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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER VOL. XLVI—NO. 135 Blythcville Dally Nei BlythevllJ* Courier Mississippi Valley LewUr BlythevMle Herald THE'DOMIN ANT NEWSPAPER OF MORTHEAST ARKANSAS AMD SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTJiEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1950 18 Die as Navy Hospital Ship, Freighter Hit ' Slates or the Westein poweis tn undertake what is sometimes called the preventive wa r ' Tlvey contend that only hy foi-; lowing a policy of pence until comi polled.to fight to resist aggr-jsslon— as in Korea — can the U.S. hope either to achieve the'kind of world it wants or to maintain Its position of leadership among peacefully inclined nations. Ex-Osceolan Is Memphis Wreck Victim Willie Emmet Williams 52 of West Memphis, formerly of Osceola was crushed to death last night |A hc P lhe car he was driving failed 'Vi txccute a curve In a Memphis street and crashed into a tree: A passenger fn the car, Elbcrt E. Wilkinson of Memphis, was seriously injured in the wreck He Is in St. Joseph Hospital in' Memphis suffering from internal injuries. The accident occurred at the intersection' of North Parkway and Leath Slreels in Memphis, Mr. Williams is the step-father of Bryant Hendon of Osceola and John David Hendon of Dycss. Other survivors include another step-son, Wociriroiv Ifendon of \Vy- att, Mr).: two brothers, George and Ewlng Williams of Russellville and »n unidentified sister who lives at Russellvllle. VWher Arkansas forccasl: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight nnd Sunday CLOUDY A SHOWKRS with a few scattered thundershowers. Not. much change In lem- perature, Missouri forecast: mostly cloudy tonight with scattered showers or thundcrshowers. Mostly cloudy Sunday with scattered showers or thunderstorms east. Not much change In temperature. Low tonight, 50-65; high Sunday, near go. Minimum Ihis morning—68. Maximum yesterday—88 Sunset today—6:35. Sunrise tomorrow—5-25 Peclpltation 2* hours 'to 7 am. (oday—None. » Total since Jan. 1—47.71. Mean temperature (midway between high and lo\v)_7e. Normal mean temperature for August—80.2. This Dale List Vear Minimum this mornln?—6«. Maximum yesterday—91. Precipitation Jan. i to this dale th Sa ,. ,.™^, Aug. 26. (AP)—Eighteen persons died a s the hospital ship Benevolence, with about G15 aboard was rammed by a freighter and overturned last night. The ^avy said it believed nil others were accounted for. *,. Tlle . survivors were scattered State Department Hits Secretary of Navy's War Talk Matthews Says U.S. Willing to Start Fight In Interest of Peace WASHINGTON. Aug. 26. (AP)— The State Department today expressed sharp disapproval of a I0eech by Navy Secretary Matthews at Boston in which 'lie said the United States should be willin? to start a war In the interest of peace. Reporters were told by Press Officer Roger Tubby that the speech "was not cleared by the Department of State." He added: "Mr. Matthews' remarks about Instituting a war for peace do not represent U.S. policy. The Uniled States government does not favor Instituting a war of any kind." The White House refused comment on the speech, White House officials said in response to a query lhat it was not cleared there in advance. P»jr Even Price of War In his address, at the Boston Navy Yard last night, the Navy's civilian chief said this country should be willing to pay any price •even the price of instituting a war, lo compel cooperation for peace.". He did not represent this view lo be government policy, though it was stated by a cabinet officer with the prestige which he possesses. Department oifKi&ls and iroiigh various hospitals In the in Francisco bay area, or had gone uj their homes In nearby cities. The crash occurred south of the main ship channel entering San Francisco bay, about four miles out from lhe Golden Gate bridge. Visibility was zero as a blinding white foe drifted'In from the sea rne outbound freighter, Mary Lucitenbach, ripped into the white flank of in,, hospital ship which was enteriiij, the harbor after a trial run. The freighter appeared little damaged. It crept Into port during the night. As the fog lifted this morning the 522-foot hospital ship could be seen lying flat on its side, the life boat davits exposed and the giant red crosses shining on the white hull. Sank in 15 minutes. Capt. T. R. Wirth, chief of start of the 12th Naval District, said the Benevolence keeled over within IS minutes after the collision. Admiral George D. Murray commander of the Western Sea Frontier, ardered a court of Inquiry convened at 8 a.m. (PDT) today to search out the cause of the accident. Surviving Navy officers and presumably, the captain and other crewman of the freighter will give their versions of how the two vessels came together. The Benevolence, until recentlj laid up with the reserve fleet at Mare Island Navy Yard, had been pulled out for duty in the Korean war zone. She was on her lasl shakedown cruise preparatory to entering on duty She was just off the gate, heading in for her Mare Island dock, when the Mary Luckenbach loomed un precipitously out of the thick fog. Plates Ripped Open Survivors said the Benei-olence swung sharply to port (left) and the freighter rammed Into her starboard side.'ripping open her plates and causing her to sink rapidly. The The Coast Guard seni out 15 cutters, the Army dispatched half a o^m tugj and fishing craft con- fct ^ rom a " over the »rea. pull- jnt^survlvori from the debris littered sea so quIcMy that the death list was held far belov? what- might have been expected in those (reach: erous waters where the sea -skirls out through the Golden Gate The Navy was still uncertain »s lo lhe exact number of persons aboard. It was known that the Benevolence carried. In addition to nbout 160 cre*v members and 145 staff doctors and other medical per- sosnel, a number ol persons who apparently had gone out just for Lhe cruise. Of the known sun-Ivors lhe Navv listed 202 at oak Knoll Navy Hospital In Oakland. 55 at Mare Island Hospital, 61 at Lettcrman Army Hospital In San Francisco, 37 at Treasure island, 31 aboard the Coast Guard Cutter Gresham. 13 at Marine Hospital in San Francisco, two litter cases brought In by the Mary Liickenbach and four who later reported safe from Ihelr homes. Nurse Is Killed Many of these survivors were suffering from shock and the chill of Immersion in the cold waters off the gate. There were 15 Navy nurses aboard, one of whom lost her life The Navy had not released names of any of the dead, pending notification of next of kill. The Benevolence, which was to have been operated by the Military Sea Transport Service, would have sailed with a civilian crew and skip- pe.', while her medical personnel wcula ha.vc been naval service men and women. . "There are some Republicans who ttiink that Ache.son Is all right," 500 Students Registered in Osceola Schools Apprukiniitcly 500 students hav registered to attend Osccola's publl schools during the 1950-51 scho year. Frank Sanders, school supei intendent said this morning. Registration of students closed yesterday but several more sludents living on rural routes are expected to be registered when classes begin Sept. 5, Mr. Sanders said. Registrations yesterday Included approximately 200 for senior high classes. 250 In Junior high nnd elementary grades and 50 In the kindergarten which Is being added to the Osceola school system this year. To Close Sunday ^S',°' hf dl " a n. president of the ^,' . president of Chlckasaw 1 Athletic Club said morning that the Walker Pa swimming pool w m be closed the season nftcr tomorrow. The Walker Park pool Is own by the season but has been leased the Chtckasaw Athletic Club operation. The pool Is managed by Coa. Russell Mosley of Blylhevl'lle School. this irk for ted for ich High TANKS DRIVE GENERAL OFF KOAI>—United States tanks moving up on lhe Korean southwest front crowd Die jnsi>ect!oii party of Gen J. Lawton Collins, U. S. Army chief of stuff, off the road during the latler's visit to the front lines. Gen. Collins is slnnding in jeep (second fi'om foreground) to view passing armor. (AP Wirepholo) COPIES FIVE CENT! Reds Shift Attack to EasKoast After Failing in Drive to Taegu % / * I I II f* W^ <*t» • • • ^^ Vital U.S. Base Called 'Safe for the Present' k | -n ' ( ' Au «' 27 ' (AP)— The Korean Reds shifted their attack to the east const Saturday and scored some gams m a three-pronged drive against South Korea defenders after failing again to thrust through the deadly Kumhwa corridor on the central front. American officers said the eflcc- liveness or three Red divisions in Hie Kumhwa sector fighting had been "cut in half" and Lhe forward defense ba.se of Tnegue, a dozen miles to the south, was sale for the present. Moving over In the Pohang-Kigye area ol the east coast, the Communist Invaders flung themselves Blytheville Main Street to Be 'Avenue of Christmas Trees Blytheville's Main Street will be an "Avenue of Christmas Trees" during- the comiujr Yule season, according to plans announced late yesterday by Barney Cockrell chairman of the Retail Merchants Division's Christmas Committee. ' GOP Campaign Attack On Acheson Is Denied WASHINGTON, AUK.'26. Wj-Senator Wherry of Nebraska, the OOP floor leader, denied today that the Republicans are ganging up to attack Secretary of state Acheson in the Congressional election campaign. Wherry, who repeatedly has cnll- ed for Aclieson's resignation, told a reiMrter that so tar as party fl- ics' is concerned, Individual Republicans must decide lor themselves whether to make Acheson a target 'or campaign blasts. UNESCO Split Over Korean War Seen FARfS, Aug. 26. TO—Internal differences over what action it should take on lhe Korean war threatened today to split the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). UNESCO's executive board mcl at lhe Paris headquarters today. It was called into special session at the request of American represent a- tives who reportedly want UNESCO to take an active part in presenting the United Nations cose against Communist aggression in Korea. "The main purpose of the session," the UNESCO announcement said, "will fce lo consider the contribution of UNESCO lo action taken by the United Nations and ils specialized agencies following aggression against Korea." Only three Communist rule states —Poland. Hungary and Czechoslovakia—are members of UNESCO, and they have been taking an ever smaller part In its activities. Opposition of the U.S. stand, however, comes from many non-Communist individuals and countries in the organization. Mr. Cockrell said plans are bcinz made to mount nearly BO Christmas trees on brackets attached lo street light posts on Main Street. These trees will be painted silver ana illuminated with blue liglils. The brackets on which they will -stand are to be mounted about 15 leet high on the street light standards and .will extend over the street. Mr. Cockrell said work on the Christmas decojfltfojis was beginning early Ihis year because funds must be collected for purchase of the trees, brackets, silver paint and lights. Block captains will call on mer- chant.s for donations, he said. Mr. Wlierry said. I don t agree with them. I think the .tarsi thing that a.s or onaons, e said Mr could happen to the country would Cockrell pointed out that IMS ma- be for hune to resign. But there. i e ,i a i will be needed next year be- ,snt any party policy to .llarif ca ,,se most of it will have been ac- rUUl. . ' «..l..r..l !!.!_ quired this year. -.Date for the annual Christmas parade has .been tentatively set for •Decs'?.' B'"wijl "be he'ld'eitrier iifTne afternoon .or' «t night, hut probably at night, Mi. Cockrell said. . To Follow Christmas Theme He stressed that the parade this year will follow a "Christmas, not 'a commercial," theme. Only floats decorated along such a theme and . _ without commercial tie-ins are - "IVe never said anything about sought, he said. These floats will be Mr. Acheson that wasn't kindly and j entered by Blytheville merchants, in support 'of him," Johnson told| A number of new bands from reporter?' "The cooperation he 'and c ' lic s an d towns around Blyihcviile -, Wherry's statement was prompted by nn assertion by-Secretary.of Def e'n'se -Joh nsoii, a f t er a W h i l« House visit yestefdayi that, he and ^She- son are "getting along perfectly." Johnson was asked about a columnist's report that he had supplied Senator Brew.ster of Maine chairman of lhe GOP Senatorial campaign committee, with information to be used against Actieson I in the campaign. I h&ye had has been all thai any two cabinet members could expect from each other. I never hail criticized Mr. Acheson." Johnson's statement found some Doubting Thomases in congress. Although no lawmakers came lor- ward to comment publicly on rt- lalions between the two, some Senators .said privately they have seen clear signs that Johnson nnd Acheson haven't always agreed on major issues—particularly in the Pacific. A Senator who asked not to be named said he believes Johnson hud urged that Formosa he included In the American defense sphere several months ago when Acheson \\as arguing publicly againH it. President Truman subsequently ordered the Seventh Fleet to defend the island when American troops went to the defense nf south Korea Wherry's observation lhal Ihcre Is no GOP agreement lo attack Acheson was borne out by some Republican Senators who plan lo campaign actively this year. Auto Industry Is Finding It Cannot Hold That Wage Line DETROIT, Aug. 26. (API — The auto industry's hold-the-lme wage policy of a few months ago appeared to be almost completely out the window loday. ^ What companies managed to a,1 void wage boosts in lhe first phase of the fourth round of post-war bargaining were certain to face mounting pressure in the wake of Chrysler's voluntary J25,000,000 annual pay raise. Chrysler and the CIO United Aulo Workers announced the surprise action yesterday. The company's 120.COO employes ill get minimum raises of 10 cents an hour, 7"he minimum will apply to 93,000 production workers. Another 7.000 skilled workers will Ret an additional five ccnls for a total of 15 ccnls. Salaried workers will gel a seven per cent raise with a minimum of $17.50 a month. ."-I the same time, Chrysler indicated II contemplated no increases In car prices. Chrysler's action leaves only the Pord Motor Co. of the Industry's •Big Three" still holding the line at 194!) wage levels. Pord settled with the union last September—the first In lhe big three lo do so—for JlOO-a-month wnsions (Including sccial Socur- ty) and hospllal-mcdtcal-insurance «neiit-s. There was no general wage ncrea&e. Last May 4. after a 100-day strike, Chrysler settled on much the same GM Workers Gel Boost Rut three weeks later. General Motors, the industry's biggest producer, gave ils more thnn 300000 employes a guarnntecd four-cent hourly boos 1 , for each of the five venrs of a new conlrncl. Then this dyke broke. General Motors, under its cost-of-livlng wage agreement, was obligated to pay a five-cent hourly Increase, starting Sept. I, boosting Its total raise to nine cents. The UAW undoubtedly will demand a substanli.il pay boost from Ford when wnge talks nrc reopened Jan. 1. The union Is expected lo do likewise on a:iy other contract which did not grant a wage bor.st Recently, Ford rejected a union proposal for immediate new wiee talks. Within » few hours after lhe announcement, workers In two of Chrysler's De Solo plants and the Dcdge Forge plant voted to call off unauthorized strikes over work- Ing conditions. About 20,200 workers were affected. The dispute was left to negotiation. Still continuing, however, is (.hell-day-old strike Of 8,000 Pacxard Motor Cnr Co. employe.?. Packard nnd lhe UAW rcpcrtedly ,v:e on the verge of R settlement in line wllh the General Motors pant. are expected to take part in lhe parade, he said. Also planned Is choral singing on the Court House lawn by various gle clubs and choirs in the city. This will be held at night during Christmas week. Tlie business section will be roped oil for this year's parade, Mr, Cocfcrell said, and no cars will be allowed to park on Main Street until afterward. ' He empbafixed that the clly-wlde Christmas activities this" year amount lo a civic project and not a commercial venture. Members of Mr. Cockrell's coni- miltee are J. T. Sudbury, pa'nde chairman; Robert Llpscomb, In charge of bands; J. L. Wcstbrouk, Jr., and Paul Hurd. Compromise In Wage-Pr'r.e Curbs Asked WASHINGTON, Aug. 26. M T | — Congress members today sought to work out a compromise to keep wage-prlce-ralionlng authority in pending anti-inflallon legislation. The possibility of such authority being s'.ultled developed late yesterday when a Senate-House conference committee deadlocked over the hot issue of whether to give rresident Truman a free hand lo invoke ll:c controls. The committee is trying lo iron out differences between separate home front mobilization bills passed by the House nnd Senate. Members hoped to work out a solution over the weekend and meet again Tuesday. The Scuale bill would require the President to put wage and price control? Into effect at the same lime and on virtually everything at once If he invoked them nt nil Under the House bill, on the otli- er h,md. Mr. Truman could Impose wage-price curbs on a s r ':ctivc basis, ahead of any general program. That is the major difference between the two bills, both of which also provide for credit controls, al- icatloT of scarce Industrial ma- lerlals, and a federal loan program lo spur defense production. In the conference commlltce ycs- lerday. lhe House members refused lo give up their provision permitting selective controls. Senators then canvassed tlic sentiment In the(r group and a motion to abandon the Senate "all or nothing" provision on wage-price controls was defeated on n lie vole. 4 to 4. le (9 Reds (up foi isainst the South Korean Third mi! Capitol divisions. General MacArlhur's headquar- •rs release at 1:25 a.m. Sunday :25 a.m. Saturday, CST) said the ^ds had gained 2,000 to 3,000 ynrris |i to a liltle less lhari two. miles) ul had failed to crack the iines. Aided by U.S. Flinex The South Koreans were aided bv .mcrican planes which struck In jrce Saturday afternoon on that •nstcrn end o[ the 120-mile United Nations defense line. Their rockets, bombs and machine suns helped South Koreans check a 'heavy attack," Associated Press Jot-respondent Jack MacBeth rc- lorlcd. Airmen reported the rest of (he ionl quiet. But General MacAr- hur's headquarters said the spenr- icad of at least 20.000 Ileds lilt South Korean forces for the scc- md consecutive day near Cliongo. 10 miles northwest, of Kigye nnd 13 miles northeast of Kumhwa. The U.S. 8(h Army said the South Koreans were holding fust after launching a sharp counterattack which regained a mile of lost ground. This Is on a more round-about road to the American advance base of Tacgu. than the Kumhwa highway where Allied troops mangled three Red divisions who tried for a week to smash through the death .rap corridor. Apparently Regrouping These Red divisions pulled back, apparently to regroup. Associated Press Correspondent Dot) Whitehead reported the pullback momentarily cased the main ihre.il lo Tacgn. Field officers said the badly mauled divisions couldn't launch a new attack for nt least 10 days In Tncgu Itself, U.S. Ambassador -Jorrrml;' Mucclo snlit lhe lhrc.il to thatjimporlant American base has passed.Y ' .American Infantrymen on lhe southern front; blocking the Bite- way to Pusan, key American base bent ofl two Red attacks. In onn of these, Americans fought In their own fox-holes, hand-to-hand wllh the Reds. Associated Press Correspondent Slan Swlnton reported. In the other, n company of grenade JvcrT,* r, ™"c uzh? cir frr , 1MP5 rrom fire at enemy during battle for burning lo^Tomewhere'l'n"South Ko^a" US Arm C " P "" 1Cd "° Wn ^ e "™ y ""• (AP WlwphoU, from Army Outlines Its Plans For Running Railroads By HAROLD W. WAKD WAS1HNGTON. Aug. 2H. W-The Army drew up its plan, tort,, for running the nation's railroads until the owners d unions can agree 01; operating terms. SPU "* ~* President Truman directed Formosa Debate Expected in UN Western Delegates Say Korean Issue Won't Be Sidetracked throwing GI's stopped 1000 Reds trying to take Mount Sobiik. Intelligence reports said around 15,000 Reels have assembled In Ihis southwest sector for what mny be another offensive toward Pusnn. Bui in the North, American troops around Kumhwa relaxed. AP Correspondent Don Hulh quoted an Eighth Army spokesman as saying these American troops "took sun baths" afler seven days or bitter fighting. Major C.'rlsis I'asses Until said, the Americans, In smashing the Red thrusts at Kumh- wa, had passed the major crisis withdrawing lo the present defense perimeter. Frontline officers told Whitchead lhat most of the 30,000 Communists in tills sector were withdrawing beyond range of American artillery. These officers said (he effectiveness of these three divisions—the 'I'nlrd, mil nnd 15th—and the Iwo North Korean divisions on the nearby chongno Road had been "cut In half." A spokesman at MacArthur's headquarters said this force—the Reds' largest concentration—Is still the main Communist threat. The entire front Is "pretty well stabilized." he said, nut the flcds still outnumber united Nations defenders and silll "retain the capability of attacking at several places simultaneously." Hut. he added, "during lhe pasl few weeks 'we have been able to meet those attacks on pretty even terms." Pacific Fleet Commander Adm. Arthur W. Rarford. returning .'toiii Korea lo Pearl' Harbor, said "lhe low point has been passed" In lhe Korean war. I'lane* Extend AlUck Ills optimism was bulwarked full hearing of lhe Formosa!! question next week. Western representatives, however, were determined today that consideration of Communist China's charges of American aggression on lhat Pacific Island, now held by the Chinese Nationalists, should not sidetrack the Korean Issue. A U.S. source said privately that | this country, as the accused, would 1 not object lo putting Formosa on the council's agenda, but doubled If a majority of the members would vote- for such a course. He said, however, that the U.S. would protest If any ntlempt were made to put It ahead of an American resolution aimed at localizing lhe Korean war. Even if Formosa Is not put on the agenda. Flussia's Jakob A. Malik made It cltar yesterday that he will refer to the situation there in his "The Security Council undoubtedly will discuss this question and de- Icrminc the substance of the mailer," he said, after Chinese Na- tlonailst Delegate T. F. Tsiang declared: "There has been no Uniled Stales aggression ngalnst (he island of Taiwan (Formosa), none whatever." The floor exchange on Formosa cam? Rftcr U.S. Rcprofntatlvc Ernest R. Gross read Into the record a letter from U.S. Chief Delegate War.cn rt. Austin lo Secretary General Trj-gvc Lie saying the U.S. would welcome Uniled Nations Investigation of Red China's charges. Austin's letter denounced ns "ridiculous falsehoods" the charges o[ American aggression, made in a cable lo Malik si;;! I.!c by Red Foreign Minister Chou En-lal. The leller. circulated among del- rotary of lhe Army Pace"io tak« over the 131 major railroads crisscrossing lhe continent at 4 poi • .EST, tomorrow. This led the trainmen and conductors unions to call off plan* for a nationwide tWitm.* Monday nf their 300,000 members"" po the President's seizure order yesterday restored peace for th» time being, and assured that the trains will keep running. The unions said their members would "gladly" work for the government. But lhe Justice Department W;M teady with the necessary legal papers to rush in for a court injunction Monday in case there is any hitcli \a the announced decision to work. Generals (o Gel Job Pace was expected to turn tho Job of operating lhe Unas over to two general.!, MaJ. Gen. Frank A. Hellman, chief of Army transportation, and Drig. Gen. Andrew F. Mclntyre, Philadelphia, a reserve officer on leave from the Ponn.syl- nnla Railroad. Assistant. Army Secretary Karl R. Bcndetscn was designated as the overall .supervisor. Hoth sides tn the 18-month dispute suggested that their differences might now be allowed lo simmer for a while. The unions called thcv seizure order a "tremendous victory" because they had been urging such action since August 4. Actually, however, seizure relieves pressure from both sides. Th« carriers will operate as usual without the threat of a strike hanging over their heads. The unions won't have to worry about being militant enough In behalf of iiiclr demands because strike action seems out. It seemed that neither side gained an advantage over the other due to sclr.ure. A union spokesman suggested that new negotiators for the railroads might be assigned to take wcr the bargaining, but there was no Indication of this. The unions hav prcotestcd that "lawyers and junior executives," instead of railroad presidents, have been doing Sec KAI1.S on Pajc S egations Just before session, was thought the council by informed Soybeans — -•-—........ ,,«o UUIW,.IIM:U 1/3 i|uni ivi.-> hee to have spiked lhe rcsulls of the week-lone Kurnhv,a, propaganda gun they expected Mal- Sfe KOREA on I'.IKC 8 Ik lo fire at the meeting. Chicago. Aug. 26. (APj _ Soybeans— Nov. . Jan. . M:T. . May . High . 2.49 \ . 2.52 . 2.54 >i . 2,56 >'. Lo'.v 2.47 >i 2.50 2,52 '. 2.54 'i 2.40 '., 1.51 >•; 2.54 H 2.56 '.i British Seek Showdown on Schuman Plan Role STRASBOURG, France, Ail*. 20 (AP)—British Conservatives In Oie Consultative Assembly lodny lirad- cd for a showdown In Iheir last mlnulc drive to get Britain a place In the Schuman Plan to pool West Euiope's coal and steel. Their purpose was to weaken plans for a projected supranational authority to the point where II would be acceptable to themselves nnri (he Labor Government. British Conservatives Harold MncMillan and David Bccles led the campaign In the assembly behind a resolution calling upon lhe six pool nations to allow Britain to •participate fully | n the plan witli- m the framework of the Council of Europe. The sin natloni an Fraii/e, Western Germany. Belgium, Holland. Luxembourg and Italy. Kccles claimed wide support for such a statement as an amendment lo the economic committee report endorsing the Schuman Plan. This was the top (tern on the day's agenda. Putting lhe plan nlililn (lie Council of Europe would permit Britain to retain a veto over the authority's decisions In the committee of foreign ministers. Sleadfistlj Refused British spokesmen have steadfastly refused lo extend supranational powcis to the proposed authority. Debate on the Schuman Plan took the assembly spotlight, a s both the economic and general affairs committees met for furlhcr study of other problems. These Included projwsals for a European transport authority, * European economics ministry, a unified agricultural organization, a European bank and a European loans agency. Tlic general affairs .~ommittc>! pigeon-holed Winston Churchill'* proposal for a European army and defense minister, proposals for * European flag and stamp and a motion for a peace treaty with Western Germany. The treaty proposal, submitted by Jacques Bardoux of France, was considered "too delicate" for action at this time, although the committee recogni/ed thai assembly opinion was "largely favorable" to th« idea.