Polynesian from Honolulu, Hawaii on October 27, 1860 · Page 2
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Polynesian from Honolulu, Hawaii · Page 2

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Saturday, October 27, 1860
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THE POLYNESIAN. SATURDAY. OCTOBER 27. 1860. When last we said, in reference to these id&ndi, that the worst feature of their national life had been passed, we did not say so, as some imagined, because " the wish was father to the thought,'! but because we saw our way clear to establish the assertion by historical and material proofs. ,W thought that contemporary enlightened minds would have had both leisure and disposition to make those researches in the past for themselves which, led os to, the conclusion which we enunciated. But facts, however, are sometimes bulky things, as well as stubborn; and those who are predisposed to doubt as much through a scanty information as through obstinacy in defending a previously ex pressed opinion by them no allusion to a well known fact, no compendium even, will be received as proof. They want all the details and the figures in full to a fraction. And when you humor them and treat them to volumes of such reading as the "Patent Office Reports or similar evidences of a nation's progress, they wistfully turn the leaves over, but lack the mental courage to nirlr nn the nroofs that lie before them : and bv a singular, but often travelled, cross-road of the I mind they prefer rather to repose on their own doubt than advance to the proofs whereby that doubt may be shattered. We cannot reasonably hope to remove the doubts of such ultra sceptics either in blue or bluck. They are of two kinds and generally incurable. First, those who never compare the present with the past, and whose sole argument may be thus pronounced : The present is miserable, ergo the future must be damnable.'' Second, those who always compare the present with the past and regret the good old time " when they were the cocks of the walk, ere competition arose, and the sceptre departed from the house of Judah. With these we can hold no discussions and offer no arguments. We simply note their existence. in order to account for their occasional cawing through the columns of the press or otherwise. Let us then see, as briefly as it can be done here, if we were not correct when we said that " the worst had actually been passed " by this people, and that " things were mending at a rapid though necessarily uneven rate." We will not dwell on the mental darkness and social brutality under which this people grew and increased as the animals grow and increase before the stranger in his " floating islands" dropped from the clouds on their astonished vision. From that moment Hawaii stepped out from its isolation nd came in direct, unavoidable contact with a civilization and condition of things so utterly foreign to the habits and alien to the very nature of the people, that even its vices had nothing in common and had to be learned, though, alas! the teachers were not wanting and the pupils but loo apt. From that time the little Hawaiian planet " swept through the shadow of the globe" into the opening day of older constellation?, and then commenced the moulting process, the transition period, the desert probation, by which alone old things could become new, and the new ones rendered permanent and capable of progress. Let as now follow the course of this people through the desert and we shall find that, with many deviations and occasional back tracks, yet the comparatively clear gain on its onward march is beyond the parallel of any other people, either ancient or modern; and that, if not everything that a fond partiality or a willful delusion may insist upon, yet the elements of progress are multiplying everywhere and hop grows stronger as the years roll on. The first great political step which this nation took after the advent of Cook was the unification of all the islands in the group under one chief and one government. While the idea of this grand act was almost imperceptibly developed from the growing intercourse with the foreigner, and trengthened by the facilities and means which his presence afforded, it in its turn became one of the most powerful means to render civilization accessible everywhere, nnfcrm in its operation, milder in its conflicts and speedier as well as more certain in its results. Where this people would have been, from a social and political point of view, without that consolidation of power and extinction of separate interests, can easily be conceived if we look at its kindred races in other directions of the Pacific, who are yet either spelling out their lessons unconscious of their import, or breaking their teeth in impotent rage over the file of civilization, which, through their own want of foresight and nnity of efforts, has fallen into the hands of the stranger. Where are the Marquesas, the Society, the Samo-a' the Fiji Islands, New Zealand and others? They are gone, or going; for under the circumstances in which those fragments of a race are now placed, there can be no life as a people, no civilixaticn as a development of that life, without national independence and national unity. The next great political step was the abolition of the tabns and the introduction of letters. As the unification of the islands had physically liberated the people from the grinding tyranny and fends of a host of petty oppressors, so the repeal of the tabus liberated the national mind from the yoke of one of the most elaborate and revolting forma of heathenism on record. It broke the hackles and opened the door of the soul's prison house, and however well or unworthily that mental liberty may have been employed, or however deep and unseemly sores may still remain to attest the abject slavery of a former condition, yet the acquisition of the power and the acknowledgement of their right to think . freely 'and raise their eyes to heaven, not only without fear, but even in confidence, if they so choose, was an immense progress through the desert; and to those who had hitherto lived an aggregate life without that individuality Of thought, that consciousness of their own blindness, which attest the quickening into mental and moral life of a people to them the repeal was a revolution so thoroughly upsetting the ancient faith and loosening the social modes of thought that thenceforward a relapse became impossible. ."' Close upon the heels of this repeal of the tabus am the introduction of letter and the teaching cf a new faith. We wilt speak of the two and . their influences upon the progress of the people separately. By the introduction of letters the ability to communicate with eich other, to be made convers ant with all the teeming experience of the past, to see themselves as others see them, to record their deeds and aspirations on the written, undying pages of history, instead of the treacherous mem ory of tradition, to bold in their own hands the key to knowledge and power, to good and evil, the ability to fructify the thoughts which the repeal of the tabus had released from thralldom by this not only were the political union and the mental liberty of the people secured, but the door to fur ther progress thrown wide open, and their passage became only limited by the measure of their own ability and the disposition of their guides. And may it never be forgotten that too much praise chnnot be awarded to those men and women who brought those letters and that knowledge in the very nick of time, as it were, when the native mind stood trembling and awestruck at its own temerity and nakedness. Whether this people has made all the use and the best use of the advantages thus opportunely and thus freely offered, and whether the teachers adopted the best method to speed and effect that knowledge which, when once acquired, would have been, and permanently o, useful in all the rela- tions of the social anJ political life of the people, are questions of which current events are affording a daily solution are questions which may on other occasions afford arguments to prove the vacillations and the retrogressions on l!i. desert path ; but it is enough for our purpose that letters came in any form and wer embraced. Along with the letters came the teaching of a new faith. The want of the first was certainly more appreciated than the want of the latter. To the eager, imitative, plastic mind of the native letters and the acquisition of knowledge were a novelty and had charms peculiar to themselves, and were therefore embraced with an avidity which the insufficiency and often curious nature of the supply have not diminished; while the want of a new faith was hardly felt by a people which, notwithstanding the repeal of the tabus and the dese cration of the idols by the chiefs, clung so firmly to its old superstitions in private life. The immediate consequence, however, here, as well as in Britain, Gaul, Germany and other places, where antagonistic faiths and social conditions have come in collisions, was a compromise, a sort of mental j reservation between the oid and new faiths. The manner may have differed a little, but the spirit is similar. As the old faith was publicly discarded by beat of drum and by authority of the chiefs, so in the same manner was the new faith introduced. The despotism of those days permitted no public difference of opinion in matters of religion ; but though it could command a whole people to bend their knees before the new God of whom they never had heard before, yet their hearts were ns passive in the church as in the Ileiau, and had they not been convinced by impunity of the impotence of their old gods, there was no moral reason existing why they should prefer Jehovah to Kaili and Ka-laipahoa. With all these drawbacks, however, it is in the nature of truth to make room for itself wherever it has been uttered ; and if we acknowledge that, beyond the outward semblance, the country is not yet christianised, according to the sense of the word when speaking of the United States, Great Britain, France or Germany, yet there is nothing in that admission to undervalue the labors of those who have striven to sow the seeds of a truer faith and a purer practice among this people nor is there anything from which to infer that superstitions, touching so close upon the ancient regime, would not here, 83 in those other countries, gradually give way before the incessant rays of light and truth. We know that we are treading on delicate ground, and that there are those who cannot bear the least allusion to, nor criticism of, the religious aspect of the Hawaiian people, and invariably construe our remarks as insulting to religion in general and attacking themselves personally. Wo regret the antagonism, and can conceive of the prejudices which lie at the bottom of it; but, with the explanations above offered, we hope that we may not again be misunderstood when we say that, however highly we prize the introduction of letters and knowledge, and in behalf of this people would gratefully remember the self-devotion of their teachers, yet, while speaking of the influences which have brought this people forward through the desert, through their transition period, we cannot attribute to the introduction of the new faith, as a moral element and separated from its political adjuncts, any more than a secondary influence upon the permanency of national life, the purification of national character and the loftier range of national development. Whoever claims more for it cannot fail to be controverted by historical facts in the past, by social manifestations in the present. We will pursue this subject hereafter. As we said before, facts are sometimes bulky things as well as stubborn." Simm Xavizatlon. We understand that the Hawaiian Steam Navigation Company send to-day by the " Yankee " fcr boiler plate and other materials for the construction of boilers, engine and propeller for one of our coasting schooners, the first of three which they propose to ruu in conjunction with the Kilauea, thus enabling them to give every Island and every port of any importance the full benefit of steam navigation, whilst at the same time these propellers will entirely remote the fears of some that when the schooners are driven off we shall be without the means of inter-island communication if any accident happened to the A' lauea. It will have the effect also of making the Steam Company's stock a perfectly safe investment, as in case of accident to the A7- lauea these small proj e'.lers mitt realise enormous pro fits. The Whaliag Fleet. The whalers continue to arrive. Since last week 19 have arrived at the various ports of the islands, making 66 in all, bringing 993 bbla, sperm, 33,167 bbla. whale and 422.800 lbs. of bone, with the following average: 38 vessels from Arctic, Kodiak and Bristol Bay, with 458 bbla. sperm, 17,665 bbls. whale and 2CO,800 : lb, bone ; average to each vessel, 476 2-3 bbla,; 28 vessels from the Ocbotsk Sea. with 540 bbla. epeim, 15,512 bbls. whale and 162,000 lbs. bone ; average to each ves173 1-8 bbls. The general average of all th vessels arrived ap to yesterday is 517 2-3 fcbU. II. R. II. Prlare L. K a nark me ha at Victoria, MiTtr'i lalaaa. By the arrival of the barkentine Jenny Ford, Capt. Moore, in nineteen days from Paget Sound, and the courtesy of M. C Monsarrat, Esq., who came passen ger from Vancouver's Island, we have received very interesting intelligence from H. R. II. Prince Kameha meha and suite, who left here on the 29th of August last, in the yacht Emma Iiooke, in the hope of improv ing his health by a sea voyage and the change of climate. The Emma Iiooke arrived on the 18th nit. at Victoria, in twenty days from here. Of the reception of the Prince we will let the Victoria journals speak. The Colonist says : Areival or Phixce Kamehameha axd Scitr. Yesterday evening one of the most beautiful little schooners eye ever beheld sailed into our harbor, and anchored off Laurel Point. She proved to be the Emma Rooke, 19 days from Honolulu, and her arrival created some little excitement, as soon as it became known that Prince Lot Kamehameha. of the Sandwich Islands, and suite, were on board. The Hawaiian Consul, Henry Rhodes, Esq., immediately boarded the vessel, and brought the royal party ashore. The distinguished visitors are as follows : II. R. II. Prince Lot Kamehameha, brother to the King ; Hon. D.tvid Knlakawa ; Hon. Levi Hank-lea; Members of the House of Nobles and the King's Privy Council ; and Josiah ('. Spalding, Aid-de-Camp to the Prince and Consul of Peru. The Prince has taken the trip by the advice of physicians, and his intention is to remain here a short time ; and should his health improve, probably visit California. We bespeak a fitting reception. A few days after we read again : Phixce Kamehameha axd Suite. The Prince and suite are quartered at the French HoteL Owing to the delicate state of the Prince's health he has not been much in public. Yesterdav, however, accompanied by his suite, he paid a visit to Beacon Hill and the environs of the town. Although laboring under indisposition, and necessarily somewhat secluded, the Prince has received many calls from our prominent citizens. Yes terday, tlie Hon. Mr. Finlayson, Administrator of the Government. W. A. O Young. Esq., Provincial Secretary, Dr. Hflmcten, Speaker of the Assembly, Captain Spencer, of H. M. S. Topaze, and a number of lesser notabilities, paid a formal visit to the Prince, to welcome him to the country, and were very graciously received. We trust our citizens will not be backward in showing that degree of courtesy to those distinguished strangers which their position warrants. Every year will increase the commercial intercourse between the colony and the Hawaiian kingdom ; and no means should be allowed to slip by which we may cultivate friendly relations with a people whose Government is patterned after ours, and whose prosperity cannot but enhance ur own. By private correspondence, after noticing the passage over, we are informed that ' Upon the arrival of the Prince, Governor Douglas being absi nt to British Columbia, Mr. Young, Colonial Secretary, and Chief Justice Cameron, called upon him, as did also Capt. Spencer, of H. M. S. Topazr, His Lordship he Bishop of Columbia, the Speaker and other members of the IIuse of Representatives. On the 22d, II. R. II. rode over to Esquimault and visited H. M. S. Toptise, where he wns received in the most courteous manner, with manned yards and royal salutes on arrival and at parting, and with a fcuperb collation on board. On returning, II. R. H. called upon the family of Governor Douglas. Yesterday, Sunday, divine service was held on board of the Emma Iiooke, the Rev. Mr. Kaulehelehe officiating, some twenty Hawaiian families resident in Victoria attending, to whom the Prince made a short address exhorting them to lead an orderly and industrious life in this foreign land, and by so doing acquire the means of returning to the land of their birth and leave a good name behind them. ' The officers of the Government and of the Hon. Hudson's By Co., as well as the residents generally, have vied with each other in extending every courtesy and attention." The Prince's health, we are glad to learn, had greatly improved. On the 24th, after a stay of six days, II. R. H. left with his suite in the Emma Rooke for San Francisco, much pleased and gratified with his visit to Victoria. We learn from the Aha California of Sept. 20th that the Prince was expected in San Francisco, and we have no doubt that his reception there will be gratifying to him and creditable to that hospitable city, with which this country has so many and so intimate relations of commerce and amity. P. S. By the arrival yesterday of the Comet from San Francisco, Oct. 10, we learn that His Royal Highness had arrived to that city and met with the most flattering reception. When the Comet left. His Royal Highness had accepted the courteous invitation of Governor Downey to visit Sacramento city. It was thought the Prince would leave lor the Islands after his return from Sacramento about the 15th instant. From the Alta California of the 7th inst. we quote : We trust that the visit of Prince Kamehameha to California will be a pleasant one, and that he will receive the honors, and be treated with the consideration, due to a gentleman and a prince of a friendly and near nation. It is pleasant to know that our rulers will give him a kindly greeting to our shon s. Governor Downey, General Clark, and the Board of Supervisors the representatives ot the Federal, State, and City Governmentswill call upon him to-day. To-morrow, or the day aft r, he and his suite will probably start on a tour to the interior, to see the mineral wonders of our mountains and the agricultural wonders of our valleys How long they will stay in our State we have not Inen able to learn, but it will probably not be long not more ,han a week or two. Make the Crooked Paths Straight The straightening of Nuuanu street, from King downward, has been accomplished daring the past week, and is so patent an improvement that now the wonder is how it could possibly have been delayed so long. We regret, however, to learn that all the appropriation made by the last Legislature for indemnity to landholders in similar cases has been exhausted by this one attempt to improve the streets, as much as sixty cents a fx)t having been awarded by the arbitrators for the land which the Government took away to straighten the street. As it was, over one hundred dollars had to be contributed by private subscription among the neighboring lot owners to eke out the parsimonious a pi propriation cf the Legislature. There are twenty other places to the full as crooked and unseemly as the one just straightened, but they must await the generosity of another Legislature or the action of a city government, should Honolulu ever be anything more than a village and rise to the dignity and responsibility of defraying its own expenses. The bark " Vn nitre." This fine vessel, uow lying at Market wharf, h is been the subject of general admiration and remark, especially by seafaring meu, for the past few weeks. From her water lines to her trucks she is a most splendid specimen of a faultless model, symmetrical rig, and thorough seamanship. We do not believe that any other vessel that evt-r entered our harbor has been so universally admired and commended throughout. Internally she is well fitted and is as tidily kept as a gentleman's yacht. If the appearance of the Yankee as she now lies, and the kindly offices of her agents, Messrs. D. C. Waterman & Co., and the gentlemanly deportment of Capt. Bailey and his officers, are not sufficient inducements to procure this noble bark a full freight and a large complement of passengers, then we confess that we don't know what will or what other inducements can be offered. She leaves to-day for San Francisco, with the United States and European mails. Water!-. We learn that tht much desired waterpipes of a larger siae. tbr supplying Honolulu with water, were shipped in Liverp ol on board of the Danish ship Triton, which sailed on the 23d July, and is now nearly due. The preparatory labor' baV already commenced by building a reservoir up the valley. Lara I Newa Ahe very scarce, unless we revert to that never-failing subject, the weather," and of that we have had quite a variety for the last eight or ten days. Showers and sunshine, hurricanes and doldrums have kept the weather-wise among us remarkably busy to keep their predictions aw eourrant with the times. Except what we have above narrated, there is really very little that may interst the general reader. Another case of death under the treatment of native Kahunas (doctors) has been before the Police Court. One woman, the friend of the shark and the lizard or some equally respectable ancient deities, attempted to cure another woman suffering from severe ulcers, by applying poultices of tobacco leaves. Unfortunately for the reputation of the doctor in petticoats the patient died and, besides leaving the virtues of tobacco poultices a mooted point, left another sad example of the tenacity with which the Hawaiian people cling to their ancient superstitions and their Kahunas, by whom they are spread and maintained, notwithstanding the numerous mournful results which they produce. Whoever has travelled up Fort Street, with his eyes open to the improvements going on in that central portion of Honolulu, cannot fail to have noticed or to have had dealings with the Feed Store' of Mr. A. D. Cartwright. To this has lately been added a grocery store, so that now two birds can be killed with one stone" and both man and beast find provender under the same roof. Mr. Cartwright sells as cheap as any, and, if your paacels are bulky, will send them home to vour door. The Gas was let on again on Saturday night last, and things looked as they used to do. We hope that this time the fires of the gas works may never go out, nor their smoke cease to ascend up to Heaven. Apropos : the water-gas, which the former proprietors of the gas works promised to introduce, for illuminating purposes on a large scale, is pronounced a failure, if it is not a humbug. The Steamer Kii.at.ea is expected back today, from Kauai, with their Majesties the King and Queen and their suite on board. We have received a communication from "one of the nine," but whether Muses or Pierides, the deponent sayeth not. We would reply that if we made a mistake at first, we are not going to repeat it. The P. C. Adreriiser informs the community that there is no small pox in these islands. Three months ago we announced the same fact, but it would seem that the Terrapin Express has changed hands lately. It nAS been remarked that a journal, which " never indulges in personalities," xivnn ! is attempting to drag the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, of Lahaina, before the public by comparing him with the Rev. Dr. Smith, of Koloa, Kauai. We arc not interested in either gentleman, but we are interested in the truth of the matter and object to the suppreisio teri by the journal in question. Mr. Smith has qualified himself for the practice of medicine, according to the laws of the country ; Mr. Baldwin has not-One studied for his diploma and wears it with credit to himself; the other had the diploma conferred upon him as an honorarium, as D.D's are conferred. The Reservoir on the premises of the National Hotel (Mr. J. Booth's,) of which we spoke a short time ago, is now full of water, and as we then said, is a most valuable acquisition to that part of the town. We are glad to notice among the neighboring householders a dispoitionto share the cost of so heavy an undertaking with the liberal-minded proprietor; the expense of the reservoir being nearly $1,800 : and among the foremost in so creditable an acknowledgment we notice Messrs. Castle & Cooke, merchants in King street, who donated a force and suction pump, lat-ly purchased in Boston for $220. It wocld seem as if the United States Consulate at Honolulu were going a-begging for an incumbent. We noticed last week that Jude Pratt had been recalled the Judge was a Douglas man) and a Mr. Buel appointed in his place. In the Bulletin of Oct. 9 we n-ad that Mr. Buel hud declined the honor and that one Gorham Blake, Eq., was pressed to accept i it. Non-intervention is our text; but knowing that Judge Pratt w ent away with the highest esteem and the best wishes of both our own Government and the mercantile and marine community residing hero, we are simple enough to think that his re-appoint ment would save this Consulate from going a-brgging. Then I re. The ForbeN Company continue to p'ay at the Hawaiian Theatre to very respectable audiences. Comedies and farces are the order of the day; they ate well rendered and with much spirit The dancing by Miss Gordon and Miss de Vere is very spirited, very graceful and always encored ; but why not occasionally produce a pas drsdeux. This evening will be performed " Black-eyed Susan," dancing and singing and farces. Complimentary Benefit. The following correspondence explains itself : Honolulu. October 23d, 1860. To Mrs. W. C. Fosses, Hosoixlc : Madim : The undersigned bavin? a high appreciation of vour abilities as an artiste, and many lady-like qualities, avail themselves of the opportunity of offering for your acceptance a complimentary testimonial benefit. In asking that yon would advise us what evening woulJ be most favorable for the occasion, we take this opportunity to assure you that you command our best wishes for your prosperity and happiness. Thomas Spencer, Alex. J. Cartwrifrht. P. S. Wilcox, B. F. Durham, Chas. Nichols Spencer, Capts. Robert Jones. Jas. K. Turner, I. Henry Swift, W. Clark, G. II. larke, W. role. E. S. Hrightman, J. O. Bailey. A. K. Crosby, A. W Fish, ltenj. F. Gibbs, Jas. Smith, Thns C. Hardinr. Alfred C. Chester, W. II. Allen, C. P. Fish, R. Billings, B. II. Sisson. J. Smith Walker, D. C. Waterman, G. T Lawion, Capt. Jas. M. Green, T. T. Dougherty and twenty-five ethers. FaitscH Horn, I October 94th, IS60. f To Messrs. Thomas Fpencer, Alex. J. Cartwright. P. 8. Wilcox, B. F. Durham, Chas. N. Spencer, J. Smith Walker, D. C. Waterman, G. T. I.awton and others. Usstlimk : I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your flattering letter of to-day. I accept with gratitude the compliment yon hare so kindly tendered me, and regret that your generous appreciation of my humMe abilities so far exceed their deserving. Permit me to offer my sincern thanks for this evidence of your kindness, and assure you that it will be cherished among those recollections which memory gladly recall and gratitude perpetuates With your permission, I name Monday evening, October 29, for the proposed occasion, and remain, with the highest esteem. Most respectfully, yours, Fursta Forbes. CP We have been requested by the United States Legation to state that, by directions from the Department of State, dated WasLington city, September 6th, 1850, " That hereafter no draft or drafts, to meet disbursements on account of American seamen, at the port of Honolulu, will be paid by the Treasury Department, unless the account on which the same is based shall have been first submitted to the American Commissioner at the Hawaiian Islands for audit, and his approval regularly endorsed on each separate draft," of which the American Commissioner, by the Department, fa requested to notify all parties concerned. Legal notice to this effect will appear in our next. Pera.aml. Vicesimus Turner, Esq., TJ. S. Consul, Society Islands, leaves in the bark " Yankee" to-day, for San Francisco, and from thence to Washington. He is laboring under illness, which the skill of his physician. Dr. Ford, has so far alleviated as to allow him to proceed. Bee. From our attentive correspondent in the Kona district of Hawaii we gather the following information. Speaking about bees in Kona; one hive procured eight months ago has thrown off trcenty-nine swarms and tub-swarms in that time, all of which, with the exception of one which esc-iped to the woods, are busily at work. Ihis is a wonderful fecundity, and doubtless would be disbelieved in California, where they brag of three swarms a year. I doubt not th it we shall soon begin to export (to Honolulu) honey and wax, for Kona is the place for bees of all tLe districts on the islands." Twenty-nine swarms, plus one, from one hive in eight months ! ! ! Why the bees of Hymettus never equalled that in the CibleJ days of old. We understand that the swarms are selling on the spot at 10 apiece, and that the greatest difficulty is to procure suitable hives to house them in, nail kegs, soapboxes, clothes baskets and what not being put in requisition for that purpose. AweiMaeats. The Assessors' Lists having all been returned to the Department of Finance, we are enabled to give the following synopsis of the assessed amounts of taxes compared with that nf last year : ! Is -' Paoriarr. & ! ! . YEAR. I Polls.! J S : U 13 I Real, j Personal, o lx I 1;) ! 13,451 867 $2,645,4-2 125' 17,516 I i 2.S04 iai9 .1 3.54.4.'iO: a.W.SSS' 33 17,737 9 27.7:!7 IK M Dogs. t S' t I o P. I t l 10 ! 2,5 I ! 5.S4X 1.57 ,191 3J $.12,7 ' 09,439 1859.... 2.7i3 7,:5 73,015 21 1 33,568. 30,27 LATER FOREIGN XEAVS. By the arriral of the bark Comet, in 18 dtys from San Francisco, we have received American and European dates ; the former to Sept. 26 from St. Louis and Oct. 9 from San Francisco, the latter to Sept. 14 from Queenstown. We condense the main facts as follows : The King of Naples had finally left the city of Naples, and Garibaldi was at Cara within twenty-eight miles of Naples. Queen Victoria was going to Germany on the 24th September. Filhbuster Walker had finally been captured and would be shot. Sic transit. The Allies had landed at the Peiho and were going to take the forts. It appears that the Chinese Rebels were Christians after all and propagating the religion of the cross by the persuasives of the stake and the fire. The New Zealand difficulties are said to be composed. The Prince of Wales had entered the United States and been feasted and feted like a Prince as he was, and no one respected his incognito. The Italian net is drawing closer. Victor Emmanuel had marched 25,000 men into the Marches qgd a battle was expected with Lamorriciere. France was grumbling at the step of Sardinia, but non-mterven-tion is the principle and text of the modern jus gentium. LATt'.ST FOREIGN DATES. Ifonfkonz Aus; 10'Panama, LiveriMMil. (per P. T.t.) Sept 14 an r"raneir Oct 9 Mn la 1st Lonis,(P. Ea.) Sept26 Sydney, X S W,....June 21 Tahiti.... Sep 24 Japan, July 22 Valparaiso, New York. (re, mail). .Sept 1 1 Victoria, VI Oct 5 COM MERCI AL. FRtDA Y. OCTOBER 26, ISfiO. The whalers continue to arrive daily, anl trade begins tn improve. There is as yet but little doing IB supplies fur the ships, as they are not laid in antil atxmt the time of sailing-The Captains are looking about to see where they can pake purchases on the tnist advantageous terms, and are somewhat inclined to hold i.(T, hoping that they ran dispose of their drafts on more favorable terms than ibe going rales. The barkentine Jenny Ford arrived on the 55tli inst., 19 days from Tekalet, bringing a cargo of lumber and spars about 200,0o0 feet of lumber, 30,000 shingles and 80 spars. The Sea Witch, with an assorted cargo, sails to-morrow fur Tahiti. The Comet arrived to-day 16 days from San Francisco, bringing a full freight and a number of passengers Onr latest dates are to the 9tli inst. The market report will be found below. The clipper ship Storm King was to sail (be day following the Comet. She is bound to China, and will only touch at this port. The bark Yankee sails to-morrow for San Francisco with a full freight, consisting in most part of coals, cocoa nut oil and pu!u, and taking the Eastern Mails aad a number of passengers. The clipper ship Silver HUir is yet in port, awaiting the arrival of the Jorfhin. She will pnbably sail early next week for Jarvis Island. The schooner Murilda is to sail for Fanning' Lslaml abont the 30th inst. FREIGHTS. The whaleship Leici ha been purchased by Messrs. C. A. Williams tc. Co., for $-i,.1(Hl fur the ship as she lies, with every thing there is on board except the oil and bone. She has on board about S"0 bbls. of oil, which she will take to New Bedford on freight also taking about SOO bbls. more of oil, and fill her between-derks with bone. The ship R.iJuga has been ordered bark from Ililo and is houi ly expected. She is to load at this port for New Bedford and Boston. There are several whalers bound home which will take freight. IV e learn that rales will be about 6 cents per gallon for oil and IJ cents per pound for bone, In our local trade wn have but little of interest to note. Auction sales are poorly attended and but small price obtained for goods. PL' LIT Sales at auction of about 15,000 lbs. wet and damaged at 3c. I)ry pressed is held at 5e&6e. COFFEE. Scarce and high. Several small lots have changed hands at 23c, and holders are charging 2Scd230c ia quotable at 30c. ARROWROOT. None ia the market. Ia demand. PROVISIONS. We note sale of a lot of American beef at fid from first hands. Sales have been made ia the harbor from one .hip to another of beef at $17 50 and pork at f2I. Beef quotable at $18; pork at $20.3822. Hawaiian beef is held at $10. We note sale of a lot of good quality at that price. BREAD. CeZic. SL'GAR. We have to report sale ot a small lot light at 7je and about 40 packages dark at 5c. JIOLASStf?. I. much ia demand. Sales have bee mad at 3Je, aad can be disposed of ia small lots at even better rate. EXCHANGE. The r are but few transactions ia whalers' bills. Money is held firm at S per cent, premium, aad those who have moaay to invest are determined that it shall not be had at a less tate. We learn from those who ar posted that it will probably advance as soon as the TanJke sails, the price being kept down by the wants of some parties cl bill ttt remittances. A w aid before, the captain are holdiag off thinking that tb late will be saor favorable. With these conflicting opinion it is difficult to judge what is to be the next change in the rate of exchange. Private drafts on New York have been sold at 5 per cent, discount, and exchange on England at SO peace. BAN FRANCISCO MARKET. SL'GAR. Sales at auction of crashed at 14c ; China mars at 8'(C. We have been permitted to see a private Utter, from which we learn that. No. 1 susar, ex Comrt. sold at auction for loie; medium, do. do., 9jc. No. I China quoted ai 9c. Choice Jiew Orleans would brief 12 r. Crushed 14eta. POTATOES. MisMoa. 65 cte per 1U0 lbs. ONlONd. 0r.9ne per 100 lb. FLOL8 $4 kJa$5 .'.0. WOOL-al ol J.ooO lbs. choice Marino aad Aw. mixed at I7c. IIUES. Are worth 12(e per lb. Tas bark ionia was sold at auction for $V600. PASSENGERS. Frvt San Franvitct per bk Comet, Oct 26 C II Judd aad wife, Mie M A Pitman. Rev C T Mills and wife, Master 11 Corwin, J Puller, wife and 3 chil Iran ; Mis H A Damon, Miss 1. 14 Fowler, Mis H Truesdell, Mis C A Biiby, A Aaiboay, Rev C V Anthony, Mr. L Gardner, Mrs. E Gardner, Mr Juaa Taro, Mr U tl Ingots, Mr J Johnson, Mr W H Kn,.uton, 1 Chinaman. From Flctorfa per Jenny Ford, Oct 95. M C Moasarrat, Mr Martina, Mr Williamson, Mr For, Mr Atkins. j FOREIGN Oil, MARKETS. Niw Bcoroao, Sept. t.ln the oil market w have tor mirnnwi perm DeMf that , 1 bbla. at SI ti per gallon Although there seems to n maad at present, bolder are Una at quotation YT staad that there was a sale of 200 bbls. ia Boston tut not before reported, at SI 50, aad a sale at the VlBes,'' like airount at the same price. ',r"o( Ia w tale oil we bear of only the sale of 200 bhl. to be at 55e per gall. 00,,- Ia whalebone nothing doing. The Government contract fur supplying 4.000 -il!o, oil, for the Light llou-e Department, his been" awariET C. H. Leonard at l 54 per gall. " i At Lndoa, Aug. 1 -th, a private letter reports th, ,A firm with no transaction during the week. Americas li onofed at 100? Colonial f 101 with an i..,.j There were very few parcels for sale except at higher So alteration" in soumern ou ur wuaie-xme. At Littm the Broker's Circular of the sacs date, says sperm oil hV? We.. erpn) At Has-re, Ang. 14th, whale oil was firm whalsboaa. Jes and prices nominal. WHALEMEN'S LIST. Tall Season of I860, at the Hawaiian Xsland3. Paitp?;:a foa tb Poltsus, Oct. 27, laeo. ARRIVED. Ahf Barker, Ploam, 400 tons, S B, Ang '57. Arr at Lav. Aug f:n Kc!:ak; 300 wh, 2500 b the season. Pld 8,'? for cruise and hone. Amtri.. Bryant, 41S tons, N B, Oct '57. Arr at Hon ft j and Bri:nl bar -t 90; ( wh 3i)0O b the season. Adrll OUif, Withlngton. 851 tons, F 11, Oct '57 Arr H Oct 12 fin Och, 2. wh 3O0O b the season. Braganza Turner. 470 tons, N B, No '59. Arr at Ueo V. 16 fin Arc; 1550 wh. S sp, 23000 b the season. 1 Bttrih. GonU1, Clark, 336 tons, N B Sept '5. Arr at Hob V. 14 fm Are; 950 wh WK) b the season. California, West. 39o tons, S B. Aug ZS. Arr Hon Oct U Och; 7. sp, ar5 wh 9000 b the season. ' Camilla, bis. Prentice, 429 tns.NB May 53. Arr Laha;na On 15; 700 wh fiOOO b the season. Ctefrne, bit, Simmons, 373 tons, ?f B Oct 59. Arr at Lalim. Oct 19 fm Arc; 5IM) wh I-2.SO b the season. Cituiinccmrt, Lehaste, 857 tons. lUrre Pec 59. . Arr Lalini Oct 14 fm Bristol bay; 65 sp, 110 wh, 1000 b the season j Oct 20 for N Z. ' " Corinthian, Lewis, 401 tons, N B Oct 53. Arr at Lahaina On 14 fm Bristol bay and Arc; 250 wh 3000 b the season. Sid (V. 2S for S Z. i Coral, bk. Sisson. 370 tons. X B, Oct "59. Arr Hon Oct 14n Och; 3-10 wh 4il b the season. Carolina, Hurding, 395 tons, S B Oct 5. Arr Hon Oct IT Och; 5IS wh, 40 sp, 4'XH) b the irnwn. Dromo, bk, Cole, 267 tons, Warr, Sot '57. Arr Hon Oct U'a Och; Soo wh 4ooo b the season. Erie, Jernegan, 451 tons, P II, Aug '57. Arr Lahaina Oct li Och; 55o wh 7ooo b the season. Emerald, bk. Pierce, S." Ins, N B, July '57. Arr Hon Oct U ; Arc; fc3 sp, 2oo wh ISoo b the season. Florrnct, bk, R G Spencer, 8i6 tns. Hon Dee 12. Arr Hob f Florida, Fish, 330 tons, N B, July '59. Arr Hon Oct 17 fa Arc, 7oo wh 12,ooo b the season. 7 ucn ticx hinj wn 14.000 n tne season. German bk. Lubbers, 400 tons, OIdh; Nov '59. I. Arr Hoa Oct lion Oct 13 )a 1 , fm Och; 1 000 wh 14, 000 b the season. Gwtut; Gilles, 454 tons, Havre, Oct '5a. Arr I Och; 5oo wh 5ooo b the season. Georg W'Hthington, Brightman, 374 tons, Wareham, Oct TT. Arr Hon Ort 14 fm Arc; 4.'i0 wh 8000 b the season. George A Unmn, Jones, 3M tns, N B, Sept 37. Arr Hon Oct li fm Och; S5 sp, looo wh 7 000 b the season. Good Rstum, Fish. 376 tns, N B, Oct Arr Lahaioa Oct U fm Kodiak and Bristol bay; 40 wh 4oo b the season. Cld (lei 23 for Line and coast of Chip. Brlen Snmr, bk, Nye, 299 tons, N B. Oct '57. Arr Lahaina Oct 15 fm Och; 7oo wh 6000 b the season. Cld Oct 22 for coast at 1'al. Helen 3far, bk. Worth, 87 tons, SB, Jan TT6. Arr LatHIu Oct 15 fm Arc; Soo wh 6600 b the season. MUma-, Little. tons, N B, July '57. Arr Lahaisa Ort 3 fm Och; loo wh l"iro b the season. Herrnle, bk. Athearn. 335 tons, X B, Sept '57. Arr LahauiaOct 16 fm Arctic; 7oo wh 1 0.000 b the season. Harmony, bk, Kelly, 816 tons, Hon Apr '60. Arr Hoa Ort 14 fm Bristol bay-, 3oo wh 25oo b the season. lahUa. bk. Tucker, 31a tons, N B Aug 'S9. Arr Lahaina Oct H fm Arctic, 150 hmphk. JireA Sirift. bk. Earl. 454 tons, X B, Ju! 'ST. Arr Hon Ort 13 fra Och; Hon wh 4ooo b the season. John WrIU. Woo.lbri.lfte, 36 tons, N B, Oct '57. Arr Hun Ort ii fm Och; 150 wh lfioo b the season. J Z Thotnpmm, bk. Crosby, 4.T.' tons, N B. Aug 'SB. Arr lioa Oct 20 fm Arctic; 220 wh 2.5oo b the season. Jrfhon. sh, Huntrin. 43T tons, S H, Sept, '57. Arr Tto Sjt '12 fm Kodiak, 250 w t 200ft b season. Sid fm Honolulu feut 24, fr N Zealand and home. Julian, Winegar. 356 tons. N B. Sept 'S?. Arr Hon Sept 1 !ta Bristol Bav; I whale the season. Mainmast and siirsf -it badly sprnnc Sid Ort 3, N Z. Lancaster, Russell. 33 tons, N B. Oct "58. Arr Lahaina Oct 20 fm Och; 3oo wh 3.oo b the season. Lvi, Neil, 8. us tns, N B July '57. Arr Hon Oct 16 fia Are; SaO wh. 3ooO b the season. Magnolia, Pierce. 896 tns, N B Jury 58. Arr Hon Ott 13 fin Arc: loo sp, 750 wh 12 000 b the season. Maietie, bk. Chester. 297 tons, N B. July '57. Arr Hon Oct 24 fm Och; 130 wh 13oo b the season. Martha, Manchester, 21 tons, F H, Nov '57. Arr Hoa Oct 14 fm Och; 4oo wh 45oo b the season. Metaeom, Hinds, 360 tons, N B July's". Arr Hilo 0 tl9!a Arc; 600 wh. Martfia, Billines.SIS tons, N B, Ang 57. Arr Hon C t 19 (la Arc; 5oo wh Xooo b the season. Mtait, bk, Pereival, 2t5 tns, Mattp, May TS. Arr al.aina Oct 16 fm Arc; 10 sp. 8K wh the season. Martha 2., bk, Dailey, 360 tons. N B July '53. Arr Hon Oct 22 fm Arc; 1050 wh 17,ooo b the season. Sary, Sarvent, 356 tons. N B, Aup '59. Touched eff Hon Oct 22 fm Arc; 6 whs. Sid same day for N Z. Ocean, Clark, 567 tons, N H, Aua '58. Arr Hon Oct 14 to Ko4 ami Bristol bay; 130 sp, loo wh l.Vo b the season. Onirard, Allen, 41 tns. N B, Oct '58. Arr Hon Oct 13 fm Och; I4oo wh l7,oo b the season. Otihu, hm h;, Rolfs, 164 tons, Hon. Arr Hon Oct 14 fm Arc; 35 wh 45oo b the seas. Ohio, bk, Barrett. 31 tons. X B, Nov '57. Arr Lahaina Oct I fm Och; foil wh the season. 0mlgee, Greene. 458 tns. EJirart, Nov '57. Arr Hon fiet 17 fm Arc; 9."s wh 12,ooo b the season. Omrga, sh, Sanborn. 363 tons. Edit, Oct '57. Arr Hoc Oct 4, fra Arctic, 700 wh, 14,' 00 h season. 0rar, bk. Landers. 369 tons, Mattap.Sep 57. Arr HoriOct 2 fm Och; 60 sp, 550 wh 7 000 h the season. t rariji.:, bk, Howland, 385 tons. N B June "59. Arr Laha a Oct 15 fm Och; lloo wh 11 00 b the season. Arr Hon Oc-. 25 fa Lahaina. Pioneer, bk. Barker, 231 tons, N B Aug '53. Arr Lahair.a Oct It fm Oct.; 135 wh IFoo b the season. PanJina, bk, Steen. 271 tons, N B, Oct '57. Arr Lahaina Oct 16 fm Arc; 3oo wh 3ooo b the season. ReUcea Duu. lLtwes, 400 tons, V H, Nov '57. Arr Hoa Oct 3 fin V1,; 1 171 wh 11, 000 b the seas. RrpuMit, Sever, 615 tons, Bremen , Oct '53. Arr Hon Oct 15 fm Arc; 4no wh 5ooo b the season. Rapid, Drew. 505 tons. N B Oct '56. Arr Ron Oct 15 .'m Och; 3o wh 3mk b the season. Rohf, t Morrison, lk. Tilion, 807 tons, NB, Au'57. Ajt Hoa Oct 20 fm Och; 2o sp, 600 wh 6000 b the season. S'Jirll, Gibhs. 4!W tons, F II, Sept '57. Arr Hon f3 15 to rei Coo wh lo.ooo b th season. Sliaron. Swift, s.m tons, f H. Snr '56. Arr Lahaina Oc. 15 fm Arc; :50 wh ll.ooo b the srton. St fironj'. Pra.e.4'S Ions. S B, Sept "57. Arr Hnn Oct 13 fm H-h; (A sp. 550 wh fiooe b the season. Tam'rUtnr, Winsinw, 357 tons. N B fct '5S. Arr Lahaip Ort i fm BrMol rmv: 1 wh lrx b the season. S1 Oct !, N Z. Trmprt, bk. Fish 330 tons, N L May '57 Arr Hon Ort 19 fm Arr; eon wh 7m0 b the season. Ihomnm Ave, H.Jiy. 461 tons, N B.Oct TT.T. Arr Lal.aica Oct 23 fin Och; 7oo wh 7oo b the season. Virtoria, hr, Fih.2oO tons, Hon. Arr lion Oct S fm Arr, 425 wh 1.000 b the season. Wailna. br. La-s, 264 tons, Hon, Dee, 5S. Arr Hon Oct 20 ft Arr; 6o wh 6000 b the season. ' C Sye, Soule, 3-9 tons. N B, Oct 17. Arr Hon Oct 5 from Arc; 7oo wh 12,ooo b the season. Sir! Oct 22 to cruise k hJie. WnaW. Conppey. 655 Ions. Havre, Oct 'if. Arr Hon Oct fm Och; 4oo wh 45oo b the season. ASTROXO.MIC.4L. PIMSM OP THE M.lON IN NOVEMBER. ? dhms I dhmls Last Quarter. 5 10 4T, 4.S A.M. First Quirter. 19 10 21 00 P.M. New Moon 12 2 4 4V A.M.' Full Moon 59 I ( ! P H. POLYNESIAN MARINE- JflUKK.U. PORT OF HONOLULU. Arrived. Oct 30 Am wh sh America, Bryant, N B, 418 tns, 87 men, 34 mos out, fm Arctic, 200 wh, 3O00 b the season, I4 wh, 30ii0 b en brd, 160 sp, 1,650 wh, 22000 b the voy-S. Haw br Victoria, Fish, 200 tns, 25 men, 6 mos out. fia Arctic, 425 wh, 6N0 h the season, Ivory, furs. JkioJ. sables and hone pnrehased by trade. Haw br Waia'ua, Lass, 2'-4 Ins, 15 ssen, 82 mos out, ha Arctic, hi 10 wh. riooo b the seas. Am wh sh Speedwell, I H, Gibbs, fm Lahaina; reported in Lahaina li.'.t. t Sch Henry, Kivierre. fns ports on Maul, with native pro. dure ami SW psvseng-ers. Sch Msria, Marehant, fm Kona, with 25 bay cofret lot of native produce, 3 rahui and 106 native passengers. Sch Nettie Merrill, Borrrs. fm Hilo and Kohala, with 68 kecs Misur, 14 bale polo, 150 hides, 8 bullocks, two horses, 3o sheep, fowls and turkey. cabin aad 60 native passengers. Am wh bk J D Thompon. I'roehy, N B, 43 tns, 3J ssen, 56 mos out, fm Arctic, 220 wh, 2SK b the season nod on bd, 90" wh, IO000 b vge. Pr wh sh Winslow, Couppty, 60 tns, Havre, 43 men. 24 mos eat, fm Och. 4w wh, 4500 b sews, (Mn) wh, 90t4 b rre, SOW wb, 45uo b on brd. , Mi Kekaalaohi, Milne, fm Kona, with 54 bales! aad X? br pulu. 1000 jroat skins, 30 hides, SI0O Vrn coffee, 4uu lb bean, I bbl slash, 13 bbls be', 40 deck passen-jrers. Am wh bk Robert Morrison, Tilton, N B, 307 tons. SI men, 8 mos ont, fm Ochot.k, 120 sp, 00 wh, 6000 b seas 173 sp, 2200 nh, 23000 b vge, 120 so, 1400 wh, 6000 b on bd. Si-Am wh sh Rebecca Hlmnt, Have. P H, 400 tees, 37 men, 85 mo eut, fm Och, 1 174 wh. 1 MOO b seas, SO sp, 1,700 wh, 15,700 b vge, 1:150 wh, 11000 b en bd. 99 Am rh bk Oscar. Landers, Mattapoiett, 3t9 tons, 38 men, 37 mo out, fm Och. 69 sp, ftjO wh, 7000 1 season 125 sp, 1350 bbls wh, 7000 b on bd, 2200 wh, 125 sp, 27'SJO b Tire. Rch Odd Fellow, Candae, Im sort on Kauai, with 15 cor -is Arewcod, 51 mats sotrar, 10 kegs syrap, U bale funiru, 17 bides, 1 eahia and S deek passengers. Am wh bk Martha 2d, Oaiiy, N B, 360 tjma, 97 mos oaf, 3i snsn. fm Arctic. 1050 wb 17000 b the seasol sJ on hoard, 179 sp 1430 wh 23,520 b th voyaf I Haw sch Mary tllen, Ko,lm Koloa. eords brood. Am wh bk Navy. 8arvnt, N B, 356 loan, 14 asaeoui. tm Arctic. ISO o 224 wh 4000 the- ssasoa aaa-voy. . st. Lay off aad o th pott and tailed fo. N tame day.

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