The Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle from Milwaukee, Wisconsin on December 10, 1937 · Page 1
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The Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle from Milwaukee, Wisconsin · Page 1

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Friday, December 10, 1937
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o. .f 1SC0B 625 North Milwaukee Street Telephone MA rquetto 4 7 0 0 1LJ AWeeWLy PcipSssf oir Hie JgttIs Vol. 40 -No. 14 Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice of Milwaukee. Wis., under the Act of March 3. 1879 MILWAUKEE, WIS., DECEMBER 10, 1937 Per Year $3 pro MAC MICHAEL NAMED HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR THEHOLY LAND New Administration Has Long Career in British Governmental Service APPOINTEE FIFTH SINCE ENGLAND TOOK CONTROL Jerusalem (WNS-Palcor) Sir Harold Alfred MacMichael, military officer and administrator, was named as the fifth High Commissioner for Palestine since the British occupation of the country. He succeeds Sir Arthur Wauchope, who is retiring before the expiration of his term, scheduled for 1941. Sir Harold, now Governor and Commander in Chief of Tanganyika Territory since 1934, has spent the greater part of his career in the English Sudan, serving in various political and military capacities. He was born on October 15, 1882, the son of the late Rev. C. MacMichael. After graduating from Cambridge in 1904 with first class honors in classics, he joined the Sunday political service the following year. He served successively as Inspector in the Provinces of Kordofan, Blue Nile and Khartoum. During the war he served as a Political and Intelligence Officer. Subsequently he was a province governor, assistant civil secretary and finally Civil Secretary of the Sudan Government between 1926 and 1934. His writings on the East won for him the Burton Memorial Medal of the Royal Asiatic Society. His publications include "A History of the Arabs in the Sudan," which appeared in 1922. He speaks Arabic fluently but is not known to have had any direct contact with the Palestine problem. Formal greetings of welcome are expressed in editorials in the Hebrew press, commenting on the appointment of Sir Harold as the New High Commissioner. The papers are reserved, however, in estimating Sir Harold's fitness as successor to Wauchope. Haaretz, one of the Hebrew dailies, observes that the second British Commission can now come to Palestine to clear up the politcal obscurity that has followed the tri-partite partition proposal. rniNEAS RIKON Tid-Bits from Everywhere We're Telling You There's going to be a grand scrap for the presidency of the National Council of Jewish Women at the Pittsburgh convention next month . . . The leading candidate is Mrs. Maurice Goldman of New York, but she'll get stiff competition from Mrs. Alexander Kahn of Washngton, D. C. . . . A similar battle is brewing for the international presidency of B'nai B'rith . . . The national chairmanship of the JDC campaign, vacant since the death of Felix M. Warburg, may be filled by Herbert H. Lehman if he doesn't decide to change his Albany residence for a Senatorial toga in Washington . . . Political insiders are saying that Lehman ' may exchange places with Senator Bob Wagner because the latter is the only Democrat who can win labor's support in the 1938 New York gubernatorial election . . . B'nai B'rith's spokesmen are telling audiences that B. B. inspired the screen ing of the Zola picture . . . The He brew Free Loan Society in New York has so much money lying idle in banks that it is looking for borrowers . . Leaders of Shanghai Jewry who have been criticizing Jewish relief agencies in America for their alleged failure to aid the war-stricken communnity seem to have forgotten that two of the richest Jewish families in the world, the Sassoons and Kadoories, have headquarters in Shanghai . . Congratulations to the London Jew ish Chronicle on its new type face . . The change, the first in 30 years, is a great improvement . . . Unification of anti-Nazi boycott activities in this country is m sight . . . The Anti-Nazi League, the Joint Boycott Council and the Jewish War Veterans have reached an agreement to act together in investigating boycott violators . . And before long we expect further unification . . . About People The California annulment of the marriage of the former Erika Lowen- dahl and Mohammed Essad Bey, in ternationally famous author, revealed a sensational story . . . Essad Bey, it seems was sore because he had to leave Germany with his wife, daugh ter of a wealthy German Jew, because she is non-Aryan ... It now turns out that Essad Bey is himself a Jew, having been born with the name of Leo Nussinbaum, which he dropped when he embraced Islam . . . Mrs. Essad Bey claims that the Jewish mos-lem told her he was of princely Arabian lineage . . . But a little snooping revealed that Essad and Leo both mean "lion," and that Bey means "princeling" . . . The Communists failed to elect any members in New York's City Council, but that august body will have one members who was quite a revolutionist in his younger days . . . He's B. Charney Vladeck, who saw the inside of many of the most notorious Czarist prisons . . . Governor Henry Horner of Illinois almost had himself pinched as a kidnaper recently ... He was standing near a Springfield candy store when he noticed two little girls window shopping . . . When he invited them (Continued on Page 8) Appointment Seen Fulfilling Biblical Prophecy New York (JTA) Possible fulfillment of a prophecy in the Book of Daniel was seen by Hebrew scholars here in the appointment of Sir Harold Alfred MacMichael as Palestine High Commissioner. The scholars pointed to the opening sentence in Chapter XII, which reads as follows: "And at that time will Michael the great prince who standeth for the children of thy people, stand forth; and there will be a time of distress, such as hath never been since the existence of any nation, until that same time; and at that time shall thy people be delivered, everv one that shall be found written in the book." E. A. ROSS, NOTED SOCIOLOGIST, WILL ADDRESS COUNCIL Women's Group to Hear Famous U. of W. Figure Wednesday HUMANITY'S NEXT CULTURE IS SUBJECT Dr. Edward Ayleswoth Ross, professor emeritus at the University of Wisconsin and head of its department of sociology for many years, will speak at 2:30 p. m., Tuesday, December 14, at a meeting of the Milwaukee Section of the National Council of Jewish Women at Temple Emanu-El B'ne Jeshurun. The subject of his address will be "Foreshadowing of Humanity's Next Culture." PROF. E. A. ROSS Internationally famous for his ad vanced work in the field of sociology, Professor Ross is the author of numerous books and articles on the subject. His place as a leader in con temporary sociological thought is un disputed, and his appearance before the Council is regarded as an event of wide importance. Professor Ross has long been a famous fig-ure on the Wisconsin campus, his tall figure and high collars being a distinguishing characteristic of the Madison scene. Possessed of a keen wit, he once startled his pupils by appearing in sandals after returning from a trip to the South Seas. His lectures were always well attended, attesting to his excellent speaking ability and power to hold the interest of an audience. Mrs. George P. Ettenheim, legislative chairman, will be in charge of the meeting. Mrs. Armin Rosenberg, president of the organization, has invited all women of the community to attend the meeting. Jewish Papers of Italy Must Use Nazi Sources for News of German Jewry Rome (WNS) As a direct consequence of the increasingly close relations between Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, the Italian ministry of press and propaganda has instructed Jewish publications in Italy to refrain from publishing any Jewish news dealing with Germany other than that emanating from Nazi sources. The Italian press has long been utilizing Nazi reports as the basis of its Jewish news reports from Germany and other European countries. ' y Si "'. ' S IT - -"' w -V--? 'A ' ' "S v & I A Pi One Shot of Prolactin and Presto! Anti-Semitism Quickly Disappears New York (WNS) The possibility that science may find a cure for anti-Semitism and other social evils was indicated to the New York Academy of Medicine by Dr. Charles R. Stockard, professor of anatomy at Cornell University Medical College when he announced his discovery that human emotions and personality are controlled by glandocrats or chemical messengers called prolactins, which are sent out by the pituitary gland located at the base of the skull. These glandocrats, he said, exercise absolute control over the relations of men to each other and have the first and last word in the make-up of the personality. While Professor Stockard didn't say ?o, scientists who heard him intimated that his discovery opened the way to She Predicted the World War Rosika Schwimmer at Sixty By DIANA KLOTTS In celebration of her sixtieth birthday, Rosika Schwimmer, the celebrated fighter for peace, who more than 20 years ago became the most famous woman in the world by her efforts to end the World war, the coming of which she predicted, has been awarded an international peace prize. In this article Miss Klotts reviews the tragic career of Mme. Schwimmer, the Hungarian Jewess who sold Henry Ford the idea of the peace ship and is today a living casualty of the endless struggle for peace. The Editor. E3 N THE sunny chintz-draped living room of her New York skyscraper apartment where she recently celebrated her sixtieth birthday, R o z i k a Schwimmer is virtually a prisoner in exile. There, the white-haired clarion of peace sits quietly reflecting how 22 years ago she had diverted the attention of millions of people throughout the world from the warfare in which they were engaged to the ideals of peace how at the age of 38 she had recruited almost the entire peasant womanhood of Hungary to the common interest and participation in pacifist activities. There are those whose love for peace and the recollection of a lifetime spent in the furthering of that pursuit throughout the world bade them to remember Rozika Schwimmer and present to her as a birthday gift the unofficial world peace award of $7,000. Among those who sponsored it were Professor Albert Einstein Carrie Chapman Catt, Romain Rolland, Stefan Zweig, Mrs. Margaret Sanger, Sylvia Pankhurst and Emil Ludwig. Recalls Exciting Days In the modest, homey little apartment occupied by herself and her sister Francisca Schwimmer, she might have spent the remainder of her life in peace and comfort but there is no peace in the heart of Rozika Schwimmer in a world wracked with hate and bloodshed and fear. As the daily paper, its headlines filled with war horrors falls to her lap, her eyes look toward the walls lined with books and documents concerning various incidents in her ca reer, and for a brief spell she relives the momentary glory of a rich and colorful life. A strange nostalgia wells up in her as she recalls how when still a youngster in school the problem of social injustice had commanded her interests gradually to the exclusion of all other activities . . . And soon she had iven up a very promising future as a pianist to Uike her place in the ranks of those whose lives were dedicated to the causes of better life and understanding among the peoples of the world. It was Rozika Schwimmer who organized the Hungarian National Council of Women, the first woman's trade union; who helped draft foundation lation for the care of the underprivileged children and promoted other advanced social ideology. So highly esteemed was the work she rendered there that she was appointed to the national governing board for child welfare. Aided Alliance Finally, in 1904 she joined Jane Addams and Carrie Chapman Catt in founding the International Women's Suffrage Alliance, after having made her debut in the international women's movement as one of the principal speakers at the congress of the international council ot women in Berlin. Rozika. Schwimmer carried on her battles which resulted in such victories as the achievement of suffrage, of legislation for other social, economic and educational advantages for women. As international press secretary of the International Women's Suffrage Congress which she organized in Budapest in 1913, as well as correspondent for several important European dailies she was living in London on the eve of the war. For some time Rozika Schwimmer had harbored the fear of a world conflict ever since the Sarajevo assassinations. There was but one thing to do: Obtain a hearing with the prime minister and discuss the matter with him. Rozika Schwimmer did this on July 9, 1914. But David Lloyd George felt that "such official reports as came to hand did not seem to justify the alarmist view she took of the situation," Cas he later expressed it in his "War Memoirs") and the incident was soon forgotten. But Mme. Schwimmer's instincts were well founded, being based both on her wide knowledge of international affairs and personal contacts with major personalities throughout the Continent . . . The outbreak of the war found Rozika Schwimmer in Budapest, editing the influential and Fearless Hungarian publication, "The Woman." a new era of peace and good will provided some of the apostles of hate in high places could be injected with prolactin. Chicago (WNS) R. J. Schachter, Jewish research student in the physiology department of the University of Chicago, has discovered a new process for reducing the cost of treatment for Addison's disease, a malady resulting from degeneration of the adrenal dands, it was announced here by bf Professor Anton J. Carlson, head head of the department. Schachter's discovery consists of a method of refining Cortin extract, used in the treatment, so that it re tains its strength ior a year ana a half after injection, as compared with two or three weeks at present. Into the trenches by the thousands went batches of her literature pleading with the soldiers to put down their guns; imploring them with the truth nat a war ended by military conquest could not bring permanent peace but continued unrest and new causes for future conflict. Her appeal now grown universally potent was issued to "all men, wom en and organizations who want to stop the international massacre at the earliest possible moment" to prevail upon the disinterested neutrals to offer continuous mediation to the belligerents. In September, 1914, Roozika Schwimmer visited the United States bearing with her this message of warning from millions of European women to the people of the United States: "If you do not help us end the war in Europe before the militarists end it, you too will be drawn in." But to the people of the United States in 1914 this seemed as incredible as "alarmist view of the situation" as had her prophecy to Lloyd George but a few months before. The war continued. And Rozika Schwimmer returned to Europe. She would conduct a meeting of the International Congress of Women at The Hague. Far and wide echoed her plea for attendance, and in spite of the danger and terrific obstacles in the spring of 1915 two thousand women from war-stricken and neutral nations met there and resolved that two delegations be sent: one to the belligerent nations, headed by Jane Addams, and another to the neutral nations, under Rozika Schwimmer who might present once again her plea for the neutral states to offer continuous mediation. Inspired "Peace Ship" Having presented their plans before kings, presidents and prime ministers with assurances of support, the two delegations met in the United States in September, 1915, in the anticipation of Wilson's approval and the subsequent formation of a neutral conference. Wilson's refusal to call the conference doomed all hope for the cause of peace, and the delegates returned home hopeless, broken in spirit. All except Roozika Schwimmer. She had met Henry Ford who had expressed his eagerness to do something in be- lalf of the peace movement. With his backing an unofficial parley was organized which might have the same effect as the official conference vhich Wilson had refused to call. The problem of transportation for the American delegates to the confer ence was met with the realization of another dream which Rozika Schwimmer had long harbored, namely, the iiamatic peace ship On December 1, 1915, the Oscar II, tuonunuea on rage i)) Billion Dollar Palestine Canal Proposed As Substitute For Suez Engineer Envisions Second Life-Line for British Empire; Proposed Project Would be World's Longest Artificial Waterway Jerusalem (JTA) A substitute for the Suez Canal, whose vulnerability in case of war is worrying the British Government, has been planned by a Palestinian engineer who revealed long-considered plans for a $1,-000,000,000 artificial waterway the world's longest through the Holy Land. Detailed studies of the possibility of constructing a second lifeline for the British Empire from Haifa on the Mediterranean to Akaba, northernmost point on the Red Sea, were disclosed to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency by Dr. A. Werber, engineer of the Huleh Concession, the vast Jewish development area in the northeastern corner of the country. The canal envisioned by Dr. Werber would be of the same width and depth as the Suez and 250 miles long. It would run from Haifa eastward through the Valley of Jezreel to the valley of the River Jordan, then southward parallel to the Jordan, skirting the western shore of the Dead Sea, and continuing southward down the Wadi Araba to Akaba. Dr. Werber said this route had been suggested in the past, but no attempt had been made to learn whether it was feasible. He said he had studied all the scanty existing topographical and geological data on the territory, had prepared maps and cross-sections, and had come to the conclusion that the great geologic fault along the line marked by Lake Tiberias, the Jordan-Dead Sea depression and the Wadi Araba, was "the natural route." Locks Would Raise Canal The canal he proposed would be built at sea level from Haifa to a point about two-thirds of the distance down the Dead Sea, where a series of locks would raise it 650 feet to pass through the hills of the Negeb. Another series of locks would bring it down to sea level again north of Akaba. A unique feature, Dr. Werber explained, would be that in the Jordan Morgan Jones, Parliament Member, to Address Public Meeting at the Auditorium Czech Jews Raising $1,000,000 to Repatriate Coreligionists from Germany Prague (WNS) With the approval of the government, Czechoslo-vakian Jewry has launched a campaign to raise 25,000,000 kronen ($1,-000,000) to underwrite the cost of repatriating 2,000 Czech Jews now living in Germany. The money will be used to pay the cost of transportation and to provide the returning Jews with a means of making a living. FRIEND TO HEAD SERVICE ASS'N FOR 31ST YEAR All Officers of Social Service Group Re-Elected; Two Directors Named MINNEAPOLIS VOCATION CLINIC IS DESCRIBED Continuing his unique record as president of the oldest welfare agency in the city, Charles Fried was for the thirty-first consecutive time re-elected as head of the Jewish Social Service Association at its annual meeting last Wednesday evening at the Jewish Center. CHARLES FRIEND Re-elected also were Rabbi Samuel Hirshberg, first vice-president; Aaron Scheinfeld, second vice-president; Joseph Saffro, treasurer, and Marvin M. Fein, secretary. Directors chosen for three-year terms are Herbert Newman and Albert Ostermann. Those holding directorships from previous terms are Miss Sarah Becker, Mmes. Charles L. Aarons, I. Greenberg and Michael (Continued on Pare 10) Valley and Dead Sea depression, the ground sinks as far as 400 metres below sea level, the lowest-lying land in the world. The canal, instead of following the declivity, would run at sea level along the hillsides. In some places this could be done by excavation, he said. Elsewhere it would be necessary to build huge parapets to form one wall of the waterway. Since there is practically no fresh water supply in the territory to be traversed, the elevated section of the canal would have to be fed with sea water pumped 650 feet up. This would be one of the most difficult technical problems, Dr. Werber said, as evaporation and soakage in the district are so enormous. However, he said, after calculating the amount of pumping necessary, he is convinced it would be practicable both from engineering and economic viewpoints. Despite the enormous difficulties, the canal would cost much less than the Gaza-Akaba route which would require locks to raise shipping nearly 2,000 feet, Dr. Werber said. Cost of the Gaza-Akaba canal has been estimated at $2,500,000,000, he said. The Haifa-Akaba canal, he said, would run entirely through territory where British control is strong and growing stronger. The terminal cities could be developed into powerful military and naval bases and secure commercial ports, far from territory (Continued on Pagre 9) Telephones Increase 26 Cent in Palestine Per Jerusalem (JTA) The number of telephones in Palestine rose from 11,-412 at the end of August, 1936, to 14,452 a year later, representing an increase of 26.6 per cent, according to a bulletin of the Government Office of Statistics. Revenue from telephones, which are operated by the Government Department of Posts and Telegraphs, reached 151,685 in the first eight months of 1937 as compared with 118,452 in the corresponding period last year. I imjh Kfrnummmmimr mnnii. mm ' umiiiwinmn m. m j f ' 1 :x i Advocate of Jewish Rights in Palestine to Report on Situation in Holy Land CELEBRATE 35TH YEAR OF J. N. F. As its part in the international celebration of the thirty-fifth anniversary of the Jewish National Fund, the local J. N. F. Council will hold a public meeting this Sunday evening, December 12, at 8 o'clock in Plankinton hall of the Milwaukee Auditorium. Principal speaker at the event will be the Hon. Morgan Jones, Member of Parliament for the Caerphilly Division of Glamorganshire, South Wales, and one of the. leading members of the Official Opposition in the House of Commons. Important in Government In the course of his varied career he has been a member of the National Exeoutive Committee of the British Labor Party, and was a member of the Crown in the two Labor Governments that ruled the British Isles from 1924 to 1931. Since 1931 he has taken a leading part in Parliamentary debates on international, Indian, Colonial and financial affairs. He Morgan Jones represented the British Labor Party on the Joint Select Committee on Indian Constitutional Reform, and became the leading spokesman for his Party on the floor of the House of Commons when the recommendations of that Committee were embodied in a Parliamentary Bill. Morgan Jones For the last six years he has been Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee of the Houe, a body which reviews all expenditures of Government Departments. Mr. Jones received his education at Reading University College and began his scholastic career as a trained certificated teacher. In 1913 he was (Continued on Page 8) MADAGASCAR HOW SUBJECT OF HEW EMIGRATION PLAN Propose Settlement of "Superfluous" Jews on Island FRANCE AND POLAND CONSIDERING SCHEME Warsaw (WNS) France is ready to permit the colonization of 30,000 Jewish families from Poland approximately 125,000 persons, on the island of Madagascar, its colony off the coast of Africa, Foreign Minister Yvon Del-bos, is reported to have told Col. Josef Beck, Polish Foreign Minister, in the course of their conversations regarding the European crisis. Agreeing with Colonel Beck's contention that Poland has just as much right to colonies, M. Delbos is understood to have agreed to the Jewish colonization project provided the settlers are furnished with the capital necessary to establish farms and for other needs. The basis of the discussion was the report rendered by an official Polish commission of two Jews and a Christian who recently returned from Madagascar and found the land suitable for European settlers. The 30,000 Jewish families, part of Poland's so-called "superfluous" Jews, would be settled over a period of six years. There was also mention made of government assistance in the colonists. Deny Report Warsaw (JTA) 'Nowa Prawda, organ of ex-President Jan Paderewski, said the Delbos-Beck colonial talks chiefly concerned peasants' emigration and raw materials, and did not feature the subject of Jewish emigration. Reports of the number of persons to be settled in Madagascar under the Polish plan do not tally with statements made by a French Colonial Office official last January following announcement by Colonial Minister Marius Moutet of an offer to permit settlement of Jews in four French possessions Madascar, French Guiana, the New Hebrides and New Caledonia. On January 22, Colonial Undersecretary Bouteille declared the offer had in mind settlement of only 30 Jewish families in 1937, 30 in 1938 and 50 the following year. He declared: "The Quai D'Orsay has been informed that some foreign governments believe Colonial Minister Mou-tet's project will help their plans to evacuate their Jews. Such hopes are entirely without foundation." if M L

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