THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER T, 1»W (ARK.) cotmiER NEWS Tn» Nation Today: Alatka and Hawaii— B? JAMES MABLOW .WASHINGTON Sept. 1. L/.S* Soon Become o/ 50 States? erj two y pars, when there'! a new Congress, I write a piece about Alaska and Hawaii.'-.' ' '-; '"\ . ••' There's never any attempt at pro- .phecy in' It.'ifhere's none In this, ... y. .two years the : ttory «ay» that Han-ail and Alaska, which have been, trying to get ttatehood for themselves, are still trying. And then the story explain* that maybe thii session of Congrets will be the time when they get It—maybe. Then they don't get it. Then when there'* a new pojigresj, and there's talk shout' Hawaii arid Alaska, I do another piece. • ' " • • Last March I did such a piece because the House had passed bills to let'Hawaii pnd Alaska become slates. . ':' ' -; -Bui I pointed out that this would mean nothing unless the Senate also approved. Somehow, the Senate never got around to It. as usual. But since'last March; something has happened: our relations with Russia have gone even" further down hill tha'n they,were "th'eri.. Hawaii and .Alaska . loom ever larger ' a j Important parts of this country'^ outer defenses. Since they're so important, there's been renewed talk to let them come In as stales. Truman Nudges Senate And yesterday President Truman nudged the Senate to do something. Senator Lucas of Illinois, top man among the Senate Democrats said maybe the Senate will act before going home this month. So here once again is the »tory on,H£waii and Alaska, just In case ttfcc"~enate lets them become the 49th* and 50th states: The U. S. bought Alaska from Russia In 1867 for S7.205.0CK) but didn't allow . it to become" a territory until 1912. The U. S. annexed Hawaii, then a republic," in 1898 and made it a territory In 1900.. Alaska Is twice the size of Texas which has 585,'OOfl square miles, it has a population of 100,000 people, more than many of the present states had when they were admitted to the union. Hawaii has a population of 540,000. About 86 per cent, of those people ar« American citizens. Hawaii, made up of seven islands,, has an area of 6.400 square [miles. . Alaska's chief Industries are fish- Ing, furj, mining, lumber. Hawaii's are sugar, pineapples, cattle, dairy products, truck-crops, fish and coffee. People Want Statehood In both territories the people have voted for statehood. Congressional committees have made trips to the territories and investigated the probkiri,.or .giving th-m statehood. in a real way in the middle 1930's, fir«t real action came In 1947 when the. House voted to admit Hawaii. The Senate never ha» voted. The House this year voted amin for Hawaii and, for the first time, for Alaska, too. S- far the Senate til!) hun't acted. . Some of the Congressmen opposed to'itatehood argue this way: Alaska and Hawaii, if admitted, would have two senators each, since every sUte has two senators. And, because of It* S40.000 population Hawaii would be entitled to two representatives in the House. Alaska, because .it has only 100,000 popula- and tion, • would have" one representative In the House. 104,000 Hawallans Vote In their local elections about 100.000 of Ihe 540,000 Hawaiians vote and about 20,000 of Alaska's 100,000 population vote. This would give Alaska two senators representing only 20,000 voters. Whereas states with millions of voters are allowed only two senators. . . But the people in Alaska Hawaii argue-this,way: They've already been kept too long in the status of territories They're both mature in runnin their own affairs. But Congress because they are only territories really runs them and makes laws for them. But, unlike the people in states, the people In Alaska and Hawaii have no voice in the taws made for them. And, although they have to pay federal taxes, they don't get the full benefit from federal laws that states get. - ; v Thi can't vole in a national election. A territory can elect Its own legislature but the President appoints the governor. In addition to all this, the Ha- walians and Alaskans argue that statehood would strengthen this country's position In Ihe Pacific. PAGE ET,EVW FOR A DOC'S LIFE—Cricket, a 4-year-e-ld e»n!n» of uncertain origin and sharp curiosity, tries on, just for tiz«, a pbstic oxygen tont designed for doss. The lent was one of many items on display at the annual convention of American Velerinariini at Miami Beach, Fla. Cricket's master, Waller Harrison, looks a bit uncertain about the whole Idea: Jjj " l^W Auto Motor Knock? Cause Said to Be 'Cool Flames' CHICAGO. Sept. 7. Wr—That knock in your auto engine may come from "cool flames," a feeble blue light given oft" by the chemical change when a fuel and air mixture heated just before combustion, two scientists from the California Research Corp. told the American Chemical Society today'. Dr. H. R. Barusch and J. Q. Payne reported nnding a relationship between cool names behavior and the octane number of a gasoline. The octane number measures the tendency of a gasoline to resist knock. Study of blue names may lead to better anti-knock gasolines, they .said, tor ."when cool flames are controlled the problems'associated with knock will also be controlled." ! d'-sfat«no<:d for both was prom> by tha Democratic and Repub- Parties in their party plat- tns.- And the President wants it In some of the early experiments *~i'h"i.' <- °' transmission of photographs over Although pressure to get lhe.se two I electrical circuits as many as 25 territories admitted ta state began lines were used simultaneously. Proposed Panama Canal Toll Rate Hike Brews Controversy By CJ.ARK BEACH WASHINGTON «•) — President Truman decided back in March, 1918. that thc-re ought to be a little hike in the toll rates for the Panama Canal, Canal Zone expenses had gone up a lot since the last toll rate rU* in 1038. Toll rales in the privately operated Suez Canal have been raised from 2D Egyptian piastres In 1939 to 39 piastres—The' President announced that on Oct. 1. 1048, the rate for the Panama Canal would rise from SO cents to $1 per ton for laden ships. But the rate rise: never Iiai gone into effect. It has become involved in one of the stormiest controversies now raging In the capital—involving such Issues as the building of a new canal and reorganization of the canal's administrative and operating set-up. Al the suggestion o! Congress, the President has repeatedly postponed the effective date of the rise while Congress studied the issues. Now it is set for April 1. 1951. Shippers Protest Shipping interests protested to Congress when the raise was firs' announced." Th y said ship operators were barely able to make both ends meet and some were losing money. Besides, they were already being charged too much in tolls .they contended, because In r setlittj toll rates the government m'atie their pay for items which should bi charged to national defense. The House Merchant Marine Committee wns instructed to make an Investigation. It recommended tha' the whole theory of Panana Canal Dress Up Your Car Plastic Wheel Cover A TERRIFIC VALUE FALL ACCESSORY SALE! 39c 25c 29c Hurry in Today! HEADLIGHT VISORS pr. ASHTRAY with Vacuum Cup BREEZIES 5 Colors BUMPER JACK . 7000 Lb. Capacity 2000 Lb. Capacity 4.55 5.95 SCISSOR JACK SCiSSORJACK LUG WRENCH PUMP- -- - - 1.49 Dependable. JACKS 4 Way SPECIAL THIS WEEK ONLY c . i" REAR VIEW MIRROR* 77c PLASTIC SEAT COVERS SARAN PLAID PATTERNS In r«d, blue or gr«cn 2 door and 4 door 19 95 Pick-Up Truck Cover - - 6 95 FLOOR MATS, most cars 2.29 YOUR COMPLETE AUTO STORE SOUTHERN AUTO STORE us w. Mot* 3421 B'nai B'rith Lodge Honors District And State Officers Twenty-three members were present last, night at a dinner meettns of the I. Miller Lodge of Brut Brilh at the Razorback inn hor.ar!ng Joe Calm ot New Oile'iiis, district secretary, anil Robert Banks of Pine Blulf, Arkansas slate conference chairman. After the dinner, members wc.it to the Temple Israel I'ccisnlion room where they held an Informal discussion on the charity and eitu- cationiil work of the organization. Hairy Lcvltch was in charge.. The I. Miller Lodge, Includes all toll rales be based on interest char Res on thai vast ne* capital outlay? If «o, the rise might be fantastic. A govei nmeiu study In i!H5 recommended the construction of a Ma-level canal, primarily for defense purposes. It estimated the cost at »2,482,000,COO. Since then many prominent, engineers have questioned the advisability of such a canal and have said the cost might be as high as J20,000.000,000. At present, U.fe. government ships use the canal toll-free. The reorganization bill provides that they shall henceforth pay tolls or that the canal shall otherwise be reimbursed, This Is a step In (he right dlrcc- licn. »ay the shipping mm. but they feel that under the plan the government still wouldn't l>c paying its full share for national defense. of Mississippi county and Haytl, Caruthersvllle and Kennett. in Missouri. Mr. Calm nnd Mr. Banks presented Ihe lodge with the Archibald a. Marx ownrd at the afler-dlni-.cc meeting. This 1* an award given by the national lodge for outstanding achievement. Thi, u the 'second straight year the I. Miller Lodje has received the award. ' The sward is earned by the ef- iorU of the organization In help- Ing needy students attend college and nlso lor help given In sponsor- Ing hospitals. The organization supports several free hospitals over the country. / Education for Shoplifting SAN BERNARDINO, Calif.—</Pj— Police booked a woman on suspicion of grand thctt who they said was teaching her nine-year-old daugh- tei Ihe line points of shoplifting. Capt. Vernon Shiflett sold the mother would stuff a shopping bag full of unpaid foi merchandise then hand it to her little girl to carry from the store. Herald the girl admitted «he and her mother were a ttam. The u,3> Forest Service made 7.957, all plane flights In anti-forest (Ire work in 1949. Now She Shops "Cash and Cany 9 Without Painful B«ck««He> A»_wc get t>!d«r, vln i»l, 1 '»"-»up mgmi or irtau^nl HIMMM may r from minor bl.J^.r Irritiil^Tdg. u dminpn,,, or dleUry fndfetrtloiM. It xour dlacomforl* •»• due t "»'<•', "tro't w»ll, try Do..'. PI diuretic. U«J .ucc«.rull, b, M ;,' r .£'"'; Whil ' ""*• odoi, olherwlM occur, if man) 1 limti DOHI'B »[ vt heir, ,h. IS mll» of nl",J t.» nuih out WMt«. G«t Dotn'ft Pilk toll* be examined. The current practice It to chirge tolls which wil defray the ceKts of operating am maintaining the canal and Cant Zone facilities, beaidM giving' the government a J per c»nl return on Its investment. . • But nobody knows the true operating expense* of the canal, the investigators pointed out, because there is no business accounting sys tern. The Hoover Commission asked a re-organization of canal adminis tration to simplify accounting. At the suggestion of the House committee, the President had tht Budget Bureau make a study, recommended a reorganization, sub stantially along the lines of thi Hoover Commission plan. A bill \i now in Congress. Here are some Of the arguments brought cut in hearing* on the bill: Shipping men contend that half the interest charged should be paid us national defense. The Interest charges, about 115,000,000 a year, account for 76 cent* of the M-cent toll. . . . Call It Subsidy Cross-continent railroad men, on the other hand, say that no such allowance should be made for national defense, that it would amount to.* subsidy for ihlpping. The,subsidy, they, add, would go to foreign vessels as much at American ships. Treaties require equal toll rates. A new canal also is involved. Will Vocation in Graveyard RISING SUN, II!,—Wi-Eighlcei- college students had an unusual vacation. They spent two monthr as Brave diggers — excavating old burial mounds of the Hope-well Indians near the Wabash river. One of the most important tungsten dej>c3i(s in -the world is at Sangdong, in Southern Korea. 61 MOTOR CO. N. Hiway fit 2 Price Sale Venetian Blinds ODD LOTS and Sizes 22" to 36" * 64" 1 49 Best Quality All Steel White Custom Made Blinds 75.075 37" to 50" Wide 36" to 81" Long Only A Few of Each Size 1 3 »» > JS^**". ~xl«tj IW '51 ,ivl MOTOR SALES CO. 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