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Uctober 1, 1874. 6 THE CATH 0 LIC TJNI them were Republicans. If so, the Imperialist and the Royalist must bave kept silent. But Iheir silence need not be taken as refusing consent to Marshal MacMahon's Government. The World's Population.
According to a work on the population of the world, issued this year at Gotha, Uertnanv byDrs. Behm and agner, ther extant humanity- of Aggregates 1,391,032 00(i souls, distributed as follow: Asia, 798 000 ortn Europe, 300,500,000. Africa, ArZr! ica, 84,500,000, and Australia and Polynesia 4,500,000. Tbe chief Christian nationaS number thus: Russia, German United States, 40,000,000, Austria France, British IV lands, 32,000,000 (Christian Coloniea in Europe' America, Asia, Africa and Australia, say in Italy, Spain, ltj.OOO 000-wltb the minor populations of Sweden, ben-mark, Portugal, Switzerland, Holland and Belgium. Of these fourteen States the predorai.
ualing leligions are a follows: Russia, Greek Catholic, Austria, France, Italy, Spain, Bel-glum and Portugal, Roman Catholic, United States, Germany, Great Britain, Sweden, Ho), land and Denmark, Protestant leaving Swit-zeriaud balanced, though the Protestant polity the Church may be persecuted elsewhere, the Catholic of England are free, and enjoy equal laws with the rest of tbelr fellow-countrymen. The Triduum ended on Mdnday evening, when the band of pilgrims to Pontigny attended the Pro-Cathedral, the Initiatory devotions- of the Pilgrimage were performed. The sermon wa preached by the Rt, Rev. Mgr. Patterson, Pre ident of St.
Edmund's College, wbo mentioned in his discourse that he had received a letter from "a very hleh dignitary of the Anglican Establishment," conveying bi warm sympathy and good wishe for their undertaking. The next morning (Tuesday) tbe pilgrims, to tbe number of between four and five hundred, assembled at the Victoria Railway Station, after hearing an early Mass at the various churches of the metropolis. There were amongst thtm, Lord Edmund Howard and the Earl of Gainsboroughtransformed by the Jhmet' reporter into "Lord Edward Howard and Lord Scarborough" and many, other distinguished persons of both the clergy and laity, some of whose name appear below. Mgr. Cupel was there also; but he only came to wish the pilgrims bon toyaae.
and did not accompany them on the The Ruby and the Rose. lie was the lord of Merlin toner, An3 1 fit bat of low degree; She had her beauty or her dowf jl Ner other treasure needed ahe; He came, when hawthorns were a-fiower, And atroTe to steal mj love from me. Oh I she waa sweeter tban the wind That bloweth over Indian Isles; As April bright, than Jane more kind. Fawn-wild, and fail of winsome wile And aUsl had learned to find My only life beneath her smiles. He ent my love a rnby rare.
That might have grated Imperial brows. No gem had I. To deck her hair I sent her bnt a simple rose; And prayed her, on a night, to wear The gift of him whose love she chose. "Come, qneen of all my heart's desire I Crown me or slay! My soul is stirred To challenge fate. My pulses tire Of fear's chill tremor.
Sings the bird Of hope for him who dares aspire A lover's scroll, and wild of word! watched her coming, he and With ntter dread my heart stood still, he moon's wan crescent waned on high, i iThe nightingale had sung his fill, In the dim distance seemed to die echo of his latest trilL i The flower-trailed gate, onr tryst or old, Gleamed whllely 'neath the clustering bloom Of the dusk-starring Issmine. Cold Ills shadow fell; a ghostly gloom Lurked where It lay. Oh, heart o'erbold! Iiaet thou but hastened ntter doom? A still cold smile slept on his fsce, That all mvhopea to anguish froze; Then, in the alienee of the place, We beard her flower-pied porch nnclose. And in her hair's silk soft embrace There nestled warm a ripe red rose! King's wish and screw up the 2nd. September to tbe dignity of a national festival, they have to see ail their plans frustrated by ope of the chief leaders of the "Reichsfeind" enemy of the Emr-ire a Bishop into the' bargain.
The Right Reverend Bishop Ketteler, of Mayence, bas sent to the clergy a circular about that festival, declaring that neither the Church nor the Catholics could take part in it, because it was initiated by a party resolved on destroying the Church by enslaving ber to Liberalism. Also, the Church cannot take part, because that party only tbe other day accused the Catholics of being responsible for tbe attempt made at Kiseingen oy a wicked assassin. Tbe only thing the Church can do is to say a High Mass to supplicate God to restore peace and domestic concord to Geimany. As soon as notice about this circular had arrived here the inevitable courier was dispatched to Varzin to ask Bismarck what ought to be done, as tbe Ministers are in fear of the King's displeasure, bis heart's desire being that this festival should be instituted. The poor men have entirely lost their senses.
1 Tbe Spanish question is going on, thougb in secret; and ere long some new trick will be played, which may startle Europe, and bring to sname and grief certain great men who have made themselves the abject tools of' Prussian intrigue to recognize the Government of a sot of incendiaries and public robbers. I am informed that in the naval department here an anxious survey is being taken of the ships of war available for the transport of troops; and in the military department Ministers are considering how many troops they can spare for a Spanish intervention. That something is going on is certain, as great quantities of provisions are being sent to the magazines of the naval harbors as secretly as possibles Is it for tbe preservation of peace that Prussia wants to make trial of tbe famous "Erbswurst" a sausage made of meat and pease-ineal and to get her toy-ships afloat? One word in conclusion about two rescripts just issued by our Ministry; they are of some importance, as showing the bad conscience of this Government Tbe first orders all foreign Catholic priests to be turned out and brought over the even such who only came to pay a visit to a friend. As in instance I will relate that at Wiesbaden a French Catholic priest, who came to the waters for tbe benefit of his health, was spotted by the police as a spy, and arrested. Three weeks he has already been imprisoned without being brought to trial.
The second rescript prohibits State officers becoming members of Catholic unions, inasmuch as they are the hatching-places of disorder and disatlection. All Government employees, wbo may have become members, are peremptorily commanded to either quit the unions or to resign their posts. SPAIN. Adding up the populations of the two main divisions, the sum would be somewhat in favor of the Protestant eido, but that appearance would be deceplive, since there are far more Catholics in tbe United" States and Great Biilain than there are Protestams in such countries as Franco, Italy and Spain. But perhaps the question of imptrial loice would not be seriously aflected by that act.
The largest city in the world is London with nearly 3,500,000 people; the second is Sutchiui, iu China, 2,000 000; Paris comes third, and then Pekin New York and Philadelphia being the tenth and eighteejUhjre8peciiyelyTljerearejnlyjine cities in the world wilh one million of people and seven of these are in China; which lias a population of 425,000,000. Tbe people 0f India, chiefly under British rule or influence number 240,000,000. Thus, the regions in which both" the Scriptures and the latest cosmlcal theories locate the origin of the specie are the most crowded with human kind, wbicb it but laying that man si a race has clung to Fatherland, aud that distant areas have been peopled only by an exceptional spirit of adventure or the pressure of numbers on the means of subsistence. Brooklyn a Good Story. A goodstory is told of the ex-Confederate General Forrest, as follows: Being under the hands of a colored barber, the latter discovered wbo bis customer was, and informed him that he had a brother who fought at Fort Pillow.
"Ah," said the General, "and here is nowr" "He was killed there," replied the "artist." The General was only but quickly aud quietly he sua out of that chair, paid for a hole shave and sought some other shop. In reply to the curious gaze of friends whom be met on the way, he said, "1 like to bave only half of my face shaved alt time," Frenca Peculiarities. Him) Fa experience in the French Capital ti.e nn-eries of which be poetically set forth after uriN, were somewhat Oilloreiit from those ot Mark Twain. Among other verses of like Irnaency, he wrote these: vt to to Itance, I ytm know the lingo. If -oa do, tlso Voa'ii rtpenl, 1J jtsifo.
"Films I bad to maka Kor every liitle noiioa: Arms all the whila agoinr. i.lae a telegraph iu luooon. "If I wanted a borne, lion do von ibink 1 got I aimic mi caar. Vendome Column. The work of the Commune- has been far undone that the Vendome Column is now completely restored to its former soil.
The finishing stroke wai put to it on Monday afternoon, and the tricolor flag was hoisted on its summit. It is the column only which is finished the statue of Napoleon is not so as yet, and will be ready for erection not earlier than the end of this mouth ROME. Taxation in the Boman State. In 1822, when IPiu regained Rome, it was estimated that every subject in the Pontifical dominions were taxed Jto the amount; of nine lire and thirty-five centesimi, or about seven shillinga and nine-pence halt'-peni y. So states Gutmbattista Siy, in his Pulilicul Ecunmtiy, vol.
page 3S4. This amount was reduced under Leo but was increased subsequently owing to the expenses caused by the revolution. The budget in the Pontifical for the year 1857 CHii.e to tne sum of 71,733,3334 lire, and accordingly each Komar paid on an average twenty-two lire and ninety-five centesimi. "This rate of taxation was gradually diminishing under the able and economical administration of Pius IX. At present, under the rule of the Saidtninn Government, the Romans pay per head more than thrice as much aa nuder Pius IX.
The fianciat statistics of Victor Euimanuel'sGoverniuent, just published for Ihe year 1S7U, show4hat eacU-tubabttaBt-ef-the Roman States pay now per bead 73 lire. And there is little hope the present rate of taxation will continue at the standard of the year 1873. On the contraiy every one expects the rate of taxation will be largely increased. The Ministers are engaged in studying, not how they reduce, but how they can iucrease taxation. The abundant harvest of this year will give fresh field for new taxes, and Minghetti will endeavor to lessen by new impositions the ever increasing annual deficit.
Sales of Church Properly. The Ganelta Cjlciale publishes a statement of the auctions of toe bouses and lands seized and sold by ihe Government. In the month gl July 1874, no less thun 855 separate lots were disposed of, realizing 2,025,033 lire. In the preceding months of the same year, .1874, properties were sold to tbe amount of 17,471,177 lire, divided into 0,488 lots; and from 1807 to the end of 1873, 94,676 lots were sold, realizing the sum of 447,057,897 lire. Tbe total number of lots sold between the 2fith of October, the 31st of July, 1874, was The total sum realized by these sales duiiug that period was 467,154,708 lire.
In the Roman Province tbe seizure of Church property are thus summarized in a State paper submitted to tbe Italian Chamber of Deputies on the 2d of June, 1874, and printed in the Atti L'fficiall deUa Camera, No. 812, page 322. Up to the 31st' of December, 1873, twenty-seven Religious Corporations were dispossessed, having a revenue of 90,032 lire from estates, besides 85,080 lire from chattel property. Twenty-five corporation suppressed by the law of 1867 were seized during tbe same eriod. Their estates revenue was 58,750 lire, and tbelr chattel revenue was 35,478 lire.
Add to these 213 corporations preserved, hot subject-to tonveraion. Tlreir estates revenue was lire, and there chattel 165,201 lire. Ti.e total of these Ecclesiastical Corporations was 267, and their total rerulita from estates 462,428 liie, while 'their other chattel prop rty amounted to tbe Bum of lire. All these tjures were effected within the short spafce of tlx onth in the Province of Rome. Thjifcit-izure include 13 Bishops' mensals; 11 cathedrals; 88 canotiries and minor benefices; and 10 collegiate institutions.
The state paper adds that Government comes Into possession of 4,054 ecclesiastical institutes within the Province of Rome! ENGLAND. The Pilgrimage to Poatlgnr. The Triduum of devotions held in the various chinches uf London, in preparation for the pilgrimage to Pontieny was very well attended, both by those ho intended going, and, of course, still more numerously by those who have joined in the pilgrimage spiritually and in intention. The prayer uaed consisted of devotions oa b.balf of the Church militant, and especially "its pastors now under for "the peace of the Christian world, now menaced every where by anti-Christian and, lastly, for "our Holy Father the Pope." These prayer were accompanied by short versicles, to be repeated by the priest and the people alternately, imploring "St. Thomas oi Uanteruury, rt.
Mnmnd or Canterbury," and all "tbe martyrs and confessors of England" to "pray lor us." tbe wbole service was brought to a conclusion by three hymns "God bless our Pope, tbe great, the "Faith of our and the "Hymn of St. Edmund," oi wmcii tue first terse run a follows: "Sine. EnctaiKi's was. the nralrea of 8L Edmund. Who lor CUrif Churrh brar'd nirthly power aad might, mm ior wtc oi itou ana cuumry, rorward for heaven, aud foremost in th- riflill Chorus Father St.
Kilmuud, thy pilgrim cross life's Ma; Lead us horns to Jesns, snd home, sneet saint, wilh thee." On Sunday evening Monsienor Patterson. Rector of the College of Si. Edmund, near ware, preached at the pro-Cathedral at Kensington, the fourth of a series of sermons on Ihe coming pilerimage, taking his text from Romans 10: "With tbe heart man btlievclh unto justice, but with the mouth confession Is made nnto salvation." Here wa always, and there must be while human nature remained the same, an intimate connection between the toward feelings and tbe outward words and acts of man; and though his words and deeds were not an Infallible index, yet they were the best and most trustworthy pioof of wbat wa passing within bis breast. If so, it was too bad of the world, and of philosophers in general, to relegate religion to the inner sanctuary oi the heart, and to forbid it to make any outward display. This, he urged, is not what tbe world doc when it want to put forward any scheme and plan of l.s own, some exhibition of the arts and sciences, or some eoulerence on behalf of commerce, or even on behalf of some small philanthropic measure for the benefit of a sec-tiou of the community or even of the lower animals.
Iben nothing can Ui too much in tbe way of display, and no act is omilted by which the interest of the public may be secured. Such being tbe case; he urged, were not Catholic doing only what wan seemiy, and fit, and proper by manifesting their faith In tbe eyes of rtie world by an outward and public act, going foith to Pontipy to the shrine of St. Edmund, once Archbishop of Canterbury, in order to evince their belief and their trust in a living personal God, and not a mere philosophical abstraction, and in the intercession of the Mints, who, dead to this woild, reign to Him and with II im in glory? And he concluded by saying that be knew and felt that tbey would carry along wilh tlietu tbe good wmbes, the sympathies, and the prayers of all religion eciiont of tbe community in this effort, and In allowing to the nations of the Continent that, however journey, being, as was understood, detained at Kensington by important duties connected wifA the and approacmng commencement of the College of Higher Studies, At twenty minutes past eight the Pilgrimage left Victoria for New haven, under ihe conduct of Mgr. Patterson; the train arriving in due course. The passage across the Channel could not have been a smooth one, as the wind was blowing half a gale from the south-west, but we hear of no complaints.
On the journey the itinerarium and other devotions as prescribed in the programme of the pilgrimage were accurately earned out. TEMPERANCE. A Word to onr Temperance Soclllea. Notwithstanding the great influence Daniel O'Connell bad over the people ot lieland, be never could have conducted Ihe monster meetings be held all over the country only that the Rev. Father Mathew preceded him.
Prior to that reverend gentleman's administration of the Total Abstinence pledge, the people could not congregate at a fair, market, racecourse or patren without quarreling that is too mild a name for it without fighting. And in numerous instances the loss of life was the result During the time of O'Connell's agitation for a repeal' of the Union, the people were temperate and continued so for a number of years; but by degrees they were assailed by the insiduous publican, and those who would not break tbe pledge openly were impelled lo do it by the agency of cordials and otber beverage claimed as temperate drinks, but doctored by tbe wiley whiskey seller lo entrap them into the old habits. This practical demonstration of the real benefits of total abstinence should act as a guiding light to Irishmen in this country. Many of them who are, up to the present, frequenters of the saloons, were old enough to wiluesa tbe good eflects of Father Mathew's work in Ireland. The moderate drinker or be who claim lo be so? will say, "Oh I can take a drink or two at any time and it never hurt me." This is not so.
It is from the rank of nlerale drinkers all the drunkard come. True, they are moderate for a lime, but by degrees King Alcohol becomes boss, and their numerous resolve lo quit the vile stuft are, day by day, becoming weaker, until tippling become habitual instead of occasional. The fines paid in tbe police courts of the city by men aye, and woturn of onr own nationality, would foot up a considerable amount at the end of the year. These fines all come from person wbo have tmall wage in a word, they come from the poorer class, whom intemperance impoverishes and degrades; and this thing goes steadidly on from year to year without i ny organized eflort to stop it; probubly tbe bei.t erlorls could not effectually wean these people of their intemperance, as long as the tempting dram shops are so numerous; but some means should be devised by which a few at least would be leformed. Weitern (JatfuAic.
The habit or Drinking A man that take a dram to-day will surely want it to morrow. Those who drink daiiy are the most punctual in time in no business engagement are they so exact not even at metis. Another incident equally maikeil i the desire of a larger potation, consequent upou successive indulgence, and this, when there Is not much self control ends speedily in drunkenness or if a man ha resolution enough to avoid that extreme he still hu a gnawing sensation uneasiuess that unfits him more or less for business. Il is almost invar.ably seen that whoever tukes au intoxicating driiilt daily, be-comesja lounger, asting part of his lime in unprofitable talk; generally will be a frequenter of bar-rooms or other like places of result, and this will glow upon him as he drink oflener. Aristotie sets down in the class of intemperate men, not merely those who actually indulge lo excess, bul those ho have a desire for such indulgence, and feel a pain for want of it In the early stage of intemperance there i tome-thing exceedingly deceptive.
The desire seems not to be very strong; a man UiiiAi he tan easily break off. Nothing is more common than to hear moderate drinkers say ihcy can give up the habit whenever they choose. Let such a one try ll and be will find that what he thought was merely voluntary is a power like that of the many armed sea uioDslcrs that fixes a fatal grasp wliile yet 'the victim Is at a distance aud unconscious of the presence Of bis enemy. AguiMhere is a deception in advanced life, a feehug'of security in the formation of a new habit. It is not likely (thiuks I'je respectable elderly man) thai at my tune of life I should fail iuu eie when 1 bave always heretofore been regular.
Yet nothing is more likely than it indulgence be yield' lo at all ll will undor this false security become excessive, and tbe instance re not unfrequenl of men who were in early youth exemplary, giving tbemselvc up to unlawful gratification In later year. Bulzac bas sharply depicted a proclivity of sensual pleasure between the ages of fifty and sixty, when is olten seen an inlalustion wholly beyond control. This theory applie nol ttieiely to the passion of love whatever may be a man's propensity i apt at that age to break through restraint Plato rebuked a man for playing at dice, who answered that he wa playing only for a tritle. But, tald Plato, is the habit a triller Ot all habit none are so controlling as indulgence in trong drink. The appetite i constantly increasing, while moral energy is becoming weaker.
In the ordinary course there 1 therefore little nope of reform, and ll Is rare to see complete recuperation; loss of fortune pain of disease, misery of his family, do not reclaim the confirmed Inebriate. The' fear of uch re-ult may check In some degree tbe moderate drinker, but In most cases even this 1 only for a time. Ill miud becomes clouded, bi moral perception imparled, and while he may be conscious of bis weakened condition and it cause still be will seek temporary trength In the fatal expcdleat of more frequent stimulant, 'Jis Hiinxtarinn. Subscribe for the CaHiellc Un'on. FOEEIOf SEWS.
Correspondence of London Tablet Record of German Persecution, BUhop Belkens and I nlty. A fresh impetus to the aspirations of Old-CatholicUin furnished by a report of a certain gentleman regarding a conversion with ReikenS, which be describes in the liberal Old-Catholic DevUchcn Blatter: "I was uncertain upon two points, and I wished to satisfy my doubts by a personal interview. Tbe first point was whether in Old-Catholicism, when a member after most earnest examination of a doctrine even fundamental doctrine, should interpret it freely, or hold it for symbolical, the result would be erpukion or anathema? Hereupon Bishop Reinkens answered me that anathema and expulsion were in contiadiction with tbe spirit of Christian love; each one should follow his own convictions; the Church which naturally was obliged to set forth a confession of faith, in accordance with the teaching of Christ and His Holy Spirit, looked upon those also as belong-in? to ber who lived according to their best convictions, oi were led by the voice of their conscience (so there is room for all, for all declare At least list they live according to tbelr convic tiona.) The second point regards ptfblic I expressed my opinion that tbe rieater number of those wbo turned away from Protestantism did so because they found in it no public worship of an exalted kind. The, Bishop remarked that unhappily at this time! tbe ideas of science, organization Came so prominently forward, thai those who fought for the good cause were overpowered, and that for the moment tbe organization for the reform of public woiship was wanting. He hoped that the requisite means would soon be found; for at present his great aim was to do away with everything that could bring to mind superstition, and the harsh Intolerance of Ultra-montanisai," fcc.
Tbe writer then sooths himself with the dreamy hope that in Old Catholicism a middle way has been found, wherein the various religious persuasions, the Russian, the Anglican, and the Armenian, may meet. Well, there might be a Cburch for this world, like Freemasonry, for all who have no religion left --but unfortunately they would have very little interest in uniting, even in appearance.for religion purposes. Proaeeallon of Priests. Every day brings fresh accounts of the expulsion or imprisonment of Calbolic priests, of the closingof Catholic associations, and domiciliary visits. At Konigsbt-rg there was a domiciliary visit made to the members of tbe committee of St.
Vincent Association, which iiemirey devoted to benevolent works, and another to the President of the Borromean Association. Brilon in Westphalia, has been particularly favored during tbe latter part of August with sentence of expulsion against priesis. Nine priests were sent away in eight days. Tbe last of these bad Uen sent to assist a parish priest, who on account of falling health could not perform his duties. There was a touching farewell between this priest and the congregation with its sick pastor.
Tue congregation had assembled before the presbytery; the invalid priest came outside his door on crutches, and spoke a few words to tbe people upon bis and their great loss; he then embraced the friend snatched from him by force, and dismissed him with his Messing. The people accompanied the depart- grjriest-rntheTnilroad station some miles distant. In the Rbiue provinces the "Culture-war" against priests has been directed towards a favorite plate of pilgrimage, the Apjllinatis church at Hemagen, some miles from Bonn, celebrated a a splendid work of art, and visited by all who pass that way, whether from devo-tiun, curiosity, or love of art Count Fursten-berg built tbl little cburcj several years ago, and tbeVare of tbe services was by the advice of ttie late King Frederic William entrusted to the Franciscan Fathers. For seventeen years these Fathers bave been working most profitably for. the whole neighborhood; now, by an order of government, all this is to be at an end.
Many of tbe fathers have already auflered from the animosity of the Government; only one remains who can perform tbe ecclesiastical functions unmolested, and bil authorization ceaaea on the 20th of Jan-uaryof next year. The suspicions of the Government appear to be dlreaed against all foreign priest. It is rumored that tbe Minister of tbe Interior, In conjunction with the Minister of Public Worship, has advised tbe Government, for the sake of the State, to lanuhfrom lrvsia all foreign priettt. A Belgian and Frenchman have been sent away from Bonn; Ibe latter having only come to make use of tbe German philosophical literature of the university libiary of a great scientific work. He has made complaint to the French Ambassador.
PRUSSIA. As long as I lite I never expect to see men so mrtiflod and la sorh a pitiable position as our Ministers are Jufint muavnt. After they had done everything ai Uicir power to accord the Relative Strength of tbe Belligerents In ftpaln. We collect from the various sources of information open to us some details as to the relative strength and position of the opposing Governments in Spain; and we give them without professing any very implicit reliance on their correctness, although they may probably be regarded as forming as near an approxi-nation to the truth as can be arrived at under present circumstances. Tbe force of the Car-list army on the 15th of July consisted of 53,732 infantry in dispersed battalions; of which thirteen were in containing 18,043 men; nine hs Biscay, containing men; nine in Guipuscoa, or 14,427 men; and tbe rest in other provinces.
Of cavalry, in three regiments, Don Carlo had 14,409 men, which were soon to be raised to twice their number. Of artillery be possessed four mountain batteries of twenty-eight guns; four batteries on wheels of fortv-eight guns, and sixteen mortars. This was prior to bis receipt of twenty-seven cannon at Bermeo. Besides these regular troops there are numerous bodies of guerilla bands who call themselves Cailists, and are here, there, and everywhere, and wbo push their predatory excursions almost to the very gates of Madrid. Don Carlos may be said, ithout risk of exaggeration, to be in po.session of the whole of the North of Spain, of all Navarre, and Guipuscoa; his troops overrun Biscay, Alava, and Castile on the one side, and and Catalonia on the other.
The plain of New Castrle lies beioie hiir, and there docs not appear to exist any obstacle to oppose his march on Madrid save the multitudes of hastily -raised, discontented, and disorganized militia under the orders Of Marshal Zabala and the other generals of tbe Republic. The Paris letter in Wednesday's fane says that the strcnuth and audacity of the Carlisle are daily increasing; that the Madrid Government is powerless to guard the French frontier, across which supplies are continually furnished to the Carlists out of French territory by the expert smugglers of the Pyrenees, in spite of all the exertions of the local French authorities, stimulated as they now are by remonstrances from Madrid and watcher from Berlin. The writer adds that the forces of Marshal Serrano are unable to drive the Carlists from the provinces ihey occupy. The Madrid Government nominally holds the rest of Spain under its rule, but it's attempt to raise a levy en moan bas proved a failure; the recruiting is everywhere evaded, and in many instances is met by open and forcible resistance. This fact stands in remark-able contrast with another; namely, that the combatant on the Royalist side arc, without exception, volunteer.
A to the military force at tbe disposal of tbe Republic we know nothing very definite; but we know as a certainty in addition to what ha been- Mated above-that good foldiers are very scarce in that service, and that officer, at least gook ones, are even scarcer. Marshal Ztbcla is still in the field, and stated to have under bis command about 80,000 troop, of whom not more than 26,000, including the division of Moriones, were available for strategical operations. Concha had 85,000 men and sixty gun when he was defeated and killed. Zabala health is said to be in so weak a state that be will shortly have to retire from active military duty. By recent account he had suffered a defeat at the hands of GeneraLAlvarez and had gone to Madrid, leaving bi command in tbe cbaige of Geneial Loma and Lazerna.
General Moriones i reported to be about to resign. General Loma i In command of tbe garrison at Viltoria. FRANCE. Brittany aad the President. Tbe political discoveries made on Marshal MacMabon' official progress naturally formed the subject of an interview between tbe President and hi Minister when be relumed to Paris.
The Marshal 1 represented expressing bil surprise that bi own personal reception was not more cordial. We simply disbelieve, however, that anybody bad led tbe President to expect, or that he did expect, an enthusiastic reception in Brittany. There aecms, nevertheless, to bave been no want of quiet respect; certainly no manifestations of an insulting or even of disrespectful character are alleged to bave len beard from the, crowds assembled to meet the bend of the Repu' lie at the Various towus at which be alighted, The cries wore chi'fly those of lUtntUiqut. It (ecu liir to eoi-cluui that tlie piopie who laised Ana maae oeneve 10 irm iu Twain' description of his "First Suppf in France" sbow a different Male of things there now. He says: "We stopped at the first cafe we came to, and entered.
An old woman seated us xt a table and waiwd for order. The doctor said: 'Avez vous du "Tbe dame looked perplexed. The doctor said again with elaborate distinctness of articulation: 'Avez vous du "Tbe dame looked more perplexed than before I aid 'Doctor, there ia a flaw in your pronunciation somewhere. IjkI me try her." 'Madame, avez vous du Il isn't any use, doctor; lake the witness," 'Madame, avez Tout du vin ou fromngt pain pickled pigs feet beurre de tefs du beuf horseradish sourcroui bog aud hum-iny auythinir, anything in the World thai can slay a ChriMiau's "She said: 'Bless you, why didn't ynu speak English before? 1 don't know anything about your plaqued This same lauguagc was matter of complaint years ago to a writer from France, under the nom de finme of "The Disbanded Volunteer." He speaks of it a "onhandy to atticklate." "The grauimer," bo aays, "i oiful, pecially the jeuders, and Ibe uocommou Inconsistent A pie is a he, and yet Ihey call it Patty, and a loaf Is le, too, but if you cut a slice oil of it, Uint't a Tbe pen Tin a-drivlng Is the paper I'm a-wriiing on I a Au A thief, bo further remarks, "is masculine, bul the baiter that baug bun feminine-" Bul this he thinks it not so bad, as there i some little satisfaction in being embraced by a female nooes. tn he declares, lo poll femrny but I'm Wowed if they doiit pro-" nouuet it Join!" The Lonflevlty of Tree.
From an article by Kliu Lewis, on the iong-gevlly of trees, published In tbe Jtfular ikitnee Monthly, wo the following fuels of the greatest age of trees: Year. Palms 800 White Pine W'adsworlh Oak, Oeneaco, N. 'Evergreen, Cypress, Spain Cowthorpe Oak, England Oakt Saintca, France Chestnut, Tcrtworih, England IP Linden, Vurteniburg, Germany Lv Ctdcr of libation Cypres of Monieznnia, Mexico 2,000 Cypres of Santa Mari dele Tule Anaerwyke House Yew, England V1 Baroene Cnurcbyrd Yew Sequoia, California Baobab, Africa According to thi 500 years may be reckoned tbe longest life of a tree In the ulled east ot the Rocky Mountains. Gov. Seymour on Beecher.
A correspondent of tbe Brooklyn A'V't writing from Utica, where tbe Republican Contention wa held, say among otber things: Had a long and interesting discussion tk Bmhrr-Tllton matter with Governor Scymotir The Governor aald "Mr. Beecher' preaching bu been trnnseridcnlal, enailonal, sucu; be bin fallen a victim in tbo-pouwnou a'mospheto wlih li he bas created..
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