1942 NOVEMBER '1942 CTOFY ENLIST YOUR BUY VNITSSt DOLLARS WAR s HAM PS FORTY-NINTH YEAR - 'flft ( im mm Mies , - ' " - . . v 1 T JC k X X I nnrnnn nnrn . 5. Troops Drive Down on Jap Buna Base From North ; ; '. ; : ; : Surprise Flank Move Made in New Guinea (By Associated Press) GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Australia, Nov. 8. (Sunday) American combat troops are in action near Buna, vital Jap base on the north New Guinea coast, Gen. Douglas MacArthur disclosed today. Simultaneously, General MacArthur disclosed that the allies have occupied Goodenough island to the northeast of New Guinea, off Collingwood bay, in an obvious flanking movement. It was from Buna, In midsummer, that the Japanese began a drive across the tortuous trails of the Owen Stan'ey mountains which carried to within 32 miles of Port Moresby, allied base on the south coast, before it was stalled. Late in September the allies began encircling and infiltration movements which rolled the Japs back, and yesterday's communique had mentioned bitter fighting at Oivl, which Is 55 miles south of Buna. "American ground troops in force, transported by air from Australia during the last month, have penetrated central and northern Papua to the vicinity of Buna," a communique stated. "The allied forces now control all of Papua except the beachhead in the Buna-Gona area," Australians Meeting Resistance at Oivi The surprising development came as a thrust around the eastern end of New Guinea from Milne bay, whore Jap troops landed in July, only to be pinned against the sea and slain or forced to their ships. "Units from Milne bay," the communique said, "have now completed o 1 e a r i n g remnants of hostile forces from the islands to the north and have occupied adjacent strategic points." While this disclosure was being made, Australian ground forces still ware meeting fierce resistance at Oivi, where the retreating Japs are making a stand. Today's communique said the Australians maintained constant pressure and were resorting to their hitherto successful tactics of local encircling movements In efforts to dislodge the defenders. The allied air force continued to support the overland drive with strafing attacks on the Jap troops. Doughboys Sped To New Guinea By Air Ferries By DEAN SCHEDLER (Associated Press Writer) SOMEWHERE IN NEW GUINEA, Oct. 21. (Delayed) American infantry soldiers trained to a fighting edge and itching for a scrap have gone into the battle area in the mist-filled jungles of New Guinea in the first United States mass movement of infantry by air. The 1942 version of the American doughboy, garbed in regulation army fatigue uniform, camouflaged a motley green, was rushed to New Guinea by airplane ferry and sent into almost immediate combat along with the Australians to drive the Japanese off this embattled island. The United States army wrote a new and brilliant chapter in its history of v..rfare by moving a strong striking force more than 600 miles entirely by air. Hour after hour troops with full equipment were shuttled across the Coral sea from the Australian mainland. The number of air-borne troops was undisclosed, but they were in considerable force and well equipped and well trained. They were reinforced shortly afterward by additional Americans taken to New Guinea by water. IT WILL COST MONCT TO BEAT THE ENEMY. rOOR GOVERNMENT CALLS ON TOD TO HELP NOW. BUT WAR BONDS AND STAMPS EVERY DAT. IF SOU CAN. THIRTY-TWO PAGES 1,000 U. S. . , - -- "-- Troops Lost In Solomons (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Nov. 7. American soldiers and marines, and their supporting air and naval forces, have killed at least 5,188 Japanese in the Guadalcanal-Tu-lagi area of the Solomon islands since the invasion began three months ago today. Comparable American losses can be estimated at about one-fifth of the Japanese total, or 1,000 men, on the basis of a remark by Secretary Knox yesterday that enemy casualties were more than five timeb as great as ours. The total of Japanese dead was announced by the navy in a communique which also reported that 369 enemy planes had been destroyed in the south Pacific during October. Including these, the total of Japanese planes destroyed since the beginning of the Solomons campaign as reported in navy communiques stands at 529. Army Troops Make Eastward Advance An earlier communique announced that army troops had mads an eastward advance on Guadalcanal in what appeared to be a drive to slash off the eastern arm of a Jap pincer movement against the American-held airfield. This account also disclosed that light Japanese attacks on the American western flank Thursday night (Guadalcanal time) had been repulsed and that U.S. aircraft were continuously bombing anil strafing Jap troop concentrations and supply centers. The Japanese renewed air attacks on American positions Thursday when 27 bombers and fighters came over but caused no damage. It was the first air attack there since Oct. 29. The navy statement summarizing Japanese killed gave a breakdown of the total which reflected clearly the periods of most intense action in the hard-fought campaign for control of the strategic jumping-off (Continued on Page 2, Column 1) Tokyo Says Jap Navy in Atlantic to Aid Nazis (By United Press) TOKYO, Nov. 8.-(Sunday), (Japanese broadcast recorded by United Press, San Francisco) Tokyo radio said today Japanese naval units have penetrated the Atlantic ocean to join Germany's U-boats in smashing allied sea communications. (The broadcast did not specify what kind of Japanese naval craft were in action in the Atlantic or where.) The Japanese broadcast, quoting an imperial headquarters announce German General General Ritter von Thoma, commander of the German Afrika korps and third of the top-ranking axis leaders in the African desert war, walks ahead of a British officer, in this official British picture 'radioed to New York from Cairo, after his capture. Big R.A.F. Bombers Strike Genoa Again Flying Forts and Liberators Raid Large U-Boat Base at Brest in Daylight (By Associated Press) LONDON, Nov. 8. (Sunday) British bombers smashed at military targets in Italy last night for the second successive night only a few hours after United States heavy bombers attacked the German submarine base at Brest. It was the sixth time in the last 22 days that British planes have attacked Italy. During that period, Genoa, Milan, Turin and Sa-vona have been bombed. The raid on Brest was made by flying fortresses and Liberators (Consolidated B-24's), accompanied by R.A.F. fighters. A communique said bombs were seen striking the target the docks and submarine (Continued on Page 2, Column 3) ment on Japan's submarine warfare, Bald Japanese submarines at the same time had crossed the Pacific to sink two American oil tankers totaling 14,000 tons off the west coast of the United States during September. "Japanese naval units have caught enemy submarines in the waters neighboring Japan, the Pacific and the Indian ocean and in the southern seas," the Tokyo radio added, "sinking 59 enemy submarines and destroying 38 others." xMMfpqper for Saa AITB rU DAO.1 OKANM SILS KIWI Captured TER IF BE (By United Press) LONDON, Nov. 8. (Sunday) A United States army spokesman de clared tonight that the invasion of French African colonies is "the start of the real American war in the European theater of operations." "The action far overshadows any American action in this hemisphere previously," the spokesman said. "It will be carried out with he utmost vigor. It marks a turning point from the training period to actual fighting." There was no immediate word as to the reaction of the French forces In the African colonics. However, it was not doubted that resistance would be encountered The French African governors and commanders have been engaged in almost constant consultation and preparation for such a move for mors than a month. NEW 1 BeaiarSiao County, BRITISH BREAK SECOND STAND BY AXIS ARMY 100,000 of Rommel's 140,000 Men Captured or Trapped Far Behind African Front MONTGOMERY SPURS MEN ON .''f- Imperials'Slash at Fleeing Foe West of Matruh in Effort to Eliminate Him Completely :! (By Associated PressV- CATRO.'gypt. Nov. 7. Approximately 100,000 men of Marshal Rommels axis army of 140,000 were reported captured or pinned down in pockets far behind the swiftly moving African front today as the British eighth army swept on toward the Libyan border after smashing the German armor in its second attemp-ed stand. Disregarding the thousands of foot soldiers left in the dusty backwash of the battlcfront, Lieut.-Gen. Bernard L. Montgomery's British and American tanks tore into the disorganized flanks of their main prize the battered remnants of the German armored divisions west of Matruh in an effort to eliminate them entirely. They already had caught up with this fleeing force once and sent it into headlong, harassed retreat a second time. 'Only Beginning of Our Task,' Says Montgomery Montgomery spurred his men on to swifter pursuit of the enemy with the admonition that the "battle just won is only the beginning of our task." The British object apparently was to harry Rommel's men constantly so they could not rest or regroup their shattered forces. Montgomery's observation was contained in the following order of the day to the eighth army: "I feel sure that the battle we have Just won is only the beginning of our task. There is much to be done yet, and it will call for supreme effort and great hardship on the part of every officer and man. Six Italian Divisions Abandoned by Rommel "Forward then to our task of re moving the Germans from north Africa. The Germans began this trouble, and they will get it. Let no officer or man relax, let us drive ahead westward, destroying the enemy wherever he is met." Today's communique announced that the counted prisoners now totaled well over 20,000 and .unoffi cial reports said six Italian divl- (Continued on Page 2, Column 2) Japan Ignores Africa Landing IBv United Press) SAN FRANCISCO, Nov.. 7. As America's armies invaded French Africa tonight, the Japanese radio, recorded by United Press here, still was asking its listeners: "Where are the American expeditionary forces?" . . . A Tokyo propaganda broadcaster, apparently Ignoring the African military departments, commented that "some 800,000 American soldiers have been sent abroad . . . but observers estimate that only some 100,000 to 200,000 American soldiers now are stationed in the southwest Pacific, some 100,000 in India and about 30,000 in West Asia." "Where," the broadcaster chlded, "are the rest of the American expeditionary forces T" fto 4 copy 11.10 t month Second Front Opened With Large Landings on Atlantic And Mediterranean Coasts (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Nov. 7. Powerful American expeditionary forces are landing on the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of the French colonies in Africa in the first big-scale offensive of the war under the Star Spangled Banner. ' An announcement of the action, obviously aimed at winning complete domination, of the Dark continent and reopening the Mediterranean sea for the united nations in conjunction with the victorious British drive westward from Egypt, was made in a simultaneous announcement tonight by President Roosevelt and a communique from the war department. The White House statement said the purpose of the move was two-fold: 1. To forestall an axis invasion there which "would constitute a direct threat to America across the comparatively narrow sea from western Africa." 2. To provide "an effective second front assistance to our heroic allies in Russia." Thus the axis had an emphatic answer to its attempts to "fish for information" by broadcasting accounts of heavy allied troop convoys escorted by warships mustering at the rock ofTJIbraltar in recent days. - The' troops apparently were some of those which have been concentrated in the British isles for some time, itching for action as they went through the final stages of their battle training, for they were commanded by Lieut.-Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, commander-in-chief in the European theater whose headquarters had been in Britain. General Eisenhower broadcast a message to the people of French north Africa on behalf of the president assuring them that "we come among you solely to destroy your enemies and not to harm you" and issued a proclamation instructing them how to cooperate. To signify cooperation, the general directed that they fly the French tricolor and the American flag, one above the other, or two tricolors by day and shine a searchlight vertically into the sky by night. He also directed French naval and aviation units to remain idle. Eisenhower's message indicated that the troops were pouring ashore in Morocco, which has both Atlantic and Mediterranean shores, and the remainder of French north Africa which comprises Algeria and Tunis on the Mediterranean. Landings also presumably were being made in the French west African colonies, including Senegal, whose capital of Dakar lies only 1,870 miles across the south Atlantic from the bulge of Brazil. , j The announcement gave no de- I tails of the composition of the First Reports Reveal Successful Landings By WES GALLAGHER (Associated Press Writer) ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, Nov. 8, (Sunday) American soldiers, marines and sailors from one of the greatest naval armadas ever put into a sinorle military operation swarmed ashore today on the Vichy-controlled north Africa shore before dawn, striking to break Hitler's hold on the Mediterranean. First reports reaching allied headquarters said that American assault parties had made successful landings near two main objectives, but official quarters warned that it was too early to properly evaluate these advices. Tall, decisive Lieut.-Gen. Dwight. D. (Ike) Eisenhower, supreme commander of the huge forces involved in the operation, worked throughout the night directing the first great American blow at the axis. Included In the forces were crack combat troops, rangers (air-borne units) and the cream of America's airmen. British naval and air force units supported the American landing forces, who were preceded by a snowstorm of leaflets and a radio barrage promising the French the United States had no intention of seizing French possessions and only sought to prevent axis infiltration. Longest Overwater Military Operation It undoubtedly was the longest overwater military operation ever attempted, with hundreds of ships in great convoys coming thousands of miles under the protection of British and American sea and air might. I came on one of these big convoys. Fighting-fit American soldiers and airmen, who did not know U. S. Planes Attack Rangoon's Shipping (By United Press NEW DELHI, India, Nov. 7. A large force of American planes raided the docks at Japanese-held Rangoon, Burma, yesterday, it was announced today. uit. Mod. Tun. WhI. Thurk tt. tat. 1 2 3.4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 ,23 24 25 26 27. 28 29 30 SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 8, 1942 their destination until a few hours before scrambling into assault barges, crowded the ships to the very funnels and were guarded by aircraft carriers, racing cruisers and destroyers. Our big convoy arrived at its destination with the split-second timing of a subway train despite storms for many days at sea and danger from planes and submarines. The entire operation was carried out with the delicate synchroniza- (Continued on Page 2, Column 6) MISIENTI (Bv Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Nov. 8. (Sunday) The office of war Information reported that up until 12:15 a.m. today there had been no do-mestio broadcast in Germany or Italy Informing the axis public of the allied landings In north Africa The O.W.I. said further that the monitoring service of the federal communications commission had heard no shortwave broadcast from axis countries reacting to the coup. The only axis reaction noted was a Morse code transmission by the (Continued on Page 3, Column 5) troops and their equipment, for obvious military reasons, but said that they were equipped with "adequate weapons of warfare" and that they would "in the immediate future, be reinforced by a considerable number of divisions of the British army." Announcement of the landings was timed to coincide with the actual debarkation of the troops on PETA1N TO FIGHT IBv Associated Press) LONDON, Nov. 8. (Sunday) The Vichy radio said today that Marshal Petain had tent President Roosevelt a message expressing his "astonishment and sadness" at learning of "the aggression of your troops against north Africa." Petain said that the reasons given by the president for the landings failed to justify them and added: "France and its honor are involved. We are attacked and we will defend ourselves." their destinations at 9 p.m. eastern war time (3 a.m. Sunday, west African time,) and was made only after a reassuring message from Mr. Roosevelt's own lips had been broadcast to the French people, asking for their aid to rout their own enemies. The landing, the announcement said, was being assisted by the British navy and air forces. Prevention of Axis Invasion Said Goal White House Secretary Stephen Early called newspapermen to a special press conference to make the formal announcement. He said it was issued in the name of President Roosevelt, with the simultaneous communiques coming from the war department and in London. The announcement said the landing was to prevent an enemy Invasion, which, if successful, would "constitute a direct threat to America" across the comparatively narrow sea from western Africa. "This combined allied force," the announcement said, "under American command in conjunction with the British campaign In Egypt, Is designed to prevent an occupation by the axis armies of any part of (Continued on Page 3, Column !
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