The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 25, 1950 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 25, 1950
Page 8
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•KBT (ARK.) COURIER NEWS WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1950 , THE BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE COURIER NEWS CO. H. W. HAINES, Publisher JAMES L. VERHOEFF, Editor PAUL D. HUMAN, Advertlsln* Uaatfer Bolt National Advertising Representative!; Willie* Wltmer Co, New York, Chlc»«o. Detroit, Atl»nt», Mem phi*. Entered M second class matter tt the port- oHlce at Blytheville. Arkansas, under act ol Contress, October i, 1911. Member of The Associated Pre» SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier in the city ol Blytheville or any suburban town where carrier service li maintained, 20e per week, or 85c per month By mail, within a rndius ol 60 miles M 00 per year, »2.M for six months, »1.00 for three months; by mall outside SO mile lone, 110.00 per year payable In advance. Meditations With tood will doln( MTVlce, M to the Lord, and not to men:—Kpheslans B:l. # * * Let not man be sorry he has done good, because others concerned with him have done evUI If i man has acied right, he has done well, though alone; If wrong, the sanction of all mankind will not justify him.—Fielding. Barbs The best way to keep your employer off your toes Is to keep on them yourself. . » « According to statistics half the women marry before they are twenty-five. Maybe because It lakes them so Ion* fo reach that a»e. * * • A Hungarian tailor pleaded insanity for proposing to 18 girls, all o! whom accepted. He likely went crazy trying to get out of the mess. * * * By this time, most of fh« Christmas toys have been stepped on or tripped over. * * * Gold bricks have come back—judging from some of the builders' estimates. ol tht without luccumbinr to th« accompanying weaknesses. Somehow thig seems » more sensible process than tossing the «cojiomie advantages away just to get back to the human levels of the old handicraft days. We Need a Broad Example Housing Expediter Tighe Woods sayg a survey shows rents bounded up 16 to 41 per cent in six big cities freed o£ federal rent controls. The communities studied were Dallas and Houston, Tex., Salt Lake City, Topeka, Kan., Knoxville, Tenn., and Jacksonville, Fla. Woods says the longer controls have been off the higher have rents risen. This is an answer, he adds, to those who claim that after an initial climb the rents in a decontrolled city will level off and even drop. It seems to us that six cities are too few for sweeping generalities. There may be no other big ones to survey, since controls still covet- most oC them. But that's no excuse for drawing broad conclusions from a mere half dozen instances. Lei's wail until we have the makings ol' a trend before we start gesturing in wide arcs. GM Effort to Solve Problem Of Bigness Is Encouraging General Motors made the financial pages the other day with a story that deserves wider attention. It announced that its 1949 net profit probably will top ; ?600,000,000. If so, that will be the biggest profit ever rung up by any company in the United States. Could GM somehow get out of paying any income taxes, that profit would ' be a whopping $1,100,000,000.' Back in the early New Deal days, such a sum would have equaled a fourth of'the revenues the federal government was drawing in. But even that figure doesn't give you ; a fiill idea of GM's huge operations. Its 1949 sales total ot $5,500,000,000 is a better key. That's roughly the amount this country spent on. foreign aid in the Marshall Plan's first year. All this means General Motors is not only a tremendous corporation—it is a sort of government within the government. What it does affects not only millions of its customers and stockholders. It concerns vitally the welfare of the 400,000 people who work for GM. It's as if the company controlled a city about the si7.e of New Orleans or Newark, N. J. Inevitably, GM has a great deal to say about the kind oC life those. 400,000 live. Because so many people are directly affected, a corporation the size of General Motors must be operated as s\ public trust. It can't make capricious decisions without regard to their multiplying effects on the lives of many human beings. Right now big corporations are under fire just for being big..The theory is that \vl\ev\ they're so large they crush —or can crush—virtually all serious competition. We aren't concerned here about that aspect of the problem. We're thinking only of what bigness does to the people who come into immediate contact with it. General Motors, to its credit, is aware that bigness has human disadvantages as well as economic advantages. The great corporation tends to be impersonal, distant, inflexible, immovable. GM is trying to do something about f t it. The company is not pulled by a single set of strings hel din New York or Detroit. Perhaps more than any sizable company in the nation, it is governed by the men who head its scattered individual units. Says itn board chairman, Alfred P. Sloan: "We operate a free competitive economy within ourselves. Our competition is one division against another, as well as against firms on the outsido." Whether by its rule of wide freedom within its broad bounds GJ1 manages to overcome the weaknesses of great si?.e, we do not profess to s:iy with confidence. But we find encouragement in GM's effort to solve the problem on its own initiative. It is trying to save the gains Views of Others Yea, Verily, Familiarity Breeds Contempt To Protect the Taxpayer If every tax legally owed the Government were collected, i believe the budget could be balanced without resorting to any tax increases. —Rep. A. J. Forancl (Dem., R. I.) Whether Representative For and is right In saying that the detection ol tax-dodgers alone could balance the federal budget depends more or lews on guesswork. Sonic have estimated the ix>s- siblc additional revenue from this source as In^ri as five billion dollars a year—just about the amount of the deficit. President Truman arid Secretary Snyder use the more modest figure ot a billton or a billion and a half. Incidentally, there probably are more Individuals who arc willing to take a chance on cheating the local or the state tax collectors than arc willing to run the risk of trouble with the federals. So this U not a problem for Washington alone. The leak is big enough to be well worm stopping on every level. In his budget message, Mr. Truman requested an additional $23.000,000 to hire 3000 more uuerual revenue enforcement agents. It would be strange economy if Congress were to disallow tins Item. But Congress should also give thought to the tax leaks which these agents cannot plug. These are the dodges which wear the K°WU of the law. Most of these abuse legitimate exemptions per-' milted for religious, educational or chflrKaDle purposes. Many of them take the form of trust iumis ostensibly set up for these purposes. Firms or individuals give money or property to such trusts, and that takes it off the tax books. The trouble is that in altogether too many eases none or little of the hioiipy* Is used for benefactions. Officers of the donor corporation or members ot the individual donor's family are put in charge of the trusts. The property may continue to be used for its original purpose in return for a nominal fee. And various blue-sky financial devices have been used to allow the donor to use other assets of his trust. Senator Tobey has shed considerable light ou such flim-flam operations. President Harold Stasscn of the University of Pennsylvania only the other day scored educational institutions which lend themselves to dodges of this sort. A broader investigation and a lightening of the laws is in order. On the local level, Milwaukee and other cities are beginning to be concerned about the amount of property within their Hmit.s which I* lax exempt. At a luue when mayors and aldermen are lind- Ing it tnore and more difficult to meet municipal expenses, such situations certainly will bear reexamination. It is obviously unfair to loati heavier and heavier tax burdens on some citizens and business firms while others carry no part ol the load at all. Most ol the exemptions probably represent more or less hidden subsidies to churches, schools, colleges, hospitals, orphanages and the like. Many of these institutions are hard pressed, if aid should be denied them In this form, it would have to be provided In some other form. The community cantiot afford to lose their social services But it is unfortunately true that these exemptions have become the cloak for a not very genteel racket. One Eastern school, for example, has sent "salesmen" around the country offering business men a chance to lighten their tnx burden, speaking at (tie convention of the Association ol American Colleges, Mr. Stassen protested against the ntousc of educational tax-exemptions as unfair competition with business enterprises which pay their U-gUimate taxes. It is because of abuses such as these (hat all governments, federal, state and local, should make a thorough study of lax exemptions. They should find out what exemptions are costing them. And they should find out how many ot incrn are worth it. —ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH Isolated Afghanistan May Aid Communists' Asiatic Campaign Th* DOCTOR SAYS A sudden, shai-p pain In the chest accompanied by » short, dry cough always 'pises the suspicion of an attack of pleurisy. The pain may be felt anywhere In the chest but Is frequent In the lower part n front. Coughing does not bring up any sputum. Some lever is usually present. Coughing, or even taking a deep breath, always make.< the pain worse. Acute pleurisy can start at any time, but Is especially likely after exposure to cold. Infection is present, though Just where this comes from is often uncertain Sometimes pleurisy Is simply a complication o! some other disease, such as pneu- who suffers fror monia. The person So They Say m acute pleurisy should be confined to bed. It is not always easy lo relieve the severe pain. Sometimes cold applications or even pain-killing drugs may be required. One form of treatment is to strap the painful side with a wide piece of adhesive tape which prevents of (he clxst movements which By He Will Mac Ken/I* AT Foreign Affairs Analyst The Isolated and mountainous state of Afghanistan, heretofore regarded as anil-Communist and for generations n buffer between Russia and the Indian Peninsula, suddenly has begun orienting lier foreign relations toward Red Moscow. That's a development, which easily could create a further threat to tha vast- peninsula (now comprising th« new nations of Pakistan and India) from (he swelling communist offensive in Asia. The reason for this .startling shift in Afghan sentiment Is due to Hie heated quarrel between Afghanistan and neighboring Pakistan over the territory suromiding the famous Khybe Pass svliich lie.i between them. „ ^ Neutral '/one Causes DUnute ft During the British rule of the peninsula this narrow helt of rocky British territory between India's northwest frontier province and Afghanistan was regarded as a '•neutral" zone in which lived the ftcvce Pa than tribesmen. This was by agreement between Britain and her neighbor. The British left the Patu- ans alone so long as they behaved themselves, However, when Pakistan was created »s an independent sta:c and the distress : took over the [lor t| U frontier Mufti Drawn Out (province, she claimed she inherited Fluid ."my gather tn the spacer the neutral belt and the Patlians. between the lining of the lung or The, tribesmen meantime have been pleura and the chest wait. When j trying to create an independent fluid Is present the problem of state called "Pathanistan," and Af- treitment is still more complicated, gh.nnl.stan is supporting this native The fluid may be only a re.sult of [ movement, The Afghans say Britain the annte or dry pleurisy or it may is backing Pakistan. mean that some serious condition such as tuberculosis Is present. The fluid can be drawn out through a frcrirentty and repeatedly. After the second or third time trie fluid may not accumulate again. In addition to the acute kinds of pleurisy, a chronic dry pleurisy and chronic pleurisy with accumulation of fluid are also recognized. Either of tbese may start can follow an acute .radually attack. PETER EDSONS Washington News Notebook Puppet Governments in North China Hide Full Extent of Red Aggression WASHINGTON— (NEA) —See- , retary of State Dean Achcson \vas j talking "off the cuff" when ho made' Ills statement to the National Press Club that, "...the Soviet Union is detaching the northern provinces of China from China and is attaching them to the Soviet Union." The" secretary had a bit; black loaw-Scaf notebook in front of him to refresh hLs memory- Bui in ad Jibbing informally to the Press Club audience, H Li now explained {.hat whftt the secretary meant to say, or should have said, was that the Soviet Union was now "in the process ol (ieinehmg the novlhern \ not necessary for the Chinese u> provinces of China." j trraiU them. Nevertheless, the Chm- The modifying "in the 3 e.<--e gave ali these conce.=.?ion.s and prcce&s" would have put an entirely' Inrther agreed to a plebiscite in different emphasis on the Secretary* Outer Mongolia,Of course the Na- remarks. And they might have i lionaiLst government lost in the thrown a different light on the in-i plebiscite since only IQ per cent of treaty to carry out provisions red up by the Russians to the north, began in Moscow in July, 1945. The Hi started an independence move- Russians then demanded controlling! mem. In spite of this opposition, interest in the railroads, extension of the boundaries of Daiix-n ami Port Arthur to take In most of the Kwatitung peninsula and recognition of the independence of Outer Mongolia. Under a 1924 treaty, Russia had recognized sovereignty over Outer Mongolia. Secretary of State Byrnes and Ambassador Averill Harriman both informed the Chinese government that these demands went beyond the Yalta agreement, and that it was ferred charges of Russian aggression Jti the Miuiehiiriu-Mongoiia- Shikiang area. : The Yalta agreement of February, 1945, specified four (joints on this area: 1—The status QUO of Outer Mongolia (the Mongolian People's Republic) shall be preserved. 2— The commercial port of Dairen shall be internationalized, the preeminent interests ot the Soviet Union in this port being sale-guarded and the lease of Port Arthur as a naval ba^e o[ the U- S. S. R. restored 3—The Chinese-Eastern railroad and the South Mancburiiui the Chinese Nationalist government negotiated several agreements with! the Russians for the economic deve-, lopment of Singiang. Mineral rights were given to Russia. A Ru&sian airline operated into Sinkian^. Russian economic penetration of the province was complete. Finally, last September the Sink- iang government broke with v the Nationals and announced adherence to the Peking Communist government. Russian The chronic, or lang-iasting dry pleurisy Is extremely annoying and difficult. It may drag nut for weeks or months and be accompanied by ;\ good tlnM of vKvin. If it lasts loo Ions there may be some permanent thickening of the lining membrane) asking the "democracies" for of the lung and eventually some damage to the lung itself. Neither acute nor chronic pleur- Soviel Technicians Imported An j way. Afghanistan is turning away from the Indian peninsula and is raisin? ;ts eyes lo the spires of the Kremlin, toward which until new it dared not look. For the first time an official Russian trade mission hi\s visitert Kabul, the capital, and Russian technicians are being employed by the government. The whole land side or the Indian Peninsula is ringed with the advancing Red host. The conquering Chinese Communists are closing In on Burma, They have an army on the border of Tibet and have announced that they intend lo free this "roof of the world" whicb^ I should be considered lightly. Not only are they painful, but they may mean thai a serious disease is present. Trie amount of pain present is usually enough to cause the vlc- t'm to seek skilled care early. Any Uind of pleurisy is a distressing and unpleasant experience. Dr. Jordan will answer questions from his renders in a sne- cial column once a week. Watch for It. 15 Years Ago In Btythevillc tun defend Hself against the Reds, So the Indian Peninsula on its entire extensive land side soon is likely lo be lr. clo.=e contact with the Communist political drive. That, presumably was part of the background which former Undersecretary of State Will L. Clayton hud in mind in addressing the House Foreign Alt airs Committee yesterday. He declared that "Stniin is winning ihe cold war" and tl'.nt if it continues, the year. 1955 "will probably find the Western Hemisphere surrounded by Communism." Mongolia penetration of has been much Inner more ihe popul a lion was Chi nese a nd since the Mongolians have warred, with the Chinese for centuries- A puppet, government was created and the Chinese Nationalists recognized Outer Mongolia's independence as j ern the Mongolian People's Republic. Russia, from czar 1st Limes, has haci its eyes on the northwestern Chinese province of Sinkiang. The Russia n Communist government has had .similar ambitions. But in 1042, when the Soviet efforts were all concentrated on saving Stalingrad, Chinese Nationalists »ol back into full control of Sinkiang, in an ef- railroacl (shall) be jointly operated for', Lo block the Chinese Commun- by a company. 4— China shall retain full sovereignty of the province of Manchuria. Give Them An Inch... Chinese-Soviet negotiations for a Ists from taking over this- remote area. Inlcriiiil Trouble Brewed By Reds In the next two years there were a number of border incidents direct. When Russian armies march- j cd into Inner Mongolia in 1945, they j looted the nomadic natives of their ', horse.-! and their sheep and even drafted their young men into Russian service. Inner Mongolia has a separate government tmd U gradually absorbing the Mongolia n- peopled areas of northern and w&st- piishmg bac\c Its borders, Manchuria itself, since the Chin- Among the 34 children, crand- children and Great grandchildren of Mrs. Elizabeth Fowler. 77. there arc only three females and ,11 males. She hns two daughters, one of them Mrs. M G. Goodwin. Mrs Goodwin has one daughter. Mrs. Randolph Smith. All of Mrs, Fowler's sons and her other datieh- ter had sons and their .sons had sons, the most recent of those, the son horn ye.stcrday to Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Fowler, Fred and Lyfus Fowler, who also li\ r e here, are among her other sons. Educator Says Schools Turning Out "Boobs" Instead oi Brain Trusts ese Nationalist forces were driven out, has been definitely "in the uro- ces>" of being absorbed fay the Soviet Far East. Manchuria now has its on currency, its own economic and political controls and an iron curtain thicker and tighter than that which shuts off ea.stern Europe. Under these circumstances, the case against Russian aggression may be more difficult to establish than in 5 ay Czechoslovakia or Hungary, though just a.s obvious. Air Force Plane Falls Killing Two Ohio Men IN HOLLYWOOD R? Krskine Johnson NKA Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD — tNEA.1— John Wrtyne, the uhose career roci: 1 a pogo stick for II years, curled a finger nrouml the handle of a teacup mid allowed Hint he's more time getlinR oul of piclurc.s— bari pictures — than getli«B iulo pictures. Quite a statement for a fellow who hns been in so many good movip.s latHj-- But he admits: "I've survived more bad pictures than any player in Hollywood. Wo been in pictures for 20 years. Finally lie went to KKO »nd offered lo work at half his salary In star in "Tall in the Saddle." lie kne\v it would be a Rood movie. Iff found the story himself. It \V.\5 -A &o«d movie. As he says: "The story lias to oe rteht for me It's a Wayne script or it isn't :\ \Vaync script. I know what I can do. "If the lines aren't In my limits 1 can't reaci 'em. I can't get with it. I can't feel it. I don't want It. pass—and two clubs became the final contract. However, the most disastrous results were obtained with the bid- MEXICO. Mo., Jan. 25—Wt—• Two hio m?n were killed early yester- ny in crash of an Air Force Airlane a halt mile north of Mexico's ily limits. They w-jre Identified as Master gt. Alexander J. Mallick. 31. Fair- orn, oio. attached to ?926th Base laintenance Squadron, Wright- attcrson AFB. a n ri Joseph p Summer, 39, civilian aircraft mech- nic attached to the same squadron. The men were Hying an L-5 light lane from Tinker Air Force Base, Jklahoma City, to Wrifrht-Patter- on, Dayton, Ohio. The craft was LOS ANGELES, Jan. 25—OPi—A Chicago educator says the college Jt freshman Is grooving increasingly and | illiterate, unable to vead or think. But it isn't the poor frosh's fault. High schools, says the president of the University of Chicago, are serving i]p a watered down >^|«- cational potion which produces b!jRs instead of brain trusts. In an attack on the American school system. Dr. Ernest Cadman Colwell remarked in an Interview yesterday: k "More go to school longer and learn less every year." He went on to say that "part of the difficulty Is due to the attempt to unload on the elementary and I've been getting only good ones for i ir s not a question of just a good the last six." jmipt. H has lo be a Wayne Wayne made his first, a sood fcript " on?. 20 years ago. It was "The Big Trail"" His second, he says, was the worst he's ever had. It VV.TS a picture, We have one foot In the door.—Philip Murray, president of C. I. O., on steel disputes. « • • 1 feel too good too early.—Sen. Robert Taft, <Rs Ohio, on his chances ot re-election in 1950. » • • Ideas that the next war will end in 24 hours are a lot of damn bunk.—Lt.-Gcn. Harold L. George (Ret.), wartime commander, Air Transport Command. Girls Demand Kxritrniciil," and be played a college boy who was supposed lo cln (lie cxciliiiR. H was directed by a dance director. The slnry was about a TOH- over whether to make the rollrse co-eclucaliorial The matter «ns settled tn the final reel when the girls beat the boys in a baskclbuli game and the college wen! oo-oducational. Took Ten Years Ho didn't Ret another good picture until 10 years later when he climbed aboard John Ford's prtte- \vinning "Slacccoach." That xvas in 1039. He was under contract to Republic, pliiyiiiK in tlvinl-iate westerns, and Ford borrowed him for the role. Three days after the film's premiere his home studio cast him in a seven-day western. His studio bosses had seen "Staeccoach." They told him: "We make GOOD pictures." Wayne didn't get another good picture until a year later—"The Iionc Voyage Home," Then came uioie bad movies. After "Tall in the Saddle" there \\ere more bad movies for Wayne until Herbert Yates moved in as !iis boss at Republic. Yat-rs fired :he executives W'ho sneered at his Sec HOM.VWOOD on r*ire 11 McKENNEY ON BRIDGE By William E. McKcnnry America's Card Authority Written for NBA Service Unfortunate Kidding Cost 2300 Points One of the most talked of hand at the nationals came up in th open pair chalr.ulonship event, whicl was won by Charles Whilcbroo and Giu-dinar E. Goldsmith of Nc York. A qreat many j>alrs played th hand at four liearU In the Wes autt of course had no trouble mak tn: six. There were a few pairs wh did reach Ihe slam in hearts. A one table South bid a club and Wes deciding to play possum, passe North bid a spade and when Soul ^Q 10984 * J918 + 1043 *A A 108782 Q83 4 None N W E Dealer AK653 ¥9 » A 10-12 + J962 • J7* SSf » KS, + AKQS7S v Tournament — Both v S<mth W<* North 1+ 1* Pass 2N.T. Double Pass Opening— »J Rut 2* Pass IS high schcok for everything. There are too many curriculum. "Another difficulty lemptiious way we disfraction-s In the is the con- have treated the teaching profession in the way we pay teachers, the way we ride herd on them, in the disregard for the teaching profession." Dr. Colwell is here to speak at the second annual ministers convocation on Jan. 31. emolisiud. Minnesota, "land of ten thousand lakes," actually has more than 11.000. Morine Gastropod Answer to Previous Puizla bit' two clubs. West. Ihlnktnc there | tricks, would be more bidding, decided to points ling given above. West's bid of tw lubs was a cue-bid. He elected Ic make this bid rather than double earing that if he double, East migh eave Ihe double In. While South did not have th spade suit stopped. I think his bi of two vio trump was oV.ay. Whe West doubled two no trump he ha no idea that it would be left In an was dumbfounded when everybod passed. Wlien the hand was over. West jokingly said, "I led my fourth besi heart." In other words, he led thr Jack of hearts. Wesl cashed his nine heart tricks and then the ace of spades. Now he led a diamond, East won with the ace and cashed the Xing of spades. South held on to his ace of clubs, discarding Itie king of diamonds— and of course he still has h\s see of clubs. East had a diamond left and led It. West winning the last trick with the queen of diamonds. Thus East and West cashed thirteen selling the contract 2300 HORIZONTAL 3 Therefore 1 Depicted * Behold! marine 5 Tie gastropod 6 Agitate 6 Daubed * Encounter 13 Egret 8 Makes 14 Geological mistakes formation • Area measure 15 Unit of energy I0 Incursion 16 Willow ' 11 Whole '. 18 Belongs to It 1 J Abandon 3« Waken •19 Card game 17 Thuj .3« It is used for '20Civil wrongs 25 Soon food in :21Expir« MTear 57 Precipitated ,22 Mixed type 27 Prohibits 41 Bird's home 23 Railroad (ab.) 28 Domeslic s!ave42 Hideous 24 Cicatrix 33 It haj I monster 27 Vegetable shell 43 Equal" 29 Compass point 30 While 31 Atop 32 Registered nurse (ab.} 33 Grit 35 Observes 38 Pair (ab.) •39 Not (prefix) ,40 Charged atom 42 Musical drama 47 For •18 Regret 49 It belongs to the Buccinum undatum 50 Tier 5! ^5ade certain 53 Run away to marry 55 Missives 56 Augmented 44 Finishes 45 Ruthenium (symbol) 46 Bewildered 47 Goad 52 Note of Guide's scale 54 Lord (ab.) ', VERTICAL, 1 Young dogs 2 Noble II 50 U

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