "We have come to this conference to say simply: "We are with you. We say this for ourselves: we are with you as we were in June, 1967, as we were in 1948, as we were in so many hours of concern and danger'." In an emotionally packed address to the conference, Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan told the conference "You may be able to get along without us, but we can't carry on without you!" To "carry on," the delegates adopted the $350 million target, which according to the Jewish Agency will be budgeted as follows: $96 million for housing, particularly for immigrants; $49 million for higher education and $26 million for elementary and secondary school education; $32 million for agricultural settlement; $28 million for health services; $26 million for social welfare; $20 million for immigration and initial absorption; $37 million for Youth Aliyah. Because of defense priorities, the Israel Government has had to reduce its proportions of financial aid in these areas. It was a "conference of tachlis" (substance), as one analyst noted. It was well, too, that overseas delegates, sitting in hard-facts workshops, were privileged to personally understand the searing needs and their purpose and function upon return to their home communities where they could vivify the importance of Israel's prime and immediate needs. No doubt, Jewish communities the world over will be required to upgrade their fund raising efforts to meet the $350 million target. In a period when Israel is struggling to retain the victory it won on the battlefield, the least incumbent on the Jews in the Diaspora is that they join in securing human needs for Israelis. Addendum: Jewish Vigilantes In response to our editorial "Which View?" last week, the reaction was mixed. A few approved the militant posture of the N. Y. Jewish Defense League; some others warned against irresponsible vigilantes. One caller told us "Jews must not buckle under to extortionists." Another pointed out that "Jews thus far have been the only ones to threaten force with chains and bats!" Since we have reported the stand of the Jewish Defense League, it is no more than fair that we should now also note that the National Community Relations Advisory Council (NCRAC), the coordinating body of Jewish human relations agencies, last week in national convention in Pittsburgh condemned Jewish groups that "threaten violent and coercive tactics" in defense of "Jewish security and Jewish interests." The Council's policy statement declared that "resort to paramilitary or any organized use of force" was "destructive of public order and injurious to civil liberties." Peace between races will not be served by chains, bats or guns. The day of the vigilante, it seems to us, is of a past era when law and order depended upon the right and respectable. For today, the obligation of law and order is incumbent on all citizens, black and white. Fortunately, it is a small fraction of the community which is fractious and troublesome. Are we ready to give up our faith and reliance in our duly-constituted police authorities? Are we to meet terror with terror? Respect for law is not contingent upon another's willingness or readiness to abide by law. Jewish "defenders," no matter the justness of their cause, can only serve riot and crime by acting as vigilantes. We agree that the JDL should be repudiated. Middle East Cauldron Heating Up In a Chicago Sun-Times cartoon by Bill Mauldin, one Israeli soldier in a trench says to another Israeli soldier 'The Six Day War is 700 days old." So it is: the total days mount as Arab terrorism and sabotage evoke Israeli escalation. Full scale war, thank the powers that be, it is not, but neither is it peace. As the N. Y. Times pointed out editorially, "In the absence of real peace or all-out war, a third possibility is emerging that could be as disastrous as war and certainly is far more dangerous than the compromise settlement both sides seem to fear above all else. That possibility is piecemeal mutual destruction." The Middle East panorama of conflict has taken on some new hues: more guerrilla activity and military buildup on the part of the Arabs and, as Gen. Moshe Dayan threatened, Israel is stepping up its retaliation, which includes not only bringing more "war" to the Arabs, but is also sabotaging Egyptian and Jordanian installations. If it is not war, it is battle. Activity in the pats four weeks illustrates how border warfare has escalated: Palestinian saboteurs ruptured an Arab oil line carrying oil for western markets, destroying Arab revenue and an important water source for Israel. An American schoolteacher was killed and her companion wounded near an Israeli resort. In late June, Egyptian commandos crossed the Suez Canal in five forays in three nights, invoking serious ground fighting. In a daring raid, Arabs blew up a 12-inch pipeline at the Haifa port. Israel commandos sabotaged a major irrigation canal (Ghor) in Jordan, which reduced the flow of water from the Yarmuk River and affecting farmlands. An Egyptian radar station was blown up and electric power lines linking the Aswan Dam and Cairo destroyed. Between You and Me By Boris Summer Programs Summer camps first established for Jewish children some 50 years ago by the Arbeter Ring (Workmen's Circle), the Jewish fraternal organization with an impressive educational program are one of the most important factors in Jewish education in this country. Today summer camps are maintained by Orthodox groups, Conservative and Reform movements, Jewish Centers, local Jewish communities and individual Jewish educators. Of an estimated 1,300,000 Jewish children of school age in the United States, about a third attend Jewish schools of all types Sunday, afternoon and all-day schools. Many more are sent by their parents to Jewish summer camps. The Suspected guerrilla camps have been raked unmercifully by Israeli jet pilots. This is but a partial ledger of the orgy of destruction that has been wreaked. While it may be of some satisfaction that Israel repays in greater degree, what profith it Israel and the Arabs that devastation and death is suffered by each in turn? The Middle East cauldron is heating up. Each day and night the fires are stoked hotter. Last week, Mrs. Golda Meir promised "seven-fold" reply as Arab attacks increased. Secretary-General of the United Nations U Thant, viewing the Suez Canal zone as an area of "open warfare," said the UN might have to withdraw its 96 observers. "They cannot be expected to serve as what amounts to defenseless targets in a shooting gallery," he declared. The "piecemeal destruction" can bode no good for either side. It devastates the land and can only lead inevitably to another war. Peace can no longer be delayed. O Jerusalem! The Security Council debate on Jerusalem unfortunately is not likely to throw much light on the Arab-Israeli situation, but it may do some good if it puts pressure on the Big Four to speed their desultory search for a new peace formula, paying particular attention to the status of the disputed holy city. Although Jerusalem is nowhere specifically mentioned in the November 1967 Resolution of the Security Council and has not received much attention in public reports of the Big Four discussions, broad agreement on the city's future is essential if any Middle East settlement is to succeed. The United Nations has a special interest in Jerusalem because of its profound significance to followers of three world religions. The future of Jerusalem is not just an Arab-Israeli matter. It is a question of acute international concern. This concern has been expressed in two resolutions adopted overwhelmingly by the General Assembly in July 1967 and by a Security Council vote of 13-0 on May 21, 1968, which called on Israel to rescind all measures to absorb East Jerusalem and its Arab population. Israel has defied these resolutions and has proceeded to implement annexation by requisitioning Arab lands, bulldozing Arab homes and evicting scores of Arab families, including some whose roots in the Old City go back hundreds of years. No one can deny the power and legitimacy of Israeli affection for Jerusalem. Much that Israel has done there since seizing the city in the 1 967 war has been constructive. But in ignoring the rights of long-time Arab residents of the city and in refusing to recognize that others have an attachment for Jerusalem that is equal to their own, the Israelis are sowing the seeds of perpetual conflict. There is little hope for Big Four efforts to promote peace in the Middle East, or any other effort, unless Israel modifies its current policy of annexation. Although the United States has declared it does not recognize "any unilateral actions affecting the status of Jerusalem," American delegates have abstained from past United Nations resolutions on this subject. If the United States is to play an effective role in promoting a Middle East settlement, this country must make clear its commitment to a settlement of the Jerusalem question that recognizes the rights of Arabs and the interest of the world community in this age-old city of contention. N. Y. Times The Sanctimony About the 'O Jerusalem!' A New York Times editorial, with the sanctimonious heading of "O Jerusalem!" introduces a note of confusion. It asks for speedy solution of the Middle East problem, but it creates a doubt whether the editorial writer undertook to make a full study of the situation. There is suspicion that all the facts are missing from that writer's effusion of sanctimony, else, how could he possibly speak in terms of Arabs being denied their rights in East Jerusalem when so many new avenues have been opened for them! The distressing fact about that editorial is that it fails to recall the 20 years of Jordanian rule when, in defiance of the United Nations, Jews were not permitted to get near the holy places in that portion of Jerusalem, they were barred from the Western Wall (is it any wonder that the Wall's liberation was cause for worldwide Jewish rejoicing?), and many synagogues were destroyed under Arab rule. There is a limit to one-sidedness in sympathies uttered with crocodile tears when newspapers, without searching for the root of the problem, talk about fairness to Arabs while ignoring as they have done through the years justice to the Jew. "O Jerusalem!" sounds like such a heart-rending cry while speaking of the Arab rule, when those who utter it should accompany it with an expression of guilt over the silence of the centuries and the recent decades in relation to the Jews. Israel knows the silence and will not abandon its historic sites, and an undivided Jerusalem is among them. Once again Jerusalem is a medium for diatribes against Israel. Again, at the UN, inspired by Arab and Communist hate-mongers, the Holy City has become a basis for debate and venom. As in the past, the basic facts are ignored, Israel's contribution towards the elevation of the Arabs above the sub-standards into which they were forced by their compatriots are belittled, an effort is being made to restore Jerusalem to a status that would bar Jews from their ancient City of Peace. Bigoted Christians and Moslems gloated when Jews could not get near the Western Wall the only remaining wall of the Ancient Temple. And the UN is being used as a platform for the haters. How shameful these acts are at the UN! Philip Slomovitz in The Jewish News (Detroit) The JTewisIi Holidays Fast of Tish Abav Slicoth Night Rosh Hashanah Yom Kippur Jewish Date 5729 Av 9 Elul 23 Tishri 1 Tishri 10 The holidays listed above always begin at sundown of the day before the date given above. NOTE: Reform congregations observe only the first day of Rosh Hashanah, Snccoth. Shimmi Atzereth. Passover (and the seventh day), and Shevnoth. Smolar largest proportion go to general, not to Jewish camps. But the number of children sent to Jewish camps is growing from year to year. Many people consider the Jewish summer camp to be more important for Jewish education than the Jewish Sunday school. In the Sunday school a child's Jewish education is limited to about two hours a week. In camp the child finds himself in a Jewish educational atmosphere and under the influence of Jewish teachers and counselors 24 hours a day throughout all the weeks that he spends in the camp. In the Yiddishist summer camps like those of the Arbeter Ring and the Sholem Aleichem school systems the children live in a Calendar Civil Date 1969 July 24 September 6 Saturday, Sept 13 Monday, Sept 22 Yiddish cultural world. In the Orthodox camps they continue their school education in a strict religious atmosphere. In the Conservative and Reform camps they are given Jewish education in the spirit of the modern synagogue. There are numerous camps where instruction is conducted in Hebrew and there are some camps where only Hebrew is spoken. The latter are maintained by Zionist groups and institutions interested in strengthening knowledge of the Hebrew language among children. The results of a summer spent at a Jewish camp are demonstrated when the youngsters return home strengthened in their Jewish feelings, conscious of their Jewish identity, more aware of Jewish history, and more eager to attend their Jewish school in the city. They never forget the camp days. The atmosphere in the camp remains in their memories for many years to come. For many children, the camp experiences constitute the basis of their Jewish identity in their adolescent years and in the years when they grow up to have their own children. They remember the Jewish camp as well as they remember then-Bar Mitzvah party, perhaps even better. Israeli Programs Because of the long-lasting influence of a Jewish summer camp education, the Jewish Agency for Israel is trying to enlist as many Jewish youngsters as possible in its programs in Israel where they spend from seven to 10 weeks in kibbutzim. This summer more than 3,300 American Jewish youths are going to Israel to participate in about 50 programs. A majority of them are between 13 and 17 years of age. About 900 are college students 18 to 25. A substantial number are girls. They come in large groups from cities like Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston, Cleveland, Detroit, Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Houston and other places with a large Jewish population. The greatest number, as usual, comes from New York City. Most of these youngsters will participate in the "Summer in a Kibbutz" work and study program which lasts about 10 weeks. About 420 have registered to remain in Israel for six months to one year. Many will join the "Sherut La'am" which is a voluntary service resembling the Peace Corps. About 40 American high school graduates will join the year-long Youth Leadership Institute. All are expected to return to the United States dedicated to Jewish life and imbued with the spirit of Israel. It is hoped that they will be an antidote to assim-ilationism now .widely spreading among Jewish adolescents in this country and will grow up to become a part of Jewish communal leadership. They are the future strength of Jewish life in America. JDC Program The summer months are also utilized by the Joint Distribution Committee to attract Jewish youth to its activities. A group of American Jewish college students left for several foreign countries this week to participate in JDC work. They will join JDC institutions in Israel, Italy, France, Morocco and Iran for 10 weeks' work that will acquaint them with local Jewish needs. Some of the students will work as counsellors in summer camps; others will be assigned to children's centers, clinics, homes for the aged, and other institutions maintained by JDC. "These intimate person - to - person contacts JleM&lb to the EDITOR Editor: In your issue of July 4, 1969, you reprinted editorials from the New York Times and from the "B'nai B'rith Messenger" commenting on the formation in New York City of a vigilante group which calls itself the "Jewish Defense League." This self-appointed group of vigilantes armed with lead pipes, chains and baseball bats appeared last month before Temple Emanu-El of New York City to "protect" the congregants from the presence of James Forman who, it was believed, would present demands that evening for "reparations." The congregation had not requested the presence of this gang of vigilantes but was prepared to hear Mr. Forman out peacefully as he has been heard in a number of churches in the New York area. Mr. Forman did not show. The "B'nai B'rith Messenger" seemed to find merit in the actions of this group of extremists. Lest there be misunderstanding on the part of your readers, the "B'nai B'rith Messenger" has absolutely no connection with the Jewish fraternal Order of the B'nai B'rith. It is a commercially run newspaper in Los Angeles. The present climate of protest and counter protest-has produced extremist responses from among the irrational and fear stricken elements of our population. Such elements are prepared to resort to violence and lawlessness. They include the Minutemen with their secret caches of arms, enrobed Klansmen with whips and nooses. And now we have the so-called "Jewish Defense League" armed with chains, lead pipes and baseball bats to "protect" synagogues against "demands" from black militants for "reparations." With protectors like these, who needs enemies? On June 24, 1969, the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith speaking through its National Chairman, Samuel Dalsimer, condemned the so-called "Jewish Defense League." Said Mr. Dalsimer, "we find the group's paramilitary operations and sensationalist appeals to our emotions an embarrassment and a political A Washington By Press Bilateral Talks WASHINGTON The Nixon Administration now has little hope that bilateral talks with Russia will produce a settlement of the Arab-Israel situation that Washington or Jerusalem could accept. The Big Four talks have been recessed. But the bilateral American-Soviet discussions are being pressed to prevent miscalculation and avert a military showdown by the superpowers in the Middle East. An emerging Israeli assessment is that American diplomats no longer have any illusion that the Soviet Union or Egypt actually want an honest and fair peace settlement. The diplomats go on talking because there are other considerations linked with broader global problems. A dialogue still seems mutually useful in this changing and volatile world. Eban's Anxiety Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban voiced grave fears over the Big Four and bilateral talks. Some Israelis no longer share Mr. Eban's anxiety with reference to the bilateral aspect. They feel that Washington is learning at first hand that you cannot get the Arabs to budge and that Moscow is as uncompromising and rigid on the Middle East as on Czechoslovakia. Israel's loud denunciation of the Big Four talks may have inadvertently helped Washington achieve a freer hand and a more objective image. Washington could hardly be the stooge of the Jews when Israel insists that only Israelis and Arabs should decide the fate of their countries; that direct, face-to-face talks are the only possible solution. An enormous gap remains between Washington and Moscow on the Middle East despite the cautious optimism of Secretary of State William P. Rogers. The bilateral talks may be shifted to Moscow. But it means nothing. The Kremlin has not really tried to make Egyptian President Nasser more moderate. This will be apparent in Moscow. The main Russian effort with Nasser is to seek greater flexibility from him on tactical and propaganda maneuvers. This was the aim of Soviet Foreign Minister Gromy-ko's recent visit to Cairo. Russian conditions are unacceptable to the United States because they are so obviously impossible for Israel to accept. Total withdrawal from all occupied territories is demanded. Minor border adjustments might subsequently be made "if the Arabs will do more to deepen understanding between the American and overseas Jewish youth than any reports or textbooks," Samuel L. Haber, JDC executive vice-chairman, says. They will definitely contribute to the strengthening of Jewish consciousness and to the feeling of responsibility among younger Amercan Jews for the needs of Jews overseas. Each of the students who left on the JDC's summer work-study program paid for his own transportation. They will receive modest pay from the JDC for local maintenance while on assignment. They came from 18 colleges in 14 communities. danger." On the same day Mr. Arnold Forster, General Counsel of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, pointed out that the "Jewish Defense League is a self-appointed group of vigilantes whose protection the Jewish community does not need or want." Mr. Fcrster further said "the group is imitating the mindless tactics of racial hoodlums thereby increasing the danger of explosive riots." On June 30, 1969, the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council meeting in plenary session in Pittsburgh also expressed its unequivocal condemnation of the tactics of violence and vigilantism implicit in the actions of the so-called Jewish De 1 i ax Week MILTON FRIEDMAN to Avert Showdown agree." An insidious time bomb is to be found in the formula on Arab refugees. A free choice would allow all Arabs to "return" to Israel whenever the spirit moved them. This "right" could be invoked years later despite unrelenting guerrilla warfare. If any Arab were denied entry, the Arabs would have a ready excuse to justify a new shipping blockade in the Straits of Tiran or Suez Canal. In exchange for total, unconditional Israeli withdrawal, the Arabs are willing to offer only a temporary cessation of hostilities. They refuse to sign a peace treaty or to normalize relations. The Arabs would merely put the game back where it was immediately before the six day war. All that has yet emerged from the bilateral talks is a "give and take" proposal. The Israelis would give; the Arabs would take. More "Absurd" Ideas Moscow's ideas for the Suez Canal are even more absurd. The canal would be restored to Egypt with the understanding that it would be operated under terms of the Constantinople convention. Yet article 10 of that Convention provides Egypt with the authority to close the canal to any nation whose ships might endanger "public order" among Egyptians or constitute a potential security threat. This article would be applied the moment Israeli forces surrendered military control points. Not one Israeli ship would get through. On the eve of transfer of bilateral talks to Moscow, the Arab-Israeli crisis remains at an impasse. The Russians want to keep the crisis at moderate heat to further exploit the situation. A limited war of attrition against Israel is useful to the Kremlin. This keeps Nasser totally dependent while facilitating Soviet penetration of Moslem lands. The talks meanwhile provide insulation against an American-Soviet showdown touched off by a big Israeli-Arab eruption. Israel Can't Accept Terms No reasonable nation could expect Israel to accept the present terms. Compliance would mean nothing less than total and unconditional withdrawal from all territories occupied in 1967, including the old city of Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. Also, the Arabs would get a bonus through unrestricted right of access to pre-1967 Israel as "refugees." All that Israel might expect in return would be a series of vague assurances. Egypt and the UN would consider Israel's shipping rights. The Arabs might voluntarily display some tender mercies toward Israel on the question of borders. Since nothing is expected from the bilateral talks, grim facts must be faced. Tensions will increase. More Russian arms and advisers will arrive in Egypt. The war of attribution will be escalated. Guns will roar at Suez. The Arabs will seek to turn Israel into another Viet Nam. There will be sabotage, guerrilla raids, minings and murders. Israel will defend herself with the hope of buying necessary arms from the United States. fense League. The National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council spoke on behalf of its nine national agencies and 82 local Jewish community councils. It is clear that the American Jewish community finds vigilantism and racism repugnant. Extremism and violence, no matter what its source, is dangerous to our country and poses the greatest threat to the security of the Jewish community. As Jews, we are committed toward making our system work peacefully toward the goals of equal opportunity and justice under law for all Americans. The lead pipe, the baseball bat are rejected by Jews as a response to the cries even the tortured and sometimes even unreasonable cries of those who suffer injustice in our society. ROBERT M. GILL President Milwaukee Jewish Council Muse mm mi$f Of f. -

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