The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 15, 1950 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, September 15, 1950
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLVI—NO. 152 BlytlMTill. BlytbefUl* NOT* UytlMvUl* Herald AKD .o'rjTMAgr MIMODKI BLYTHEVILLE.. ARKANSAS, FRIDAY. gEITEMBER 15, 1950 U.S. FORCES IN VADE WEST CO AST OF KOREA lay final action on [he $1508,000,000 general tax-boosting bill—and postpone the effective date beyond Oct. 1—was eliminated yesterday when efforts to put a $6.000,000,000 excess profits levy in the present bill fniled in the House. . Speaker Rayburn ruled if was too late.to insert new matter Into the tax bill, which has already passed both Houses in somewhat different forms and'How awaits a smoothing- out job by a House-Senate conference committee. More Die* In Senate By a 331 to 2 vote, the House Immediately approved a resolution calling upon the tax wilting com ' mittee* In both charnbe/v due* excww *^ * Then the senate fell to fighting 'over whether to go along. It voted to stick .by what it aj^cady had said .on the matter (action next : jan- -u*ry) Senator .O'Mahoney (D'rWypI -moved to reconsider this decision. •He was'.beaten,' 36 to 34. ,.'.': "" : The House - Senate .conference .committee',' already :at work infor- •rnally, now: .will seek:! to. iron out differences between the two chambers in the general lax bill. , Chairman George (D-Ga) ol the ; 8enale Finance Committee said an agreement might be reached by Saturday. ,<v Boy Scouf Government Day Planned § Plaps for a Boy Seoul govern- ^nt day were announced today by James Gardner, chairman of the Blythevllle Junior Chamber of Commerce's state Youth Committee. • October B has been set as the liay the Scouts will learn of their city government by performing duties of various officers. Each of Ihe city's Iroops and Explorer units, n-iil elect aldermen, firemen, policemen and other city officers. .They will spend one day running the city. Mr. Gardner pointed out tha Hike in Income Taxes Oct.1 Almost Certain ii™ J VA P U1 ? GTON ' SGPL 15 -' < AP) ~ An M . 1 boost in income taxes for more than 50,800,000 Americans was practically assured today, because Congress decjded not to delay the tax bill for an excess profits tax at this time. Both the House and Senate have* declared In favor of passing an excess profits tax later, and making It apply retroactively to either one- half or one-fourth of 1950 corporation income. So little doubt remains that there : will be a mulll-blUIon- dollar levy on big profits and that It will apply to part of 1950 income. But it's uncertain whether Congress will come back after the November elections to pass such a bill or put it off for the new 82nd Congress in January. Holdv Position , The Senate last night,'affer R hot debate, refused to join the House in a resolution that called for the writing of the excess profits bill as "early as practicable" during the present session of Congress. The present Congress goes out of exis- *pnce Jan. 3. The Senate, Instead, Juck to its action taken previously, ,;hen it wrote into the general tax bill a provision to take up the retroactive excess profits tnx In January. So the matter ol timing on that measure remained up !n the air, bub meantime there apparently is no major tax obstacle to an early Congressional recess. The snag thnt threatened to <Ie- —Courier News Photo HONOKKI) FOR SERVICE-J. L. Gunti (left) congratulates H. I,. Banister (center) after presenting 10-year service pins to him and Mrs. B. A. Bugg last night at the monthly nteeting of the Red Crocs Chapter here. They are the first to receive such awards. Red Cross Members Receive 10-Year Pins The first 10-year service pins to be awarded any member of the Chickasawba District Chapter of the American Red Cross were presented last night to R. L,. Banister and Mrs. B. A. These awards were presented att> -H£ S^S 1 *' i Blc l nt hly board meet "*~ . HmiM ]asl nj BUBS. for the past 12 year and has signed every check drawn against .the chapter's accounts since 1038. ' .'••-.,' Mrs. Bugg has served Ihe.'chapter as homevnursing chairman for Ihe past, 10 years and has been a member of the'board.of directors for the past .five, years. ' '•: They rire the first two members ot the. chapter to give -10 consecutive years of service to the Red Cross here. Ini other action last night. * com- mitlee vras appointed to find nen office space for the chapter. The present office on the third floor ot the Court House here Ls scheduled to be taken over July ! by Chancellor-Elect W. Leon Smith. B. G West was appointed chairman of this committee. E. j. Cure and No ble Gill will serve with him. C. E. McWaters .was named cochairman, of the chapter's Disaster eet j ight 1 If t t\ f Pi Western Defense ^ Decisions Loom , committee Holder. to serve with Worth ' Sicgbert Jiedcl, chairman of'the nuance committee, announced that a meeting of that group will be held at 3:30 p.m. Monday in the chapter office to plan the 1951 budget. Members of this committe include R. A. Porter. Dick White, C. W. Tipton, Mr. Cure and the Rev. E II. Hall of Dell. Olher members of the board pres cut last night Included Hermon Carlton, L E. Old. Jr., E. R. Mason, Mrs. C. Modingcr, Mrs. W. W. Shaver ..and Mrs.- Floyd Haralson. fining win be held to a minimum. I RftfirA nl~T~*.A~ "Scant, government day ivlll bej uuura °" • TOde Scout government tfav n-lll • n^ucational event primarily." he - Further plans, he said, will be announced later. Weqther Arkansas forecast: Partly cloudy with a few thmidershwers this af- THUNDER SHOWERS tcrnoon and in north portion tonight and Saturday. A little wann- er In the north portion tonight. Missouri forecast: Mostly cloudy with occasional showers tonight tndi tat.irday Not so cool cast and south tonight. Low lonlghl 65 xnilhwast: high Saturday. TO's Minimum this mornlng-59 Maximum yesterday—75 Sunset today—6:07. Sunrl.sc lomorrow- -5-43 Precipitation 24 hours 'to 7 a.m. today—.45. Total since Jan. 1—5205 Mean lemperature (midway between high and low) 67 Se^i^'z mea " temperature for Thin D*le !.»* vear Minimum thK mornlus-S5 Maximum }cslcrdtiy_74 PreflpIUtlon Jan, l ( 0 tm s dale t/. L. Ward. Jr., planter and gin- ncr of Blytheville. has succeeded J. P McC.illa as president of the Bly- tlievillc Board of Trade. Elections were conducted In an annual meeting of the membership Wednesday night. The Board also elected six new members to Its board of directors. They are J. L.'Gunn, Lby Welch, Lloyd Stickmon. E. J. Cure. Ray Price and J. p. Montandon. Mr. Montandon was also elected vice- presittcnt. J. P. I.entl was re-elected secretary-treasurer. New York Stocks Closing Quotations: A T fc T .. Aticr Tobacco Anaconda Copper IJzth. Steel •. Chrysler [ Gen Electric .'..'.'.'.'. Gen Movers . ... Montgomery Ward ] N Y Central ... ['.. tnl Harvester J C Penney '.'.','" Republic Steel Radio . - Socony Vacuum"!"' Studebakcr ; S'andard ,of N : '\r'V'" Texas Corp ..-;,"> Packard •..'::>"." U f> Sltel „ ••••••• * * " * . . IM 5-8 ... 64 1-4 ... 36 1-4 .. 43 ... 11 3-4 ... 47 1-2 ... 94 1-2 .. 58 7-8 .. 15 1-2 .. 11 1-4 .. 64 1-4 .. 39 3-8 .. 18 ,.' 23 J-2 i. 31 1-4 .. 85 3-8 .. 74 3-4 .. 41-2 .. 39 5-8 ., « 7-4 1 Revolutionary Plans Expected as Result Of Poet Group Meet *T JOHN' HIGHTOWER NEW YORK, Sept. 15. MV-Deci- siohs that will revolutionize the defenses of the West against possible Russian aggression are expected to be taken by the North Atlantic Treaty,Council which opens a two- day meeting here today. The foreign ministers of the United States, Britain and France, lnd[r'atcd by their joint announcement, will recommend that the 12-halion council take "immediate effective steps" [o create in Western Europe a unified military force capable of turning back any Red assault from the East. In addition, Secretary of State Dean Acheson. with Ihe assent of British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin and French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman, will propose that p-ovislon be made for this force to include German units. To Follow Majority Schuman. in the opinion of diplomatic experts, has thus put himself In position to be guided by the iv 111 of the majority on this controversial issue. agues of America reinforcements to tell his coll p.lans to send Germany soon but to emphasize t.iat the fulfill- cnt of those plans depend on the willingness of the Atlantic Pact allies to do their tull share In defense preparations. The big power ministers completed a three-day conference schedule here last night with an admission that much of the work they set out to accomplish had not been finished today. The council mccls today and Saturday; the Big Three therefore decided lo reconvene Monday to wind up unfinished pro- ro- jects, mostly concerning Germany. 'Preventotive' Fight with Reds Given Support By KLTON C. FAY .••'*P Military Affalri Reporter WASHINGTON, 6ept. 15. (API- Talk of atomic war with Russia, in eluding a preventive attack on her before .she can drop the first bomb Is reaching unprecedented proportions. Significantly, »onie of it comes from among the nation's lawmakers, elected by the people to express their views In the shaping of American policy. • Should it be considered indicative of a possible profound change in the traditional thinking, of Americans, always averse to lighting? It such a trend fa setting in the sole cause for it is Russia herself Nothing but fear of Communist aggression, culminating In attack upon the United Slates, could compel Americans to abandon deliberately soft and abundant peacetime living for a devastating war. Indeed, the decision to go. Into the Korean war and to begin general rearmament sprang from the same .cause Wanfs Kremlin A-Bomtwd The latest discussion of preventive atomic war comes from a member of the Senate Aimed Services committee. Senator Russell (D-Ga) He told reporters yesterday that "to keep on saying to the American people and the world that we will not strike first and that we will wait until our land Is.desolated and our cities made crematoriums for our dead is just plain fooli«h." Russei thought the "first two or three bombs ought tq-hlt the Kremlin. Russell had praised a recent comment by Secretary or the x Na\j Flatten P Matthews Miegestlng preicnthe nai as one way to "compel peace. 1 ' Unhappily for 'Matthews, he had neither the freedom nor Immunity of . Senator. The State Department, with White House approval, said the comment didn't reflect American policy. Other Senators had talked earlier about atomic war. Senator Olin D. ojhnston (D-SC) told a las Angeles audience Wednesday he thought 'the U.S. should serve notice on Russia that , her next act ot aggression would mean this country would "carry the fight to the very heart of Communist aggression, Russia itself." KxpecU War Sooner Before that. Senator Ixiug <D-La) hart cautioned that Instead of expecting a war might occur In the next six. eight or ten years ••» lot of us realize we better lower our slghU and expect Ihat war might occur within the next year or within the next two years, probably more likely one than two." When that comes, he said. "15 to 30 of our larger cities will have atomic bombs dropped on them In the tir.il week or two." Senator Stcnnis <D-Miss> said In a speech in his state that he understood " ~ " "450 the United States has more fullgrown atom! bombs" which he said was enough 'for 50 bombs to each major Russian industrial city." siennls didn't say the bombs should be u-ed on Russia now. Whatever the source of the Senator's Information, the military and the Atomic Energy Commission are following a policy of tightest secrecy regarding the actual number of plant .pathologist*. Nor, with one exception, have :hey had anything to say about preventive war. Ma]. Gen. Orvill Anderson was suspended as commandant of the Air War College in Alabama after he had expressed some thoughts about readiness lo drop bombs on Russian atomic bomb lasts." Most of those who consider the possibility of atomic war with Russia have thought of It in terms of long range missions by B-3« and other United States bombers ca See ATOM WAR on P»jf. It Marines, Infantry Storm into Inchon Behind Red Lines ,^rrlA. 1 ™' b !> rdme '! 1 ? '"»» »""taS." s rom British and American warships, the Leathernecks landed first— at 6:3C a.m. (3:30 p.m. CST, Thursday). Eleven hours later, the U.S. 10th Army Corps went ashore. Led by tanks, they miles Into Inchon on lunge. . General Douglas MacArthur, the he said: er shone more brightly than thi —Courier News Photo WHITE SPEAKS AT OSCEOI,A-Assistant Secretary of Agriculture K. D. While (center) Is shown above as he Is greeted by Harold Ohlendorf, president of the Mississippi County Farm Bureau, at a meeting of county cotton men at the Court House In Osccola. Looking on is Stanley Carpenter of Oeceola. chairman of the South Mississippi county Farm Bureau cotton committee, which sponsored the meeting. Assistant Agri Secretary Sees Shortage — Farmers Warned of Pricing Cotton Out of World Market ™Hnn E f a ?' VVhile ' : 1S? / SU !: •? i;<:rel "'-y of «trnciilttii-e, | HS 1 ni B hf. warned Mississippi County ^~^J^^ Soybean Freight Rate Increase Suspended W s Johnston, general agent for the Frisco Salhoad heie, said this morning that the five and one half cents (re| B ht rale Inciease on /he sjjippliij of soybeans for eKporl'haH been sdipeiirted tcmpo.arily by til railroads In this area. Mr. Johnston stated that he was notified of the suspension by telephone this morning and that the suspension was to become effective immediately. The rate Increase was to have become effective today. • Cause of the suspension action was not learned. Railroads were to have Increased the soybean export freight rate from 19 and one-half cents per hundred pounds to 25 cents effective today, Mr. '.Johnston said, but due to the suspension action soybeans shipped for export during the i960 harvest season will be accepted at the old rate. Mr. Johnston stressed that (he suspension nol only applies to the Frisco Railroad but to all railroads operating in tills area. Railroads voted the rate increase last month In suite of the protetU of various farm organizations, including the American Farm Bureau. May Be Telling Blow Later he said the deep amphibious penetration might break the backl wnc of the Korean Red army rim«. i™ .v, 30 "" 1 Kolea » Marines landed at fhT fi ? S! c E " mc Ume o» Korea's east coast. Ihelr first These coordinated thrusts deep In United Nations commander who offensive planned the bold operation,;was on This was the rinv nt i,,r i. <,j hand lo direct the .and.ngs. And coming ^VUrta.'" "b fj £.' '•JEW and Marines have nev- ^,^^5^0^ Farm Bureau Chooses Nov. 24 For Annual Meeting in Osceola VerticiIlium Wiffr Check Is Delayed By Wet Ground Rain-soaked fields yesterday caused postponement of an investigation Into the seriousness of vcr- tlcllllum wilt in the county's cotton crop. Tlie check was to have been made by two University of Arkansas * The Mississippi County Farm 'Bureau last night sot Nov. H ns the date for Its annual meeting to be held In Osccola, Harold Ohlcn- dorf, bureau president, said today. The bureau also, In n meeting at ^~^L™< -V^-'-Wr-uTO . County Agent Keith Bilbrey said that Dr. E. M. Cralley of the University of Arkansas «nd Dr. Robert 3. Enige of the Arkansas Extension Service had to call off scheduled touri of the county's cotton fields due to the condition of the fields. However, they are to return next week to complete their Invesliga- on. The two palhologlsts scheduled the nvestigallon tours after Dr. Cralley had termed the will in Mississippi the "worst he has ever . Next week the two planl expert* search work on the disease. Osccola, named a resolutions committee to prepare resolutions lor the Stole Farm Bureau mectini!. H C. Knappcnbcrger of Blythevllle was named chairman. Chris Tompklns of Burrittte was chosen chairman of a nominating committee for the selection of next year's officers. Other committee members arc J. E, Drain of Wilson A C. Own™* of Blytheville, A. C. Spellings of West Rtdgc and Leroy Carter of Lcachville. Cotton week activities of Ihe past year were discussed with members voicing their approval of the .week and voting to continue the event last year. Mr Ohlcndorf Ihe bureau r ureau concluded Its meeting by recognizing certain problems and hazards of anhydrous ammonia. It wss agreed that safety schools should be conducted and that a "How to Handle Anhydrous Ammonia" program should be arranged for the county. House Committee Okays Appointment of Marshall WASH IJSGTON Spn! IS fjl>t na»» n .* > m. . oim. 13. vti— pectert to act quickly on the Mar-1 Marshall , , ,. . I^"°"1 Arhlcd Services Com- shall legislation. A . hls ' .,-,, „„„.,„, " d ™ • *""»' other Republican, . Sept. 15. (a*i— The House Armed Services Committee today approved legislation o permit Gen. George C. Marshall to serve as secretary of defense "he vote was IB lo n. Chairman Vinson (D-Gal announced the vote. The Senate Armed Services Committee had previously approved the legislation. ~h« opposing votes In Ihe House Mnmiltee were cast .by Republlins: ^ , ^ Reps. Short of Missouri, Arends 01 Illinois, Shsfer of Michigan. Ehon of Ohio, Towe of New Jersey, aavln of Pennsylvania and Meyer of Kanm. conference j'fstcr- ( ™ w "» iie*s Luiuereijce jTstcr- He l s barred from the office now day, Mr. Truman declined to discuss by the law that created the job lh « resignation of Johnson. He said In 1947. One provision says the " secretary may not be a man who has seen active duty as a commis- —-•• "«-vi*t IMIL./ RA ft conunis- Moiied officer In the armed forces In the past 10 years. Marshall, wartime army chief of staff,'has. President Truman chose Marshall lot the job after accepting the resignation of Secretary Louis Johnson, who quit Tuesday amid accusations by political 'enemies that he had sacrificed national ac- c"riiy in the name of economy. The President asked. Contrast to It was > closed Incident. ra*M*e KxpecleH The Senate Armed Services Committee has already approved the bill lo permit Marshall to serve, and lla passage was a foregone conclu- <lon. The Senal* had hoped lo act last night, but lengthy controversy over other legislation prevented ed forces should civilian grasp. that. There. a scattering o( opposition, but It did not appear likely to do more thin delay the measure briefly. Rep? Hoffman (R-Mlrh) let fly a -~* •• • ^— r i..ii — M lcdl _ vidiial. Several other Republicans In the House and Senate have said they plan to oppose the bill on the ground that control of the arm- slay firmly in Hoffman said In a statcmcnl thai Marshall Is "not qualified" and is • cilhcr willing lo sacrifice the truth of political expediency" or too forgetful lo be a good secreUry. Senator Morse (R-Qre), however, champion Marshall for his "leadership and knowledge C f world affairs • and said both Marshall and Gen, Dwlght Eisenhower are needed "if we are to ael pur' country i cunry „„,, a position quickly enough to meet Mar thrwl Speaking .1 the Osceolj Coiirt House at a meeting sponsored by the cotton committee of the Mississippi County Farm Bureau, Mr. White told more than 100 planler.i and farmers that now is the time to sl?.e up home markets, export demands, foreign competition and consider means for stabilizing col- ton prices to retain important world markets, "After a 15-year fight of surplus we now;:hsve a scarcity of cotton," Mr. white ,,ald, "anil this scarcity coupled'wlth'30-year high price ot 40 cents per pound pose* a serious threat to the cotton farmers because If we can't meet the demands of our world market at a stabilized price, some other Industry or fiber Is going to fill those needs." "The United Stales normally tup piles about 50 per cent of the world's cotton exports, but we probably will not produce the 16 or 17 million bales needed to supply domestic needs and retain our foreign markets In lost. "Im not saying we can't produce this amount, but. I do .wy we tisve done It perhaps only twice In the pi'sl 30 years. The o. s. has produced as much as 19,000.000 million bales and as little as B.000,000 bales In the past. Consumption Movei Up "During the past year, cotton consumption has passed production both at home and abroad—particularly In Europe which has made more of a recovery from World War U than many ot us realize. ''The real danger in the impending cotton scarcity is that Europe one of our largest Importers, has only so .many dollars to spend— ECA dollars—and therefore If our cotton price skyrockets, the number oi bales they can Import will be automatically reduced because they can't buy more than they have money to spend. "Then, In connection with that. if our supply Is short, we will face a real Invasion by the synthetic fibers." World population increases by about 20,000,000 every two decades Mr. White explained, and someone has to clothe those persons. If we can't supply cotton to this lucrative market, he said. i he n hey will turn to some synthetic fiber which will be supplied In quantity at a price they can afford. ' Ravfln Nevtr Quits This would open the door to the Installation and expansion of rayon plants, Mr. white further said "and when a rayon plant Is opened. It See COTTON on r»jre n Courier News to Coi* 25 Cents Per Week Beginning Oct. I As of Oct. I, your Courier News will cost 25 cents per week. Publisher Harry w. Halnes today announced the second subscription rate increase for the paper In over 25 years, He pointed out that production costs which have been on the rise since 1941 coupled with newsprint shortages and resultant hiRh prices have made the higher rates necessary. rtates to mall subscribers living wilhln the Hlythevllle trading area wV) be Increased to «5 per year, one dollar more than the current rate, Soybeans CHICAGO, Sept. 15 <j-,_ soybean quotations: High Low 2.44 2,411 2.43 •Closing Close Oct. 2.41 ' 2.43" 0 . . - —•• *"iuoi;> IIL-U]I in Red territory . were the klckoff of the long-awaited United Natiom North Ko. Mth Farnl. Since that time. In V country / 'Slilly larger In area than Utah, (he allies had been shoved southward on the mountainous peninsula Into a box beachhead on the southeast, The beachhead had WW""K ™T !>rc ' 1 10 "S»ly.50 mile* necricu[ TOd " P - Sma " ertllanCo «It was some 165 miles to the northwest of this beachhead that MacArllmr was throwing his main counter-punch. Will, warships damming heavy' shell., into concealed Red shore positions, the AlarlHes landed on Wol- ml Island. It Is connected to Inchon proper by a half-mile causeway. M»rine« Under Fire Carrier planes slammed rockets «l the shore guns, too, but the Marines still were under heavy Hr, But they planted the American nag an Wolml's highest hill within 33 minutes after landing. A general headquarters comimm- ciue said the strongly-defended h- Innri wa« captured "with a mlnl- mlim of,casualties.^' , .• 'A Naval summiry «ald the Naval bombardment. and Jellied • gasoline bombs spread hy fighters literally burned out wooded Wolml Islahd So close was" the timing, the bombardment stopped a sfim 15 seconds before the Marines hit the beach The Infantrymen were held back to take advantage of Inchon's exceptionally high tide. At B-30 pm (2:30 a.m. CST), they went ashore' They drove'two miles Into'Inchon, a city of 300,000, within thirty mir,- Associated Press Correspondent Relman Morln with the forces reported brown pillars of smoke billowed Info the overcast sky, ;-nt up by the shells of the warships. Then a light rain fell. Morln described the Marine landing as "a gem of military precl- •on." He reported U. S. tanks were Billing less than 15 minutes after the first Leatherneck crossed tha bombed-out beach. Trying Plncfrrj 'Mora The main objectives: to cut Red communications in the Inchon Seoul bottleneck and then crush the Communists In a giant nutcracker between the 'Jaws of the Inchon expeditionary force and the American Eighth Army In the southeastern beachhead. MBcArlliur said the Reds now lack the strength lo battle, both allied forces simultaneously. Correspondent Brines said MacArthur plans lo remain In Korea Indefinitely to conduct what may be the decisive campaign of the The allied landing forces were ,r , Jstron B«t assembled since World war II. m size they compared with the biggest amphibious operation In the pacific during the Japanese war. Brines reported 282 ships put the Marines and Doupli- hoys ashore there. In the fleet were 191 and protected them American an vessels, 12 British, three Canadian two Australian, two New Zealand one French, one Dutch. 32 U. S. ships leased to Japan and the balance South Korean. The Inchon beachhead was softened up by a two-day naval and air bombardment In mid-week. Six American destroyers nnd four cruisers— two of them Uritish— lobbed shells Into shore installations. Cnr- rier planes streaked over a 210- mllc western coastal strip hitting airfields, troops and gun emplacements. While the Inchon landings wera See KOREA en Page 12 N. O. Cotton Oct Dec Mar May July Open High Low closa . ... 4023 4(M6 4032 4C94 . ... 4075 4095 4055 40S9 ---- 4071 4039 40S3 .... 40U 4072 4034 ---- 3982 4010 3D12 40S7 4066 3999 New York Cotton Dec. I Mar. ____ , . . 2.4S14 2.16 'i May Open.High Low Close 4100 41M '4073 4117 4097 4115 4074 411J «9-T 4119 4078 4i!8 4072 4089 404* 4089 400» 4034 MM *»1

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