BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS i VOL. XLV—NO. 2G1 MythtvuMe D«lly N BlytbeviUe Courier BljtbfTille Herald Mississippi Valley I Alger Hiss Given Five-Year Term In Perjury Case Counsel Files Notice ff f Of Appeal; Defendant Released Under Bond NEW YORK, Jan. 25—Wl—Alger Hiss was sentenced today to five years in a federal penitentiary. Sentence was pronounced by Federal Judge Henry W. Goddard hi the courtroom where HLss. was convicted ou two perjury counts last Saturday by a jury of eight women and four men. He was not fined. The former state department official had denied slipping secret fitate papers to a prewar Soviet spy ring. After sentence was pronounced defense counsel filed a notice of appeal with the clerk of the court and submitted a defense motion that HIM be continued in bail pending decision of the higher court of appeal. Judge Goddard said it would be "fair'- to continue Hiss under bail. Tlie next slep for appeal beyond the circuit court would be to the Unitctl States Supreme Court. Should it go to the highest tribunal, at least three justices are expected to disqualify themselves. They are Felix Frankfurter, Stanley Reed and Tom Clark. The first two testified as character witnesses for Miss at the first trial. Justice Clark was U. S. attorney general while the government worked up its case against Hiss. A decision to disqualify himself ^> up to each justice. He is not < Ptirnpel!ed by law. However, a Justice customarily steps down In. a ca.se when he feels that either side might be aggrieved by his considering it. Terms Kun Conrurrcndy Judge Goddard set ball at 410,000 pending appeal. The five-year term was imposed on each of two counts, the terms to run concurrently. Maximum sentence could have been five years imprisonment on each count and $2,000 fine on each count. The jury held that Hiss lied when he denied passing secret State. Department documents to Whiltaker Chambers, self-styled courier for a Communist spy ring and lied again when he denied seeing Chambers tx.i 'Jan 1 1SS" * - «Judge Goddard denied a dcfensr request that the 45-year-old Hi:,, no! be imprisoned saying 'This should be a warning that a crime of this character may not be committed with impunity. The government had recommended that Hiss be sentenced to five ^iears on each count, to run con- S^irrently. The government prosecutor of t,'"'•-" - .' : .v;islant U. s. Attorney ...x-> p. Murphy, did not recof..?ii<d a. fine. Airplane Used to Haul Untaxed Liquor, State Revenue Agents Claim VAN BUREN, Ark., Jan. 25. W)— Two men were to be charged here today in connection with the flying of ten cases of unlaxed whiskey into this dry county (Crawford.) Prosecutor Dave Partaln said he would charge Dick Burrows, Dyer, Ark., service station operator, with possession of untaxed whiskey and possession of whiskey for sale In a dry territory, and C. B. (Jack) Ratz, who resides between Alma and Van Omen, with transporting liquor into a dry area. Jim Evans, an Investigator for the Arkansas Revenue Department, arrested the men at Alma yesterday. He said Ratz had flown the whiskey Into Alma and that the two were transferring it from the plane to a truck when he nabbed them. r= r^' t J ~T~: Traffic Resumes On Highway 18 Floods Cause Some Damage to Shoulders Inside the Levees Highway ,ig at Big Lake was open to traffic today but only on a one-way basis because of damage to the south shoulder caused by the water which has flooded the roadway since Jan. 6. Cars are being allowed to use the north side of the roadway, which is still under about six inches of water. The Arkansas Highway Department's District 10 Maintenance Headquarters In Paragould said this morning that the water had washed away about a foot of the south shoulder for a distance of about 1,000 feet. It will require about a week to make repairs, but the work cannot start until the road is clear of water, the officials said. Meanwhile, a drop of 39-hund- redlhs of a fool at Big Lake was reported this morning by c. G. Redmon, secretary of "Drainage District 17. The guage reading this morning was 16.31. Mr. Bedman said the rate of fall had slowed during the past 21 hours but that it was expected to continue unless more rain falls. The reduced rate of fall is probably due, he snid. to, the. fact that, tfienr is virtually .no place for the water to go since the S .tFrancls is not A fall uj Another foot will clear the Hlghwav 18 roadway at Big Lake he said The Highway Olpart- menl is keeping a truck stationed at the Big Lake approach. 'VtnerAPW* Of MORTHEAM AMCAMBAB AKD aOOTOEAST tnsSOOTU BLYTIIEVILLE. ARKANSAtywEDNESDAY. JANUARY 25, 19&7 SIXTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS poin^st^ o=r ^r,=s^j£^s?sstr5 rrr:rrr rr r ^ ™^t^£^ sr a * ut 13: - ru:: he Soviets began to ease their rigid check. - —• ' e an 100 rucks nere stalled Tax Relief Promised Taxpayers in Britain By the Associated Press Boy, 1, Injured When Hit by Cor On N. Highway 61 Danny Potts, seven-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Leon Potts, 521 Lumerate St., was reported "resting well" today by attendants at Walls Hospital where he was taken yesterday afternoon after being struck by a car at the Intersection of Lumerate Street and North Highway 61. According to City Officer Herman Lane, who assisted with investigation of the accident, young Potts was struck by a car driven by Atomo Burrls. 520 North Eighth. »s he attempted to cross Highway 61 en route from school to his home yesterday afternoon. Young potts was struck by Ihe right front bumper of the Burrls car. He suffered a fr.ictnred collar bone nnd cuts and bruises about tthc body. He was taken to the dospital by Mr. Hurris. According to Officer Lane, the Potts youth stepped off the curb directly into Ihe path of the car. He quoted Mr. Burrls ns saying he swerved to the left to avoid hitting the boy but that It was too late, chief of police John Poster and officer Bert Ross assisted Of- i'«r Lane with the investigation. No charges had been filed a- Bamst Mr. Burrls today. Weather Arkansas forecast: Much colder in north and extreme west por- iious tonight. Lowest temperatures near 20 in north and from 20-33 >n extreme west portion. Thursday cioudy w it n occn s lon .,j ra | n in southeast and freezing rain or snow in northeast and southwest. Colder. .n'rt 'rajf°". c asl : cloudy tonight or freTllln ,a? nWlth occasion: » s lecl I lion and occasional rain southeast: F colder southwest tonight and southeast portion Thursday low Minimum this morning—66 Maximum yesterday—75 ' Sunset today—5:22. Sunrise tomorrow—7-02 Precipitation 24 hours 'to ^ , m toda.v--Tr.icc. Total since ,ran. 1—9.m. Mfan temperature (midway between high and low)— 70.5. Normal mean for January—39 9 Tills n.ile La.nl Year •Minimum this morning—65. Maximum yesterday—77 Precipitation j sn . 1 to this date —O-or. Colder Weather Predicted LITTLE ROCK, Jan. 254-<ff>r- Arkansas weather, changing almost faster than you can read'about It was to turn cold again today. Freezing rain or snow and temperatures as low as 16 degrees were forecast for North Arkansas tonight, barely more than a -day after record high January mercury readings were recorded In several sections of the state. Little Rock's all - time January record of 81 degrees was tied yesterday. Maximums of 80 were reported from El Dorado, Pine Bluff and Texarkana. Fort Smith had a 79-degree high, its highest for the month since 1890. And n was the top Jan. 24 maximum at Hot Springs in 31 years. Occasional rain nnd "much colder" was forecast for the state in general today. McClellan Offers Cotton Acreage Control Measure WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. (,V>— Senator McClellnil of Arkansas Is co-author of a bill to limit cotton acreage cuts under the new allotment act. He and other southerners yesterday introduced the bill, which would allow: 1. No allotment to be less than 60 per cent of the average acreage planted to cotton or war crops in I9t6, '47 and '48. 2. No allotment to be Increased under the 60 per cent proviso should it increase a farm allotment lo whee It exceeds 40 per cent of lhe total crop land of the farm. 3. Farmers to surrender voluntarily any portion of their allotments and the secretary of agriculture to reallocate this acreage to farmers needing it. A similar bill pending In the would limit cuts to 70 per House cent Indonesian Officers Kill Two in Raid on Arsenal JAKARTA (Batavia), U.S.I., Jan 25. ffl —Indonesian military police killed two men, wounded n third and arrested 14 others In a raid today on a secret guerrilla arsenal In the heart of the capital. , The men were killed when they attempted to resist entry of the police into t downtown warehouse. The police seized dozens of weapons and hundreds of rounds of ammunition. The raid was made during > citywide manhunt for followers of Dutch guerrilla leader R, p. M tTurk) Westerllng. whose band of outlaws raided the West Java city of Bandoeng Monday, killing scores of person*. . "^ Missco Soybean Output to Grow County Agent Sees Increase Because of Controls on Cotton Soybean production in Mississippi County is due to increase next year, Keith J. Bilbrey, North Mississippi County farm agent, told members of the Blythevillc IJons Club yesterday, when he addressed the group at a luncheon meeting at Hotel Noble. Mr Bilbrey said although the national farm income would be 23 per cent lower than the past year, the general agricultural outlook was good. He explained that Mississippi County farm income would be cut less than the average because of its rank as one of the leading agricultural counties. In connection with recent acreage controls inacted on cotton, he explained that only in cases where farmers had put 100 per cent of r/iieir farm land.into cotton would. the cut be a drutic one r The count} agenf^explamed tlwt the overwhelming vote favoring the | controls showed that the farmers generally favored the control pro- Brani, chiefly as an alternate course to the Brannan Plan. Job Situation lo Improve In regard lo other farm dcve ^ „.„„ lrom Ine polltTcll] Io imenLs, he said the unemployment hardships of the sacriflcal war years situation, now in existence among I It took over from wartime Prime farm laborers, was temporary, and I Minister Churchill In 11)45. Winston Churchill's Conservative Party today was Pledged to ease the load of the British taxpayer The conservatives, in their pre-election manifesto, promised to maintain full employment and do away with many governmental controls instituted by the ruling Labor Party. The Ollnosltion nartv <:fi rl If Uj. ° J The opposition party said If It, was elected Feb. 23 in «Britain's general elections, It would halt nationalization and begin a reversal In some cases. The pledge, Tr fre similar to those i.f (he opposition parties in New Zealand and Australia where labor governments wtre defeated recenlly. However, the situation in Britain is not quite the same as it had been m Australia and New Zealand. For one thing, reasons for voting parties In and out of office are entirely different in Britain. The British labor government has been In power only fnur and a half years. The New Zealand labor goiernment which went down to defeat Nor M hjdNbecn 14.jr««r, tn,*ffloe>' Tta nnfHW-J AuntrmHtn * recta been eight ye-m 1n office In both New Zealand and Australia the labor governments had seen their countries through World War II Prime Minister Clement Attlec's British labor government does not suffer from the political would lie relieved within a montl or so. He said that farmers pulling the acreage formerly. used for cotlon into soybeans could be assured a better soybean market because of the controls, since the controls of cotton would limit the amount of cottonseed oil available ,and increase the value of the beans. Corn acreage control's, Mr. Bilbrcy stated, will have little effect on Mississippi County this year, but may hurt the farmer some in the future. This b one of the few counties classed as a commercial corn county In this area. Guests at the meeting other than Mr. Bilbrey were Kerry E. ftjese' of Bedmiji, Minn., Flint W. Albrecht of Memphis. J. c. Crowe of Elkins, N. C., and Clarence Gardner of \femphis. Heat Wave Experienced In Some Areas While Blizzard Hits N. Dakota By The Associated Press A blizzard which swept across the northern plains— hitting hardest in North Dakota— faded today but there was lots of sting and snap in a fresh blast of cold weather. Huge snowdrifts, whipped by gale-like winds,, blocked virtually all of North Dakota's 7,000 miles of roads. Hundreds of motorists were stranded. Scores of schools remained closed. Temperatures plunged to far below /cro as the state dug out from one of the worst blizzards in history. Some Midwest areas which yesterday enjoyed spring-like temperatures were in the path of the frigid air from the north. In contrast to (lie blizzard conditions In the northern plains, there was what the weather bureau described as x "remarkable heat wave" in some sections yesterday. Record temperature readings were reported has Secretary of Slate Achcson agreed to economic aid for the Chinese Nationalists on Formosa possibly in the amount of $28.000,000 To Porm New Cabinet in Italy Premier Alcide de Oasperl of Italy was expected to form a new three- party coalition government today. The premier resigned Jan. 12 for a long-planned cabinet reorganization The small Literal Party will withdraw and the cabinet as before will In scores or cities tile Atlantic Coast. from Iowa to New York Stocks 1:30 p.m. Quotations: AT&T Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper Beth Sleel Chrysler Gen Electric ..'.'..'.'...'.. Gen MMnrs Montgomery Ward ..... N ? Central lit Harvester National Distillers Republic steel Radio . Socony Vacuum '.'.'.'.'.'.'., Studebaker Standard of N J 148 74 1-2 28 7-8 32 63 1-2 42 11 1-2 55 1-8 21 7-8 13 1-8 16 1-8 Texas Corp ... ........ C Penney ,...^ ...... . Rfl !-2 M 5-8 Aid Urged for Formosa The British labor government has not lost one by-electlon,(to fill vacancies) since'it assumed jrower. This is somewhat of a 'record in Britain. However, its 'by-election majorities have been whittled down by the Conservatives. American military sources In Tokyo said General Douglas AfacArthur and some of his key staff officers will bring up the question of Formosa in defense talks with the TJ.S joint chiefs of staff next week. MacArlhur's men have been reported as sticklers for wanting to keep Formosa (n friendly hands A prevalent military view In Tokyo is that President Truman's hands off announcement did not definitely close the door to some American gesture to help save Chiang Kai- Shek's bastion from the Communists. Washington report,-; said U. S. Democrats. In coalition wiln the republican Party and the right-wing Socialists. Moscow newspapers announced asrn neighbor, the Mongolian People's ' . oa- san. has given up his positions of foreign minister and chief of the armed forces. He Is retaining his leadership as chairman of the Council of Ministers (premier). drool District Gets $21,000 in Ark-Mo Refunds Amount Is Expected To Increase When All Reports Received Approximately $21,000 In refunds ias been turned over to the Bly- hcvillc School District by Arkan.sas- Missouri Power Company customers. School Superintendent, W. 11. Nicholson announced today. Mr. Nicholson pointed out Unit ilthoiiBh high school students have ompletcd their (ask of contacting customers, the figure might be ivvclled when all report's nro In. Some Industries and business firms, which do not Imvo head- nuartciw In Illythevillc, are still awaiting word from central offices regarding disposition of their funds. Kcsiionse Termed Kvrclient Public resiwnse to the project, Mr. Nicholson said, was excellent. "Tlie school and school board are lot only grateful lor the money and i'hiil it will mean In giving the city belter schools, but also for the vote of confidence it carries with it," he staled. "We also want to express our gratitude to the jiower company for the work its employes did in preparing and handling the cards used In contacting customers," Mr. Nicholson said. An estimated 90 per cent of persons contacted volunteered to assign refunds lo the school district. Those who have not been contacted will have nn opportunity to divert their refunds to the schools when the refunds are credited lo their bills, Ark-Mo officials said today. Illinois Youths Identified as Purse Thieves The sheriff's office said today that the two Blooinlngton, III. youths being held here on a cnarge of car theft, iter* identified yac- rftt lira Ir» Lamb Iirth»-wUb 'matched ning $61| M she walked ilong Main Strcel. Deputy sheriff \v c Harbour stated that Mrs: Lambert Identified the youths immediately One, she said, grabbed her purse yesterday while the other wallet in a car which was later identified as one stolen in Btcomingtori Monday. Sheriff William Berryman reported that Bloomlngton officials have been contacted but that disposition of the youths was not certain. HL said that, they probably would be turned over to federal authorities for prosecution under the Dyer Act The boys, both is. were arrested near the Btytheville Cotton oil Co. on South Elm Street yesterday whci the car they were driving became mired on a dirt road. At that lime they were being sought by officers for the theft of Mrs. Lambert"; purse. ' When arrested, officers said, the boys admitted stealing the car, t 194S model DeSoto, from the streets of Bloomington but denied taking Mrs. Lambert's purse. Izard County Senator Serves as Governor In McMath's Absence LITTLE ROCK, Jan. 25. (/It State Sen. Orvillc Cheney, Calico Rock, is Arkansas' governor today. As president pro tem of the Sen ate, Chencv became acting govern or when Oov. McMath left las night to attend the Southern Gov ernors' Conference in Raleigh, N.C Lt Oov. Nathan Gordon. Morr ton, is vacationing In Mexico, lea rll be domhnteclbv rv r, ,"' ls v " C(ltlonf "B In Mexico, leav ChrlsUanD^mo^.^n °*^ ft*'* '»"' Count, legislator no* in ime of succession, the tcmpor chief executive. Cheney was to attend a mcctln swsfflTsS Ms «£.•*&«= sr£™= s= — ..Si'SS'ss;; Little Rock this afternoon. Howard Gladden, administrate , is scheduled to he In the governor', olflcc here through Saturda Bilbrey Suggests Ways to Up Farm Income Despite Cotton Output Limit The new farm program of 1960 does not discourage or penalize efficiency or limit production thst would give the farmer a higher net income, Keith J. Bllbrcy, North Mississippi County agent, told members of the Dell KIwanis club last night at their dinner meeting at the High School Cafeteria. The county agent said that when farmers increase yields by better drainage, better rotation or more effective use of fertilizers, their income win be Increased. Mr. Bilbrey referred to proper use of fertilizer as the best way to lncrea.se production and net income. He pointed out that soil tests and practical experience in Mississippi County has shown that on most of the loams and heavier soils that 30 pounds of actual nitrogen may give an increase of about 300 pounds of seed cotton. For example, he said, that when a man puts down 100 pounds ol ammonium nllrale per acre, he ap plizos M'.i pounds of actual nitrogen The new fertilizer recommenda tlons for Arkansas .published b 1 the University • of Arkansas, advo calcs from 40 to 48 pounds of act nitrogen per acre for the highly productive soils of Mississippi Cou ty for growing cotton. On somi, soils potash nUo Is needed tor growing the best cotton. The recommendation shows l for corn production 32 pounds actual nitrogen should be added to soils of Mississippi County. Mr. Bilbrcy concluded hU report to the Dell Kiwanlans by showing a series of color slides taken of fertilizer test plots smd demonstrations last lumrner. D. D. Fllppin was Induced into the club l»rt night, and Earl Sigman was » guest. The president/John Stevens, Jr, introduced Ur. Bilbrey, U.S.Seems Nearer To Using T-H Law In Mine Dispute WASHINGTON, Jim. 25. (AP)—The head of the Bureau of Mines said today that unless coal production io increased tlio national health and welfare "is now or soon will >e imperiled." Director James Boyd made the statement to the Sen- ttc Labor Committee, which is considering a resolution ask- 'ng President Truman to invoke the Taft-IInrtley law to re* store full coal production. The lav; permits the President lo isk A court order ending a strike when the work stoppage threatens ,he national welfare. ., , _ _ Boyd's testimony was the first U/\/\«llf LtmiliMV Indication by a key federal otrt- llPPnV rnlTlMIP\ c!al lh "' lhe rwwnment feels the I1VVM J I UIIIIIIWJ idtuallon Is hecomln/r. serious on i State's '49 Farm Income Tops '48 Arkansas One of Six To Show Increases, U.S. Agency Reports , ' By .Dillon Graham WASHINGTON, Jan.. 25—Ml— *rmeri: in only six states—among which Texas wns the only major producing state—took In more dollar volume from their marketing in the first n mouths or last year than In the corresponding period of 1948. The Agriculture Department so reported today. Us monthly farm incbmc rcjiorl showed that In the other •la stales farmers found their revenues down 10 per cent or more on the basis of the 11-month comparisons. Tlie states with higher farm Income, In addition to Texas, were Dclcware, Florida, Arkansas, New Mexico and Arizona. Texas moved into top place In the country for the January- through-last November period with total income of $1.005.182,000. California took second spot with $1,850,701,000 with Iowa slipping from the front position down to third with 1,808,543,000. With only December Income yet to be reported, it appears that these arc the only states whose total farm Income last year may clear lhe two billion murk. First eleven months Income fo lhe.sc slates In 1018 was: Texas. $1.818,92^,000; California $1,OG8,- 110,00 nnd Iowa, SI.912,5:i!),000. Of the olher five slates with In creased farm revenue, Arkansa had $-180,373,000 as against $<!79,075,000 In 1948; Delaware, $96 832 000 nnd $91,722,000; Florida, $358,002,000, and 4.101.570.000; New Mexico. $174,032,000 and $172,3.M,000 and Arizona $108,064,000 and $195371,000. ' Greater Use of Bauxite Planned by Metals Firm WASHINGTON. Jan. 25 —W)- Grealcr x^e of Arkansas bauxite, the raw material of aluminum, by blending It with imported ore L> planned by the Reynolds Metals Co The company Ls obtaining a $10,963,000 loan from the F-conomfc Cooperation Administration for the development of now bauxite mine; in the British West Indies. kCA, In announcing the agreement, said the move Is designed not only to boost the United States stockpile of aluminum but to increase dollar earnings of the Britisl Soybe Mar May .... July arts Open High III-K 231 231'.i 229*; 227lt 228 22(!>i 223 223% 222U Clos 23 H 221 V 223'. N. O. Cotton 1:30 Dell Club Helps Families Unemployed Farm Laborers Get Food For Odd-Job Work If a fellow wants to cat In Dell, :ie can. The Dell Kiwanls club, because of the unemployment which was leaving some farm labor hungry, iins started n project to aid the indigent families. The Rev. E. H. Hall, mayor of Dell and program chairman for the Klwanhms, nnd E. H. Prewett, chairman of the committee for aiding lhe underprivileged, each dny contract day labor to find families In need and provide for their pay In groceries at the rale of 40 cents nn hour for their work. The Rev. Mr. Hull said today that nine families, each large, already had received assistance through the project. The plan Is set up In such a manner tlmt when n farm laborer or needy family nsks for credit at a grocery store Ihey are referred to Mr. Prcwelt or Mr. Hall. These two In turn put them to work on some of the Jobs solicited for sucli workers. Paid in Food The project Is not designed to give steady employment, It was explained, but will olfer work for two or three days a week and the payment will be In food, not cash, so the -e con hiding the project will know that *the money Is'not lie Ing wasted. -• Farmers who have odd Jobs for such workers have responded readily to (he project, the Tiev. Mr. Hall said, as well as merchants, and townspeople who have, jobs to be done. • Today several of . the farmers were working with the Rev. Mr. Hail in hauling dirt for. fills at the schoolgrounds. Leveling other grounds, ditch digging and all types of odd Jobs nrc being undertaken. Keith Bilhrcy, county agent for North Mississippi County, said that the farm unemployment situation was temporary but serious, and tlmt It such , measures were not used lo guard against starvation, It was due to get much worse before March 1. He attributed the employment shortage lo the driest November on record, which gave farmers a chance to get in collon at an early date. He explained that the farm laborers had actually earned more in 1049 than In any other year but that large families, easy spending and a sudden stoppage ol any kind of farm labor caused (he unemployment situation lo become serious. Group Senate Pledges 'All' Against FEPC WASHINGTON, Jan. 25—</TO—A group or southern senators mcl today and pledged to "resist to the end" President Truman's lair employment practices (FEt'C) legislation. This amounted to a threat of a filibuster when the Senate takes nu the proposal for a commission to see that employers do not discriminate against Negroes or other minorities when hiring and firing workers, r -mocratlc Lender Lukas (Ill> has said the Sci.ate may get to the legislation about March I A sort of cucrrlllft warfare already Is being waged in the House over the Issue. It centers on efforts to keep the bill from coming lo the House floor. Mother Spreads Fire Alarm, Then Dashes Back Into Flaming Home HATBORO. Pa.. Jan. 25. W>—Fire roared through n house in a wartime housing project today, killing all five occupants of the house. One might have escaped. Mrs. Claire Morrow, 41, dashed unclothed from the burning house shortly before 3 a.m., to spread an Open High Low March 3015 3114 3103 3108 May 3117 3123 3111 3118 Jul y 3005 3066 3055 3058 . October 2875 2378 28SO 2369 i the floor of the kitchen in the December ....2865 2B65 2857 2857 ~ New York Cotton Open High March 3123 3131 May 3124 3132 July 3075 3079 October December ....2883 ...3872 2R35 2870 Low 3118 3120 30G4 2M7 2667 1:30 3123 3125 30K) Her hair had been singed by the flames. Then, she ran back into the house—to her death. Mrs. Morrow's body was found on five-room house built of concrete block. The bodies of her husband and three daughter!; were burned "to q crisp," fire officials reported. They were, identified as Horace Morrow, 39, n machinist employed at the nearby Willow Grove Naval Air Station, and daughters Virginia, M: Patricia, nine, and Lolctta, two. A son. Jack. 21. Is in the Navy, stationed la Florida. nallunal bash. President Truman has sold n- peatedly In recent weeks that thera was no emergency yet. Under questioning, Boyd said that he had notified the White Houso of his opinion of the coal situation last night. Senator Aiken (R-vt) wanted to know If that was the first time the opinion had been expressed. "In such definite terms, yes" Boyd replied. He added that he had advised ths White House last week that th« situation he described wag expected to arise this week. Mr. Truman's latest statement that there was no national emergency was at a news conference lost Thursday. The effects on Industry of the three-day work week in the mines iiave been showing up Increasingly, however, In the last 10 days. Some 17,000 workers In railroad mil »fet! industries are now Wki because of short co»I (supplies. There Is talk of a further cutback In operation of c<ial-burhhiir pus- Mnger trains. This service wan cat one-third early thh month. Many of the miners are refusing to work even the three-day week that John L. Lewis, their union president, has ordered. About 75,00(1 were Idle today. Boyd gave the Senate commutes a report on coal production, both bituminous and anthracite, and present estimated supplies. He figured supplies already were below the "dnnger point." , . •Boyd went on to say thst m view of the continued Interruption to production "the situation naturally Is one of apprehension." He added: "Accordingly, It Is believed that unless there Is an immediate resumption of substantially Increased coal production the national economy, health and welfare of tha nation Is now or soon will be impaired." Boyd testified that the estimated "danger point" ol over-all soft coal slocks Ls a 25-day supply. He said the Bureau of Mines estimates that as of today, coal stocks In Ihe hands of all Industrial consumers and retail dealers approximate 31,795,000 tons, or an average of about 23 days' supply. He said It Is further estimated that co.il now In transit approximates a five-day supply, for a total of an estimated 28 days" supply above ground. GOP Back of Resolution Boyd said there have been numerous references In discussion of the coal situation to the fact that consumer coal slocks amounted to 48, 613,000 tons, or a 30-day supply on March 1, 1!N8, Just before the President, at that lime Invoked Ihe Taft- Harttcy law to stop a coal strike He nolcd, too, lhat stocks totnled 5!,924.000 tons just prior to government action In 194G to halt another strike. The "significant difference" between (hose two cases and the present situation, Boyd said. "Is that In bfjlh previous cases, total suspension of coal production was Involved at mines employing United Mine Worker members, whereas at the present time there Is no total suspension of production." Hfc added that soft coal produc- S« COAI, on I'age IB Officers, Board Elected for New Luxora C. of C. LUXORA, Ark., Jan. 25—Plans for Uixora's Chamber of Commerce began taking definite shape Monday night when officers and directors were elected at an organization meeting. Lester Stevens, furniture dealer was elected to head the new organization. Projects and further plans will be made after the charter Is approved by the United states Chamber of Commerce. The charter was filed for approval In December and should be received soon. Mr. Stevens said. Seventeen Luxora businessmen and civic leaders meet at lhe First Methodist Church Monday night to lay the plans for the meeting. Mr. Stevens acted as temporary chairman before he was elected president. Wiley Tale vras nnmed vice-president, G. A. George. Jr.. secretary, and Joe Gentry, treasurer. G.C. Petty, Hyman Kurtz, A. Llv- crant, R. L. Houck and C. C. Danc- howcr were named to the board of directors. Tlie group set the second Monday night in each month as a regular meeting dale. Plans for enlistment of members will be made soon. The move to have the new chamber set up has been underway for seveiil weeks.
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