(W 0 M if 3 3 tow I J j r mronr which cvercometh the wouldour mwi John, chapt v. BUFFALO, g.J THURSIDAy, OCTOBER 4, 1QOO ea.oo PER TEA a ao pkb. coyr UNCLE SAM'S SLAVES f RANK G CARPENTER TELLS HOW 8LAVB9 WERE OrrBKBU iw mu i THE .SULU ARCHIPELAGO POUR FOR inui hum- QTITUTION DECLARES THAT SLAVERY SHALL NOT EXIST IN , Tv Pf.AfiE OVER WHICH THE nNITED STATES HAS JCRISDIC- u . . ... tftmnn vim TION POLxOAM x uw&n. uun FLAG- (rrou the Brooklyn Eagla) . Section 1, Article XIII of the Const! tution declares tnai "Neither slavery, nor Involuntary nervltude, except aa a punishment for "rime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist with-iTthe United States, or any place sub- lect to i"e,r Jul",u,v --., The people of this country are In debted to Abraham Lincoln tor that lection of the Constitution which heads this letter. As Republican orators are everywhere proclaiming that President McKlnley is as great M.nd of human liberty as was the la- mented Lincoln, the following state-. ment of facts -will enable my readers to make their own estimates of the value of a Republican claim first ad vanced by Senator Mark Hanna: On Aug. 20, 1899, -General John C. n,ti on behalf of the United States, entered into, an agreement with the Sultan of Sulu, which was approved 1 bv President McKlnley. . This agree- reads, in part, as follows: Article I. The sovereignty of the TTnited States over the whole archi pelago of Sulu and its dependencies is declared and acknowledged. -; Article II. The United States flag will be used in the archipelago of Sulu and Us dependencies on land and sea. . Article III. The rights and dignities , of his highness, the Sultan, and his datos shall be luiiy respected, ana Moros shall not be lnteretered with on account of their religion; all outer reii clous customs shall be respected and do one shall be persecuted on account of his religion. ' Article X. Any lav in the arch! .pelago of Snlu shall have the right to purchase freedom by paying the master the usual market value. Article XIli: The United -States Government will pay the following monthly salaries: To the Sultan......... .....1250 To Da to Rajah Muda.... ........ 76 -- To Data Attlk . . . , .n- -60 To Dato Calobe 75 To Dato Joakanlan.. ........... 75 To Dato Puyo .......... , , .-. - ... . 60 To Dato Amir Halssln,.... ...... 60 To Hadji Buter 60 To Hablb Mura 40 To Serit Baguln. ....... ... 15 Signed in triplicate, in English and Sulu at Jolo. this 20th day of August, . A D., 1899 (13th Arakuil AMI. 1397). THE SULTAN SULU, DATO RAJAH, DATO ATT1K. DATO CALOBE, DATO JOAKANIAN, Signed, J. C. BATES, Brigadier Gen ral, U. S. V. Approved by the President, ' WILLIAM McKINLEV. "Any slave In the archipelago of Sulu shall have the -right to purchase freedom by paying tne master the usual market value!" That declara tion which met with the approval of president who la so frequently re wired to as a worthy successor of the great Emancipator Abraham Lincoln reads strangely when placed by the side of the section of the Constitution which says that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist within the United States, "or any place uDjcct to their Jurisdiction." , a, stinging commentary upon the greement made between the president oi our republic and the Sulu Sultan was furnished on June 24, of the present year, by an announcement made In letter written front the Sulu Islands oy rank o. Carpenter, a Republican correspondent, who is known from Maine to California. Mr. Carpenter's ier was printed in the Omaha World-Herald and was beaded: uncle Sam's Slaves and Where iney come irom." VMr- Carpenter wrote that he had wen offered four slaves for fifty gold uollars, which was cheaper than the market price" per head referred to m our agreement with the Sultan of Sulu. He said further: According to our treaty, as I under-wand it, any slave ruled In the Island oy the SulUn of 8ulu can be freed Pon payment of $20 by him to his master." ...... .. t.8e'rl commissions have visited r Philippines, yet they have told us out little about the conditions of slavery existing In our colonial possesions. For this reason Mr. Carpenter's oisclosures are of more value than all inat has been said by our commission-Ln tne Allowing language he was now slaves are sold under an sfr!emS!?t' wn,Ph y "the United W1U be used ln tn r'K0 Sulu and Its dependencies on and and sea": n"ilheytwre owned by a woman, who claims she is a Christian, and not by th8 Mohmmedan Moros. I went Intn th .. h7mW h!r for om tlme bot the 2 ?eah on ,ft,e' nd later on persuaded her to bring the slaves out in A. that 1 m,Kht wake Photograph of ithem. Three of them were si. J?nB,ng ,n K 'rom sixteen to th. . 6 otne? w--gi1 of twefve, mLtK9A 1' whlcn frt r omotlmes eoV.75 dtTn neM on edge of the in, Jbe nallest boy had noth-rsfoh vV1 eWrt. which barely reached hi, waist, nd the other two f rm r coarM PnUloons extending irom the waist to the knees. The girl was half naked, her only garment being a wide strip of dirty cotton cloth wrapped about her waist and fastened there In a knot. "I had a photograph made with myself standing beside her, and she reached Just to my shoulder. As I stood thus the Blave owner evidently thought I wanted the girl and said 'Mucho bueno,' or 'very good,' and told me that If I bought only her she would have to charge me more In" proportion than she asked for the Job lot. She said the little girl should be worth .at least $15, and seemed surprised when I did not Jump at the bargain. ' "I asked her where the slaves came from. She replied that they had been brought ln from the mountains, having been captured by one of the savage tribes In a recent war. with Its neighbors." - Mr. Carpenter said he was Informed that if he purchased the slaves offered to him he would have had under the custom of the country, absolute power of life and death over them; that be could kill them without risk of criminal prosecution. Writing of the prevalence of slavery in the archipelago the correspondent made this Instructive statement: "Slavery is common among the people of Mindanao and the Sulu archipelago, and I am led to believe that there Is a form of debt slavery in some of the islands farther north. Here ln Mindanao there are not only debt slaves, but slaves by birth and by conquest. I have been told at every place I have stopped that slavery Is common and that women especially are bought and sold. All of the Mora datos have numerous slaves and the richer of their subjects have aa many as they can support . "The Visayans of the island, at least, have slaves, although it Is nominally against the Spanish law. Still, human beings are bought and sold and even the officials have been accustomed to own them. I met this afternoon the ex-president of the Town of Davao. He is a rich Vlsayan, who has a large farm not far from here. He owns a number of bis slaves and keeps several in his family for servants. I have been told that the Christians seldom sell, slaves, although they buy them, and that it Is common for a man to purchase children to bring them up for work about the house." It was not many months ago that the meq and women of our churches ln every state of the Union were ln a white heat of Indignation over the election to Congress of a Mormon who was reputed to have three wives. Thou sands upon' thousands of men and women petitioned Congress to refuse 'the Mormon the seat to which he was elected. . The pulpits of the country thundered protests against the pro posed seating of the Mormon with three wives. He was turned out The irony of this act is apparent when we recall the fact that under an agree- ment.. nvada by, our government with the polygamous Sultan of Sulu, we paid him several thousands of dollars, and are still . paying tribute to him- paying moneys a portion of which un doubtedly goes to the maintenance of his harem. The Sultan has a dozen or more wives. And over the building which houses his harem floats the American flag. Of course some sort of excuse had to be offered for the presM-enfclal recogni tion of slavery, but its Insufficiency must be clear to every thoughtful citi zen who reads the following extract from an Interview had by Mr. Carpen ter with General Bates; " 'How about the slavery question general? I asked. , 'That Is a serious matter, replied the general. 'When I was sent there to negotiate the treaty I was told that I could assure the Moros that they should not be affected in any way as to their social or -religious customs, and "that we would protect them in their liberties and allow them to Judge for themselves among themselves. " 'When I came to the negotiations, I feared there might-be some trouble about slavery, and of my own volition I inserted a clause in the treaty sta ting that slavery might have to be given up, but it so the Moros would be paid market value for .their slaves. I wanted to put the price at BO pesos each, but for same reason the Moros preferred the words "market value,1 although, the average price of slave is not over 40 pesos. Now. it is said that congress wants the slaves freed without pay ment. This seems to me manifestly unjust The slaves are the property of these people. They have regarded them so for ages and have paid for them. I do not think they should be taken away without pay, and don't see how you can well explain such a proposition to the Sultan. I fear that It may cause trouble.' - . "'What kind of slavery Is it, gen erair . : w;: "'It is genuine slavery, in that the slave is the property oi nis master and can be made to work for him with out pay, but as a general tning tne slaves work very little. They are treated rather as feudal retainers than as slaves ln our sense of the word. 1 don't think there is much cruelty practiced, and the slave driver is unknown."' -' We did not pay for the slaves we freed in the South; we did not pay our own "countrymen for the' slaves that were Justly emancipated. But we ought to pay the Sulu pagan, says Bates! ' ' As there is no disposition on the part of our people to purchase the freedom of the Sulu slaves, we . must console ourselves with the fact that the administration In Its wise and benevolent way has provided that the slaves may purchase their own freedom. Wise, humane and Christian statesmanship! It declares to the Blavee of the Sultan: "You may free yourselves as soon as you" have the price in dollars and CenU!" . . MUL. eiom- in live In a perpetual read! nest to die. and. this you will attain If rou learn to love Our Lord's presence I nffw , f FOR THE PROTECTION OF, IRISH IMMIGRANT GIRLS. Mlssloo'of Onr Lady of the Rosary Resume of Its Work for the Past -Year. ' , " : ' The following letter from Father Henry, director of the mlsalomrwlll be read with deep interest: - 7 State Street, New York, Oct. 1,1900. Dear Frtenar A few montlhs hence the nineteenth century will be gathered to its forefathers. ' Tho century, whose birth saw the depopulation of Ireland etlll beholds, m Its dying hours, the enforced emigration of the Irish people. During the past year about 23,000 Irish men and women, left their native land and entered America by the port of New York.-; - - ..-r-r ','Hl fares the land to hastening ills a prey, Where wealth accumulates and men decay. Princes and lords may flourish or may , fade, A breath can make them as a breath . has made; Bat a "bold peasantry, their country's pride, , When once destroyed can never be supplied." ' ' The blight of landlordism, the continued opposition of England to the development of the native Irish indus tries, the dread of enforced enlistment in the English army drove, during the past year, thousands of tho youth of Ireland to America. The number of Irish immigrants who landed at. this port alone exceeded the number at a corresponding period of last year by at least 2,000. As the number of Irien girls who land Is usually larger than the number o Irish boys, -we may, in the absence of precise figures, calculate tnat over iz.uuu young women irom ire-land reached our ahores during the past twelve months. These figures tell a sad story. How many homes made desolate! How many heart-strings rent asunder! How many a bitter tear sned at the parting! How mamy-sighs and sorrows at the cruel, unnatural perhaps life-long separation of these 23,000 sons and daughters from those nearest and dear est to them on earth! How many a young heart launched on the sea of life exposed to all its storms! How many will reach the haven of safety! How many will be wrecked on the rocky coa or adversity! ; "Goodbye and God bless you Asfhore!" "May the Blessed Virgin be your guide, mavourneen!" : Such are the. pathetic parting words still heard at. the railways stations la Ireland as the trains move out tfaat 'bear the yout h of Erin from their homes to the emigrant ships. StK-ft' scenes are Witnessed daily In that hapless country. A large majority of these emigrants never trav. eled before; many have little or no idea of conditions of life in America. Few, Indeed, Who have not wrth it hem ad dresses of friends supplied by kindly neighbors. But whether these friends are in New York, Boston, Omaha or San Francisco whether they are able or willing or fit to receive and provide for them, are matters That -do not enter imtcrrtheJr calculations. They know they are going to America and they know their friends are there, and with this knowledge they are content. It will not require a great deal of reasoning to reach the conclusion tht these young. Inexperienced, conficMng emi grants have a very hard and perilous Journey before them. In the case of the Irish glrl9-rfor,.the first . time - away from the sacred environment of home. exposed for the first time to the wiles of a destgalng world heir youth and proverbial beauty heighten the moral dangers to which they are exposed. Until tney reach Queens-town these 12,000 young women may be said to be comparatively safe, but once they step from the sacred soil of their na tive land and board the foreign-bound vessel, perils to body and soul confront them. - -, - And here It 4s where tne Prov tdence of God Is shown. 1 Here Is seen the evi dence of the powerful Influence of the Mother of Goa In response to the tear ful appeals of Irish parents for the wel fare of their exiled children. Let It be told for the gireater honor and glory of God and to the credit of the Irish race that there la In New York an institution of charity called' the "Mission of Our Lady of the Rosary, whose object is to safeguard these emigrant girls. It ex tends the arms of tits protecting influ ence even over tme blue" waters of the Atlantic, and these 12,000 young women have, during the past year, been saved from every danger until their-friends were met or they were started ln an honorable earear In a strange land. Who has not heard of Father Rlordan or of the Immigrant Home founded by him near Castle Garden? His name and bis Home have become bywords n two continents. Seventeen years ago he waa appointed by his superiors to, Investigate the condition of" the immigrant girls landing at Castle Garden, with a view to safeguard their Interests. His investigation revealed the many and terrible dangers to faith and mor ality to whioh these girls . were ex posed. Notwithstanding the laudable efforts .of the Irish Emigrant Society, j he found there was a distinct field for charitable work amongst the young , girls from Ireland. After leaving Cas tle Garden, these young girls often knew not Where to faee, and so leu victims to schemers, thieves and ruf fians of every description that, at tnat time, infested the vicinity of Oastle Garden. In 1886 Father iRkwdan bought on mortgage a house situated at 7 State , street and called K the Home tor man Immierant Girls. In the evening of the , day when the transatlantic liners dis charged their thousands of human freight at the landing depot, Father Rlordan gathered together all the vouna- Irish girls and brought them to the Home. Here they jrore welcome to remain until friends were found or employment In decent familiea secured. From the day the Home was founded until now It has been an Invariable rule that no immiigran-t glrj be charged for her support. Her stay at the Home has always been free of expense. The charitable contributions of the public have enabled Cue directors of the Home to make ends meet without calling upon the often scanty means of its guests. Father Riordan's two successors, Father Kelly and . Father Callaghan, have died since, but the holy work of the Mission goes on apace and upon the old lines,... .- .. ; ,:. - -: -.- During the past year the accommo dations of the Hm were often taxed to the utmost This is evident from the following statiUcs; - April 19 there came to the Home from the 8. B. Tetanic, 102 girls; April 2th, from the Ivernia. 108; May 10th, from- the Oceanic, 103; May 22d, from the Ivemla, 79; May 26th, from, the Lucania, 66; May 31st, trom the Majestic, 115 tsfhlle we bad from the Cymric, June th. 111. The great majority of the immigrant girls come from the different counties of Ireland, but of the total England coniMutd 23r Scotland, 10, while we had a few representatives from Wales, France, Germany, Australia and Buenos Ayres. Sltuatfong were found for 612 girls during the past year. About 262,000 young Irish gins landed at the port of New) York since the Mission was established In October, 1883. .What tne Mission has done for them may be summed up as follows: 1st. It nas exercised a moral influence over steamship lines to safeguard the Immigrant or board Wbelr vessels. - 2d. It nas watched over, guided and assisted at the landing depot those who intended to proceed by rail or steamboat to destination. 3d. It has examined the claims and fitness of the relatives or friends who called for. the Immigrant. 4th. It has provided a Home at No. 7 State street, where were kept free of charge all those whose friends did not call on the day of their arrival, or who had no friends at all, tor who were unable to proceed on their Journey. 6th. It nas tried to locate relatives of those who brought indefinite addresses. 6th. It has secured positions in good families for those ready o go to work. 7th. Xt has provided i a chapel before whose altar the Immigrant has knelt to receive comfort, encouragement and strength for the battle Of life before her. 8th. It has supplied the good offices of the priest, In whom alone the Irish girl is ready to confide. And so consclen Mously and faithfully has the Mission performed Its dirty that .not one -girl during the seventeen years of Its exist, ence has failed either to reach her destination In safety, find her friends or secure employment. His Grace, Archbishop Corrigan, on his recent visit to Rome, took with him a very beautiful album which he present ed to the Holy Father, The album con tamed photographs and descripi ions of the churches and institution of cihar- tty erected In New York m recent .years. It was meant to lllusttae the wonderful growth of the Calle population and of Catholic energfin tne metrdw Ha Amongst the foremost of the char itable Institutions) thus brought to the attention of Hia Holiness was the Mis sion of Our Lady of the Rosary. The establishment at the gateway of the New World of a Home for the . protec tion of the Catholic immigrant seemed to afford particular pleasure to the Sovereign Pontiff. Indeed, no report of the" progress of American Catholicity would be accurate or Impartial If due credit were not given to the share Irish immigration had ln its advancement. The extraordinary increase of Catholicity in America may W largely attributed to the great influx of tine Irish people. In the words pf the Psalmist, "Their sound hath gone forth into all the land and their words unto the end of the- world. The Catholic churches and the Catho lic institutions of this country' have been built and supported principally by the generosity of the Irish immigrants and their descendants. It was only fitting, then, that tn, the Archbishop's re port to the Holy Father of .Catholic progress In New York, proper" mention should be made of the Home for the protection of the Irish Immigrant girls. Complimentary references rrom such high sources are .the best endorsement of the Mission's work and should com mend ft to the charitable public as a worthy object of their generosity. It depends entirely on charity for sup port, receiving no aid whatever from the city, state or federal governments. On each recurring October 1st (month. of the rosary), we bring our claims to the attention of the public and appeal for funds to carry on the good work In which we are engaged. Since the days of Father Rlordan, the "Rosary So ciety" has been the chief source of the Mission's revenue. The "Rosary So ciety", works this wise: Cards of membership are sent to authorised collect ors In every Sbate of the Union. The collector's duty 1s to secure members for thesoclety. Membership costs only twenty-dive cents. This entitles the member td a share in the merit of the good work accomplished by the Mission and to the benefit of the masses Which are offered at the Home every week during the year for the living and the dead. We urge upon the old and new collectors to work hard for the interests of the Home a- Home that has toeen such a blessing to the young exiles of our race. The new landing Jepot at Ellis Isl and is fast approaching completion. It will be opened inone too soon, as sue present Quarters are entirely inade- auete for the oroper handling of so large an immigration as we have naa during the past year. We thank the present commissioners, Hon. Thomas FStchie and Hon. Edw. F. McSweeney, for courtesies extended and facilities ln the wont or tne mission afforded during h year. Our relations with all the barge officials continue to be of a friendly character.' The press or tne country has Tjeenni w sua ima in Its reference to tne Mission wora". We are very grateful for their generous notices. " With best wishes for your health, and happiness, I remain, dear friend, ' Sincerely yours, M. J. HENRY. Christianity goes beneath our .conduct. It Is our character. BISHOP. O'REILLY. Consecration of the Auxiliary Bishop of Peoria. " In a service of the utmost solemnity and by as auspicious - ecclesiastical ceremonies as were ever performed in the great middle west, the Rt. Rev. Peter J. O'Reilly was on the morning of Sept. 21, consecrated as Bishop coadjutor of the diocese of Peoria and Bishop of the titular diocese of Lebe-dos, Syria. ;; :" - . Sebastian Martineljl, Archbishop of Ephesus and Apostolic Delegate to the Catholic Church of the United States, was consecrator, and many other distinguished churchmen took part in the beautiful service.' : Altogether it was the most notable ecclesiastical affair Peoria has known, and Friday, Sept 21st, Feast Cay of the Apostle Matthew, goes down ln the Church history of Illinois as being marked by a memorable occasion. " Although the consecration service was not to begin until 9 o'clock, the cars leading to the cathedral were crowded long before 8 o'clock, and from all directions people poured to the great temple. They came to see a friend and helper elevated to the high honor of a Bishop in the holy Roman Church, They came to get a glimpse of, to hear the Voice of the man who Is sent by his Sovereign Pontiff, Pope Leo, to guide American Catholics. This one beautiful service which tbey will witness perhaps not again ln a life time, drew them ln unnumbered hosts. The cathedral was filled to Its limit of capacity, every Inch of the pews and aisles being occupied, and thousands who had applied for admission were unable to enter. The orchestra of sixteen pieces began the processional at exactly the minute set for the opening of the service, and to the strains of the march the clergy and distinguished churchmen entered at the main entrance and came down the center aisle. More than two hun dred priests were In line, representing all the middle states. Rev. M, Ryan of St. Patrick's Church, Peoria,' acted as cross bearer, and he, with the two acolytes. Rev. W. P. Burke of Danyi-lle and Wr A. Burke of St. Patrick's, led the ' procession. - Directly following them were the two hundred visiting priests, and after them came the following bishops with their chaplains: Bishop Spalding of Peoria;- deacons of honor, Rev. A. J. Wagner of Cham paign and Rev. Father Crowe of Ks- wanee. Bishop Scannell of Omaha; chaplain. new Itae Huaipswys- sl-CwnpasH wealth is to jee to .the effective observ-tih rw,u. h,i ance of that order. Bishop Foley of Detroit; chaplain, Rev. Father Madden of Lewlstown. Bishop Cotter of Winona; chaplain. Rev. Father Shannon of St Mark s. Bishop Shanley of Fargo, S. D. chaplain. Rev. Father Lockney of Rock. Bishop O Gorman of Sioux Falls; chaplain. Rev. Father Quirk of Ot tawa. Bishop Janssen of Belleville; chap-Iain, Rev. Father Hauser of Princevllle. Bishop Glennon of Kansas City; chaplain. Rev. Father Fagan of Piper City. Rt. Rev. Innocent Wolf, Archabbott of St. Mary's, Kansas; chaplain, Rev. Father O'Neill of St Mary's Cathedral. Very Rev. Father Guendling, administrator of the diocese of Fort Wayne. After the distinguished bishops enme BlshoD O'Reilly, accomnanied 6y his two deacons. Rev. M. Foley and Rev. P. H. Durkin, and following him were the two assistant consecrators, Rt. Rev. Bishop Ryan of Alton and Rt Rev. Bishop Cosgrove of Davenport Last of all came the celebrant and consecrator, Archbishop Sebastian Marti- nelll. Papal Delegate. Bishop Cosgrove of Davenport bad as his chaplain Rev. P. Griffey, Odell. The bishops and acting chaplains were seated in the chancel, the distin guished Archbishop, as consecrator and celebrant, seated on the throne to the left and Bishop O'Reilly with his deacons of honor was in the chapel to the right The rich and flowing robes of the Archbishop and bishop-elect and their assistants, the stately purple cloaks and mitres of the bishops, the black gowns and loose white surplices of the priests, the flowers, the incense, the draplngs, the great choir of a hun dred voices attuned and harmonized as one, all blended into a scene of unsurpassed splendor and magnificence. It seemed an act from some wonderful play, but the spirit of devotion, sin cerity and solemnity which pervaded every scene of the memorable event was hot the spirit of actors, but of men in close communion with their Maker. The oath and examination as admin istered by Archbishop . Martlnelli to the new bishop were particularly Impressive, as was also the portion of the service ln which the bishop-elect was anointed before the altar, with the words from the celebrant translated, meaning: "May thy head be anointed and consecrated by heavenly benedic tion In the pontifical order. And making with his right hand the sign of the cross three times over the head of the bishop-elect, . the Archbishop said ln Latin, in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Peace be with thee and with thv BDirit" in the anointing of the bishop-elect's hands in the sanctified oil, the conse- eraor spoke to the elect kneeling before him: "May these bands be anointed with the sanctified oil and the chrism of sanctiflcatlon, as Samuel anointed David to be king and prophet: so may they be anointed and consecrated. Hear us, O loving Almighty Father, eternal God, and grant that we may obtain what we ask for." The reading of the apostolic man date, the sprinkling of the pontifical ring, granted to the new bishop, the offertory, tn which the bishop-elect between his two -assistants, coming from his chapel, knelt before the con secrator and offered to him two light ed torches, two . loaves of bread and two small barrels of wine, and kissed reverently the hand of the consecrator, the final kiss of peace and the blesslna of his people by the new bishop these were scenes tnat the mind will long bold. n ' OUR HOME-COMING DEAD. ' Empty Honors Woman's Apathy and Power. It has been officially stated that the War Department has completed ar rangements to bring back the bodies of the soldiers who have lost their Uvea In the Philippines and other of our outlying possessions. .This Is without doubt" a wise stroke of policy on the part of the present administration, and plays upon the tender chords of the nation, investing the event "with the dignity of pathos." But while the unthinking ones are making much of this parade of public sorrow, and prating loudly of national glory and hon or, others there are who look beyond the sad home-coming of our dead; who ask why they should be brought back dead? ' Of course It Is a woman who asks the question. Men are usually en grossed by an event, be It a catastrophy or a triumph; but a woman, with quicker perceptions and a finer sense of the moral ethics of the question, reverts not alone to the cause, but demands to know the wherefore of the cause. The war with the Philippines is not a woman s war; she neither, favors, sanctions nor upholds it She was not for the Spanish-American war, and petitioned against it but petitioned too weakly. It is only when woman does a thing weakly that she fails. And the home-bringing of the dead is due to her weakness and her failure. Not ln that she directly caused the war, but that she did not prevent it .The same inextinguishable instinct in each human being which, when properly directed, maintains order and law and life, when misdirected or weakly applied wrecks them. Virtue in the individual means simply a strict adherence to the law of order in the soul; national virtue and honor means the working Tf that same law on a larger scale; it means that smooth perfection of order which is only attained by the proper regard for the Individual as a unit of the whole, and which upholds the sanctities of human ties as well as the life of the nation. Wo- man's part and power in the common- In the homecoming of our dead it is the women who will grieve; the women who will feel the depth of pain the women who have lost husbands, broth ers, sons and lovers. Men feel the loss of victory; women feel the loss of lives. And this is what is so astonishing that women with all their power for good, as with all their power for suf fering, yield to that strange apathy which stands in the way of every per ception, which dulls the wisdom, of every act of life; which destroys every virtue; women who by concerted effort could right every national wrong; could avert wars and teach the higher- glory of peace, turn aside for something or nothing and let the dance of death go on. Is the time not ripe to awaken from this sleep. which Is a moral death? Is It not a time" when the good should re member and the weak cease to betray? "There is not a war in the world, says Ruskin, "no, nor an Injustice, but you women are answerable for it; not In that you have provoked, but in that you have not hindered. Men, by their nature, are prone to fight; they will fight for any cause or none. It Is for you to chose their cause for them, and to forbid them when there is no cause. There is no suffering, no injustice, no misery In the earth, but the guilt of it lies with you. Men can bear the sight of it but you should not be able to bear it. . . - . The wild grass to the horizon is torn up by the agony of men, and beat level by the drift of their blood." And what of the women whose dead will not come back? - You women who will grope ln the dusk of hopeless years, waiting for loved ones who will never come, while the fierce sun will beat on the African kopjes, whitening bones, and beasts of prey will- slink through Ashantee Jungles sniffing for warm, murdered bodies, and torrid winds will blow across the Soudan des erts and slimy, creeping things will move through the swamps and rivers of the Philippines while you wait But the dead will not return. ' The few bodies that will be brought back from the Philippines, but ' emphasize more bitterly how many of our soldiers who went forth full of life and hope -will never more return. , ; Florence Lilliaw Holmes. Father Tuoby to Return to St Loo is. St Louis, Mo, Sept 24. -With the re turn of Archbishop John . Kain from Europe comes the announcement that after an absence of two years Father John T. Tuohy,' whose memorable controversy with Archbishop Kain over the management of his church resulted ln his removal from the pastorate of St Patrick's and the performance of a ten- days' penance at a monastery, following which he was transferred to an Eastern diocese, has decided to return to St Louis. He comes with the knowledge and approval of Archbishop Kain, and the announcement of his St Louts charge la expected to be made within he next ten days. Father Tuohy Is at present In Boston. ; We may give advice, but we cannot give conduct Franklin. . FOR CATHOLIC FEDERATION. FATHER WALL SAYS CATH-. OLI.CS ARE D1SCRIMIIV J - ATED AGAINST. THE3 NATION AL UNION DISCUSSES ... BISHOP McFAUL'S PLAN TO UNITE ALL THE SOCIETIES IN ? THE CHURCH BIG MEETING TO BE HELD IN NEW YORK ON THANKSGIVING DAY NEW OF-FICERS ELECTED. S The real work of the convention of the Cat-hollo Young , Men's National Union which was opened In the Park Theater, Brooklyn, on Sept 25th, was completed on the 26th afternoon1. Considerable discussion was had on the', proposition put forth by Bishop Mc-Faul of Trenton for' die federation of all Catholic societies in the United States. In speaking on this subject the Rev. Dr. F. H. Wall, pastor of the Church of the Holy Rosary, Manhattan, and national president of : the union, said: t "There Is no doubt that the Catholics are discriminated against, although . they simply demand their rights, under the Constitution. Take, for example, ' the Indian school question. This Government entered into a solemn cove-" nant with the authorities to the effect ' that If the Church established, built and ers that the government would maintain them. This agreement has not been lived up to by the United States. Other religious denominations that had built schools have relinquished those schools to the State. The Catholics will not do this and still keep on teaching, although the appropriation for the schools which the Government makes yearly is very small and is yearly decreasing, Scon, probably, the appropriation- will be nil. -.' -' 'Then take, for example, the looting of Catholic churches in the Philippines by the American troops. Some of the sacred relics from the churches are now . exhibited In store windows on Fulton' street in this city. And In both the : Philippines and Cuba many of the school houses, built and equipped by Catholics, were confiscated by the A mwHati oranmfiTirltftra few finVttTOTTIAnfc use and occupation.. . ; . . . :. "One of the most unjust edicts ever promulgated, an edict reading more lik an. ukae.fche Ciac of, Russia., was that of Gen.'"Ijeouard Wood, the Governor General of the Island of Cuba, , refusing to recognize a marriage sol- Church, performed by a priest of that church, and declaring that none but a civil marriage contract would be valid. , Such an edict was iniquitous in the ex-! treme and clearly showed discrtmlna-. tlOn. . "Again, no Catholic was appointed as a member of the Philippine Com mis-. sion, notwithstanding the fact that the " commission was sent as emissaries of the United States to a Catholic country, where the greater portion of the population 'belongs to the Catholic Church." A resolution was adopted. calling for; a big meeting of delegates representing ( all these clubs and societies to be held-at the Fifth Avenue Hotel on the after- , noon of Thanksgiving Day, when some action may be taken in the Interest of the federation. . ,! Addresses were made by Mgr. Doane of the Pro-Cathedral, Newark; the Rev. Father Jjavelle, rector of St Patrick Cathedral; former Sheriff William J. , Buttling, Deputy Commissioner James F. Kirwln of the Department of Publlo . Buildings, Lighting and Supplies; Oon-fi-reseman FHzgeraJd,- J. S. Mahoney of Boston, Michael F. McGoldrick and the Rev. B. J. Bogan of Rahway, N. Y. These officers were elected for the - ensuing year: President the Rev. Dr. , F. H. Wall of-New York; first Vice-president, the Rev. B. J. Bogan of Rah way. N. J.; second vice-preaiaemi, jw enh F. Kearney of Brooklyn; secre tary and treasurer, Edward P. Gallag- her of Philadelphia. The next convention will be nem m Philadelphia, beginning Sept 25, 190L ARCHBISHOP IRELAND Had CommiBder of tht Ltgloa f Hoaor. Paris, Sept. 27. At the Ely see Pal ace Hotel today M. Jules Cambon, tho French ambassador to the United States who Is at present on a visit to Paris, handed Archbishop Ireland of St Paul the Insignia of his office as a commander of the Legion of Honor to which he was nominated yesterday. General Horace Porter, the American ambassador, Viscount De Vogue of the , French Academy and M. Brunetiere, editor of the Revue Des Deux Mondes, who presided at one of the meetings held by Archbishop Ireland and afterward went to Rome and declared himself a convert to the Catholic faith, were among those present"" " In congratulating Archbishop Ire-land nn his new honor. M. Cambon in dicated his claims to the gratitude of France by recallng his eulogy of Lafayette and the panegyric on Joan of Am which he oronounced at Orleans. - Archbishop Ireland in reply expressed his pleasure at the distinction con- , f erred on him. He said he regarded it - not only as an honor but as a rresn bond attaching him to France. - - Archbishop Ireland started for Eng land today, i Notihlni makes the earth so spacious as to have friends at a distance; they mark the latitudes and longitudes.
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