The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada on April 14, 1945 · Page 1
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The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada · Page 1

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Saturday, April 14, 1945
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4 LAST EDITION PRICE THREE CENTS. ning Jouirnai SUNDAY COOLER 60th Year 10.") OTTAWA, SATURDAY, APRIL 14, 1945 TWENTY-SIX PAGES. IV! LASUvJ UUVJ wi- The Ottawa Eve 'rlffff flRIFWlFIl T n Marine Band Plays 'Hail To The Chief7 As T ram WASHINGTON, April 14. oP The body of Franklin Delano Roosevelt reached the White House at 11.11 a.m. E. D.I. today after movinr through hashed Washington streets Jammed by sorrowing thousands. Many women wept. So did Hint of the men. Police said they never had handled so quiet and solemn a crowd in the capital s history. WASHINGTON. April 14. . The body of President Roosevelt reached a sorrowful capital shortly before 10 a.m. today. P r e s i dent Truman and members of the Cabinet were at the Union Station a few minutes before the train pulled in at 9.50 a.m. E.D.T.. waiting to lead a mournful procession to the White House. Truman Follows Family. Members of the Roosevelt fam- ! iv were the first to enter the fur.eral tram, followed by Presi- cer.t Truman. Br;g -Gen. Elliott Roosevelt ar.d his wife and Mr. and Mrs. : John Boettiger went aboard. They were followed by Ad- ; rural William D Leahy, who was President Roosevelt's mili-; tary Chief of Staff, by Bernard Baxuch, James F Byrnes, and War Mobilization Director Fred M. Vinson. Members of the Supreme Court ar.d their wives, and Cabinet officers and their wives also en- ; tered the train. j As the Government officials, beads bared, walked slowly toward the cars a Marine Band soft- : ly played ' Hail to the Chief" and j the National Anthem. The fur.eral train was parked or. a siding near a bustling freight depot. Crowds thronged as c Verse as police would let "them to the train. At the rear of the President's car stood a huge army caisson and seven white horses awaiting the body of the Preside:-, t. The body was lifted to the ea.sson at 9.53 a.m.. and the procession began through hushed crowds its slow trip to the White House, where private funeral services will be held at 4 p.m. Virtually every high dignitary of the Government rode in the procession as it wended its way ' through the railroad sidings and ' on to the picturesque Union Sta-, tior. plaza? which faces the na- j Clonal Capitol. Two of Mr. Roosevelt's secretaries. Stephen f . Early and William D. Hassett. rode together in one car. Behind them came another member of the White House secretariat, Jonathan Daniels. Bowed in Grief. With his shoulders slumped, Samuel Rosenman. Mr. Roosevelt's j long-time counsel, rode in one of i the cars reserved for the former j President's closest friends. Rosen- ' mar. had been associated with Mr. ! Roosevelt in one capacity or another since the days when the late President was Governor of New Yotk Treasury Secretary Morgen- thau. a Hudson Valley neighbor 1 of tne Roosevelts, rode alone his ! head bowed in grief. He glanced j neither right nor left as the pro- cession moved out of the station. I Two sharp high notes of a ! sailer s pipe signalled the start of j the long cortege. ! With the bass drums of a ' military band thumping in the d usance, a battalion of Marines, followed by a detachment of sailors. noved solemnly up Constitution Avenue. A wedge of 25 motorcycle policemen were in the line of inarch. A light bomber, gleaming in the sun. circled overhead. The last car in the procession left the station at 10.20 a.m. It took almost 20 minutes for the entire funeral party to get under way to the White House. Despite Mrs. Roosevelt's request that no flowers be sent, several truckloads of blossoms arrived at the White House and were unloaded at the front door. Among these floral tributes were several from foreign governments. Concluded on Page 20, Col. 3. JAPS MOVE TO REDS. CHUNGKING, April 14. JP The Japanese are speeding mechanized forces from the Shanghai area to positions they occupied originally in Manchuria as a re-suit of Moscow's denunciation of the Russo-Japanese Neutrality Act, a -Chinese Army spokesman declared last night. ENGLAND. 6; SCOTLAND, 1. GLASGOW, April 14. (Reuters i England defeated Scotland 6-1 today in an international soccer match at Hampden Park. A arrives Rumor Hitler Ready to Capitulate LONDON, April 14. (BUP) Private advices from Lisbon today said the Papal Nunciature there received a confidential note on March 31 saying that Adolf Hitler and his generals had decided to capitulate. The unconfirmed Lisbon report said Hitler and his generals met, discussed capitulation, decided for it, and to request Pope Pius' intervention to arrange the details. A Paris despatch said Major Waldemar Pabst, notorious Nazi terrorist and chief confidant of Franz von Papen, had arrived secretly in Switzerland, perhaps to put forth a peace feeler. Reds Open Drive On 300-Mile Line Nazis Report LONDON, April 14. (BUP) Nazi broadcasts said today that Red armies were opening a general offensive on a 300-mile front arching across Germany less than 30 miles from Berlin and 90 from the American 3rd Army. Soviet forces of the southeastern front were sweeping across Austria and Moravia in a race with the Nazis for the Bavarian redoubt Their pace was speeded by the fall of Vienna and a crossing of the Morava river before Brno.' Formidable Force Freed. The end of the week-long siege of Vienna released formidable Russian forces for the Russian drive up the Danube valley, already probing into the area of Sankt Poelten, 31 miles west of the Austrian capital and 132 miles from Berchtesgaden. The Viennese celebrated their liberation with public waltzes in the city's .squares. The streets were hung with Austrian and Soviet flags as the populace saluted the Red Army with "unconcealed joy", a Moscow broadcast reported. New Baltic Thrust Lt. Col. Alfred von Olberg, Nazi radio commentator, said that "it becomes more and more obvious that the Soviets have concentrated very strong forces in the area between Kustrin, east of Berlin, and Stettin, and it remains to be seen whether a new offensive against Stettin is planned with a new thrtst to the Baltic in the direction of Kiel". 1,000 Jews Freed By Canadian Troops By DOUGLAS AMARON. WESTERBORK, Holland, April 14. (CP) More than 1,000 German and Dutch Jews have been liberated from a concentration camp near this northern Netherlands town by the advance of the 2nd Canadian Division. From Westerbork, 120,000 Jews have been sent during the last three years to camps in Poland and Czechoslovakia. The potential horror of that trans-shipment was replaced by the reality of freedom when troops of the 8th Reconnaissance Regiment of Shaunavon, Sask., and Medicine Hat, Alta., reached the camp Thursday. Westerbork is the first Jewish concentration camp liberated by Canadian forces, and army intelligence personnel who were among the first soldiers on the spot found conditions better than had been expected. "The greatest fear of the people here was that they might be sent to Poland", a captain from Victoria, B.C., said. I visited the camp Friday and talked with about a dozen English-speaking Jews. They agreed their treatment had been comparatively good, but emphasized the mental strain of the constant threat of atrocities or death. Yanks in Britain Honor Chief's Memory LONDON; April 14. CP) American soldiers and sailors stationed, in Britain will file into churches during the day for a last tribute to their dead Commander - in - Chief. The U. S. Army has scheduled Protestant services at Grosvenor Chapel, Roman Catholic mass at St. James Church and Jewish services at the West End Synagogue. American naval personnel will attend a service at St. Mark's Church. Sanjj Momentous News Coming Allied Link-up Will Not Mean End of War By JAMES M. LONG. ALLIED SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, Paris, April 14. (A) The German army, still fighting fiercely in the East, no longer has either a cohesive front nor a coherent command in the west. The long-awaited Allied linkup severing Germany in the middle is near but that does not mean that the war in Europe will end at that time. There might still be military fighting on into next Winter, but it is not likely .that it would still be regarded as an active phase of the European war. When V-E Day Will Come. V-E Day will come, according to the best available opinion here, somewhere between the Allied link-up and the end of subsequent fighting. And it will come by Allied proclamation, and not by German surrender. It is hacdly likely that Gen. Eisenhower alone could or would proclaim such a V-E Day. It would be prpclaimed by a joint agreement with Marshal Stalin, and it could hardly come, whatever the success of the clean-up in the West, until the Eastern Front, too, had collapsed. Many Fighting Fronts. There is now no disposition here to believe that even splitting Germany in two would cause the collapse of a fighting front actually many fighting fronts while the German Command disintegrated into separate pockets of major resistance. Concluded on Pare 2, Col. 1. Ontario Election Writs Not Issued Until Next Week-end TORONTO April 14. (CP) Setting of Dominion and Ontario elections for the same day June 11 presents officials at Ottawa and Toronto with a serious situation with regard to ballot boxes, Major A. C. Lewis, Ontario chief election officer, said today. Neither had a full supply of boxes and in past elections each had borrowed from the other. Major Lewis said. With both elections on the same date this would be impossible. The Ontario officer said that the boxes must be metal and must conform to certain specifications set out in the Elections Act. He was hopeful that enough metal would be released to make sufficient boxes available. Major Lewis said writs for the Ontario election would be issued toward the end of next week. He did not believe the date would be changed because of the federal announcement. "Not Worried" Here. "I am not worried; I have all the boxes I need," said Jules Castonguay, chief Federal electoral officer, today concerning a possible shortage of ballot boxes. Mr. Castonguay said it would probably be possible for Ontario to borrow boxes from other provinces. Writs for the Dominion election will likely be issued Monday, or Tuesday at the latest. Parliament has a formal session set for Monday afternoon when Royal assent will be given to bills and prorogation will take place. It is expected the election writs will be issued later in the afternoon. (See Also Pare Nine) Hess, Aged and III, In Mental Hospital LONDON, April 14. (BUP) The Daily Mirror said today that Rudolph Hess, former deputy fuehrer of the Nazi party, is interned near the village of Abergavenny in the Monmouth area of West England. Hess is known as the "Kaiser of Abergavenny", the Mirror said. At the Maindiff Court Hospital, where he has a private room in a new mental ward, "he has frightened women nurses more than once with fierce, staring eyes". The newspaper said Hess has had no radio for some time since the war news put him in such a state of depression that he gave way to advanced melancholia. "He has lost a lot of weight", the Mirror said. "His black hair is thinning. His eyes are just the same fierce and big. He looks old and ill, but he still has a temper and will of his own. People say that he is suffering from gastritis. He looks yellow." v. , Of Cottage at 'Warm Springs, Ga., known as the Little White House, where President Roosevelt died, April 12. Big Bombers Hit Bordeaux Area LONDON, April 14. (P) A force of 1,150 United States heavy bombers made a surprise attack at dawn today on German strong-points and anti-aircraft positions on both sides of the Gironde estuary north of the French Atlantic port of Bordeaux. This is one of a half dozen isolated places along the French coast where Germans estimated to total 170,000 are still holding out. The daybreak attack followed a blow last njght by more than 750 heavily-loaded R.A.F. and R.C. A.T. Lancaster and Halifax bombers. More than half the raiding force was drawn from the Canadian Bomber Group. Yesterday, in far - ranging sweeps, American fighters destroyed at least 321 German 'planes, raising the toll wrecked within a week to at least 1,393. Six bombers and seven fighters failed to return from yesterday's U. S. 8th Air Force operations. Three aircraft were reported missing from last night's R.A.F.-R.C.A.F. operations which, in ad dition to.the attack on. Kiel, included a raid bv 100 nieht bomb ers on objectives in Hamburg, Boizenburg, southeast of Hamburg, and in Stralsund, another German naval base on the Baltic northwest of Stettin. Governor Flies To Washington The Earl of Athlone, Governor General, left Ottawa by 'plane this morning for Washington where he will represent the King at the funeral services for President Roosevelt. The Governor General, who is flying directly to the United States capital, will stay at the Canadian Embassy while in Washington and will return to Ottawa by 'plane tomorrow. Princess Alice will attend memorial services being held this afternoon in Christ Church Cathedral. Prime Minister King will leave this afternoon to attend the private funeral service at Hyde Park tomorrow. He will not be able to attend the service in Christ Church Cathedral in Ottawa this afternoon. There was a place reserved for him at the White House service today, but he was unable to be present. Canada will be represented by her ambassador, Lester Pearson. Mr. King gave Instructions today that flags on all public buildings will fly at half-mast until after the burial service tomorrow. Service for Roosevelt To Be Broadcast A description of the service for President Roosevelt will be carried oyer station CBO from 4.01 to S.30 o'clock this afternoon; also from 6,30 to 6.45. URGE IMMIGRATION STUDY. TORONTO, April 14. (CP) The Board of Home Missions of the United Church of Canada today requested appointment of a Royal Commission to study immigration to Canada. DROWNED IN TRAIN WRECK. MUSKOGEE, Okla., April 14. (JP) The Oklahoma highway patrol said today it was informed "seven or eight" persons were drowned when a Dallas-Kansas City pasenger train plunged into a creek southeast of here. .'f M , L V.t. 1' 'WUJW'li!j y'-: n i V It .... - "-,.-.-,5V 11 F.D.Rs Grave in Rose Garden Shielded by Ancient Hedge HYDE PARK, N.Y., April 14. (.P) The earth of Hyde Park, warmed by Spring sunshine, was laid open today to receive the body of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. In a rose garden shielded by an ancient cedar hedge, a grave was prepared for the burden it will receive Sunday morning. Daffodils blossomed in the garden, hidden between the Roosevelt manor house overlooking the Hudson and the Franklin D. Roosevelt library, and rosebushes were in leaf near the freshly-turned earth. Village Mourns. H : The village of Hyde Park, still bewildered by the sudden death of its first citizen, mourned quietly and proudly. Pale, 78-year-old Rev. George W. Anthony, who will officiate at the burial, said villagers would gather at the old ivy-covered Episcopal Church of St. James immediately after the brief service at the grave. They will sing his favorite hymns, and the minister will read the late President's favorite Bible Chapter: Concluded on Page 25, Col. 4. 500 Candidates In June Election Somewhere in the neighbor- i hood of 500 candidates have now i been nominated by the three major political parties to contest tne federal general election on 0mjya Pa,acc adjoining the June 11, it was revealed here to- Imperial Paiace. is the residence dav- 1 of the Empress Dowager. This figure will probably show Explosions from the huge fires an increase, however, between: tnat ripped through the vital war now and official nomination day production area of Tokyo were on May 14, and indications are heard more than 100 miles away, that the number of candidates j Thousands of tons of high ex-contesting the election will set a i plosives and incendiaries were new record. This will be due tu the increased activity of political parties in Canada, of which eight now have made nominations. They are the Liberal party, the Progressive Conservative party, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation party, the Social Credit party, the Labor Progressives, the Social Laboritcs. the Farm Laboritcs, and French Independents. The latest figures available here on nominations are: Liberals, 110; Progressive Conservatives, 126; C.C.F., 147; Social Credit, about 25; Social Labor, two; Farm Labor, one; Labor Progressives, 62, and French Independents, one. Two-Minutes' Silence For Mr. Roosevelt . Ottawa retail merchants decided today to maintain a two-minute period of silence in their places of business at four o'clock in honor of the memory of President Roosevelt. The time corresponds with the President's funeral service at Washington and the memorial service being held in Ottawa at Christ Church Cathedral. In addition to stores and other places of business, the two-minutes' silence will be observed in Ottawa theatres. DEATHS. KERR On Friday. April 13. 1945, at her late residence. Avalon. Penn , Marjorle Orange, beloved wife of Albert M. Kerr, in her 57th year and sister of Mrs. H Arnold, Mrs. E. Charters. Mrs. G. Halliday. Fred. Harry. Sydney, and Gordon Orange, all of Ottawa. Funeral service at 2.30 p.m., on Monday, the 16th instant, at Avalon. McCANN On Friday. April 13. 1943. in hospital. Walter Ellard Mc-Cann. in his 58th year. Resting at Hulse and Playfair Ltd., 315 McLeod St., where service will be held in the chapel on Monday, the 16th instant, at 10 a.m. Interment Beech-wood cemetery. PARKER 'On Saturday. April 14. 1945. in hospital, Kenneth L. Parker, of 656 Laurler Ave. W.. beloved husband of Pearl Palen. in hts 24th year Resting at Hulse and Playfair Ltd.. 315 McLeod St.. where service will he held in the chapel on Monrtny. thr Iflth instant, at 3 p m. Interment Beech wood cemetery. r ti B-29's Ignite Mikado's Palace GUAM, April 14. (BUP) Hundreds of Superforts set fire to a five-square-mile arsenal area of Tokyo today and the Japanese reported the flames spread to the Mikado's palace. A Tokyo bulletin said that fires broke out in part of the buildings within the Imperial Palace, the Omiya Palace and the Asasaha detached palace but "were soon extinguished". The main building and sanctuary of the Grand Meiji shrine, one of Japan's greatest memo rials, was "burned to ashes", the DUelin said j dumped on the Japanese capital in a section congested with three large munitions plants and chem ical works. H Germans Shoot Dutch For Assisting Allies WITH CANADIAN TROOPS IN HOLLAND. April 14. (CP) Netherlands civilians who aided Allied airborne troops dropped in Northern Holland last week are being shot by the Germans in their retreat toward the North Sea. Two separate shootings involving 25 civilians have been reported to Canadian troops advancing on the heels of the Germans. Fourteen were killed Tuesday in a barn at Speir, 30 miles south of Groeningen, and 11 more were shot Wednesday at a rifle range near Assen, 17 miles farther north. Troops of the 8th Reconnaissance Regiment, of Shaunavon, Sask., and Medicine Hat, Alta., operating with the 2nd Canadian Division, discovered the bodies of the Speir victims when they entered the town Wednesday. Speir residents said the victims came from the nearby towns of Eur singe andHoogeveen. Four Germans marched them into Speir and, after a conference with a German officer, shot them. Red Wings to Use Couture of Moose Jaw TORONTO, April' 14. (CP) While Red Wing officials were mum on plans and hopes for tonight's, fateful game with Toronto Leafs, it was learned that they will use Gerry Couture, of the Moose Jaw Canucks, Memorial Cup hunters. Couture will miss this afternoon's opening game of the junior final but after tonight's professional game he will be eligible for remaining junior games. British Clear Eastern Part Of Arnhem WITH THE CANADIAN 1st ARMY, April 14. (CP) Amonr the units comprising the Canadian forqe enr-ared in the drive toward Oldenburr are The Governor General's Foot Guards, of Ottawa, and the Algonquin Regiment, of North Bay. LONDON, April 14. Canadian troops have cleared Apel-doorn, a road and rail hub 15 miles north of Arnhem, the Belgian radio said this afternoon. By ROSS MUNRO. WITH THE 1ST CANADIAN ARMY, April 14. CP) The British 49th Division has cleared the eastern part of Arnhem and reached nearly a mile north of the town on the Apeldoorn road, while Canadian units pushing west from their Ijessel bridgehead have reached the eastern outskirts of Apeldoorn. Apeldoorn is 15 miles north of Arnhem. Other Canadians reached a rail line running southeast from Apeldoorn. Germans of the 361st Division are opposing the Canadians at Apeldoorn, together with Volks-sturm and small units gathered from all over the eastern Holland pocket. Nearing Coast. The 2nd Canadian Division and the Polish 1st Armored Division are nearing the northeast Holland coast. Making an overnight advance of 17 miles against light opposition, the 2nd was in the southern outskirts of Groeningen, 18 miles from the coast. (An Associated Press front despatch today placed Polish troops within seven miles of the North Sea.) Abandoned German fighter fields in this area are falling into Canadian hands. Almost half of Arnhem has been captured and while opposition here is still reported comparatively light, there are plenty of snipers and booby traps which make the advance through the streets slow. Concluded on Page 20, Col. 7. Nanaimo Prog. Cons. To Nominate Pearkes VICTORIA, April 14. (CP) Frank H. Davey, president of the Nanaimo Federal Progressive Conservative Association, announced here last night that the name of Maj.-Gen. G. R. Pearkes, V.C., will be placed before a nominating convention at Duncan today to choose a candidate for Nanaimo constituency in the June 11 Federal election. Gen. Pearkes, former general officer commanding in chief of Pacific Command, moved to Victoria a few days ago from Vancouver where he has been living since he left the army command. Historic Hun Mutiny Repeated at Bremen? Chicago Daily News Service. BERNE, April 14. German sailors mutinied at Bremen and Luebeck last Saturday and refused to sail for Danish and Norwegian harbors, recalling the naval uprising at Kiel in October, 1918, that precipitated the fall of the Kaiser's Empire, it is learned here. SS detachments were sent to restore .order and clashes broke out between the troops and sailors. The commanding officer of one SS unit was said to have been attacked by the mob in Bremen. Diver Will Search For Ottawa Men In an effort to locate the bodies of Claude Leblanc, 291 Sussex street, Ottawa, and Marc Lalonde, 167 Notre Dame street, Hull, believed drowned in the Ottawa river near the Interpro-vincial Bridge last Sunday, city diving equipment has been sent to the scene. This morning Water Works Engineer W. E. MacDonald told The Journal that the city's equipment had been loaned to relatives of the boys. Robert A. Simpson, employed by Patterson Motors and a former Navy diver, will conduct diving operations with the assistance of Detective Lester Routliffe and Constable Louis Ullrich. Berlin Front 'Acute' ' Germans Say By British United Press. The American Broadcasting; Station in Europe said today that the 9th Army entry lnt Berlin is imminent. By SEAGHAN MAYNES. WITH THE U.S. 3RD ARMY, April 14. (Reuters) The next 24 hours are likely to bring momentous news, as soon as 3rd Army tank columns with radio transmitters break into the clear. German cities are falling like ninepins. Even river lines which nffr onnA Am. ?ence possibilities such as the Saale, the Weisse and the M u 1 d e , running parallel, have been crossed with little difficulty. The flying col umns have made sensational advances in the last 24 hours. The town of Zeitz. 20 miles south of Leipzig, has been cleared, lnlantry, alter crossing the Weisse, are fiehtine in Gera, 30 miles south of Leipzig. To the south a flying column of the 11th Armored Division has streaked into the outskirts of Bayreuth and some elements are within 20 miles of the Czech border. Tanks and lorry-borne infantry are racing after them. By JAMES M. LONG. PARIS, April 14. P The U.S. 9th Army fought slowly forward on the outer defences of Berlin today and other Americans to the south besieged Leipzig, neared the Russian lines and plunged Hppn intn tV-io florm 3 n n tional redoubt by entering Bayreuth. Gen. Bradley's armies bypassed Leipzig and tightened the siege arc around the great Saxony city where 1,000,000 German civilians have been reported awaiting the Americans. The closest troops last were reported four miles away. Plunge Into Bayreuth. The 3rd Army plunged into Bayreuth and on to the. approaches of Dresden and neared the great traffic centre of Chemnitz. The 1st and 9th Armies vir tually . eliminated the Ruhr pocket, taking 114,000 prisoners from the 150,000 originally estimated as trapped. The nearest 9th Army troops last were reported 43 miles or less from Berlin. Those east of the Elbe were encountering profuse fire from flak batteries guarding the capital and making slow progress on the flat Brandenburg plain. Concluded on Page' 20, Col. one RotYtn newt m fam '5fO 172 IrrJP-J- WEATHER FORECAST. Ottawa Valley and Upper St. Lawrence Valleys: Fresh winds, fair and cooler tonight and Son day; frost Sunday morning. Temperatures. , Vancouver 44, 56; Calgary 25, 42; Edmonton. 33, 47; Saskatoon 25, 39: Regina 15, 36; Winnipeg 20, 32; Toronto 43, 75; Ottawa 46, 80; Quebec 47, 80; Moncton 41, 76; Halifax 40, 51. The Journal thrmomUr at 10 o'clock registered 81 dtgnes. Sun rota 6.30 a.m.; un Mta T.47 p m iDayllght Saving Time). vrr, 1 1 I

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